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maternal interviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036530/what-does-quality-maternity-care-mean-in-a-context-of-medical-pluralism-perspectives-of-women-in-nigeria
#1
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Frederick Wekesah
User priorities regarding quality care in contexts of medical pluralism are poorly documented. Drawing on group and individual interviews with women, we interrogate ideas of quality maternity care in the context of Nigeria's medical pluralism. We found complex utilization patterns for conventional, complementary and alternative maternity care services as well as ideas of quality maternity care that stress effective coordination and integration of different typologies of maternity health services; socially sensitive and truthful providers; and socioeconomic, physical and parochial forms of safety...
October 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032790/formative-qualitative-research-to-develop-community-based-interventions-addressing-low-birth-weight-in-the-plains-of-nepal
#2
Joanna Morrison, Sophiya Dulal, Helen Harris-Fry, Machhindra Basnet, Neha Sharma, Bhim Shrestha, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin, Naomi Saville
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors affecting intra-household food allocation practices to inform the development of interventions to prevent low birth weight in rural plains of Nepal. DESIGN: Qualitative methodology using purposive sampling to explore the barriers and facilitating factors to improved maternal nutrition. SETTING: Rural Dhanusha District, Nepal. SUBJECTS: We purposively sampled twenty-five young daughters-in-law from marginalised groups living in extended families and conducted semi-structured interviews with them...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032629/consumption-of-commercially-produced-snack-foods-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-during-the-complementary-feeding-period-in-four-african-and-asian-urban-contexts
#3
Alissa M Pries, Sandra L Huffman, Mary Champeny, Indu Adhikary, Margaret Benjamin, Aminata Ndeye Coly, El Hadji Issakha Diop, Khin Mengkheang, Ndèye Yaga Sy, Shrid Dhungel, Alison Feeley, Bineti Vitta, Elizabeth Zehner
The availability and consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages have increased across low-income and middle-income countries. This cross-sectional survey assessed consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages among children 6-23 months of age, and mothers' exposure to promotions for these products. Health facility-based interviews were conducted among 218 randomly sampled mothers utilizing child health services in Dakar, Senegal; 229 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 228 in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal; and 222 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031186/family-functioning-as-perceived-by-parents-and-young-offspring-at-high-and-low-risk-for-depression
#4
Shimrit Daches, Vera Vine, Kathryn M Layendecker, Charles J George, Maria Kovacs
BACKGROUND: Family dysfunction has been proposed as one of the environmental mechanisms whereby risk of depression is transmitted from mothers to their children. Using our sample of offspring at high and low familial risk for depression, we hypothesized that: a) high-risk offspring (n = 79) and their mothers will report more extensive family dysfunction than low-risk offspring (n = 82) and their mothers, b) family dysfunction will predict the extent of offspring's depressive symptoms, and c) family dysfunction will mediate the impact of mother's depression on offspring's depressive symptoms...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031048/trends-in-perinatal-health-in-metropolitan-france-from-1995-to-2016-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#5
B Blondel, B Coulm, C Bonnet, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVE: To study trends in the main indicators of perinatal health, medical practices and risk factors in France since 1995. POPULATION AND METHOD: All live births during one week in 1995 (n=13,318), 2003 (n=14,737), 2010 (n=14,903) and 2016 (n=13,384). Data were from interviews of women in postpartum wards and from medical records and were compared between years. RESULTS: Between 1995 and 2016, maternal age and body mass index increased steadily...
October 9, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028938/impact-of-the-us-maternal-tetanus-diphtheria-and-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-program-on-preventing-pertussis-in-infants-2-months-of-age-a-case-control-evaluation
#6
Tami H Skoff, Amy E Blain, James Watt, Karen Scherzinger, Melissa McMahon, Shelley M Zansky, Kathy Kudish, Paul R Cieslak, Melissa Lewis, Nong Shang, Stacey W Martin
Background: Infants aged <1 year are at highest risk for pertussis-related morbidity and mortality. In 2012, Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis) vaccine was recommended for women during each pregnancy to protect infants in the first months of life; data on effectiveness of this strategy are currently limited. Methods: We conducted a case-control evaluation among pertussis cases <2 months old with cough onset between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2014 from 6 US Emerging Infection Program Network states...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028579/the-views-of-first-time-mothers-completing-an-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-mums-online-study
#7
Paige van der Pligt, Kylie Ball, Kylie D Hesketh, David Crawford, Megan Teychenne, Karen Campbell
BACKGROUND: maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) has implications for short and long term weight-related health of both the mother and child. Little is known about how mothers perceive they may be best supported to achieve a healthy postpartum weight and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Evaluating existing postpartum weight focussed intervention strategies is an important step in the planning of future programs aimed at supporting new mothers. AIM: to describe the perspectives of women who completed the mums OnLiNE pilot intervention, regarding the acceptability and effectiveness of a program which aimed to limit PPWR and promote healthy diet and physical activity behaviours in new mothers...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028111/dna-methylation-of-methylation-complex-genes-in-relation-to-stress-and-genome-wide-methylation-in-mother-newborn-dyads
#8
Christopher J Clukay, David A Hughes, Nicole C Rodney, Darlene A Kertes, Connie J Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: Early life stress is known to have enduring biological effects, particularly with respect to health. Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, are a possible mechanism to mediate the biological effect of stress. We previously found correlations between maternal stress, newborn birthweight, and genome-wide measures of DNA methylation. Here we investigate ten genes related to the methylation/demethylation complex in order to better understand the impact of stress on health...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027660/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-parenting-stress-and-child-physiological-anxiety-during-dark-enhanced-startle
#9
Minhnguyen Cao, Abigail Powers, Dorthie Cross, Bekh Bradley, Tanja Jovanovic
Maternal emotion dysregulation (ED) plays a crucial role in the development of psychopathology in children. The current study aimed to investigate parenting stress as a mediator of the relationship between maternal emotion dysregulation and child startle potentiation, with child sex as a moderator. Mothers were interviewed to obtain self-report of maternal ED and parenting stress and child's dark-enhanced startle (DES) response was measured using electromyographic recordings of the eye-blink muscle during the delivery of acoustic probes...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026765/screening-antenatal-anxiety-predicting-its-effect-on-fetal-growth
#10
Kaushik Sarkar, Goutam Das, Ranadip Chowdhury, Bhaskar Shahbabu, Ishita Sarkar, Santu Maiti, Aparajita Dasgupta
CONTEXT: Maternal anxiety has an association with low birth weight. However, studies are scarce to determine any association between maternal anxiety and fetal growth. AIMS: This study aims to determine the effect of maternal anxiety on fetal growth, measured by gestational age-dependent increase in fetal abdominal circumference (AC). The secondary objective is to determine the effect of maternal anxiety on other fetal parameters (biparietal diameter [BPD], head circumference [HC], femur length [FL])...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026742/contraceptive-behavior-of-couples-undergoing-sterilization-in-an-eastern-state-of-india
#11
Venkatarao Epari, Lipilekha Patnaik, Deepa Prasad, Trilochan Sahu, Arunkiran Soodireddy, Arabinda Acharya
BACKGROUND: As a part of a larger study for evaluating the effectiveness of a community-based family welfare program, this study assessed the contraceptive behavior of couples preceding sterilization and termination of pregnancies, if any during the interim period. METHODS: During May-June 2013, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in three districts of Odisha, an eastern state of India with poor maternal health indicators. Using a 15 × 14 cluster design with probability proportionate to size sampling 15 village clusters from each district were selected...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026431/enablers-and-barriers-to-success-among-mothers-planning-to-exclusively-breastfeed-for-six-months-a-qualitative-prospective-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#12
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Zandile Masango, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is the most important determinant of child health and development, and is the recommended feeding practice for all mothers. However, EBF rates remain low in South Africa. This study aimed to prospectively explore enablers or barriers to success among mothers who planned to exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months of life, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was adopted...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023698/decomposition-of-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-preterm-deliveries-in-tehran-iran
#13
Reza O Samani, Mohammad A Mansournia, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Saeid Safiri, Esmaeil K Morasae, Mostafa A Rarani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between economic inequality in preterm delivery. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included cross-sectional data collected in interviews with patients following delivery at 103 hospitals in Tehran, Iran, between July 6 and 21, 2015. Principal component analysis was used to measure the socioeconomic status of participants and the concentration index was used to measure inequalities in preterm delivery among patients of different socioeconomic status...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022144/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-engagement-and-attrition-in-a-nurse-home-visiting-program-from-the-participant-and-provider-perspective
#14
Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields, Jane F Silovsky, William Beasley, David Bard
Beginning parenting programs in the prenatal and early postnatal periods have a large potential for impact on later child and maternal outcomes. Home-based parenting programs, such as the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), have been established to help address this need. Program reach and impact is dependent on successful engagement of expecting mothers with significant risks; however, NFP attrition rates remain high. The current study qualitatively examined engagement and attrition from the perspectives of NFP nurses and mothers in order to identify mechanisms that enhance service engagement...
October 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020368/social-vulnerabilities-as-determinants-of-overweight-in-2-4-and-6-year-old-spanish-children
#15
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
Background: Differences in obesity prevalence among vulnerable groups exist in childhood but it remains unclear whether these differences may be partly determined by socioeconomic status (SES), parental body mass index (BMI) and early life risk factors. We aimed to explore (i) longitudinal associations between belonging to a minority group and being overweight/obese at age 2, 4 and 6 and (ii) associations between accumulation of social vulnerabilities and being overweight/obese at age 6...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020101/productivity-cost-due-to-postpartum-ill-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#16
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Jennifer Horton, Ishani Darshika, Kaushila Dinithi Galgamuwa, Wasantha Pradeep Ranasinghe, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi, Suneth Buddhika Agampodi
OBJECTIVE: Even though postpartum morbidity continues to cause high disease burden in maternal morbidity and mortality across the globe, the literature pertaining to resultant productivity loss is scarce. Hence, the present study aimed at determining the productivity loss and associated cost of episodes of postpartum ill health. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in two Medical Officer of Heath areas in the Anuradhapura district, Sri Lanka in 2011, among 407 women residing in Anuradhapura district with an infant aged between 8 to 24 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019521/-postpartum-depression-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#17
Juliana Mano Hartmann, Raul Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Juraci Almeida Cesar
The aim was to identify the prevalence of postpartum depression and associated factors in women in a medium-sized city in Southern Brazil during 2013. Trained female interviewers applied a standardized questionnaire to all participants in the city's two maternity hospitals. The study analyzed demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, social support, and disease characteristics. Screening for depression was done within the first 48 hours postpartum, using the Edinburgh Scale with a cutoff of ≥ 10. Multivariate analysis used Poisson regression with robust variance...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#18
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017633/associations-between-maternal-prenatal-stress-methylation-changes-in-igf1-and-igf2-and-birth-weight
#19
D Montoya-Williams, J Quinlan, C Clukay, N C Rodney, D A Kertes, C J Mulligan
Maternal stress has been linked to low birth weight in newborns. One potential pathway involves epigenetic changes at candidate genes that may mediate the effects of prenatal maternal stress on birth weight. This relationship has been documented in stress-related genes, such as NR3C1. There is less literature exploring the effect of stress on growth-related genes. IGF1 and IGF2 have been implicated in fetal growth and development, though via different mechanisms as IGF2 is under imprinting control. In this study, we tested for associations between prenatal stress, methylation of IGF1 and IGF2, and birth weight...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017578/family-integrated-care-ficare-in-level-ii-neonatal-intensive-care-units-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Karen M Benzies, Vibhuti Shah, Khalid Aziz, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Luz Palacio-Derflingher, Jeanne Scotland, Jill Larocque, Kelly Mrklas, Esther Suter, Christopher Naugler, Henry T Stelfox, Radha Chari, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: Every year, about 15 million of the world's infants are born preterm (before 37 weeks gestation). In Alberta, the preterm birth rate was 8.7% in 2015, the second highest among Canadian provinces. Approximately 20% of preterm infants are born before 32 weeks gestation (early preterm), and require care in a Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); 80% are born moderate (32 weeks and zero days [32(0/7)] to 33(6/7) weeks) and late preterm (34(0/7) to 36(6/7) weeks), and require care in a Level II NICU...
October 10, 2017: Trials
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