keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pulmonary embolus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742015/topical-tranexamic-acid-reduces-transfusion-rates-in-simultaneous-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-case-series
#1
Christopher Kim, Sam S Park, Herman S Dhotar, Anthony V Perruccio, Michael G Zywiel, J Roderick Davey
BACKGROUND: Topical tranexamic acid (TA) has been reported to be effective in reducing postoperative bleeding and transfusions after TKA. The main objective of this study was to retrospectively assess the effectiveness and safety of topical TA administration in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of consecutive cohorts of patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKA. We compared the patients who received TA with patients from a similar time frame who did not receive TA...
August 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728745/early-readmissions-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#2
Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Hannah Shufflebotham, Luke Brindley, Tamseel Fatima, Adrian Shufflebotham, Diane Barker, Ashish Pawala, Grant Heatlie, Mamas A Mamas
This study aims to evaluate the rate, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions in a single tertiary hospital in the United Kingdom. We conducted a retrospective study of all patients admitted between 2012 and 2014 with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, who were in the Myocardial Infarction National Audit Project register. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, care received, and in-hospital mortality were collected. Rates of 30-day readmission and causes of readmission were evaluated. Univariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of all-cause, cardiac, and noncardiac readmission...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687687/use-of-low-dose-thrombolytics-for-treatment-of-intracardiac-thrombus-and-massive-pulmonary-embolus-after-aborted-liver-transplant-leads-to-recovery-of-right-ventricular-function-and-redo-liver-transplantation
#3
Aarya Kafi, Oren Friedman, Irene Kim
This is a 61-year-old man with end-stage liver disease who experienced cardiac arrest secondary to a massive pulmonary embolus and intracardiac thrombus during cannulation for veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in preparation for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Surgery was aborted and the patient was taken back to the intensive care unit in cardiogenic shock on multiple vasopressors. The patient was unresponsive to heparin bolus and too high risk for systemic thrombolytics or embolectomy...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667039/sellar-and-suprasellar-anaplastic-hemangiopericytoma-in-a-34-year-old-man
#4
Bradley Gibson, Chiara Mancini, John Parker, Michael Applebaum, Houda Alatassi
Central nervous system hemangiopericytomas are rare, representing <1% of all primary central nervous system tumors. Hemangiopericytomas of the sellar region are exceptionally rare. Here we present a case of a sellar/suprasellar anaplastic hemangiopericytoma.The patient is a 34 year old man with a history of a resected pituitary tumor, diagnosed as a pituitary adenoma per the patient, who presented with bitemporal hemianopsia. Radiology revealed a 3.7 cm enhancing sellar/suprasellar mass with local mass effect, consistent with a pituitary adenoma...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652286/point-of-care-ultrasound-versus-ct-pulmonary-angiogram-in-suspected-pulmonary-embolus
#5
Joseph Bacani Bacani, Kerstin De Wit
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether non-invasive, multi-organ point of care ultrasound could reduce the need for CTPA in adult patients presenting with clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolus. 3 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. It is concluded that multi-organ POCUS shows promise but that more data is needed to make a definitive statement regarding validity in clinical practice...
July 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642107/venous-thrombosis-after-electrophysiology-procedures-a-systematic-review
#6
Barry Burstein, Rodrigo S Barbosa, Eli Kalfon, Jacqueline Joza, Martin Bernier, Vidal Essebag
BACKGROUND: Femoral venous access for catheter introduction represents the cornerstone of electrophysiology (EP) procedures. Limited data are available regarding postprocedure VTE. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the incidence of DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE) associated with femoral vein catheterization during EP procedures. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted for studies documenting the incidence of DVT and PE after EP procedures. Studies were classified as atrial fibrillation (AF) or non-AF ablation procedures...
June 20, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624032/epidural-analgesia-for-traumatic-rib-fractures-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-a-matched-analysis
#7
Katherine M McKendy, Lawrence F Lee, Kerianne Boulva, Dan L Deckelbaum, David S Mulder, Tarek S Razek, Jeremy R Grushka
BACKGROUND: The optimal method of pain control for patients with traumatic rib fractures is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of epidural analgesia on respiratory complications and in-hospital mortality in patients with rib fractures. METHODS: Adult patients at a level I trauma center with ≥1 rib fracture from blunt trauma were included (2004-2013). Those with a blunt-penetrating mechanism, traumatic brain injury, or underwent a laparotomy or thoracotomy were excluded...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600022/isolated-great-saphenous-vein-thrombus-is-associated-with-high-rates-of-complications-regardless-of-management
#8
Elizabeth Kudlaty, Babatunde Oriowo, J Yang Michael, R Go Michael, Bhagwan Satiani
OBJECTIVES: Isolated great saphenous vein thrombus (GSVT) is generally regarded as benign and treatment is heterogeneous. Complications include thrombus propagation, new saphenous vein thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolus (PE), and symptom persistence. Our objective was to review our institution's experience with isolated GSVT to understand its natural history, the frequency of complications, real world treatment, and the impact of proximity to the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ), on the rate of complications...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577412/postmortem-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-fatal-gas-embolism-due-to-connection-of-an-intravenous-cannula-to-an-oxygen-supply
#9
Yoichiro Takahashi, Rie Sano, Akiyuki Yasuda, Eri Kuboya, Keiko Takahashi, Rieko Kubo, Yoshihiko Kominato, Hiroyuki Takei, Susumu Kobayashi, Takehiro Shimada, Sachiko Awata, Hiroyuki Tokue, Satoshi Hirasawa
An 84-year-old man who had suffered from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease accompanied by moderate pneumonia as well as gastric cancer with liver metastasis was found dead by a nurse, who noticed that the patient's intravenous catheter in the left forearm had been erroneously connected to an oxygen supply in his hospital room, leading to infusion of oxygen into a vein. Postmortem CT scanning demonstrated multiple accumulations of gas in the pulmonary artery, the right atrium and ventricle, as well as the left subclavian and brachiocephalic veins, corresponding to the route that the infused gas would have taken to the heart and pulmonary artery...
May 26, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573824/bone-cement-cardiac-and-pulmonary-embolism
#10
Tomás F Cianciulli, Diego E Mc Loughlin, Luis A Morita, María C Saccheri, Jorge A Lax
This case describes a complication of bone cement use. A 65-year-old male patient with back spine trauma caused by a fall, underwent a percutaneous vertebroplasty. Five years later, he consulted for palpitations, and the electrocardiogram showed supraventricular arrhythmia. A transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography showed a hyperechogenic linear structure of 7 cm length, running from the lateral wall of the right ventricle to the right atrium through the tricuspid valve. This foreign body, which was suspicious for bone cement embolism, appeared rigid and was attached at the lateral wall of the right ventricle, with its proximal end free in the right atrium...
June 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540196/significance-of-platelet-count-in-children-admitted-with-bronchiolitis
#11
Amar Al Shibli, Najla Alkuwaiti, May Hamie, Dima Abukhater, Muhammad B Noureddin, Abdulla Amri, Salwa Al Kaabi, Aysha Al Kaabi, Mariam Harbi, Hassib Narchi
AIM: To determine the true prevalence of thrombocytosis in children less than 2 years of age with bronchiolitis, its association with risk factors, disease severity and thromboembolic complications. METHODS: A retrospective observational medical chart review of 305 infants aged two years or less hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Clinical outcomes included disease severity, duration of hospital stay, admission to pediatric intensive care unit, or death. They also included complications of thrombocytosis, including thromboembolic complications such as cerebrovascular accident, acute coronary syndrome, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, mesenteric thrombosis and arterial thrombosis and also hemorrhagic complications such as bleeding (spontaneous hemorrhage in the skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal, respiratory, or genitourinary tracts)...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538271/pulmonary-transplant-salvage-using-ultrasound-assisted-thrombolysis-of-subacute-occlusive-main-pulmonary-artery-embolus
#12
John R Spratt, Prashant Shrestha, Gabriel Loor, Jagadish M Patil, Marshall I Hertz, Gosta B Pettersson, Michael S Rosenberg
A 53-year-old woman who underwent bilateral lung transplantation 14 months before presented with 2 to 3 weeks of severe exertional dyspnea. Workup revealed a complete embolic occlusion of her left main pulmonary artery related to a femoral deep venous thrombosis. The occlusion did not respond to systemic anticoagulation, and a trial of catheter-directed thrombolysis was pursued. Flow to the left lower lobe was restored after 2 days of thromobolytic therapy. The patient is alive and well at more than 1 year of follow-up...
May 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516316/venous-thromboembolism-after-nephrectomy-incidence-timing-and-associated-risk-factors-from-a-national-multi-institutional-database
#13
Brian J Jordan, Richard S Matulewicz, Brian Trihn, Shilajit Kundu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after nephrectomy with specific focus on event timing and location (before or after hospital discharge) in order to identify modifiable risk factors and establish benchmarks for preventive interventions. METHODS: Using the ACS-NSQIP database, we identified patients undergoing nephrectomy from 2006 to 2012. Patients were analyzed in two cohorts: collectively and by surgical approach [open vs. lap/robotic (MIS)]...
May 17, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507884/a-retrospective-analysis-of-complications-associated-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-in-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#14
Kevork Hindoyan, Justin Tilan, Zorica Buser, Jeremiah R Cohen, Darrel S Brodke, Jim A Youssef, Jong-Beom Park, S Tim Yoon, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Jeffrey C Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to quantify the frequency of complications associated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) use in anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). METHODS: The orthopedic subset of the Medicare database (PearlDiver) was queried for this retrospective cohort study using International Statistical Classification of Diseases 9 (ICD-9) and Current Procedure Terminology (CPT) codes for ALIF procedures with and without rhBMP-2 between 2005 and 2010...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474123/ct-pulmonary-angiogram-quality-comparison-between-early-and-later-pregnancy
#15
Yoel Siegel, Russ Kuker, James Banks, Gary Danton
PURPOSE: Pregnancy increases the risk for thromboembolic disease. CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) is widely used for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolus (PE); however, a significant number of scans are suboptimal or non-diagnostic in pregnant patients. This phenomenon is attributed to physiology during the gravid state. The aim of this study is to examine whether all stages of pregnancy are similarly at risk for suboptimal scans. METHODS: Pregnant patients who had CTPA scans between February 2008 and November 2014 were included...
May 4, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465988/thrombotic-risk-after-a-major-bleeding-during-anticoagulation-a-clinical-case
#16
Serenella Conti, Marco Ciuffetti, Maria Cristina Vedovati
We report on a 81-year-old female admitted to the emergency department for the occurrence of abdominal pain after a minor trauma. She was on treatment with warfarin for atrial fibrillation. The abdominal computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed a retroperitoneal hematoma (RH) of the left iliopsoas muscle with no evidence of active bleeding. The international normalized ratio exceeded the upper recommended anticoagulation limit. Prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) were used for anticoagulation reversal...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458067/effect-of-liberal-blood-transfusion-on-clinical-outcomes-and-cost-in-spine-surgery-patients
#17
Taylor E Purvis, C Rory Goodwin, Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, A Karim Ahmed, Virginie Lafage, Brian J Neuman, Peter G Passias, Khaled M Kebaish, Steven M Frank, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Blood transfusions in spine surgery are shown to be associated with increased patient morbidity. The association between transfusion performed using a liberal hemoglobin (Hb) trigger-defined as an intraoperative Hb level of ≥10 g/dL, a postoperative level of ≥8 g/dL, or a whole hospital nadir between 8 and 10 g/dL-and perioperative morbidity and cost in spine surgery patients is unknown and thus was investigated in this study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the perioperative outcomes and economic cost associated with liberal Hb trigger transfusion among spine surgery patients...
April 27, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430391/analysis-of-pulmonary-embolus-size-at-the-time-of-recurrence-compared-with-presentation-a-single-centre-retrospective-study
#18
W Thomas, O Firth, M Besser, M Beveridge, T Baglin
Essentials Size of pulmonary embolus (PE) at the time of recurrence compared with first event is unstudied. In a retrospective cohort of patients we compared PE size at recurrence versus the initial PE. Rates of massive PE at recurrence were low whether the first PE was massive or unmassive. Studies to determine PE size and severity at recurrence when anticoagulation is stopped are needed. SUMMARY: Background The size of recurrent pulmonary embolus (PE) in relation to a prior event could be a factor in deciding whether to continue anticoagulation...
July 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401718/compliance-to-clinical-pathways-in-the-management-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolus-are-there-cost-implications
#19
Ata Rehman, Eric Yelf, Jacqueline Pearson, Wilf Yeo
This study investigated the cost implications of poor compliance to established guidelines for management of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in two NSW public hospitals. A retrospective audit showed that the prevalence of PE overall was 9.9% (4.3% in the low-risk groups) in 436 patients. An estimated total of $32 454 (14%) was spent on unnecessary tests.
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369826/increased-incidence-of-vte-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients-risk-factors-recurrence-and-impact-on-mortality
#20
Ann Brunson, Amy Lei, Aaron S Rosenberg, Richard H White, Theresa Keegan, Ted Wun
Previous reports show increased incidence of venous thromboembolism [VTE, deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus (PE)] in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients but did not account for frequency of hospitalization. We determined the incidence of VTE in a SCD cohort versus matched controls. For SCD patients, risk factors for incident VTE, recurrence and the impact on mortality were also determined. Among 6237 patients with SCD, 696 patients (11·2%) developed incident-VTE: 358 (51·6%) had PE (±DVT); 179 (25·7%) had lower-extremity DVT only and 158 (22·7%) had upper-extremity DVT...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
keyword
keyword
8614
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"