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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444905/the-value-of-a-combined-word-recognition-and-knowledge-measure-to-understand-characteristics-of-our-patients-oral-health-literacy
#1
Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the analysis was to examine the association between sociodemographic and dental understanding and utilization characteristics and lower oral health literacy (HL) and knowledge. METHODS: The cross-sectional Multicenter Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS) recruited and interviewed 923 English-speaking, initial care-seeking adults. The questionnaire included participant sociodemographic characteristics, measures of the participant's understanding and utilization of dentistry, and two oral HL measures, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALM-D) and the Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge (CMOHK), which were combined into a new composite HL and knowledge measure, the MOHLR-K...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444902/trajectory-of-social-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-dental-caries-among-preschool-children-in-japan
#2
Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yuko Komazaki, Toru Tsuboya, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ken Osaka, Takeo Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: The longitudinal trend of dental health inequalities among preschool children has not been described. In this study, we aimed to measure the trajectory of both relative and absolute inequalities in caries treatment among preschool children in Japan. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Babies in the 21st Century (LSB21), which is an ongoing national representative longitudinal study. The target population was families residing in Japan with newborn baby/babies born between 10 January and 17 January or 10 July and 17 July 2001...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444791/trialling-nutrient-recommendations-for-slow-lorises-nycticebus-spp-based-on-wild-feeding-ecology
#3
F Cabana, E Dierenfeld, W Wirdateti, G Donati, K A I Nekaris
Slow loris (Nycticebus spp.) captive diets have been based on routine and anecdotes rather than scientific fact. The growing body of evidence contradicts the high fruit diet supported by such anecdotes. Non-human primate nutrient requirements are grouped into new (based on the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus) or old world (based on rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta) primates. Slow lorises are known to suffer from many health ailments in captivity such as dental disease, obesity, wasting and kidney issues all of which have been linked to diet...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442895/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-prosthetic-status-of-nursing-home-residents-with-or-without-dementia
#4
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
PURPOSE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of prosthetic status on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of nursing home residents with or without dementia. METHODS: The study was performed in 14 nursing homes across the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. All eligible participants were included, and general and medical information and information about their dental and prosthetic statuses were collected...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441987/hypersensitivity-to-biomedical-implants-prevention-and-diagnosis
#5
Gregory A Rosner, Luz S Fonacier
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the potential for adverse immunologic reactions to metals in biomedical devices and increasing referrals for the evaluation and management of metal hypersensitivity reactions reported in orthopedic, cardiac, gynecologic, and dental implant devices. However, there are few studies that give evidence-based recommendations on how to evaluate this issue in our practices. METHODS: We reviewed reasonable evidence and expert opinion on biomedical device hypersensitivity and published guidelines on pre- and postimplantation evaluation of delayed hypersensitivity reactions in patients suspected of possible metal hypersensitivity to biomedical devices...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441274/-meth-mouth-an-interdisciplinary-review-of-a-dental-and-psychiatric-condition
#6
Cornel N Stanciu, Magdalena Glass, Brian C Muzyka, Oliver M Glass
OBJECTIVE: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) users experience many dental problems, a condition characterized as "meth mouth." These devastating effects on dentition is the main reason why many seek professional help. Here, we discuss the effects of MA on oral health and advocate for improved collaboration between dentists and mental health providers. We also introduce a dental evaluation tool with the goal of improving the quality of care for this often-marginalized patient population. METHODS: A Medline literature search (1985-2016) was conducted with keywords "meth mouth," "methamphetamine AND oral health"; "methamphetamine AND dental"; "methamphetamine AND dentist...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439581/lower-educational-level-is-a-risk-factor-for-tooth-loss-analysis-of-a-swiss-population-krebs-project
#7
Fabiola-Regina Rodriguez, Nadine Paganoni, Roland Weiger, Clemens Walter
PURPOSE: To analyse risk factors for tooth loss in women and men seeking treatment at the University of Basel, Switzerland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients from the pool of patients at the department were consecutively screened between January 2009 and October 2011. Gender, smoking habits, education, profession, general health status and dental variables were recorded. Tooth loss was assessed on full-mouth periapical radiographs. Gender-nested logistic regression models were applied for statistical analysis...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439403/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#8
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438229/energy-drinks-available-in-ireland-a-description-of-caffeine-and-sugar-content
#9
Laura Keaver, Susannah Gilpin, Joana Caldeira Fernandes da Silva, Claire Buckley, Cliodhna Foley-Nolan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the caffeine and sugar content of all energy drinks available on the island of Ireland. DESIGN: Two retail outlets were selected from each of: multinational, convenience and discount stores in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and all available single-serve energy drinks were purchased. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2015 and brand name, price, volume, caffeine and sugar content were recorded for each product...
April 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438160/use-of-oral-health-care-services-in-finnish-adults-results-from-the-cross-sectional-health-2000-and-2011-surveys
#10
Anna L Suominen, Sari Helminen, Satu Lahti, Miira M Vehkalahti, Matti Knuuttila, Sinikka Varsio, Anne Nordblad
BACKGROUND: During the 2000s, two major legislative reforms concerning oral health care have been implemented in Finland. One entitled the whole population to subsidized care and the other regulated the timeframes of access to care. Our aim was, in a cross-sectional setting, to assess changes in and determinants of use of oral health care services before the first reform in 2000 and after both reforms in 2011. METHODS: The data were part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys of adults aged ≥ 30 years and were gathered by interviews and questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436148/relationship-between-self-assessment-and-clinical-evaluation-of-dental-plaque-and-gingival-condition-in-japanese-adolescents
#11
Y Shizuma, T Zaitsu, M Ueno, M Ohnuki, Y Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVES: To apply a self-administered assessment form about dental plaque level and gingival condition to Japanese adolescents and to examine the extent to which they can evaluate their own dental plaque and gingivae by comparing with dentists' clinical evaluation. METHODS: Participants were 151 senior high school students (adolescents) who observed their own mouths and recorded dental plaque seen on their 12 anterior teeth, and gingival inflammation condition of 10 anterior interdental papillae, on a self-assessment form...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435375/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pediatricians-regarding-pediatric-liquid-medicaments
#12
K L Girish Babu, Geeta Maruti Doddamani, L R Kumaraswamy Naik
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pediatricians regarding pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) and its effect on dental health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 pediatricians was asked to answer a questionnaire. RESULTS: A total number of 87 pediatricians completed the questionnaires. They considered age and body weight of the child (58%), cost of the medicine (40%), and pharmaceutical company (37%) to be relevant while prescribing...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435362/awareness-about-the-effects-of-tobacco-consumption-on-oral-health-and-the-possibility-of-smoking-behavior-among-male-saudi-schoolchildren
#13
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate an association between the awareness about the effects of tobacco consumption on oral health and the likelihood of smoking among male schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted using a multistage random sampling technique. The participants (ages 15-19 years) were recruited from male public high schools in Greater Dammam in Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire inquired participants' awareness about the effects of smoking on oral health...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433071/association-between-the-eruption-of-the-third-molar-and-caries-and-periodontitis-distal-to-the-second-molars-in-elderly-patients
#14
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Pei-Shan Ho, Kun-Yen Ho, Wen-Chen Wang, Kai-Fang Hu
The objective of this study was to verify whether caries and periodontal diseases, when present on the distal surface of the second molars (M2s), are associated with the eruption of the third molars (M3s). In this split-mouth study, we evaluated 70 elderly patients with unilateral maxillary or mandibular M3s who presented to the outpatient clinics of two hospitals. Patients underwent comprehensive oral examinations and radiographical measurements, and we assessed the outcomes of periodontal disease and caries...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#15
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429975/the-real-cost-of-training-health-professionals-in-australia-it-costs-as-much-to-build-a-dietician-workforce-as-a-dental-workforce
#16
Leonie Segal, Claire Marsh, Rob Heyes
Objectives We explored the real cost of training the workforce in a range of primary health care professions in Australia with a focus on the impact of retention to contribute to the debate on how best to achieve the optimal health workforce mix. Methods The cost to train an entry-level health professional across 12 disciplines was derived from university fees, payment for clinical placements and, where relevant, cost of internship, adjusted for student drop-out. Census data were used to identify the number of qualified professionals working in their profession over a working life and to model expected years of practice by discipline...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#17
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#18
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#20
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
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