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Regional interdependence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748805/the-linkage-of-co-2-emissions-for-china-eu-and-usa-evidence-from-the-regional-and-sectoral-analyses
#1
Yue-Jun Zhang, Kai-Bin Zhang
As economic integration in the world continues to advance, energy consumption and carbon emissions in various regions have also become increasingly interdependent. In order to better understand the regional interaction of carbon emissions, this paper employs a three-region input-output approach to explore the linkage of CO2 emissions among China, EU, and USA. Based on the world input-output table and environment account of World Input-Output Database (WIOD) in 2009, we calculate the carbon emission multiplier effect, spillover effect, and feedback effect and carry out the analysis from the regional and sectoral levels...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706451/in-search-of-decoding-the-syntax-of-the-bioelements-in-human-hair-a-critical-overview
#2
Berislav Momčilović, Juraj Prejac, Anatoly Viktorovich Skalny, Ninoslav Mimica
The principles and practice of assessing the human body nutritional status or its environmental exposure through hair bioelement analysis are presented; herein the term "bioelements" is used as a common denominator for the major elements, trace elements and ultra-trace elements that are found in the human body. The accumulation of bioelements in the hair followed the statistical Power Law and the resulting sigmoid curve can be zoned into five regions in the ascending order of abundance (Low, Marginal, Adequate, High, and Excessive)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704488/bribery-games-on-interdependent-complex-networks
#3
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
Bribe demands present a social conflict scenario where decisions have wide-ranging economic and ethical consequences. Nevertheless, such incidents occur daily in many countries across the globe. Harassment bribery constitute a significant sub-set of such bribery incidents where a government official demands a bribe for providing a service to a citizen legally entitled to it. We employ an evolutionary game-theoretic framework to analyse the evolution of corrupt and honest strategies in structured populations characterized by an interdependent complex network...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702966/the-growth-of-neurosurgery-in-east-africa-challenges
#4
Maria M Santos, Mubashir M Qureshi, Karol P Budohoski, Halinder S Mangat, Japhet G Ngerageza, Karsten Schöller, Hamisi K Shabani, Micaella R Zubkov, Roger Härtl
As the second of 3 articles in this series, the aim of this article is to provide readers with an understanding of the development of neurosurgery in East Africa (foundations), the challenges that arise in providing neurosurgical care in developing countries (challenges), and an overview of traditional and novel approaches to overcoming these challenges and improving health care in the region (innovations). Recognizing the challenges that need to be addressed is the first step to implementing efficient and qualified surgery delivery systems in low- and middle-income countries...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696650/patterns-of-symbiodinium-dinophyceae-diversity-and-assemblages-among-diverse-hosts-and-the-coral-reef-environment-of-lizard-island-australia
#5
Maren Ziegler, Elizabeth Stone, Daniel Colman, Cristina Takacs-Vesbach, Ursula Shepherd
Large-scale environmental disturbances may impact both partners in coral host-Symbiodinium systems. Elucidation of the assembly patterns in such complex and interdependent communities may enable better prediction of environmental impacts across coral reef ecosystems. In this study, we investigated how the community composition and diversity of dinoflagellate symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium were distributed among 12 host species from six taxonomic orders (Actinaria, Alcyonacea, Miliolida, Porifera, Rhizostoma, Scleractinia) and in the reef water and sediments at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef before the 3rd Global Coral Bleaching Event...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691483/a-traditional-evolutionary-history-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-viruses-in-southeast-asia-challenged-by-analyses-of-non-structural-protein-coding-sequences
#6
Barbara Brito, Steven J Pauszek, Ethan J Hartwig, George R Smoliga, Le T Vu, Pham V Dong, Carolina Stenfeldt, Luis L Rodriguez, Donald P King, Nick J Knowles, Katarzyna Bachanek-Bankowska, Ngo T Long, Do H Dung, Jonathan Arzt
Recombination of rapidly evolving RNA-viruses provides an important mechanism for diversification, spread, and emergence of new variants with enhanced fitness. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes an important transboundary disease of livestock that is endemic to most countries in Asia and Africa. Maintenance and spread of FMDV are driven by periods of dominance of specific viral lineages. Current understanding of the molecular epidemiology of FMDV lineages is generally based on the phylogenetic relationship of the capsid-encoding genes, with less attention to the process of recombination and evolution of non-structural proteins...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686485/a-pragmatic-regional-interdependence-approach-to-primary-frozen-shoulder-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
Christopher Kevin Wong, Bryanna L Strang, Galen A Schram, Elizabeth A Mercer, Rebecca S Kesting, Kabi S Deo
Objectives: Although the shoulder is known to move together with the scapula and other upper quarter joints, the current frozen shoulder clinical practice guidelines describe only physical therapy study treatments directed to the shoulder. None received a strong recommendation, highlighting the need for alternate interventions. This retrospective case series describes a pragmatic regional interdependence approach to frozen shoulder with impairment and functional outcomes, noting whether final ROM approached normal...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624140/population-health-management-guiding-principles-to-stimulate-collaboration-and-improve-pharmaceutical-care
#8
Betty Steenkamer, Caroline Baan, Kim Putters, Hans van Oers, Hanneke Drewes
Purpose A range of strategies to improve pharmaceutical care has been implemented by population health management (PHM) initiatives. However, which strategies generate the desired outcomes is largely unknown. The purpose of this paper is to identify guiding principles underlying collaborative strategies to improve pharmaceutical care and the contextual factors and mechanisms through which these principles operate. Design/methodology/approach The evaluation was informed by a realist methodology examining the links between PHM strategies, their outcomes and the contexts and mechanisms by which these strategies operate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604059/transition-probabilities-help-identify-putative-drivers-of-community-change-in-complex-systems
#9
Scott L Morello, Ron J Etter
Understanding the role of larger-scale processes in modulating the assembly, structure, and dynamics of communities is critical for forecasting the effects of climate-change and managing ecosystems. Developing this comprehensive perspective is difficult though, because species interactions are complex, interdependent, and dynamic through space and time. Typically, experiments focus on tractable subsets of interactions that will be most critical to investigate and explain shifts in communities, but qualitatively base these choices on experience, natural history, and theory...
March 31, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575974/minority-healthcare-providers-experience-challenges-trust-and-interdependency-in-a-multicultural-team
#10
Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: The nursing community in the Nordic countries has become multicultural because of migration from European, Asian and African countries. In Norway, minority health care providers are recruited in to nursing homes which have become multicultural workplaces. They overcome challenges such as language and strangeness but as a group they are vulnerable and exposed to many challenges. PURPOSE: The aim is to explore minority healthcare providers, trained nurses and nurses' assistants, and their experiences of challenges when working in a multicultural team in a Norwegian context...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535614/large-scale-brain-networks-supporting-divided-attention-across-spatial-locations-and-sensory-modalities
#11
Valerio Santangelo
Higher-order cognitive processes were shown to rely on the interplay between large-scale neural networks. However, brain networks involved with the capability to split attentional resource over multiple spatial locations and multiple stimuli or sensory modalities have been largely unexplored to date. Here I re-analyzed data from Santangelo et al. (2010) to explore the causal interactions between large-scale brain networks during divided attention. During fMRI scanning, participants monitored streams of visual and/or auditory stimuli in one or two spatial locations for detection of occasional targets...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515852/evidence-for-parallel-activation-of-the-pre-supplementary-motor-area-and-inferior-frontal-cortex-during-response-inhibition-a-combined-meg-and-tms-study
#12
Christopher Allen, Krish D Singh, Frederick Verbruggen, Christopher D Chambers
This pre-registered experiment sought to uncover the temporal relationship between the inferior frontal cortex (IFC) and the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) during stopping of an ongoing action. Both regions have previously been highlighted as being central to cognitive control of actions, particularly response inhibition. Here we tested which area is activated first during the stopping process using magnetoencephalography, before assessing the relative chronometry of each region using functionally localized transcranial magnetic stimulation...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505618/a-protein-coevolution-method-uncovers-critical-features-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus-fusion-mechanism
#13
Florian Douam, Floriane Fusil, Margot Enguehard, Linda Dib, Francesca Nadalin, Loïc Schwaller, Gabriela Hrebikova, Jimmy Mancip, Laurent Mailly, Roland Montserret, Qiang Ding, Carine Maisse, Emilie Carlot, Ke Xu, Els Verhoeyen, Thomas F Baumert, Alexander Ploss, Alessandra Carbone, François-Loïc Cosset, Dimitri Lavillette
Amino-acid coevolution can be referred to mutational compensatory patterns preserving the function of a protein. Viral envelope glycoproteins, which mediate entry of enveloped viruses into their host cells, are shaped by coevolution signals that confer to viruses the plasticity to evade neutralizing antibodies without altering viral entry mechanisms. The functions and structures of the two envelope glycoproteins of the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), E1 and E2, are poorly described. Especially, how these two proteins mediate the HCV fusion process between the viral and the cell membrane remains elusive...
March 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500208/foundation-year-2-doctors-reasons-for-leaving-uk-medicine-an-in-depth-analysis-of-decision-making-using-semistructured-interviews
#14
Samantha E Smith, Victoria R Tallentire, Lindsey M Pope, Anita H Laidlaw, Jill Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To explore the reasons that doctors choose to leave UK medicine after their foundation year two posts. SETTING: All four regions of Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Foundation year two doctors (F2s) working throughout Scotland who were considering leaving UK medicine after foundation training were recruited on a volunteer basis. Maximum variation between participants was sought. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Semistructured interviews were coded using template analysis...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496777/loci-that-control-nonlinear-interdependent-responses-to-combinations-of-drought-and-nitrogen-limitation
#15
Megan M Chang, Danielle Allery Nail, Toni Kazic, Susan J Simmons, Ann E Stapleton
Crop improvement must accelerate to feed an increasing human population in the face of environmental changes. Including anticipated climatic changes with genetic architecture in breeding programs could better optimize improvement strategies. Combinations of drought and nitrogen limitation already occur world-wide. We therefore analyzed the genetic architecture underlying the response of Zea mays to combinations of water and nitrogen stresses. Recombinant inbreds were subjected to nine combinations of the two stresses using an optimized response surface design, and their growth was measured...
May 4, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490666/differential-effect-of-angiotensin-ii-and-blood-pressure-on-hippocampal-inflammation-in-mice
#16
M Florencia Iulita, Diane Vallerand, Mélissa Beauvillier, Nathalie Haupert, Corinne A Ulysse, Audrey Gagné, Nathalie Vernoux, Sonia Duchemin, Michaël Boily, Marie-Ève Tremblay, Hélène Girouard
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II (Ang II), a peptide hormone involved in the development of hypertension, causes systemic and cerebral inflammation, affecting brain regions important for blood pressure control. The cause-and-effect relationship between hypertension and inflammation is two-way, but the role of blood pressure in the induction of cerebral inflammation is less clear. The vulnerability of specific brain regions, particularly those important for memory, is also of interest. METHODS: We used molecular biology approaches, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy to examine the interdependence between the hypertensive and pro-inflammatory effects of Ang II...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484249/the-utilization-of-mulligan-concept-thoracic-sustained-natural-apophyseal-glides-on-patients-classified-with-secondary-impingement-syndrome-a-multi-site-case-series
#17
Dawn P Andrews, Kari B Odland-Wolf, James May, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany
Background and Purpose: Secondary impingement syndrome (SIS) is a common complaint in the sporting population particularly among athletes engaging in overhead activities. While symptoms may be present at the shoulder with patients complaining of SIS, spinal alignment or dysfunction can influence scapular positioning and overall shoulder girdle function. As an adjunct therapy to traditional interventions for SIS, thoracic high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrusts have been utilized and correlated with patient reported decreases in pain...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481945/interdependence-of-particle-properties-and-bulk-powder-behavior-of-indomethacin-in-quench-cooled-molten-two-phase-solid-dispersions
#18
Kristian Semjonov, Maia Salm, Tiina Lipiäinen, Karin Kogermann, Andres Lust, Ivo Laidmäe, Osmo Antikainen, Clare J Strachan, Henrik Ehlers, Jouko Yliruusi, Jyrki Heinämäki
Solid dispersions (SDs) hold a proven potential in formulating poorly water-soluble drugs. The present paper investigates the interfacial phenomena associated with the bulk powder flow, water sorption, wetting and dissolution of the SDs prepared by a modified melt and quench-cooling (QC) method. Poorly water-soluble indomethacin (IND) was QC molten with solubilizing graft copolymer (Soluplus®) or polyol sugar alcohol (xylitol, XYL). The interfacial interactions of SDs with air/water were found to be reliant on the type (amorphous/crystalline) and amount of the carrier material used...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467742/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-coevolving-symbiont-harboring-insect-trypanosomatids-and-their-neotropical-dispersal-by-invader-african-blowflies-calliphoridae
#19
Tarcilla C Borghesan, Marta Campaner, Tania E Matsumoto, Omar A Espinosa, Victor Razafindranaivo, Fernando Paiva, Julio C Carranza, Nestor Añez, Luis Neves, Marta M G Teixeira, Erney P Camargo
This study is about the inter- and intra-specific genetic diversity of trypanosomatids of the genus Angomonas , and their association with Calliphoridae (blowflies) in Neotropical and Afrotropical regions. Microscopic examination of 3,900 flies of various families, mostly Calliphoridae, revealed that 31% of them harbored trypanosomatids. Small subunit rRNA (SSU rRNA) barcoding showed that Angomonas predominated (46%) over the other common trypanosomatids of blowflies of genera Herpetomonas and Wallacemonas ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444827/site-specific-polyubiquitination-differentially-regulates-parathyroid-hormone-receptor-initiated-mapk-signaling-and-cell-proliferation
#20
Qiangmin Zhang, Kunhong Xiao, Hongda Liu, Lei Song, Jennifer C McGarvey, W Bruce Sneddon, Alessandro Bisello, Peter A Friedman
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling and trafficking are essential for cellular function and regulated by phosphorylation, β-arrestin, and ubiquitination. The GPCR parathyroid hormone receptor (PTHR) exhibits time-dependent reversible ubiquitination. The exact ubiquitination sites in PTHR are unknown, but they extend upstream of its intracellular tail. Here, using tandem MS, we identified Lys388 in the third loop and Lys484 in the C-terminal tail as primary ubiquitination sites in PTHR. We found that PTHR ubiquitination requires β-arrestin and does not display a preference for β-arrestin1 or -2...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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