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"body image" "body dissatisfaction"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791682/body-dissatisfaction-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-female-adolescents
#1
Valter Paulo Neves Miranda, Núbia Sousa de Morais, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, Paulo Roberto Dos Santos Amorim, João Carlos Bouzas Marins, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Paula Costa Teixeira, Silvia Eloiza Priore
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of body image with physical activity level, body composition, and sedentary behavior (SB) of female adolescents. METHODS: Exploratory cross-sectional study conducted with 120 female adolescents aged between 14-19 years, from the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil. Body image was evaluated with a Body Silhouette Scale (BSS) and a Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ). Weight, height, and waist circumference values were analyzed, as well as the waist-to-height ratio and body fat percentage...
May 21, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773151/changes-in-body-image-and-onset-of-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-over-a-five-year-longitudinal-follow-up
#2
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758472/contributions-of-depression-and-body-mass-index-to-body-image
#3
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview), standardized self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) and BMI were separately and simultaneously related to body image (the Stunkard Figure Rating scale) using linear regression analyses...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724206/dental-health-between-self-perception-clinical-evaluation-and-body-image-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mixed-dentition-pre-pubertal-children
#4
Ancuta Banu, Costela Șerban, Marius Pricop, Horatiu Urechescu, Brigitha Vlaicu
BACKGROUND: Self-perception of oral health status is a multidimensional construct that includes psychological, psychosocial and functional aspects of oral health. Contemporary concepts suggest that the evaluation of health needs should focus on clinical standards and socio-dental indicators that measure the impact of health/disease on the individual quality of life. Oral health cannot be dissociated from general health. This study evaluates a possible association between oral health status, body size, self-perception of oral health, self-perception of body size and dissatisfaction with body image in prepubertal children with mixed dentition, targeting the completion of children's health status assessment which will further allow the identification of individuals at risk and could be further used as an evaluation of the need for specific interventions...
May 3, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722045/targeting-body-dissatisfaction-among-women-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#5
KayLoni L Olson, Tyler T Thaxton, Charles F Emery
OBJECTIVE: This proof-of-concept study was designed to replicate the effects of the empirically-supported Body Project intervention on body dissatisfaction when combined with behavioral recommendations for weight loss among women with overweight or obesity. METHOD: Women with overweight or obesity who reported body dissatisfaction and a desire to lose weight were randomized to one of two 4-week treatment conditions. Individuals assigned to the standard group (n = 15) were directed to track diet and activity level daily...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696998/understanding-body-image-among-adults-in-mid-late-life-considering-romantic-partners-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-context-of-diabetes
#6
Charlotte H Markey, Kristin J August, Jamie L Dunaev
Although our bodies change as we age, there is limited research exploring body image among middle-aged and older adults. This study considered 70 adults with diabetes' ( Mage = 60.01 years) body image and revealed relatively high levels of body dissatisfaction in this sample. Furthermore, participants' own and perceptions of their partners' dissatisfaction with their bodies were moderately associated, and participants' body dissatisfaction was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. These findings highlight the need for further research, exploring the social and psychological correlates of body image among men and women in mid-late adulthood...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686817/the-role-of-individual-and-social-variables-in-predicting-body-dissatisfaction-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-an-expanding-of-the-tripartite-influence-mode
#7
Shima Shahyad, Shahla Pakdaman, Omid Shokri, Seyed Hassan Saadat
The aim of the present study was to examine the causal relationships between psychological and social factors, being independent variables and body image dissatisfaction plus symptoms of eating disorders as dependent variables through the mediation of social comparison and thin-ideal internalization. To conduct the study, 477 high-school students from Tehran were recruited by method of cluster sampling. Next, they filled out Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES), Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS), Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS), Appearance Perfectionism Scale (APS), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-4)...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684300/adolescent-body-image-results-of-czech-elspac-study
#8
Sylva Šmídová, Jan Švancara, Lenka Andrýsková, Jan Šimůnek
OBJECTIVES: The study examined appearance and body satisfaction in adolescents. For these purposes, data from the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood in the Czech Republic were used. METHODS: The data were collected in 2010 and the sample comprised 3,105 18-year-old respondents. RESULTS: The research found that the respondents who wished to reduce their weight were mostly women with BMI in the normal range. Based on the body cathexis scale, we found that women compared to men are more critical of stomach, hips, buttocks, and thighs, as well as overall weight and figure...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679850/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-prevalence-forms-functions-and-body-image-correlates
#9
Sandra Pérez, Jos H Marco, Montse Cañabate
INTRODUCTION: More than one third of patients with eating disorders report NSSI. Moreover, negative attitudes and feelings toward the body, body dissatisfaction, and body image disturbances have been linked to NSSI in community and clinical samples. However, there is a lack of studies exploring NSSI frequency and functions and the specific relationship between multidimensional body image dimensions and NSSI in eating disorder patients. OBJECTIVES: First, we explored the frequency, types, and functions of NSSI in a sample of 226 Spanish female participants with eating disorders (ED)...
April 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651268/sociocultural-appearance-standards-and-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-and-women-of-various-ages
#10
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649515/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-body-image-disordered-eating-and-breastfeeding-among-postpartum-women
#11
Rachel F Rodgers, Jennifer L O'Flynn, Althea Bourdeau, Emily Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy. METHODS: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610625/body-weight-concern-and-belief-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls
#12
Nermine N Mahfouz, Reham F Fahmy, Maysa S Nassar, Saneya A Wahba
BACKGROUND: Body weight concern and belief in adolescent females are of great importance. They are the keys to successful dietary interventions including dietary habits' modifications to practice a healthy diet. This critical phase of transition from childhood to adulthood is the most sensitive stage of behavioural rectification. AIM: This study was conducted with the aim to figure out the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction and the association of body image satisfaction and believe with body mass index in adolescent girls aged 16-18 years...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578841/achieving-body-confidence-for-young-children-development-and-pilot-study-of-a-universal-teacher-led-body-image-and-weight-stigma-program-for-early-primary-school-children
#13
Stephanie R Damiano, Zali Yager, Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton
Negative body image attitudes develop in early childhood and there is a need for school-based resources during the early school years, but no teacher-delivered curriculum-based resources exist to mitigate these attitudes in young children. Achieving Body Confidence for Young Children (ABC-4-YC), a universal body dissatisfaction and weight stigma prevention program, was developed and then delivered in a pilot study. Fifty-one 5- to 8-year-old children completed pre- and post-intervention interviews assessing body image attitudes, and seven teachers provided feedback...
March 26, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570729/expand-your-body-when-you-look-at-yourself-the-role-of-the-posture-in-a-mirror-exposure-task
#14
Marta Miragall, Ernestina Etchemendy, Ausiàs Cebolla, Víctor Rodríguez, Carlos Medrano, Rosa María Baños
Mirror exposure (ME) is one of the main components of the treatment of patients with eating disorders symptomatology and it has shown its effectiveness in improving several outcomes (e.g., body dissatisfaction). However, the study as to what body posture should be adopted to maximize its effectiveness has been neglected. From embodied cognition and emotion theories, the adoption of an expansive (vs. contractive) body posture has been associated with positive changes in cognitive and emotional responses. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of adopting an expansive (vs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567546/body-image-related-negative-interpretation-bias-in-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Timo Brockmeyer, Alisa Anderle, Hagen Schmidt, Stephanie Febry, Wally Wünsch-Leiteritz, Andreas Leiteritz, Hans-Christoph Friederich
A distorted body image and pronounced body dissatisfaction are hallmarks of anorexia nervosa (AN) that typically result in dietary restraint and compensatory behaviours. Cognitive biases such as negative interpretation bias are considered key maintaining factors of these maladaptive cognitions and behaviours. However, little attention has been paid to empirical tests whether negative interpretation bias exists in AN and to what degree it is associated with symptom severity. Participants in the present study were 40 women with AN and 40 healthy women with no history of an eating disorder...
March 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517302/the-associations-between-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-body-image-and-weight-in-the-first-year-postpartum-a-rapid-systematic-review
#16
Eliza Hartley, Briony Hill, Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a rapid systematic review of the evidence of associations between postpartum depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, body image and weight status in the first 12 months post birth. BACKGROUND: The postpartum period places the mother and infant at risk of a number of negative health outcomes. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety are common in the postpartum, as are poor body image and excessive weight retention as women adjust to their post pregnancy body...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510762/the-norwegian-healthy-body-image-programme-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-intervention-to-promote-positive-body-image-and-prevent-disordered-eating-among-norwegian-high-school-students
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christine Sundgot-Borgen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Kethe M E Engen, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Niva Piran, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Jan H Rosenvinge
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating raise the risk for eating disorders. In the prevention of eating disorders, many programmes have proved partly successful in using cognitive techniques to combat such risk factors. However, specific strategies to actively promote a positive body image are rarely used. The present paper outlines a protocol for a programme integrating the promotion of a positive body image and the prevention of disordered eating. METHODS AND DESIGN: Using a cluster randomized controlled mixed methods design, 30 high schools and 2481 12th grade students were allocated to the Healthy Body Image programme or to a control condition...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500828/imagery-rescripting-and-cognitive-dissonance-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-brief-online-interventions-for-women-at-risk-of-developing-an-eating-disorder
#18
Jamie-Lee Pennesi, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study compared two brief online interventions, imagery rescripting and cognitive dissonance, to an assessment-only control condition in a sample of body-dissatisfied young women at risk of developing an eating disorder. We examined the degree to which each intervention reduced disordered eating and modified risk and protective factors for eating disorders. METHOD: Female university students (N = 107, 17-28 years of age) completed a screening questionnaire, followed by random allocation to one of the three conditions, followed by a baseline assessment, body dissatisfaction induction, and brief online intervention...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500785/low-income-african-american-and-american-indian-children-s-viewpoints-on-body-image-assessment-tools-and-body-satisfaction-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Lindsay Heidelberger, Chery Smith
Objectives Pediatric obesity is complicated by many factors including psychological issues, such as body dissatisfaction. Body image assessment tools are used with children to measure their acceptance of their body shape or image. Limited research has been conducted with African American and American Indian children to understand their opinions on assessment tools created. This study investigated: (a) children's perception about body image and (b) differences between two body image instruments among low-income, multi-ethnic children...
March 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475190/factors-dancers-associate-with-their-body-dissatisfaction
#20
Ana García Dantas, Diana Amado Alonso, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Carmen Del Río Sánchez
Body dissatisfaction constitutes an important factor in the development of eating pathologies, particularly among dancers. The aim of this research was to test the factors that dancers identified as relevant to their body dissatisfaction using an exploratory mixed method design. Participants were 369 dancers from two Spanish dance conservatories. Questionnaires assessed body dissatisfaction, abnormal eating attitudes and behaviors, and risk factors to eating disorders in the dance domain. Nine factors were found; the "teacher", the "uniform", and the "mirrors" were the most common...
February 20, 2018: Body Image
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