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dietary guidelines for diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#1
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999302/the-effect-of-using-mobile-technology-based-methods-that-record-food-or-nutrient-intake-on-diabetes-control-and-nutrition-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Judi Porter, Catherine E Huggins, Helen Truby, Jorja Collins
(1) Background: Mobile technologies may be utilised for dietary intake assessment for people with diabetes. The published literature was systematically reviewed to determine the effect of using mobile electronic devices to record food or nutrient intake on diabetes control and nutrition outcomes; (2) Methods: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO: registration number CRD42016050079, and followed PRISMA guidelines. Original research of mobile electronic devices where food or nutrient intake was recorded in people with diabetes with any treatment regimen, and where this intervention was compared with usual care or alternative treatment models, was considered...
December 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997546/the-eatwell-guide-modelling-the-health-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#3
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVE: To model population health impacts of dietary changes associated with the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (the 'Eatwell Guide'). METHOD: Using multi-state lifetable methods, we modelled the impact of dietary changes on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers over the lifetime of the current UK population. From this model, we determined change in life expectancy and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) that could be averted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987136/management-of-chronic-constipation-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#4
REVIEW
V G M Prasad, Philip Abraham
AIM: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the clinical assessment and evidence-based treatment options for managing diabetes-associated chronic constipation. METHODS: A literature search of published medical reports in English language was performed using the OVID Portal, from PUBMED and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, from inception to October 2015. A total of 145 abstracts were identified; duplicate publications were removed and 95 relevant full-text articles were retrieved for potential inclusion...
December 17, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974597/what-is-the-appropriate-upper-limit-for-added-sugars-consumption
#5
James M Rippe, John L Sievenpiper, Kim-Anne Lê, John S White, Roger Clemens, Theodore J Angelopoulos
Dramatic increases in obesity and diabetes have occurred worldwide over the past 30 years. Some investigators have suggested that these increases may be due, in part, to increased added sugars consumption. Several scientific organizations, including the World Health Organization, the Scientific Advisory Council on Nutrition, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 2015, and the American Heart Association, have recommended significant restrictions on upper limits of sugars consumption. In this review, the scientific evidence related to sugars consumption and its putative link to various chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the metabolic syndrome is examined...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935263/new-glycemic-targets-for-patients-with-diabetes-from-the-japan-diabetes-society
#6
Eiichi Araki, Masakazu Haneda, Masato Kasuga, Takeshi Nishikawa, Tatsuya Kondo, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki
In the 'Evidence-based Practice Guideline for the Treatment for Diabetes in Japan 2013', a new concept of the glycemic control in patients with diabetes in Japan has been declared from the Japan Diabetes Society. The main objective value of HbA1c was set to <7% from the perspective of preventing microvascular complications. On the other hand, the objective in cases where objectives can be attained by appropriate dietary or exercise therapy, or during pharmacotherapy without the occurrence of side effects such as hypoglycemia was set to <6%, and the objective in cases where intensification of treatment was considered difficult due to side effects such as hypoglycemia or for other reasons was set to <8%...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933718/constipation-in-older-people-a-consensus-statement
#7
Anton Emmanuel, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Maria Cristina Neri, Karl-Uwe Petersen, Enrique Rey, June Rogers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic constipation is a serious medical condition that affects 30%-40% of people over 60 years old. Although not normally life threatening, constipation reduces quality of life by the same extent as diabetes and osteoarthritis. There are currently no Europe-wide guidelines for treating constipation in older people, although there is some country-level guidance for the general population. We have evaluated the existing guidance and best clinical practice to improve the care of older people with constipation...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#8
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888435/increased-sclerostin-and-bone-turnover-after-diet-induced-weight-loss-in-type-2-diabetes-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-madiab-trial
#9
Rocky Strollo, Andreea Soare, Yeganeh Manon Khazrai, Antonio Di Mauro, Andrea Palermo, Rossella Del Toro, Sara Fallucca, Maria Giovanna Belluomo, Laura Dugo, Mario Pianesi, Paolo Pozzilli, Nicola Napoli
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin has been directly related to bone turnover increase in dietary-induced weight loss in non-diabetics. This has not been studied in type 2 diabetes, a condition characterized by increased circulating sclerostin and impaired bone turnover. PURPOSE: To study the effect of dietary weight loss and quality of the dietary intervention on changes of sclerostin and bone turnover markers in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of the MADIAB trial, a 21-day randomized controlled trial on overweight/obese type 2 diabetes patients...
November 25, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845333/habitual-coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-ischemic-heart-disease-depression-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#10
Man Ki Kwok, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Observationally, coffee is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), depression and Alzheimer's disease, but not ischemic heart disease (IHD). Coffee features as possibly protective in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Short-term trials suggest coffee has neutral effect on most glycemic traits, but raises lipids and adiponectin. To clarify we compared T2DM, depression, Alzheimer's disease, and IHD and its risk factors by genetically predicted coffee consumption using two-sample Mendelian randomization applied to large extensively genotyped case-control and cross-sectional studies...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797736/dietary-fat-guidelines-have-no-evidence-base-where-next-for-public-health-nutritional-advice
#11
Zoë Harcombe
INTRODUCTION: National dietary guidelines were introduced in 1977 and 1983, by the US and UK governments, with the aim of reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. The 2 specific dietary fat recommendations were to reduce total fat and saturated fat consumption to 30% and 10% of total energy intake, respectively. METHODS: 4 systematic reviews (3 with meta-analysis) were undertaken to examine the evidence for these dietary fat guidelines: (1) randomised controlled trial (RCT) and (2) prospective cohort (PC) evidence at the time the guidelines were introduced; and (3) RCT and (4) PC evidence currently available...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787891/a-brief-dietary-assessment-predicts-executive-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-cohort-results-from-the-einstein-aging-study
#12
Erin E Sundermann, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton, Alice H Lichtenstein, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diet and executive function, episodic memory and global verbal cognition in the Einstein Aging Study (EAS) cohort and determine whether race modifies this relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: EAS participants without dementia who completed the Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients (REAP) (N = 492). MEASUREMENTS: The previously validated REAP is based on the 2000 U...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765121/-association-between-gestational-weight-gain-per-trimester-total-gestational-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Z Y Dai, D Liu, R Li, Y Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, R Zhou, G Zeng
Objective: To understand the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) per trimester/total (GWG) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 829 healthy pregnant women from Chengdu who delivered a singleton during March-September 2013. Basic information about pre-pregnancy was collected at the first time, exercise information per trimester, dietary intake information per trimester and gestational age at delivery were obtained by questionnaire. Weight at the (12 ± 1)(th), (28 ± 1)(th), (36 ± 1)(th) and last week before delivery were measured...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754409/diet-quality-the-greeks-had-it-right
#14
John J B Anderson, David C Nieman
The Mediterranean diet is upheld in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines as an example of an eating pattern that promotes good health, a healthy body weight, and disease prevention throughout the lifespan. The Mediterranean eating pattern is based on a variety of unprocessed plant foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds that are high in polyphenols. The majority of polyphenols arrive in the colon where bacteria degrade them into smaller phenolics that can be translocated via the portal vein to the liver...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754289/br-08-1-high-sodium-intake-reduction-in-diabetes-with-hypertension
#15
Zhiming Zhu
Management of hypertension in diabetes is critical for reducing cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Dietary approaches for controlling high blood pressure have historically focused on sodium. Thus, many guidelines recommend that patients with type 2 diabetes reduce high sodium intake. Nonetheless, the potential benefits of sodium reduction are debatable. The kidney has a crucial role in glucose filtration and reabsorption in addition to its regulation of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. A key factor linking sodium uptake and glucose transport is the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) in renal proximal tubular cells...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753808/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#16
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743692/medical-students-perceptions-regarding-the-importance-of-nutritional-knowledge-and-their-confidence-in-providing-competent-nutrition-practice
#17
R Perlstein, S McCoombe, C Shaw, C Nowson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the perceived importance, knowledge and confidence in nutritional management in a sample of Australian medical students undertaking a 4-year postgraduate medical degree. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: In 2015, students in years 1-4 were anonymously surveyed to assess students' perceived importance of nutrition, and knowledge and confidence in nutritional management. RESULTS: A total of 131 first and second year (preclinical/yr 1-2) medical students (46% response rate) and 66 third and fourth year (clinical/yr 3-4) students (24% response rate) completed the questionnaire...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707695/sugar-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Michael E J Lean, Lisa Te Morenga
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages, has been widely held responsible by the media for the global rise in Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). SOURCES OF DATA: Systematic reviews and dietary guidelines relating dietary sugars to T2DM. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Weight gain and T2DM incidence are associated with diet and lifestyle patterns characterized by high consumptions of any sweetened beverages. High sugar intakes impair risk factors for macrovascular complications of T2DM...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695086/performance-of-the-malay-audit-of-diabetes-dependent-quality-of-life-18-and-associates-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-major-ethnic-groups-of-malaysia
#19
Aqil M Daher, Syed Hassan A AlMashoor, Than Winn
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is notorious for its metabolic effect, acute and chronic complications and impact on Quality of Life (QoL). Successful intervention to improve QoL necessitates a valid and reliable measurement tool to identify areas of concern to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess the factor structure of the Malay Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life-18 (ADDQoL-18) questionnaire; (2) determine the impact of DM on QoL; and (3) identify areas of concern to patients with type 2 DM from three major ethnic groups in Malaysia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692243/the-relation-of-saturated-fatty-acids-with-low-grade-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, D A Janneke Dijck-Brouwer, Frits A J Muskiet
The mantra that dietary (saturated) fat must be minimized to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has dominated nutritional guidelines for decades. Parallel to decreasing intakes of fat and saturated fatty acids (SFA), there have been increases in carbohydrate and sugar intakes, overweight, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The "lipid hypothesis" coined the concept that fat, especially SFA, raises blood low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and thereby CVD risk. In view of current controversies regarding their adequate intakes and effects, this review aims to summarize research regarding this heterogenic group of fatty acids and the mechanisms relating them to (chronic) systemic low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and notably CVD...
October 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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