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Perioperative antibiotics

Yuval Fouks, Yoni Cohen, Togas Tulandi, Amir Meiri, Ishai Levin, Benny Almog, Aviad Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical course, surgical and fertility outcomes of patients diagnosed with tuboovarian abscess (TOA) following fertility treatment. DESIGN: Parallel case series over 10 consecutive years. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTING: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, a tertiary university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven women who were diagnosed with TOA following fertility treatments (in-vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination) were compared with 313 women who were diagnosed with TOA not associated with fertility treatments during the same time period...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Renzo Moreale, Mara Doretto, Milena Maccherozzi, Rosj Marangone, Massimo Noacco, Alex Paiani, Cristina Razzini, Giulia Rizzi, Alessia Romano, Quinto Sbrizzai, Irene Simeoni, Alvisa Palese
Aim The primary aim of the study was to describe the perioperative care ensured on a daily basis to prevent surgical site infection in Italian neurosurgeries; the secondary aim was to explore surgical site infections 30 days after the surgical procedures. Methods Patients cared for in 16 neurosurgical units who (a) were ≥18 years of age, (b) underwent neurosurgical procedures, and (c) were willing to participate in the study were taken into account. Results A total of 383 patients were included. A preoperative shower was performed in 332 cases (86...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
William Mamane, Stenley Lippmann, Dan Israel, Reeta Ramdhian-Wihlm, Michael Temam, Virginie Mas, Jérome Pierrart, Emmanuel H Masmejean
Introduction: Since Kanavel in 1905, knowledge of phlegmon of flexor tendon sheaths of the fingers have evolved over the twentieth century. This serious infection is 20% of infections of the hand and may have adverse consequences for the function of the finger and even beyond, of the hand. Amputation is always a risk. Frequently face this type of infection, we conducted a retrospective study and made an inventory of knowledge in order to consolidate and improve the overall care. Materials & Methods: The study was retrospective and cross, focused on 120 patients operated on at Hand Surgery Unit, during 4 years...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Allison J Rao, Peter N Chalmers, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael C O'Brien, Jon M Newgren, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Gregory P Nicholson, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the most common bacteria associated with infection after shoulder arthroplasty. These bacteria can be grown on culture of skin after standard preoperative skin preparation and antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adding preoperative intravenous doxycycline reduces the prevalence of positive P. acnes cultures of skin and deep tissues at the time of prosthetic joint implantation during shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Marcel Hochreiter, Maria Uhling, Leila Sisic, Thomas Bruckner, Alexandra Heininger, Andreas Hohn, Katja Ott, Thomas Schmidt, Marc Moritz Berger, Daniel Christoph Richter, Markus Büchler, Markus Alexander Weigand, Cornelius Johannes Busch
PURPOSE: Thoracoabdominal esophageal resection for malignant disease is frequently associated with pulmonary infection. Whether prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis beyond a single perioperative dose is advantageous in preventing pulmonary infection after thoracoabdominal esophagectomy remains unclear. METHODS: In this retrospective before-and-after analysis, 173 patients between January 2009 and December 2014 from a prospectively maintained database were included. We evaluated the effect of a 5-day postoperative course of moxifloxacin, which is a frequently used antimicrobial agent for pneumonia, on the incidence of pulmonary infection and mortality after thoracoabdominal esophagectomy...
June 5, 2018: Infection
Vignesh K Alamanda, Bryan D Springer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a complication that is associated with high morbidity as well as high healthcare expenses. The purpose of this review is to examine patient and perioperative modifiable risk factors that can be altered to help improve rates of PJI. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based review of literature shows that improved control of post-operative glycemia, appropriate management of obesity, malnutrition, metabolic syndrome, preoperative anemia, and smoking cessation can help minimize risk of PJI...
June 4, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Robert Shapiro, Rose Laignel, Caitlin Kowcheck, Valerie White, Mahreen Hashmi
Purpose Previous studies indicate adherence to pre-operative antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines has been inadequate. The purpose of this paper is to determine adherence rates to current perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines in gynecologic surgery at a tertiary care, academic institution. As a secondary outcome, improving guidelines after physician re-education were analyzed. Design/methodology/approach A retrospective chart review (2,463 patients) was completed. The authors determined if patients received perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in accordance with current guidelines from the America College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Marko Tomov, Nathan Wanderman, Elie Berbari, Bradford Currier, Michael Yaszemski, Ahmad Nassr, Paul Huddleston, Mohamad Bydon, Brett Freedman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical site infections (SSI) following spine surgery are debilitating complications to patients and costly to the healthcare system. PURPOSE: Review the impact and cost effectiveness of five SSI prevention interventions on SSI rates in an orthopaedic spine surgery practice at a major quaternary healthcare system over a 10-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. PATIENT SAMPLE: All of the surgical patients of five spine surgeons in our department over a 10-year period were included in this study...
June 1, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Gillian E Hanley, Janice S Kwon, Sarah J Finlayson, David G Huntsman, Dianne Miller, Jessica N McAlpine
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has suggested that the fallopian tube may often be the site of origin for the most common and lethal form of ovarian cancer. As a result, many Colleges of Obstetrics & Gynecology, including ACOG, are recommending surgical removal of the fallopian tube (bilateral salpingectomy) at the time of other gynecologic surgeries (particularly hysterectomy and tubal sterilization) in women at general population risk for ovarian cancer, collectively referred to as opportunistic salpingectomy (OS)...
May 28, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cherng-Ru Hsu, Jiann-Torng Chen, Kuo-Ming Yeh, Chi-Kang Hsu, Ming-Cheng Tai, Ying-Jen Chen, Yun-Hsiang Chang
PURPOSE: To report the clinical features and treatment outcomes in a cluster of patients with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery caused by nontuberculous mycobacterium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review and noncomparative, consecutive case series. Nine consecutive cases of endophthalmitis, after cataract surgery in a local clinic, were referred to our hospital. The treatment outcomes and analysis of risk factors for infection are reported. RESULTS: The major symptoms at presentation were pain, redness, and decreased vision...
May 29, 2018: Eye
Adam Tucker, Paul Hegarty, Paul J Magill, Janine Blaney, Lynne V Armstrong, John E McCaffrey, David E Beverland
BACKGROUND: Perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI) can be associated with lower limb arthroplasty and increases morbidity, length of stay, and mortality. AKI is more prevalent in some antibiotic regimes compared with others. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of cefuroxime (CEF), with or without gentamicin (±G), on AKI rates. METHODS: A prospective cohort study involving patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty was performed, between September 1, 2015 and November 30, 2016...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Sameer A Alvi, Joel W Jones, Paul Porter, Mollie Perryman, Karen Nelson, Carrie L Francis, Christopher G Larsen
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of early postoperative tympanostomy tube insertion otorrhea and obstruction in pediatric patients receiving antibiotic ear drops with or without steroid perioperatively. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent outpatient myringotomy and tube placement. Patients from June 2013 to February 2014 received ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone perioperatively while patients from May 2014 to April 2015 received ofloxacin...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Jamie J Van Gompel, Matthew L Carlson, R Mark Wiet, Nicole M Tombers, Anand K Devaiah M, Devyani Lal, Jacques J Morcos, Michael J Link
Introduction  Perioperative care of vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients is extremely variable across surgeons and institutions making practice patterns difficult to standardize. No data currently exist detailing this practice variability. Methods  The North American Skull Base Society membership was electronically surveyed regarding perioperative care of surgically operated VS patients. Results  There were 87 respondents to the survey. Surgical positioning, surgical approach utilized, and perioperative medical adjuncts are quite variable...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Grażyna Broniek, Ewa Langwińska-Wośko, Małgorzata Sybilska, Jerzy Szaflik, Jacek P Szaflik, Marta Wróblewska
Introduction: Recipients of corneal transplants are at risk of healthcare-associated infections, which, apart from other causes of surgical site infections, may also occur as a result of the transfer of infected corneal tissue. In this study we assessed the risk of bacterial and fungal infections based on the results of routine microbiological testing of cornea preservation fluid samples. Material and methods: We examined a total of 725 samples of corneal preservation fluid, obtained during a period of 3 years (2011-2013)...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
So Ron Choi, Jeong Ho Kim, Kyoung Lin Chae, Seung Cheol Lee, Sang Yoong Park
Woake's syndrome (WS) is a recurrent nasal polyposis, accompanied by broadening of the nose, frontal sinus aplasia, dyscrinia, and bronchiectasis. There has been no previous report on anesthetic management in patients with WS. We describe a case involving a 13-year-old male patient with WS who was scheduled for septorhinoplasty for necrotic ethmoiditis. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol and remifentanil using a target-controlled infusion device. The anesthetic considerations of this rare syndrome and the advantages of an intravenous infusion method over local and volatile anesthesia for these patients are discussed...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Leon Vorobeichik, Elizabeth A Weber, Jordan Tarshis
Administration of preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis, often with a cephalosporin, is the mainstay of surgical site infection prevention guidelines. Unfortunately, due to prevalent misconceptions, patients labeled as having a penicillin allergy often receive alternate and less-effective antibiotics, placing them at risk of a variety of adverse effects including increased morbidity and higher risk of surgical site infection. The perioperative physician should ascertain the nature of previous reactions to aid in determining the probability of the prevalence of a true allergy...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Andy M Habib, Alexander D Wong, Geoffrey C Schreiner, Komal F Satti, Natalie B Riblet, Heather A Johnson, Jacob P Ossoff
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgery for maxillofacial fractures is standard practice. However, the use of postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis remains controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effect of postoperative antibiotic therapy on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients with maxillofacial fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception through October 2017...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
Yara Moussa, Joseph Shuster, Gilbert Matte, Andrew Sullivan, Robert H Goldstein, Dayle Cunningham, Moshe Ben-Shoshan, Gabriele Baldini, Francesco Carli, Christos Tsoukas
BACKGROUND: Suspected penicillin allergic individuals receive suboptimal non-β-lactams for intraoperative prophylaxis which may prolong operations and have negative clinical outcomes. We therefore studied if β-lactam de-labeling optimized choice of prophylactic antibiotics and improved intraoperative time efficiency. METHODS: A multistep approach was used. It included a risk assessment tool by an allergist, β-lactam skin testing and oral provocation. To determine the value of de-labeling, we appraised intraoperative antibiotic choices and correlated them with time to first incision...
May 8, 2018: Surgery
Tom Shokri, Jessyka G Lighthall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review and discuss recent literature regarding perioperative use of antibiotics in the context of facial plastic surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite research efforts, there continues to be insufficient evidence in support of, or against, the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis. SUMMARY: Current available evidence regarding antibiotic use in facial plastic surgery procedures fails to demonstrate routine benefit...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Andrew Conger, Fan Zhao, Xiaowen Wang, Amalia Eisenberg, Chester Griffiths, Felice Esposito, Ricardo L Carrau, Garni Barkhoudarian, Daniel F Kelly
OBJECTIVE The authors previously described a graded approach to skull base repair following endonasal microscopic or endoscope-assisted tumor surgery. In this paper they review their experience with skull base reconstruction in the endoscopic era. METHODS A retrospective review of a single-institution endonasal endoscopic patient database (April 2010-April 2017) was undertaken. Intraoperative CSF leaks were graded based on size (grade 0 [no leak], 1, 2, or 3), and repair technique was documented across grades...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
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