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Radiology quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906784/communication-errors-in-radiology-pitfalls-and-how-to-avoid-them
#1
REVIEW
Stephen Waite, Jinel Moore Scott, Ian Drexler, Jennifer Martino, Alan Legasto, Brian Gale, Srinivas Kolla
Communication failures are a common cause of patient harm and malpractice claims against radiologists. In addition to overt communication breakdowns among providers, it is also important to address the quality of communication to optimize patient outcomes. In this review, we describe common communication failures and potential solutions providing a framework for radiologists to improve health care delivery.
June 7, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906582/is-a-unilateral-surgical-approach-effective-in-patients-with-bilateral-leg-pain-with-unilateral-lumbar-disk-herniation-a-prospective-nonrandomized-clinical-and-surgical-study
#2
Fatih Yakar, Murat Zaimoglu, Ihsan Dogan, Batuhan Bakirarar, Umit Eroglu, Cihan Kircil, Onur Ozgural, Melih Ucer, Cemil Kilinc, Altan Demirel, Efe Guner, Melih Bozkurt, Yusuf Sukru Caglar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the surgical results of unilateral lumbar discectomy in patients with bilateral leg pain and discuss short- and long-term outcomes within the limits of lumbar decompression. METHODS: We analyzed 60 patients with unilateral disk herniation who underwent unilateral lumbar discectomy and hemipartial laminectomy between 2014 and 2017. Group 1 (30 patients) had bilateral leg pain and unilateral lumbar disk herniation. Pain lateralization was determined radiologically...
June 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906580/posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-vs-dynamic-hybrid-instrumentation-a-prospective-randomised-clinical-trial
#3
C Herren, M Simons, J Bredow, S Oikonomidis, L Westermann, R Sobottke, M J Scheyerer, M Pishnamaz, P Eysel, K Zarghooni, J Franklin, J Siewe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the radiological and clinical outcomes following lumbar fusion intervention and to compare both, the established posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)-technique and the dynamic hybrid instrumentation ('topping off'). METHODS: In this prospective randomised trial all patients presented with degenerative changes to the lumbar spine (L2-S1) were included and randomised in two groups: patients who underwent the 360°-fusion procedure in PLIF-technique (1, control group) and those patients who underwent fusion surgery with additional hybrid instrumentation (DTO, Zimmer, Inc...
June 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905881/initial-experience-of-endoscopic-radiofrequency-waves-delivery-to-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-stretta-procedure-on-symptomatic-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-post-sleeve-gastrectomy
#4
Nesreen Khidir, Luigi Angrisani, Jowhara Al-Qahtani, Sheraz Abayazeed, Moataz Bashah
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs de novo or intensifies after sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Endoscopic radiofrequency (Stretta) is a minimally invasive, effective tool to treat GERD. However, Stretta safety and efficacy are unknown in patients with GERD after LSG. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Stretta treatment post-LSG GERD, quality of life, and PPI dose up to 6 months. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients' data who underwent Stretta procedure in our center...
June 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905624/a-modified-posterior-c1-c2-fusion-technique-for-the-management-of-traumatic-odontoid-type-ii-fractures-by-using-intraoperative-spinal-navigation-mid-term-results
#5
Basem Ishak, Till Schneider, Valerie Gimmy, Andreas W Unterberg, Karl L Kiening
OBJECTIVES: To assess mid-term safety and efficacy of a modified Goel-Harms technique for the treatment of odontoid instabilities. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective cohort study. SETTING: Urban Level 1 Trauma Center in Southwest Germany. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Orthopaedic and neurosurgical trauma patients older than 18 years admitted for ≤ 24 hours. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was evaluated with respect to neurological outcome, radiological outcome and surgical complications...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904905/mmp-3-in-the-peripheral-serum-as-a-biomarker-of-knee-osteoarthritis-40-years-after-open-total-knee-meniscectomy
#6
Ioannis Pengas, Suzanne Eldridge, Aggelos Assiotis, Michael McNicholas, Joao Espregueira Mendes, Lior Laver
BACKGROUND: To explore potential biomarkers in a meniscectomy-induced knee osteoarthritis model, at forty years after meniscectomy. METHODS: We carried out a forty-year study of 53 patients who, as adolescents, underwent open total meniscectomy and assessed two potential synovial and serum biomarkers, namely glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3). Of the 30 patients available for review, 8 had contralateral knee operations and were excluded...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904028/prognosis-and-follow-up-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
REVIEW
Estrella Fernández Fabrellas, Ricardo Peris Sánchez, Cristina Sabater Abad, Gustavo Juan Samper
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a devastating progressive interstitial lung disease (ILD) with no known cause, is the most common and deadly of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. With a median survival of 3⁻5 years following diagnosis, IPF is characterized by a progressive decline in lung function and quality of life in most patients. Prognostic factors recognized classically that influence mortality include functional, clinical and radiological parameters. However, in recent years, there has also been progress in the knowledge of genetic factors and biomarkers that may be useful in the prognostic evaluation of these patients...
June 14, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903924/detection-and-characteristics-of-temporal-encephaloceles-in-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy
#8
Z M Campbell, J M Hyer, S Lauzon, L Bonilha, M V Spampinato, M Yazdani
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Temporal encephaloceles are increasingly visualized during neuroimaging assessment of individuals with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, and their identification could indicate an intracranial abnormality that may be related to a potential seizure focus. Careful review by an experienced neuroradiologist may yield improved detection of TEs, and other clinical, neurophysiologic, and radiologic findings may predict their presence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were reviewed retrospectively in patients at our institution who were presented at a multidisciplinary conference for refractory epilepsy between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2016...
June 14, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900877/challenges-assessing-radiation-risk-in-image-guided-treatments-implications-on-optimisation-of-radiological-protection
#9
Anja Almén, Charlotta Lundh, Magnus Bath
The present work explores challenges when assessing organ dose and effective dose concerning image-guided treatments. During these treatments considerable x-ray imaging is employed using technically advanced angiographic x-ray equipment. Thus, the radiation dose to organs and the related radiation risk are relatively difficult to assess. This has implications on the optimisation process, in which assessing radiation dose is one important part.
 
 In this study, endovascular aortic repair treatments (EVAR) were investigated...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900651/surgery-in-ovarian-cancer-brazilian-society-of-surgical-oncology-consensus
#10
REVIEW
Audrey Tieko Tsunoda, Reitan Ribeiro, Rosilene Jara Reis, Carlos Eduardo Mattos da Cunha Andrade, Renato Moretti Marques, Glauco Baiocchi, Fabio Fin, Paulo Henrique Zanvettor, Deraldo Falcao, Thales Paulo Batista, Bruno Roberto Braga Azevedo, Gustavo Guitmann, Suzana Arenhart Pessini, João Soares Nunes, Leonardo Martins Campbell, José Clemente Linhares, Felipe José Fernandez Coimbra
Surgical management in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has a significant impact in overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Brazilian Society of Surgical Oncology (BSSO) supported a taskforce with experts for consensus: experienced and specialized trained surgeons, in cancer centers, provide the best EOC surgery. Laparoscopic and/or radiological staging prognosticate the possibility of complete cytoreduction (CC0) and help to reduce unnecessary laparotomies. Surgical techniques were reviewed...
June 14, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898472/mucoid-degeneration-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-characterization-of-natural-history-femoral-notch-width-index-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#11
Andrew J Hotchen, Charis Demetriou, Dennis Edwards, Joel T K Melton
The presentation and clinical course of mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (MD-ACL) are poorly documented within the literature. Subsequently, it is under-diagnosed and the optimal management strategy remains ill-defined. Here, we characterize the syndrome associated with MD-ACL and compare the natural clinical course with the outcomes of arthroscopic management. Thirty-one patients with radiological features of MD-ACL over a 2-year period had their clinical notes retrospectively reviewed...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896896/technical-note-extension-of-cerr-for-computational-radiomics-a-comprehensive-matlab-platform-for-reproducible-radiomics-research
#12
Aditya P Apte, Aditi Iyer, Mireia Crispin-Ortuzar, Rutu Pandya, Lisanne V van Dijk, Emiliano Spezi, Maria Thor, Hyemin Um, Harini Veeraraghavan, Jung Hun Oh, Amita Shukla-Dave, Joseph O Deasy
PURPOSE: Radiomics is a growing field of image quantification, but it lacks stable and high-quality software systems. We extended the capabilities of the Computational Environment for Radiological Research (CERR) to create a comprehensive, open-source, MATLAB-based software platform with an emphasis on reproducibility, speed, and clinical integration of radiomics research. METHOD: The radiomics tools in CERR were designed specifically to quantify medical images in combination with CERR's core functionalities of radiological data import, transformation, management, image segmentation, and visualization...
June 13, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894993/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-interstitial-lung-diseases-best-practice
#13
Sara Colella, Maik Haentschel, Pallav Shah, Venerino Poletti, Jürgen Hetzel
The lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD) represents an important diagnostic step when the clinical and radiological data are insufficient for a firm diagnosis. A growing body of evidence suggests the utility of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) in the diagnostic algorithm of ILD as it allows, compared to transbronchial lung biopsy with conventional forceps, a better identification of complex histological patterns - such as usual interstitial pneumonia - and can provide information which has a clinical impact on the multidisciplinary discussion similar to that provided by surgical lung biopsy...
June 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891263/treatment-design-and-rationale-for-a-randomized-trial-of-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-with-or-without-hippocampal-avoidance-for-sclc-premer-trial-on-behalf-of-the-oncologic-group-for-the-study-of-lung-cancer-spanish-radiation-oncology-group-radiation-oncology
#14
Nuria Rodríguez de Dios, Felipe Couñago, José Luis López, Patricia Calvo, Mauricio Murcia, Mikel Rico, Carmen Vallejo, Javier Luna, Itziar Trueba, Cristina Cigarral, Nuria Farre, Rosa Maria Manero, Xavier Durán, Pilar Samper
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is part of the usual treatment in most patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and response after treatment of the primary tumor. Clinical evidence suggests that radiation dose received by the hippocampus during whole brain radiotherapy might play a role in radiation-induced neurocognitive decline. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a multicenter phase III trial (NCT02397733) randomizing SCLC patients after informed consent, to receive standard PCI treatment or PCI with hippocampus avoidance (PCI-HA) by using intensity modulated radiation therapy or volumetric modulated arc therapy...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889720/decreasing-wait-times-and-increasing-patient-satisfaction-a-lean-six-sigma-approach
#15
Mary Godley, Jeanne B Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction scores in the vascular interventional radiology department were low, especially related to wait times in registration and for tests/treatments, with low scores for intentions to recommend. PURPOSE: The purpose of our quality improvement project was to decrease wait times and improve patient satisfaction using Lean Six Sigma's define, measure, analyze, improve, and control (DMAIC) framework with a pre-/postintervention design. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant decrease in wait times (P < ...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888152/diagnostic-accuracy-of-digital-mammography-in-the-detection-of-breast-cancer
#16
Muhammad Zeeshan, Basit Salam, Qazi Saad B Khalid, Shahbaz Alam, Raza Sayani
Introduction Breast cancer has a high prevalence in the community and places very high demands on resources. Digital mammography provides a good quality image with reduced radiation dose and can detect breast carcinoma in its earlier stages, resulting in good prognosis and improved patient survival. Objective To calculate the diagnostic accuracy of digital mammography in the detection of breast cancer, using histopathology as a gold standard in women aged over 30 years, who are undergoing mammography for screening and diagnostic purposes...
April 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887634/posterior-malleolus-fractures-in-trimalleolar-ankle-fractures-malleolus-versus-transyndesmal-fixation
#17
Bilgehan Tosun, Ozgur Selek, Umit Gok, Halil Ceylan
Background: In ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus, the issue of which types of fractures require posterior malleolus fixation is still controversial. Recent studies have demonstrated that trimalleolar fractures adversely affect the functional outcomes in comparison to bimalleolar fractures of the lateral and medial malleolus. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of posterior malleolus fixation on the functional and radiological outcomes. Materials and Methods: Reduction quality, development of posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis, and functional outcomes in 49 consecutive trimalleolar ankle fractures were evaluated retrospectively in patients with and without posterior malleolus fixation...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887631/management-options-in-avascular-necrosis-of-talus
#18
Mandeep S Dhillon, Balvinder Rana, Inayat Panda, Sandeep Patel, Prasoon Kumar
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the talus can be a cause of significant disability and is a difficult problem to treat. The most common cause is a fracture of the talus. We have done a systematic review of the literature with the following aims: (1) identify and summarize the available evidence in literature for the treatment of talar AVN, (2) define the usefulness of radiological Hawkins sign and magnetic resonance imaging in early diagnosis, and (3) provide patient management guidelines. We searched MEDLINE and PUBMED using keywords and MESH terminology...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887263/intra-arterial-therapies-for-unresectable-and-chemorefractory-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jordan Levy, Jesse Zuckerman, Richard Garfinkle, Sergio A Acuna, Jacynthe Touchette, Tsafrir Vanounou, Jean-Sebastien Pelletier
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM) not amenable to curative liver resection will progress on systemic therapy. Intra-arterial therapies (IAT) including conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE), drug eluting beads (DEB-TACE) and yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y-90) are indicated to prolong survival and palliate symptoms. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the survival benefit and radiologic response of three intra-arterial therapies in patients with chemorefractory and unresectable CRCLM...
June 7, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886165/surgical-versus-non-surgical-management-for-type-ii-odontoid-fractures-in-the-elderly-population-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Deep P Sarode, Andreas K Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Odontoid process fractures, of which type II constitute the majority, are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. The incidence of geriatric type II fractures is steadily increasing in line with the ageing population. However, the decision between surgical and non-surgical intervention for type II fractures in the elderly remains controversial. PURPOSE: To synthesise the current published literature comparing outcomes following surgical and non-surgical interventions for type II odontoid fractures in the elderly population (≥65 years old)...
June 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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