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Law enforcement medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538338/supporting-a-culture-of-evidence-based-policy-federal-funding-for-public-health-law-evaluation-research-1985-2014
#1
Jennifer K Ibrahim, Aaron A Sorensen, Heidi Grunwald, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: Law powerfully influences health and can be a critical tool for promoting population well-being. Evaluation research is needed to measure the health effects of law and guide policy making and implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for scientific public health law research (PHLR). METHODS: Using data from the UberResearch NIH grant repository, we collected and coded all grants with a focus on health law between FY'85 and FY'14 and then analyzed the grants by funding agency and topic areas...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521917/the-global-health-law-trilogy-towards-a-safer-healthier-and-fairer-world
#2
Lawrence O Gostin, Mary Clare DeBartolo, Rebecca Katz
Global health advocates often turn to medicine and science for solutions to enduring health risks, but law is also a powerful tool. No state acting alone can ward off health threats that span borders, requiring international solutions. A trilogy of global health law-the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, International Health Regulations (2005), and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework-strives for a safer, healthier, and fairer world. Yet, these international agreements are not well understood, and contain gaps in scope and enforceability...
May 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486327/tourniquets-in-trauma-care-a-review-of-application
#3
Brian Cornelius, Ryan Campbell, Pat McGauly
Traumatic hemorrhage has been identified as the leading cause of battlefield death in recent conflicts. Although injury patterns are not directly reproducible to the civilian world, treatment advancements can be used to provide care to patients worldwide. Long-standing dogma regarding the use of tourniquets has been disproved, and there is now recognition of the critical role that tourniquets play in trauma care. The history and evolution of tourniquets, including the identification of previous faults in application, will lead to an examination of the current devices in use along with evidence-based recommendations for use...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453716/inflated-medicine-prices-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#4
Tuan Anh Nguyen, Rosemary Knight, Andrea Mant, Husna Razee, Geoffrey Brooks, Thu Ha Dang, Elizabeth Ellen Roughead
One third of the world's population lacks regular access to essential medicines partly because of the high cost of medicines. In Vietnam, the cost to patients of medicines was 47 times the international reference price for originator brands and 11 times the price for generic equivalents in the public sector. In this article, we report the results of a qualitative study conducted to identify the principal reasons for inflated medicine prices in Vietnam.Between April 2008 and December 2009, 29 semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff from pharmaceutical companies, private pharmacies, the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Finance of Vietnam...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293104/factors-driving-customers-to-seek-health-care-from-pharmacies-for-acute-respiratory-illness-and-treatment-recommendations-from-drug-sellers-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#5
Fahmida Chowdhury, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Abdullah Al Mamun, A Danielle Iuliano, Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Makhdum Ahmed, Sabbir Haider, Mahmudur Rahman, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Pharmacies in Bangladesh serve as an important source of health service. A survey in Dhaka reported that 48% of respondents with symptoms of acute respiratory illness (ARI) identified local pharmacies as their first point of care. This study explores the factors driving urban customers to seek health care from pharmacies for ARI, their treatment adherence, and outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 selected pharmacies within Dhaka from June to December 2012...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285488/graduate-medical-education-in-tactical-medicine-and-the-impact-of-acgme-accreditation-of-ems-fellowships
#6
Nelson Tang, Matthew J Levy, Asa M Margolis, Nathan Woltman
Physician interest in tactical medicine as an area of professional practice has grown significantly over the past decade. The prevalence of physician involvement in terms of medical oversight and operational support of civilian tactical medicine has experienced tremendous growth during this timeframe. Factors contributing to this trend are multifactorial and include enhanced law enforcement agency understanding of the role of the tactical physician, support for the engagement of qualified medical oversight, increasing numbers of physicians formally trained in tactical medicine, and the ongoing escalation of intentional mass-casualty incidents worldwide...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255632/population-based-autopsy-study-of-traumatic-fatalities
#7
S Saar, A Lomp, J Laos, V Mihnovitš, R Šalkauskas, T Lustenberger, M Väli, U Lepner, P Talving
BACKGROUND: Injuries result in 5.8 million global fatalities annually and are the leading cause of death in younger individuals. Nevertheless, population-based autopsy investigations on traumatic deaths are scarce. We set out to study all consecutive autopsies on traumatic fatalities performed in a 5-year time segment in Estonia. METHODS: After the ethics review board approval, all consecutive autopsies after blunt or penetrating deaths occurring in prehospital or in-hospital settings between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed using the National Forensic Medicine Database...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219471/a-descriptive-analysis-of-tactical-casualty-care-interventions-performed-by-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-state-of-wisconsin-2010-2015
#8
Chad M Stiles, Christopher Cook, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions. METHODS: This was a descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of cases submitted to the Wisconsin Tactical Medicine Initiative (Wisconsin USA), after the provision of successful patient care, between January 2010 and December 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788677/quality-of-artemisinin-based-combination-therapy-for-malaria-found-in-ghanaian-markets-and-public-health-implications-of-their-use
#9
Mathilda Tivura, Isaac Asante, Albert van Wyk, Stephaney Gyaase, Naiela Malik, Emmanuel Mahama, Dana M Hostetler, Facundo M Fernandez, Kwaku Poku Asante, Harparkash Kaur, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Ghana changed their antimalarial drug policy from monotherapies to Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies in 2004 in order to provide more efficacious medicines for treatment of malaria. The policy change can be eroded if poor quality Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies are allowed to remain on the Ghanaian market unchecked by regulatory bodies and law enforcement agencies. The presence and prevalence of substandard and counterfeit Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies need to be determined on open markets in Ghana; a review of the current policy; identifying any gaps and making recommendations on actions to be taken in addressing gaps identified are essential as the data provided and recommendations made will help in ensuring effective control of malaria in Ghana...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713830/fighting-falsified-medicines-with-paperwork-a-historic-review-of-danish-legislation-governing-distribution-of-medicines
#10
Rasmus Borup, Susanne Kaae, Timo Minssen, Janine Traulsen
BACKGROUND: Many areas of pharmaceutical legislation in the European Union (EU) are harmonised in order to promote the internal market and protect public health. Ideally, harmonisation leads to less fragmented regulation and cross-border complexities. This study, however, focuses on an increasingly harmonised legislative area that is subject to increases in requirements and complexities: the distribution of medicines. This study compared Danish legislation governing the distribution of medicines before and after Denmark joined the EU in order to assess the impact of EU harmonisation, as well as to evaluate whether the drastic increases in requirements mandated by the Falsified Medicines Directive of 2011 correspond to a new approach to governing the pharmaceutical supply chain...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676851/accessibility-to-general-medicine-practice-for-the-disabled-people
#11
Vincent Gautheron, Jean-Christophe Lachat, Jean Feuillet
OPINION/FEEDBACK: Introduction: In modern society many disabled people are confronted with architectural barriers. The law of 11 February 2005 has introduced regulations imposing accessibility to all buildings open to the general public and this measure is in line with sustainable development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This survey was carried out in 2010, among general practitioners of the Loire département as well as wheelchair users to evaluate the accessibility to doctors' surgeries...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630566/preparation-and-distribution-of-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-dosage-formulations-for-investigational-and-therapeutic-use-in-the-united-states
#12
Brian F Thomas, Gerald T Pollard
Cannabis is classified as a schedule I controlled substance by the US Drug Enforcement Agency, meaning that it has no medicinal value. Production is legally restricted to a single supplier at the University of Mississippi, and distribution to researchers is tightly controlled. However, a majority of the population is estimated to believe that cannabis has legitimate medical or recreational value, numerous states have legalized or decriminalized possession to some degree, and the federal government does not strictly enforce its law and is considering rescheduling...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547162/three-myths-about-dietary-supplements-%C3%A2-and-how-knowing-the-right-answers-is-good-for-your-integrative-medicine-practice
#13
Loren Israelsen, Frank Lampe
The use of safe and beneficial dietary supplements remains an important part of your patients' healthy lifestyle-and supplements are likely an important part of your integrative medicine practice. Although issues surrounding potency, ingredient identification, adulteration, and the enforcement of existing laws are legitimate concerns for medical professionals and consumers, the responsible industry is actively working to raise quality standards for its products through a number of self-regulatory measures. These include education about and adoption of additional quality assurance initiatives, such as GMPs for botanical ingredients; better supply-chain management; adoption of improved identification and testing methodologies; an industry-wide product registry; the use of accredited third-party certifications and seals; and initiatives to promote widespread membership in the industry's trade associations, which is a reliable indicator of a company's support of and adherence to strict quality guidelines...
June 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528494/interventions-to-reduce-corruption-in-the-health-sector
#14
REVIEW
Rakhal Gaitonde, Andrew D Oxman, Peter O Okebukola, Gabriel Rada
BACKGROUND: Corruption is the abuse or complicity in abuse, of public or private position, power or authority to benefit oneself, a group, an organisation or others close to oneself; where the benefits may be financial, material or non-material. It is wide-spread in the health sector and represents a major problem. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to systematically summarise empirical evidence of the effects of strategies to reduce corruption in the health sector...
August 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500252/protection-of-human-beings-trafficked-for-the-purpose-of-organ-removal-recommendations
#15
Assya Pascalev, Kristof Van Assche, Judit Sándor, Natalia Codreanu, Anwar Naqvi, Martin Gunnarson, Mihaela Frunza, Jordan Yankov
This report presents a comprehensive set of recommendations for protection of human beings who are trafficked for the purpose of organ removal or are targeted for such trafficking. Developed by an interdisciplinary group of international experts under the auspices of the project Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal (also known as the HOTT project), these recommendations are grounded in the view that an individual who parts with an organ for money within an illegal scheme is ipso facto a victim and that the crime of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR) intersects with the crime of trafficking in organs...
February 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437263/self-medication-with-antibiotics-among-people-dwelling-in-rural-areas-of-sindh
#16
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad Hassaan Khan, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Asma Akbar Ladak, Sufyan Khan Niazi, Muhammad Daniyal Musharraf, Adil Al-Karim Manji
INTRODUCTION: Self-medication with antibiotics is becoming increasingly common due to multiple factors. The public who are using these antibiotics generally do not have full information regarding their proper use, especially the dosages and possible side-effects. Hence, unregulated use of such medicines may cause dangerous adverse effects in the patients. AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence and practice of self-medication with antibiotics among people dwelling in the rural areas of province Sindh...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371542/a-perspective-on-veterinary-forensic-pathology-and-medicine-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
S G Newbery, S W Cooke, H M Martineau
Internationally, forensic medicine and pathology are increasingly recognized as an important aspect of work done by veterinary clinicians and veterinary pathologists. In this article, a forensic veterinary clinician, a forensic veterinary pathologist in private practice, and a forensic veterinary pathologist at a veterinary school discuss the interactions among veterinary clinicians, veterinary pathologists, and law enforcement agencies and how future interactions can be improved. The focus is on the United Kingdom, but many of the principles, challenges, and suggestions are applicable to other jurisdictions...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358547/pharmaceutical-regulatory-framework-in-ethiopia-a-critical-evaluation-of-its-legal-basis-and-implementation
#18
Sultan Suleman, Abdulkadir Woliyi, Kifle Woldemichael, Kora Tushune, Luc Duchateau, Agnes Degroote, Roy Vancauwenberghe, Nathalie Bracke, Bart De Spiegeleer
BACKGROUND: Effective and enforceable national regulations describing the manufacture and (re)packaging, export and import, distribution and storage, supply and sale, information and pharmaco-vigilance of medicines are required to consistently ensure optimal patient benefit. Expansion of pharmaceutical industries in many countries with advancement in transport technologies facilitated not only trade of genuine pharmaceutical products but also the circulation of poor quality medicines across the globe...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311827/public-health-interventions-to-protect-against-falsified-medicines-a-systematic-review-of-international-national-and-local-policies
#19
REVIEW
William L Hamilton, Cormac Doyle, Mycroft Halliwell-Ewen, Gabriel Lambert
BACKGROUND: Falsified medicines are deliberately fraudulent drugs that pose a direct risk to patient health and undermine healthcare systems, causing global morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To produce an overview of anti-falsifying public health interventions deployed at international, national and local scales in low and middle income countries (LMIC). DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic search of the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for healthcare or pharmaceutical policies relevant to reducing the burden of falsified medicines in LMIC...
December 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187541/giving-voice-to-emotion-voice-analysis-technology-uncovering-mental-states-is-playing-a-growing-role-in-medicine-business-and-law-enforcement
#20
Summer Allen
It's tough to imagine anything more frustrating than interacting with a call center. Generally, people don't reach out to call centers when they?re happy-they're usually trying to get help with a problem or gearing up to do battle over a billing error. Add in an automatic phone tree, and you have a recipe for annoyance. But what if that robotic voice offering you a smorgasbord of numbered choices could tell that you were frustrated and then funnel you to an actual human being? This type of voice analysis technology exists, and it's just one example of the many ways that computers can use your voice to extract information about your mental and emotional state-including information you may not think of as being accessible through your voice alone...
May 2016: IEEE Pulse
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