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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316111/etoposide-as-a-single-agent-in-the-treatment-of-mycosis-fungoides-a-retrospective-analysis
#1
Seda Purnak, Jose Azar, Lawrence Aaron Mark
Several chemotherapy agents have shown efficacy in the treatment of mycosis fungoides (MF). In the literature, there is limited data on the use of single agent etoposide for MF. We aimed to retrospectively review our experience with single agent etoposide in the treatment of advanced-stage or refractory early-stage MF with focus on analyzing its efficacy and safety. We included 13 MF patients who were treated with single agent etoposide. Patients were identified through the Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma Database of Indiana University that involves patients treated from 2006 to 2016...
January 9, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306724/first-molecular-evidence-of-equine-granulocytic-anaplasmosis-in-pakistan
#2
Sehrish Saleem, Muhammad Ijaz, Shahid Hussain Farooqi, Muhammad Imran Rashid, Amjad Khan, Awais Masud, Amjad Islam Aqib, Kashif Hussain, Khalid Mehmood, Hui Zhang
Anaplasma phagocytophilum (A. phagocytophilum) is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes equine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) disease in equines. This pathogen has zoonotic potential, which makes it very important to be detected and controlled as early as possible. This study was aimed to assess the molecular prevalence, associated risk factors of EGA along with its effects on various hematological parameters. This study revealed an overall 10.67% prevalence in equine. Horses showed highest prevalence followed by mules and donkeys presenting 11...
January 4, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304497/predictors-of-hematological-abnormalities-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-treated-with-fingolimod-and-dimethyl-fumarate-and-impact-of-treatment-switch-on-lymphocyte-and-leukocyte-count
#3
M Baharnoori, C T Gonzalez, A Chua, C Diaz-Cruz, B C Healy, J Stankiewicz, H L Weiner, T Chitnis
BACKGROUND: There is limited data regarding the predictors of hematological abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with dimethyl fumarate (DMF) or fingolimod (FNG), and the impact of treatment switch on lymphocyte and leukocyte count METHODS: We identified 405 patients on DMF and 300 patients on FNG (treatment duration: at least 12 month) within a large prospective study of MS patients conducted at the Partners MS Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB study) between Jan 2011 to Feb 2016...
December 14, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302022/effect-of-immunosuppression-on-target-blood-immune-cells-within-1-year-after-lung-transplantation-influence-of-age-on-t-lymphocytes
#4
Benjamin Coiffard, Matthieu Pelardy, Anderson D Loundou, Corine Nicolino-Brunet, Pascal Alexandre Thomas, Laurent Papazian, Françoise Dignat-George, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert
BACKGROUND Lymphocytes are targeted by immunosuppressive therapy in solid organ transplantation and they influence allograft outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (PBLS) determined by flow cytometry during the first year post-transplant from patients who underwent a first lung transplantation in a French University Hospital between December 2011 and July 2013 were retrospectively analyzed according to recipient characteristics and allograft outcome. RESULTS Fifty-seven recipients were enrolled and 890 PBLS were collected...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297167/health-status-of-pelophylax-ridibundus-amphibia-ranidae-in-a-rice-paddy-ecosystem-in-southern-bulgaria-and-its-importance-in-assessing-environmental-state-haematological-parameters
#5
Zhivko Zhelev, Stefan Tsonev, Katerina Georgieva, Desislava Arnaudova
Pollution effects on haematological parameters in Pelophylax ridibundus individuals were investigated; animals were collected from two sites in Southern Bulgaria: the Tsalapitsa rice fields (RF) and the Vacha river (reference site, RS). Blood analysis showed significant differences between the haematological parameters of RBC, WBC, Hb, packed cell volume (PCV) and frogs' leucogram from RF and those from RS. These findings provide information on long-term background pollution of the habitat (RF) under investigation...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296636/characterization-of-lymphopenia-in-patients-with-ms-treated-with-dimethyl-fumarate-and-fingolimod
#6
Maryam Nakhaei-Nejad, David Barilla, Chieh-Hsin Lee, Gregg Blevins, Fabrizio Giuliani
Objective: Lymphopenia is a common occurrence of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The aim of this study was to dissect the prevalence of various lymphocyte subsets in patients with RRMS treated with 2 DMTs commonly associated with lymphopenia, dimethyl fumarate (DMF), and fingolimod (FTY). Methods: Multicolor flow cytometry and multiplex assays were used to identify up to 50 lymphocyte subpopulations and to examine the expression of multiple cytokines in selected patients...
March 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285832/nimotuzumab-combined-with-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-japanese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-a-phase-i-study
#7
Ken Kato, Takashi Ura, Wasaburo Koizumi, Satoru Iwasa, Chikatoshi Katada, Mizutomo Azuma, Satoshi Ishikura, Yoshinori Nakao, Hiroshi Onuma, Kei Muro
Nimotuzumab is a humanized anti-epidermal growth factor receptor IgG1 monoclonal antibody. This phase I study assessed the tolerability, safety, efficacy, and PK of nimotuzumab in combination with chemoradiotherapy in Japanese patients with esophageal cancer. Patients with stage II, III, and IV esophageal cancer were enrolled. Patients were planned to receive nimotuzumab (level 1: 200 mg/week for 25 weeks; or level 2: 400 mg/week in the chemoradiation period, 400 mg biweekly in an additional chemotherapy period [8 weeks after the chemoradiation period] and a maintenance therapy period [after chemotherapy to 25 weeks]) combined with cisplatin (75 mg/m2 on day 1) and fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2 on days 1 to 4) in the chemoradiation and additional chemotherapy periods...
December 29, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285180/herpes-zoster-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-clinical-features-complications-and-risk-factors
#8
Dongying Chen, Hao Li, Jingyi Xie, Zhongping Zhan, Liuqin Liang, Xiuyan Yang
Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reported as the most prevalent viral infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical features, complications, and potential risk factors of HZ in patients with SLE from Southern China. A retrospective study was performed among patients with SLE admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-Sen University (Guangzhou, China) between 2009 and 2013. Demographic information, clinical and laboratory data, and medications used were collected and analyzed...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282795/interplay-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-with-cell-mediated-and-humoral-immunity-of-host
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Abubakar, Shumaila Manzoor, Afshan Ahmed
Foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes a communicable disease of cloven hoofed animals, resulting in major economic losses during disease outbreaks. Like other members of the Picornaviridae FMDV has a relatively short infectious cycle; initiation of infection and dissemination, with production of infectious virions occurs in less than a week. The components of innate immunity as well as cell-mediated and humoral immunity play a crucial role in control of FMDV. However, it has been shown in vitro using a mouse model that FMDV has evolved certain mechanisms to counteract host immune responses ensuring its survival and spread...
December 28, 2017: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280490/doxycycline-treatment-efficacy-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-infection
#10
C B Yancey, P P V P Diniz, E B Breitschwerdt, B C Hegarty, C Wiesen, B A Qurollo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate doxycycline treatment efficacy and post-treatment pathogen persistence in dogs naturally infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in endemic regions of the USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Symptomatic dogs in four US states (MN, WI, CT and CA) were evaluated before treatment with doxycycline and approximately 30 and 60 days post-treatment. Clinicopathological parameters, co-exposures and A. phagocytophilum DNA in whole blood and lymph node samples were compared between A...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279481/lupus-pleuritis-with-silicotic-nodules-in-the-parietal-pleura
#11
Kazuo Tsuchiya, Mikio Toyoshima, Atsuki Fukada, Daisuke Akahori, Kazuhito Funai, Takafumi Suda
A 63-year-old man with occupational exposure to silica presented with cutaneous ulcer, pleuritic pain, and a fever. Laboratory data showed lymphopenia and positive serum antinuclear and anti-DNA antibodies. Computed tomography of the chest showed egg shell-like calcification of the hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes without pulmonary parenchymal involvement of silicosis. A surgical biopsy showed silicotic nodules with surrounding infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells in the parietal pleura. With a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic corticosteroid therapy was given, which led to the resolution of symptoms and laboratory abnormalities...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260744/-clinical-presentation-of-ixodes-tick-borne-borreliosis-caused-by-borrelia-miyamotoi-in-the-context-of-an-immune-response-to-the-pathogen
#12
A E Platonov, M G Toporkova, N M Kolyasnikova, O A Stukolova, A S Dolgova, A V Brodovikova, N A Makhneva, L S Karan, J Koetsveld, G A Shipulin, V V Maleev
Ixodes tick-borne borreliosis caused by Borrelia miyamotoi (ITBB-BM) is a previously unknown infectious disease discovered in Russia. AIM: The present study continues the investigation of the clinical features of ITBB-BM in the context of an immune system-pathogen interaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 117 patients with ITBB-BM and a comparison group of 71 patients with Lyme disease (LD) that is ITBB with erythema migrans. All the patients were treated at the New Hospital, Yekateringburg...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258618/a-pilot-study-of-an-autologous-tumor-derived-autophagosome-vaccine-with-docetaxel-in-patients-with-stage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Rachel E Sanborn, Helen J Ross, Sandra Aung, Anupama Acheson, Tarsem Moudgil, Sachin Puri, Traci Hilton, Brenda Fisher, Todd Coffey, Christopher Paustian, Michael Neuberger, Edwin Walker, Hong-Ming Hu, Walter J Urba, Bernard A Fox
BACKGROUND: Tumor-derived autophagosome vaccines (DRibbles) have the potential to broaden immune response to poorly immunogenic tumors. METHODS: Autologous vaccine generated from tumor cells harvested from pleural effusions was administered to patients with advanced NSCLC with the objectives of assessing safety and immune response. Four patients were vaccinated and evaluable for immune response; each received two to four doses of vaccine. Study therapy included two cycles of docetaxel 75 mg/m2 on days 1 and 29 to treat the tumor, release hidden antigens and produce lymphopenia...
December 19, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248170/severe-lymphopenia-during-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-for-esophageal-cancer-a-propensity-matched-analysis-of-the-relative-risk-of-proton-versus-photon-based-radiation-therapy
#14
Yutaka Shiraishi, Penny Fang, Cai Xu, Juhee Song, Sunil Krishnan, Eugene J Koay, Reza J Mehran, Wayne L Hofstetter, Mariela Blum-Murphy, Jaffer A Ajani, Ritsuko Komaki, Bruce Minsky, Radhe Mohan, Charles C Hsu, Brian P Hobbs, Steven H Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Circulating lymphocytes are exquisitely sensitive to radiation exposure, even to low scattered doses which can vary drastically between radiation modalities. We compared the relative risk of radiation-induced lymphopenia between intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or proton beam therapy (PBT) in esophageal cancer (EC) patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: EC patients treated with IMRT and PBT were propensity matched based on key clinical variables...
December 13, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247675/adrenergic-and-glucocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-reduce-ozone-induced-lung-injury-and-inflammation
#15
Andres R Henriquez, Samantha J Snow, Mette C Schladweiler, Colette N Miller, Janice A Dye, Allen D Ledbetter, Judy E Richards, Kevin Mauge-Lewis, Marie A McGee, Urmila P Kodavanti
Recent studies showed that the circulating stress hormones, epinephrine and corticosterone/cortisol, are involved in mediating ozone-induced pulmonary effects through the activation of the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes. Hence, we examined the role of adrenergic and glucocorticoid receptor inhibition in ozone-induced pulmonary injury and inflammation. Male 12-week old Wistar-Kyoto rats were pretreated daily for 7days with propranolol (PROP; a non-selective β adrenergic receptor [AR] antagonist, 10mg/kg, i...
December 13, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242539/atad3a-suppresses-pink1-dependent-mitophagy-to-maintain-homeostasis-of-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells
#16
Guoxiang Jin, Chuan Xu, Xian Zhang, Jie Long, Abdol Hossein Rezaeian, Chunfang Liu, Mark E Furth, Steven Kridel, Boris Pasche, Xiu-Wu Bian, Hui-Kuan Lin
Although deletion of certain autophagy-related genes has been associated with defects in hematopoiesis, it remains unclear whether hyperactivated mitophagy affects the maintenance and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and committed progenitor cells. Here we report that targeted deletion of the gene encoding the AAA+-ATPase Atad3a hyperactivated mitophagy in mouse hematopoietic cells. Affected mice showed reduced survival, severely decreased bone-marrow cellularity, erythroid anemia and B cell lymphopenia...
January 2018: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239187/-immunotherapy-for-bladder-cancer
#17
T Büchler
Urothelial carcinoma is the most common urological malignancy. Nonspecific immunotherapy using the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine has long been the mainstay for the treatment of high-risk superficial bladder carcinoma in an adjuvant setting after transurethral endoscopic resection. In metastatic disease, cisplatin-based chemotherapy remains the main therapeutic modality. In Europe, the standard second-line chemotherapy for patients with cisplatin-refractory tumours is vinflunine. Other systemic treatments with a lower level of evidence include paclitaxel and docetaxel...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234980/low-dose-interleukin-2-as-a-modulator-of-treg-homeostasis-after-hsct-current-understanding-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Ken-Ichi Matsuoka
CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg is a functionally distinct subset of mature T cells with broad suppressive activity and has been shown to play an important role in the establishment of immune tolerance after HSCT. Altered cytokine environment in post-HSCT lymphopenia with a relative functional deficiency of IL-2 could hamper the reconstitution of Treg, leading to refractory GVHD. Based on the theory of low-dose IL-2 in which Treg can be selectively stimulated through the high-affinity IL-2 receptor, clinical studies have been conducted and demonstrated that low-dose IL-2 administration can restore Treg homeostasis and promote the expansion of this subset on the polymorphic processes of Treg reconstitution after HSCT...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223998/cryptococcal-meningitis-in-apparently-immunocompetent-patients-association-with-idiopathic-cd4-lymphopenia
#19
Samuel Shribman, Alastair Noyce, Sharmilee Gnanapavan, Jonathan Lambourne, Thomas Harrison, Frederick Schon
We present two cases of cryptococcal meningitis in people subsequently diagnosed with idiopathic CD4+ lymphopenia. Both presented with new onset headaches without sinister features and were sent home on multiple occasions from emergency departments. Cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-negative patients poses major diagnostic and management problems; the associated mortality is 9%-27%. We suggest performing blood and cerebrospinal fluid cryptococcal antigen tests in all people with lymphocytic meningitis.
December 9, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212866/acquired-haemophilia-a-complicating-alemtuzumab-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Georgia McCaughan, Jennifer Massey, Ian Sutton, Jennifer Curnow
Alemtuzumab is a highly efficacious therapy used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS), but uncoupling of T and B cell repopulation during immune reconstitution associates with an increasing range of secondary B cell-mediated autoimmune complications. A 34-year-old woman developed Graves' disease 11 months following an initial course of alemtuzumab treatment for MS. Nine months following the second treatment with alemtuzumab, the patient presented with spontaneous intramuscular and subcutaneous haemorrhage due to development of an inhibitory autoantibody to coagulation factor VIII...
December 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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