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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#1
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332762/the-effect-of-foot-orthoses-on-joint-moment-asymmetry-in-male-children-with-flexible-flat-feet
#2
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi Shad, Reed Ferber
INTRODUCTION: It has been widely postulated that structural and functional misalignments of the foot, such as flat foot, may cause mechanical deviations of the lower limb during walking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity joint moment asymmetry during the stance phase of walking in children with asymptomatic flexible flat feet. METHODS: Fourteen volunteer male children, clinically diagnosed with flexible flat feet, participated in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331936/influence-of-custom-foot-orthoses-on-venous-status-a-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Daniel López-López, Romeu Araújo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, António Santos, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo
BACKGROUND: Customized foot orthoses (CFO) have been widely accepted to reduce the frequency of foot problems and postural disorders. The purpose of the research was to compare the influence of CFO utilization on the venous status among healthy females and males. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study (NCT03329430), which included 20 healthy subjects that completed all the stages of the process. The subjects showed an age mean of 20.00 ± 1.62 years and were recruited in a foot and ankle specialist center...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317105/reduced-center-of-pressure-modulation-elicits-foot-placement-adjustments-but-no-additional-trunk-motion-during-anteroposterior-perturbed-walking
#4
M Vlutters, E H F van Asseldonk, H van der Kooij
Understanding balance during human gait is complicated by the abundance of recovery options. Among all possible recovery options, three main strategies are often considered for human balance control, being the ankle, hip, and foot placement strategies. All can be addressed when balance is threatened during walking, but their relative importance remains uncertain. We have previously shown that healthy human subjects did not significantly adjust their foot placement relative to the body's center of mass (COM) in the first recovery step following anteroposterior pelvis perturbations, as compared to unperturbed walking...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304511/walking-measures-to-evaluate-assistive-technology-for-foot-drop-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#5
REVIEW
Georgia Andreopoulou, Thomas H Mercer, Marietta L van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often managed with assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses. No evidence synthesis exists for the psychometric properties of outcomes used to evaluate the efficacy of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the outcome measures reported to assess the benefits of assistive technology for pwMS and then synthesize the psychometric evidence in pwMS for a subset of these measures...
December 25, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297103/long-term-pathological-gait-pattern-changes-after-talus-fractures-dynamic-measurements-with-a-new-insole
#6
Benedikt J Braun, Patrick Pelz, Nils T Veith, Mika Rollmann, Moritz Klein, Steven C Herath, Jörg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to describe long-term gait changes after talus fractures, identify patterns associated with poor outcome and discuss possible treatment options based on dynamic gait analysis. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients were followed-up clinically and via gait analysis after talus fracture osteosynthesis. Continuous dynamic pedobarography with a gait analysis insole was performed on a standardized parcours consisting of different gait tasks and matched to the outcome...
January 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227525/functional-electrical-stimulation-and-ankle-foot-orthoses-provide-equivalent-therapeutic-effects-on-foot-drop-a-meta-analysis-providing-direction-for-future-research
#7
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L Hollands, Laurence P J Kenney, Pornsuree Onmanee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and clinicaltrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: One reviewer screened titles/abstracts...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201147/evidence-for-current-recommendations-concerning-the-management-of-foot-health-for-people-with-chronic-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#8
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194431/characteristics-of-plantar-loads-during-walking-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Zhiwang Zhang, Lin Wang, Kaijun Hu, Yu Liu
BACKGROUND Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease that can change the load on lower limbs during walking. Plantar loads in patients with KOA may provide a basis for clinical decisions regarding footwear and foot orthoses. This study aimed to compare plantar loads in females with and without KOA during gait. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plantar pressure during walking was recorded in 23 females with KOA and 23 females without KOA. Maximum force (MF), contact area (CA), and peak pressure (PP) were measured at 7 different regions underneath the foot, named heel (M1), midfoot (M2), first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) (M3), second MPJ (M4), third to fifth MPJ (M5), hallux (M6), and lesser toes (M7)...
December 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191729/hardness-and-posting-of-foot-orthoses-modify-plantar-contact-area-plantar-pressure-and-perceived-comfort-when-cycling
#10
Jaquelin A Bousie, Peter Blanch, Thomas G McPoil, Bill Vicenzino
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of hardness and posting of orthoses on plantar profile and perceived comfort and support during cycling. DESIGN: A repeated measures study with randomised order of orthoses, hardness, and posting conditions. METHODS: Twenty-three cyclists cycled at a cadence of 90rpm and a perceived exertion rating of twelve. Contoured soft and hard orthoses with or without a medial forefoot or lateral forefoot post were evaluated...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174793/footwear-interventions-for-foot-pain-function-impairment-and-disability-for-people-with-foot-and-ankle-arthritis-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Mike Frecklington, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter McNair, Peter Gow, Anita Williams, Matthew Carroll, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on the effectiveness of footwear on foot pain, function, impairment and disability for people with foot and ankle arthritis. METHODS: A search of the electronic databases Scopus, Medline, CINAHL, SportDiscus and the Cochrane Library was undertaken in September 2017. The key inclusion criteria were studies reporting on findings of footwear interventions for people with arthritis with foot pain, function, impairment and/or disability...
November 3, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161626/the-effect-of-augmented-somatosensory-feedback-on-standing-postural-sway
#12
Angela Smalley, Scott C White, Robert Burkard
Impaired balance resulting from reduced postural control occurs with aging and various medical conditions. Sensory input for balance control is provided by the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems. Previous research suggests that increased proprioceptive feedback from various lower extremity devices improves balance. Mixed results have been reported with the use of orthoses such as ankle foot orthoses (AFOs). In this study, 20 healthy subjects wore footplates in their shoes or straps around their lower legs in order to imitate the somatosensory feedback produced by wearing AFOs, but without providing ankle restriction...
November 14, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156379/evaluating-the-immediate-effects-of-wearing-foot-orthotics-in-children-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-jhs-by-analysis-of-temperospatial-parameters-of-gait-and-dynamic-balance-a-preliminary-study
#13
P McDermott, E Wolfe, C Lowry, K Robinson, H P French
Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) in children, presents with increased joint range of motion and can lead to altered gait strategies and reduced dynamic balance. Despite limited evidence foot orthoses are sometimes prescribed to patients with JHS with the aim to improve the stability of their gait pattern and theoretically reduce associated symptoms of fatigue and joint pain. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyse the immediate effects of 'off the shelf' orthoses on temporospatial parameters of gait and dynamic balance in this cohort...
November 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150297/prolonged-stretching-of-the-ankle-plantarflexors-elicits-muscle-tendon-adaptations-relevant-to-ankle-gait-kinetics-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#14
Teresa Martín Lorenzo, Eduardo Rocon, Ignacio Martínez Caballero, Ana Ramírez Barragán, Sergio Lerma Lara
Tissue related ankle hyper-resistance has been reported to contribute to equinus gait in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Hence, ankle plantarflexor stretching programs have been developed in order to restore passive ankle dorsiflexion. Despite high quality evidence on the limited effects of stretching on passive joint mobility, further muscle-tendon adaptations have been reported which may impact gait performance. As such, children with spastic cerebral palsy subject to long-term manual static stretching achieved dorsiflexion gains through the reduction of muscle and fascicle strain whilst preserving tendon strain, and prolonged use of ankle-foot orthoses achieved similar dorsiflexion gains through increased tendon strain whilst preserving muscle and fascicle strain...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140159/athletes-rated-as-poor-single-leg-squat-performers-display-measureable-differences-in-single-leg-squat-biomechanics-compared-to-good-performers
#15
Lachlan E Garrick, Bryce C Alexander, Anthony G Schache, Marcus G Pandy, Kay M Crossley, Natalie J Collins
CONTEXT: It is important to validate single-leg squat visual rating criteria used in clinical practice and research. Foot orthoses may improve single-leg squat performance in those who demonstrate biomechanics associated with increased risk of lower-limb injury. OBJECTIVE: Validate visual rating criteria proposed by Crossley et al, by determining whether athletes rated as poor single-leg squat performers display different single-leg squat biomechanics than good performers; and evaluate immediate effects of foot orthoses on single-leg squat biomechanics in poor performers...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128666/comparison-of-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-cad-cam-and-prefabricated-foot-orthoses-in-patients-with-flexible-flatfeet
#16
Banafsheh Khodaei, Hassan Saeedi, Maryam Jalali, Maede Farzadi, Ehsan Norouzi
BACKGROUNDS: The effect of foot orthoses on plantar pressure distribution has been proven by researchers but there are some controversies about advantages of custom-made foot orthoses to less expensive prefabricated foot orthoses. METHODS: Nineteen flatfeet adults between 18 and 45 participated in this study. CAD-CAM foot orthoses were made for these patients according to their foot scan. Prefabricated foot orthoses were prepared according to their foot size. Plantar pressure, force and contact area were measured using pedar®-x in-shoe system wearing shoe alone, wearing CAD-CAM foot orthoses and wearing prefabricated foot orthoses...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126045/the-effectiveness-of-conservative-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Stefano Salvioli, Maddalena Guidi, Giulia Marcotulli
Plantar heel pain is one of the most common causes of pain and musculoskeletal pathologies of the foot. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most effective, conservative and non-pharmacological treatments regarding pain in patients with plantar heel pain. The authors searched 5 databases and included only randomized control trials which investigated the efficacy of a conservative non-pharmacological treatment compared to the placebo, for the outcome of pain. Study selection, data collection and risk of bias assessment were conducted independently by two authors, and consensus was reached with a third author...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125503/patient-preferences-for-treatments-of%C3%A2-neuromuscular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Erik Landfeldt, Josefin Edström, Peter Lindgren, Hanns Lochmüller
BACKGROUND: Treatment decisions of neuromuscular diseases involve weighing clinical benefits and risks, as well as impact on patient social life, work status, other activities of daily living, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systemic literature review of patient preferences for treatments of neuromuscular diseases. METHODS: We searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed for full-text articles reporting results from studies of patient preferences for treatments of neuromuscular diseases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079236/effectiveness-of-foot-biomechanical-orthoses-to-relieve-patients-knee-pain-changes-in-neural-strategy-after-9%C3%A2-weeks-of-treatment
#19
Sébastien Moyne-Bressand, Carole Dhieux, Patrick Decherchi, Erick Dousset
Knee pain is one of the most common lower leg complaints. It is often treated with plantar orthoses to provide cushioning and correct locomotion, imbalances of the foot, and postural deficits. However, the published scientific data are poor concerning the mechanisms involved in pain reduction after wearing foot orthoses, and, to the best of our knowledge, no trial has investigated the mid-term effectiveness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot orthoses according to sound biomechanical principles in the treatment of knee pain...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067267/diabetic-osteoarthropathy-care-in-sweden-need-for-improvement-a-national-inventory
#20
Linda Wennberg, Paul Lundgren, Rimma Axelsson, Peter Aspelin, Kurt Gerok-Andersson, Börje Åkerlund
AIMS: Osteoarthropathy, a rare foot complication in patients with diabetes mellitus, calls for immediate and optimal management to prevent irreversible bone/joint destruction and risk of amputation. Awareness of the condition and adequate guidelines would minimize the consequences and the costs, both for the patient and for the society. We investigated the diabetic osteoarthropathy care in Swedish orthopedic clinics. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 63 Swedish hospitals with emergency department for orthopedic patients...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
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