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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171420/body-image-satisfaction-eating-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-female-body-silhouettes-in-rural-south-african-adolescents
#1
Titilola M Pedro, Lisa K Micklesfield, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
This study aims to examine the associations between BMI, disordered eating attitude, body dissatisfaction in female adolescents, and descriptive attributes assigned to silhouettes of varying sizes in male and female adolescents, aged 11 to 15, in rural South Africa. Height and weight were measured to determine BMI. Age and sex-specific cut-offs for underweight and overweight/obesity were determined using the International Obesity Task Force cut-offs. Body image satisfaction using Feel-Ideal Discrepancy (FID) scores, Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and perceptual female silhouettes were collected through self-administered questionnaires in 385 adolescents from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HSDSS)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122229/weight-status-fatness-and-body-image-perception-of-north-african-immigrant-women-in-italy
#2
Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Natascia Rinaldo, Meriem Khyatti, Chérifa Lakhoua, Stefania Toselli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of North African (NA) immigrant women in Italy, analysing their body size, adiposity and body image perception in comparison to Italian natives and NA residents. DESIGN: The study utilized a cross-sectional design. Anthropometric traits were directly measured and a few indices were computed as proxy measures of nutritional status and adiposity. Body image perception was assessed using silhouette drawings. ANCOVA, adjusted for age, was used to compare anthropometric traits among different groups of women and the χ 2 test to analyse differences in the prevalence of nutritional status...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640705/perceived-and-ideal-body-image-in-young-women-in-south-western-saudi-arabia
#3
Atika Khalaf, Albert Westergren, Vanja Berggren, Örjan Ekblom, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate perceived and ideal body image (BI) and associated factors among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 663 university female students. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, and BI perception (the 9-figure silhouette) were obtained. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were conducted. RESULTS: An agreement between actual, perceived, and ideal BI was found in 23% of the participants...
2015: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26573472/-validity-and-reliability-of-two-silhouette-scales-to-asses-the-body-image-in-adolescent-students
#4
Germán Eduardo Rueda-Jaimes, Paul Anthony Camacho López, Silvia Milena Flórez, Andrés Mauricio Rangel Martínez-Villalba
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the 13-figure images scale (13-CS) and Standard Figural Stimuli (SFS) for the evaluation of body images in adolescent students from Bucaramanga. METHODS: A probabilistic sample with 189 students was evaluated with the two scales. Two weeks later, the valuation together with the size, weight, percentage of body fat, SCOFF questionnaire and Rosenberg self-esteem valuation was repeated. RESULTS: The average age was 14...
March 2012: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26445150/body-image-among-men-who-practice-body-building-comparison-by-age-economic-status-and-city-size
#5
Diego A S Silva, Rafael C Da Silva, Eliane C A Gonçalves
Identifying the factors that influence the body image of body builders is important for understanding this construct. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between body image and age, socioeconomic status, and place of residence of body builders from two cities in Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 301 body builders with an average age of 25.2 yr. (SD = 3.5) was carried out. The Muscle Silhouette Measure scale was used, in which the discrepancy between current and desired silhouette was examined...
October 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409175/gender-differences-in-body-image-and-preferences-for-an-ideal-silhouette-among-brazilian-undergraduates
#6
Maria Fernanda Laus, Telma Maria Braga Costa, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences in the accuracy of body size estimation and body dissatisfaction among Brazilian undergraduates and their relationships with perceptions of the ideal body silhouettes that would be selected by same-gender and opposite-gender peers. A total of 159 undergraduates (79 males) from a public University in Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They completed a Figure Rating Scale and indicated the figure that best describes the size of their own body (actual), their desired body, the body they judged would be ideal to same-gender peers, and the body they judged would be ideal to opposite-gender peers...
December 2015: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26217514/body-shape-expectations-and-self-ideal-body-shape-discrepancy-in-women-seeking-bariatric-surgery-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hilary I Price, Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: Postoperative body shape expectations (BSE) of bariatric surgery candidates remain relatively unexplored, and may have important implications for weight loss outcomes, treatment satisfaction, and education. METHODS: The 'Silhouette Figure Rating Scale' was administered to 69 consecutive female candidates. Self-perceived current and goal body shape and postoperative BSE in four categories; "dream, "happy", "acceptable", and "disappointed" were examined...
2014: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25945123/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-mental-health-in-ghanaian-adolescents
#8
Mavis Asare, Samuel A Danquah
BACKGROUND: Research development is needed in physical activity and sedentary behaviour and their associations with mental health in young people. In Western countries the weather is a key contributing factor of sedentary behaviour in youth. The likely contributing factor of sedentary behaviour among African youth has not been explored. This study examined the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health in African young people. METHODS: Participants were 296 adolescents (150 males, 146 females) aged 13 to 18 years (mean = 14...
2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25929403/-analysis-of-body-image-perception-of-university-students-in-navarra
#9
Ma Nelia Soto Ruiz, Blanca Marin Fernández, Inés Aguinaga Ontoso, Francisco Guillén-Grima, Inmaculada Serrano Mozó, Navidad Canga Armayor, Juana Hermoso de Mendoza Cantón, Christiane Stock, Alexander Kraemer, James Annan
INTRODUCTION: Current models of beauty represent an extreme thinness in the women and a muscular body in the men. The body image perception will condition the search of ideal beauty through different behaviors and can be transform in eating disorders. The university students, with the changes typical of youth and university transition, are a vulnerable group. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the body image perception of university students in Navarra...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25923302/prevalence-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-physical-education-students
#10
Elisa Pinheiro Ferrari, Edio Luiz Petroski, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with body image dissatisfaction among physical education students enrolled in a public university. METHODS: This study evaluated 236 students and assessed body image perception (silhouette scale), sociodemographic variables (sex, age, parental education, marital status, university course, work, living arrangement, study shift, and income), physical activity level (International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Version), dietary habits, tobacco use, excessive intake of alcohol (questions from the tobacco, alcohol and drugs, and nutrition domains of the FANTASTIC instrument), and nutritional status (body mass index [BMI])...
2013: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25795978/perception-of-body-image-of-adolescents-and-of-their-parents-in-relation-to-the-nutritional-status-and-blood-pressure
#11
Raquel Silveira Vieira, Simone Morelo Dal Bosco, Magali Trezinha Quevedo Grave, Fernanda Scherer Adami
UNLABELLED: The perception of body image of adolescents is an instrument for nutritional assessment to health conditions. OBJECTIVE: To verify the body image perception of adolescents and their parents in relation to nutritional status and blood pressure levels. METHODS: Population-based study, and cross-sectional model, conducted with parents and adolescents aged 10-19 years old, in rural and urban zones in public schools. There was applied the Scale silhouettes for parents about the perception of the described body image and a question about the concern of the nutritional status of their children...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25701442/body-image-perception-and-its-association-with-body-mass-index-and-nutrient-intakes-among-female-college-students-aged-18-35%C3%A2-years-from-tabriz-iran
#12
Beitullah Alipour, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Mahdieh Alipour
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that body image perception is an important factor in weight management and can be influenced by several social or cultural factors in Western or non-Western societies; however, body image perception and its nutritional and demographic determinants in Iran have not been extensively studied. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate body image perception and its socio-demographic and nutritional determinants among female university students in Tabriz City of Iran...
December 2015: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25632823/body-dissatisfaction-and-the-wish-for-different-silhouette-is-associated-with-higher-adiposity-and-fat-intake-in-female-ballet-dancers-than-male
#13
Camila Lacerda Da Silva, Erick Prado De Oliveira, Maysa Vieira De Sousa, Gustavo D Pimentel
BACKGROUND: It is known that behavioral disorders and altered food intake are linked to ballet dancers. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the body composition, dietetic profile, self-perceived body image and social desirability in professional ballet dancers. METHODS: This study was conducted from April to October 2010 in athletes screened for nutritional evaluation. Anthropometric, dietary, social desirability and self-perceived body image evaluation were performed to attend the aim of study...
January 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25533406/eating-attitudes-body-image-satisfaction-and-self-esteem-of-south-african-black-and-white-male-adolescents-and-their-perception-of-female-body-silhouettes
#14
Tabither M Gitau, Lisa K Micklesfield, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
This cross-sectional study of urban high schools in Johannesburg, South Africa, sought to examine eating attitudes, body image and self-esteem among male adolescents (n = 391). Anthropometric measurements, Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Rosenberg self-esteem, body image satisfaction and perception of females were collected at age 13, 15 and 17 years. Descriptive analysis was done to describe the sample, and non-parametric Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test was used to test for significant differences between data that were not normally distributed (EAT-26)...
2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25469465/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-anthropometric-indicators-in-male-children-and-adolescents
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
E P Ferrari, G Minatto, J Berria, S F Dos S Silva, Y L Fidelix, R R Ribeiro, K D Santos, E L Petroski
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body image dissatisfaction and body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) and to identify which of these anthropometric indicators are more strongly associated, and finally to estimate the prevalence of overweight and high body adiposity in male children and adolescents, according to maturational stages. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Overall, 1499 students aged from 7 to 17 years from Cascavel, PR, Brazil, were evaluated...
October 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25462878/body-ideals-for-heterosexual-romantic-partners-gender-and-sociocultural-influences
#16
Sarah K Murnen, Katherine Poinsatte, Karen Huntsman, Jesse Goldfarb, Daniel Glaser
In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use...
January 2015: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25359096/social-trajectory-and-body-image-satisfaction-in-childbearing-women
#17
Ana Henriques, Luís Alves, Elisabete Alves, Susana Silva, Henrique Barros, Ana Azevedo
Advantaged socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with lower body image satisfaction (BIS) among women. However, motherhood and social trajectory (an individual's path from childhood SEP to adulthood SEP) could change this relationship. We aimed to assess the association between social trajectory and BIS immediately before getting pregnant in primiparous and multiparous mothers of a birth cohort. The birth cohort Generation XXI was assembled after delivery, in Porto, in 2005-2006. This analysis includes 5,470 women...
June 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25331685/perceptions-of-body-habitus-and-cultural-health-among-hispanic-adults
#18
Lisa Franzen-Castle, Trina Aguirre
To investigate whether perceptions of health and health outcomes are impacted by acculturation level, nativity, and years in the United States (US) for Hispanic adults in the Nebraska Panhandle. Focus groups (n = 10), surveys (demographics, body image silhouettes, and acculturation), and anthropometric measurements were conducted. US-born (n = 36) had higher household incomes, education level, and acculturation scores compared to foreign-born (n = 23). Years in the US was positively correlated with acculturation and anthropometrics...
August 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25310343/changes-in-eating-attitudes-body-esteem-and-weight-control-behaviours-during-adolescence-in-a-south-african-cohort
#19
Tabither M Gitau, Lisa K Micklesfield, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
Failure to consume an adequate diet or over consumption during adolescence can disrupt normal growth and development, resulting in undesirable weight change. This leads to an increase in unhealthy weight control practices related to eating and exercise among both adolescent girls and boys to meet the societal 'ideal' body shape. This study therefore aims to examine the longitudinal changes in eating attitudes, body-esteem and weight control behaviours among adolescents between 13 and 17 years; and, to describe perceptions around body shape at age 17 years...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25272266/agreement-and-association-between-different-indicators-of-body-image-and-body-mass-index-in-adolescents
#20
Carla Fernandez Dos Santos, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Letícia Ferreira Tavares
The aim of the study was to examine the correlation among different indicators of body image; between each one of these and nutritional status; and the association of these indicators with the Body Mass Index (BMI) of adolescents. A random sample of 152 students from public and private schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was studied. On four occasions, two silhouette scales and two questions regarding the opinion of the student about his/her body and weight were applied and weight and height were measured...
July 2014: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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