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Jian-Feng Wu, Jie Ji, Shu-Ying Dong, Bei-Bei Li, Mei-Ling Yu, Dan-Dan Wu, Liang Tao, Xu-Hui Tong
Chemotherapeutic drug-induced apoptosis is enhanced by gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) in a variety of tumor cells. Oxaliplatin and gefitinib are the most widely used chemotherapeutic drugs. However, the synergistic influence remains unknown in testicular cancer chemotherapy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the apoptosis induced by oxaliplatin combined with gefitinib and the potential mechanisms in I-10 testicular cancer cells. The results showed that gefitinib significantly enhanced oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis...
October 11, 2016: Oncology Reports
Estelle R Simo-Cheyou, George Vardatsikos, Ashok K Srivastava
We have previously demonstrated that the non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase (NR-PTK) c-Src is an upstream regulator of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and angiotensin II-induced activation of protein kinase B (PKB) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We have also demonstrated that ET-1 potently induces the expression of the early growth response protein-1 (Egr-1), a zinc finger transcription factor that is overexpressed in models of vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. However, the involvement of c-Src in ET-1‑induced Egr-1 expression has not yet been investigated and its role in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling remains controversial...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Mohammad Shahidullah, Amritlal Mandala, Nicholas A Delamere
Insulin has been shown to elicit changes of Na,K-ATPase activity in various tissues. Na,K-ATPase in the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (NPE) plays a role in aqueous humor secretion and changes of Na,K-ATPase activity impact the driving force. Because we detect a change of NPE Na,K-ATPase activity in response to insulin, studies were carried out to examine the response mechanism. Ouabain-sensitive rubidium (Rb) uptake by cultured NPE cells, measured as a functional index of Na,K-ATPase-mediated inward potassium transport, was found to increase in cells exposed for 5 min to insulin...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Tiantian Luo, Jing Hu, Dan Xi, Haowei Xiong, Wenshuai He, Jichen Liu, Menghao Li, Hao Lu, Jinzhen Zhao, Wenyan Lai, Zhigang Guo
Previously, we reported that heat shock protein (HSP)65 impairs the effects of high-density lipoprotein on macrophages. We also showed that immune response activation adversely affects reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). In this study, we investigated the effects of the Src family kinase lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) and elucidated the mechanism underlying HSP65-regulated cholesterol efflux in T cells. We evaluated cell proliferation, Lck expression, and inflammatory cytokine production in Jurkat cells and CD4(+) T cells...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Hui Zhao, Wei Wang, Jie Zhang, Tuo Liang, Guang-Pu Fan, Zhi-Wei Wang, Pei-De Zhang, Xu Wang, Jing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) is a pleiotropic cytokine, which has been shown to a close relationship with cardiac fibrosis. Overexpression of OPN in cardiomyocytes induces dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This research is to study whether inhibition of OPN could reduce myocardial remodelling in DCM, and if this process is focal adhesion kinase (FAK) dependent, which is recently found an important signal molecule in fibrosis. METHOD: Eight-week-old cTnTR(141W) transgenic mouse of DCM were injected with OPN-shRNA in left ventricular free wall, which could inhibit the OPN expression...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Laura Pedraza-González, Jonathan Romero, Jorge Alí-Torres, Andrés Reyes
We assess the performance of the recently developed any-particle molecular-orbital second-order proton propagator (APMO/PP2) scheme [M. Díaz-Tinoco, J. Romero, J. V. Ortiz, A. Reyes and R. Flores-Moreno, J. Chem. Phys., 2013, 138, 194108] on the calculation of gas phase proton affinities (PAs) of a set of 150 organic molecules comprising several functional groups: amines, alcohols, aldehydes, amides, ketones, esters, ethers, carboxylic acids and carboxylate anions. APMO/PP2 PAs display an overall mean absolute error of 0...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mohammad Abu Yousuf, Ji Sun Lee, Xiaohong Zhou, Mirja Ramke, Jeong Yoon Lee, James Chodosh, Jaya Rajaiya
Activation of protein kinase C (PKC), a serine/threonine protein kinase, ubiquitously influences cellular signal transduction, and has been shown to play a role in viral entry. In this study, we explored a role for PKC in human adenovirus type 37 infection of primary human corneal fibroblasts, a major target cell for infection. We sought evidence for an interaction between PKC activation and two potential downstream targets: cSrc kinase, shown previously to play a critical role in adenovirus signaling in these cells, and caveolin-1, reported earlier to be important to entry of adenovirus type 37...
October 4, 2016: Biochemistry
Gen Kano, Bruce S Bochner, Nives Zimmermann
RATIONALE: Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. METHODS: Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors...
September 20, 2016: Immunobiology
Tobias Bartscht, Benjamin Rosien, Dirk Rades, Roland Kaufmann, Harald Biersack, Hendrik Lehnert, Hendrik Ungefroren
BACKGROUND: Earlier results from our group have shown that in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)-derived cells transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-dependent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell motility was inhibited by the Src inhibitors PP2 and PP1 both of which targeted the TGF-β receptors for inhibition. OBJECTIVE: In this study we evaluated the impact of another Src inhibitor, AZM475271, on various TGF-β responses in PDAC cells. METHOD: The effect of AZM475271 on TGF-β1-induced random cell migration (chemokinesis), the expression of EMT and migration/invasion-associated genes, TGF-β-induced luciferase activity, and C-terminal phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 was measured in the PDAC-derived Panc-1 and Colo357 cell lines using real-time cell migration assays, quantitative real-time PCR, luciferase reporter gene assays and phosphoimmunoblotting, respectively...
September 26, 2016: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Yiming Wang, Christian Gratzke, Alexander Tamalunas, Beata Rutz, Anna Ciotkowska, Frank Strittmatter, Annika Herlemann, Sophie Janich, Raphaela Waidelich, Chunxiao Liu, Christian G Stief, Martin Hennenberg
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In benign prostatic hyperplasia, increased prostate smooth muscle tone and prostate volume may contribute alone or together to urethral obstruction and voiding symptoms. Consequently, connections between smooth muscle tone and growth in the prostate have been assumed, but any molecular basis for such a link is poorly understood. Here, we examined effects of Src family kinase (SFKs) inhibitors on prostate smooth muscle contraction, and growth of stromal cells. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Different SFK inhibitors (AZM475271, PP2) were applied to human prostate tissues to assess effects on smooth muscle contraction, and to cultured stromal cells (WPMY-1) and c-Src-deficient cells, to examine effects on proliferation, actin organization, and viability...
September 17, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Da Zhi Liu, Ben Waldau, Bradley P Ander, Xinhua Zhan, Boryana Stamova, Glen C Jickling, Bruce G Lyeth, Frank R Sharp
Intraventricular hemorrhage causes spatial memory loss, but the mechanism remains unknown. Our recent studies demonstrated that traumatic brain injury activates Src family kinases, which cause spatial memory loss. To test whether the spatial memory loss was due to blood in the ventricles, which activated Src family kinases, we infused autologous whole blood or thrombin into the lateral ventricles of adult rats to model non-traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage. Hippocampal neuron loss was examined 1 day to 5 weeks later...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Arturo Ponce, Isabel Larre, Aida Castillo, Catalina Flores-Maldonado, Odette Verdejo-Torres, Ruben Gerardo Contreras, Marcelino Cereijido
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The fact that ouabain has been identified as an endogenous substance, led us to inquire its physiological role in epithelial cells. Based on previous observations, we hypothesized that it influences processes related to cell contacts. Previously we have shown that nanomolar concentrations of ouabain up-regulate tight junctions, accelerate ciliogenesis, and increase gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Given that silencing assays indicated that connexin 43 (Cnx43) is involved in the GJIC response, in the present work we study whether ouabain affects Cnx43 expression and distribution...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Shaun Pacheco, Takashi Kanou, Shan-Yu Fung, Kenny Chen, Daiyoon Lee, Xiaohui Bai, Shaf Keshavjee, Mingyao Liu
Clinical application of hydrophobic therapeutics is restricted by lack of an efficient vehicle which permits their solubility in aqueous environments. We have previously developed a novel formulation strategy to deliver a hydrophobic Src inhibitor, PP2, involving combinations of one self-assembling peptide (SAP) and one of 4 selected amino acids (AAs). The present study aims to develop a generalized drug delivery platform for intravenous application of hydrophobic drugs by combining self-assembling peptide, amino acid and low concentration of co-solvent...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Dan Shang, Tao Peng, Shanmiao Gou, Yiqing Li, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang, Zhiyong Yang
High-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), an inflammatory mediator, has been reported to destroy cell-cell junctions, resulting in vascular endothelial hyperpermeability. Here, we report that HMGB1 increases the endothelial transcytosis of albumin. In mouse lung vascular endothelial cells (MLVECs), HMGB1 at a concentration of 500 ng/ml or less did not harm cell-cell junctions but rapidly induced endothelial hyperpermeability to (125)I-albumin. HMGB1 induced an increase in (125)I-albumin and AlexaFluor 488-labeled albumin internalization in endocytosis assays...
2016: Scientific Reports
Javier Dubert, Jesús L Romalde, Edward J Spinard, David R Nelson, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, Juan L Barja
Orientalis clade has a relevant significance for bivalve aquaculture since it includes the pathogens V. bivalvicida, V. tubiashii subsp. tubiashii and V. tubiashii subsp. europaeus. However, the previous taxonomic description of the subspecies of V. tubiashii shows some incongruities that should be emended. In the genomic age, the comparison between genome assemblies is the key to clarify the taxonomic position of both subspecies. With this purpose, we have tested the ability of MLSA based on eight housekeeping gene sequences (gapA, gyrB, ftsZ, mreB, pyrH, recA, rpoA and topA), different in silico genome to genome comparisons, chemotaxonomic features and phenotypic traits to reclassify the subspecies Vibrio tubiashii subsp...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Svea Hinrichsen, Andrei Kindjajev, Sven Adomeit, Jan Krahmer, Christian Näther, Felix Tuczek
The syntheses of two pentadentate tetrapodal phosphine (pentaPod(P)) ligands, P2(Ph)PP2(Ph) and P2(Me)PP2(Ph), are reported, which derive from the fusion of a tripod and a trident ligand. Reaction of the ligand P2(Ph)PP2(Ph) with [MoCl3(THF)3] followed by an amalgam reduction under N2 does not lead to well-defined products. The same reactions performed with the ligand P2(Me)PP2(Ph) afford the mononuclear molybdenum dinitrogen complex [MoN2(P2(Me)PP2(Ph))]. Because of the unprecedented topology of the pentaphosphine ligand, the Mo-P bond to the phosphine in the trans position to N2 is significantly shortened, explaining the very strong activation of the dinitrogen ligand (ν̃NN = 1929 cm(-1))...
September 6, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
R Manek, E Pakzamir, P Mhawech-Fauceglia, T Pejovic, H Sowter, S A Gayther, K Lawrenson
The SRC proto-oncogene is commonly overexpressed or activated during cancer development. Src family kinase inhibitors are approved for the treatment of certain leukemias, and are in clinical trials for the treatment of solid tumors. Src signaling is activated in endometriosis, a precursor of clear cell and endometrioid subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancers (OCs). We examined the expression of phosphorylated Src (Src-pY416) in 381 primary OC tissues. Thirty-six percent of OCs expressed Src-pY416. Src-pY416 expression was most common in endometriosis-associated OCs (EAOCs) (P=0...
2016: Oncogenesis
Tao Zhao, Hongwei Zhao, Gang Li, Shengfa Zheng, Mengjie Liu, Changping Gu, Yuelan Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is commonly associated with respiratory barrier dysfunction; however, the mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine the order and components of the signalling pathway that mediates the degradation of adherin junction of p120-catenin in VILI. METHODS: For the in vivo study, C57BL/6 mice were pre-treated with inhibitors for 60 min prior to 4 h of mechanical ventilation...
November 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Na Rae Lee, Beom Seok Park, Seong Yeol Kim, Ayoung Gu, Da Hye Kim, Ji-Sook Lee, In Sik Kim
Dysregulation of neutrophil apoptosis causes pathogenesis and aggravation of allergy. S100A9 exists as one of the proteins in the neutrophils, triggering inflammatory responses by activating the immune cells. In this study, we investigated whether S100A9 affects constitutive neutrophil apoptosis by activating the monocytes in normal and allergic subjects. Supernatant from human monocytic THP-1 cells after treatment with S100A9 suppressed normal neutrophil apoptosis by inhibiting the activations of caspase 9 and caspase 3...
October 2016: Cytokine
Akitoshi Inoue, Hitoshi Uchida, Takanobu Nakazawa, Tadashi Yamamoto, Seiji Ito
Itch and pain are intimately related and may share similar peripheral and central mechanisms and pathways. However, it has been believed that synaptic glutamate release from a group of peripheral nociceptors is required to sense pain and suppress itch. Although we previously demonstrated that phosphorylation of GluN2B subunits of the NMDA receptor at Tyr1472 is important for central sensitization in a neuropathic pain model of mice with a knock-in mutation of the Tyr1472 site to phenylalanine of GluN2B (Y1472F-KI), the role of NMDA receptors in itch transmission remains unknown...
July 16, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
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