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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750251/blood-borne-virus-testing-of-2250-patients-in-an-unusual-repeated-dental-patient-notification-exercise-challenges-faced-and-lessons-learnt
#1
H J Henderson, L Hopps, K M Roy
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to ascertain the risk created for patients of two dental practices where infection control was found to be inadequate, and if the risk was deemed to be significant, initiate an investigation involving notification and blood borne virus (BBV) testing to establish if any patient-to-patient BBV transmissions had occurred as a result of these infection control breaches. STUDY DESIGN: A case study. METHODS: A public health investigation and patient notification...
July 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750109/comparison-of-fixed-dental-prostheses-with-zirconia-and-metal-frameworks-five-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Irena Sailer, Marc Balmer, Hüsler Jürg, Christoph Hans Franz Hämmerle, Sarah Känel, Daniel Stefan Thoma
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test whether posterior zirconia-ceramic (ZC) and metal-ceramic (MC) fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) exhibit similar survival and technical/biologic complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 58 patients in need of 76 posterior FDPs were randomly assigned to receive 40 ZC and 36 MC FDPs. The restorations were examined at baseline (cementation) and yearly for 5 years. Technical and biologic outcomes were compared. The independent treatment groups were compared with nonparametric Mann-Whitney test for metric variables and with Fisher exact test for categoric data...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#3
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749529/effect-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-treatment-on-dental-caries-in-primary-teeth
#4
Jennifer Clemens, Jaana Gold, Jeffrey Chaffin
OBJECTIVES: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment has been identified as a potential solution to address the dental public health issues of untreated dental caries and insufficient access to care. The current study assessed the effectiveness of 38 percent SDF in arresting active dental caries lesions and in reducing or preventing associated dental pain and infections in young, at-risk children. METHODS: We enrolled 32 children aged 2-5 years with 118 active caries lesions in primary teeth from a community dental clinic in Oregon...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748395/variation-in-caries-treatment-proposals-among-dentists-in-norway-the-best-interest-of-the-child
#5
A Rønneberg, A B Skaare, B Hofmann, I Espelid
AIM: To explore variation in treatment-related-decisions for severe caries in children among dentists in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Norway. It was also to evaluate the treatment choices in relation to the best interest of children and a child's rights to enjoy the highest standard of health care. METHODS: A pre-coded questionnaire was sent electronically to all general dental practitioners (GDPs) working in the PDS in eight counties in Norway (n = 611)...
July 26, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747248/pathways-between-childhood-adolescent-adversity-adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-long-term-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood
#6
Jenalee R Doom, Susan M Mason, Shakira F Suglia, Cari Jo Clark
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated mediators between childhood/adolescent adversities (e.g., dating violence, maltreatment, homelessness, and parental death), low socioeconomic status (SES) during adolescence, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in young adulthood. The purpose of these analyses was to understand whether SES during adolescence and childhood/adolescent adversities affect CVD risk through similar pathways, including maternal relationship quality, health behaviors, financial stress, medical/dental care, educational attainment, sleep problems, and depressive symptoms...
July 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747157/oral-health-literacy-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-an-adult-population-in-brazil
#7
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746658/relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-young-and-middle-aged-brazilians-cross-sectional-study
#8
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Favius Armani, Astrid Marie Arap, Thais Nejm, Juliana Barros Andrade, Henry Bittar Bufarah, Danielli Haddad Syllos Dezen
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested in the literature that periodontal disease (PD) is associated with cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to appraise the relationship between periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome) among young and middle-aged adults attended at a health promotion and check-up center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Health Promotion and Check-up Center of Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746465/orofacial-characteristics-of-functionally-independent-elders
#9
Danielle Nunes Moura Silva, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho
Purpose: to understand the main orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elderly individuals and to investigate their association with age, gender, socioeconomic level, and dental status. Methods: an observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample. Inclusion criteria: minimum age of 60 years, individual in good health conditions according to a pre-established protocol published by the health care service...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746320/c-reactive-protein-in-periodontitis-and-its-comparison-with-body-mass-index-and-smoking-behaviour
#10
S Gupta, S Pradhan, S Kc, S Shakya, M Giri
INTRODUCTION: Chronic periodontitis is an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment loss, and bone loss. In addition to declining oral health, there is always low grade infection present in periodontitis. Studies show increased levels of systemic biomarkers in periodontal disease such as CRP, which is considered a key-marker of CVD. Research has also shown positive association between BMI and smoking with periodontitis and CRP...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746260/perinatal-hiv-infection-and-exposure-and-their-association-with-dental-caries-in-nigerian-children
#11
Modupe Coker, Samer El-Kamary, Cyril Enwonwu, William Blattner, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel Mongodin, Paul Akhigbe, Ozo Obuekwe, Austin Omoigberale, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Although HIV infection is associated with well-known oral pathologies, there remains a dearth of comparative studies aimed at determining the association between HIV infection/exposure and early childhood caries. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 3 groups of children receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria. The groups include HIV infected (HI); HIV exposed but uninfected (HEU); and HIV unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children aged 6 through 72 months...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745803/measuring-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-among-older-adults-in-brazil
#12
Fabíola Bof de Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Kenya Noronha
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives are to assess socioeconomic inequality in the use of dental care among older Brazilian adults and to analyse the extent to which certain determinants contribute to that inequality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2010. All individuals answered a structured questionnaire containing questions on their use of dental care and socioeconomic conditions and underwent a clinical oral examination by a dentist...
July 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744899/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-dental-implant-failure-a-significant-concern-in-elders
#13
Bhumija Gupta, Aneesha Acharya, Georgios Pelekos, Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Antonia Kolokythas
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a significantly prevalent health concern in geriatric populations. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs (SSRI) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant agents, with increasing rates of prescription. The present report aimed to present a concise review of the current understanding regarding SSRI effects on bone and dental implant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A broad-based review and summary of literature pertaining to the effects of SSRI on bone metabolism and on dental implant survival was performed...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744845/drug-induced-dental-caries-a-disproportionality-analysis-using-data-from-vigibase
#14
Emilie Patras de Campaigno, Inès Kebir, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Manuela Rueter, Delphine Maret, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Brigitte Sallerin, Fabien Despas
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is defined as a pathological breakdown of the tooth. It is an infectious phenomenon involving a multifactorial aetiology. The impact of drugs on cariogenic risk has been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we identified drugs suspected to induce dental caries as adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and then studied a possible pathogenic mechanism for each drug that had a statistically significant disproportionality. METHODS: We extracted individual case safety reports of dental caries associated with drugs from VigiBase(®) (the World Health Organization global individual case safety report database)...
July 25, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743291/theory-based-interventions-for-caries-related-sugar-intake-in-adults-systematic-review
#15
Said Hartih Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton
BACKGROUND: Theories of behavior change are essential in the design of effective behaviour change strategies. No studies have assessed the effectiveness of interventions based on psychological theories to reduce sugar intake related to dental caries. The study assessed the effect of interventions based on Social Congition Models (SCMs) on sugar intake in adults, when compared with educational interventions or no intervention. METHODS: A range of papers were considered: Systematic review Systematic Reviews with or without Meta Analyses; Randomised Controlled Trials; Controlled Clinical Trials and Before and after studies, of interventions based on Social Cognition Models aimed at dietary intake of sugar in adults...
July 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#16
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741684/how-does-mandibular-bone-atrophy-influence-the-masticatory-function-ohrqol-and-satisfaction-in-overdenture-wearers-clinical-results-until-1-year-post-loading
#17
Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Fernanda Faot, Alessandra Julie Schuster, Amália Machado Bielemann, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
This longitudinal clinical study investigated the differences in the masticatory function (MF), satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) between atrophic patients (AP) and non-atrophic patients (NAP) before and after rehabilitation with mandibular overdenture (MO). Twenty-six complete denture (CD) wearers were categorized into two groups, according to the mandibular bone atrophy (MBA) degree. MF was evaluated before and after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of the MO loading via 2 standardized tests: i) MP, masticatory performance (MP_X50, MPB, ME 5...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741257/the-comorbidity-burden-of-patients-with-cluster-headache-a-population-based-study
#18
Shivang Joshi, Paul Rizzoli, Elizabeth Loder
BACKGROUND: Evidence is limited regarding the comorbidity burden of patients with cluster headache (CH). We aimed to characterize comorbid conditions in a cohort of CH patients diagnosed by headache experts, using electronic health record information from the Partners Research Patient Data Registry (RPDR). METHODS: We identified and reviewed the charts of unique patients diagnosed by headache specialists over an 11-year period, and a set of matched controls. Patients were categorized as having Definite, Unconfirmed or no CH...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741086/statewide-policy-change-in-pediatric-dental-care-and-the-impact-on-pediatric-dental-and-physician-visits
#19
Cheryl Zlotnick, Tammy Tam, Yu Ye
Introduction In 2007, the California signed legislation mandating a dental visit for all children entering kindergarten or first grade; no such mandate was made for physician visits. This study examines the impact of this policy change on the risk factors associated with obtaining pediatric dental and physician health care visits. Methods Every 2 years, California Health Interview Survey conducts a statewide survey on a representative community sample. This cross-sectional study took advantage of these data to conduct a "natural experiment" assessing the impact of this policy change on both pediatric physician and dental care visits in the past year...
July 24, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739683/genotoxicity-induced-by-dental-materials-a-comprehensive-review
#20
REVIEW
Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Veronica Quispe Yujra, Carolina Foot Gomes DE Moura, Bianca Andrade Handan, Milena DE Barros Viana, Liria Yuri Yamauchi, Paula Midori Castelo, Odair Aguiar
Genotoxicity is the capacity of an agent to produce damage in the DNA molecule. Considering the strong evidence for a relationship between genetic damage and carcinogenesis, evaluation of genotoxicity induced by dental materials is necessary for elucidating the true health risks to patients and professionals. The purpose of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of genotoxicity induced by dental materials. All published data showed some evidence of genotoxicity, especially related to dental bleaching, restorative materials and endodontic compounds...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
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