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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474797/maternal-health-in-india-a-survey-of-birth-attendant-competency-through-completeness-of-prescribed-care-during-perinatal-visits-in-12-randomly-chosen-districts-of-uttar-pradesh-india
#1
Adiya Jaffari, Stephen Alexander Benjamin Troxel
We assessed the completeness of care provided during perinatal visits at public institutions in Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. Self-reported data from 53 interviews with birth attendants throughout 12 districts in UP showed that 52% of the items from a procedural checklist were covered during visits. Routine visits were found to be incomplete, provider training related to pharmaceuticals and counseling were suggested to be low, and the monitoring of vitals to be infrequent and inconsistent. We suggest further grassroots research be conducted in developing nations so that strategic and precise reform can be made to lower global maternal mortality...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473138/family-environmental-and-dietary-implications-for-low-level-prenatal-lead-exposure-in-wujiang-city-china
#2
Jin Yan, Zhenyan Gao, Ju Wang, Wenjuan Ma, Xiaolan Ying, Cancan Zhou, Chonghuai Yan
To explore the potential environmental and dietary factors during pregnancy affecting low-level prenatal lead exposure, we conducted a longitudinal study in Wujiang City, China. A total of 1976 mother-infant pairs were included from 2009 to 2010. An interviewed questionnaire was conducted and cord blood samples were collected. The geometric means of cord blood lead level was 30.3 μg/L (95% CI, 29.8-30.8) with 99.24% below 100 μg/L. Maternal age, passive smoking, and living in the countryside were significantly associated with cord blood lead concentrations...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470814/continuing-professional-development-in-maternal-health-care-barriers-to-applying-new-knowledge-and-skills-in-the-hospitals-of-rwanda
#3
Germaine Tuyisenge, Celestin Hategeka, Isaac Luginaah, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, David Cechetto, Stephen Rulisa
Objectives Training healthcare professionals in emergency maternal healthcare is a critical component of improving overall maternal health in developing countries like Rwanda. This paper explored the challenges that healthcare professionals who participated in a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program on Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics® (ALSO) face in putting the learned knowledge and skills into practice in hospitals of Rwanda. Methods This study used a mixed methods approach to understand the challenges/barriers to applying new knowledge and skills in the hospitals of Rwanda...
February 22, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468402/-effects-of-written-educational-material-on-parental-health-knowledge-depending-on-socioeconomic-status-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lineke Kludas, Levente Kriston, Franka Metzner, Michelle Wichmann, Silke Pawils
BACKGROUND: The nationwide prevention program "Parent Guide - Growing up Healthy" aims to improve parental health knowledge in Germany. At the birth of their first child, parents of any socioeconomic status (SES) are provided with written educational material that includes relevant health knowledge as well as basic information about routine health checkups for children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the program regarding 1) the effects on parental health knowledge and parental satisfaction with routine child health checkups, 2) the sensitivity of the effects on SES, and 3) parental acceptance of the written educational material...
February 21, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468356/reciprocal-relations-between-parenting-behaviors-and-conduct-disorder-symptoms-in-preschool-children
#5
Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, David H Arnold, Rosanna P Breaux, Elizabeth A Harvey
Reciprocal relations between children's conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and parenting behaviors were examined across the preschool years. Participants were 199 children (M = 44.26 months, SD = 3.37; 92 girls) and their 199 mothers and 158 fathers. CD symptoms were assessed via structured interviews; parenting was assessed via observational and self-report measures. Fixed effects models were used to assess within-individual changes and traditional cross-lagged models were used to assess between-individual changes; comparisons by sex were also carried out...
February 21, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466996/-just-because-she-s-young-it-doesn-t-mean-she-has-to-die-exploring-the-contributing-factors-to-high-maternal-mortality-in-adolescents-in-eastern-freetown-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466972/is-there-a-causal-effect-of-parity-on-body-composition-a-birth-cohort-study
#7
Bárbara Reis-Santos, Fernando C Barros, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death, worldwide. Obesity is one of the factors that is associated with the development of such diseases. The role of reproductive factors on women body composition has been evaluated, but the findings are controversial. This study was aimed at assessing the association of parity with body composition among women. METHODS: In 1982, the maternity hospital of Pelotas, a southern Brazilian city, were visited daily and all deliveries were identified...
February 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466230/linkage-of-1999-2012-national-health-interview-survey-and-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data-to-u-s-department-of-housing-and-urban-development-administrative-records
#8
Patricia C Lloyd, Veronica E Helms, Alan E Simon, Cordell Golden, James Brittain, Eileen Call, Lisa B Mirel, Barry L Steffen, Jon Sperling, Elizabeth C Rudd, Jennifer D Parker, Carol S Star
Objectives This report presents the development, plan, and operation of the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, a module of the State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. Funding was provided by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration. The survey was designed to produce national and state prevalence estimates of the physical and emotional health of children aged 0-17 years, as well as factors that may relate to child well-being including medical homes, family interactions, parental health, school and after-school experiences, and neighborhood characteristics...
October 2017: Vital and Health Statistics. Ser. 1, Programs and Collection Procedures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465662/social-vulnerability-in-congenital-syphilis-case-mothers-qualitative-assessment-of-cases-in-indiana-2014-2016
#9
Dawne DiOrio, Karen Kroeger, Amara Ross
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman with syphilis is not diagnosed or treated and the infection is passed in utero, causing severe infant morbidity and mortality. Congenital syphilis is easily prevented if women receive timely and adequate prenatal care. Cases of congenital syphilis are considered indicators of problems in the safety net. However, maternal social and behavioral factors can impede women's care, even when providers follow guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed case interviews and maternal records for 23 congenital syphilis cases reported to CDC from Indiana between 2014 and 2016...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465291/men-s-hopes-fears-and-challenges-in-engagement-in-perinatal-health-and-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-rural-kenya
#10
Pamela Musoke, Abigail Hatcher, Anna Joy Rogers, Lillian Achiro, Elizabeth Bukusi, Lynae Darbes, Zachary Kwena, Patrick Oyaro, Elly Weke, Janet M Turan
Male involvement in antenatal care has been shown to improve health outcomes for women and infants. However, little is known about how best to encourage male partners to support essential perinatal health activities. We explored men's perceptions of facilitators and barriers to involvement in antenatal care and HIV prevention including fears, hopes and challenges. Forty in-depth interviews were conducted with the male partners of HIV-positive and HIV-negative pregnant women in southwest Kenya. Most male partners believed engaging in pregnancy health-related activities was beneficial for keeping families healthy...
February 21, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462570/maternal-perceptions-of-infant-feeding-and-health-in-the-context-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#11
Sarah DeYoung, Manoj Suji, Hannah G Southall
BACKGROUND: Displacement caused by the 2015 earthquake in Nepal exacerbated poor health and nutrition for thousands of women and children. Research aim: This study aimed to identify the perceptions of Nepalese mothers residing in earthquake relocation camps regarding barriers, facilitators, and situational factors influencing breastfeeding and family well-being. METHODS: An exploratory, rapid ethnographic approach was used during two fieldwork phases. Phase 1 consisted of reconnaissance and observation, whereas Phase 2 consisted of observation and qualitative semistructured interviews with infant caretakers ( N = 14)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462152/distance-accessibility-and-costs-decision-making-during-childbirth-in-rural-sierra-leone-a-qualitative-study
#12
Laura Treacy, Håkon A Bolkan, Mette Sagbakken
BACKGROUND: Sierra Leone has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world. Efforts to reduce maternal mortality have included initiatives to encourage more women to deliver at health facilities. Despite the introduction of the free health care initiative for pregnant women, many women still continue to deliver at home, with few having access to a skilled birth attendant. In addition, inequalities between rural and urban areas in accessing and utilising health facilities persist...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461178/correlates-and-predictors-of-new-mothers-responses-to-postpartum-thoughts-of-accidental-and-intentional-harm-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#13
Nichole Fairbrother, Dana S Thordarson, Fiona L Challacombe, John K Sakaluk
BACKGROUND: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are a normal, albeit distressing experience for most new mothers. The occurrence of these thoughts can represent a risk factor for the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). As the early postpartum period represents a time of increased risk for OCD development, the transition to parenthood provides a unique opportunity to better understand OCD development. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess components of cognitive behavioural conceptualizations of postpartum OCD in relation to new mothers' thoughts of infant-related harm...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458515/a-pilot-feasibility-study-to-improve-food-parenting-practices
#14
Amy M Moore, Mary Clair-Michaud, Kathleen J Melanson, Alison Tovar
OBJECTIVES: We examined the feasibility and acceptability of a novel home-based intervention to improve the food parenting practices of low-income mothers with preschool-aged children. METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 15) were recruited from WIC in southern Rhode Island. A non-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used to assess changes in maternal food parenting practices. Dyads participated in 3 home-based sessions that included baseline measures and an evening meal video recording at session 1, a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention that included feedback on the evening meal video recording at session 2, and a satisfaction ques- tionnaire at session 3...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458363/rollout-of-rapid-point-of-care-tests-for-antenatal-syphilis-screening-in-ghana-healthcare-provider-perspectives-and-experiences
#15
Edward Tieru Dassah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Philippe Mayaud
BACKGROUND: Effective implementation of rapid point of care tests (POCTs) for antenatal syphilis screening especially in settings where antenatal care attendance is high, can significantly increase screening coverage and treatment uptake. The operational challenges of introducing rapid syphilis POCTs at scale needs to be investigated. This study explores healthcare providers' experiences and challenges in antenatal syphilis screening following the national rollout of rapid syphilis POCTs in Ghana...
February 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456825/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-access-availability-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-services-in-lagos-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456590/delayed-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-bukavu-south-kivu-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454359/change-in-practice-a-qualitative-exploration-of-midwives-and-doctors-views-about-the-introduction-of-stan-monitoring-in-an-australian-hospital
#18
M E Mayes, C Wilkinson, S Kuah, G Matthews, D Turnbull
BACKGROUND: The present study examines the introduction of an innovation in intrapartum foetal monitoring practice in Australia. ST-Analysis (STan) is a technology that adds information to conventional fetal monitoring (cardiotocography) during labour, with the aim of reducing unnecessary obstetric intervention. Adoption of this technology has been controversial amongst obstetricians and midwives, particularly as its use necessitates a more invasive means of monitoring (a scalp clip), compared to external monitoring from cardiotocography alone...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#19
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453428/igf-i-and-igfbp-3-concentrations-at-2-years-associations-with-anthropometry-and-milk-consumption-in-an-indian-cohort
#20
Andrea S Wiley, Suyog M Joshi, Himangi G Lubree, Dattatray S Bhat, Neelam S Memane, Deepa A Raut, Chittaranjan S Yajnik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To ascertain associations between plasma insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and their molar ratio at 2 y with neonatal size, infant growth, body composition at 2 y, and feeding practices in an Indian cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cohort of 209 newborns, with 122 followed at 2 y. Anthropometry was conducted at birth and 2 y. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were measured in cord blood and at 2 y...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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