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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914433/platelet-transfusion-refractoriness-after-t-cell-replete-haploidentical-transplantation-is-associated-with-inferior-clinical-outcomes
#1
Qiang Fu, Lanping Xu, Xiaohui Zhang, Yu Wang, Yingjun Chang, Kaiyan Liu, Xiaojun Huang
Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) has been an alternative source of bone marrow for patients without human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) and clinical outcomes in the setting of haplo-SCT. Between May 2012 and March 2014, 345 patients who underwent unmanipulated haplo-SCT were retrospectively enrolled. PTR occurred in 20.6% of all patients. Patients in the PTR group experienced higher transplant-related mortality (TRM, 43...
September 13, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902964/plasmatic-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-healthy-and-otostrongylus-affected-northern-elephant-seals-mirounga-angustirostris
#2
Sarrah Kaye, Shawn Johnson, Carlos Rios, Daniel J Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Prepatent Otostrongylus arteritis results in hemorrhagic diathesis in free-ranging Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) attributed to aberrant larval migration of the lungworm, Otostrongylus circumlitus. Clinical signs are often nonspecific, including lethargy, anorexia, and blepharospasm, but can progress to spontaneous frank hemorrhage and death within 72 hours of onset. Previously published case reports describe coagulopathy with prolonged PT and APTT, normal to elevated platelet counts, normal antithrombin concentrations, and low concentrations of fibrinogen degradation products...
September 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895658/laparoscopic-and-robotic-assisted-versus-open-radical-prostatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-localised-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Dragan Ilic, Sue M Evans, Christie Ann Allan, Jae Hung Jung, Declan Murphy, Mark Frydenberg
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is commonly diagnosed in men worldwide. Surgery, in the form of radical prostatectomy, is one of the main forms of treatment for men with localised prostate cancer. Prostatectomy has traditionally been performed as open surgery, typically via a retropubic approach. The advent of laparoscopic approaches, including robotic-assisted, provides a minimally invasive alternative to open radical prostatectomy (ORP). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy or robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy compared to open radical prostatectomy in men with localised prostate cancer...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885364/comparison-of-laparoscopic-assisted-radical-vaginal-hysterectomy-and-abdominal-radical-hysterectomy-in-patients-with-early-stage-cervical-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#4
Sichen Zhang, Linlin Ma, Qing Wei Meng, Dan Zhou, Tuerhongayi Moyiding
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the safety and survival outcomes of early stage cervical cancer patients treated by laparoscopically assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy (LARVH) versus abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH). METHODS: Since March 2008 to July 2012, the patients with early stage cervical cancer undergoing LARVH or ARH in Beijing hospital have been entered into this study. Statistical analysis used Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) and significance was defined as P < ...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880842/current-misconceptions-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-iron-deficiency
#5
REVIEW
Manuel Muñoz, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, Martin Besser, José Pavía, Fernando Gomollón, Giancarlo M Liumbruno, Sunil Bhandari, Mercé Cladellas, Aryeh Shander, Michael Auerbach
The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal. Challenges in the treatment of iron deficiency include finding and addressing the underlying cause and the selection of an iron replacement product which meets the needs of the patient. However, there are a number of non-evidence-based misconceptions regarding the diagnosis and management of iron deficiency, with or without anaemia, as well as inconsistency of terminology and lack of clear guidance on clinical pathways. In particular, the pathogenesis of iron deficiency is still frequently not addressed and iron not replaced, with indiscriminate red cell transfusion used as a default therapy...
September 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878112/artificial-neural-network-to-modeling-zero-inflated-count-data-application-to-predicting-number-of-return-to-blood-donation
#6
Shima Haghani, Morteza Sedehi, Soleiman Kheiri
BACKGROUND: Traditional statistical models often are based on certain presuppositions and limitations that may not presence in actual data and lead to turbulence in estimation or prediction. In these situations, artificial neural networks (ANNs) could be suitable alternative rather than classical statistical methods. STUDY DESIGN:  A prospective cohort study. METHODS: The study was conducted in Shahrekord Blood Transfusion Center, Shahrekord, central Iran, on blood donors from 2008-2009...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865444/application-of-postoperative-autotransfusion-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-reduces-allogeneic-blood-requirements-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Weiping Ji, Xianfeng Lin, Ruoxia Zhang, Pan Tang, Jian Mo, Xinyi Teng, Qiuping Fan, Bo Wang, Shunwu Fan, Jianfeng Zhang, Shuai Chen, Kangmao Huang
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty is associated with significant blood loss and often requires blood transfusion. However, allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) may lead to severe problems, such as immunoreaction and infection. Postoperative autotransfusion, an alternative to ABT, is controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the ability of postoperative autotransfusion to reduce the need for ABT following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Systematic literature searches for randomized controlled trials were performed using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library until February 2016...
September 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862718/clinical-impact-of-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-in-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-critically-ill-patients
#8
Maria Huguet, Lida Rodas, Miquel Blasco, Luis F Quintana, Jordi Mercadal, Jose T Ortiz-Pérez, Irene Rovira, Esteban Poch
BACKGROUND: Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is being used increasingly in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) as a safer alternative to heparin. However, complex metabolic control to avoid side effects have generated discrepancies about its introduction into everyday practice. We aimed to compare both anticoagulation techniques in terms of efficacy, safety and feasibility. METHODS: Observational retrospective study performed in 3 specialized ICUs in patients receiving CVVHDF with RCA between January 2013 and May 2016...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859655/management-of-large-renal-stones-laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-versus-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#9
Yunjin Bai, Yin Tang, Lan Deng, Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Jia Wang, Ping Han
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) remains the standard procedure for large (≥2 cm) renal calculi; however, laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) can be used as an alternative management procedure. The aim of present study was to compare LPL and PCNL in terms of efficacy and safety for the management of large renal pelvic stones. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Jan 2016 using electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and EMBASE) to identify relevant studies for the meta-analysis...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859032/successful-reduced-intensity-conditioning-alternate-donor-stem-cell-transplant-for-wiskott-aldrich-syndrome
#10
Dhwanee Thakkar, Satyendra Katewa, Neha Rastogi, Shruti Kohli, Sagar Nivargi, Satya P Yadav
There are very few reports of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) with alternate donor for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and there is no report of RIC with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in WAS. There is only 1 report of T cell receptor αβ and CD19-depleted haploidentical HSCT for WAS. Here we report successful outcome in 3 children with WAS who underwent successful RIC alternate donor HSCT of whom 2 (matched unrelated donor and T-cell replete haploidentical) received PTCy and 1 underwent T cell receptor αβ and CD19-depleted haploidentical HSCT...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858908/robotic-assisted-radical-hysterectomy-results-in-better-surgical-outcomes-compared-with-the-traditional-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-cancer
#11
Ji-Chan Nie, An-Qi Yan, Xi-Shi Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy (RRH) with traditional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer in a large retrospective cohort of a total of 933 patients. METHODS: We have enrolled 100 patients into the RRH and 833 patients into the TLRH group. The surgical outcomes include operating time, blood loss, transfusion rate, pelvic lymph node yield, hospitalization days, duration of bowel function recovery, catheter removal before and after 3 weeks, conversion to laparotomy, and intraoperative and postoperative complications...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858139/platelet-derived-microvesicles-a-potential-therapy-for-trauma-induced-coagulopathy
#12
Ernesto Lopez, Amit K Srivastava, Shibani Pati, John B Holcomb, Charles E Wade
Trauma patients are often affected by a hypocoagulable condition referred as trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) for which few therapeutic options exist. One available treatment is fresh platelets transfusion, although, It is not efficacious enough and it has a number of limitations; therefore, we reviewed the literature to propose an alternative therapy based on platelet-derived microvesicles (PMVs), which are cellular fragments surrounded by extracellular membrane and filled with cytoplasmic content. This concept is supported by a large number of studies in which the hypercoagulable role of PMVs has been demonstrated and associated with thrombosis-related conditions...
August 29, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855584/non-equilibrium-inertial-separation-array-for-high-throughput-large-volume-blood-fractionation
#13
Baris R Mutlu, Kyle C Smith, Jon F Edd, Priyanka Nadar, Mcolisi Dlamini, Ravi Kapur, Mehmet Toner
Microfluidic blood processing is used in a range of applications from cancer therapeutics to infectious disease diagnostics. As these applications are being translated to clinical use, processing larger volumes of blood in shorter timescales with high-reliability and robustness is becoming a pressing need. In this work, we report a scaled, label-free cell separation mechanism called non-equilibrium inertial separation array (NISA). The NISA mechanism consists of an array of islands that exert a passive inertial lift force on proximate cells, thus enabling gentler manipulation of the cells without the need of physical contact...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854078/changes-in-treatment-patterns-and-incremental-health-care-utilization-due-to-p2y12-associated-complications-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
Ami Vyas, Lori D Bash, Mehul D Patel, Ross J Simpson
BACKGROUND: P2Y12 antiplatelet therapy (APT) is highly efficacious in reducing the incidence of ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, it is associated with several adverse complications. Data on P2Y12-associated complications and adherence to APT are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics, frequency of P2Y12-associated complications, adherence and persistence to P2Y12 APT, and health care utilization among ACS patients on P2Y12 APT...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852530/multidisciplinary-approach-to-manage-antenatally-suspected-placenta-percreta-updated-algorithm-and-patient-outcomes
#15
Paula S Lee, Samantha Kempner, Michael Miller, Jennifer Dominguez, Chad Grotegut, Jessie Ehrisman, Rebecca Previs, Laura J Havrilesky, Gloria Broadwater, Sarah C Ellestad, Angeles Alvarez Secord
BACKGROUND: Due to the significant morbidity and mortality associated with placenta percreta, alternative management options are needed. Beginning in 2005, our institution implemented a multidisciplinary strategy to patients with suspected placenta percreta. The purpose of this study is to present our current strategy, maternal morbidity and outcomes of patients treated by our approach. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, a retrospective cohort study of patients with suspected placenta percreta at an academic tertiary care institution was performed...
2017: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845937/-laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-for-staghorn-kidney-stones-multi-center-study
#16
A D Kochkin, E A Gallyamov, V L Medvedev, R G Biktimirov, A G Martov, F A Sevryukov, A B Novikov, A E Sanzharov, V P Sergeev
AIM: To analyze the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LP) in treating staghorn stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicentre retrospective analysis of the results of LP performed from January 2004 to December 2016 was conducted. INCLUSION CRITERIA: patients with staghorn calculi K3-K4, who underwent LP as an alternative to percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. The analysis included the incidence and structure of intra- and postoperative complications, the causes of access conversion, operating time, duration of postoperative hospital stay and stone clearance...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833456/bivalirudin-versus-heparin-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-transcatheter-aortic-valve-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Pedro A Villablanca, Rasha Al-Bawardy, Divyanshu Mohananey, Carola Maraboto, Michael Weinreich, Tanush Gupta, David F Briceno, Harish Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Bivalirudin may be an effective anticoagulation alternative to heparin as anticoagulant agent in percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve interventions (PAVI). We aimed to compare safety and efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin as the procedural anticoagulant agent in patients undergoing PAVI. METHODS: We conducted an electronic database search of all published data. The primary efficacy endpoints were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827053/bilateral-simultaneous-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-versus-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-the-amount-of-blood-loss-and-transfusion-perioperative-complications-hospital-stay-and-functional-recovery
#18
J H Ahn, D M Kang, K J Choi
BACKGROUND: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a good alternative treatment option to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for single compartment knee osteoarthritis. Several recent reports suggest that UKA results in more rapid functional recovery than TKA, together with fewer complications. Few performed a comparison of bilateral simultaneous UKA and unilateral TKA. HYPOTHESIS: Bilateral simultaneous UKA would result in fewer perioperative complications, less blood loss, less transfusion and faster recovery of short-term clinical outcomes, compared with unilateral TKA patients...
August 5, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822733/-blood-transfusion-to-pre-term-neonates-what-is-new-in-the-french-guidelines-since-2002
#19
G Favrais, B Wibaut, P Pladys, E Saliba
This document updates the "Guidelines for the Administration of Blood Products: Transfusion of Infants and Neonates" published in 2002 by the French National Authority for Health (HAS). In doing so, it acknowledges changes in transfusion practices during the past decade, particularly with respect to safety issues and additional published transfusion-related guidelines. The major modifications concern irregular agglutinin screening indications before 4 months of age, a limitation of blood irradiation, and a non-recommendation for systematically checking for cytomegalovirus status...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816806/autologous-blood-transfusion-for-postpartum-hemorrhage
#20
Julia A Greenawalt, Denise Zernell
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States and globally. Although the rate of PPH is generally decreasing nationally, severity of PPH appears to be increasing, potentially related to the various comorbidities associated with women of childbearing age. There is increasing evidence of risks associated with allogeneic blood transfusion, which has historically been the classic therapeutic approach for treatment to PPH. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to the implications of sensitization to red cell antigens, a common sequela to allogenic blood transfusion...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
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