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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673398/assessment-of-orthotic-needs-in-iranian-veterans-with-ankle-and-foot-disorders
#1
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: War-related traumas can lead to orthopedic and neurological disorders in victims. However, the scope of such disorders may expand months or even years after the trauma. Orthotic treatment as a rehabilitation process aims to enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. This study aimed to investigate the rate of using orthoses among Iranian veterans with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders of the ankle and foot...
April 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609157/acute-and-mid-term-six-week-effects-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-biomechanical-parameters-clinical-outcomes-and-physical-activity-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-with-varus-malalignment
#2
Maik Sliepen, Elsa Mauricio, Dieter Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a painful disease commonly caused by high loads on the articular cartilage. Orthotic interventions aim to reduce mechanical loading, thereby alleviating pain. Traditional orthotics appear effective, but high drop-out rates have been reported over prolonged periods. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a novel ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) on gait parameters, physical function and activity of KOA patients...
March 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581729/national-profile-of-foot-orthotic-provision-in-the-united-kingdom-part-2-podiatrist-orthotist-and-physiotherapy-practices
#3
C J Nester, A Graham, A Martinez-Santos, A E Williams, J McAdam, V Newton, D Sweeney, D Walker
Background: A national survey recently provided the first description of foot orthotic provision in the United Kingdom. This article aims to profile and compare the foot orthoses practice of podiatrists, orthotists and physiotherapists within the current provision. Method: Quantitative data were collected from podiatrists, orthotists and physiotherapists via an online questionnaire. The topics, questions and answers were developed through a series of pilot phases...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574363/effect-of-static-foot-posture-on-the-dynamic-stiffness-of-foot-joints-during-walking
#4
E Sanchis-Sales, J L Sancho-Bru, A Roda-Sales, J Pascual-Huerta
BACKGROUND: The static foot posture has been related to the development of lower limb injuries. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to investigate the dynamic stiffness of foot joints during gait in the sagittal plane to understand the role of the static foot posture in the development of injuries. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult male subjects with different static postures, assessed by the Foot Posture Index (FPI) (30 normal, 20 highly pronated and 20 highly supinated), were recruited...
March 17, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571089/long-term-gait-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-idiopathic-toe-walking
#5
Karen Davies, Alec Black, Michael Hunt, Liisa Holsti
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic toe walking is a diagnosis of exclusion characterized by a persistent toe-toe gait pattern after three years of age. Treatment for toe walking includes physical therapy, orthotics, casting, Botulinum Toxin A injection into gastrocnemius/soleus muscles, and/or surgery; yet, little evidence exists regarding long-term treatment effects. RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this study was to explore the differences in longer-term gait outcomes and severity of idiopathic toe walking between children treated actively with casting or inactively following recommendations for stretching...
February 14, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553223/the-effect-of-different-foot-orthoses-on-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-painful-flexible-flat-foot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yasin Yurt, Gül Şener, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in conservative treatment of painful flexible flatfoot however research is limited to choose the best option in orthotic treatment. AIM: We aimed to compare the effects of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and conventional insole types in comparison with sham insole, on pain and health related quality of life in patients with painful flexible flatfoot. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541162/three-dimensional-quantitative-analysis-of-healthy-foot-shape-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Kristina Stanković, Brian G Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers, Toon Huysmans
Background: Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantification ignores the foot's vertical dimension and hence, does not allow accurate quantification of complex 3D foot shape. Methods: The shape variation of healthy 3D feet in a population of 31 adult women and 31 adult men who live in Belgium was studied using geometric morphometric methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538382/a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-assessing-effectiveness-of-prosthetic-and-orthotic-interventions
#8
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495969/reconstruction-of-a-chronically-ruptured-achilles-tendon-using-an-internal-brace-a-case-report
#9
Shuichi Chida, Hitoshi Suzuki, Moto Kobayashi, Tsutomu Sakuraba, Hideji Kura, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: We reconstructed a chronically ruptured Achilles tendon and the associated scar tissue using braided polyblend polyethylene sutures (FiberWire; Arthrex Inc.; Naples, FL, USA) and anchors. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old Japanese man, who was being treated for right Achilles tendinosis, felt pain in his Achilles tendon when walking and started to find plantar flexion of his ankle joint difficult. As his symptoms persisted, he visited us after 4 weeks...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467829/surgical-offloading-procedures-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-compared-to-best-non-surgical-treatment-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Aharon S Finestone, Eran Tamir, Guy Ron, Itay Wiser, Gabriel Agar
Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are frequently related to elevated pressure under a bony prominence. Conservative treatment includes offloading with orthopaedic shoes and custom made orthotics or plaster casts. While casting in plaster is usually effective in achieving primary closure of foot ulcers, recurrence rates are high. Minimally invasive surgical offloading that includes correction of foot deformities has good short and long term results. The surgery alleviates the pressure under the bony prominence, thus enabling prompt ulcer healing, negating the patient's dependence on expensive shoes and orthotics, with a lower chance of recurrence...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393805/development-of-shared-decision-making-resources-to-help-inform-difficult-healthcare-decisions-an-example-focused-on-dysvascular-partial-foot-and-transtibial-amputations
#11
Matthew Quigley, Michael P Dillon, Stefania Fatone
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is a consultative process designed to encourage patient participation in decision making by providing accurate information about the treatment options and supporting deliberation with the clinicians about treatment options. The process can be supported by resources such as decision aids and discussion guides designed to inform and facilitate often difficult conversations. As this process increases in use, there is opportunity to raise awareness of shared decision making and the international standards used to guide the development of quality resources for use in areas of prosthetic/orthotic care...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381043/foot-and-ankle-conditions-midfoot-and-forefoot-conditions
#12
Katherine M Edenfield, Charlie Michaudet, Guy W Nicolette, Peter J Carek
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327602/combination-therapy-versus-exercise-and-orthotic-support-in-the-management-of-pain-in-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the effectiveness of two commonly used modalities-extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT)-each combined with usual care (exercises and orthotic supports) in comparison to only usual care to relieve pain in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Participants with PF were randomly allocated into 3 groups: ESWT (n = 25), LLLT (n = 24), and control (n = 17). All participants received a home exercise program with orthotic support...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310882/high-incidence-of-recurrent-ulceration-and-major-amputations-associated-with-charcot-foot
#14
Fredrik A Nilsen, Marius Molund, Kjetil H Hvaal
Few studies have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of Charcot foot. The present study evaluated the long-term effects of Charcot foot in a population treated with early weightbearing in a removable Charcot restraint orthotic walker. A retrospective study of 62 consecutive patients (74 feet) treated for Charcot foot from January 2003 to March 2014 was conducted. Of the 74 affected feet, 48 (64.9%) had developed an ulcer. The total amputation rate was 25.7% (19 feet), and 11 feet (14.9%) underwent major amputations...
March 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273892/low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-management-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
This study aimed at estimating the extent to which a combination therapy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with exercise and orthotic support (usual care) affects functional ability in the patient with plantar fasciitis (PF) when compared to usual care alone. Participants with PF were randomly allocated into two groups: LLLT (n = 27) and control (n = 22). All the participants received home exercise program with orthotic support. In addition, the LLLT group received a gallium-aluminum-arsenide laser with a 850-nm wavelength for ten sessions, three times a week...
December 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244535/whether-flexible-flatfoot-needs-the-treatment-an-observation-of-plantar-pressure-effects-on-adults-with-flexible-flatfoot-by-wearing-over-the-counter-insoles-when-walking-on-level-surface-upstairs-and-downstairs
#16
JunNa Zhai, Jue Wang, YuSheng Qiu
BACKGROUND: Orthotic insole is one popular physiotherapy for flatfoot. However, the effects and if flexible flatfoot needs the treatment are not clear and how the plantar pressure change while walking upstairs and downstairs had not been studied. This study observed the plantar pressure of different walking condition to find out the answers. METHODS: Fifteen adults with flexible flatfoot and fifteen adults with normal foot were examined while walking on a level surface, walking up and down 10 cm and 20 cm stairs before treatment...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240587/reclaiming-autologous-amputated-tissue-for-limb-salvage-of-a-diabetic-foot-burn-with-underlying-critical-limb-ischemia
#17
Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Andrew M Wishy, Kaitlyn I M West, David L Dawson, Sara E Dahle, John G Carson
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide pandemic that impacts more than 387 million people, with 29 million individuals affected in the United States alone. Diabetic patients have a 25% lifetime risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Having a DFU is associated with a risk of recurrence approaching 70%. In addition, 1 in 6 patients with DFU will have a lower-limb amputation, with an associated increase in mortality ranging from 47% to 70%. Therefore, limb salvage is critical in patients with DFU...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232751/-prosthetics-and-orthotics-prosthetic-fitting-in-lower-extremity-in-transfemoral-amputation
#18
Bernhard Greitemann
Modern prosthetic equipment often enables reintegration of patients with the amputation of a lower limb into their private life, their professional and social environment to a large extent. Provisioning of the lower extremity with artificial limbs aims at a life as normal as possible for the involved individual. The modules are selected in an interdisciplinary team. An optimal fitting of the socket, the correct static set-up, the appropriate fitting as well as cosmetic aspects are the essential basis for a sufficient provisioning...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224897/foot-exercise-and-orthotics-more-effective-than-knee-exercise-in-pfj-pain
#19
EDITORIAL
Gordon S Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216771/survey-of-the-functional-priorities-in-patients-with-disability-due-to-neuromuscular-disorders
#20
Nivedita U Jerath, Kevin Simoens, Dylan Mann, Steph Kollasch, Nicole Grosland, Karim A Malik, Chandan G Reddy
TITLE: Survey of the functional priorities in patients with disability due to neuromuscular disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine the functional priorities for patients with neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: A survey asking about functional priorities with respect to activities of daily living, ankle foot orthotic design, and assistive device design, was distributed to patients with neuromuscular disorders to assess the needs of patients from their perspectives...
December 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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