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catherine park

Seong-Won Min, Yung Suk Kim, Francis Sahngun Nahm, Da Hye Yoo, Eunjoo Choi, Pyung-Bok Lee, Hyunjung Choo, Zee-Yong Park, Catherine Seonghee Yang
Laboratory tests for herpes zoster (HZ) are required to confirm varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection, especially when a skin lesion is not typical or apparent. The serological test for VZV IgM antibody is simple and cost-effective; however, the change in the VZV IgM-positive rate over the time course of the disease has not been investigated. Therefore, we conducted an observational study to evaluate the positive rate of VZV IgM results during the time course of HZ and estimate the VZV IgM-positive period...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tae Won Kim, Anneli Elme, Zvonko Kusic, Joon Oh Park, Anghel Adrian Udrea, Sun Young Kim, Joong Bae Ahn, Ricardo Villalobos Valencia, Srinivasan Krishnan, Ante Bilic, Nebojsa Manojlovic, Jun Dong, Xuesong Guan, Catherine Lofton-Day, A Scott Jung, Eduard Vrdoljak
BACKGROUND: We assessed the treatment effect of panitumumab plus best supportive care (BSC) vs BSC on overall survival (OS) in patients with chemorefractory wild-type KRAS exon 2 metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and report the first prospective extended RAS analysis in a phase 3 trial. METHODS: Patients with wild-type KRAS exon 2 mCRC were randomised 1 : 1 to panitumumab (6 mg kg(-1) Q2W) plus BSC or BSC. On-study crossover was prohibited. RAS mutation status was determined by central laboratory testing...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Ruth Dolado, Catherine Cooke, Francesc S Beltran
For group-living primates, social organization hinges upon multiple factors, including group size, group cohesion, and the group's age and sex composition. Fission-fusion dynamics reduce the risks of living in a large group, which can include feeding competition related to the seasonality of resources. Here we report on the group dynamics (i.e. formation of parties) of a population of red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus) located in Sentier Nature forest, South Loango National Park, Gabon, and examine the role of fruit availability in episodes of fission-fusion and shifting range use during the peak fruiting season of 2014...
October 12, 2016: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
Christopher I Amos, Joe Dennis, Zhaoming Wang, Jinyoung Byun, Fredrick R Schumacher, Simon A Gayther, Graham Casey, David J Hunter, Thomas A Sellers, Stephen B Gruber, Alison M Dunning, Kyriaki Michailidou, Laura Fachal, Kimberly Doheny, Amanda B Spurdle, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jane Romm, Elizabeth Pugh, Gerhard A Coetzee, Dennis J Hazelett, Stig E Bojesen, Charlisse Caga-Anan, Christopher A Haiman, Ahsan Kamal, Craig Luccarini, Daniel Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Francois Bacot, David J Van Den Berg, Stefanie Nelson, Stephen Demetriades, David E Goldgar, Fergus J Couch, Judith L Forman, Graham G Giles, David V Conti, Heike Bickeböller, Angela Risch, Melanie Waldenberger, Irene Brüske-Hohlfeld, Belynda D Hicks, Hua Ling, Lesley McGuffog, Andrew Lee, Karoline Kuchenbaecker, Penny Soucy, Judith Manz, Julie M Cunningham, Katja Butterbach, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Peter Kraft, Liesel FitzGerald, Sara Lindstrom, Marcia Adams, James D McKay, Catherine M Phelan, Sara Benlloch, Linda E Kelemen, Paul Brennan, Marjorie Riggan, Tracy A O'Mara, Hongbing Shen, Yong-Yong Shi, Deborah J Thompson, Marc T Goodman, Sune F Nielsen, Andrew Berchuck, Sylvie Laboissiere, Stephanie L Schmit, Tameka Shelford, Christopher K Edlund, Jack A Taylor, John Kirkpatrick Field, Sue K Park, Kenneth Offit, Mads Thomassen, Rita Schmutzler, Laura Ottini, Rayjean J Hung, Jonathan Marchini, Ali Amin Al Olama, Ulrike Peters, Rosalind A Eeles, Michael F Seldin, Elizabeth Gillanders, Daniela Seminara, Antonis C Antoniou, Paul D P Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Stephen J Chanock, Jacques Simard, Douglas F Easton
BACKGROUND: Common cancers develop through a multistep process often including inherited susceptibility. Collaboration among multiple institutions, and funding from multiple sources, has allowed the development of an inexpensive genotyping microarray, the OncoArray. The array includes a genome-wide backbone, comprising 230,000 SNPs tagging most common genetic variants, together with dense mapping of known susceptibility regions, rare variants from sequencing experiments, pharmacogenetic markers and cancer related traits...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Eluned C Price, Catherine Payne, Dominic Wormell
Diurnal primates typically give birth at night, when it is presumed that they are safer at a very vulnerable time, and this is reflected in an overwhelmingly nocturnal pattern of delivery in most species of Callitrichidae. However, over half (51.1%) of 88 births to pied tamarins (Saguinus bicolor) at Durrell Wildlife Park occurred during the day (0800-1700), almost always in the afternoon. Nearly three quarters of breeding females (17/23) had at least one diurnal birth, including females from all generations in captivity from wild-caught to fifth captive-born generation, and from all six matrilines represented at Durrell...
September 29, 2016: Zoo Biology
Mark E Ridgeway, Jeremy J Wolff, Joshua A Silveira, Cheng Lin, Catherine E Costello, Melvin A Park
Analysis of molecules by ion mobility spectrometry coupled with mass spectrometry (IMS-MS) provides chemical information on the three dimensional structure and mass of the molecules. The coupling of ion mobility to trapping mass spectrometers has historically been challenging due to the large differences in analysis time between the two devices. In this paper we present a modification of the trapped ion mobility (TIMS) analysis scheme termed "Gated TIMS" that allows efficient coupling to a Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) analyzer...
September 2016: International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Ghayda Mirzaa, Andrew E Timms, Valerio Conti, Evan August Boyle, Katta M Girisha, Beth Martin, Martin Kircher, Carissa Olds, Jane Juusola, Sarah Collins, Kaylee Park, Melissa Carter, Ian Glass, Inge Krägeloh-Mann, David Chitayat, Aditi Shah Parikh, Rachael Bradshaw, Erin Torti, Stephen Braddock, Leah Burke, Sondhya Ghedia, Mark Stephan, Fiona Stewart, Chitra Prasad, Melanie Napier, Sulagna Saitta, Rachel Straussberg, Michael Gabbett, Bridget C O'Connor, Catherine E Keegan, Lim Jiin Yin, Angeline Hwei Meeng Lai, Nicole Martin, Margaret McKinnon, Marie-Claude Addor, Luigi Boccuto, Charles E Schwartz, Agustina Lanoel, Robert L Conway, Koenraad Devriendt, Katrina Tatton-Brown, Mary Ella Pierpont, Michael Painter, Lisa Worgan, James Reggin, Raoul Hennekam, Karen Tsuchiya, Colin C Pritchard, Mariana Aracena, Karen W Gripp, Maria Cordisco, Hilde Van Esch, Livia Garavelli, Cynthia Curry, Anne Goriely, Hulya Kayserilli, Jay Shendure, John Graham, Renzo Guerrini, William B Dobyns
Mosaicism is increasingly recognized as a cause of developmental disorders with the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS). Mosaic mutations of PIK3CA have been associated with the widest spectrum of phenotypes associated with overgrowth and vascular malformations. We performed targeted NGS using 2 independent deep-coverage methods that utilize molecular inversion probes and amplicon sequencing in a cohort of 241 samples from 181 individuals with brain and/or body overgrowth. We identified PIK3CA mutations in 60 individuals...
June 16, 2016: JCI Insight
Yoon Sik Choi, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Gyu Tae Park, Sook Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an upper limb rehabilitation robot therapy on hemispatial neglect in stroke patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into an upper limb rehabilitation robot treatment group (robot group) and a control group. The patients in the robot group received left upper limb training using an upper limb rehabilitation robot. The patients sat on the right side of the robot, so that the monitor of the robot was located on the patients' left side...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kate Lawrenson, Siddhartha Kar, Karen McCue, Karoline Kuchenbaeker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Tyrer, Jonathan Beesley, Susan J Ramus, Qiyuan Li, Melissa K Delgado, Janet M Lee, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Elisa V Bandera, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Andrew Berchuck, Maria Bisogna, Line Bjorge, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Natalia Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Fiona Bruinsma, Joan Brunet, Shaik Ahmad Buhari, Barbara Burwinkel, Ralf Butzow, Saundra S Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldes, Ian Campbell, Rikki Canniotto, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jocelyne Chiquette, Ji-Yeob Choi, Kathleen B M Claes, Linda S Cook, Angela Cox, Daniel W Cramer, Simon S Cross, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Hatef Darabi, Joe Dennis, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Jennifer A Doherty, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Martine Dumont, Hans Ehrencrona, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, Christoph Engel, Eunjung Lee, D Gareth Evans, Peter A Fasching, Lidia Feliubadalo, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lenka Foretova, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Brooke L Fridley, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Gaetana Gambino, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Montserrat García-Closas, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Rosalind Glasspool, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Ellen L Goode, Marc T Goodman, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A Haiman, Per Hall, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia A Harrington, Mikael Hartman, Norhashimah Hassan, Sue Healey, Florian Heitz, Josef Herzog, Estrid Høgdall, Claus K Høgdall, Frans B L Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, John L Hopper, Peter J Hulick, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Allan Jensen, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Miroslav Kapuscinski, Beth Y Karlan, Sofia Khan, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Susanne Kruger Kjaer, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Ava Kwong, Miguel de la Hoya, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Nhu Le, Kim De Leeneer, Jenny Lester, Douglas A Levine, Jingmei Li, Annika Lindblom, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jennifer T Loud, Karen Lu, Jan Lubinski, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Loic Le Marchand, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Leon F A G Massuger, Keitaro Matsuo, Sylvie Mazoyer, Lesley McGuffog, Catriona McLean, Iain McNeish, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Roger L Milne, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B Moysich, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L Nathanson, Roberta B Ness, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Silje Nord, Robert L Nussbaum, Kunle Odunsi, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Curtis Olswold, David O'Malley, Irene Orlow, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, Sue Kyung Park, Celeste L Pearce, Tanja Pejovic, Paolo Peterlongo, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Elizabeth M Poole, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Johanna Rantala, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Gad Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Kerstin Rhiem, Harvey A Risch, Gus Rodriguez, Mary Anne Rossing, Anja Rudolph, Helga B Salvesen, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Joellen M Schildkraut, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Thomas A Sellers, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Chen-Yang Shen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Weiva Sieh, Christian F Singer, Olga M Sinilnikova, Susan Slager, Honglin Song, Penny Soucy, Melissa C Southey, Marie Stenmark-Askmalm, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Christian Sutter, Anthony Swerdlow, Sandrine Tchatchou, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo H Teo, Kathryn L Terry, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Nadine Tung, Shelley S Tworoger, Celine Vachon, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Helena C van Doorn, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Laura J Van't Veer, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Ignace Vergote, Joseph Vijai, Qin Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Sook-Yee Yoon, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Wei Zheng, Ying Zheng, Kum Kum Khanna, Jacques Simard, Alvaro N Monteiro, Juliet D French, Fergus J Couch, Matthew L Freedman, Douglas F Easton, Alison M Dunning, Paul D Pharoah, Stacey L Edwards, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Simon A Gayther
A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. Here we analyse 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identify 13 candidate causal SNPs associated with serous OC (P=9.2 × 10(-20)), ER-negative BC (P=1.1 × 10(-13)), BRCA1-associated BC (P=7.7 × 10(-16)) and triple negative BC (P-diff=2 × 10(-5)). Genotype-gene expression associations are identified for candidate target genes ANKLE1 (P=2 × 10(-3)) and ABHD8 (P<2 × 10(-3))...
2016: Nature Communications
Robert E Gutman, Charles R Rardin, Eric R Sokol, Catherine Matthews, Amy J Park, Cheryl B Iglesia, Roxana Geoffrion, Andrew I Sokol, Mickey Karram, Geoffrey W Cundiff, Joan L Blomquist, Matthew D Barber
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in uterine conservation at the time of surgery for uterovaginal prolapse, but limited data compare different types of hysteropexy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare 1-year efficacy and safety of laparoscopic sacral hysteropexy and vaginal mesh hysteropexy. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, prospective parallel cohort study compared laparoscopic sacral hysteropexy to vaginal mesh hysteropexy at 8 institutions...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Melissa C Southey, David E Goldgar, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Fergus Couch, Marc Tischkowitz, William D Foulkes, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Tuomas Heikkinen, Heli Nevanlinna, John L Hopper, Thilo Dörk, Kathleen Bm Claes, Jorge Reis-Filho, Zhi Ling Teo, Paolo Radice, Irene Catucci, Paolo Peterlongo, Helen Tsimiklis, Fabrice A Odefrey, James G Dowty, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Frans B Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Jane Carpenter, Christine Clarke, Rodney J Scott, Peter A Fasching, Lothar Haeberle, Arif B Ekici, Matthias W Beckmann, Julian Peto, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Olivia Fletcher, Nichola Johnson, Manjeet K Bolla, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Michael J Kerin, Nicola Miller, Federik Marme, Barbara Burwinkel, Rongxi Yang, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Florence Menegaux, Marie Sanchez, Stig Bojesen, Sune F Nielsen, Henrik Flyger, Javier Benitez, M Pilar Zamora, Jose Ignacio Arias Perez, Primitiva Menéndez, Hoda Anton-Culver, Susan Neuhausen, Argyrios Ziogas, Christina A Clarke, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Christa Stegmaier, Hiltrud Brauch, Thomas Brüning, Yon-Dschun Ko, Taru A Muranen, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Natalia N Antonenkova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Vesa Kataja, Veli-Matti Kosma, Jaana M Hartikainen, Amanda B Spurdle, kConFab Investigators, Els Wauters, Dominiek Smeets, Benoit Beuselinck, Giuseppe Floris, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Petra Seibold, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Janet E Olson, Celine Vachon, Vernon S Pankratz, Catriona McLean, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Fredrick Schumacher, Loic Le Marchand, Vessela Kristensen, Grethe Grenaker Alnæs, Wei Zheng, David J Hunter, Sara Lindstrom, Susan E Hankinson, Peter Kraft, Irene Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Gord Glendon, Anna Marie Mulligan, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Mervi Grip, Saila Kauppila, Peter Devilee, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Caroline Seynaeve, Antoinette Hollestelle, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Stephen J Chanock, Jolanta Lissowska, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Mikael Eriksson, Diana M Eccles, Sajjad Rafiq, William J Tapper, Sue M Gerty, Maartje J Hooning, John W M Martens, J Margriet Collée, Madeleine Tilanus-Linthorst, Per Hall, Jingmei Li, Judith S Brand, Keith Humphreys, Angela Cox, Malcolm W R Reed, Craig Luccarini, Caroline Baynes, Alison M Dunning, Ute Hamann, Diana Torres, Hans Ulrich Ulmer, Thomas Rüdiger, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Katarzyna Jaworska, Katarzyna Durda, Susan Slager, Amanda E Toland, Christine B Ambrosone, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Anthony Swerdlow, Alan Ashworth, Nick Orr, Michael Jones, Anna González-Neira, Guillermo Pita, M Rosario Alonso, Nuria Álvarez, Daniel Herrero, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Francois Bacot, Jacques Simard, Martine Dumont, Penny Soucy, Rosalind Eeles, Kenneth Muir, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Maren Weischer, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Daniel J Schaid, Joseph L Kelley, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Katja Butterbach, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Stefan P Renner, Arndt Hartmann, Alexander Hein, Matthias Ruebner, Diether Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Sandrina Lambretchs, Jennifer A Doherty, Mary Anne Rossing, Stefan Nickels, Ursula Eilber, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Kunle Odunsi, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Grace Friel, Galina Lurie, Jeffrey L Killeen, Lynne R Wilkens, Marc T Goodman, Ingo Runnebaum, Peter A Hillemanns, Liisa M Pelttari, Ralf Butzow, Francesmary Modugno, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Kirsten B Moysich, Andreas du Bois, Florian Heitz, Philipp Harter, Stefan Kommoss, Beth Y Karlan, Christine Walsh, Jenny Lester, Allan Jensen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Estrid Høgdall, Bernard Peissel, Bernardo Bonanni, Loris Bernard, Ellen L Goode, Brooke L Fridley, Robert A Vierkant, Julie M Cunningham, Melissa C Larson, Zachary C Fogarty, Kimberly R Kalli, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Xifeng Wu, Douglas A Levine, Fanny Dao, Maria Bisogna, Andrew Berchuck, Edwin S Iversen, Jeffrey R Marks, Lucy Akushevich, Daniel W Cramer, Joellen Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Elizabeth M Poole, Meir Stampfer, Shelley S Tworoger, Elisa V Bandera, Irene Orlow, Sara H Olson, Line Bjorge, Helga B Salvesen, Anne M van Altena, Katja K H Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Yukie Bean, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, Bohdan Górski, Jacek Gronwald, Janusz Menkiszak, Claus K Høgdall, Lene Lundvall, Lotte Nedergaard, Svend Aage Engelholm, Ed Dicks, Jonathan Tyrer, Ian Campbell, Iain McNeish, James Paul, Nadeem Siddiqui, Rosalind Glasspool, Alice S Whittemore, Joseph H Rothstein, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Hui Cai, Xiao-Ou Shu, Rachel T Teten, Rebecca Sutphen, John R McLaughlin, Steven A Narod, Catherine M Phelan, Alvaro N Monteiro, David Fenstermacher, Hui-Yi Lin, Jennifer B Permuth, Thomas A Sellers, Y Ann Chen, Ya-Yu Tsai, Zhihua Chen, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Usha Menon, Anna H Wu, Celeste L Pearce, David Van Den Berg, Malcolm C Pike, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joanna Plisiecka-Halasa, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Paul Dp Pharoah, Honglin Song, Ingrid Winship, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Graham G Giles, Sean V Tavtigian, Doug F Easton, Roger L Milne
BACKGROUND: The rarity of mutations in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM make it difficult to estimate precisely associated cancer risks. Population-based family studies have provided evidence that at least some of these mutations are associated with breast cancer risk as high as those associated with rare BRCA2 mutations. We aimed to estimate the relative risks associated with specific rare variants in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM via a multicentre case-control study. METHODS: We genotyped 10 rare mutations using the custom iCOGS array: PALB2 c...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Sonja Marjanovic, Catherine A Lichten, Enora Robin, Sarah Parks, Emma Harte, Calum MacLure, Clare Walton, James Pickett
OBJECTIVES: To identify research support strategies likely to be effective for strengthening the UK's dementia research landscape and ensuring a sustainable and competitive workforce. DESIGN: Interviews and qualitative analysis; systematic internet search to track the careers of 1500 holders of UK doctoral degrees in dementia, awarded during 1970-2013, to examine retention in this research field and provide a proxy profile of the research workforce. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 40 interviewees based in the UK, whose primary role is or has been in dementia research (34 individuals), health or social care (3) or research funding (3)...
2016: BMJ Open
Kgaugelo Edward Lekota, Ayesha Hassim, Joseph Mafofo, Jasper Rees, Farai Catherine Muchadeyi, Henriette Van Heerden, Evelyn Madoroba
INTRODUCTION: Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax, a disease endemic in regions of Northern Cape Province and Kruger National Park of South Africa. Accurate identification of virulent B. anthracis is essential but challenging due to its close relationship with other members of B. cereus group. This study characterized B. anthracis and Bacillus species that were recovered from animals and the environment where animals died of anthrax symptoms in southern Africa using a polyphasic approach...
2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Yu Shin Kim, Michael Anderson, Kyoungsook Park, Qin Zheng, Amit Agarwal, Catherine Gong, Saijilafu, LeAnne Young, Shaoqiu He, Pamela Colleen LaVinka, Fengquan Zhou, Dwight Bergles, Menachem Hanani, Yun Guan, David C Spray, Xinzhong Dong
Primary sensory neurons in the DRG play an essential role in initiating pain by detecting painful stimuli in the periphery. Tissue injury can sensitize DRG neurons, causing heightened pain sensitivity, often leading to chronic pain. Despite the functional importance, how DRG neurons function at a population level is unclear due to the lack of suitable tools. Here we developed an imaging technique that allowed us to simultaneously monitor the activities of >1,600 neurons/DRG in live mice and discovered a striking neuronal coupling phenomenon that adjacent neurons tend to activate together following tissue injury...
September 7, 2016: Neuron
Seong-Won Min, Yung Suk Kim, Francis Sahngun Nahm, Da Hye Yoo, Eunjoo Choi, Pyung-Bok Lee, Hyunjung Choo, Zee-Yong Park, Catherine Seonghee Yang
Laboratory tests for herpes zoster (HZ) are required to confirm varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection, especially when a skin lesion is not typical or apparent. The serological test for VZV IgM antibody is simple and cost-effective; however, the change in the VZV IgM-positive rate over the time course of the disease has not been investigated. Therefore, we conducted an observational study to evaluate the positive rate of VZV IgM results during the time course of HZ and estimate the VZV IgM-positive period...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Volker M Lauschke, Sabine U Vorrink, Sabrina M L Moro, Fatemah Rezayee, Åsa Nordling, Delilah F G Hendriks, Catherine C Bell, Rowena Sison-Young, B Kevin Park, Christopher E Goldring, Ewa Ellis, Inger Johansson, Souren Mkrtchian, Tommy B Andersson, Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg
: Hepatocytes are dynamic cells that, upon injury, can alternate between nondividing differentiated and dedifferentiated proliferating states in vivo. However, in two-dimensional cultures, primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) rapidly dedifferentiate, resulting in loss of hepatic functions that significantly limits their usefulness as an in vitro model of liver biology, liver diseases, as well as drug metabolism and toxicity. Thus, understanding the underlying mechanisms and stalling of the dedifferentiation process would be highly beneficial to establish more-accurate and relevant long-term in vitro hepatocyte models...
August 17, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
In Young Park, Reid T Powell, Durga Nand Tripathi, Ruhee Dere, Thai H Ho, T Lynne Blasius, Yun-Chen Chiang, Ian J Davis, Catherine C Fahey, Kathryn E Hacker, Kristen J Verhey, Mark T Bedford, Eric Jonasch, W Kimryn Rathmell, Cheryl Lyn Walker
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of tubulin specify microtubules for specialized cellular functions and comprise what is termed a "tubulin code." PTMs of histones comprise an analogous "histone code," although the "readers, writers, and erasers" of the cytoskeleton and epigenome have heretofore been distinct. We show that methylation is a PTM of dynamic microtubules and that the histone methyltransferase SET-domain-containing 2 (SETD2), which is responsible for H3 lysine 36 trimethylation (H3K36me3) of histones, also methylates α-tubulin at lysine 40, the same lysine that is marked by acetylation on microtubules...
August 11, 2016: Cell
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Kelly R Evenson, Catherine Nagel, Thomas L McKenzie, Terry Marsh, Stephanie Williamson, Peter Harnik
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that the design of streets and sidewalks can influence physical activity among residents. Park features also influence park use and park-based physical activity. Although individuals can walk on streets and sidewalks, walking loops in parks offer a setting to walk in nature and to avoid interruptions from traffic. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of walking loops in parks and compare the number of park users and their physical activity in urban neighborhood parks with and without walking loops...
August 12, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Alejandro Sifrim, Marc-Phillip Hitz, Anna Wilsdon, Jeroen Breckpot, Saeed H Al Turki, Bernard Thienpont, Jeremy McRae, Tomas W Fitzgerald, Tarjinder Singh, Ganesh Jawahar Swaminathan, Elena Prigmore, Diana Rajan, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Siddharth Banka, Ulrike M M Bauer, Jamie Bentham, Felix Berger, Shoumo Bhattacharya, Frances Bu'Lock, Natalie Canham, Irina-Gabriela Colgiu, Catherine Cosgrove, Helen Cox, Ingo Daehnert, Allan Daly, John Danesh, Alan Fryer, Marc Gewillig, Emma Hobson, Kirstin Hoff, Tessa Homfray, Anne-Karin Kahlert, Ami Ketley, Hans-Heiner Kramer, Katherine Lachlan, Anne Katrin Lampe, Jacoba J Louw, Ashok Kumar Manickara, Dorin Manase, Karen P McCarthy, Kay Metcalfe, Carmel Moore, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Seham Osman Omer, Willem H Ouwehand, Soo-Mi Park, Michael J Parker, Thomas Pickardt, Martin O Pollard, Leema Robert, David J Roberts, Jennifer Sambrook, Kerry Setchfield, Brigitte Stiller, Chris Thornborough, Okan Toka, Hugh Watkins, Denise Williams, Michael Wright, Seema Mital, Piers E F Daubeney, Bernard Keavney, Judith Goodship, Riyadh Mahdi Abu-Sulaiman, Sabine Klaassen, Caroline F Wright, Helen V Firth, Jeffrey C Barrett, Koenraad Devriendt, David R FitzPatrick, J David Brook, Matthew E Hurles
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) have a neonatal incidence of 0.8-1% (refs. 1,2). Despite abundant examples of monogenic CHD in humans and mice, CHD has a low absolute sibling recurrence risk (∼2.7%), suggesting a considerable role for de novo mutations (DNMs) and/or incomplete penetrance. De novo protein-truncating variants (PTVs) have been shown to be enriched among the 10% of 'syndromic' patients with extra-cardiac manifestations. We exome sequenced 1,891 probands, including both syndromic CHD (S-CHD, n = 610) and nonsyndromic CHD (NS-CHD, n = 1,281)...
September 2016: Nature Genetics
Elena Vigorito, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Jonathan Beesley, Julian Adlard, Bjarni A Agnarsson, Irene L Andrulis, Banu K Arun, Laure Barjhoux, Muriel Belotti, Javier Benitez, Andreas Berger, Anders Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Carole Brewer, Trinidad Caldes, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Salina B Chan, Kathleen B M Claes, David E Cohn, Jackie Cook, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Rosemarie Davidson, Antoine de Pauw, Capucine Delnatte, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Martine Dumont, Katarzyna Durda, Bernd Dworniczak, Douglas F Easton, Diana Eccles, Christina Edwinsdotter Ardnor, Ros Eeles, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, D Gareth Evans, Lidia Feliubadalo, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Pragna Gaddam, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Sophie Giraud, Andrew K Godwin, David E Goldgar, Christopher R Hake, Thomas V O Hansen, Sue Healey, Shirley Hodgson, Frans B L Hogervorst, Claude Houdayer, Peter J Hulick, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Louise Izatt, Angel Izquierdo, Lauren Jacobs, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Joseph Vijai, Beth Y Karlan, Karin Kast, KConFab Investigators, Sofia Khan, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Annelie Liljegren, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Siranoush Manoukian, Sylvie Mazoyer, Alfons Meindl, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Marco Montagna, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Dieter Niederacher, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Kai-Ren Ong, Ana Osorio, Sue Kyung Park, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Inge Sokilde Pedersen, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Marion Piedmonte, Bruce Poppe, Miquel Angel Pujana, Paolo Radice, Gad Rennert, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Matti A Rookus, Eric A Ross, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Thomas P Slavin, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Christian Sutter, Csilla I Szabo, Muy-Kheng Tea, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Silvia Tognazzo, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Athanassios Vratimos, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Lesley McGuffog, Judy Kirk, Amanda Ewart Toland, Ute Hamann, Noralane Lindor, Susan J Ramus, Mark H Greene, Fergus J Couch, Kenneth Offit, Paul D P Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou
Population-based genome wide association studies have identified a locus at 9p22.2 associated with ovarian cancer risk, which also modifies ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. We conducted fine-scale mapping at 9p22.2 to identify potential causal variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Genotype data were available for 15,252 (2,462 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA1 and 8,211 (631 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA2 mutation carriers. Following genotype imputation, ovarian cancer associations were assessed for 4,873 and 5,020 SNPs in BRCA1 and BRCA 2 mutation carriers respectively, within a retrospective cohort analytical framework...
2016: PloS One
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