keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical Chemistry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541354/azaporphyrin-phosphorus-v-complexes-synthesis-structure-and-modification-of-optical-properties
#1
Taniyuki Furuyama, Nagao Kobayashi
Azaporphyrinoids, such as phthalocyanines (Pcs), tetraazaporphyrins (TAPs), and tetrabenzotriazacorroles (TBCs), are some of the most well-known and successful artificial dyes and pigments in modern material chemistry. Modifications of the macrocyclic core, periphery, and central element have attracted a great deal of interest in materials sciences due to generation of unique optical and electronic properties. However, the synthesis of most azaporphyrinoids with novel physical properties generally needs long, tedious procedures...
May 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537383/emerging-droplet-microfluidics
#2
Luoran Shang, Yao Cheng, Yuanjin Zhao
Droplet microfluidics generates and manipulates discrete droplets through immiscible multiphase flows inside microchannels. Due to its remarkable advantages, droplet microfluidics bears significant value in an extremely wide range of area. In this review, we provide a comprehensive and in-depth insight into droplet microfluidics, covering fundamental research from microfluidic chip fabrication and droplet generation to the applications of droplets in bio(chemical) analysis and materials generation. The purpose of this review is to convey the fundamentals of droplet microfluidics, a critical analysis on its current status and challenges, and opinions on its future development...
May 24, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533633/photolithography-free-laser-patterned-hf-acid-resistant-chromium-polyimide-mask-for-rapid-fabrication-of-microfluidic-systems-in-glass
#3
Konstantin O Zamuruyev, Yuriy Zrodnikov, Cristina E Davis
Excellent chemical and physical properties of glass, over a range of operating conditions, make it a preferred material for chemical detection systems in analytical chemistry, biology, and the environmental sciences. However, it is often compromised with SU8, PDMS, or Parylene materials due to the sophisticated mask preparation requirements for wet etching of glass. Here, we report our efforts toward developing a photolithography-free laser-patterned hydrofluoric acid-resistant chromium-polyimide tape mask for rapid prototyping of microfluidic systems in glass...
January 2017: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering: Structures, Devices, and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533376/b12-dependent-photoresponsive-protein-hydrogels-for-controlled-stem-cell-protein-release
#4
Ri Wang, Zhongguang Yang, Jiren Luo, I-Ming Hsing, Fei Sun
Thanks to the precise control over their structural and functional properties, genetically engineered protein-based hydrogels have emerged as a promising candidate for biomedical applications. Given the growing demand for creating stimuli-responsive "smart" hydrogels, here we show the synthesis of entirely protein-based photoresponsive hydrogels by covalently polymerizing the adenosylcobalamin (AdoB12)-dependent photoreceptor C-terminal adenosylcobalamin binding domain (CarHC) proteins using genetically encoded SpyTag-SpyCatcher chemistry under mild physiological conditions...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532214/how-active-mechanics-and-regulatory-biochemistry-combine-to-form-patterns-in-development
#5
Peter Gross, K Vijay Kumar, Stephan W Grill
The development of organisms starting from their zygotic state involves a tight integration of the myriad biochemical signaling interactions with the mechanical forces that eventually pattern and shape the resulting embryo. In the past decade, it has become increasingly evident that several important developmental processes involve mechanical forces in an essential manner. In this review, we highlight the multifaceted role of mechanics in pattern formation, from protein and cell sorting to the generation of tissue shape...
May 22, 2017: Annual Review of Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532078/enhancement-of-fibroblast-growing-on-the-mannosylated-surface-of-cellulose-membranes
#6
Simone Birkheur, Paula Cristina de Sousa Faria-Tischer, Cesar A Tischer, Elisângela Flávia Pimentel, Marcio Fronza, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Anna Paola Butera, Renato Márcio Ribeiro-Viana
Bacterial cellulose membrane is a biomaterial with high value in the biomedical field. Many groups have been making efforts to promote chemical modifications of its structure and, consequently, add new characteristics. Recently, our group has developed a methodology to insert monoester succinic acid in bacterial cellulose membrane without disrupting the microfibril network and bind a protein on it. Considering the role of carbohydrates in the molecular recognition process in biological events, we continued these studies by inserting covalently multiples copies of aryl monosaccharide to bacterial cellulose succinylated and to study the in vitro tissue compatibility using fibroblasts...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531951/identifying-and-quantifying-geochemical-and-mixing-processes-in-the-matanza-riachuelo-aquifer-system-argentina
#7
S Armengol, M Manzano, S A Bea, S Martínez
The Matanza-Riachuelo River Basin, in the Northeast of the Buenos Aires Province, is one of the most industrialized and populated region in Argentina and it is worldwide known for its alarming environmental degradation. In order to prevent further damages, the aquifer system, which consists of two overlaid aquifers, is being monitored from 2008 by the river basin authority, Autoridad de la Cuenca Matanza-Riachuelo. The groundwater chemical baseline has been established in a previous paper (Zabala et al., 2016), and this one is devoted to the identification of the main physical and hydrogeochemical processes that control groundwater chemistry and its areal distribution...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531816/predicted-phototoxicities-of-carbon-nano-material-by-quantum-mechanical-calculations
#8
Don Betowski
The purpose of this research was to develop a predictive model for the phototoxicity potential of carbon nanomaterials (fullerenols and single-walled carbon nanotubes). This model is based on the quantum mechanical (ab initio) calculations on these carbon-based materials and comparison of the triplet excited states of these materials to published work relating phototoxicity of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to their predictive triplet excited state energy. A successful outcome will add another tool to the arsenal of predictive methods for the U...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530197/green-fabricated-cuo-nanobullets-via-olea-europaea-leaf-extract-shows-auspicious-antimicrobial-potential
#9
Qaisar Maqbool, Sidra Iftikhar, Mudassar Nazar, Fazal Abbas, Asif Saleem, Talib Hussain, Rizwan Kausar, Sadaf Anwaar, Nyla Jabeen
In present investigation, copper oxide (CuO) nanostructures have been prepared via green chemistry. Olea europaea leaf extract act as strong chelating agent for tailoring physical as well as bio-medical characteristics of CuO at the nano-size. Physical characterisation such as scanning electron microscope analysis depicts the formation of homogenised spherical shape nanoparticles (NPs) with average size of 42 nm. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy further confirmed the crystalline pure phase and monoclinic structure...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529763/characterisation-of-a-novel-poly-ether-ether-ketone-calcium-sulphate-composite-for-bone-augmentation
#10
Erik A B Hughes, Liam M Grover
BACKGROUND: Calcium sulphate (CS) has been used in bone grafting since the 1800s. It has not replaced autograft as the gold standard, however, since its dissolution occurs rapidly in bodily fluids, meaning that the material cannot support long-term bone growth. Here, the polymer poly (ether ether ketone) (PEEK) was used to slow dissolution in in vitro physiological environments and augment the mechanical properties of the material. METHODS: PEEK/CS specimens were fabricated by combining powders of PEEK and CS with water, resulting in a hardening paste...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527981/an-identification-of-the-soft-polyelectrolyte-gel-like-layer-on-silica-colloids-using-atomic-force-and-electron-microscopy
#11
Jiří Škvarla, Juraj Škvarla
A procedure is introduced for measuring the radius of spherical colloid particles from the curvature of upper parts of their central cross-sectional profiles obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM). To minimize the possible compression and displacement of the spheres, AFM is operated in a mode rendering a constant ultralow pN force on the tip. The procedure allows us to evaluate the mean radius of nearly monodisperse submicrometer spheres of silica in their natively hydrated state in aqueous electrolyte solutions, irrespective of whether they are coagulated or not...
May 16, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527356/exceptional-release-kinetics-and-cytotoxic-selectivity-of-oxidised-mwcnts-double-functionalised-with-doxorubicin-and-prostate-homing-peptide
#12
Vedran Milosavljevic, Ludmila Krejcova, Roman Guran, Hana Buchtelova, Dorota Wawrzak, Lukas Richtera, Zbynek Heger, Pavel Kopel, Vojtech Adam
Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are among the frequently studied carbon materials, particularly because of their physical and chemical properties and high potential for application in materials chemistry, industry, and medicine. MWCNTs are very promising as transporters of bioactive molecules because of their π electrons and large surface area, which can be easily modified, mostly by the application of inorganic acids for the introduction of carboxylic moieties on the surface. In the present study, we designed an oxidised MWCNTs (oMWCNTs) transporter for the targeted delivery of doxorubicin (Dox)...
May 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524920/towards-stoichiometric-analogues-of-graphene-graphane-fluorographene-graphol-graphene-acid-and-others
#13
REVIEW
Martin Pumera, Zdeněk Sofer
Stoichiometric derivatives of graphene, having well-defined chemical structure and well-defined chemical bonds, are of a great interest to the 2D materials research. Hydrogenated graphene (graphene), fluorographene, hydroxygraphene (graphol), thiographene, cyanographene, aminographene, graphene acid pose unique and well defined chemical and physical properties, allowing their further transformation and application in the devices. Here we overview various methods of their synthesis and discuss their chemistry and properties...
May 19, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524916/facile-fabrication-of-highly-controllable-gating-systems-based-on-the-combination-of-inverse-opal-structure-and-dynamic-covalent-chemistry
#14
Chen Wang, Haowei Yang, Li Tian, Shiqiang Wang, Ning Gao, Wanlin Zhang, Peng Wang, Xianpeng Yin, Guangtao Li
A three-dimensional (3D) inverse opal with periodic and porous structures has shown great potential for applications not only in optics and optoelectronics, but also in functional membranes. In this work, the benzaldehyde group was initially introduced into a 3D nanoporous inverse opal, serving as a platform for fabricating functional membranes. By employing the dynamic covalent approach, a highly controllable gating system was facilely fabricated to achieve modulable and reversible transport features. It was found that the physical/chemical properties and pore size of the gating system could easily be regulated through post-modification with amines...
May 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523724/paul-hagenmuller
#15
Michel Pouchard
Paul Hagenmuller, honorary professor at the Université de Bordeaux, passed away at the age of 95 on January 7, 2017. Hagenmuller was one of the founders of solid-state chemistry at the interface between chemistry, physics, and material science, with contributions including high oxidation states in transition metal oxides, magnesium hydride for hydrogen-storage applications, and synthesis of copper perovskites.
May 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518205/self-assembly-of-amphiphilic-tripeptides-with-sequence-dependent-nanostructure
#16
Jugal Kishore Sahoo, Calvin Nazareth, Michael A VandenBerg, Matthew J Webber
Supramolecular chemistry enables the creation of a diversity of nanostructures and materials. Many of these have been explored for applications as biomaterials and therapeutics. Among them, self-assembling peptides have been broadly applied. The structural diversity afforded from the library of amino acid building blocks has enabled control of emergent properties across length-scales. Here, we report on a family of amphiphilic tripeptides with sequence-controlled nanostructure. By altering one amino acid in these peptides, we can produce a diversity of nanostructures with different aspect-ratio and geometry...
May 18, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509084/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-homozygous-frameshift-mutation-in-the-mtmr2-gene-as-a-causative-mutation-in-a-patient-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-4b1
#17
Tameemi Abdalla-Moady, Amir Peleg, Orit Sadeh, Khader Badarneh, Fuad Fares
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease refers to a heterogeneous group of axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathies, characterized by chronic motor and sensory dysfunction. CMT is the most common genetic cause of neuropathy. The present study aimed to identify the gene mutation responsible for CMT in Ashkenazi Jew (AJ) patient. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood leukocytes of affected family and normal subject. Whole-exome sequencing was performed using the Illumina HiSeq2500. The DNA region containing the identified mutation was amplified by PCR and sequenced using dye-terminator chemistry and the forward primer...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508080/direct-quantitative-measurement-of-the-c%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-h-c-bond-by-atomic-force-microscopy
#18
Shigeki Kawai, Tomohiko Nishiuchi, Takuya Kodama, Peter Spijker, Rémy Pawlak, Tobias Meier, John Tracey, Takashi Kubo, Ernst Meyer, Adam S Foster
The hydrogen atom-the smallest and most abundant atom-is of utmost importance in physics and chemistry. Although many analysis methods have been applied to its study, direct observation of hydrogen atoms in a single molecule remains largely unexplored. We use atomic force microscopy (AFM) to resolve the outermost hydrogen atoms of propellane molecules via very weak C═O⋅⋅⋅H-C hydrogen bonding just before the onset of Pauli repulsion. The direct measurement of the interaction with a hydrogen atom paves the way for the identification of three-dimensional molecules such as DNAs and polymers, building the capabilities of AFM toward quantitative probing of local chemical reactivity...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506559/a-novel-electron-mirror-pulse-compressor
#19
M Mankos, K Shadman, B J Siwick
An electron mirror-based pulse compressor design has been developed for improving the temporal resolution of dynamic/ultrafast transmission electron microscopes and ultrafast electron diffraction cameras. The improvement will enable electron microscopes and diffraction cameras to better resolve the dynamics of reactions in the areas of solid state physics, chemistry, and biology. The design utilizes a combination of mirror optics and a magnetic beam separator, which exploits the symmetry inherent in reversing the electron trajectory in the mirror in order to compress the pulse...
May 10, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502496/minimal-food-effect-for-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-bioavailability-from-omega-3-acid-ethyl-esters-with-an-advanced-lipid-technologies-tm-alt-%C3%A2-based-formulation
#20
Miguel A Lopez-Toledano, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Ahmed A Daak, Kevin C Maki, Colleen Johns, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Frederick D Sancilio
BACKGROUND: The absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) omega-3-acid ethyl esters (EEs) is influenced by food. There is a need for a formulation of EE that is less impacted by food effect. SC401 is a novel Advanced Lipid Technologies-based formulation of EPA-EE and DHA-EE. In the presence of an aqueous medium, Advanced Lipid Technologies forms stable micelles in situ independent of bile salt secretion. This effect is hypothesized to improve EPA-EE and DHA-EE bioavailability while it helps mitigate the food effect associated with their consumption...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
keyword
keyword
86147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"