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Pulmonary embolus

Jacob C Easaw, Susan McCall, Adrian Azim
Stable cancer patients diagnosed with a pulmonary embolus or deep vein thrombosis are commonly referred to the emergency department for management. This practice strains an already overburdened emergency department and is associated with long wait times and poor disease/injection education for patients. This pilot study sought to determine if stable cancer patients with newly diagnosed cancer-associated thrombosis could be effectively managed by community-based pharmacists who followed an evidence-based protocol to prescribe and initiate low-molecular weight heparin therapy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Yongzheng Wang, Haiyang Chang, Wujie Wang, Wei Wang, Bin Liu, Zheng Li, Yuliang Li
RATIONALE: Pulmonary embolization is a life-threatening condition. The deployment of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is the first choice for preventing embolus from the lower extremity. However, IVC filter complications are rare but not to be neglected. Penetration of the arterial wall may result in catastrophic damages. This case report describes a woman who suffered from retroperitoneal hemorrhage after placement of an IVC filter due to a pulmonary embolization. Her filter was found to have penetrated the right lumbar artery and caused the massive bleeding...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Muhammad Saad, Danial H Shaikh, Muhammad Adrish
RATIONALE: Pulmonary embolism can manifest by a myriad of clinical symptoms. High grade fever is a rare presentation of thromboembolic phenomenon. PATIENT CONCERNS: A middle aged woman presented with high grade fevers. DIAGNOSES: Patient remained febrile despite broad spectrum antibiotics. All cultures were negative. CT angiogram of the chest was done, eliciting a large saddle embolus. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) was administered and subsequently started on anticoagulation...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Steve M Nelson, Steven H Craig
Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition treated with anticoagulation and systemic thrombolysis when appropriate. In patients with contraindications to thrombolysis, catheter-directed thrombolysis may be considered. Here, we present a patient with massive pulmonary embolus and 3 contraindications to systemic thrombolysis who was successfully treated with pharmacomechanical thrombolysis using the Ekosonic Endovascular System.
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Michael Chavarria, Larry Lutwick, Bonny L Dickinson
Mycobacterium celatum is a slow-growing, non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) and a rare cause of infection in humans. Infection occurs primarily by inhalation or direct inoculation from environmental sources, and this pathogen has been reported to cause localized infections in the lungs and lymph nodes of both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients, and disseminated disease in immunocompromised patients. Here, we present a case of pulmonary infection with M. celatum in an immunocompetent 68-year-old male with clinical features similar to tuberculosis...
2018: IDCases
Elizabeth A Krupinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Radiology
Zhaoshun Yuan, Yangzhao Zhou, Xinmin Zhou, Xiaobo Liao
Cement pulmonary embolism (cPE) and inferior vena cava embolism (cIE) are rare but potentially life-threatening complications of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). Most cPE and cIE occur simultaneously. In this case, a 65-year-old woman complained of dyspnea after PVP for 4 days. The patient's symptom and image tests manifested that the cPE was secondary to cIE. Even though the cIE was found on the first day after PVP, local surgeons treated the patient with a regular anticoagulant instead of more effective therapeutic measures...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Anita Vijapura, Harlan B Levine, Michele Donato, Mark A Hartzband, Melissa Baker, Gregg R Klein
The immunosuppressive regimens required for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation predispose recipients to complications, including avascular necrosis. Cancer-related comorbidities, immunosuppression, and poor bone quality theoretically increase the risk for perioperative medical complications, infection, and implant-related complications in total joint arthroplasty. This study reviewed 20 primary total hip arthroplasties for avascular necrosis in 14 patients. Outcomes were assessed at routine clinical visits and Harris hip scores were calculated...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
Zhaoshun Yuan, Yangzhao Zhou, Xinmin Zhou, Xiaobo Liao
Cement pulmonary embolism (cPE) and inferior vena cava embolism (cIE) are rare but potentially life-threatening complications of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). Most cPE and cIE occured simultaneously. In this case, a 65-year-old woman complained of dyspnea after PVP for 4 days. Patient's symptom and image tests manifest that the cPE was secondary to cIE. Even though cIE was found at the first day after PVP, the local surgeons treat the patient with a regular anticoagulant without another more effective therapeutic measure...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
R F Relich, B H Schmitt, H Raposo, L Barker, S J Blosser, M May
To date, at least 50 species of Legionella have been described. These organisms are ubiquitous in nature and have been isolated from diverse ecological environments, including man-made structures such as cooling towers and spas. Legionellae have also been isolated from human and veterinary clinical specimens, and their roles in disease are well-established. In this report, we describe the isolation of a novel Legionella species from a respiratory specimen from a patient with influenza and suspected pulmonary embolus...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Khalid Najib, Mark Heckle, Sameh Goubran, Rhadika Mehta, Rohan Goswami, Rami N Khouzam
A paradoxical embolism is defined as a systemic arterial embolus due to passage of a venous thrombus through a right to left shunt. We describe a case of acute cerebral vascular accident (CVA), right subclavian arterial embolus, and pulmonary emboli in the setting of a large patent foramen ovale (PFO). A 74-year-old woman with multiple comorbidities presented to the emergency department with acute onset of shortness of breath, weakness, and right arm pain. She was found to have bilateral pulmonary emboli, left CVA, and a right subclavian arterial embolus on computed tomography (CT)...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Marco D Huesch, Rekha Cherian, Sam Labib, Rickhesvar Mahraj
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the variability of language in free text reports of pulmonary embolus (PE) studies and to gauge the informativeness of free text to predict PE diagnosis using machine learning as proxy for human understanding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 1,133 consecutive chest CTs with contrast studies performed under a PE protocol and ordered in the emergency department in 2016 were selected from our departmental electronic workflow system...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Kang Lu, Mingtao Xu, Wei Li, Kai Wang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism is a common complication of orthopedic surgery. However, the exact component and risk factor responsible for this complication remains unelucidated. This study aimed to detect the origin of the pulmonary embolus and identify relevant risk factors of pulmonary embolism in total knee replacement. METHODS: A total of 40 osteoarthritis patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA were recruited into this study. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was utilized to dynamically monitor the embolism...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Neal Bhutiani, Christopher M Jones, Robert M Cannon, David Wei, Laura Goldstein, Sanjoy Roy, Prejesh Philips, Charles R Scoggins, Kelly M McMasters, Robert Cg Martin
INTRODUCTION: Peri-operative complications impose both a clinical and financial burden on patients and the healthcare system. This study sought to identify the frequency and economic impact of complications following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: The Premier PerspectiveĀ® Hospital Database was queried for patients undergoing OLT between 2008 and 2015. Complications were identified by ICD-9 code and grouped by complication type. Complication frequency as well as impact on clinical and economic outcomes was calculated...
January 24, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Colin P Ryan, Nicolas J Mouawad, Patrick S Vaccaro, Michael R Go
Controversies in the treatment of venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS) have been discussed for decades, but still persist. Calls for more objective reporting standards have pushed practice towards comprehensive venous evaluations and interventions after first rib resection (FRR) for all patients. In our practice, we have relied on patient-centered, patient-reported outcomes to guide adjunctive treatment and measure success. Thus, we sought to investigate the use of thrombolysis versus anticoagulation alone, timing of FRR following thrombolysis, post-FRR venous intervention, and FRR for McCleery syndrome (MCS) and their impact on patient symptoms and return to function...
January 23, 2018: Diagnostics
Daniel Sagalovich, Rollin Say, Jihad Kaouk, Reza Mehrazin
With the emergence of evidence that venous thromboembolisms (VTE) typically occurs following discharge after urologic pelvic surgery, the focus on extended VTE prophylaxis has intensified. Urologists should have a comprehensive understanding of various VTE risk factors in order to weigh the risk of postoperative hemorrhage with the possibility of fatal pulmonary embolus. Risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, and active malignancy are especially common in patient's undergoing urologic pelvic surgery, and thus this issue becomes particularly relevant to the practicing urologist...
January 11, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Keith J Ruskin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus are major causes of hospital-related morbidity and mortality, and are recognized as complications in patients with traumatic injury. Despite the significant morbidity and mortality associated with DVTs, prophylaxis and treatment are still not well understood and remain the subject of research and debate. RECENT FINDINGS: Elements of the patient's history and physical examination, along with thromboelastography, can be used to predict patients who are at greatest risk of DVT and venous thromboembolism (VTE)...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
David A Crosby, Kevin Ryan, Niall McEniff, Patrick Dicker, Carmen Regan, Caoimhe Lynch, Bridgette Byrne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism remains one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world. Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have a role in the prevention of lethal pulmonary emboli when anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed [1]. It is unclear whether or not the physiological changes in pregnancy influence efficacy and complications of these devices. The decision to place an IVC filter in pregnancy is complex and there is limited information in terms of benefit and risk to the mother...
March 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Samanthi De Silva
Mr GW is a 77-year-old gentleman who is hoping to have a total knee replacement of his left knee. He underwent a knee replacement on the right in 2011 under spinal anaesthetic, where his postoperative period was complicated by a saddle pulmonary embolus (PE).
April 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Christof T Kaltenmeier, Young Erben, Jeffrey Indes, Alfred Lee, Alan Dardik, Timur Sarac, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar
OBJECTIVE: May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is increasingly recognized as a frequent source of leg swelling and a precipitating factor for venous thromboembolism. This paper is a systematic review of the English literature on MTS with an analysis focusing on gender differences in presentation and treatment. METHODS: A systematic review of the English literature between April 1967 and December 2014 was performed using the following terms: "May-Thurner syndrome," "Cockett syndrome," and "iliac vein compression syndrome...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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