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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107137/interprofessional-education-in-an-orthodontic-outreach-training-centre
#1
Richard Cure
Interprofessional education (IPE) describes those occasions when students from two or more professions learn about, from and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. In the UK, orthodontic treatment is now delivered by a highly skilled team. Historically, education and training for orthodontic team members has been delivered 'uniprofessionally' in secondary care hospital settings, despite 96% of dental care, including orthodontics, being delivered in primary care. This paper describes an evaluation of IPE in Leamington Spa Orthodontics (LSO), a University-approved, primary care outreach training centre, where all members of the orthodontic team deliver patient care and are educated together in an IPE environment...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105790/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-knowledge-and-views-of-about-oral-health-and-acceptability-of-related-intervention-in-an-australian-inpatient-alcohol-and-drug-treatment-facility
#2
Alison Li Sun Cheah, Ram Pandey, Mark Daglish, Pauline J Ford, Sue Patterson
Social factors, health behaviours and the direct effects of substances contribute to the poor oral health and restricted access to dental services experienced by people who are dependent on drugs and/or alcohol. Admission for inpatient withdrawal management provides an opportunity for intervention to promote oral health but to be effective it must be acceptable to patients. To support intervention design, we examined patients' views about oral health, practices and treatment access, and appropriateness of health-promoting intervention in this context...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103260/friendship-network-and-dental-brushing-behavior-among-middle-school-students-an-agent-based-modeling-approach
#3
Maryam Sadeghipour, Mohammad Hossein Khoshnevisan, Afshin Jafari, Seyed Peyman Shariatpanahi
By using a standard questionnaire, the level of dental brushing frequency was assessed among 201 adolescent female middle school students in Tehran. The initial assessment was repeated after 5 months, in order to observe the dynamics in dental health behavior level. Logistic Regression model was used to evaluate the correlation among individuals' dental health behavior in their social network. A significant correlation on dental brushing habits was detected among groups of friends. This correlation was further spread over the network within the 5 months period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100262/dental-caries-status-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-seville-spain-a-case-control-study
#4
Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, L Monsalve-Guil, I Ortiz-Garcia, A Jimenez-Guerra, J Lopez-Lopez, J J Segura-Egea
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the dental status (DMFT) in patients with schizophrenia compared with a control group. MATERIAL: In this case-control study, 50 patients with schizophrenia attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena University Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 people (without systemic diseases and not taking psychotropic drugs) in a control group attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. Decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed according to the World Health Organization WHO criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099649/revista-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-50-years-disseminating-the-knowledge-in-nutrition
#5
Rosely Sichieri, Rosangela A Pereira
This work describes and comments on articles in the area of Public Health Nutrition published in Revista de Saúde Pública (RSP - Public Health Journal) from 1967 to 2016. We searched in the PubMed database restricted to the periodical "Revista de Saúde Pública" and using terms related to key topics in the area of Public Health Nutrition. We retrieved 742 articles and, after exclusion of duplicates and articles unrelated to the subject, we analyzed 441 articles, grouped according to subject: dental caries, anemia, hypovitaminosis A, macro/micronutrients, malnutrition, nutritional assessment, overweight/obesity, food consumption, low birthweight, and breastfeeding...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099580/risk-factors-hyposalivation-and-impact-of-xerostomia-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#6
Sven Niklander, Laura Veas, Cristina Barrera, Flavio Fuentes, Giuliana Chiappini, Maureen Marshall
To determine xerostomia-related frequency, factors, salivary flow rates and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of patients attending the Universidad Andrés Bello Dental School Clinic, in the city of Viña del Mar, Chile. The study involved 566 patients assessed with xerostomia, based on a single standardized questionnaire. The severity and impact of xerostomia on OHRQoL was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire (OHIP-14sp), respectively...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096974/mortality-hospital-days-and-treatment-costs-of-current-and-reduced-sugar-consumption-in-israel
#7
Gary M Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar causes tooth decay, overweight and obesity related morbidities. This paper in response to the Minister of Health's request, provides estimates of the mortality, morbidity and health care costs attributable to sugar consumption in Israel along with the effects of reducing sugar consumption. METHODS: Gender specific relative risks of many diseases from overweight (25 < =BMI < 30) and obesity (BMI > =30) were applied to the national gender specific prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in order to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) from overweight and obesity...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096641/assessment-of-periodontal-health-status-in-postmenopausal-women-visiting-dental-hospital-from-in-and-around-meerut-city-cross-sectional-observational-study
#8
D Deepa, Gazal Jain
BACKGROUND: Puberty, menses, pregnancy, and menopause are the different phases of a woman's life which have a varied influence on oral health. During the menopause, women go through biological and endocrine changes, particularly in their sex steroid hormone production which affects their health. Because the oral mucosa contains estrogen receptors, variations in hormone levels can be seen directly in the oral cavity leading to a few oral conditions and diseases seen more frequently during postmenopausal years...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095728/dental-prophylaxis-and-osteoradionecrosis
#9
C T Chang, S P Liu, C H Muo, C H Tsai, Y F Huang
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of different dental prophylactic modalities and osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and determine the risk of ORN under different timing periods of scaling, with the use chlorhexidine mouth rinse after surgery and with different strategies of fluoride gel application in head and neck cancer (HNC) participants. A cohort of 18,231 HNC participants, including 941 ORN patients and 17,290 matched control cases, were enrolled from a Longitudinal Health Insurance Database for Catastrophic Illness Patients (LHID-CIP) in Taiwan...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095624/-it-s-good-enough-swedish-general-dental-practitioners-on-reasons-for-accepting-sub-standard-root-filling-quality
#10
L Dahlström, O Lindwall, H Rystedt, C Reit
AIM: The concept of "good enough" is central and necessary in the assessment of root filling quality. The aim was to explore the concept by analysing reasons and arguments for the acceptance or rejection of substandard root filling quality as reported by GDPs in Sweden. METHODOLOGY: The study was designed as a qualitative and exploratory study based on seven videotaped focus group interviews analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. Thirty-three general dental practitioners (GDPs) employed in the Public Dental Health Service in Gothenburg, Sweden, participated (4-6 GDPs/interview)...
January 17, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095527/satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-immediately-loaded-mandibular-overdentures-supported-by-one-or-two-dental-implants-results-of-a-5-year-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mats Kronstrom, Ben Davis, Robert Loney, Jack Gerrow, Lars Hollender
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes among subjects with mandibular overdentures supported by one or two immediately placed dental implants 5 years after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (16 men and 20 women) received one or two dental implants in the anterior mandible, and all implants were loaded the day of surgery. Subjects were scheduled for follow-up 3-, 6-, and 12 months after implant placement and thereafter annually for 4 more years...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093086/do-children-s-previous-dental-experience-and-fear-affect-their-perceived-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol
#12
Leena Merdad, Azza A El-Housseiny
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has been used to describe the consequences of oral health conditions and treatments in children. A better understanding of OHRQoL and its relationship with dental fear and previous dental experience is necessary to improve children's oral health status. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of dental history and experience with dental fear and the OHRQoL of children aged 11 to 14 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a multi-stage stratified sample of 1,312 middle school children...
January 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#13
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093013/long-term-changes-in-health-complaints-after-removal-of-amalgam-restorations
#14
Lars Björkman, Therese T Sjursen, Knut Dalen, Gunvor B Lygre, Trine Lise L Berge, Johanna Svahn, Birgitte F Lundekvam
OBJECTIVE: Concerns over adverse effects of mercury released from dental amalgam sometimes lead patients to request removal of their amalgam restorations. Several studies report improvement of subjective health after removal of amalgam restorations, but the mechanisms are unclear. The aim of this paper is to present data on long term changes in intensity of health complaints after amalgam removal in a group of patients with health complaints self-attributed to dental amalgam. Data from the five years follow-up in a clinical trial are presented and related to potential determinants of change...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092967/disparities-in-dental-health-of-rural-australians-hospitalisation-rates-and-utilisation-of-public-dental-services-in-three-communities-in-north-queensland
#15
Karen Carlisle, Sarah Larkins, Felicity Croker
INTRODUCTION: The oral health of rural Australians continues to lag behind that of those living in metropolitan areas. Research has shown that people living in rural areas are more likely to suffer from dental caries (decay), visit the dentist less often and have poorer access to oral health services. The purpose of the study was to examine hospitalisations for dental conditions and utilisation of public dental services in three rural communities in Queensland compared with the whole of Queensland...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092965/a-national-analysis-of-dental-waiting-lists-and-point-in-time-geographic-access-to-subsidised-dental-care-can-geographic-access-be-improved-by-offering-public-dental-care-through-private-dental-clinics
#16
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas. Up to 33% of the Australian population are likely to have untreated dental decay, while people with inadequate dentition (fewer than 21 teeth) account for up to 34% of Australian adults. Historically, inadequate access to public dental care has resulted in long waiting lists, received much media coverage and been the subject of a new federal and state initiative...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092220/using-teledentistry-in-clinical-practice-an-enabler-to-improve-access-to-oral-health-care-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#17
Michelle Irving, Rosemary Stewart, Heiko Spallek, Anthony Blinkhorn
Background Access to dental care is important for overall health, but can remain problematic for those in rural or isolated locations. It can be difficult to encourage clinicians to choose or continue a rural health career. Teledentistry is showing some promise as a strategy to support rural, isolated and new health care workers. This study aims to explore the quantitative and qualitative framework associated with teledentistry in an effort to uncover the interaction of multiple influences on its delivery and sustainability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092105/effectiveness-of-water-fluoridation-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries-across-adult-age-groups
#18
Loc Do, Diep Ha, Marco A Peres, John Skinner, Roy Byun, A John Spencer
BACKGROUND: Lifetime access to fluoridated water (FW) is associated with lower caries experience. However, assessing this association in adults is likely affected by age. Cohort stratification and categorization of per cent lifetime access to fluoridated water (% LAFW) within cohorts are current approaches to this assessment. These approaches require an examination of the % LAFW and caries experience variation within and across age groups and their association to inform future analyses...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091963/pilot-test-of-survey-to-assess-dental-and-dental-hygiene-student-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-practices
#19
Holdunn Rutkoski, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Lisa Pappas, Barbara L Dixon, Lilliam M Pinzon, James Winkler, Deanna Kepka
This was the first study to develop and pilot test an assessment tool for the examination of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) knowledge, perceptions, and clinical practices of oral health students. An interdisciplinary team developed the tool using surveys that examined this topic in other populations. The tool was then pilot tested at two different dental programs. Results from the pilot informed revisions to the final version of the tool. Of the 46 student participants, 18 were first-year dental hygiene and 28 were first-year dental students...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087297/inhibition-of-streptococcal-biofilm-by-hydrogen-water
#20
Jinkyung Kim, Heon-Jin Lee, Su-Hyung Hong
OBJECTIVES: The accumulation of oral bacterial biofilm is the main etiological factor of oral diseases. Recently, electrolyzed hydrogen-rich water (H-water) has been shown to act as an effective antioxidant by reducing oxidative stress. In addition to this general health benefit, H-water has antibacterial activity for disease-associated oral bacteria. However, little is known about the effect of H-water on oral bacterial biofilm. The objective of this study was to confirm the effect of H-water on streptococcal biofilm formation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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