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Radiology quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335058/instructions-for-radiological-case-reports
#1
Peter Bannas
Purpose This paper explains the purpose and structure of a radiological case report and provides guidance for radiologists with respect to the writing of a well-structured patient case report. Materials and Methods The current literature and the author's experience as a writer were used to create a manual that describes steps for preparing a radiological case report containing all of the important ingredients for effective communication. Results Case reports are the first line of evidence in documenting clinical observations in the literature...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334324/understanding-the-genetic-landscape-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-and-implications-for-diagnosis-prognosis-and-treatment-a-review
#2
Erik J Kouba, Liang Cheng
Importance: Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a rare and aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the urinary bladder. Although research has been performed since the first case was reported in 1981, most of our understanding of the disease treatments has been extrapolated from small cell carcinoma of the lung. However, current data on patient survival have been stagnant. Observations: With the advent of advanced molecular diagnostic methods, a new potential for understanding the origin and treatment of small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder has become evident...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332703/predictors-of-meaningful-improvement-in-quality-of-life-after-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgery-a-prospective-study
#3
Carla Pauli, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Alexandre Paim Diaz, Maria Emilia Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, Charles Kondageski, Marcelo Neves Linhares, Ricardo Guarnieri, Bianca de Lemos Zingano, Juliana Ben, Jean Costa Nunes, Hans Joachim Markowitsch, Peter Wolf, Samuel Wiebe, Katia Lin, Roger Walz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively the independent predictors of a minimum clinically important change (MCIC) in quality of life (QOL) after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) in Brazilian patients. METHODS: Multiple binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the clinical, demographic, radiologic, and electrophysiologic variables independently associated with MCIC in the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 Inventory (QOLIE-31) overall score 1 year after ATL in 77 consecutive patients with unilateral MTLE-HS...
March 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332083/phase-iii-soft-tissue-sarcoma-trials-success-or-failure
#4
REVIEW
Alexander T J Lee, Seth M Pollack, Paul Huang, Robin L Jones
Two recently reported phase III randomised control trials (RCTs) have resulted in the registration of two new systemic therapies for advanced soft tissue sarcoma. Both of these trials' designs were informed by phase II data that guided the selection of sensitive STS diagnoses, enabling the demonstration of benefit in certain subtypes. A number of other phase III trials reported in the last 18 months have seemingly fit into a recurrent pattern of failure-promising efficacy signals in earlier phase studies being lost in the survival follow-up of large, highly heterogeneous cohorts...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331764/how-many-of-the-biopsy-decisions-taken-at-inexperienced-breast-radiology-units-were-correct
#5
Özlem Demircioğlu, Meral Uluer, Erkin Arıbal
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the need for biopsy in patients referred from other clinics for the performance of biopsy with the suspicion of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 112 patients were included in the study. It was decided that their biopsies be performed following examinations in other clinics and they presented to the breast radiology unit of our hospital for a second opinion. The demographic characteristics, diagnostic studies completed in the other centers, properties of lesions, decision made as a result of examinations and BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Systems) categorizations were recorded on the registration forms of the study patients...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329917/preoperative-radiologic-evaluation-of-cholangiocarcinoma
#6
REVIEW
So Yeon Kim
In patients with cholangiocarcinoma, surgical resection with curative intent is the only way to achieve cure. Since surgical resection of cholangiocarcinomas is technically demanding, determination of resectability and accurate preoperative staging are crucial. For these purposes, high quality imaging including multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography, is mandatory. This article will present recent advances in imaging techniques for cholangiocarginomas, potential pitfalls in imaging evaluation, and a checklist for preoperative radiologic assessment of resectability in these patients with an emphasis on perihilar cholangiocarinoma...
March 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327912/long-term-neurological-outcome-and-quality-of-life-after-world-federation-of-neurosurgical-societies-grades-iv-and-v-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-an-interdisciplinary-treatment-concept
#7
Christoph Schwartz, Thomas Pfefferkorn, Caroline Ebrahimi, Caroline Ottomeyer, Gunther Fesl, Andreas Bender, Andreas Straube, Hans-Walter Pfister, Suzette Heck, Jörg-Christian Tonn, Christian Schichor
BACKGROUND: Detailed data on long-term functional outcome of patients with World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) grades IV and V aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages (aSAH) are still scarce. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of long-term outcome of WFNS IV and V aSAH patients. METHODS: Functional outcome and quality of life were assessed by the modified Rankin scale (mRS) and the 36-item short-form health survey in consecutively treated aSAH WFNS IV and V patients between 2005 and 2010...
February 2, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324216/new-classification-for-the-treatment-of-pyogenic-spondylodiscitis-validation-study-on-a-population-of-250-patients-with-a-follow-up-of-2%C3%A2-years
#8
Enrico Pola, G Autore, V M Formica, V Pambianco, D Colangelo, R Cauda, M Fantoni
PURPOSE: Pyogenic spondylodiscitis (PS) is still burdened by a high rate of orthopedic and neurological complications. Despite the rising incidence, the choice of a proper orthopedic treatment is often delayed by the lack of clinical data. The aim of this study was to propose a clinical-radiological classification of pyogenic spondylodiscitis to define a standard treatment algorithm. METHODS: Based on data from 250 patients treated from 2008 to 2015, a clinical-radiological classification of pyogenic spondylodiscitis was developed...
March 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323223/robotic-assisted-conservative-excision-of-retrocervical-rectal-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-case-series
#9
Alfredo Ercoli, Emma Bassi, Stefania Ferrari, Daniela Surico, Anna Fagotti, Francesco Fanfani, Fiorenzo De Cicco, Nicola Surico, Giovanni Scambia
Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is a complex disease that impairs the quality of life and the fertility of women. Colorectal DIE accounts for 70% to 93% of all the intestinal endometriotic sites and frequently needs a surgical approach. However, the indications for the surgical management of this condition are still controversial. From March 2010 to June 2014, we scheduled 33 consecutive patients presenting with retrocervical-rectal DIE of any diameter not involving the mucosa nor producing rectal stenosis > 50% for laparoscopic robotic assisted nerve-sparing rectal nodulectomy (LRN)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322432/bilateral-congenital-deafness-what-investigations-should-be-performed
#10
Nicolas Gürtler, Claudine Gysin, Nevenka Schmid, Claudia Pieren, Mattheus Vischer, Stefan Schumacher, Peter Oppermann, Daniel Leuba, Dorothée Veraguth
BACKGROUND: The introduction of newborn hearing screening has led to earlier identification of children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Aetiological clarification offers several benefits. There is currently a lack of agreement on which examinations should be recommended. OBJECTIVE: Descriptive review of the literature reporting investigations performed to establish the aetiology of congenital SNHL and comparison of the management policy in Swiss referral centres...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320522/-image-guided-bone-consolidation-in-oncology-cementoplasty-and-percutaneous-screw-fixation
#11
REVIEW
Xavier Buy, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Vittorio Catena, Guilhem Roubaud, Michele Kind, Jean Palussiere
Bone metastases are a common finding in oncology. They often induce pain but also fractures which impair quality of life, especially when involving weight-bearing bones. Percutaneous image-guided consolidation techniques play a major role for the management of bone metastases. Cementoplasty aims to stabilize bone and control pain by injecting acrylic cement into a weakened bone. This minimally invasive technique has proven its efficacy for bones submitted to compression forces: vertebra, acetabular roof, and condyles...
March 17, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318477/importance-of-a-dedicated-neuroradiologist-in-reporting-high-resolution-computed-tomography-for-otosclerosis-a-retrospective-comparison-study-of-40-patients
#12
H Kanona, I Rana, C Offiah, N Patel
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the reporting of high-resolution computed tomography of temporal bones for otosclerosis by general radiologists and a neuroradiologist within a local National Health Service Trust. METHODS: A retrospective case review of 36 high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography images obtained between 2008 and 2015 from 40 otosclerosis patients (surgically confirmed) was performed in a district general hospital setting. The main outcome measures were correct identification of otosclerosis by high-resolution computed tomography and adherence to the petrous temporal bone imaging protocol...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315921/quality-assessment-of-radiological-measurements-of-trochlear-dysplasia-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Mathias Paiva, Lars Blønd, Per Hölmich, Robert N Steensen, Gerd Diederichs, Julian A Feller, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod
PURPOSE: To make a systematic review with quality assessments of the known measurements used to describe trochlear dysplasia. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Embase using the search string "trochlea dysplasia OR trochlear dysplasia". Papers were screened for their relevance based on predefined parameters, and all measurements showing a statistical association between trochlear dysplasia and patellar instability were presented...
March 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299256/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-implants-placed-with-osteotome-sinus-lift-technique-19-month-follow-up
#14
Bijan Movahedian Attar, Samaneh Alaei, Hamid Badrian, Amin Davoudi
AIMS: Implant placement in the posterior region of the maxilla might be problematic due to poor regional bone quality. The aim of this study was to clinically and radiologically evaluate implants which were placed in the posterior region of the maxilla (with insufficient bone height) with osteotome sinus lift technique after 19-month follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with posterior maxillary alveolar height ranging from 5 to 8 mm were chosen for this prospective study...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299236/computer-aided-detection-fidelity-of-pulmonary-nodules-in-chest-radiograph
#15
Nikolaos Dellios, Ulf Teichgraeber, Robert Chelaru, Ansgar Malich, Ismini E Papageorgiou
AIM: The most ubiquitous chest diagnostic method is the chest radiograph. A common radiographic finding, quite often incidental, is the nodular pulmonary lesion. The detection of small lesions out of complex parenchymal structure is a daily clinical challenge. In this study, we investigate the efficacy of the computer-aided detection (CAD) software package SoftView™ 2.4A for bone suppression and OnGuard™ 5.2 (Riverain Technologies, Miamisburg, OH, USA) for automated detection of pulmonary nodules in chest radiographs...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298578/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-management
#16
Jeffrey Peterson
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an inherited disorder that can lead to frequent and severe sequelae. Although the condition has no cure, many of its physical symptoms can be managed to improve the quality of life and lower the risk of life-threatening complications. This article discusses HHT presentation, genetic screening, diagnosis, and management. The management of HHT can involve interventional radiology techniques, particularly for patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations.
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298051/a-systematic-review-and-appraisal-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-injuries-and-conditions
#17
Daniel Pincus, John E Kuhn, Ujash Sheth, Katie Rizzone, Kristi Colbenson, Tim Dwyer, Ashley Karpinos, Paul H Marks, David Wasserstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are published by several sports medicine institutions. A systematic evaluation can help identify the highest quality CPGs for clinical use and identify any deficiencies that remain. PURPOSE: To identify and appraise CPGs relevant to clinical sports medicine professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Predetermined selection criteria were utilized by 2 reviewers who independently identified published CPGs before January 1, 2014...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297334/assessment-of-diffusion-tensor-image-quality-across-sites-and-vendors-using-the-american-college-of-radiology-head-phantom
#18
Zhiyue J Wang, Youngseob Seo, Evelyn Babcock, Hao Huang, Stefan Bluml, Jessica Wisnowski, Barbara Holshouser, Ashok Panigrahy, Dennis W W Shaw, Nolan Altman, Roderick W McColl, Nancy K Rollins
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of assessing quality of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) from multiple sites and vendors using American College of Radiology (ACR) phantom. Participating sites (Siemens (n=2), GE (n=2), and Philips (n=4)) reached consensus on parameters for DTI and used the widely available ACR phantom. Tensor data were processed at one site. B0 and eddy current distortions were assessed using grid line displacement on phantom Slice 5; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was measured at the center and periphery of the b=0 image; fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were assessed using phantom Slice 7...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297318/a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-radiation-dose-and-image-quality-of-computed-tomography-images-using-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction
#19
Fahad Ahmed Hussain, Noor Mail, Abdulrahman M Shamy, Suliman Alghamdi, Abdelhamid Saoudi
Image quality is a key issue in radiology, particularly in a clinical setting where it is important to achieve accurate diagnoses while minimizing radiation dose. Some computed tomography (CT) manufacturers have introduced algorithms that claim significant dose reduction. In this study, we assessed CT image quality produced by two reconstruction algorithms provided with GE Healthcare's Discovery 690 Elite positron emission tomography (PET) CT scanner. Image quality was measured for images obtained at various doses with both conventional filtered back-projection (FBP) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) algorithms...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296662/iv-versus-subcutaneous-enoxaparin-in-critically-ill-infants-and-children-comparison-of-dosing-anticoagulation-quality-efficacy-and-safety-outcomes
#20
Yaser A Diab, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Brandon Ferrell, Reginald Chounoune, Fahad A Alfares, Kendal M Endicott, Sara Rooney, Jason Corcoran, David Zurakowski, John T Berger, Venkat Shankar, Dilip S Nath
OBJECTIVE: Subcutaneous enoxaparin is the mainstay anticoagulant in critically ill pediatric patients although it poses several challenges in this patient population. Enoxaparin infused IV over 30 minutes represents an attractive alternative, but there is limited experience with this route of administration in children. In this study, we assess dosing, anticoagulation quality, safety, and clinical efficacy of IV enoxaparin compared to subcutaneous enoxaparin in critically ill infants and children...
March 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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