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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542431/the-mediating-role-of-rumination-in-the-relation-between-attentional-bias-towards-thin-female-bodies-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#1
Laura Dondzilo, Elizabeth Rieger, Romina Palermo, Susan Byrne, Jason Bell
The present study sought to investigate the association between selective attentional processing of body images, rumination, and eating disorder symptoms in young women. Seventy-three undergraduate female students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies. Participants also completed self-report measures of eating disorder pathology. It was found that increased reports of dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction were associated with both greater attentional bias towards thin bodies and avoidance of non-thin bodies (as compared to neutral images), although the former relationship was stronger than the latter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531600/body-dissatisfaction-and-body-image-of-female-athletes-with-normal-body-weight
#2
Eirini Koidou, Souzana Papadopoulou, Fani Thoma, Christina Euaggelinou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483656/two-year-gender-differences-in-satisfaction-with-appearance-after-burn-injury-and-prediction-of-five-year-depression-a-latent-growth-curve-approach
#3
Nour Al Ghriwati, Megan Sutter, Bradford S Pierce, Paul B Perrin, Shelley A Wiechman, Jeffrey C Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To use latent growth curve and longitudinal structural equation modeling to examine the two-year trajectory of satisfaction with appearance in adults with burn injury and that trajectory's effect on depression five years after burn injury. DESIGN: Data were collected at discharge after burn injury hospitalization, six months, one year, two years, and five years post-discharge. SETTING: The Burn Model System (BMS) program consisted of a data center and five participating burn centers...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483098/a-pilot-study-of-body-image-perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-obesity-in-hospitalized-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-patients
#4
Sameer Hassamal, Alexandru Trutia, Alican Dalkilic, Ananda K Pandurangi
OBJECTIVE: Body image perceptions, and attitudes toward obesity were examined and compared between psychotic and non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder. METHODS: 80 psychotic patients and 36 non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder admitted to an acute inpatient psychiatric unit participated in the study. On admission, each patient completed a visual silhouettes scale of actual self and ideal self, as well as the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons (ATOP) scale...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#5
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417253/body-image-and-condomless-anal-sex-among-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv
#6
Shadi Gholizadeh, Benjamin M Rooney, Erin L Merz, Vanessa L Malcarne, Steven A Safren, Aaron J Blashill
The interaction of body dissatisfaction and appearance investment (importance and effort ascribed to appearance) in relation to condomless anal sex has not previously been examined. Body dissatisfaction in the context of varying degrees of appearance investment may yield divergent sexual risk outcomes. Sexual minority men living with HIV (N = 105) completed a battery of self-report measures. A generalized linear model identified a significant interaction [b = 0.08 (95% CI 0.01, 0.16), p = 0.033] such that when appearance investment was low, body dissatisfaction was associated with fewer condomless anal sex acts; when appearance investment was high, body dissatisfaction was associated with increased condomless anal sex...
April 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392918/body-dissatisfaction-excessive-exercise-and-weight-change-strategies-used-by-first-year-undergraduate-students-comparing-health-and-physical-education-and-other-education-students
#7
Zali Yager, Tonia Gray, Christina Curry, Siân A McLean
BACKGROUND: Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers are known to be under social-, personal-, and employment-related pressure to be and appear physically fit, and to use dangerous dieting and weight control practices. This is problematic due to the influence this may have on their own health and the potential to model these attitudes and behaviours to their future students. METHODS: In this paper, we compare the body image, dieting, disordered eating, and exercise behaviours of first year, HPE, and non-HPE, teacher education students...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366669/sexual-life-after-weight-loss-surgery
#8
Alexis Conason, Kimberly J McClure Brenchley, Andrea Pratt, Allan Geliebter
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed a relationship between higher body mass index (BMI) and lower sexual functioning. However, the role of psychosocial variables, such as body image, in this relationship has been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess sexual life before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) and examine the role of body image and BMI in these changes. SETTING: WLS center at a major urban community hospital. METHODS: 327 participants (275 women and 52 men) who underwent either laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (n = 225) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (n = 102) were assessed on measures of sexual life preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery...
January 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326288/associations-of-body-related-teasing-with-weight-status-body-image-and-dieting-behavior-among-japanese-adolescents
#9
Naomi Chisuwa-Hayami, Toshi Haruki
Background: Body-related teasing is known to be linked to body dissatisfaction and dieting behavior in adolescents. However, little is known about it in non-Western countries. This study aims to examine the prevalence of body-related teasing among Japanese adolescents and its connection to weight status, body image, and dieting behavior to consider implications for public health. Methods: The design of this study is a cross-sectional study. An anonymous self-administrated survey was conducted with 1172 junior high school students in Higashi-Osaka City in Osaka Prefecture in Japan...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319558/effects-of-medical-interventions-on-gender-dysphoria-and-body-image-a-follow-up-study
#10
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Griet De Cuypere, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence is to investigate the status of all individuals who had applied for gender confirming interventions from 2007 until 2009, irrespective of whether they received treatment. The current article describes the study protocol, the effect of medical treatment on gender dysphoria and body image, and the predictive value of (pre)treatment factors on post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected on medical interventions, transition status, gender dysphoria (Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale), and body image (Body Image Scale for Transsexuals)...
March 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#11
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286355/the-moderating-role-of-body-dissatisfaction-in-the-relationship-between-adhd-symptoms-and-disordered-eating-in-pediatric-overweight-and-obesity
#12
Marissa A Gowey, Sarah Stromberg, Crystal S Lim, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors linked to disordered eating in overweight and obesity (OV/OB) may provide a better understanding of youth at risk for disordered eating. This project examined whether ADHD symptoms and body dissatisfaction were associated with disordered eating. METHODS: ADHD symptoms, disordered eating, and body dissatisfaction were assessed in 220 youth ages 7-12 who were OV/OB. RESULTS: Multiple linear regressions showed that body dissatisfaction and ADHD symptoms were associated with disordered eating...
2017: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286330/effects-of-the-exposure-to-self-and-other-referential-bodies-on-state-body-image-and-negative-affect-in-resistance-trained-men
#13
Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked...
March 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285176/negative-body-image-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-among-young-women-identifying-with-goth-subculture
#14
Viren Swami
The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d=0...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252801/the-effects-of-priming-in-a-cued-dot-probe-task-on-appearance-related-attentional-biases-in-women
#15
Ben R Lane, Kate E Mulgrew, Doug Mahar, Melanie J White, Siobhan A Loughnan
The dot-probe task (DPT) is a reaction time measure of attentional bias. Research using this task has found inconsistent patterns of appearance-related attentional biases in women. This study examined the effects of a novel priming variation of the DPT, which incorporated additional cues into each trial of the task, on measurement of such biases. The study also examined associations between these biases and body image, a component of eating disorder symptomatology. A convenience sample of women from the general community (N = 103) completed body image measures online and attended a laboratory session to complete one of four DPTs: (1) an appearance-cued DPT containing images of thin-ideal models between each trial; (2) neutral-cued DPT containing images of forests; (3) time-delayed DPT controlling for time in place of an image; or (4) typical DPT containing only word stimuli...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#16
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183688/association-between-internet-use-and-body-dissatisfaction-among-young-females-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-canadian-community-health-survey
#17
Allison Carter, Jamie I Forrest, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests Internet exposure, including Facebook use, is positively correlated with body dissatisfaction, especially among girls and young women. Canada has one of the highest Internet access rates in the world, yet no previous study has examined this relationship using nationally representative data. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between Internet use and body dissatisfaction among a national, population-based sample of Canadian females 12-29 years of age...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133705/selective-visual-attention-towards-oneself-and-associated-state-body-satisfaction-an-eye-tracking-study-in-adolescents-with-different-types-of-eating-disorders
#18
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Karsten Braks, Thomas J Huber, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
The development of eating disorders is associated with a body-related attentional bias. Although eating disorders are especially prevalent in adolescence, so far, no study has analyzed gaze patterns and state body image in response to viewing one's own body in youth. To fill this gap, the present study aimed to examine a body-related attentional bias and state body satisfaction in adolescents with various forms of eating disorders. Girls with anorexia nervosa, restrictive type (AN-R; n = 30), anorexia nervosa, binge eating/purging type (AN-BP; n = 26), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 22), clinical controls with anxiety disorders (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 43) looked at photographs of their own and a peer's body, while their spontaneous eye movements were recorded...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077218/a-person-by-situation-account-of-why-some-people-more-frequently-engage-in-upward-appearance-comparison-behaviors-in-everyday-life
#19
Adam Rogers, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Vivienne Lewis, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson
Although the influence of stable, trait-like factors (such as trait body dissatisfaction and appearance internalization) on instances of appearance comparison has been well documented, the additive and interactive influence of contextual factors (such as one's current body satisfaction) on comparison behaviors is unknown. Therefore, the present study tested a Person×Situation model in which both state and trait body image variables interacted to predict engagement in various forms of comparison (upward, downward, and lateral)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
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