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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914313/requests-for-cesarean-deliveries-the-politics-of-labor-pain-and-pain-relief-in-shanghai-china
#1
Eileen Wang
Cesarean section rates have risen dramatically in China within the past 25 years, particularly driven by non-medical factors and maternal requests. One major reason women request cesareans is the fear of labor pain, in a country where a minority of women are given any form of pain relief during labor. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork and in-depth interviews with 26 postpartum women and 8 providers at a Shanghai district hospital in June and July of 2015, this article elucidates how perceptions of labor pain and the environment of pain relief constructs the cesarean on maternal request...
November 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914249/fewer-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-exposed-to-maternal-depressed-mood-during-pregnancy
#2
Katrin Zohsel, Nathalie E Holz, Erika Hohm, Martin H Schmidt, Günter Esser, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
BACKGROUND: Depressed mood is prevalent during pregnancy, with accumulating evidence suggesting an impact on developmental outcome in the offspring. However, the long-term effects of prenatal maternal depression regarding internalizing psychopathology in the offspring are as yet unclear. METHODS: As part of an ongoing epidemiological cohort study, prenatal maternal depressed mood was assessed at the child's age of 3 months. In a sample of n=307 offspring, depressive symptoms were obtained via questionnaire at the ages of 19, 22, 23 and 25 years...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914247/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-women-evidence-from-a-southern-brazilian-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Garcia Bassani, Elena Netsi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Fernando César Barros, Alan Stein
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression (AD) is a major public health issue but evidence regarding its prevalence and associated factors in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors for AD among Brazilian pregnant women. METHODS: All women living in the urban area of the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, with confirmed pregnancy and estimated delivery date in the year 2015, were invited to take part...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914182/positive-feelings-during-pregnancy-early-feeding-practices-and-infant-health
#4
Melissa A McManus, Ali A Khalessi, Joyce Lin, Jahanzeb Ashraf, Stephanie M Reich
BACKGROUND: Early parenting practices, like infant feeding, can impact children's physical health. Additionally, negative prenatal maternal affect can influence feeding choices, like breastfeeding, and can have a detrimental effect on children's health. However, little is known about the contribution of positive maternal affect during pregnancy on feeding practices and children's health. METHOD: This study explored whether positive prenatal feelings influenced children's health during the first 18 months, and whether early feeding practices mediated the relationship between these two variables...
December 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911959/barriers-to-timely-and-safe-blood-transfusion-for-pph-patients-evidence-from-a-qualitative-study-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#5
Sadika Akhter, Iqbal Anwar, Rashida Akter, Feroza Akhter Kumkum, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Fatema Ashraf, Ferdousi Islam, Nazneen Begum, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Anne Austin, Syed Shariful Islam, Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Bangladesh, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality accounting for 31% of all blood transfusions in the country. Although safe blood transfusion is one of the 8 signal functions of Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEmOC) strategy, most of the designated public sector CEmOC facilities do not have on-site blood storage system. Emergent blood is mainly available from external blood banks. As a result, emergent patients are to rely on an unregulated network of brokers for blood which may raise question about blood safety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905982/the-use-of-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-methodology-to-assess-and-manage-primary-health-interventions-in-conflict-affected-west-darfur-sudan
#6
Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M Weiss, Alexander Vu
BACKGROUND: Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sampling may be a suitable method of assessing programs in these situations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of information collected during Medair's routine program management functions. Medair's service area in West Darfur, Sudan was divided into seven supervisory areas...
October 6, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#7
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#8
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#9
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#10
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898210/the-role-of-early-maternal-support-in-balancing-full-time-work-and-infant-exclusive-breastfeeding-a-qualitative-study
#11
Lea Pounds, Christopher M Fisher, Debora Barnes-Josiah, Jason D Coleman, R Craig Lefebvre
INTRODUCTION: Support of others is a key factor for mothers who choose to breastfeed their infants, including those who balance work outside the home and breastfeeding. However, little research has been done to understand how maternal support during the postpartum period impacts mothers' ability to later balance work and breastfeeding, in particular full-time work and exclusive breastfeeding. The results of this qualitative study indicate that the timing of support plays a key role in mothers' ability to successfully overcome barriers during the early postpartum period, thus building maternal self-efficacy in addressing problems encountered when they return to work...
November 29, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895188/antisocial-alcoholism-in-parents-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-childhood-adhd
#12
Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Heather M Joseph, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: Test the hypothesis that alcoholism, including antisocial alcoholism, is more prevalent among mothers and fathers of children with versus without ADHD. METHOD: Mothers (312 ADHD group, 235 non-ADHD group) and fathers (291 ADHD group, 227 non-ADHD group) in the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study were interviewed along with their adolescent and young adult offspring. RESULTS: Maternal and paternal alcoholism, with and without comorbid antisociality, was more prevalent in the ADHD group...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894353/provider-and-user-acceptability-of-intermittent-screening-and-treatment-for-the-control-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-malawi
#13
Deborah Almond, Mwayi Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Linda Kalilani-Phiri, Jayne Webster, Feiko Ter Kuile, Lucy Paintain
BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy is a major cause of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is one of the control strategies promoted by WHO. In response to mounting resistance to SP, intermittent screening and treatment (ISTp) has been proposed as an alternative. The objective of this study was to explore the acceptability of ISTp for health workers and pregnant women. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of ten health workers and five focus group discussions of 38 women enrolled in an ongoing trial comparing IPTp-SP and ISTp with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) were conducted at two antenatal clinics in rural Malawi...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891777/maternal-autoimmune-disease-and-birth-defects-in-the-national-birth-defects-prevention-study
#14
Meredith M Howley, Marilyn L Browne, Alissa R Van Zutphen, Sandra D Richardson, Sarah J Blossom, Cheryl S Broussard, Suzan L Carmichael, Charlotte M Druschel
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between maternal autoimmune disease or its treatment and the risk of birth defects. We examined these associations using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multi-site, population-based, case-control study. METHODS: Analyses included 25,116 case and 9897 unaffected control infants with estimated delivery dates between 1997 and 2009. Information on autoimmune disease, medication use, and other pregnancy exposures was collected by means of telephone interview...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889462/maternal-and-umbilical-cord-blood-levels-of-mercury-manganese-iron-and-copper-in-southern-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Shih-Hui Huang, Ken-Pen Weng, Ching-Chiang Lin, Chung-Cheng Wang, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Luo-Ping Ger, Ming-Tsang Wu
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal exposure to essential minerals and heavy metals on fetus is an important issue, which affects women around the world. Few data are available on the concentration of both essential minerals and heavy metals in maternal/fetal medicine. The aims of this study were to (1) assess the correlation of mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), and copper (Cu) in paired maternal/fetal blood samples, and (2) study potential confounding factors during pregnancy. METHODS: Our study recruited 145 healthy pregnant women with a mean age of 28...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889258/unilateral-collaboration-the-practices-and-understandings-of-traditional-birth-attendants-in-southeastern-nigeria
#16
Magdalena Ohaja, Jo Murphy-Lawless
BACKGROUND: Despite the promotion of hospital-based maternity care as the safest option, for less developed countries, many women particularly those in the rural areas continue to patronise indigenous midwives or traditional birth attendants. Little is known about traditional birth attendants' perspectives regarding their pregnancy and birth practices. AIM: To explore traditional birth attendants' discourses of their pregnancy and birthing practices in southeast Nigeria...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888970/paternal-depression-rates-in-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods-and-affecting-factors
#17
Ekin Dila Top, Nuray Egelioglu Cetisli, Serkan Guclu, Esma Burcak Zengin
The objective of this study was to determine the paternal depression rates and affecting factors in prenatal and postpartum periods. The study, which was descriptive and cross-sectional, was conducted with 92 volunteer couples that suited the criteria for the sample. These participants were selected from couples that applied to the gynecology clinic of a private hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 and who were in their 37th-40th weeks of pregnancy. Data collection was planned in two interviews; the first one was done between the 37th and 40th weeks of the pregnancy, and the second was conducted between the 4th and 6th weeks after the birth...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886436/factors-that-hinder-or-enable-maternal-health-strategies-to-reduce-delays-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-in-ethiopia
#18
Ruth Jackson, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Hagos Godefay
OBJECTIVES: To document factors that hinder or enable strategies to reduce the first and second delays of the Three Delays in rural and pastoralist areas in Ethiopia. METHODS: A key informant study was conducted with 44 Health Extension Workers in Afar Region, Kafa Zone (Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples' Region), and Adwa Woreda (Tigray Region). Health Extension Workers were trained to interview women and ask for stories about their recent experiences of birth...
November 25, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884185/the-inescapable-question-of-fairness-in-pay-for-performance-bonus-distribution-a-qualitative-study-of-health-workers-experiences-in-tanzania
#19
Victor Chimhutu, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Marit Tjomsland, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there has been a growing concern about the lack of results in the health sectors of many low income countries. Progress has been particularly slow in maternal- and child health. Prompted by the need to accelerate progress towards these health outcomes, pay-for- performance (P4P) schemes have been initiated in a number of countries. This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of health workers with P4P bonus distribution in the health system context of rural Tanzania...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884162/-the-stars-seem-aligned-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-the-effects-of-context-on-scale-up-of-maternal-and-newborn-health-innovations-in-ethiopia-india-and-nigeria
#20
Neil Spicer, Della Berhanu, Dipankar Bhattacharya, Ritgak Dimka Tilley-Gyado, Meenakshi Gautham, Joanna Schellenberg, Addis Tamire-Woldemariam, Nasir Umar, Deepthi Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Donors commonly fund innovative interventions to improve health in the hope that governments of low and middle-income countries will scale-up those that are shown to be effective. Yet innovations can be slow to be adopted by country governments and implemented at scale. Our study explores this problem by identifying key contextual factors influencing scale-up of maternal and newborn health innovations in three low-income settings: Ethiopia, the six states of northeast Nigeria and Uttar Pradesh state in India...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
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