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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#1
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702565/self-medication-with-antibiotics-attitude-and-knowledge-of-antibiotic-resistance-among-community-residents-and-undergraduate-students-in-northwest-nigeria
#2
Olumide Ajibola, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Anthonius Anayochukwu Eze, Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke
This study set out to evaluate self-medicated antibiotics and knowledge of antibiotic resistance among undergraduate students and community members in northern Nigeria. Antibiotic consumption pattern, source of prescription, illnesses commonly treated, attitude towards antibiotics, and knowledge of antibiotic resistance were explored using a structured questionnaire. Responses were analyzed and summarized using descriptive statistics. Of the 1230 respondents from undergraduate students and community members, prescription of antibiotics by a physician was 33% and 57%, respectively, amongst undergraduate students and community members...
April 27, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678189/accepting-telemedicine-in-a-circulatory-medicine-ward-in-major-hospitals-in-south-korea-patients-and-health-professionals-perception-of-real-time-electrocardiogram-monitoring
#3
Seo-Joon Lee, Tae-Young Jung, Tae-Ro Lee, Jae-Hoon Han
BACKGROUND: South Korean government is currently in progress of expanding the coverage of telemedicine projects as part of an attempt to vitalize service industry, but is facing fierce opposition from KMA. Practice of telemedicine requires sufficient discussions among related parties. Although the participation of medical specialists is important, agreement from the public is essential. METHODS: Three main tertiary care centers in Seoul were selected for data collection...
April 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609728/the-risk-of-fatigue-and-sleepiness-in-the-ridesharing-industry-an-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-position-statement
#4
Michael Berneking, Ilene M Rosen, Douglas B Kirsch, Ronald D Chervin, Kelly A Carden, Kannan Ramar, R Nisha Aurora, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Jennifer L Martin, Eric J Olson, Carol L Rosen, James A Rowley, Indira Gurubhagavatula
The ridesharing-or ride-hailing-industry has grown exponentially in recent years, transforming quickly into a fee-for-service, unregulated taxi industry. While riders are experiencing the benefits of convenience and affordability, two key regulatory and safety issues deserve consideration. First, individuals who work as drivers in the ridesharing industry are often employed in a primary job, and they work as drivers during their "off" time. Such a schedule may lead to driving after extended periods of wakefulness or during nights, both of which are factors that increase the risk of drowsy driving accidents...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553422/publication-patterns-on-occupied-palestine-in-four-key-medical-journals-1990-2016-a-descriptive-study
#5
Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The atrocities in Syria have been covered in the four general medical weekly journals in the USA and the UK. Medical journal articles addressing political determinants of public health have rightly described and criticised the international community's failure to enforce humanitarian law while urging global bodies of power to ensure protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure and medical services. Discussions of the political influences on health of people in the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip) seem to be considered politically out-of-bounds by some medical journals...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401198/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-sex-and-age-on-upper-and-lower-body-power-for-law-enforcement-agency-recruits-prior-to-academy-training
#6
Robert G Lockie, J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Michael Stierli, Joseph M Dulla, Ashley J Orjalo
Power is an important characteristic for law enforcement officers. Tasks such as carrying or dragging a civilian to safety, jumping or vaulting, and suspect restraint and pursuit, require power to be effective. Certain recruits may be lacking in these qualities even if they have been accepted to a law enforcement agency (LEA). This study investigated upper- and lower-body power in male and female LEA recruits, and recruits of different ages, prior to academy training. Retrospective analysis of recruit data from one LEA was conducted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336958/prehospital-emergencies-in-illegal-gold-mining-sites-in-french-guiana
#7
Gérald Egmann, Pierre Tattevin, Renaud Palancade, Matthieu Nacher
INTRODUCTION: Illegal gold mining is flourishing in French Guiana, existing outside the law due to both the high cost of gold mining permits and the challenges of law enforcement within the Amazon forest. We report the characteristics of, and the medical responses to, medical emergencies in illegal gold mining sites. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all medical emergencies reported from illegal gold mining sites to the centralized call office of SAMU 973 from 1998 through 2000 and from 2008 through 2010...
March 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216523/use-of-synthetic-stimulants-and-hallucinogens-in-a-cohort-of-electronic-dance-music-festival-attendees
#8
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169340/situational-analysis-of-antibiotic-use-and-resistance-in-ghana-policy-and-regulation
#9
Saviour Kwame Yevutsey, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Moses Aikins, Berko Panyin Anto, Richard B Biritwum, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. However, indiscriminate use and unrestricted access is contributing to the emergence of bacterial resistance. This paper reports on a situational analysis of antimicrobial use and resistance in Ghana, with focus on policy and regulation. METHODS: Relevant policy documents, reports, regulations and enactments were reviewed. PubMed and Google search engines were used to extract relevant published papers...
November 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068620/inspections-of-x-ray-use-in-dental-practices-and-common-regulatory-violations
#10
Lisa Russell
Dental X-ray machine inspections are conducted by the California Department of Public Health’s Radiologic Health Branch (RHB). RHB’s mission is to protect public health and safety throughout California by ensuring the safe use of radiologic equipment and materials within industry, medicine and research, preventing radiologic health hazards and educating and enforcing applicable state and federal radiation laws and regulations.
April 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#11
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#12
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914268/impact-of-hipaa-s-minimum-necessary-standard-on-genomic-data-sharing
#13
Barbara J Evans, Gail P Jarvik
This article provides a brief introduction to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy Rule's minimum necessary standard, which applies to sharing of genomic data, particularly clinical data, following 2013 Privacy Rule revisions. This research used the Thomson Reuters Westlaw database and law library resources in its legal analysis of the HIPAA privacy tiers and the impact of the minimum necessary standard on genomic data sharing. We considered relevant example cases of genomic data-sharing needs...
April 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882155/barriers-to-retention-in-methadone-maintenance-therapy-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Kanna Hayashi, Lianping Ti, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Paisan Suwannawong, Karyn Kaplan, Will Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is a mainstay for treating opioid use disorder and preventing and managing HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). While previous research suggested low dosing of methadone and high rates of discontinuation of MMT among PWID in Thailand, little is known about patients' lived experiences with MMT in this setting. Therefore, we conducted a mixed-methods study to examine barriers to retention in MMT among PWID in Bangkok, Thailand, with particular attention to methadone dosing...
September 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833852/pharmacist-awareness-and-views-towards-counterfeit-medicine-in-lebanon
#15
Lydia Sholy, Paul Gard, Sian Williams, Angela MacAdam
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists, as healthcare professionals, have patients' well-being and safety as their primary concern. However, the safety and efficacy of treatments may be compromised by the availability of counterfeit medicine (CFM) which could have serious consequences for public health. OBJECTIVES: To assess pharmacist awareness and views towards CFM in Lebanon. METHODS: The study used convenience sampling and selected pharmacists based on their willingness to participate and used a questionnaire as a tool to determine their experiences and views towards CFM...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689643/suicide-means-among-decedents-aged-50-years-2005-2014-trends-and-associations-with-sociodemographic-and-precipitating-factors
#16
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Mark S Kaplan, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: To examine 1) temporal trends between 2005 and 2014 in the three most frequently used suicide means (firearms, hanging/suffocation, alcohol/drug/medicine overdose) by decedents aged 50+ years and 2) associations of suicide means with sociodemographic and precipitating factors. METHODS: The National Violent Death Reporting System, 2005-2014, provided data (N = 46,857). Suicide means were identified from ICD-10 codes for underlying cause of death and coroner/medical examiner (CME) reports...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630556/how-drug-control-policy-and-practice-undermine-access-to-controlled-medicines
#17
Naomi Burke-Shyne, Joanne Csete, Duncan Wilson, Edward Fox, Daniel Wolfe, Jennifer J K Rasanathan
Drug conventions serve as the cornerstone for domestic drug laws and impose a dual obligation upon states to prevent the misuse of controlled substances while ensuring their adequate availability for medical and scientific purposes. Despite the mandate that these obligations be enforced equally, the dominant paradigm enshrined in the drug conventions is an enforcement-heavy criminal justice response to controlled substances that prohibits and penalizes their misuse. Prioritizing restrictive control is to the detriment of ensuring adequate availability of and access to controlled medicines, thereby violating the rights of people who need them...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616436/initiatives-to-reduce-nonprescription-sales-and-dispensing-of-antibiotics-findings-and-implications
#18
Vanda Marković-Peković, Nataša Grubiša, Johanita Burger, Ljubica Bojanić, Brian Godman
OBJECTIVE: Irrational use of antimicrobials is a major driver of antimicrobial resistance, exacerbated by dispensing antibiotics without a prescription. Our previous study suggested this was a problem in the Republic of Srpska despite legislation. Since then, a number of activities have been initiated. Consequently, the study aimed to ascertain whether these multiple initiatives had reduced this. METHODS: Patients visiting all community pharmacies in the Republic from October 2014 to July 2015 presenting with symptoms typical of an acute, viral, and mostly uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection, with results compared to the previous study...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538338/supporting-a-culture-of-evidence-based-policy-federal-funding-for-public-health-law-evaluation-research-1985-2014
#19
Jennifer K Ibrahim, Aaron A Sorensen, Heidi Grunwald, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: Law powerfully influences health and can be a critical tool for promoting population well-being. Evaluation research is needed to measure the health effects of law and guide policy making and implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for scientific public health law research (PHLR). METHODS: Using data from the UberResearch NIH grant repository, we collected and coded all grants with a focus on health law between FY'85 and FY'14 and then analyzed the grants by funding agency and topic areas...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521917/the-global-health-law-trilogy-towards-a-safer-healthier-and-fairer-world
#20
Lawrence O Gostin, Mary Clare DeBartolo, Rebecca Katz
Global health advocates often turn to medicine and science for solutions to enduring health risks, but law is also a powerful tool. No state acting alone can ward off health threats that span borders, requiring international solutions. A trilogy of global health law-the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, International Health Regulations (2005), and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework-strives for a safer, healthier, and fairer world. Yet, these international agreements are not well understood, and contain gaps in scope and enforceability...
May 15, 2017: Lancet
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