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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#1
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869572/is-listening-to-fat-talk-the-same-as-participating-in-fat-talk
#2
Linda Lin, Meghann Soby
Our study examined whether verbally participating in fat talk conversations had a different effect on women's body image perception than merely listening to friends engage in fat talk conversations. Participants were 321 women who completed measures of listening to and participating in fat talk conversations, drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and dietary restraint. Results indicated that verbally participating in fat talk was a much stronger predictor of women's drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and dietary restraint than merely listening to friends engage in fat talk conversations...
November 21, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#3
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863371/healthy-me-a-gender-specific-program-to-address-body-image-concerns-and-risk-factors-among-preadolescents
#4
Marita P McCabe, Catherine Connaughton, Gemma Tatangelo, David Mellor
This study evaluated a gender-specific, school-based program to promote positive body image and address risk factors for body dissatisfaction. In total, 652 children aged 8-10 years participated (335 intervention, 317 wait-list control). Children participated in four 60min sessions and a recap session at three months post-intervention. The broad content areas were body image, peer relationships, media awareness, healthy diet, and exercise. The activities and examples for each session were gender specific. The recap session was an overview of the four sessions...
November 15, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830582/exposure-with-response-prevention-erp-for-body-dissatisfaction-in-a-group-therapy-format-an-exploratory-study
#5
Brad A Mac Neil, Pauline Leung, Vanessa Montemarano
PURPOSE: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine patient satisfaction and outcomes from exposure with response prevention (ERP) delivered in a group therapy format. The group was aimed at addressing eating disorder symptoms associated with body dissatisfaction in the later stages of outpatient treatment. METHODS: 33 adults with a DSM-5 diagnosis of an eating disorder participated in the ERP group. Participants completed pre- and post-ERP group measures of depression, anxiety, self-evaluation based on body image, restraint, eating concern, weight concern, shape concern, upward and downward appearance comparisons, and patient satisfaction...
November 9, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#6
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816699/the-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-body-figure-self-esteem-and-depressed-mood-in-adolescents-in-the-united-states-and-korea-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#7
Eunsoo Choi, Injae Choi
The perception of one's body image becomes particularly important in adolescence. Body dissatisfaction has been associated with negative psychological functioning, such as self-esteem and depression. Previous findings showed that the decreased self-esteem due to body dissatisfaction explained the association between negative attitude toward body and psychological well-being in different cultural contexts. The present study examined adolescents from the US (N = 1002) and Korea (N = 3993) and replicated and extended the previous findings regarding body dissatisfaction and associated psychological outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796596/computerized-assessment-of-body-image-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-comparison-with-standardized-body-image-assessment-tool
#8
Asaf Caspi, Revital Amiaz, Noa Davidson, Efrat Czerniak, Eitan Gur, Nahum Kiryati, Daniel Harari, Miriam Furst, Daniel Stein
: Body image disturbances are a prominent feature of eating disorders (EDs). Our aim was to test and evaluate a computerized assessment of body image (CABI), to compare the body image disturbances in different ED types, and to assess the factors affecting body image. The body image of 22 individuals undergoing inpatient treatment with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R), 22 with binge/purge AN (AN-B/P), 20 with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 41 healthy controls was assessed using the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (CDRS), the CABI, which simulated the participants' self-image in different levels of weight changes, and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2-Body Dissatisfaction (EDI-2-BD) scale...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764116/my-body-looks-like-that-girl-s-body-mass-index-modulates-brain-activity-during-body-image-self-reflection-among-young-women
#9
Xiao Gao, Xiao Deng, Xin Wen, Ying She, Petra Corianne Vinke, Hong Chen
Body image distress or body dissatisfaction is one of the most common consequences of obesity and overweight. We investigated the neural bases of body image processing in overweight and average weight young women to understand whether brain regions that were previously found to be involved in processing self-reflective, perspective and affective components of body image would show different activation between two groups. Thirteen overweight (O-W group, age = 20.31±1.70 years) and thirteen average weight (A-W group, age = 20...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759992/eating-attitudes-body-image-and-risk-for-eating-disorders-in-a-group-of-spanish-dancers
#10
Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Patricia Bolaños-Ríos, Eva Valero-Blanco, Ángeles Ortega-de-la-Torre
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of eating disorders (ED) and discrepancies between actual weight and weight perception seem much higher in dancers. The aims analysed in 77 dancers were: risk for ED; relationship between eating attitudes and psychological variables; dieting and self-weighing, and body image distortion. METHOD: Weight- and body image-related variables, dieting, self-reported physical fitness, specific ED-related variables and other psychological variables were assessed...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739586/weight-shape-and-muscularity-concerns-in-male-and-female-adolescents-predictors-of-change-and-influences-on-eating-concern
#11
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of age and weight status on adolescents' body dissatisfaction and its change over 20 months in a gender-comparing design. The influence of body image concern on eating concern was also investigated. METHOD: In a prospective study, 675 male and female adolescents aged 12-16 were assessed using self-report questionnaires on weight, shape, muscularity, and eating concerns. Height and weight measurements were taken by trained personnel...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697597/exposure-to-barbie-effects-on-thin-ideal-internalisation-body-esteem-and-body-dissatisfaction-among-young-girls
#12
Karlie Rice, Ivanka Prichard, Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
Barbie doll ownership is high among girls in early primary school. It has been suggested that exposure to Barbie impacts negatively on body image. The present study sought to investigate the effect of exposure to Barbie on young girls' thin-ideal internalisation, body esteem, and body dissatisfaction. Participants were 160 girls (aged 5-8 years) from Adelaide, South Australia. They were randomly allocated one of three Barbie conditions (physical engagement, physical observation, print observation) or to a control toy...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665505/is-fat-talk-more-believable-than-self-affirming-body-talk
#13
Alexandra F Corning, Michaela M Bucchianeri
Two experiments tested the extent to which the believability of women's body statements (fat talk or self-affirming) depends on their body type (thin or overweight). Experiment 1 (N=130) revealed fat talk was more believable than self-affirming talk regardless of body type. Experiment 2's (N=125) results showed, as hypothesized, that overweight women's fat talk was significantly more believable than fat talk by thin women and self-affirming talk by either thin or overweight women. Consistent with Experiment 1, there was a trend in Experiment 2 toward thin women's fat talk being more believable than their self-affirming talk...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614193/parental-bonds-and-body-dissatisfaction-in-a-clinical-sample-the-mediating-roles-of-attachment-anxiety-and-media-internalization
#14
Renee Grenon, Giorgio A Tasca, Hilary Maxwell, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Hany Bissada
We evaluated an attachment theory model in which mother and father care were hypothesized to be indirectly related to body dissatisfaction mediated by attachment anxiety and media internalization. Participants were 232 women diagnosed with an eating disorder who completed a retrospective measure of parental bonds, and measures of attachment anxiety, media internalization, and body image. Mother care was negatively associated with body dissatisfaction, suggesting that recollection of mothers as less caring was directly related to poorer body image...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598763/attractive-celebrity-and-peer-images-on-instagram-effect-on-women-s-mood-and-body-image
#15
Zoe Brown, Marika Tiggemann
A large body of research has documented that exposure to images of thin fashion models contributes to women's body dissatisfaction. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of attractive celebrity and peer images on women's body image. Participants were 138 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of celebrity images, a set of equally attractive unknown peer images, or a control set of travel images. All images were sourced from public Instagram profiles...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598493/-body-image-psychological-symptoms-and-eating-disorders-among-chilean-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Claudia Cruzat-Mandich, Fernanda Díaz-Castrillón, Paula Lizana-Calderón, Andrea Castro
UNLABELLED: The construction of body image is crucial during adolescent development. Several studies show that body dissatisfaction is common, especially among women. This is a risk factor for eating behavior disorders. AIM: To describe psychological variables and dimensions about body image among adolescents and young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three self-administered questionnaires, MBSRQ (Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire) that measures body image, Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) that measures the presence of psychological and psychiatric symptoms and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2), which measures eating problems, were applied to 1,438 students aged 19 ± 2...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591965/disclaimer-labels-on-fashion-magazine-advertisements-does-timing-of-digital-alteration-information-matter
#17
Belinda Bury, Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
The study aimed to investigate whether a message informing readers about digital alteration read before exposure to thin ideal advertisements would enhance the effectiveness of disclaimer labels. Participants were 280 female undergraduate students who viewed eleven thin ideal fashion magazine advertisements. Half viewed the advertisements in their original format, and half viewed the same advertisements with a digital alteration disclaimer label. Prior to viewing the advertisements, participants read either a brief message informing them that advertisements are commonly digitally altered, or a control message...
August 30, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558365/body-image-perception-of-african-immigrants-in-europe
#18
REVIEW
Stefania Toselli, Natascia Rinaldo, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
Nutritional disorders are now spreading worldwide both in developed and developing countries. Body image ideals and dissatisfaction have been linked to a number of poor health outcomes, including nutritional disorders. While previous studies have offered insight into weight status and body image perception of immigrants in North America, very few studies have analysed these aspects in migrants from Africa to Europe. Our review examines the effects of the migration process on beauty ideals and body dissatisfaction in African immigrants in Europe compared to residents in their own countries...
2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557652/body-image-dissatisfaction-physical-activity-and-screen-time-in-spanish-adolescents
#19
Elizabeth Añez, Albert Fornieles-Deu, Jordi Fauquet-Ars, Gemma López-Guimerà, Joaquim Puntí-Vidal, David Sánchez Carracedo
This cross-sectional study contributes to the literature on whether body dissatisfaction is a barrier/facilitator to engaging in physical activity and to investigate the impact of mass-media messages via computer-time on body dissatisfaction. High-school students (N = 1501) reported their physical activity, computer-time (homework/leisure) and body dissatisfaction. Researchers measured students' weight and height. Analyses revealed that body dissatisfaction was negatively associated with physical activity on both genders, whereas computer-time was associated only with girls' body dissatisfaction...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553058/the-impact-of-weight-labels-on-body-image-internalized-weight-stigma-affect-perceived-health-and-intended-weight-loss-behaviors-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-college-women
#20
Jamal H Essayli, Jessica M Murakami, Rebecca E Wilson, Janet D Latner
PURPOSE: To explore the psychological impact of weight labels. DESIGN: A double-blind experiment that randomly informed participants that they were "normal weight" or "overweight." SETTING: Public university in Honolulu, Hawai'i. PARTICIPANTS: Normal-weight and overweight female undergraduates (N = 113). MEASURES: The Body Image States Scale, Stunkard Rating Scale, Weight Bias Internalization Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, General Health question from the 12-item Short Form Health Survey, modified version of the Weight Loss Methods Scale, and a manipulation check...
August 23, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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