keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

macular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816862/unilateral-optic-neuritis-and-central-retinal-vasculitis-due-to-ocular-syphilis
#1
Murtaza S Khan, Dulanji K Kuruppu, Tanav A Popli, Ramana S Moorthy, Devin D Mackay
PURPOSE: Report a case of concurrent unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting signs of syphilis. METHODS: A case report of a 22-year-old man with progressive unilateral vision loss. RESULTS: With no known previous history of syphilis, genital lesions, or other extraocular manifestations, the patient presented with pain with eye movements and decreased color vision. His vision dramatically worsened after a course of oral steroids...
August 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815013/diabetic-retinopathy-reversibility-of-epigenetic-modifications-and-new-therapeutic-targets
#2
REVIEW
Xinyuan Zhang, Lin Zhao, Brett Hambly, Shisan Bao, Kaiyue Wang
In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the molecular mechanisms of epigenetics in disease development and progression, the reversible characteristics of epigenetic modification provide new insights for the treatment of such diseases. The pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) has not yet been fully understood, treatment of refractory and recurrent diabetic macular edema remains a big change in clinical practice. This review emphasizes that reversibility of epigenetic modification could provide a new strategy for the prevention and treatment of diseases...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814744/monocyte-infiltration-and-proliferation-reestablish-myeloid-cell-homeostasis-in-the-mouse-retina-following-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-injury
#3
Wenxin Ma, Yikui Zhang, Chun Gao, Robert N Fariss, Johnny Tam, Wai T Wong
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading contributor of vision loss, currently lacks comprehensive treatment. While AMD histopathology involves retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) injury associated with immune cell infiltration, the nature of immune cell responses to RPE injury remains undefined. We induced RPE injury pharmacologically and genetically in transgenic mouse models in which microglia and systemic monocytes were separately tagged, enabling a spatial and temporal dissection of the relative contributions of microglia vs...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814412/long-term-outcomes-with-as-needed-aflibercept-in-diabetic-macular-oedema-2-year-outcomes-of-the-endurance-extension-study
#4
Charles C Wykoff, William C Ou, Rahul N Khurana, David M Brown, W Lloyd Clark, David S Boyer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of individualised 2.0 mg intravitreal aflibercept retreatment for diabetic macular oedema (DME) through the fifth year of management. METHODS: This is a phase IV, 2-year, open-label extension study. Sixty patients completing the 3-year VISTA DME (Study of Intravitreal Aflibercept Injection in Patients With Diabetic Macular Edema) phase III trial enrolled in the ENDURANCE (Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Intravitreal Aflibercept for the Treatment of DME in Subjects Who Completed the VISTA DME Trial) extension study...
August 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812133/-watchful-waiting-as-a-therapeutic-principle-for-diseases-of-the-vitreoretinal-interface
#5
REVIEW
H Hoerauf, B Kirchhof
Elective surgery of the vitreoretinal interface is currently the most common reason for vitrectomy in Germany. The evaluation and correct interpretation of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images is of great importance but the indications for vitrectomy in macular surgery should be based more on patient symptoms and not only the OCT findings. Watchful waiting is highlighted as an alternative therapeutic option in individual patients. This article addresses a number of aspects and discrepancies between findings and patients' level of suffering based on binocular symptoms...
August 15, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812127/-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
I Foeldvari, K Walscheid, A Heiligenhaus
BACKGROUND: Uveitis is the most common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). It occurs, according to German registry data, in around 12% of JIA patients and can lead to a loss of vision, especially in cases of delayed diagnosis and/or inadequate therapy. OBJECTIVE: A review of current aspects of diagnosis and therapy was carried out. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a review article of the current literature. RESULTS: The risk of uveitis is significantly elevated in patients with an oligoarticular course of JIA, ANA positivity and young age at onset of JIA...
August 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807155/effects-of-lycium-barbarum-on-the-visual-system
#7
Abby L Manthey, Kin Chiu, Kwok-Fai So
Lycium barbarum (wolfberry, gogi berry, gouqizi, ) is one of the most widely used Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) and is also one of the most scientifically studied. Indeed, the polysaccharide component of this berry (LBP) has been shown to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antiexcitotoxic, and antiapoptotic properties. These properties make it a particularly useful treatment option for the ocular environment. Although there are a handful of studies investigating the use of LBP to treat diseases affecting the lens, the vast majority of the published literature investigating LBP in the visual system focus on the retina...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806938/cystoid-macular-oedema-associated-with-rosai-dorfman-disease-a-case-report
#8
Rubens Camargo Siqueira, Antonio Augusto Velasco E Cruz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report a case of cystoid macular oedema (CME) associated with Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD). CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old male initially presented with a two-month history of a congested left eye. At presentation, visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/80 in the left eye. Biomicroscopy showed conjunctival hyperaemia in the left eye with a slight elevation, suggesting a subconjunctival mass. Retinal fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed the presence of CME in the left eye...
August 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806213/maintenance-of-good-visual-acuity-in-best-disease-associated-with-chronic-bilateral-serous-macular-detachment
#9
Sarra Gattoussi, Camiel J F Boon, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: We describe the long-term follow-up of a patient with multifocal Best disease with chronic bilateral serous macular detachment and unusual peripheral findings associated with a novel mutation in the BEST1 gene. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 59-year-old white woman was referred for an evaluation of her macular findings in 1992. There was a family history of Best disease in the patient's mother and a male sibling. Her medical history was unremarkable...
August 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806189/the-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-neuro-ophthalmology
#10
Noel C Y Chan, Carmen K M Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the last decade, with the advances of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, different imaging protocols and analysis algorithms have been introduced to maximize the potential of this diagnostic tool in the evaluation of different eye diseases. This review aims to provide an update on these additional features, with respect to the management of a diverse range of neuro-ophthalmologic conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) analysis has been shown to be superior to peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) analysis in certain settings, such as differentiating Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy from functional visual loss; monitoring neurodegenerative diseases or multiple sclerosis; and predicting visual loss in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803666/-inefficacy-of-aflibercept-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia-type-2%C3%A2-without-neovascularization
#11
J Bénichou, V Soler, D Denis, F Matonti
Idiopathic macular telangectasia type 2 is a rare disease consisting primarily of bilateral macular capillary telangiectasia, alterations of the ellipsoid zone and intraretinal cysts that may appear as cystoid macular edema in the absence of neovascularization. Our goal was to study the efficacy of aflibercept in the treatment of these cysts. Thus, we performed a series of three intravitreal injections of aflibercept in the right eye of a woman with a typical presentation of macular telangectasia type 2 complicated by cystoid macular edema without neovascularization...
August 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800660/-eye-drops-instead-of-intravitreal-injections-the-dream-of-treating-macular-diseases-by-topically-administered-drugs
#12
Oliver Zeitz, Antonia M Joussen
Background The introduction of VEGF inhibitors revolutionized treatment for age-related macular degeneration. However, it requires regular intravitreal (IVT) injections. Hence, replacement of IVT injections by topical, non-invasive eye drop treatment is subject to intensive research. Material and Methods Literature and database research on topical therapies for neovascular AMD. Results Several clinical projects with topical inhibitors of the VEGF pathway were initiated recently. Several candidate molecules were investigated and should have an efficacy potential in neovascular AMD given their ability to block the VEGF pathway...
August 11, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800648/fundus-autofluorescence-findings-in-eyes-with-birdshot-chorioretinitis
#13
Christian Böni, Jennifer E Thorne, Richard F Spaide, Trucian A Ostheimer, David Sarraf, Ralph D Levinson, Debra A Goldstein, Lana M Rifkin, Albert T Vitale, Glenn J Jaffe, Gary N Holland
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe fundus autofluorescence (FAF) findings in eyes with birdshot chorioretinitis (BSCR) and to compare findings to demographic, medical, and clinical characteristics. Methods: In this multicenter, prospective, cross-sectional study, 172 eyes (86 patients) with BSCR were investigated. Participants underwent a standardized evaluation including collection of demographic data, ophthalmic and treatment history, and ophthalmologic examination...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800019/the-natural-history-of-full-field-stimulus-threshold-decline-in-choroideremia
#14
Ioannis S Dimopoulos, Paul R Freund, Jacob A Knowles, Ian M MacDonald
PURPOSE: To evaluate full-field sensitivity thresholds (FSTs) across a wide range of choroideremia (CHM) disease stages and to determine their applicability as functional endpoints for CHM clinical trials. METHODS: Thirty CHM subjects (60 eyes) and 50 healthy controls (50 eyes) underwent FST testing under dark-adapted conditions to determine rod- and cone-mediated FSTs. Central retinal structure and function were assessed using fundus autofluorescence and microperimetry...
August 9, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800018/the-expanding-clinical-spectrum-of-choroidal-excavation-in-macular-dystrophies
#15
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Giuseppe Casalino, Pierluigi Iacono, Ugo Introini, Tatevik Adamyan, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and the clinical course of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) in patients affected by macular dystrophies. METHODS: Prospective case series. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The presence of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) was assessed on the basis of the leakage detected on fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: A total of 162 eyes from 81 patients with macular dystrophy were included in the study...
August 9, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798980/two-year-outcome-of-an-observe-and-plan-regimen-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-treated-with-aflibercept
#16
Parmis Parvin, Marta Zola, Ali Dirani, Aude Ambresin, Irmela Mantel
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to investigate the two-year outcome of Aflibercept treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), using the Observe-and-Plan regimen, an individually planned treatment regimen, based on the predictability of an individual's need for retreatment, aiming to reduce the clinical burden. METHODS: Our prospective study used the Observe-and-Plan regimen with Aflibercept to treat nAMD: Three loading doses, followed by monthly observation visits until the disease-recurrence interval was determined, which then was shortened by 2 weeks in a treatment plan for the next three injections without intermediate monitoring visits...
August 10, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796787/the-quinic-acid-derivative-kz-41-prevents-glucose-induced-caspase-3-activation-in-retinal-endothelial-cells-through-an-igf-1-receptor-dependent-mechanism
#17
Hui He, Rebecca L Weir, Jordan J Toutounchian, Jayaprakash Pagadala, Jena J Steinle, Jerome Baudry, Duane D Miller, Charles R Yates
Retinal microaneurysms, an early disease manifestation of diabetic retinopathy, are associated with retinal endothelial cell (REC) death and macular edema. We previously demonstrated that a quinic acid (QA) analog, KZ-41, promoted REC survival by blunting stress-induced p38 MAPK activation. Herein, we sought to expand our understanding of the pro-survival signal transduction pathways actuated by KZ-41. Using human RECs exposed to high glucose (25 mM, 72 hours), we demonstrated that KZ-41 blocks caspase-3 activation by triggering phosphorylation of the PI3K regulatory subunit (p85; Tyr458) and its downstream target Akt (Ser473)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795959/zika-virus-and-the-eye
#18
Bruno de Paula Freitas, Camila V Ventura, Mauricio Maia, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review the ocular findings related to the Zika virus (ZIKV) based on the main studies published to date, describe the patterns of the lesions and risk factors, and identify the public health implications and scientific importance of this emerging disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In most studies, the ZIKV seems related to congenital ocular lesions and most mothers reported mild symptoms during the first pregnancy trimester...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794849/scaffolds-for-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-transplantation-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
REVIEW
Corina E White, Ronke M Olabisi
In several retinal degenerative diseases, including age-related macular degeneration, the retinal pigment epithelium, a highly functionalized cell monolayer, becomes dysfunctional. These retinal diseases are marked by early retinal pigment epithelium dysfunction reducing its ability to maintain a healthy retina, hence making the retinal pigment epithelium an attractive target for treatment. Cell therapies, including bolus cell injections, have been investigated with mixed results. Since bolus cell injection does not promote the proper monolayer architecture, scaffolds seeded with retinal pigment epithelium cells and then implanted have been increasingly investigated...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794612/investigation-of-associations-of-arms2-cd14-and-tlr4-gene-polymorphisms-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-greek-population
#20
Antonia Sarli, Iosif Skalidakis, Aliki Velissari, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Maria Stefaniotou, Michael B Petersen, Christos Kroupis, George Kitsos, Marilita M Moschos
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial degenerative ocular disease that leads to loss of central vision. Functional gene polymorphisms have already been associated with the disease (for example, ARMS2 A69S, rs10490924). AIM: The goal of our study was to verify the correlation of the aforementioned ARMS2 variation with the disease, to examine, for the first time, the role of the CD14 C260T variation (rs2569190), and to investigate the association of two TLR4 polymorphisms (Asp299Gly or rs4986790 and Thr399Ile or rs4986791) in a Greek population with the wet form of AMD...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
86028
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"