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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828869/utilisation-of-the-partogram-among-nurses-and-midwives-in-selected-health-facilities-in-the-eastern-province-of-rwanda
#1
Oliva Bazirete, Nomafrench Mbombo, Oluyinka Adejumo
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality continues to be a global burden, with more than 200 million women becoming pregnant each year and a large number dying as a result of complications of pregnancy or childbirth. The World Health Organisation has recommended use of the partogram to monitor labour and delivery in order to improve healthcare and reduce maternal and foetal mortality rates. OBJECTIVE: This study described factors affecting utilisation of the partogram among nurses and midwives in selected health facilities of Rwanda...
August 3, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828352/report-of-the-second-asian-prostate-cancer-a-cap-study-meeting
#2
Choung-Soo Kim, Ji Youl Lee, Byung Ha Chung, Wun-Jae Kim, Ng Chi Fai, Lukman Hakim, Rainy Umbas, Teng Aik Ong, Jasmine Lim, Jason L Letran, Edmund Chiong, Tong-Lin Wu, Bannakij Lojanapiwat, Levent Türkeri, Declan G Murphy, Robert A Gardiner, Kim Moretti, Matthew Cooperberg, Peter Carroll, Seong Ki Mun, Shiro Hinotsu, Yoshihiko Hirao, Seiichiro Ozono, Shigeo Horie, Mizuki Onozawa, Yasuhide Kitagawa, Tadaichi Kitamura, Mikio Namiki, Hideyuki Akaza
The Asian Prostate Cancer (A-CaP) Study is an Asia-wide initiative that has been developed over the course of 2 years. The study was launched in December 2015 in Tokyo, Japan, and the participating countries and regions engaged in preparations for the study during the course of 2016, including patient registration and creation of databases for the purpose of the study. The Second A-CaP Meeting was held on September 8, 2016 in Seoul, Korea, with the participation of members and collaborators from 12 countries and regions...
September 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828310/role-of-accreditation-in-quality-improvement-of-institutional-review-board
#3
Abhidnya Vasant Desai, Rohini W Hawaldar, Jigeeshu V Divatia
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the process of accreditation resulting in improvement of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) functioning. METHODOLOGY: Randomly selected projects from years 2007 (before accreditation), 2010 (after accreditation), and 2013 (after reaccreditation) were evaluated to assess parameters, namely, submission of good clinical practices (GCPs), completeness of IRB submission form, fulfillment of quorum, documentation of the declaration of conflict of interests, and submission of the status reports...
July 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827237/accuracy-and-reliability-of-the-sensory-test-performed-using-the-laryngopharyngeal-endoscopic-esthesiometer-and-rangefinder-in-patients-with-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-hypopnoea-protocol-for-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-exploratory-study
#4
Luis Fernando Giraldo-Cadavid, Alirio Rodrigo Bastidas, Diana Marcela Padilla-Ortiz, Diana Carolina Concha-Galan, María Angelica Bazurto, Leslie Vargas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSA) might have varying degrees of laryngopharyngeal mechanical hyposensitivity that might impair the brain's capacity to prevent airway collapse during sleep. However, this knowledge about sensory compromises in OSA comes from studies performed using methods with little evidence of their validity. Hence, the purpose of this study is to assess the reliability and accuracy of the measurement of laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity in patients with OSA using a recently developed laryngopharyngeal endoscopic esthesiometer and rangefinder (LPEER)...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827006/intraoperative-implantation-of-a-mesh-of-directional-palladium-sources-civasheet-dosimetry-verification-clinical-commissioning-dose-specification-and-preliminary-experience
#5
Gil'ad N Cohen, Karen Episcopia, Seng-Boh Lim, Thomas J LoSasso, Mark J Rivard, Amandeep S Taggar, Neil K Taunk, Abraham J Wu, Antonio L Damato
PURPOSE: To present the clinical commissioning of a novel (103)Pd directional brachytherapy device (CivaSheet) for intraoperative radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical commissioning for the CivaSheet consisted of establishing: (1) source strength calibration capabilities, (2) experimental verification of TG-43 dosimetry parameters, (3) treatment planning system validation, and (4) departmental practice for dose specification and source ordering. Experimental verification was performed in water with radiochromic film calibrated with a 37 kVp X-ray beam...
August 18, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821525/point-of-care-washing-of-allogeneic-red-blood-cells-for-the-prevention-of-transfusion-related-respiratory-complications-war-prc-a-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomised-clinical-trial-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#6
Matthew A Warner, Ian J Welsby, Phillip J Norris, Christopher C Silliman, Sarah Armour, Erica D Wittwer, Paula J Santrach, Laurie A Meade, Lavonne M Liedl, Chelsea M Nieuwenkamp, Brian Douthit, Camille M van Buskirk, Phillip J Schulte, Rickey E Carter, Daryl J Kor
INTRODUCTION: The transfusion-related respiratory complications, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), are leading causes of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality. At present, there are no effective preventive strategies with red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Although mechanisms remain incompletely defined, soluble biological response modifiers (BRMs) within the RBC storage solution may play an important role. Point-of-care (POC) washing of allogeneic RBCs may remove these BRMs, thereby mitigating their impact on post-transfusion respiratory complications...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821205/cerebrospinal-fluid-circulating-tumor-cells-a-novel-tool-to-diagnose-leptomeningeal-metastases-from-epithelial-tumors
#7
Xuling Lin, Martin Fleisher, Marc Rosenblum, Oscar Lin, Adrienne Boire, Samuel Briggs, Yevgeniya Bensman, Brenda Hurtado, Larisa Shagabayeva, Lisa M DeAngelis, Katherine S Panageas, Antonio Omuro, Elena I Pentsova
Background: Diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) remains challenging due to low sensitivity of CSF cytology and infrequent unequivocal MRI findings. In a previous pilot study, we showed that rare cell capture technology (RCCT) could be used to detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) in the CSF of patients with LM from epithelial tumors. To establish the diagnostic accuracy of CSF-CTC in the diagnosis of LM, we applied this technique in a distinct, larger cohort of patients. Methods: In this institutional review board-approved prospective study, patients with epithelial tumors and clinical suspicion of LM underwent CSF-CTC evaluation and standard MRI and CSF cytology examination...
September 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818227/impact-of-an-educational-program-on-the-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-patients-with-lymphedema-a-preliminary-evaluation
#8
Sophie Blaise, Bernadette Satger, Gilles Pernod, Cécile Richaud, Béatrice Villemur, Patrick H Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: We report on the preliminary evaluation of a well-designed program, Living with Lymphedema. This longitudinal cohort study assessed patients' quality of life using questionnaires. Our main objective was to evaluate the satisfaction of the patients and their adherence to the program. This was done using a specific questionnaire of satisfaction as well as by noting patients' adherence to the program (number of patients attending all three consultations). The secondary objective was to assess the effect of the program on the patient's quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817159/treatment-of-unicameral-bone-cysts-of-the-proximal-femur-with-internal-fixation-lessens-the-risk-of-additional-surgery
#9
Benjamin Wilke, Matthew Houdek, Rameshwar R Rao, Michelle S Caird, A Noelle Larson, Todd Milbrandt
Little data exist to guide the treatment of unicameral bone cysts in the proximal femur. Methods of treatment include corticosteroid injections, curettage and bone grafting, and internal fixation. The authors completed a multi-institutional, retrospective review to evaluate their experience with proximal femoral unicameral bone cysts. They posed the following questions: (1) Does internal fixation reduce the risk of further procedures for the treatment of a unicameral bone cyst? (2) Is radiographic healing faster with internal fixation? Following institutional review board approval, the authors conducted a retrospective review of 36 patients treated for a unicameral bone cyst of the proximal femur at their institutions between 1974 and 2014...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816987/analysis-of-background-parenchymal-echogenicity-on-breast-ultrasound-correlation-with-mammographic-breast-density-and-background-parenchymal-enhancement-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Kyung Hee Ko, Hae Kyoung Jung, Inwha Kim
The purpose of this study was to analyze the background parenchymal echotexture (BP echo) on breast ultrasound in detail and to evaluate the relation BP echo with menopausal status. In addition, we correlated BP echo with mammographic breast density (MGD) and background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).The institutional review board of our hospital approved this retrospective study, and the requirement of informed consent was waived. We studied 138 women (mean age 51.6 years, range from 26 to 79 years) with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer, who had performed preoperative mammography, ultrasound, and MR from June 2013 to June 2015...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816956/differential-diagnosis-of-posterior-fossa-brain-tumors-multiple-discriminant-analysis-of-tl-spect-and-fdg-pet
#11
Moritaka Yamauchi, Tomohisa Okada, Tsutomu Okada, Akira Yamamoto, Yasutaka Fushimi, Yoshiki Arakawa, Susumu Miyamoto, Kaori Togashi
This study investigated the combined capability of thallium-201 (Tl)-SPECT and fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG)-PET for differential diagnosis of posterior fossa brain tumors using multiple discriminant analysis.This retrospective study was conducted under approval of the institutional review board. In the hospital information system, 27 patients with posterior fossa intra-axial tumor between January 2009 and June 2015 were enrolled and grouped as the following 7 entities: low grade glioma (LGG) 6, anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) 2, glioblastoma (GBM) 3, medulloblastoma (MB) 3, hemangioblastoma (HB) 6, metastatic tumor (Mets) 3, and malignant lymphoma (ML) 4...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816136/the-impact-of-music-therapy-on-anxiety-in%C3%A2-cancer-patients-undergoing-simulation-for-radiation-therapy
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew Rossetti, Manjeet Chadha, B Nelson Torres, Jae K Lee, Donald Hylton, Joanne V Loewy, Louis B Harrison
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) is associated with high stress levels. The role of music therapy (MT) for patients receiving RT is not well described. This study evaluates the impact of MT on anxiety and distress during simulation in patients with newly diagnosed head and neck or breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This institutional review board-approved randomized trial of MT versus no MT at the time of simulation included the pre-State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S Anxiety) questionnaire and Symptom Distress Thermometer (SDT)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815938/optimization-of-recombinant-%C3%AE-glucuronidase-hydrolysis-and-quantification-of-eight-urinary-cannabinoids-and-metabolites-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#13
Cristina Sempio, Karl B Scheidweiler, Allan J Barnes, Marilyn A Huestis
Prolonged urinary cannabinoid excretion in chronic frequent cannabis users confounds identification of recent cannabis intake that may be important in treatment, workplace, clinical, and forensic testing programs. In addition, differentiation of synthetic Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) intake from cannabis plant products might be an important interpretive issue. THC, 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH) urine concentrations were evaluated during previous controlled cannabis administration studies following tandem alkaline/E...
June 14, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814356/pneumococcal-13-valent-conjugate-vaccine-administration-after-inferior-response-to-pneumococcal-vaccine
#14
Ratika Gupta, Chak Shui Wong, Luz Fonacier
BACKGROUND: The pneumococcal vaccine, a nonconjugated vaccine, may be used to evaluate the integrity of the humoral immune system. Those patients with an inferior response to a nonconjugated vaccine may be vaccinated with a conjugated vaccine, which elicits both a B- and T-cell response. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immunogenicity of a conjugated vaccine in patients with inferior responses to a nonconjugated vaccine. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved retrospective study that involved 22 patients with suspected specific antibody deficiency who received a nonconjugated vaccine, followed by a conjugated vaccine...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814140/ethical-sensitivity-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-in-emergency-nurses
#15
Cansu Atmaca Palazoğlu, Zeliha Koç
BACKGROUND: Rising levels of burnout and decreasing job satisfaction can inhibit healthcare professionals from providing high-quality care due to a corresponding decrease in their ethical sensitivity. AIM: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of ethical sensitivity in emergency service nurses and their levels of burnout and job satisfaction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This research employed a descriptive and cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813234/cardiac-mr-strain-a-noninvasive-biomarker-of-fibrofatty-remodeling-of-the-left-atrial-myocardium
#16
Adrian T Huber, Jérôme Lamy, Amer Rahhal, Morgane Evin, Fabrice Atassi, Carine Defrance, Guillaume Lebreton, Karine Clément, Myriam Berthet, Richard Isnard, Pascal Leprince, Philippe Cluzel, Stéphane N Hatem, Nadjia Kachenoura, Alban Redheuil
Purpose To determine whether left atrial (LA) strain quantification with cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging feature tracking is associated with the severity of LA fibrofatty myocardial remodeling at histologic analysis. Materials and Methods This prospective case-control study was approved by the institutional review board. LA strain was evaluated with cardiac MR feature tracking between January 2014 and March 2015 in 13 consecutive patients (mean age, 61 years ± 19; nine male) with mitral regurgitation in the 24 hours before mitral valve surgery and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 16, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812946/nurse-researchers-perspectives-on-research-ethics-in-china
#17
Can Gu, Man Ye, Xiaomin Wang, Min Yang, Honghong Wang, Kaveh Khoshnood
BACKGROUND: In China, research ethics is a subject of increasingly formal regulation. However, little is known about how nursing researchers understand the concept of research ethics and the ways in which they can maintain ethical standards in their work. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine nursing researchers' perspectives on research ethics in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study. Qualitative research methods enabled us to gain an in-depth understanding of nursing researchers' views on research ethics...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812936/investigation-of-goldmann-perimetry-in-evaluation-of-patients-for-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#18
John D Pemberton, Michael Salter, Aaron Fay, Bradley Thuro, Horace Spencer, Omar Dajani
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative Goldmann Visual Field (GVF) testing in patients with functional dermatochalasis accurately depicts the postoperative superior visual field (SVF) outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was done to compare preoperative and postoperative GVF field tests in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty for treatment of dermatochalasis. This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences institutional review board...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812057/screening-for-syphilis-in-cases-of-suspected-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-infections
#19
Kumara V Nibhanipudi, Kenneth Cody
Background. In all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. The incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened STIs. Objective. The objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Hypothesis. Our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syphilis in cases of presumed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811985/incidence-impact-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-wound-complications-following-elective-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#20
Nathan J Lee, John I Shin, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Z Guzman, Branko Skovrlj, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for wound complications within 30 days following elective adult spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, diagnosis codes were used to query the database for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014. Patients were separated into groups of those with and without wound complications...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
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