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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130700/-dissatisfaction-with-body-image-and-its-relation-to-nutritional-status-cardiometabolic-risk-and-cardiorespiratory-capacity-in-public-school-children
#1
Pedro Antonio Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román
INTRODUCTION: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. AIM: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105805/should-body-image-programs-be-inclusive-a-focus-group-study-of-college-students
#2
Anna C Ciao, Olivia C Ohls, Kevin D Pringle
OBJECTIVE: Most evidence-based body image programs for college students (e.g., the Body Project) are designed for female-only audiences, although body dissatisfaction is not limited to female-identified individuals. Furthermore, programs do not explicitly discuss diversity, although individuals with marginalized gender, racial, and sexual identities may be particularly vulnerable to body image disturbances. Making programs more inclusive may increase their disseminability. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the feasibility of adapting the Body Project for universal and inclusive use with college students...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096529/body-image-body-dissatisfaction-and-weight-status-of-pacific-adolescents-from-different-ethnic-communities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-new-caledonia
#3
Stéphane Frayon, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Sophie Cherrier, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
OBJECTIVE(S): The prevalence of adolescent obesity is high among the various ethnic groups native to the Pacific region (European, Melanesian and Polynesian). An important factor of weight gain or loss is body size satisfaction; however, little is known about adolescent body self-perception in the Pacific region. DESIGN: Body dissatisfaction was evaluated using the Stunkard Figure Rating Scale in a sample of 699 adolescents from rural and urban areas of New Caledonia...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075494/the-role-of-personality-in-body-image-dissatisfaction-and-disordered-eating-discrepancies-between-men-and-women
#4
L P MacNeill, L A Best, L L Davis
BACKGROUND: Body image and disordered eating research has focused mostly on the female experience. The present study examined gender differences in the relationship between personality, disordered eating, and body image dissatisfaction. METHODS: Participants were 238 female and 85 male undergraduates (Mage = 20.52 years, SD = 4.22) at a Canadian university. Materials included a battery of self-report questionnaires pertaining to personality, body image, and disordered eating...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069250/dysfunctional-eating-behaviors-anxiety-and-depression-in-italian-boys-and-girls-the-role-of-mass-media
#5
Barbara Barcaccia, Viviana Balestrini, Angelo M Saliani, Roberto Baiocco, Francesco Mancini, Barry H Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Extensive research has implicated identification with characters in mass media in the emergence of disordered eating behavior in adolescents. We explored the possible influence of the models offered by television (TV) on adolescents' body image, body uneasiness, eating-disordered behavior, depression, and anxiety. METHODS: Three hundred and one adolescents (aged 14-19) from southern Italy participated. They completed a questionnaire on media exposure and body dissatisfaction, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Body Uneasiness Test, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Form Y...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057601/investigating-body-image-disturbance-in-anorexia-nervosa-using-novel-biometric-figure-rating-scales-a-pilot-study
#6
Simone C Mölbert, Anne Thaler, Stephan Streuber, Michael J Black, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Betty Mohler, Katrin E Giel
This study uses novel biometric figure rating scales (FRS) spanning body mass index (BMI) 13.8 to 32.2 kg/m(2) and BMI 18 to 42 kg/m(2) . The aims of the study were (i) to compare FRS body weight dissatisfaction and perceptual distortion of women with anorexia nervosa (AN) to a community sample; (ii) how FRS parameters are associated with questionnaire body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms and appearance comparison habits; and (iii) whether the weight spectrum of the FRS matters. Women with AN (n = 24) and a community sample of women (n = 104) selected their current and ideal body on the FRS and completed additional questionnaires...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055822/anabolic-steroid-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-in-australia-and-new-zealand-associations-with-demographics-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life
#7
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Dunn, Aaron J Blashill
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gay and bisexual men may be at heightened risk for using anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Few studies, however, have examined AAS use among gay and bisexual men living in countries outside the United States. In addition, few studies have explored the potential associations of AAS use with body image concerns beyond muscularity, including height and genitals, or with eating disorder symptoms and quality of life. Thus, we examined the associations of AAS use, and of thoughts about using AAS, with body image, eating disorder symptoms, and quality of life among gay and bisexual men living in Australia and New Zealand...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046804/sport-practice-physical-structure-and-body-image-among-university-students
#8
Stefania Toselli, Federico Spiga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate body image perception in undergraduate students, and to investigate its associations with weight status, abdominal obesity, muscularity, gender and sport. METHODS: The sample consisted of 231 Italian students (174 males and 57 females); anthropometric measurements, taken by trained technicians, were: height, weight, arm-circumference, waist and hip circumferences. BMI, WHR and Δ arm-circumference were calculated...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977287/body-image-in-childhood-an-integrative-literature-review
#9
Clara Mockdece Neves, Flávia Marcelle Cipriani, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the scientific literature regarding the evaluation of body image in children through an integrative literature review. DATA SOURCE: An intersection of the keywords "body image" AND "child" was conducted in Scopus, Medline and Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde) databases. The electronic search was based on studies published from January 2013 to January 2016, in order to verify the most current investigations on the subject...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977269/body-dissatisfaction-among-iranian-youth-and-adults
#10
Behshid Garrusi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi
Despite the importance of body satisfaction on one's self image and well-being, little has been written about body image or how it affects people in Iran. The aim of this study is to assess body dissatisfaction and its risk factors in the general Iranian population. The sample size for this cross-sectional study included approximately 1,200 participants (both male and female) and was conducted in 2011. Body dissatisfaction (based on the Figure Rating Scale), demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI) and use of the media were recorded...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965052/-i-don-t-need-people-to-tell-me-i-m-pretty-on-social-media-a-qualitative-study-of-social-media-and-body-image-in-early-adolescent-girls
#11
C Blair Burnette, Melissa A Kwitowski, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Social media appear to contribute to body dissatisfaction in adolescents, although few empirical studies exist. This study used six focus groups (total N=38) to explore relations between social media use and body image in early adolescent girls (ages 12-14). Thematic analysis identified patterns in the data. In this sample, social media use was high. Girls endorsed some appearance concerns and social comparison, particularly with peers. However, they displayed high media literacy, appreciation of differences, and confidence, strategies that appeared helpful in mitigating the potential negative association between social media exposure and body image...
September 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#12
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944527/psychophysiological-changes-during-pure-vs-guided-mirror-exposure-therapies-in-women-with-high-body-dissatisfaction-what-are-they-learning-about-their-bodies
#13
Sandra Díaz-Ferrer, Sonia Rodríguez-Ruiz, Blanca Ortega-Roldán, José Luis Mata-Martín, M Carmen Fernández-Santaella
This study aimed to examine the psychophysiological changes resulting from two mirror exposure treatments that are effective at reducing body dissatisfaction. Thirty-five university women with body dissatisfaction and subclinical eating disorders were randomly assigned to one of two groups: pure (n = 17) or guided exposure (n = 18). The participants received six sessions of treatment. Their thoughts, feelings and avoidance behaviours were assessed after each session. Their subjective discomfort, heart rate and skin conductance were assessed within the sessions...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917215/a-pilot-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-dissonance-based-body-dissatisfaction-intervention-with-young-british-men
#14
Glen S Jankowski, Phillippa C Diedrichs, Melissa J Atkinson, Helen Fawkner, Brendan Gough, Emma Halliwell
This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men's dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds=0...
September 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891676/pornography-use-in-sexual-minority-males-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-thoughts-about-using-anabolic-steroids-and-quality-of-life
#15
Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
OBJECTIVE: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image-related and eating disorder-related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Our primary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males' body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that the type of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856236/overweight-and-body-image-perception-in-adolescents-with-triage-of-eating-disorders
#16
Roberta Stofeles Cecon, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Silvia Eloiza Priore
PURPOSE: To verify the influence of overweight and alteration in the perception of the corporal image during the triage of eating disorders. METHOD: A food disorder triage was performed in adolescents with 10 to 19 years of age using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), as well as a nutritional status evaluation. The perception of body image was evaluated in a subsample of adolescents with 10 to 14 years of age, using the Brazilian Silhouette Scale...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818788/does-the-work-environment-matter-sexual-objectification-and-waitresses-body-dissatisfaction
#17
Dawn M Szymanski, Renee Mikorski
We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses' body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818670/depictive-and-metric-body-size-estimation-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Simone Claire Mölbert, Lukas Klein, Anne Thaler, Betty J Mohler, Chiara Brozzo, Peter Martus, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Elisabeth Giel
A distorted representation of one's own body is a diagnostic criterion and core psychopathology of both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Despite recent technical advances in research, it is still unknown whether this body image disturbance is characterized by body dissatisfaction and a low ideal weight and/or includes a distorted perception or processing of body size. In this article, we provide an update and meta-analysis of 42 articles summarizing measures and results for body size estimation (BSE) from 926 individuals with AN, 536 individuals with BN and 1920 controls...
November 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761371/dissatisfaction-with-own-body-makes-patients-with-eating-disorders-more-sensitive-to-pain
#19
Anna Yamamotova, Josef Bulant, Vaclav Bocek, Hana Papezova
Body image represents a multidimensional concept including body image evaluation and perception of body appearance. Disturbances of body image perception are considered to be one of the central aspects of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. There is growing evidence that body image distortion can be associated with changes in pain perception. The aim of our study was to examine the associations between body image perception, body dissatisfaction, and nociception in women with eating disorders and age-matched healthy control women...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598025/a-diary-study-of-self-compassion-upward-social-comparisons-and-body-image-related-outcomes
#20
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Louisa Dodos, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person differences) between appearance-related self-compassion, appearance-related threats (operationalised as upward appearance comparisons), and body image-related variables, namely, social physique anxiety, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A diary methodology was used whereby young women (n = 126; Mage = 21...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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