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"body image" "silhouettes"

Lindsay Heidelberger, Chery Smith
Objectives Pediatric obesity is complicated by many factors including psychological issues, such as body dissatisfaction. Body image assessment tools are used with children to measure their acceptance of their body shape or image. Limited research has been conducted with African American and American Indian children to understand their opinions on assessment tools created. This study investigated: (a) children's perception about body image and (b) differences between two body image instruments among low-income, multi-ethnic children...
March 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kui Wang, Rui Liang, Zhen-Ling Ma, Jue Chen, Eric F C Cheung, David R Roalf, Ruben C Gur, Raymond C K Chan
The present study aimed to examine body image attitude in Chinese college students and related psychological consequences. A silhouette-matching test was administered to 425 college students in mainland China. Self-esteem, negative emotions, subjective well-being, and eating-disorder-related weight-controlling behaviors were also measured. Only 12.9% of the participants were satisfied with their figure and the extent of body image dissatisfaction was comparable for both sexes. The majority of the female participants indicated a preference to be more slender...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Miguel Kazarez, Francisco Esparza-Ros
BACKGROUND: Dance discipline could modulate the presence of alterations in body image, which is a factor relationship with eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the body image distortion and dissatisfaction in student dancers based on dance discipline. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-eight preadolescents, adolescents and young classical, contemporary and Spanish dancers took part in the study. Participants self-fulfilled the "silhouette scale for adolescents" in order to determine the perceived and ideal image...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie V Wrottesley, Emmanuel Cohen, Ankita Reddy, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Rhian Twine, Stephen M Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
The persistence of food insecurity, malnutrition, increasing adiposity, and decreasing physical activity, heightens the need to understand relationships between body image satisfaction, eating attitudes, BMI and physical activity levels in South Africa. Females aged 18-23 years were recruited from rural (n = 509) and urban (n = 510) settings. Body image satisfaction was measured using Stunkard's silhouettes, and the 26-item Eating Attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26) was used to evaluate participants' risk of disordered eating...
2017: PloS One
Stefania Toselli, Federico Spiga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate body image perception in undergraduate students, and to investigate its associations with weight status, abdominal obesity, muscularity, gender and sport. METHODS: The sample consisted of 231 Italian students (174 males and 57 females); anthropometric measurements, taken by trained technicians, were: height, weight, arm-circumference, waist and hip circumferences. BMI, WHR and Δ arm-circumference were calculated...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
Clara Mockdece Neves, Flávia Marcelle Cipriani, Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the scientific literature regarding the evaluation of body image in children through an integrative literature review. DATA SOURCE: An intersection of the keywords "body image" AND "child" was conducted in Scopus, Medline and Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde) databases. The electronic search was based on studies published from January 2013 to January 2016, in order to verify the most current investigations on the subject...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Sarah Grogan, Jayne Mechan, Sofia Persson, Sive Finlay, Matthew Hall
This study investigated how women constructed body image following cancer. Four women, aged 32-67 years, who had experienced breast or bowel cancer took part in a 2-hour, in-depth focus group. Discourse analysis revealed that women orientated to positive aspects of the post-treatment body (silhouette, trust, acceptance) while acknowledging that their experiences were also traumatic (hair loss, scarring, sickness, swelling). Bodies and illness were concealed from public judgment, and women developed new trust in their bodies due to overcoming cancer; post-cancer bodies were accepted despite opportunities for normalisation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Roberta Stofeles Cecon, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Silvia Eloiza Priore
PURPOSE: To verify the influence of overweight and alteration in the perception of the corporal image during the triage of eating disorders. METHOD: A food disorder triage was performed in adolescents with 10 to 19 years of age using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), as well as a nutritional status evaluation. The perception of body image was evaluated in a subsample of adolescents with 10 to 14 years of age, using the Brazilian Silhouette Scale...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
Thábyta Silva de Araujo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Paulo César de Almeida, Mariana Cavalcante Martins, Queliane Gomes da Silva Carvalho, Ana Cristina Pereira de Jesus Costa, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira
This study aimed to evaluate sociodemographic, behavioral, and individual factors associated with body image perception in a sample of adolescents from schools in low Human Development Index areas in Brazil. This cross-sectional study included 609 boys and 573 girls (aged 11-17 years). Body image perception (nine-silhouettes scale) and sociodemographic, behavioral, and individual variables were included. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used. Most boys (76.9%) and girls (77.5%) were dissatisfied with their body image...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Sameer Hassamal, Alexandru Trutia, Alican Dalkilic, Ananda K Pandurangi
OBJECTIVE: Body image perceptions, and attitudes toward obesity were examined and compared between psychotic and non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder. METHODS: 80 psychotic patients and 36 non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder admitted to an acute inpatient psychiatric unit participated in the study. On admission, each patient completed a visual silhouettes scale of actual self and ideal self, as well as the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons (ATOP) scale...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
January 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
Titilola M Pedro, Lisa K Micklesfield, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
This study aims to examine the associations between BMI, disordered eating attitude, body dissatisfaction in female adolescents, and descriptive attributes assigned to silhouettes of varying sizes in male and female adolescents, aged 11 to 15, in rural South Africa. Height and weight were measured to determine BMI. Age and sex-specific cut-offs for underweight and overweight/obesity were determined using the International Obesity Task Force cut-offs. Body image satisfaction using Feel-Ideal Discrepancy (FID) scores, Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and perceptual female silhouettes were collected through self-administered questionnaires in 385 adolescents from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HSDSS)...
2016: PloS One
Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Natascia Rinaldo, Meriem Khyatti, Chérifa Lakhoua, Stefania Toselli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of North African (NA) immigrant women in Italy, analysing their body size, adiposity and body image perception in comparison to Italian natives and NA residents. DESIGN: The study utilized a cross-sectional design. Anthropometric traits were directly measured and a few indices were computed as proxy measures of nutritional status and adiposity. Body image perception was assessed using silhouette drawings. ANCOVA, adjusted for age, was used to compare anthropometric traits among different groups of women and the χ 2 test to analyse differences in the prevalence of nutritional status...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Atika Khalaf, Albert Westergren, Vanja Berggren, Örjan Ekblom, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate perceived and ideal body image (BI) and associated factors among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 663 university female students. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, and BI perception (the 9-figure silhouette) were obtained. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were conducted. RESULTS: An agreement between actual, perceived, and ideal BI was found in 23% of the participants...
2015: Journal of Obesity
Germán Eduardo Rueda-Jaimes, Paul Anthony Camacho López, Silvia Milena Flórez, Andrés Mauricio Rangel Martínez-Villalba
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the 13-figure images scale (13-CS) and Standard Figural Stimuli (SFS) for the evaluation of body images in adolescent students from Bucaramanga. METHODS: A probabilistic sample with 189 students was evaluated with the two scales. Two weeks later, the valuation together with the size, weight, percentage of body fat, SCOFF questionnaire and Rosenberg self-esteem valuation was repeated. RESULTS: The average age was 14...
March 2012: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Diego A S Silva, Rafael C Da Silva, Eliane C A Gonçalves
Identifying the factors that influence the body image of body builders is important for understanding this construct. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between body image and age, socioeconomic status, and place of residence of body builders from two cities in Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 301 body builders with an average age of 25.2 yr. (SD = 3.5) was carried out. The Muscle Silhouette Measure scale was used, in which the discrepancy between current and desired silhouette was examined...
October 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Maria Fernanda Laus, Telma Maria Braga Costa, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences in the accuracy of body size estimation and body dissatisfaction among Brazilian undergraduates and their relationships with perceptions of the ideal body silhouettes that would be selected by same-gender and opposite-gender peers. A total of 159 undergraduates (79 males) from a public University in Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They completed a Figure Rating Scale and indicated the figure that best describes the size of their own body (actual), their desired body, the body they judged would be ideal to same-gender peers, and the body they judged would be ideal to opposite-gender peers...
December 2015: Eating Behaviors
Hilary I Price, Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: Postoperative body shape expectations (BSE) of bariatric surgery candidates remain relatively unexplored, and may have important implications for weight loss outcomes, treatment satisfaction, and education. METHODS: The 'Silhouette Figure Rating Scale' was administered to 69 consecutive female candidates. Self-perceived current and goal body shape and postoperative BSE in four categories; "dream, "happy", "acceptable", and "disappointed" were examined...
2014: BMC Obesity
Mavis Asare, Samuel A Danquah
BACKGROUND: Research development is needed in physical activity and sedentary behaviour and their associations with mental health in young people. In Western countries the weather is a key contributing factor of sedentary behaviour in youth. The likely contributing factor of sedentary behaviour among African youth has not been explored. This study examined the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health in African young people. METHODS: Participants were 296 adolescents (150 males, 146 females) aged 13 to 18 years (mean = 14...
2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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