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neuropsychiatric presentation

Jung Sook Yeom, Chung Mo Koo, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli . The patient was admitted with a high fever, and she was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis based on pyuria and the results of urine culture, which detected cefotaxime-sensitive E. coli . Although intravenous cefotaxime and tobramycin were administered, her fever persisted and her C-reactive protein level increased to 307 mg/L. On day 3 of admission, she demonstrated abnormal neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as delirium, ataxia, and word salad...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Francesco Comacchio, M Ricca, G Martini, V Cecchin, Maria Elisabetta Zannin
A 14-year-old male teen presented with unilateral episcleritis, unresponsive to topical and systemic corticosteroid therapy, without a history of ocular trauma or evidence for systemic diseases. The presence of foreign bodies in the conjunctival mucus of the hyperemic fornix has been noticed during one of the follow-up examinations. The toxicological analysis of conjunctival mucus revealed the presence of ethylene glycolmonomethyl ether and triethilene glicolebuthyl ether, used as solvents in nail polish removers and all-purpose cleaners...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Chunxiao Qi, Xiaoming Ji, Guoliang Zhang, Yunxiao Kang, Yuanxiang Huang, Rui Cui, Shuangcheng Li, Huixian Cui, Geming Shi
The purpose of present study was to infer the potential effects of testosterone increase in some male-based childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, such as Tourette syndrome. Thus, the influence of early postnatal androgen exposure upon the neurobehaviors and its possible neural basis were investigated in the study. Male pup rats received consecutive 14-day testosterone propionate (TP) subcutaneous injection from postnatal day (PND) 7. The TP treatment produced the hyperactive motor behavior and grooming behavior as well as the increased levels of dopamine, tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter in the mesodopaminergic system and the elevated levels of serotonin in the nucleus accumbens, without affecting the levels of glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid, norepinephrine and histamine in the caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens of PND21 and PND49 rats...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
Inga Griskova-Bulanova, Evaldas Pipinis, Aleksandras Voicikas, Thomas Koenig
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are increasingly used in research of neuropsychiatric disorders and for brain-computer interface applications. However, results on attentional modulation of ASSRs are inconclusive. The evaluation of large-scale effects of task-related modulation on ASSRs might give better estimation of the induced changes. The aim of the study was to test global field synchronization - a reference-independent evaluation of the amount of phase-locking among all active regions at a given frequency - during tasks differing in attentional demands to 40 Hz auditory stimulation...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Ki Jin Kim, Sang Nam Lee, Bong Hyo Lee
RATIONALE: Morphine is a representative pain killer. However, repeated use tends to induce addiction. Music therapy has been gaining interest as a useful type of therapy for neuropsychiatric diseases. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined whether Korean traditional music (KT) could suppress morphine-seeking behavior and anxiety-like behavior induced by extinction from chronic morphine use and additionally investigated a possible neuronal mechanism. MATERIAL & METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to intravenously self-administer morphine hydrochloride (1...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Marina Flotats-Bastardas, Daniel Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Ludwig Gortner, Martin Poryo, Michael Zemlin, Alfons Macaya-Ruiz, Sascha Meyer
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disease with a significant morbidity and mortality. We conducted a retrospective analysis of two cohorts (Vall d'Hebron University Hospital [HVH], Barcelona, Spain, 1982-2015, and at Saarland University Medical Center [UKS], Homburg, Germany, 1998-2015) to assess prevalence and treatment of TSC associated manifestations and to evaluate if the follow-up was in line with published recommendations. This was considered if more than 15% of patients did not receive adequate examination with regard to potential organ involvement...
March 20, 2018: Neuropediatrics
Zbigniew Zdrojewski
Recognizing the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in patients with lupus (SLE) can be difficult and therefore underestimated. Detection of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in each patient with SLE should be done as a rule. Introduction of the new classification criteria of this syndrome will certainly improve the recognition of APS in the future. The Sapporo APS classification criteria (1998) were replaced by the Sydney criteria in 2006. Based on the most recent criteria, classification with APS requires one clinical and one laboratory manifestation...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Maria Jose Catalan, Jose Antonio Molina-Arjona, Pablo Mir, Esther Cubo, Jose Matias Arbelo, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Impulse control behaviors are a frequent comorbidity for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) therapy on impulse control disorders (ICDs) in patients with advanced PD. We conducted a multicenter, observational, and prospective (6 months follow-up) study that included consecutive PD patients assigned to LCIG through routine medical practice. Patients completed visits at baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy procedure...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Neurology
A Newman-Tancredi, L Bardin, A Auclair, F Colpaert, R Depoortère, M A Varney
NLX-112 (a.k.a. F13640 or befiradol) possesses marked activity in a variety of animal models of pain and of neuropsychiatric disorders; it exhibits nanomolar affinity, exceptional selectivity and high agonist efficacy at 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (5-HT1A ) receptors. Although NLX-112 has been shown to activate 5-HT1A postsynaptic heteroreceptors in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), a brain region involved in the control of depressive states, the influence of NLX-112 on spinal cord 5-HT1A receptors (implicated in the control of pain) has not been described...
March 16, 2018: Brain Research
Xin Xu, Cheuk Ni Kan, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, M Kamran Ikram, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances were found to be associated with more behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPS) in early patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, data on preclinical stages of dementia are lacking. Hence, the present study sought to investigate the association between sleep disturbances and BPS in dementia-free elderly with varying severity of cognitive impairment in an Asian sample. METHODS: Community-living elderly were recruited and administered a comprehensive cognitive battery (vascular dementia battery [VDB]) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory to assess symptoms of sleep disturbances and BPS...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Shabnum Ara, Showkat Shah, Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Altaf Paul, Zahoor Wagay, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
The present study aimed to culturally adapt, translate, and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire-Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Checklist (HTQ-16) prior to use in a cross-sectional mental health population survey in the Kashmir Valley. Cultural adaptation and translation of the HSCL-25 and the HTQ-16 employed multiple forms of transcultural validity check. The HSCL-25 and HTQ-16 were compared against a "gold standard" structured psychiatric interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Thomas Papouin, Philip G Haydon
D-serine is an atypical amino acid present in the mammalian body (most amino acids in the mammalian body are L-isomers) that is mostly known in neuroscience for its role as a co-agonist controlling the N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). D-serine levels are decreased in patients with schizophrenia and this is thought to mediate, at least in part, the hypofunction of NMDARs that is central to the glutamate hypothesis for the etiology of this neuropsychiatric disorder. D-serine detection was first established using high performance liquid chromatography, a costly and complex technique that requires high levels of expertise...
January 20, 2018: Bio-protocol
Jiangyan Xia, Zhen Lu, Shanwu Feng, Jianjun Yang, Muhuo Ji
Stressful life events are thought to be triggering factors of numerous neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety and depression. However, the interactions between chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and immune stimulation have not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge at different time points on CUMS-induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. At 1 day before, 18 or 35 days following the initial of CUMS, mice were intraperitoneally given a single LPS (0...
March 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Debbie C Hocking, Serafino G Mancuso, Suresh Sundram
BACKGROUND: There is no screening tool for major depressive disorder (MDD) or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in asylum-seekers or refugees (ASR) that can be readily administered by non-mental health workers. Hence, we aimed to develop a brief, sensitive and rapidly administrable tool for non-mental health workers to screen for MDD and PTSD in ASR. METHODS: The screening tool was developed from an extant dataset (n = 121) of multiply screened ASR and tested prospectively (N = 192) against the M...
March 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Cristan Farmer, Margo Thienemann, Collin Leibold, Gabrielle Kamalani, Bethany Sauls, Jennifer Frankovich
Objectives: To establish the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) in patients with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), which is characterized by the abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or restricted eating and at least two additional psychiatric symptoms. Parents of patients with PANS have reported high caregiver burden. However, no validated instrument of burden exists for this population. Methods: Study took place at a community-based PANS clinic where the CBI is administered as part of routine clinical care...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Zoë W Hawks, Natasha Marrus, Anne L Glowinski, John N Constantino
Previous research has suggested that behavioral comorbidity is the rule rather than the exception in autism. The present study aimed to trace the respective origins of autistic and general psychopathologic traits-and their association-to infancy. Measurements of autistic traits and early liability for general psychopathology were assessed in 314 twins at 18 months, ascertained from the general population using birth records. 222 twins were re-evaluated at 36 months. Standardized ratings of variation in social communication at 18 months were highly heritable and strongly predicted autistic trait scores at 36 months...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jeroen Gielen, Wietse Wiels, Jeroen Van Schependom, Jorne Laton, Wim Van Hecke, Paul M Parizel, Marie Beatrice D'hooghe, Guy Nagels
INTRODUCTION: The paced serial addition test (PSAT) is regularly used to assess cognitive deficits in various neuropsychiatric conditions. Being a complex test, it reflects the status of multiple cognitive domains such as working memory, information processing speed and executive functioning. Two versions of the PSAT exist. One uses auditory stimuli through spoken numbers and is known as the PASAT, while the other one presents patients with visual stimuli and is called PVSAT. The PASAT is considered more frustrating by patients, and hence the visual version is usually preferred...
2018: PloS One
Meghan Gilley, Jeffrey Brent, Diane P Calello, Paul Wax, Yaron Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical picture and management of synthetic cannabinoid exposure in a cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Using the 45 participating sites of the Toxicology Investigators Consortium Registry, a North American database, we conducted an observational study of a prospectively collected cohort. We identified all adolescent (12-19 years) cases of synthetic cannabinoid exposure who have received medical toxicology consultation between January 2012 and December 2016...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Daphne Stam, Yun-An Huang, Jan Van den Stock
Personality reflects the set of psychological traits and mechanisms characteristic for an individual. Geno-neuro-biologically inspired personality accounts have proposed a set of temperaments and characters that jointly compose personality profiles. The present study addresses the link between neurobiology and personality and investigates the association between temperament traits and regional gray matter volume. Furthermore, the specificity of these associations as well as the underlying components that drive the association are addressed...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ruhsen Öcal, Serkan Öcal, Mahir Kırnap, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Wilson disease is an autosomal, recessive, inherited disorder of copper metabolism that results in the accumulation of copper in many organs and tissues. This disease is mainly characterized by dysfunction due to copper accumulation in the liver, kidney, brain, cornea, bone, heart, and blood cells. The clinical spectrum is broad in Wilson disease. Asymptomatic Wilson disease may be present, but findings related to the involvement of an individual organ or multiple organ failure can be seen...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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