keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PP2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141923/src-family-kinase-inhibitors-blunt-the-pacap-induced-pac1-receptor-endocytosis-phosphorylation-of-erk-and-increase-in-cardiac-neuron-excitability
#1
John D Tompkins, Todd A Clason, Thomas R Buttolph, Beatrice M Girard, Anne K Linden, Jean C Hardwick, Laura A Merriam, Victor May, Rodney L Parsons
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP, Adcyap1) activation of PAC1 receptors (Adcyap1r1) significantly increases excitability of guinea pig cardiac neurons. This modulation of excitability is mediated in part by plasma membrane G protein-dependent activation of adenylyl cyclase and downstream signaling cascades. However, additional mechanisms responsible for the enhanced excitability are activated following internalization of the PAC1 receptor and endosomal signaling. Src family kinases play critical roles mediating endocytosis of many trophic factor and G-protein coupled receptors...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130514/involvement-of-src-signaling-in-the-synergistic-effect-between-cisplatin-and-digoxin-on-cancer-cell-viability
#2
Duane Gischewski Pereira, Mariana Alves Resende Salgado, Sayonarah Carvalho Rocha, Hérica L Santos, José Augusto Fp Villar, Ruben G Contreras, Carlos Frederico Leite Fontes, Leandro Augusto Barbosa, Vanessa Faria Cortes
Cisplatin and other platinum-containing drugs have played a crucial role in anticancer treatments for over 30 years. However, treatment with cisplatin may cause serious side effects, such as myelosuppression, nausea, ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity and cell resistance processes. In addition, cardiotonic steroids, particularly digoxin, have recently been suggested to exert potent anticancer effects. Therefore, it is possible that the combined treatment of HeLa cells with cisplatin and digoxin can ameliorate the cytotoxic effects and decrease the side effects of cisplatin...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126937/coccinia-indica-agglutinin-a-17kda-pp2-like-phloem-lectin-affinity-purification-primary-structure-and-formation-of-self-assembled-filaments
#3
Kishore Babu Bobbili, Gottfried Pohlentz, Akkaladevi Narahari, Kaushal Sharma, A Surolia, Michael Mormann, Musti J Swamy
Phloem protein-2 (PP2) is an abundant soluble protein in the sieve elements in plants. Its lectin property was reported in various species. The primary structure of PP2 from Coccinia indica (Coccinia indica agglutinin, CIA17), determined by mass spectrometry, shows extensive homology with PP2 super family phloem lectins. Analysis of mass spectrometric data indicated the presence of 16 potential allelic variants of CIA17 with insignificant divergence in the primary structure. The primary structure contains an intramolecular disulfide bridge between Cys-34 and Cys-51, which is conserved across various cucurbit species and hence likely to be important for carbohydrate binding...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124352/brain-waves-from-an-isolated-cortex-contribution-of-the-anterior-insula-to-cognitive-functions
#4
Rinaldo Livio Perri, Marika Berchicci, Valentina Bianco, Donatella Spinelli, Francesco Di Russo
Using two independent electrical neuroimaging techniques (BESA and sLORETA), we tested a fMRI-seeded source modeling indicating that in visual discriminative tasks the anterior insula (aIns) participates in the generation of three prefrontal ERP components: the pN1 (at 115 ms), the pP1 (at 170 ms), and the pP2 (at 300 ms). This latter component represented the focus of the present study. Results showed that the pP2 had different activation profiles across hemispheres. The left aIns activity peaked at 420 ms (30 ms before the response) for both Go and No-go trials, that is independently from the ultimate choice (response or inhibition)...
November 9, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097117/dasatinib-synergizes-with-atra-to-trigger-granulocytic-differentiation-in-atra-resistant-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cell-lines-via-lyn-inhibition-mediated-activation-of-raf-1-mek-erk
#5
Ming Ding, Xiang-Qin Weng, Yan Sheng, Jing Wu, Cui Liang, Xun Cai
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) resistance has been a critical problem in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) relapsed patients. In this study, dasatinib synergized with ATRA to trigger differentiation in ATRA-resistant APL cell lines. The combined treatment activated RAF-1, MEK and ERK as well as enhanced ATRA-promoted up-regulation of the protein level of PU.1, C/EBPβ and C/EBPε. U0126 (MEK specific inhibitor) and sorafenib tosylate (RAF-1 specific inhibitor) suppressed the combined treatment-induced differentiation, ERK phosphorylation and the up-regulation of C/EBPs and PU...
October 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071730/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-enhances-rho-kinase-activity-and-contraction-in-airway-smooth-muscle-via-the-nucleotide-exchange-factor-arhgef1
#6
Yasin Shaifta, Charles E MacKay, Nneka Irechukwu, Katie A O'Brien, David B Wright, Jeremy P T Ward, Greg A Knock
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), RhoA/Rho-kinase and Src-family kinases (SrcFK) have independently been implicated in airway hyper-responsiveness, but how they interact in order to regulate airway smooth muscle contractility is not fully understood. We found that TGF-β pre-treatment enhanced acute contractile responses to bradykinin (BK) in isolated rat bronchioles, and inhibitors of RhoGEFs (Y16) and Rho-kinase (Y27632), but not the SrcFK inhibitor PP2 prevented this enhancement. In cultured human airway smooth muscle cells (hASMC), TGF-β pre-treatment enhanced the protein expression of the Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor ARHGEF1, MLC20 , MYPT-1 and the actin-severing protein cofilin, but not of RhoA, ROCK2 or c-Src...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052277/src-promotes-egf-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-migration-in-gastric-cancer-cells-by-upregulating-zeb1-and-zeb2-through-akt
#7
Lei Zhao, Xin Li, Na Song, Aodi Li, Kezuo Hou, Xiujuan Qu, Xiaofang Che, Yunpeng Liu
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays important roles in the migration, invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. However, the role of Src in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced EMT and migration in gastric cancer cells remains to be clarified. In the current study, the effect of Src on EGF-stimulated EMT and migration was explored in gastric cancer cells. EGF induced EMT in gastric cancer cells and increased their migratory ability, which was accompanied by the phosphorylation of Src. PP2, the Src inhibitor, markedly suppressed EGF-mediated EMT and migration in gastric cancer cells...
October 20, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024930/effect-of-concurrent-src-kinase-inhibition-with-short-duration-hypothermia-on-ca2-calmodulin-kinase-iv-activity-and-neuropathology-after-hypoxia-ischemia-in-the-newborn-swine-brain
#8
Panagiotis Kratimenos, Ioannis Koutroulis, Amit Jain, Shadi Malaeb, Maria Delivoria-Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) results in increased activation of Ca2+/calmodulin kinase IV (CaM kinase IV) mediated by Src kinase. Therapeutic hypothermia ameliorates neuronal injury in the newborn. HYPOTHESIS: Inhibition of Src kinase concurrently with hypothermia further attenuates the hypoxia-induced increased activation of CaM kinase IV compared with hypothermia alone. DESIGN/METHODS: Ventilated piglets were exposed to HI, received saline or a selective Src kinase inhibitor (PP2), and were cooled to 33°C...
October 13, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994806/solubility-of-hydrophobic-compounds-in-aqueous-solution-using-combinations-of-self-assembling-peptide-and-amino-acid
#9
Shaun Pacheco, Shan-Yu Fung, Mingyao Liu
Self-assembling peptides (SAPs) are promising vehicles for the delivery of hydrophobic therapeutics for clinical applications; their amphipathic properties allow them to dissolve hydrophobic compounds in the aqueous environment of the human body. However, self-assembling peptide solutions have poor blood compatibility (e.g., low osmolarity), hindering their clinical application through intravenous administrations. We have recently developed a generalized platform for hydrophobic drug delivery, which combines SAPs with amino acid solutions (SAP-AA) to enhance drug solubility and increase formulation osmolarity to reach the requirements for clinical uses...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993142/ghrelin-upregulates-the-phosphorylation-of-the-glun2b-subunit-of-the-nmda-receptor-by-activating-ghsr1a-and-fyn-in-the-rat-hippocampus
#10
Liza Berrout, Masako Isokawa
Ghrelin and its receptor GHSR1a have been shown to exert numerous physiological functions in the brain, in addition to the well-established orexigenic role in the hypothalamus. Earlier work indicated that ghrelin stimulated the phosphorylation of the GluN1 subunit of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR) and enhanced synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. In the present study, we report that the exogenous application of ghrelin increased GluN2B phosphorylation. This increase was independent of GluN2B subunit activity or NMDAR channel activity...
October 6, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952414/src-family-kinases-activation-in-spinal-microglia-contributes-to-central-sensitization-and-chronic-pain-after-lumbar-disc-herniation
#11
Yangliang Huang, Yongyong Li, Xiongxiong Zhong, Yuming Hu, Pan Liu, Yuanshu Zhao, Zhen Deng, Xianguo Liu, Shaoyu Liu, Yi Zhong
Background Lumbar disc herniation is a major cause of radicular pain, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Spinal activation of src-family kinases are involved in the development of chronic pain from nerve injury, inflammation, and cancer. In the present study, the role of src-family kinases activation in lumbar disc herniation-induced radicular pain was investigated. Results Lumbar disc herniation was induced by implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus, harvest from tail, in lumbar 4/5 spinal nerve roots of rat...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924009/site-specific-regulation-of-p2x7-receptor-function-in-microglia-gates-morphine-analgesic-tolerance
#12
Heather Leduc-Pessah, Nicholas L Weilinger, Churmy Y Fan, Nicole E Burma, Roger J Thompson, Tuan Trang
Tolerance to the analgesic effects of opioids is a major problem in chronic pain management. Microglia are implicated in opioid tolerance, but the core mechanisms regulating their response to opioids remain obscure. By selectively ablating microglia in the spinal cord using a saporin-conjugated antibody to Mac1, we demonstrate a causal role for microglia in the development, but not maintenance, of morphine tolerance in male rats. Increased P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) activity is a cardinal feature of microglial activation, and in this study we found that morphine potentiates P2X7R-mediated Ca(2+) responses in resident spinal microglia acutely isolated from morphine tolerant rats...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910941/-effects-of-src-on-cervical-cancer-cells-proliferation-and-apoptosis-through-erk-signal-transduction-pathway
#13
Z C Song, L Ding, Z Y Ren, X S Sun, Q Yang, L Wang, M J Feng, C L Liu, J T Wang
Objective: To explore the effect of Src on cervical cancer cells through ERK signal transduction pathway. Methods: Experimental study was carried out in vitro. Cervical cancer cell lines Hela (HPV-positive) and C33A (HPV-negative) were treated with Src kinase inhibitor PP2. Then, the cell cycle and apoptosis of each group were evaluated by using flow cytometry (FCM). Western blotting and Real-time PCR were used to detect the levels of the expression of ERK 1/2, c-Fos and c-Jun mRNA and protein respectively...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893976/teaching-an-old-drug-new-tricks-agonism-antagonism-and-biased-signaling-of-pilocarpine-through-m3-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptor
#14
Alexey N Pronin, Qiang Wang, Vladlen Z Slepak
Pilocarpine is a prototypical drug used to treat glaucoma and dry mouth and is classified as either a full or partial muscarinic agonist. Here, we report several unexpected results pertaining to its interaction with muscarinic M3 receptor (M3R). We found that pilocarpine was 1000 times less potent in stimulating mouse-eye pupil constriction than muscarinic agonists oxotremorin-M (Oxo-M) or carbachol (CCh), although all three ligands have similar Kd values for M3R. In contrast to CCh or Oxo-M, pilocarpine does not induce Ca(2+) mobilization via endogenous M3R in human embryonic kidney cell line 293T (HEK293T) or mouse insulinoma (MIN6) cells...
November 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890980/fast-and-accurate-prediction-of-proton-affinities-revisiting-the-extended-koopmans-theorem-for-protons
#15
Laura Pedraza-González, Jorge Charry, William Quintero, Jorge Alí-Torres, Andrés Reyes
In this work we propose schemes based on the extended Koopmans' theorem for quantum nuclei (eKT), in the framework of the any particle molecular orbital approach (APMO/KT), for the quantitative prediction of gas phase proton affinities (PAs). The performance of these schemes has been tested on a set of 300 organic molecules containing diverse functional groups. The APMO/KT scheme scaled by functional group (APMO/KT-SC-FG) displays an overall mean absolute error of 1.1 kcal mol(-1) with respect to experimental data...
September 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879169/herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-neuronal-infection-perturbs-golgi-apparatus-integrity-through-activation-of-src-tyrosine-kinase-and-dyn-2-gtpase
#16
Carolina Martin, Luis Leyton, Melissa Hott, Yennyfer Arancibia, Carlos Spichiger, Mark A McNiven, Felipe A Court, Margarita I Concha, Patricia V Burgos, Carola Otth
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a ubiquitous pathogen that establishes a latent persistent neuronal infection in humans. The pathogenic effects of repeated viral reactivation in infected neurons are still unknown. Several studies have reported that during HSV-1 epithelial infection, the virus could modulate diverse cell signaling pathways remodeling the Golgi apparatus (GA) membranes, but the molecular mechanisms implicated, and the functional consequences to neurons is currently unknown. Here we report that infection of primary neuronal cultures with HSV-1 triggers Src tyrosine kinase activation and subsequent phosphorylation of Dynamin 2 GTPase, two players with a role in GA integrity maintenance...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855900/dt-13-ameliorates-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-vascular-endothelial-hyperpermeability-via-non-muscle-myosin-iia-and-the-src-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#17
Yuanyuan Zhang, Yuwei Han, Yazheng Zhao, Yanni Lv, Yang Hu, Yisha Tan, Xueyuan Bi, Boyang Yu, Junping Kou
DT-13(25(R,S)-ruscogenin-1-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)][β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→3)]-β-d-fucopyranoside) has been identified as an important factor in TNF-α-induced vascular inflammation. However, the effect of DT-13 on TNF-α-induced endothelial permeability and the potential molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Hence, this study was undertaken to elucidate the protective effect of DT-13 on TNF-α-induced endothelial permeability and the underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. The in vivo results showed that DT-13 could ameliorate endothelial permeability in mustard oil-induced plasma leakage in the skin and modulate ZO-1 organization...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855588/morphine-activation-of-mu-opioid-receptors-causes-disinhibition-of-neurons-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-mediated-by-%C3%AE-arrestin2-and-c-src
#18
Fiona A Bull, Daniel T Baptista-Hon, Jeremy J Lambert, Wendy Walwyn, Tim G Hales
The tyrosine kinase, c-Src, participates in mu opioid receptor (MOP) mediated inhibition in sensory neurons in which β-arrestin2 (β-arr2) is implicated in its recruitment. Mice lacking β-arr2 exhibit increased sensitivity to morphine reinforcement; however, whether β-arr2 and/or c-Src participate in the actions of opioids in neurons within the reward pathway is unknown. It is also unclear whether morphine acts exclusively through MOPs, or involves delta opioid receptors (DOPs). We examined the involvement of MOPs, DOPs, β-arr2 and c-Src in the inhibition by morphine of GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) recorded from neurons in the mouse ventral tegmental area...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851829/glucocorticoids-promote-von-hippel-lindau-degradation-and-hif-1%C3%AE-stabilization
#19
Andrea Vettori, David Greenald, Garrick K Wilson, Margherita Peron, Nicola Facchinello, Eleanor Markham, Mathavan Sinnakaruppan, Laura C Matthews, Jane A McKeating, Francesco Argenton, Fredericus J M van Eeden
Glucocorticoid (GC) and hypoxic transcriptional responses play a central role in tissue homeostasis and regulate the cellular response to stress and inflammation, highlighting the potential for cross-talk between these two signaling pathways. We present results from an unbiased in vivo chemical screen in zebrafish that identifies GCs as activators of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in the liver. GCs activated consensus hypoxia response element (HRE) reporters in a glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-dependent manner...
September 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836688/src-kinase-inhibition-reduces-inflammatory-and-cytoskeletal-changes-in-%C3%AE-f508-human-cholangiocytes-and-improves-cftr-correctors-efficacy
#20
Romina Fiorotto, Mariangela Amenduni, Valeria Mariotti, Luca Fabris, Carlo Spirli, Mario Strazzabosco
CFTR, the channel mutated in cystic fibrosis (CF), is expressed by the biliary epithelium (i.e cholangiocytes) of the liver. Progressive clinical liver disease (CFLD) occurs in about 10% of CF patients and represents the third leading cause of death. Impaired secretion and inflammation contribute to CFLD, however the lack of human-derived experimental models has hampered the understanding of CFLD pathophysiology and the search for a cure. We have investigated the cellular mechanisms altered in human CF cholangiocytes using induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) derived from healthy controls and a ΔF508 CFTR patient...
July 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
keyword
keyword
86036
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"