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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147139/insights-into-the-management-of-wilson-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Mohmadshakil Kathawala, Gideon M Hirschfield
Wilson's disease is a rare, inherited autosomal recessive disease of copper metabolism, in which the causative gene, ATP7B, results in absent or reduced function of the ATP7B transporter important for biliary excretion of copper and incorporation of copper into caeruloplasmin. Affected patients accumulate excessive copper within the liver, brain and other tissues. A disease mainly of children, adolescents and young adults; clinical features vary from the asymptomatic state to chronic liver disease, acute liver failure, and neuropsychiatric manifestations...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125499/mast-cells-in-the-brain%C3%A2-old-cells-new-target
#2
Giovanna Traina
Mast cells (MCs) are mainly known for their involvement on allergic reactions through degranulation and release of vasoactive, inflammatory and nociceptive mediators. Upon encountering an allergen, MCs are first responders, true sensors of the environment, actually they respond to a wide range of "danger" signals both immunological and non-immunological in rapid and selective manner. They secrete both preformed and newly synthesized mediators acting as effectors in relationship between nervous, vascular and immune systems...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104810/management-of-psychosis-in-parkinson-s-disease-emphasizing-clinical-subtypes-and-pathophysiological-mechanisms-of-the-condition
#3
REVIEW
Raquel N Taddei, Seyda Cankaya, Sandeep Dhaliwal, K Ray Chaudhuri
Investigation into neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) is sparse and current drug development is mainly focused on the motor aspect of PD. The tight association of psychosis with an impaired quality of life in PD, together with an important underreporting of this comorbid condition, contributes to its actual insufficient assessment and management. Furthermore, the withdrawal from access to readily available treatment interventions is unacceptable and has an impact on PD prognosis. Despite its impact, to date no standardized guidelines to the adequate management of PD psychosis are available and they are therefore highly needed...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#4
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099544/catatonia-update
#5
Kanwarjeet Brar, Sachin S Kaushik, Steven Lippmann
Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by physical presentations ranging from profound immobility to excessive motor activity. Emotional aspects of catatonia vary clinically between psychomotor retardation and extreme excitability. In the past, catatonia was considered to be a variant of schizophrenia. However, the disorder actually occurs as a clinical expression of many different psychiatric, neurologic, or medical diagnoses. A prompt diagnostic evaluation should identify any underlying diseases with consideration of somatic pathologies, especially those affecting central nervous system function...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064807/-central-nervous-system-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-diagnosis-and-therapy
#6
Magdalena Szmyrka
Nervous system involvement in lupus belongs to its severe complications and significantly impacts its prognosis. Neuropsychiatric lupus includes 19 disease manifestations concerning both central and peripheral nervous system. This paper presents clinical aspects of central nervous system involvement in lupus. It reviews its epidemiology, risk factors and principles of diagnosis and therapy.
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037340/-neuropsychiatry-of-movement-disorders
#7
Juan Manuel Orjuela-Rojas, Gustavo Adolfo Barrios Vincos, Melisa Alejandra Martínez Gallego
Movement disorders can be defined as neurological syndromes presenting with excessive or diminished automatic or voluntary movements not related to weakness or spasticity. Both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD) are well-known examples of these syndromes. The high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, hallucinations, delusions, impulsivity, sleep disorders, apathy and cognitive impairment mean that these conditions must be regarded as neuropsychiatric diseases...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037336/neuropsychiatry-towards-a-philosophy-of-praxis
#8
Jesús Ramirez-Bermudez, Rodrigo Perez-Esparza, Luis Carlos Aguilar-Venegas, Perminder Sachdev
Neuropsychiatry is a specialized clinical, academic and scientific discipline with its field located in the borderland territory between neurology and psychiatry. In this article, we approach the theoretical definition of neuropsychiatry, and in order to address the practical aspects of the discipline, we describe the profile of a neuropsychiatric liaison service in the setting of a large hospital for neurological diseases in a middle-income country. An audit of consecutive in-patients requiring neuropsychiatric assessment at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico is reported, comprising a total of 1212 patients...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#9
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994786/touchscreen-sustained-attention-task-sat-for-rats
#10
Debra A Bangasser, Brittany Wicks, David E Waxler, Samantha R Eck
Sustained attention is the ability to monitor intermittent and unpredictable events over a prolonged period of time. This attentional process subserves other aspects of cognition and is disrupted in certain neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric, and neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, it is clinically important to identify mechanisms that impair and improve sustained attention. Such mechanisms are often first discovered using rodent models. Therefore, several behavior procedures for testing aspects of sustained attention have been developed for rodents...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987462/the-developing-utility-of-zebrafish-models-of-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Barbara D Fontana, Nathana J Mezzomo, Allan V Kalueff, Denis B Rosemberg
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have become a powerful tool in neuroscience research due to their genetic tractability, molecular/physiological conservation, small body size, ease of experimental manipulations in vivo, and rich behavioral repertoire. Zebrafish models and tests are particularly useful in genetics research, neurophenotyping, CNS drug screening, as well as in modeling complex neurological and psychiatric disorders. Here, we discuss selected examples of successful application of zebrafish models to mimicking various aspects of brain pathology, and emphasize their developing utility for studying the underlying molecular and genetic mechanisms...
October 5, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984590/disinhibition-in-alzheimer-s-disease-is%C3%A2-associated-with-reduced-right-frontal-pole-cortical-thickness
#12
Elizabeth Finger, Jing Zhang, Bradford Dickerson, Yves Bureau, Mario Masellis
Neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease are among the most disabling and difficult aspects for caregivers and treating health professionals to manage. Despite the high prevalence of these behaviors, little is known about the factors which lead some patients to develop florid behavioral symptoms while others may progress to severe dementia without such phenomenon. We examined whether regional brain volumes as measured by cortical thickness would predict the presence or absence of disinhibition in patients with Alzheimer's disease...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961886/the-neuropsychology-of-huntington-s-disease
#13
Julie S Snowden
Huntington's disease is an inherited, degenerative brain disease, characterized by involuntary movements, cognitive disorder and neuropsychiatric change. Men and women are affected equally. Symptoms emerge at around 40 years, although there is wide variation. A rare juvenile form has onset in childhood or adolescence. The evolution of disease is insidious and structural and functional brain changes may be present more than a decade before symptoms and signs become manifest. The earliest site of pathology is the striatum and neuroimaging measures of striatal change correlate with neurological and cognitive markers of disease...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961692/the-neuropsychology-broadly-conceived-of-multiple-system-atrophy-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-corticobasal-degeneration
#14
Adam Gerstenecker
Objective: To review the cognitive and behavioral features of the different atypical parkinsonian syndromes in which motor symptoms dominate early clinical symptomology: multiple systems atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). The impact of cognitive and behavioral deficits on quality of life, associations between neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric findings and brain imaging, and cognitive and behavioral symptom management are also discussed...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942747/prevalence-correlates-and-impact-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorder-in-cancer-findings-from-a-multicenter-study
#15
Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Eun-Seung Yu, Ha Kyoung Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Jong-Chul Yang, Jong-Heun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the prevalence, correlates, and association of depressive and anxiety disorders with quality of life (QoL) and such other outcomes as the need for psychosocial services in cancer patients. METHOD: A total of 400 patients participated in a multicenter survey involving five cancer centers located throughout Korea. The Short-Form Health Survey, the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory, the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MINI-MAC), and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview were administered...
September 25, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940018/assessment-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-performance-for-the-diagnosis-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
REVIEW
Eduardo de Almeida Macêdo, Simone Appenzeller, Lilian Tereza Lavras Costallat
Neuropsychiatric lupus (NPSLE) is described in 12-95% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anxiety disorders are among the most frequent manifestations of NPSLE, occurring in 4-85% of these patients. Several diagnostic tools, such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), have been used to assess anxiety in clinical studies in SLE, but there is a lack of data on the performance of these questionnaires in the disease. This study aimed to assess the performance of HADS for the detection of anxiety in male and female patients with SLE, also investigating possible gender differences in this aspect...
December 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914089/art-museum-based-intervention-to-promote-emotional-well-being-and-improve-quality-of-life-in-people-with-dementia-the-artemis-project
#17
Arthur Schall, Valentina A Tesky, Ann-Katrin Adams, Johannes Pantel
ARTEMIS (ART Encounters: Museum Intervention Study) is an art-based intervention designed especially for people with dementia and their care partners that involves a combination of museum visits and artistic activity. This paper reports the results of a randomized wait-list controlled study on the influence of the ARTEMIS intervention on the emotional state, well-being, and quality of life of dementia patients. People with mild-to-moderate dementia (n = 44) and their care partners (n = 44) visited the Frankfurt Städel Museum once a week on six pre-arranged occasions...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904568/pediatric-autoimmune-encephalitis
#18
REVIEW
Massimo Barbagallo, Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Catia Romano, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
Autoimmune (antibody mediated) encephalitis (AE) is emerging as a more common cause of pediatric encephalopathy than previously thought. The autoimmune process may be triggered by an infection, vaccine, or occult neoplasm. In the latter case, onconeural autoantibodies are directed against intracellular neuronal antigens, but a recent heterogeneous group of encephalitic syndromes has been found not to have underlying tumor but is associated with autoantibodies to the neuronal surface or synaptic antigens. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are very common in autoimmune encephalopathy; as a result, affected children may be initially present to psychiatrists...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888969/mtor-related-neuropathology-in-mutant-tsc2-zebrafish-phenotypic-transcriptomic-and-pharmacological-analysis
#19
Chloë Scheldeman, James D Mills, Aleksandra Siekierska, Ines Serra, Daniëlle Copmans, Anand M Iyer, Benjamin J Whalley, Jan Maes, Anna C Jansen, Lieven Lagae, Eleonora Aronica, Peter A M de Witte
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare, genetic disease caused by loss-of-function mutations in either TSC1 or TSC2. Patients with TSC are neurologically characterized by the presence of abnormal brain structure, intractable epilepsy and TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders. Given the lack of effective long-term treatments for TSC, there is a need to gain greater insight into TSC-related pathophysiology and to identify and develop new treatments. In this work we show that homozygous tsc2(-/-) mutant zebrafish larvae, but not tsc2(+/-) and WT larvae, display enlarged brains, reduced locomotor behavior and epileptiform discharges at 7dpf...
September 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867424/psychosocial-and-behavioral-factors-in-acetaminophen-related-acute-liver-failure-and-liver-injury
#20
Carla Pezzia, Corron Sanders, Suzanne Welch, Angela Bowling, William M Lee
OBJECTIVES: Acetaminophen overdoses result in nearly 500 deaths annually and a much larger number of hospitalizations. Suicidal overdoses are exceeded in number in the United States by unintentional overdoses. We evaluated clinical, demographic and psychosocial factors among unintentional and intentional overdose patients whose acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity had resulted in acute liver failure. We hypothesized that APAP overdose patients would be more likely to suffer from behavioral health issues and display higher impulsivity scores than the general population...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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