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Duane syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777883/atypical-presentation-of-giant-aneurysm-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-duane-syndrome
#1
Chao-Hung Kuo, Lynn B McGrath, Joseph A Carnevale, Neena I Marupudi, Jeffery G Ojemann, Richard G Ellenbogen, Anthony C Wang
BACKGROUND: Duane syndrome is a congenital eye movement disorder characterized by congenital malformation of the abducens nucleus. Thrombogenic conditions during development may lead to vascular anomalies in Duane syndrome, however, the presence of a giant aneurysm in this patient population is a rarely documented phenomenon. CASE DESCRIPTION: We reported a case of a large cerebral aneurysm in a pediatric patient with Duane syndrome, and performed a review of the literatures to identify other potential cases and associations...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774500/thalamocortical-dysconnectivity-in-premenstrual-syndrome
#2
Peng Liu, Ying Wei, Hai Liao, Yingying Fan, Ru Li, Nana Feng, Gaoxiong Duan, Demao Deng, Wei Qin
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a menstrual cycle-related disorder. Although the precise pathophysiology is not fully understood, it is increasingly believed that the central nervous system plays a vital role in the development of PMS. The aim of this study is to elucidate specific functional connectivity between the thalamus and cerebral cortex. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were obtained from 20 PMS patients and 21 healthy controls (HCs). Seed-based functional connectivity between the thalamus and six cortical regions of interest, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC), posterior parietal cortex, somatosensory cortex, motor cortex/supplementary motor area, temporal and occipital lobe, was adopted to identify specific thalamocortical connectivity in the two groups...
May 17, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761976/-degree-centrality-of-the-functional-network-in-schizophrenia-patients
#3
Mingjun Duan, Yuchao Jiang, Xi Chen, Cheng Luo, Dezhong Yao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the alternations of brain functional networks at resting state in the schizophrenia (SCH) patients using voxel-wise degree centrality (DC) method. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) data were collected from 41 SCH patients and 41 matched healthy control subjects and then analyzed by voxel-wise DC method. The DC maps between the patient group and the control group were compared using by two sample t test. The correlation analysis was also performed between DC values and clinical symptom and illness duration in SCH group...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759420/lysyl-oxidase-like-2-contributes-to-renal-fibrosis-in-col4%C3%AE-3-alport-mice
#4
Dominic Cosgrove, Brianna Dufek, Daniel T Meehan, Duane Delimont, Michael Hartnett, Gina Samuelson, Michael Anne Gratton, Grady Phillips, Deidre A MacKenna, Gretchen Bain
Lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) is an amine oxidase with both intracellular and extracellular functions. Extracellularly, LOXL2 promotes collagen and elastin crosslinking, whereas intracellularly, LOXL2 has been reported to modify histone H3, stabilize SNAIL, and reduce cell polarity. Although LOXL2 promotes liver and lung fibrosis, little is known regarding its role in renal fibrosis. Here we determine whether LOXL2 influences kidney disease in COL4A3 (-/-) Alport mice. These mice were treated with a small molecule inhibitor selective for LOXL2 or with vehicle and assessed for glomerular sclerosis and fibrosis, albuminuria, blood urea nitrogen, lifespan, pro-fibrotic gene expression and ultrastructure of the glomerular basement membrane...
May 11, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757356/developing-a-diagnostic-understanding-of-gerd-phenotypes-through-the-analysis-of-levels-of-mucosal-injury-immune-activation-and-psychological-comorbidity
#5
C Zhong, K Liu, K Wang, H Liu, H Su, J Wu, L Duan
Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can present with typical or atypical symptoms. The aim of this study is to explore the underlying physiological and psychological mechanisms that lead to different symptomatic manifestations of GERD. A total of 238 patients diagnosed with GERD underwent gastroscopy, 24 h multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring, and psychological assessment with questionnaires. Patient symptoms were used to classify GERD into phenotypes of typical reflux syndrome (TRS, n = 87), reflux chest pain syndrome (RCS, n = 98), and extraesophageal syndromes (EES, n = 53)...
May 10, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754967/white-matter-microstructural-alterations-in-clinically-isolated-syndrome-and-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Jing Huang, Yaou Liu, Tengda Zhao, Ni Shu, Yunyun Duan, Zhuoqiong Ren, Zheng Sun, Zheng Liu, Hai Chen, Huiqing Dong, Kuncheng Li
This study aims to determine whether and how diffusion alteration occurs in the earliest stage of multiple sclerosis (MS) and the differences in diffusion metrics between CIS and MS by using the tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) method based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Thirty-six CIS patients (mean age ± SD: 34.0 years ± 12.6), 36 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients (mean age ± SD: 35.0 years ± 9.4) and 36 age- and gender-matched normal controls (NCs) were included in this study...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754634/mortality-in-patients-with-endogenous-cushing-s-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Pedram Javanmard, Daisy Duan, Eliza B Geer
Cushing's syndrome is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular events, sepsis, and thromboembolism are the leading causes of mortality. Patient's with Cushing's due to a pituitary adenoma and those with Cushing's due to benign adrenal adenoma have relatively good survival outcomes often mirroring that of the general population. Persistent or recurrent disease is associated with high mortality risk. Ectopic Cushing's syndrome and Cushing's due to adrenocortical carcinoma confer the highest mortality risk among Cushing's etiologies...
June 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-side-effects-and-cost-of-modafinil-and-intranasal-mometasone-furoate-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#8
Shujia Zhang, Jing Fu, Zhongnin Duan
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by repeated episodes of reduction in airflow due to the collapse of the upper airway during sleep. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcome, side effects, and cost of treatment between modafinil and intranasal mometasone furoate in patients with OSAHS. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with OSAHS (N=250) were divided into two groups: the modafinil group (MG) (N=125) were treated with 100 mg modafinil twice a day; the intranasal mometasone furoate group (IMFG) (N=125) were treated with 100 µg of intranasal mometasone furoate in the evening...
May 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742693/a-successful-treatment-of-severe-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-caused-by-occult-pulmonary-infection-associated-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Weihong Shi, Mingyang Duan, Ligang Jie, Weifeng Sun
RATIONALE: A 27-year-old woman with a history of systemic lupus erythaematosus (SLE) developed hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) secondary due to an unrecognized infection that led to severe SLE with a prolonged recovery. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient showed a high spiking fever and myalgia. Laboratory data revealed pancytopenia and immunological abnormalities. Pulse methylprednisone plus intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) failed to improve the clinical symptoms and laboratory data...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707880/risk-factors-for-adverse-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-preeclampsia-analysis-of-1396-cases
#10
Xun Li, Weishe Zhang, Jianhua Lin, Huai Liu, Zujing Yang, Yincheng Teng, Si Duan, Xinxiu Lin, Yingming Xie, Yuanqiu Li, Liangqun Xie, Qiaozhen Peng, Lu Xia
Preeclampsia is a major cause of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, but how to identify women and fetuses at increased risk for later adverse events is a challenge. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia. Data from 1396 women with preeclampsia were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Eighteen candidate risk factors and 12 adverse outcomes were investigated. The following factors were found to be significantly associated with at least one adverse outcome: maternal age 35 years or older, multiple birth, the usage of assisted reproductive technology, living in a rural area, history of pregnancy-induced hypertension, male fetus, multigravida, or having polycystic ovary syndrome, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid disease, or liver disease...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692717/disrupted-module-efficiency-of-structural-and-functional-brain-connectomes-in-clinically-isolated-syndrome-and-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Yaou Liu, Yunyun Duan, Huiqing Dong, Frederik Barkhof, Kuncheng Li, Ni Shu
Recent studies have demonstrated disrupted topological organization of brain connectome in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, whether the communication efficiency between different functional systems is affected in the early stage of MS remained largely unknown. In this study, we constructed the structural connectivity (SC) and functional connectivity (FC) networks in 41 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), 32 MS patients and 35 healthy controls (HC) based on diffusion and resting-state functional MRI...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675904/risk-factors-for-fetal-death-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-complicated-monochorionic-twin-pregnancies
#12
Luming Sun, Gang Zou, Yingjun Yang, Fenhe Zhou, Duan Tao
OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a management alternative for complicated monochorionic twin pregnancies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate risk factors for fetal death after RFA. METHODS: An observational study was performed to document the perinatal outcomes of all cases undergoing fetal reduction using RFA from 2010 to 2016 at the Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital. A multiple regression model was built to identify predictors of the death of the remaining fetus after RFA...
April 19, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668762/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-china-an-up-dated-cross-sectional-study
#13
Yu Lan, Zanlin Mai, Shiyu Zhou, Yang Liu, Shujue Li, Zhijian Zhao, Xiaolu Duan, Cao Cai, Tuo Deng, Wei Zhu, Wenqi Wu, Guohua Zeng
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an increasing public health concern because of rapid lifestyle changes. Although there have been previous studies on the prevalence of MS in China, the prevalence may have changed with lifestyle changes over the last decade. To update this prevalence, we performed a cross-sectional survey among adults over 18 years old across China from May 2013 to July 2014. Participants underwent questionnaires and provided blood and urine samples for analysis. MS was defined according to the criteria of the China Diabetes Society...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668588/a-delayed-diagnosis-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-with-a-mutant-of-ryr2-at-c-7580t-g-for-6-years-in-a-9-year-old-child
#14
Hongyu Duan, Yongyi Lu, Song Yan, Lina Qiao, Yimin Hua, Yifei Li, Kaiyu Zhou, Chuan Wang
RATIONALE: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a rare but potentially lethal inherited arrhythmia syndrome induced by adrenergic stress. Due to the atypical clinical manifestations in early age, limited recognition and experience of pediatric cardiologists, and low awareness of the significance of genetic diagnosis in some underdeveloped areas in China, a delayed or missed diagnosis of CPVT in children is common and concerning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 9-year and 3-month male child with recurrent exercise-induced syncope accompanied by convulsion was initially misdiagnosed as epilepsy since the first manifestation at the age of 3 years...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665811/recombinant-mouse-periostin-ameliorates-coronal-sutures-fusion-in-twist1-mice
#15
Shanshan Bai, Dong Li, Liang Xu, Huichuan Duan, Jie Yuan, Min Wei
BACKGROUND: Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder caused by mutations in the twist family basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1 (TWIST1) gene. Surgical procedures are frequently required to reduce morphological and functional defects in patients with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. Therefore, the development of noninvasive procedures to treat Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is critical. We identified that periostin, which is an extracellular matrix protein that plays an important role in both bone and connective tissues, is downregulated in craniosynostosis patients...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658924/an-efficient-and-simple-method-to-establish-nk-and-t-cell-lines-from-patients-with-chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#16
Chongfeng Xu, Junhong Ai, Qingxun Zhang, Ting Li, Xiaorong Wu, Zhengde Xie, Ziyuan Duan
A number of methods have been described to establish NK/T cell lines from patients with lymphoma or lymphoproliferative syndrome. These methods employed feeder cells, purified NK or T cells with as much as 10 mL of blood, or a high-dose of IL-2. This study presents a new method with a powerful and simple strategy to establish NK and T cell lines by culturing the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with the addition of recombinant human IL-2 (rhIL-2), and uses as little as 2 mL of whole blood. The cells can proliferate quickly in two weeks and be maintained for more than 3 months...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656266/cortical-and-subcortical-changes-in-patients-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#17
Peng Liu, Ying Wei, Yingying Fan, Hai Liao, Geliang Wang, Ru Li, Gaoxiong Duan, Demao Deng, Wei Qin
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a series of emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms. Although PMS is related to dysfunctions of the central nervous system, the neuropathological mechanism of PMS still has not been clearly established. The aim of this study is to evaluate potential differences in both cortical thickness and subcortical volumes in PMS patients compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: Twenty PMS patients and twenty HCs underwent a structural magnetic resonance imaging scan and clinical assessment...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652034/prevalence-of-sleep-disorder-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Ben Wang, Ruqiao Duan, Liping Duan
Background/Aims: We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disorder in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and study the association between IBS and sleep disorder. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was conducted by searching PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases using the following search terms: "functional gastrointestinal disorders," "Sleep disturbance," "Sleep disorder," "insomnia," "Dysomnias," "irritable bowel syndrome," and "IBS...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643789/alternating-hypotropia-with-pseudoptosis-a-new-phenotype-of-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorder
#19
Fady Sedarous, Toby Y B Chan, Inas Makar
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders, also known as CCDDs, are characterized by aberrant innervation to extraocular and facial muscles resulting in unusual forms of incomitant strabismus. Anomalous innervation to extraocular muscles can result in a wide variety of phenotypes causing various clinical conditions such as Duane syndrome, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles, and Möbius syndrome. We report a case of bilateral dysinnervation disorder causing atypical ocular movements in both eyes as the patient changes fixation from one eye to the other and from right gaze to left gaze that fits with the wider diagnosis of CCDDs...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643637/neostigmine-induced-coronary-spasm-beware-of-kounis-syndrome
#20
Xiaofei Yang, Xiaozhi Feng, Feiru Duan, Zhiyong Wang, Monish S Raut, Baryon Swain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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