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"body image" "silhouettes"

Sameer Hassamal, Alexandru Trutia, Alican Dalkilic, Ananda K Pandurangi
OBJECTIVE: Body image perceptions, and attitudes toward obesity were examined and compared between psychotic and non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder. METHODS: 80 psychotic patients and 36 non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder admitted to an acute inpatient psychiatric unit participated in the study. On admission, each patient completed a visual silhouettes scale of actual self and ideal self, as well as the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons (ATOP) scale...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
March 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
Titilola M Pedro, Lisa K Micklesfield, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
This study aims to examine the associations between BMI, disordered eating attitude, body dissatisfaction in female adolescents, and descriptive attributes assigned to silhouettes of varying sizes in male and female adolescents, aged 11 to 15, in rural South Africa. Height and weight were measured to determine BMI. Age and sex-specific cut-offs for underweight and overweight/obesity were determined using the International Obesity Task Force cut-offs. Body image satisfaction using Feel-Ideal Discrepancy (FID) scores, Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and perceptual female silhouettes were collected through self-administered questionnaires in 385 adolescents from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HSDSS)...
2016: PloS One
Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Natascia Rinaldo, Meriem Khyatti, Chérifa Lakhoua, Stefania Toselli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of North African (NA) immigrant women in Italy, analysing their body size, adiposity and body image perception in comparison to Italian natives and NA residents. DESIGN: The study utilized a cross-sectional design. Anthropometric traits were directly measured and a few indices were computed as proxy measures of nutritional status and adiposity. Body image perception was assessed using silhouette drawings. ANCOVA, adjusted for age, was used to compare anthropometric traits among different groups of women and the χ 2 test to analyse differences in the prevalence of nutritional status...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Atika Khalaf, Albert Westergren, Vanja Berggren, Örjan Ekblom, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate perceived and ideal body image (BI) and associated factors among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 663 university female students. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, and BI perception (the 9-figure silhouette) were obtained. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were conducted. RESULTS: An agreement between actual, perceived, and ideal BI was found in 23% of the participants...
2015: Journal of Obesity
Germán Eduardo Rueda-Jaimes, Paul Anthony Camacho López, Silvia Milena Flórez, Andrés Mauricio Rangel Martínez-Villalba
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the 13-figure images scale (13-CS) and Standard Figural Stimuli (SFS) for the evaluation of body images in adolescent students from Bucaramanga. METHODS: A probabilistic sample with 189 students was evaluated with the two scales. Two weeks later, the valuation together with the size, weight, percentage of body fat, SCOFF questionnaire and Rosenberg self-esteem valuation was repeated. RESULTS: The average age was 14...
March 2012: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Diego A S Silva, Rafael C Da Silva, Eliane C A Gonçalves
Identifying the factors that influence the body image of body builders is important for understanding this construct. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between body image and age, socioeconomic status, and place of residence of body builders from two cities in Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 301 body builders with an average age of 25.2 yr. (SD = 3.5) was carried out. The Muscle Silhouette Measure scale was used, in which the discrepancy between current and desired silhouette was examined...
October 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Maria Fernanda Laus, Telma Maria Braga Costa, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences in the accuracy of body size estimation and body dissatisfaction among Brazilian undergraduates and their relationships with perceptions of the ideal body silhouettes that would be selected by same-gender and opposite-gender peers. A total of 159 undergraduates (79 males) from a public University in Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They completed a Figure Rating Scale and indicated the figure that best describes the size of their own body (actual), their desired body, the body they judged would be ideal to same-gender peers, and the body they judged would be ideal to opposite-gender peers...
December 2015: Eating Behaviors
Hilary I Price, Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: Postoperative body shape expectations (BSE) of bariatric surgery candidates remain relatively unexplored, and may have important implications for weight loss outcomes, treatment satisfaction, and education. METHODS: The 'Silhouette Figure Rating Scale' was administered to 69 consecutive female candidates. Self-perceived current and goal body shape and postoperative BSE in four categories; "dream, "happy", "acceptable", and "disappointed" were examined...
2014: BMC Obesity
Mavis Asare, Samuel A Danquah
BACKGROUND: Research development is needed in physical activity and sedentary behaviour and their associations with mental health in young people. In Western countries the weather is a key contributing factor of sedentary behaviour in youth. The likely contributing factor of sedentary behaviour among African youth has not been explored. This study examined the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health in African young people. METHODS: Participants were 296 adolescents (150 males, 146 females) aged 13 to 18 years (mean = 14...
2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ma Nelia Soto Ruiz, Blanca Marin Fernández, Inés Aguinaga Ontoso, Francisco Guillén-Grima, Inmaculada Serrano Mozó, Navidad Canga Armayor, Juana Hermoso de Mendoza Cantón, Christiane Stock, Alexander Kraemer, James Annan
INTRODUCTION: Current models of beauty represent an extreme thinness in the women and a muscular body in the men. The body image perception will condition the search of ideal beauty through different behaviors and can be transform in eating disorders. The university students, with the changes typical of youth and university transition, are a vulnerable group. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the body image perception of university students in Navarra...
May 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Elisa Pinheiro Ferrari, Edio Luiz Petroski, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with body image dissatisfaction among physical education students enrolled in a public university. METHODS: This study evaluated 236 students and assessed body image perception (silhouette scale), sociodemographic variables (sex, age, parental education, marital status, university course, work, living arrangement, study shift, and income), physical activity level (International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Version), dietary habits, tobacco use, excessive intake of alcohol (questions from the tobacco, alcohol and drugs, and nutrition domains of the FANTASTIC instrument), and nutritional status (body mass index [BMI])...
2013: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Raquel Silveira Vieira, Simone Morelo Dal Bosco, Magali Trezinha Quevedo Grave, Fernanda Scherer Adami
UNLABELLED: The perception of body image of adolescents is an instrument for nutritional assessment to health conditions. OBJECTIVE: To verify the body image perception of adolescents and their parents in relation to nutritional status and blood pressure levels. METHODS: Population-based study, and cross-sectional model, conducted with parents and adolescents aged 10-19 years old, in rural and urban zones in public schools. There was applied the Scale silhouettes for parents about the perception of the described body image and a question about the concern of the nutritional status of their children...
April 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Beitullah Alipour, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Mahdieh Alipour
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that body image perception is an important factor in weight management and can be influenced by several social or cultural factors in Western or non-Western societies; however, body image perception and its nutritional and demographic determinants in Iran have not been extensively studied. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate body image perception and its socio-demographic and nutritional determinants among female university students in Tabriz City of Iran...
December 2015: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Camila Lacerda Da Silva, Erick Prado De Oliveira, Maysa Vieira De Sousa, Gustavo D Pimentel
BACKGROUND: It is known that behavioral disorders and altered food intake are linked to ballet dancers. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the body composition, dietetic profile, self-perceived body image and social desirability in professional ballet dancers. METHODS: This study was conducted from April to October 2010 in athletes screened for nutritional evaluation. Anthropometric, dietary, social desirability and self-perceived body image evaluation were performed to attend the aim of study...
January 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Tabither M Gitau, Lisa K Micklesfield, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
This cross-sectional study of urban high schools in Johannesburg, South Africa, sought to examine eating attitudes, body image and self-esteem among male adolescents (n = 391). Anthropometric measurements, Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Rosenberg self-esteem, body image satisfaction and perception of females were collected at age 13, 15 and 17 years. Descriptive analysis was done to describe the sample, and non-parametric Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test was used to test for significant differences between data that were not normally distributed (EAT-26)...
2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
E P Ferrari, G Minatto, J Berria, S F Dos S Silva, Y L Fidelix, R R Ribeiro, K D Santos, E L Petroski
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body image dissatisfaction and body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) and to identify which of these anthropometric indicators are more strongly associated, and finally to estimate the prevalence of overweight and high body adiposity in male children and adolescents, according to maturational stages. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Overall, 1499 students aged from 7 to 17 years from Cascavel, PR, Brazil, were evaluated...
October 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sarah K Murnen, Katherine Poinsatte, Karen Huntsman, Jesse Goldfarb, Daniel Glaser
In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use...
January 2015: Body Image
Ana Henriques, Luís Alves, Elisabete Alves, Susana Silva, Henrique Barros, Ana Azevedo
Advantaged socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with lower body image satisfaction (BIS) among women. However, motherhood and social trajectory (an individual's path from childhood SEP to adulthood SEP) could change this relationship. We aimed to assess the association between social trajectory and BIS immediately before getting pregnant in primiparous and multiparous mothers of a birth cohort. The birth cohort Generation XXI was assembled after delivery, in Porto, in 2005-2006. This analysis includes 5,470 women...
June 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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