keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ocular motility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544585/effects-of-ophthalmologic-solutions-on-sinonasal-ciliated-epithelium
#1
Alan D Workman, Ryan M Carey, Michael A Kohanski, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: Off-label use of topical ophthalmologic formulations for treatment of rhinologic disease is cited in recent literature and is anecdotally prevalent among practicing otolaryngologists. Steroids, antibiotics, and other drugs designed for ocular use have subjective clinical efficacy in the nose and sinuses, but their specific effects on the ciliated epithelium are less well defined. This study examines 9 commercially available ophthalmologic drug formulations for effects on ciliary motility in sinonasal cultures, in an effort to characterize their utility as topical therapies for sinonasal diseases...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523224/the-treatment-methods-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Kerry Louise Hanna, Lauren Rachel Hepworth, Fiona J Rowe
AIM: To provide a systematic overview of interventions for stroke related visual impairments. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted including randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, cohort studies, observational studies, systematic reviews, and retrospective medical note reviews. All languages were included and translation obtained. This review covers adult participants (aged 18 years or over) diagnosed with a visual impairment as a direct cause of a stroke...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517368/testicular-thermoregulation-scrotal-surface-temperature-patterns-and-semen-quality-of-water-buffalo-bulls-reared-in-a-tropical-climate
#3
L K X Silva, J S Sousa, A O A Silva, J B Lourenço Junior, C Faturi, L G Martorano, I M Franco, M H A Pantoja, D V Barros, A R Garcia
This study evaluated the capacity of thermoregulation and its consequences on the scrotal surface temperature patterns and semen quality of buffalo bulls raised in a wet tropical climate. Eleven water buffaloes were evaluated in the rainiest, in the transitional and in the less rainy season. Air temperature and humidity were consistently high, but the animals did not show thermal stress in any season. The scrotal temperature gradient of buffalo bulls using infrared thermography was described, and three parallel and decreasing thermal bands were characterised...
May 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504201/cilia-the-sensory-antennae-in-the-eye
#4
REVIEW
Helen May-Simera, Kerstin Nagel-Wolfrum, Uwe Wolfrum
Cilia are hair-like projections found on almost all cells in the human body. Originally believed to function merely in motility, the function of solitary non-motile (primary) cilia was long overlooked. Recent research has demonstrated that primary cilia function as signalling hubs that sense environmental cues and are pivotal for organ development and function, tissue hoemoestasis, and maintenance of human health. Cilia share a common anatomy and their diverse functional features are achieved by evolutionarily conserved functional modules, organized into sub-compartments...
May 11, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502469/hepatocyte-growth-factor-suppresses-inflammation-and-promotes-epithelium-repair-in-corneal-injury
#5
Masahiro Omoto, Kunal Suri, Afsaneh Amouzegar, Mingshun Li, Kishore R Katikireddy, Sharad K Mittal, Sunil K Chauhan
Corneal injuries are among the major causes of ocular morbidity and vision impairment. Optimal epithelial wound healing is critical for the integrity and transparency of the cornea after injury. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a mitogen and motility factor that primarily regulates epithelial cell function. Herein, we investigate the effect of HGF on proliferation of corneal epithelial cells (CECs) in inflamed conditions both in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate that HGF not only promotes CEC proliferation in homeostatic conditions but also reverses the anti-proliferative effect of the inflammatory environment on these cells...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499464/prospective-study-on-ocular-motility-limitation-due-to-orbital-muscle-entrapment-or-impingement-associated-with-orbital-wall-fracture
#6
Babak Alinasab, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Pär Stjärne
INTRODUCTION: The recommended urgent surgical management of ocular motility restriction due to orbital muscle entrapment or impingement associated with orbital wall fracture needs to be elucidated. AIM: To evaluate the importance of the time from injury to surgery for the outcome in ocular motility and diplopia, the time lapse of ocular motility, diplopia and hypesthesia recovery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with entrapment or impingement of orbital contents due to orbital wall fracture were followed up prospectively over 1year regarding ocular motility, diplopia, hypesthesia and cosmetic deformity...
April 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482758/lesions-caused-by-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-farmed-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-and-i-punctatus-%C3%A3-i-furcatus-in-mississippi
#7
Wes A Baumgartner, Lorelei Ford, Larry Hanson
In 2009, a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila caused severe disease and high mortalities (motile aeromonad septicemia variant [MASv]) in farmed channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus) and hybrid catfish ( I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in eastern Mississippi and Alabama. As is common in MAS, there is severe hemorrhagic dermatitis with ulceration, as well as abdominal hyperemia, petechiation, and mild ascites. Additional findings in MASv cases include panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis, leading to ocular rupture, and brains are often hyperemic with mild random acute hemorrhage...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476458/-sensory-and-motor-clinical-presentation-of-congenital-retraction-syndromes-stilling-duane-and-brown-syndrome
#8
V Promelle, M Fortier, S Milazzo
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Brown syndrome and Stilling-Duane syndrome, two rare causes of strabismus are caused by fibrosis of one or more extraocular muscles. This series aims to report the clinical sensory and motor features of patients with Brown or Stilling-Duane syndrome. METHODS: Seventeen patients' records were retrospectively assessed for: the ocular deviation in primary position and in the 9 positions of gaze, head tilt, visual acuity and binocular vision...
May 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442300/effects-of-mmp12-on-cell-motility-and-inflammation-during-corneal-epithelial-repair
#9
Marie Wolf, Inna Maltseva, Selene M Clay, Peipei Pan, Abhinay Gajjala, Matilda F Chan
Corneal epithelial defects are a common cause of ocular morbidity and can result in corneal scarring if they do not heal properly. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular matrix proteinases that regulate multiple aspects of corneal repair. We have previously shown that MMP12 has a protective effect on corneal fibrosis through its regulation of neutrophil and macrophage infiltration and angiogenesis in a chemical injury model involving full thickness damage to the cornea. However, the role of MMP12 in injuries limited to the corneal epithelium is relatively unknown...
April 22, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439168/ocular-injuries-in-patients-of-zygomatico-complex-zmc-fractures
#10
Altaf Hussain Malik, Aijaz A Shah, Irshad Ahmad, Babar Ai Shah
PURPOSE: Mid face injuries commonly destroy the integrity of the orbital skeleton, and are frequently complicated by injury to the eye, ranging between 2.7 and 90.6 % as reported in literature. The eye injuries range from simple subconjunctival haemorrhage to globe rupture. The paper aims to study the types of ocular injuries in patients with ZMC fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A study of 67 patients, who had sustained facial trauma sufficient to lead to a facial bone fracture, was undertaken in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt Dental College, Srinagar from 2008 to 2014 and the patients received a comprehensive examination by an ophthalmologist within 1 week of injury...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432112/reduction-of-severe-visual-loss-and-complications-following-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-iac-for-refractory-retinoblastoma
#11
M Ashwin Reddy, Zishan Naeem, Catriona Duncan, Fergus Robertson, Jane Herod, Adam Rennie, Alki Liasis, Dorothy Ann Thompson, Mandeep Sagoo
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for retinoblastoma has been documented as causing visual loss and ocular motility problems. A lack of safety data has precluded its acceptance in all centres. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with retinoblastoma from 2013 to 2015 who had a healthy foveola and relapsed following systemic chemotherapy. All required IAC. The correlation of complications with doses of melphalan +/- topotecan used and putative catheterisation complications was assessed...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410279/ocular-motor-manifestations-of-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Elodie Nerrant, Caroline Tilikete
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system leading to disability, especially in young patients. Acute or chronic lesions of MS within the brainstem and the cerebellum frequently result in ocular motor disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This review encompasses the spectrum of ocular motor disorders in patients with MS emphasizing prevalence, examination findings, diagnostic features, functional consequences, classification of MS course, and management of these disturbances of ocular motility...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389894/upper-fornix-approach-combined-with-a-superior-lateral-cantholysis-a-minimally-invasive-approach-to-the-superonasal-intraconal-space
#13
Ho-Seok Sa, Ji Won Seo, Sunah Kang
PURPOSE: To present a new minimally invasive approach to the deep superonasal orbit. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed seven consecutive patients who underwent orbital surgery using an upper conjunctival fornix approach combined with a superior lateral cantholysis for tumors in the superonasal intraconal space. Charts were reviewed for demographic, radiological, clinical, and surgical data including surgical outcome and morbidities for each patient. RESULTS: Six benign tumors of the superonasal intraconal orbit were successfully exposed and removed using this approach, and one malignant tumor was biopsied for diagnosis...
April 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375653/an-innovative-method-of-ocular-prosthesis-fabrication-by-bio-cad-and-rapid-3-d-printing-technology-a-pilot-study
#14
Shahid Alam, M Sugavaneswaran, G Arumaikkannu, Bipasha Mukherjee
Ocular prosthesis is either a readymade stock shell or custom made prosthesis (CMP). Presently, there is no other technology available, which is either superior or even comparable to the conventional CMP. The present study was designed to fabricate ocular prosthesis using computer aided design (CAD) and rapid manufacturing (RM) technology and to compare it with custom made prosthesis (CMP). The ocular prosthesis prepared by CAD was compared with conventional CMP in terms of time taken for fabrication, weight, cosmesis, comfort, and motility...
April 4, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367527/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-patients-with-duane-syndrome-type-1
#15
Ahmad Ameri, Farzad Farzbod, Fatemeh Bazvand, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammadreza Akbari, Faramarz Anvari, Simindokht Hosseini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the patients with type 1 Duane syndrome and identify the predictive factors for success. METHODS: Sixteen patients with esotropic type 1 Duane syndrome without history of ocular surgery were selected for this interventional case series. The botulinum toxin was injected in the medial rectus of all patients. Visual acuity, dry refraction, cyclo-refraction, ocular motility, and amount of deviation were measured...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360792/orbital-myositis-evaluating-five-new-cases-regarding-clinical-and-radiological-features
#16
Özlem Önder, Rıfat Reha Bilgin, Aslı Köşkderelioğlu, Muhteşem Gedizlioğlu
Orbital myositis (OM) is an inflammatory disorder of the extraocular muscles. The signs and symptoms of OM are periorbital pain, eyelid swelling and redness, restricted ocular motility, and strabismus. There are at least two major forms, described by Benedikt GH Schoser, a limited oligosymptomatic ocular myositis (LOOM), which is associated with conjunctival injection only, and severe exophthalmic ocular myositis (SEOM), which presents with additional ptosis, chemosis, and proptosis. We report the clinical and radiological features of five patients with OM who were recently followed in our clinic...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350678/ocular-morbidity-in-the-correction-of-orbital-hypertelorism-and-dystopia-a-15-year-experience
#17
Graeme E Glass, Kate A V Hon, Kemmy Schweibert, Richard Bowman, Barry M Jones, David J Dunaway, Jonathan A Britto
BACKGROUND: Complex surgery for appearance change is controversial. Correction of orbital hypertelorism risks diplopia and loss of stereopsis for aesthetic gain. The risk-to-benefit ratio remains ill-defined. The aim of this study was to define specific ocular morbidity following orbital translocation. METHODS: The authors compared stable preoperative and postoperative orthoptic indices (i.e., angle of strabismus, ocular motility, and acuity) for 23 consecutive patients who underwent orbital translocation between 2000 and 2015 and noted the requirement for corrective surgery...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336282/-management-of-upper-eyelid-retraction-associated-with-dysthyroid-orbitopathy-during-the-acute-inflammatory-phase-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a
#18
A Nava Castañeda, J L Tovilla Canales, L Garnica Hayashi, A Velasco Y Levy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of transconjunctival botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in the treatment of upper eyelid retraction in the active inflammatory phase of dysthyroid orbitopathy, establish the ideal dose, and evaluate side effects. METHODS: This is a comparative, prospective study in patients with thyroid orbitopathy, conducted at the Conde Ophthalmology Institute in Valenciana, Mexico. The patients included had dysthyroid orbitopathy in the inflammatory phase, and they were treated with subconjunctival injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in the upper eyelid...
April 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303385/after-effects-of-cerebellar-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-on-reflexive-saccades-and-smooth-pursuit-in-humans
#19
Silvia Colnaghi, P Colagiorgio, S Ramat, E D'Angelo, G Koch, M Versino
The use of cerebellar repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation has been attempted for perturbing reflexive and voluntary eye movements, but discrepancies are seen between the results of distinct studies possibly due to the different stimulation sites, intensities, and paradigms. We describe the after effects of 20 and 40 s continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS) as compared to sham stimulation, applied over the lateral cerebellar vermis and paravermis on Reflexive Saccades (RS) and Smooth Pursuit (SP) eye movements, recorded in the 30 min following stimulation...
March 16, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302533/strabismus-measurements-in-adults-before-and-after-pupil-dilation
#20
Sean S Rivera, Michael S Lee, Scott Lunos, Jill S Anderson, Erick D Bothun
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of dilating drops on strabismus measurements in adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: Patients age 18 and older with strabismus underwent a standard evaluation of ocular motility, stereopsis, and ocular alignment with alternate prism cover test by a certified orthoptist. After pupil dilation with 2.5% phenylephrine and 1% tropicamide, ocular alignment was re-measured in primary gaze at 6 meters, at 1/3 meter and at 1/3 meter with a +3...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
86065
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"