Read by QxMD icon Read

Foot orthoses

Maryam Maleki, Samaneh Badri, Hamed Shayestehepour, Mokhtar Arazpour, Farzam Farahmand, Mohamad Ebrahim Mousavi, Ehsan Abdolahi, Hasan Farkhondeh, John S Head, Navid Golchin, Mohammad Ali Mardani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of an original powered foot clearance creator (PFCC) mechanism worn in conjunction with an isocentric reciprocal gait orthosis (IRGO) and evaluate its effect on trunk compensatory movements and spatiotemporal parameters in nine healthy subjects. METHOD: A PFCC motorized mechanism was designed that incorporated twin sole plates, the movements of which enabled increased toe to floor clearance during swing phase...
March 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Koichiro Sota, Yuki Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Ochi, Shuji Matsumoto, Kenji Hachisuka, Kazuhisa Domen
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for patients with stroke and foot drop is an alternative to ankle foot orthoses. Characteristics of FES responders and non-responders have not been clarified. OBJECTIVES: 1. To investigate the effects of treatment with FES on patients with stroke and foot drop. 2. To determine which factors may relate to responders and non-responders. DESIGN: Multicenter, non-randomized, prospective study...
March 5, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
PURPOSE: Foot orthoses maybe used in the management of musculoskeletal disorders related to abnormal subtalar joint (STJ) pronation. However, the precise mechanical benefits of foot orthoses for preventing injuries associated with the STJ are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of foot orthoses on the energy absorption requirements of the STJ and subsequently tibialis posterior (TP) muscle function. METHODS: Eighteen asymptomatic subjects with a pes planus foot posture were prescribed custom-made foot orthoses made from a plaster cast impression...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cecília de Morais Barbosa, Manoel Barros Bértolo, Juliana Zonzini Gaino, Michael Davitt, Zoraida Sachetto, Eduardo de Paiva Magalhães
Background: Aging is associated with reduced postural stability and increased fall risk. Foot orthoses have been reported as an adjuvant intervention to improve balance by stimulating foot plantar mechanical receptors and thus increasing somatosensory input. Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of flat and textured insoles on the balance of primary care elderly people. Design: Prospective, parallel, randomized, and single-blind trial...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Paul Harradine, Lucy Gates, Catherine Bowen
The use of subtalar joint neutral (STJN) in the assessment and treatment of foot-related musculoskeletal symptomology is common in daily practice and still widely taught. The main pioneer of this theory was Dr Merton L. Root, and it has been labeled with a variety of names: "the foot morphology theory," "the subtalar joint neutral theory," or simply "Rootian theory" or "Root model." The theory's core concepts still underpin a common approach to musculoskeletal assessment of the foot, as well as the consequent design of foot orthoses...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Jade M Tan, Kay M Crossley, Bill Vicenzino, Hylton B Menz, Shannon E Munteanu, Natalie J Collins
Background: Age-related changes in midfoot mobility have the potential to influence success with foot orthoses intervention in people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). The aim of this study was to determine whether older people with PFP demonstrate less foot mobility than younger adults with PFP. Methods: One hundred ninety four participants (113 (58%) women, age 32 ± 7 years, BMI 25 ± 4.9 kg/m2 ) with PFP (≥ 6 weeks duration) were included, with foot mobility quantified using reliable and valid methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Kyra Kane, Patricia Manns, Joel Lanovaz, Kristin Musselman
PURPOSE: Physiotherapists, orthotists, and physicians are involved in the prescription of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) for children with cerebral palsy (CP); however, little is known about how prescription decisions are made in practice. Therefore, the study objective was to identify current AFO prescription and clinical decision-making practices for children with CP in Canada. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in five pediatric rehabilitation facilities, with 32 clinicians...
February 21, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Helen A Banwell, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Cochrane, Medline, AMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, SportDiscus, Scopus and PEDro) was conducted from January 2011 to July 2017...
2018: PloS One
Isabel Arias-Martín, María Reina-Bueno, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez
PURPOSE: Pain in and around the metatarsal heads, the metatarsal phalangeal joints and the surrounding soft tissues is called metatarsalgia. Non-operative treatment of metatarsalgia includes foot orthoses. Foot orthoses may be classified as standard or custom-made. A systematic review was carried out to determine whether custom-made foot orthoses are effective for treating forefoot pain. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PEDro databases were searched for relevant articles reporting patients undergoing treatment for forefoot pain by means of custom-made foot orthoses...
February 8, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Peter J Carek
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain in adults. It involves painful symptoms occurring along the plantar fascia with or without the presence of a bony heel spur. Heel pain that occurs on standing after a prolonged non-weight-bearing period is a prominent symptom of plantar fasciitis. On physical examination, palpation along the medial plantar calcaneal region reproduces the painful symptoms. Routine imaging studies usually are not necessary but can be used to rule out pathologies or confirm chronic or recalcitrant plantar fasciitis...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Jaap J van Netten, Peter A Lazzarini, David G Armstrong, Sicco A Bus, Robert Fitridge, Keith Harding, Ewan Kinnear, Matthew Malone, Hylton B Menz, Byron M Perrin, Klaas Postema, Jenny Prentice, Karl-Heinz Schott, Paul R Wraight
Background: The aim of this paper was to create an updated Australian guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. Methods: We reviewed new footwear publications, (inter)national guidelines, and consensus expert opinion alongside the 2013 Australian footwear guideline to formulate updated recommendations. Result: We recommend health professionals managing people with diabetes should: (1) Advise people with diabetes to wear footwear that fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi Shad, Reed Ferber
INTRODUCTION: It has been widely postulated that structural and functional misalignments of the foot, such as flat foot, may cause mechanical deviations of the lower limb during walking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity joint moment asymmetry during the stance phase of walking in children with asymptomatic flexible flat feet. METHODS: Fourteen volunteer male children, clinically diagnosed with flexible flat feet, participated in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Daniel López-López, Romeu Araújo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, António Santos, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo
BACKGROUND: Customized foot orthoses (CFO) have been widely accepted to reduce the frequency of foot problems and postural disorders. The purpose of the research was to compare the influence of CFO utilization on the venous status among healthy females and males. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study (NCT03329430), which included 20 healthy subjects that completed all the stages of the process. The subjects showed an age mean of 20.00 ± 1.62 years and were recruited in a foot and ankle specialist center...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
M Vlutters, E H F van Asseldonk, H van der Kooij
Understanding balance during human gait is complicated by the abundance of recovery options. Among all possible recovery options, three main strategies are often considered for human balance control, being the ankle, hip, and foot placement strategies. All can be addressed when balance is threatened during walking, but their relative importance remains uncertain. We have previously shown that healthy human subjects did not significantly adjust their foot placement relative to the body's center of mass (COM) in the first recovery step following anteroposterior pelvis perturbations, as compared to unperturbed walking...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Georgia Andreopoulou, Thomas H Mercer, Marietta L van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often managed with assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses. No evidence synthesis exists for the psychometric properties of outcomes used to evaluate the efficacy of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the outcome measures reported to assess the benefits of assistive technology for pwMS and then synthesize the psychometric evidence in pwMS for a subset of these measures...
December 25, 2017: Gait & Posture
Benedikt J Braun, Patrick Pelz, Nils T Veith, Mika Rollmann, Moritz Klein, Steven C Herath, Jörg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to describe long-term gait changes after talus fractures, identify patterns associated with poor outcome and discuss possible treatment options based on dynamic gait analysis. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients were followed-up clinically and via gait analysis after talus fracture osteosynthesis. Continuous dynamic pedobarography with a gait analysis insole was performed on a standardized parcours consisting of different gait tasks and matched to the outcome...
January 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L Hollands, Laurence P J Kenney, Pornsuree Onmanee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and STUDY SELECTION: One reviewer screened titles/abstracts...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Zhiwang Zhang, Lin Wang, Kaijun Hu, Yu Liu
BACKGROUND Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease that can change the load on lower limbs during walking. Plantar loads in patients with KOA may provide a basis for clinical decisions regarding footwear and foot orthoses. This study aimed to compare plantar loads in females with and without KOA during gait. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plantar pressure during walking was recorded in 23 females with KOA and 23 females without KOA. Maximum force (MF), contact area (CA), and peak pressure (PP) were measured at 7 different regions underneath the foot, named heel (M1), midfoot (M2), first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) (M3), second MPJ (M4), third to fifth MPJ (M5), hallux (M6), and lesser toes (M7)...
December 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"