keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular molecular imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900885/selecting-heart-failure-patients-for-metabolic-interventions
#1
Harmen G Booij, Anne M Koning, Harry van Goor, Rudolf A de Boer, B Daan Westenbrink
Introduction Heart failure (HF) has become the cardiovascular epidemic of the century and now imposes an immense burden on health care systems. While our understanding of the pathophysiology of HF has increased dramatically, the translation of knowledge into clinical practice has been disappointing. Metabolic dysfunction in HF has been studied for eight decades, but these efforts have not resulted in effective therapies. This paucity in clinical translation probably results from the variable contribution of metabolic dysfunction to the underlying heart disease...
November 30, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882550/investigating-interactions-between-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-cardiac-myocytes-what-can-we-learn-from-different-approaches
#2
REVIEW
Katja Rietdorf, Hilary MacQueen
Heart disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Some cardiovascular conditions can be modulated by lifestyle factors such as increased exercise or a healthier diet, but many require surgical or pharmacological interventions for their management. More targeted and less invasive therapies would be beneficial. Recently it has become apparent that epicardial adipose tissue plays an important role in normal and pathological cardiac function, and it is now the focus of considerable research...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845659/pipe-phantoms-with-applications-in-molecular-imaging-and-system-characterization
#3
Shiying Wang, Elizabeth B Herbst, Stephen D Pye, Carmel M Moran, John A Hossack
Pipe (vessel) phantoms mimicking human tissue and blood flow are widely used for cardiovascular related research in medical ultrasound. Pipe phantom studies require the development of materials and liquids that match the acoustic properties of soft tissue, blood vessel wall, and blood. Over recent years, pipe phantoms have been developed to mimic the molecular properties of the simulated blood vessels. In this paper, the design, construction, and functionalization of pipe phantoms are introduced and validated for applications in molecular imaging and ultrasound imaging system characterization...
November 9, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821522/cilia-in-vertebrate-left-right-patterning
#4
REVIEW
Agnik Dasgupta, Jeffrey D Amack
Understanding how left-right (LR) asymmetry is generated in vertebrate embryos is an important problem in developmental biology. In humans, a failure to align the left and right sides of cardiovascular and/or gastrointestinal systems often results in birth defects. Evidence from patients and animal models has implicated cilia in the process of left-right patterning. Here, we review the proposed functions for cilia in establishing LR asymmetry, which include creating transient leftward fluid flows in an embryonic 'left-right organizer'...
December 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813700/current-challenges-for-the-targeted-delivery-and-molecular-imaging-of-stem-cells-in-animal-models
#5
Arezoo Momeni, Sriram Neelamegham, Natesh Parashurama
In contrast to conventional, molecular medicine that focuses on targeting specific pathways, stem cell therapy aims to perturb many related mechanisms in order to derive therapeutic benefit. This emerging modality is inherently complex due to the variety of cell types that can be used, delivery approaches that need to be optimized in order to target the cellular therapeutic to specific sites in vivo, and non-invasive imaging methods that are needed to monitor cell fate. This review highlights advancements in the field, with focus on recent publications that use preclinical animal models for cardiovascular stem cell therapy...
November 4, 2016: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807202/estrogens-and-androgens-in-skeletal-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#6
REVIEW
Maria Almeida, Michaël R Laurent, Vanessa Dubois, Frank Claessens, Charles A O'Brien, Roger Bouillon, Dirk Vanderschueren, Stavros C Manolagas
Estrogens and androgens influence the growth and maintenance of the mammalian skeleton and are responsible for its sexual dimorphism. Estrogen deficiency at menopause or loss of both estrogens and androgens in elderly men contribute to the development of osteoporosis, one of the most common and impactful metabolic diseases of old age. In the last 20 years, basic and clinical research advances, genetic insights from humans and rodents, and newer imaging technologies have changed considerably the landscape of our understanding of bone biology as well as the relationship between sex steroids and the physiology and pathophysiology of bone metabolism...
January 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798490/the-future-of-imaging-in-cardiovascular-disease-intervention-trials-2017-and-beyond
#7
Mhairi K Doris, Marc R Dweck, Zahi A Fayad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As our understanding of cardiovascular disease has advanced over the past decades, multiple novel treatment strategies have been developed with the hope of reducing the global morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Large-scale trials to test such novel therapies using clinical end points are expensive, leading to interest in phase II clinical trials with imaging-derived outcome measures. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive imaging techniques that assess changes in both atherosclerotic disease burden and plaque composition in response to therapy are well established...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786234/applications-of-3d-printing-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Andreas A Giannopoulos, Dimitris Mitsouras, Shi-Joon Yoo, Peter P Liu, Yiannis S Chatzizisis, Frank J Rybicki
3D-printed models fabricated from CT, MRI, or echocardiography data provide the advantage of haptic feedback, direct manipulation, and enhanced understanding of cardiovascular anatomy and underlying pathologies. Reported applications of cardiovascular 3D printing span from diagnostic assistance and optimization of management algorithms in complex cardiovascular diseases, to planning and simulating surgical and interventional procedures. The technology has been used in practically the entire range of structural, valvular, and congenital heart diseases, and the added-value of 3D printing is established...
October 27, 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710242/metabolic-fingerprints-of-circulating-igf-i-and-the-igf-i-igfbp-3-ratio-a-multi-fluid-metabolomics-study
#9
Henrike Knacke, Maik Pietzner, Kieu Trinh Do, Werner Römisch-Margl, Gabi Kastenmüller, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Jan Krumsiek, Anna Artati, Henri Wallaschofski, Matthias Nauck, Karsten Suhre, Jerzy Adamski, Nele Friedrich
OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-I) is known for its various physiological and severe pathophysiological effects on human metabolism, however underlying molecular mechanisms still remain unsolved. To reveal possible molecular mechanisms mediating these effects, for the first time we associated serum IGF-I levels with multi-fluid untargeted metabolomics data. METHODS: Plasma/urine samples of 995 non-diabetic participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND) were characterized by mass spectrometry...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681577/update-on-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-a-guide-to-the-guidelines
#10
Srijita Sen-Chowdhry, Daniel Jacoby, James C Moon, William J McKenna
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiovascular disorder, affecting 1 in 500 individuals worldwide. Existing epidemiological studies might have underestimated the prevalence of HCM, however, owing to limited inclusion of individuals with early, incomplete phenotypic expression. Clinical manifestations of HCM include diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, ischaemia, atrial fibrillation, abnormal vascular responses and, in 5% of patients, progression to a 'burnt-out' phase characterized by systolic impairment...
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668964/a-nanoscale-tool-for-photoacoustic-based-measurements-of-clotting-time-and-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-heparin
#11
Junxin Wang, Fang Chen, Santiago J Arconada-Alvarez, James Hartanto, Li-Peng Yap, Ryan Park, Fang Wang, Ivetta Vorobyova, Grant Dagliyan, Peter S Conti, Jesse V Jokerst
Heparin anticoagulation therapy is an indispensable feature of clinical care yet has a narrow therapeutic window and is the second most common intensive care unit (ICU) medication error. The active partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) monitors heparin but suffers from long turnaround times, a variable reference range, limited utility with low molecular weight heparin, and poor correlation to dose. Here, we describe a photoacoustic imaging technique to monitor heparin concentration using methylene blue as a simple and Federal Drug Administration-approved contrast agent...
September 28, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659455/pet-mr-yet-another-tesla
#12
Markus Schwaiger, Karl Kunze, Christoph Rischpler, Stephan G Nekolla
After the successful introduction of PET/CT as a multimodality imaging technique, PET/MR has subsequently emerged as an attractive instrumentation for applications in neurology, oncology, and cardiology. Simultaneous data acquisition combining structural, functional, and molecular imaging provides a unique platform to link various aspects of cardiac performance for the non-invasive characterization of cardiovascular disease phenotypes. Specifically, tissue characterization by MR techniques with and without contrast agents allows for functional parameters such as LGE, myocardial perfusion, and T1 maps as well as an estimate of extracellular volume...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659454/cardiovascular-pet-mr-imaging-quo-vadis
#13
Thomas Hellmut Schindler
With the recent advent of PET/MRI scanners, the combination of molecular imaging with a variety of known and novel PET radiotracers, the high spatial resolution of MRI, and its potential for multi-parametric imaging are anticipated to increase the diagnostic accuracy in cardiovascular disease detection, while providing novel mechanistic insights into the initiation and progression of the disease state. For the time being, cardiac PET/MRI emerges as potential clinical tool in the identification and characterization of infiltrative cardiac diseases, such as sarcoidosis, acute or chronic myocarditis, and cardiac tumors, respectively...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639968/molecular-imaging-of-the-extracellular-matrix-in-the-context-of-atherosclerosis
#14
Carolin Reimann, Julia Brangsch, Federico Colletini, Thula Walter, Bernd Hamm, Rene M Botnar, Marcus R Makowski
This review summarizes the current status of molecular imaging of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the context of atherosclerosis. Apart from cellular components, the ECM of the atherosclerotic plaque plays a relevant role during the initiation of atherosclerosis and its' subsequent progression. Important structural and signaling components of the ECM include elastin, collagen and fibrin. However, the ECM not only plays a structural role in the arterial wall but also interacts with different cell types and has important biological signaling functions...
September 14, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632423/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-cyclic-99m-tc-hynic-cgprppc-as-a-fibrin-binding-peptide-for-molecular-imaging-of-thrombosis-and-its-comparison-with-99m-tc-hynic-gprpp
#15
Sedigheh Rezaeianpour, Atefeh Hajiagha Bozorgi, Abolghasem Moghimi, Ameneh Almasi, Saeed Balalaie, Sorour Ramezanpour, Sanaz Nasoohi, Seyed Mohammad Mazidi, Parham Geramifar, Ahmad Bitarafan-Rajabi, Soraya Shahhosseini
PURPOSE: Many patients worldwide suffer from cardiovascular diseases for which an underlying factor is thrombosis. Devising a molecular imaging technique for early detection of thrombosis in a clinical setting is highly recommended. Because fibrin is a major constituent of clots and is present in all types of thrombi but absent in circulation, it is a highly specific and sensitive target for molecular imaging of thrombi. It is assumed that cyclization of peptides will improve the receptor binding affinity and stability of the peptide...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614203/a-synthetic-luciferin-improves-in-vivo-bioluminescence-imaging-of-gene-expression-in-cardiovascular-brain-regions
#16
Hayk Simonyan, Chansol Hurr, Colin N Young
Bioluminescence imaging is an effective tool for in vivo investigation of molecular processes. We have demonstrated the applicability of bioluminescence imaging to spatiotemporally monitor gene expression in cardioregulatory brain nuclei during the development of cardiovascular disease, via incorporation of firefly luciferase into living animals, combined with exogenous d-luciferin substrate administration. Nevertheless, d-luciferin uptake into the brain tissue is low, which decreases the sensitivity of bioluminescence detection, particularly when considering small changes in gene expression in tiny central areas...
October 1, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611712/pet-imaging-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system
#17
James T Thackeray, Frank M Bengel
The autonomic nervous system is the primary extrinsic control of heart rate and contractility, and is subject to adaptive and maladaptive changes in cardiovascular disease. Consequently, noninvasive assessment of neuronal activity and function is an attractive target for molecular imaging. A myriad of targeted radiotracers have been developed over the last 25 years for imaging various components of the sympathetic and parasympathetic signal cascades. While routine clinical use remains somewhat limited, a number of larger scale studies in recent years have supplied momentum to molecular imaging of autonomic signaling...
December 2016: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609368/evaluation-of-68ga-glutamate-carboxypeptidase-ii-ligand-positron-emission-tomography-for-clinical-molecular-imaging-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-neovascularization
#18
Thorsten Derlin, Johannes Thiele, Desiree Weiberg, James T Thackeray, Klaus Püschel, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Lukas Aguirre Dávila, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Günter Daum, Frank M Bengel, Udo Schumacher
OBJECTIVE: Intraplaque neovascularization contributes to the progression and rupture of atherosclerotic lesions. Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is strongly expressed by endothelial cells of tumor neovasculature and plays a major role in hypoxia-induced neovascularization in rodent models of benign diseases. We hypothesized that GCPII expression may play a role in intraplaque neovascularization and may represent a target for imaging of atherosclerotic lesions. The aim of this study was to determine frequency, pattern, and clinical correlates of vessel wall uptake of a (68)Ga-GCPII ligand for positron emission tomographic imaging...
September 8, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601015/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-kidney-involvement-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism-an-update-on-clinical-and-molecular-aspects
#19
Chiara Verdelli, Sabrina Corbetta
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is the third most common endocrine disease. Kidney is a target of both chronic elevated PTH and calcium in PHPT. The classic PHPT complications of symptomatic kidney stones and nephrocalcinosis have become rare and the PHPT current presentation is asymptomatic with uncertain and long lasting progression. Nonetheless, the routinely use of imaging and of biochemical determinations have revealed the frequent occurrence of asymptomatic kidney stones, hypercalciuria and reduced kidney function in asymptomatic PHPT patients...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552319/gold-nanostars-for-efficient-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-real-time-sers-detection-and-drug-delivery-via-plasmonic-tunable-raman-ftir-imaging
#20
Furong Tian, João Conde, Chenchen Bao, Yunsheng Chen, James Curtin, Daxiang Cui
The application of plasmonic-enhanced Raman imaging of cancer cells and drug delivery is gaining momentum. Here, we propose a new theranostic strategy based on an efficient plasmonic-tunable Raman/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy imaging, to simultaneously evaluate the anticancer drug scattering cellular imaging and the Raman scattering molecular vibration signals in living cells. This technique allows to monitoring the drug release throughout the cell cycle and in vivo biodistribution and biocompatibility with low dose drug therapy (200 μg/mL) and low toxicity effect...
November 2016: Biomaterials
keyword
keyword
86079
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"