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cardiovascular molecular imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222786/nerve-growth-factor-induced-angiogenesis-1-endothelial-cell-tube-formation-assay
#1
Philip Lazarovici, Adi Lahiani, Galit Gincberg, Dikla Haham, Arnon Fluksman, Ofra Benny, Cezary Marcinkiewicz, Peter I Lelkes
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin promoting survival, proliferation, differentiation, and neuroprotection in the embryonal and adult nervous system. NGF also induces angiogenic effects in the cardiovascular system, which may be beneficial in engineering new blood vessels and for developing novel anti-angiogenesis therapies for cancer. Angiogenesis is a cellular process characterized by a number of events, including endothelial cell migration, invasion, and assembly into capillaries. In vitro endothelial tube formation assays are performed using primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells, human aortic endothelial cells, and other human or rodent primary endothelial cells isolated from the vasculature of both tumors and normal tissues...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222120/targeting-cardiovascular-implant-infection-multimodality-and-molecular-imaging
#2
Jan M Sohns, Udo Bavendiek, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel
Owing to their success in clinical practice, the prevalence of cardiovascular implants is continuously increasing. Implant infection is a relevant complication but remains a diagnostic challenge because echocardiography as a first-line test may be limited. Accordingly, a multimodality approach is increasingly used for diagnostic workup and supported by recent guidelines. As reviewed here, computed tomography and nuclear imaging provide incremental diagnostic value and may be combined in a single hybrid imaging session using positron emission tomography/computed tomography or single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203849/an-integrated-brain-behavior-model-for-working-memory
#3
D A Moser, G E Doucet, A Ing, D Dima, G Schumann, R M Bilder, S Frangou
Working memory (WM) is a central construct in cognitive neuroscience because it comprises mechanisms of active information maintenance and cognitive control that underpin most complex cognitive behavior. Individual variation in WM has been associated with multiple behavioral and health features including demographic characteristics, cognitive and physical traits and lifestyle choices. In this context, we used sparse canonical correlation analyses (sCCAs) to determine the covariation between brain imaging metrics of WM-network activation and connectivity and nonimaging measures relating to sensorimotor processing, affective and nonaffective cognition, mental health and personality, physical health and lifestyle choices derived from 823 healthy participants derived from the Human Connectome Project...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191926/molecular-ultrasound-imaging-of-junctional-adhesion-molecule-a-depicts-acute-alterations-in-blood-flow-and-early-endothelial-dysregulation
#4
Adelina Curaj, Zhuojun Wu, Anne Rix, Oliver Gresch, Marieke Sternkopf, Setareh Alampour-Rajabi, Twan Lammers, Marc van Zandvoort, Christian Weber, Rory R Koenen, Elisa A Liehn, Fabian Kiessling
OBJECTIVE: The junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) is physiologically located in interendothelial tight junctions and focally redistributes to the luminal surface of blood vessels under abnormal shear and flow conditions accompanying atherosclerotic lesion development. Therefore, JAM-A was evaluated as a target for molecularly targeted ultrasound imaging of transient endothelial dysfunction under acute blood flow variations. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Flow-dependent endothelial dysfunction was induced in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice (n=43) by carotid partial ligation...
November 30, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158839/characterization-of-cardiac-dynamics-in-an-acute-myocardial-infarction-model-by-four-dimensional-optoacoustic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Hsiao-Chun Amy Lin, Xosé Luís Déan-Ben, Ivana Ivankovic, Melanie A Kimm, Katja Kosanke, Helena Haas, Reinhard Meier, Fabian Lohöfer, Moritz Wildgruber, Daniel Razansky
Extraction of murine cardiac functional parameters on a beat-by-beat basis is limited with the existing imaging modalities due to insufficient three-dimensional temporal resolution. Faster volumetric imaging methods enabling in vivo characterization of functional parameters are poised to advance cardiovascular research and provide a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying cardiac diseases. We present a new approach based on analyzing contrast-enhanced optoacoustic (OA) images acquired at high volumetric frame rate without using cardiac gating or other approaches for motion correction...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119374/review-of-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-journal-of-nuclear-cardiology-2017-part-1-of-2-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance
#6
Wael A AlJaroudi, Fadi G Hage
Several original articles and editorials have been published in the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology in 2017. It has become a tradition at the beginning of each year to summarize some of these key articles in 2 sister reviews. In this first part one, we will discuss some of the progress made in the field of heart failure (cardio-oncology, myocardial blood flow, viability, dyssynchrony, and risk stratification), inflammation, molecular and hybrid imaging using advancement in positron emission tomography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114179/tspo-pet-imaging-from-microglial-activation-to-peripheral-sterile-inflammatory-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Bérenger Largeau, Anne-Claire Dupont, Denis Guilloteau, Maria-João Santiago-Ribeiro, Nicolas Arlicot
Peripheral sterile inflammatory diseases (PSIDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders that gathers several chronic insults involving the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, or musculoskeletal system and wherein inflammation is the cornerstone of the pathophysiology. In PSID, timely characterization and localization of inflammatory foci are crucial for an adequate care for patients. In brain diseases, in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) exploration of inflammation has matured over the last 20 years, through the development of radiopharmaceuticals targeting the translocator protein-18 kDa (TSPO) as molecular biomarkers of activated microglia...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089763/a-review-of-molecular-imaging-of-atherosclerosis-and-the-potential-application-of-dendrimer-in-imaging-of-plaque
#8
REVIEW
Gulinigaer Anwaier, Cong Chen, Yini Cao, Rong Qi
Despite the fact that technological advancements have been made in diagnosis and treatment, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Early detection of atherosclerosis (AS), especially vulnerable plaques, plays a crucial role in the prevention of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Targeting the critical cytokines and molecules that are upregulated during the biological process of AS by in vivo molecular imaging has been widely used in plaque imaging. With their three-dimensional architecture, composition, and abundant terminal functional groups, dendrimers provide a platform for multitargeting and multimodal imaging...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022256/the-effects-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-biomarkers-new-insights-recent-data-and-applications
#9
Lin Che, Dong Li
The benefit of regular exercise or physical activity with appropriate intensity on improving cardiopulmonary function and endurance has long been accepted with less controversy. The challenge remains, however, quantitatively evaluate the effect of exercise on cardiovascular health due in part to the amount and intensity of exercise varies widely plus lack of effective, robust and efficient biomarker evaluation systems. Better evaluating the overall function of biomarker and validate biomarkers utility in cardiovascular health should improve the evidence regarding the benefit or the effect of exercise or physical activity on cardiovascular health, in turn increasing the efficiency of the biomarker on individuals with mild to moderate cardiovascular risk...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916148/chemokine-receptor-directed-imaging-and-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Andreas K Buck, Antje Stolzenburg, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Katharina Lückerath, Margret Schottelius, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Constantin Lapa
The C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its natural ligand CXCL12 are key factors in the process of cell migration, homing of hematopoietic stem cells to the bone marrow, and represent important mediators of angiogenesis and cell proliferation. The CXCR4/CXCL12 interplay can be disrupted by CXCR4 antagonists such as Plerixafor which are already in daily clinical use, i.e. for mobilization and subsequent harvesting of hematopoietic progenitor cells and stem cell transplantation. In a pathological condition, involvement in the process of metastasis and homing of cancer cells to a protective niche has been described, making CXCR4 an attractive target for imaging and treatment of malignant diseases...
November 1, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893911/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-the-endothelial-atp-sensitive-potassium-channel
#11
Qadeer Aziz, Yiwen Li, Naomi Anderson, Leona Ojake, Elena Tsisanova, Andrew Tinker
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are widely expressed in the cardiovascular system, where they regulate a range of biological activities by linking cellular metabolism with membrane excitability. KATP channels in vascular smooth muscle have a well-defined role in regulating vascular tone. KATP channels are also thought to be expressed in vascular endothelial cells, but their presence and function in this context are less clear. As a result, we aimed to investigate the molecular composition and physiological role of endothelial KATP channels...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881270/molecular-and-clinical-characterization-of-a-series-of-patients-with-childhood-onset-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-retrospective-investigations-follow-up-and-detection-of-two-novel-lipa-pathogenic-variants
#12
Livia Pisciotta, Giulia Tozzi, Lorena Travaglini, Roberta Taurisano, Tiziano Lucchi, Giuseppe Indolfi, Francesco Papadia, Maja Di Rocco, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Patricia Crock, Komal Vora, Scott Nightingale, Helen Michelakakis, Anastasia Garoufi, Lilia Lykopoulou, Stefano Bertolini, Sebastiano Calandra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood/Adult-onset Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (LAL-D) is a recessive disorder due to loss of function variants of LAL, the enzyme which hydrolyses cholesteryl esters, derived from internalized apoB containing lipoproteins. The disease is characterized by multi-organ involvement including the liver, spleen, intestine and cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was the clinical and molecular characterization of 14 (13 unrelated) previously unreported patients with childhood-onset LAL-D...
October 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875946/pva-dextran-hydrogel-patches-as-delivery-system-of-antioxidant-astaxanthin-a-cardiovascular-approach
#13
Marisol Zuluaga, Giulia Gregnanin, Claudia Cencetti, Chiara Di Meo, Virginie Gueguen, Didier Letourneur, Anne Meddahi-Pellé, Graciela Pavon-Djavid, Pietro Matricardi
After myocardial infarction, the heart's mechanical properties and its intrinsic capability to recover are compromised. To improve this recovery, several groups have developed cardiac patches based on different biomaterials strategies. Here, we developed polyvinylalcohol/dextran (PVA/Dex) elastic hydrogel patches, obtained through the freeze thawing (FT) process, with the aim to deliver locally a potent natural antioxidant molecule, astaxanthin, and to assist the heart's response against the generated myofibril stress...
September 6, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871240/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-analysis-in-coronary-artery-disease-related-to-type-2-diabetes
#14
Teresa Infante, Ernesto Forte, Marco Aiello, Marco Salvatore, Carlo Cavaliere
AIM: The leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is coronary artery disease (CAD), a condition often asymptomatic but severe in these patients. Although glucose metabolism impairment and oxidative stress are known actors in the endothelial dysfunction/remodeling that occurs in diabetic patients, the relationship between cardiovascular disorders and DM is not fully understood. We have performed both an in vivo imaging and in vitro molecular analysis to investigate diabetic-specific CAD alterations...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841180/radiolabeled-dendrimers-for-nuclear-medicine-applications
#15
REVIEW
Lingzhou Zhao, Meilin Zhu, Yujie Li, Yan Xing, Jinhua Zhao
Recent advances in nuclear medicine have explored nanoscale carriers for targeted delivery of various radionuclides in specific manners to improve the effect of diagnosis and therapy of diseases. Due to the unique molecular architecture allowing facile attachment of targeting ligands and radionuclides, dendrimers provide versatile platforms in this filed to build abundant multifunctional radiolabeled nanoparticles for nuclear medicine applications. This review gives special focus to recent advances in dendrimer-based nuclear medicine agents for the imaging and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular and other diseases...
August 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797972/recent-applications-of-plga-based-nanostructures-in-drug-delivery
#16
REVIEW
Maria Mir, Naveed Ahmed, Asim Ur Rehman
Over the years, issues associated with non-biodegradable polymers have paved the way for biodegradable polymers in the domain of pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences. Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is considered one of the most thrivingly synthesized biodegradable polymers. To formulate polymeric nanostructures, PLGA has attained noteworthy attention due to its controllable properties, complete biodegradability and biocompatibility, well defined formulation techniques and easy processing. This review focuses on fabrication techniques of PLGA based nanostructures and their advanced biomedical applications covering drug delivery and in-vivo imaging...
July 28, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775206/clinical-molecular-imaging-of-chemokine-receptor-cxcr4-expression-in-atherosclerotic-plaque-using-68-ga-pentixafor-pet-correlation-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-calcified-plaque-burden
#17
Desiree Weiberg, James T Thackeray, Guenter Daum, Jan M Sohns, Saskia Kropf, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel, Thorsten Derlin
The CXC-motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) represents a promising target for molecular imaging of different CXCR4+ cell types in cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis and arterial wall injury. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, pattern, and clinical correlates of arterial wall accumulation of (68)Ga-Pentixafor, a specific CXCR4 ligand for positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Data of fifty-one patients who underwent (68)Ga-Pentixafor PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) for non-cardiovascular indications were retrospectively analyzed...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736756/advancing-the-science-of-myocardial-recovery-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-working-group-of-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute
#18
Stavros G Drakos, Francis D Pagani, Martha S Lundberg, J Timothy Baldwin
The medical burden of heart failure (HF) has spurred interest in clinicians and scientists to develop therapies to restore the function of a failing heart. To advance this agenda, the National Heart Lung Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a Working Group of experts on June 2-3, 2016 in Bethesda Maryland to develop recommendations for the NHLBI aimed at advancing the science of cardiac recovery in the setting of mechanical circulatory support (MCS). MSC devices effectively reduce volume and pressure overload that drives the cycle of progressive myocardial dysfunction, thereby triggering structural and functional reverse remodeling...
June 2017: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734900/molecular-imaging-in-stem-cell-based-therapies-of-cardiac-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Xiang Li, Marcus Hacker
In the past 15years, despite regenerative medicine has shown great potential for cardiovascular diseases, the outcome and safety of stem cell transplantation has shown controversial results in the published literature. Medical imaging might be useful for monitoring and quantification transplanted cells within the heart and to serially characterize the effects of stem cell therapy of the myocardium. From the multiple available noninvasive imaging techniques, magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear imaging by positron (PET) or single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) are the most used clinical approaches to follow the fate of transplanted stem cells in vivo...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668930/cell-scientist-to-watch-jacky-goetz
#20
(no author information available yet)
Jacky Goetz graduated in pharmacology and cell biology from the University of Strasbourg in France and moved to Canada to the laboratory of Ivan Robert Nabi at the University of Montreal and later the University of British Columbia, to work on the interaction between the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, as well as the glycosylation of membrane proteins. In 2007, he received his PhD from both the University of Montreal and the University of Strasbourg. For his postdoc, Jacky moved to the Spanish national centre for cardiovascular research (CNIC) in Madrid and the laboratory of Miguel Angel del Pozo to study the tumour microenvironment...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
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