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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#1
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166477/regional-differences-in-infection-control-conditions-in-a-sample-of-primary-health-care-services-in-brazil
#2
Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Vera Lúcia Silva Resende, Kyu Ha Lee, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, Jacqueline Rose Starr
International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166475/proposal-of-a-trigger-tool-to-assess-adverse-events-in-dental-care
#3
Claudia Dolores Trierweiler Sampaio de Oliveira Corrêa, Walter Mendes
The aim of this study was to propose a trigger tool for research of adverse events in outpatient dentistry in Brazil. The tool was elaborated in two stages: (i) to build a preliminary set of triggers, a literature review was conducted to identify the composition of trigger tools used in other areas of health and the principal adverse events found in dentistry; (ii) to validate the preliminarily constructed triggers a panel of experts was organized using the modified Delphi method. Fourteen triggers were elaborated in a tool with explicit criteria to identify potential adverse events in dental care, essential for retrospective patient chart reviews...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165844/oral-microbiomes-from-hunter-gatherers-and-traditional-farmers-reveal-shifts-in-commensal-balance-and-pathogen-load-linked-to-diet
#4
Florent Lassalle, Matteo Spagnoletti, Matteo Fumagalli, Liam Shaw, Mark Dyble, Catherine Walker, Mark G Thomas, Andrea Bamberg Migliano, Francois Balloux
Maladaptation to modern diets has been implicated in several chronic disorders. Given the higher prevalence of disease such as dental caries and chronic gum diseases in industrialized societies, we sought to investigate the impact of different subsistence strategies on oral health and physiology, as documented by the oral microbiome. To control for confounding variables such as environment and host genetics, we sampled saliva from three pairs of populations of hunter-gatherers and traditional farmers living in close proximity in the Philippines...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165120/high-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-among-adolescents-is-a-growing-concern-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southern-india
#5
Anand Verma, Bharatesh K Shetty, Vasudeva Guddattu, Mehul K Chourasia, Prachi Pundir
BACKGROUND: Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12-17 years) were enrolled from different schools selected by stratified sampling method. Dental examination was done to record Dean's fluorosis index, and socio-demographic, food consumption and oral hygiene data were recorded using a pre-tested structured questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#6
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165003/administrators-perceptions-of-oral-health-care-and-cancer-screening-in-long-term-care-nursing-facilities
#7
Peter Maramaldi, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Mary LeCloux, Erina White, Taru Hannele Kinnunen, Elsbeth Kalenderian
An estimated 1.7 million adults in the United States more than the age of 65 reside in long-term care nursing facilities (LTCNFs), and only 17% of them receive dental care. More than 83% of LTCNF residents require assistance with oral care. Adequate dental care is a preventative behavior for oral cancer. Adults more than age 65 will account for 60% of oral cancer-related deaths, despite an 80% cure rate for early diagnosis. This study sought to expand knowledge of the perceived benefits, barriers, and ability to perform or provide for oral health care and oral cancer screening as reported by Administrators and Directors of Nursing in LTCNFs...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164121/a-pragmatic-study-shows-failure-of-dental-composite-fillings-is-genetically-determined-a-contribution-to-the-discussion-on-dental-amalgams
#8
Alexandre R Vieira, Marília B Silva, Kesia K A Souza, Arnôldo V A Filho, Aronita Rosenblatt, Adriana Modesto
Composite resins for posterior tooth restorations have become a viable alternative to dental amalgam. Failures sometimes cannot be easily explained, and we hypothesize that a genetic component may influence longevity of restorations. We aimed to determine if there is any evidence for a difference in the performance of amalgams versus composite resin in extensive posterior restorations. We also aimed to determine if risk factors such as age, sex, smoking tobacco, alcohol drinking, diabetes status, and periodontal health status may have a role in the failures of extensive anterior composite restorations...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162952/oral-health-status-and-fertility-treatment-including-ivf
#10
REVIEW
Sunali Sundeep Khanna, Prita A Dhaimade, Shalini Malhotra
Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160407/oral-problems-and-self-confidence-in-preschool-children
#11
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Matheus França Perazzo, Érick Tássio Neves, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of clinical oral factors, socioeconomic factors and parental sense of coherence on affected self-confidence in preschool children due to oral problems. A cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling was conducted at public and private preschools with 769 five-year-old children and their parents/caretakers. A questionnaire addressing socio-demographic characteristics as well as the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) were administered...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157567/expanding-collaborative-boundaries-in-nursing-education-and-practice-the-nurse-practitioner-dentist-model-for-primary-care
#12
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Chantelle Marshall, Christine A Riedy, Lisa E Simon, Jane Barrow, Catherine R Ramos, John D DaSilva
The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and implementation of a novel interprofessional collaborative practice education program for nurse practitioner and dental students, the Nurse Practitioner-Dentist Model for Primary Care (NPD Program). The NPD Program expands collaborative boundaries in advanced practice nursing by integrating primary care within an academic dental practice. The dental practice is located in a large, urban city in the Northeast United States and provides comprehensive dental services to vulnerable and underserved patients across the age spectrum...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157355/hospital-admissions-and-emergency-department-presentations-for-dental-conditions-indicate-access-to-hospital-rather-than-poor-access-to-dental-health-care-in-the-community
#13
Matthew Yap, Mei-Ruu Kok, Soniya Nanda, Alistair Vickery, David Whyatt
High rates of dental-related potentially preventable hospitalisations are thought to reflect poor access to non-hospital dental services. The association between accessibility (geographic and financial) to non-hospital dentists and potentially preventable hospitalisations was examined in Western Australia. Areas with persistently high rates of dental-related potentially preventable hospitalisations and emergency department (ED) presentations were mapped. Statistical models examined factors associated with these events...
November 21, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155223/multilevel-model-to-estimate-county-level-untreated-dental-caries-among-us-children-aged-6-9years-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
Mei Lin, Xingyou Zhang, James B Holt, Valerie Robison, Chien-Hsun Li, Susan O Griffin
Because conducting population-based oral health screening is resource intensive, oral health data at small-area levels (e.g., county-level) are not commonly available. We applied the multilevel logistic regression and poststratification method to estimate county-level prevalence of untreated dental caries among children aged 6-9years in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 linked with various area-level data at census tract, county and state levels...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154249/deep-neck-infections-review-of-263-cases
#15
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151794/knowledge-and-practices-of-indian-dental-students-regarding-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-and-analgesics
#16
Astha Doshi, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Priyanjali Dutta, Tajinder Kumar Bansal, Ruchika Gupta
Background and aim: Making a diagnosis and prescribing medicine is the most important skill required by any doctor in the colleges, hospitals or clinical practice. Prescribing is the intervention that has the greatest influence on patients' health requiring complex series of sub-competencies like making a diagnosis, setting a therapeutic goal, choosing the approach, choosing the best drug, route and frequency of administration, duration of therapy, writing the prescription, patient information, monitoring drug effects and, lastly, review the prescription...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150129/diagnostic-accuracy-of-4-intraoral-radiographic-techniques-for-misfit-detection-at-the-implant-abutment-joint
#17
Pollyana Darós, Vinícius Cavalcanti Carneiro, Amanda Pasolini Siqueira, Sergio Lins de-Azevedo-Vaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A misfit or gap at the implant-abutment joint (IAJ) requires detection as it may compromise the health of the peri-implant tissue. However, which radiographic technique provides the most orthogonal relationship between the central beam and the implant/image receptor is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 4 intraoral radiographic techniques on misfit detection at the IAJ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty implants were placed in polyamide jaws, and customized dental implant abutments with a metal collar were installed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146212/the-current-environmental-levels-of-endocrine-disruptors-mercury-cadmium-organochlorine-pesticides-and-pcbs-in-a-belgian-adult-population-and-their-predictors-of-exposure
#18
Catherine Pirard, Stephanie Compere, Katty Firquet, Corinne Charlier
A human biomonitoring study was carried out measuring the levels of endocrine disruptors in 252 participants (18-76 years old) recruited between February and May 2015 from the general population of Liege Province (Belgium). In this study, we reported the recent levels of cadmium and mercury in urine, some organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum, and their relations to demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits. The median urinary levels of mercury and cadmium were 0...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145438/factors-associated-with-patients-satisfaction-in-brazilian-dental-primary-health-care
#19
Muath Abdullah Aldosari, Mary Angela Tavares, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga Matta-Machado, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with patients' satisfaction with the treatment by dentists in primary health care (PHC) in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dataset was part of a nationwide cross-sectional survey for evaluating PHC teams conducted by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Patients from each of 16,202 oral health teams were interviewed. In addition to sociodemographic information, the questionnaire included information about patient experience domains: access and booking of dental appointments, bonding and accountability, welcoming of the patient, and their perception of dental facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#20
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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