Read by QxMD icon Read


Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodoros Papaioannou, George Panayiotakopoulos, Zenia Saridaki, Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Marianna Karamanou
The plants of the Colchicum family were known during the archaic period in Greece for their deleterious properties. Later on, they were used for the treatment of podagra. The treatment was introduced by the ancient Greek physicians and passed on to the Byzantine and Arabian physicians to endure until nowadays. The first plant was most probably named "Medea" from the notorious Colchican witch. As the most common member of the family blossoms in autumn, the plant was named Colchicum autumnale. Various nominations were also used, such as Ephemeron, Hermodactyl, Anima articulorum and Surugen...
January 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Abhishek Abhishek, Edward Roddy, Michael Doherty
Gout is the most prevalent inflammatory arthritis and affects 2.5% of the general population in the UK. It is also the only arthritis that has the potential to be cured with safe, inexpensive and well tolerated urate-lowering treatments, which reduce serum uric acid by either inhibiting xanthine oxidase - eg allopurinol, febuxostat - or by increasing the renal excretion of uric acid. Of these, xanthine oxidase inhibitors are used first line and are effective in 'curing' gout in the vast majority of patients...
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Jae-Heung Cho, Jae Young Jung
This study aims to address questions regarding the translation of 'gout' into 'tongfeng ()' in East Asia. To this end, the formation process of the origins, 'gout' from Western medicine and 'tongfeng' from Oriental medicine, and the translational process were investigated through the relevant records and literature dating from the 16th century on. Symptoms associated with gout were originally mentioned in ancient Egypt and various terminologies were used to refer to gout, such as podagra, cheiragra and gonogra...
August 2015: Ŭi Sahak
Tomáš Alušík, Štefan Alušík
Gout is a very old disease, which exists for thousands of years. The first descriptions interpreted as the symptoms of gout can be found already in the Egyptian medical papyri dating to the 3rd mill. BC. In the Ancient world, many physicians dealt with the causes, diagnostics and the treatments of gout, such as Hippocrates of Cos, Diocles of Carystus or Claudios Galenos. A personified gout (as the goddess Podagra) is also to be found in the Ancient mythology and culture. Several human remnants of the people suffering from gout are preserved from the Antiquity as well...
2015: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Ganesh Avhad, Priyanka Ghuge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Jasvinder A Singh
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of Veterans Affairs (VA) databases for gout-related health care utilization. METHODS: This retrospective study utilized VA administrative and clinical databases. A random sample of gout patients with visits (outpatient, inpatient or emergent/urgent care) with or without the diagnosis of gout (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, common modification ICD-9-CM code of 274.x or 274.xx) at the Birmingham VA hospital was selected...
2013: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Lorenzo A Calò, Angela D'Angelo, Vincenzo Savica, Piero Marson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2013: Journal of Nephrology
Costas Fourtunas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2013: Journal of Nephrology
Indy Chabra, Rajendra Singh
Although the classic location of gouty tophi is the great toe (podagra), gouty tophi of the ear also is common and is worth including in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with ear lesions. Other entities presenting as papules or nodules on the ear include chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH), actinic keratosis, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, verruca vulgaris, amyloids, rheumatoid nodules, and elastotic nodules. If tophaceous gout is suspected, alcohol fixation of the biopsy specimen is preferable, as it enables visualization of characteristic needle-shaped urate crystals...
October 2013: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
C Stelzner, S Schellong, U Wollina, J Machetanz, L Unger
The foot is the target organ of a variety of internal diseases. Of upmost importance is the diabetic foot syndrome (DFS). Its complex pathophysiology is driven by the diabetic neuropathy, a vastly worsening effect is contributed by infection and ischemia. Seemingly localised lesions have the potential for phlegmone and septicaemia if not diagnosed and drained early. The acral lesions of peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) have unique features as well. However, their life-threatening potential is lower than that of DFS even if the limb is critical...
November 2013: Der Internist
Sumaira Malik, Nauman Chaudary
SESSION TYPE: Airway Student/Resident Case Report PostersPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Joint disease affecting adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) may present as episodic arthritis and/or hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (HPOA). Gout is rarely reported in adults with CF. We report an adult CF patient who presented to us with Podagra.CASE PRESENTATION: A thirty year old white man with CF presented with severe pain in left big toe and redness for one week. He denied trauma to left foot...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Leslie R Harrold, Kathleen M Mazor, Amarie Negron, Jessica Ogarek, Cassandra Firneno, Robert A Yood
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine primary care providers' gout knowledge and reported treatment patterns in comparison with current treatment recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of a random sample of US primary care physicians to assess their treatment of acute, intercritical and tophaceous gout using published European and American gout treatment recommendations and guidelines as a gold standard. RESULTS: There were 838 respondents (response rate of 41%), most of whom worked in private practice (63%) with >16 years experience (52%)...
September 2013: Rheumatology
Robert H Shmerling
Gout is an ancient disease. Despite significant advances in the understanding of its risk factors, etiology, pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment, millions of people with gout experience repeated attacks of acute arthritis and other complications. The incidence of gout is increasing, most likely reflecting increasing rates of obesity and other lifestyle factors, including diet. Comorbid conditions that often accompany gout, including chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus, present challenges for the management of gout...
November 28, 2012: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Chadi Rakieh, Philip G Conaghan
The prevalence of gout increases with age. Up to 7% of men > 65 and 3% of women > 85 have gout. Risk of gout increases significantly with increasing serum uric acid levels. Alcohol consumption and purine-rich foods such as red meat and seafood increase the risk of incident gout significantly. Loop and thiazide diuretics are also associated with increased risk. Gout is frequently associated with the metabolic syndrome. Dehydration, increasing creatinine levels, and surgery are also known to precipitate flares...
December 2011: Practitioner
Joseph A Lieberman
Gout is an often-overlooked and undertreated inflammatory arthritis that is most frequently managed in the primary care office. Its initial clinical presentation may include acute-onset pain that is most typically associated with the big toe (podagra) or knee. Most patients with gout can be successfully treated from the primary care physician's office with little or no need for referral to a rheumatology practice. Prompt recognition, diagnosis, and management can greatly improve the lives of patients with gout...
November 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
Janitzia Vázquez-Mellado, Claudia B Hernández-Cuevas, Everardo Alvarez-Hernández, Lucio Ventura-Rios, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Julio Casasola-Vargas, Sergio García-Méndez, Rubén Burgos-Vargas
The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic properties of the clinical gout diagnosis (CGD) proposal in patients with gout and other rheumatic diseases. We investigated the presence of current or past history of the previously published CGD criteria: (1) >1 attack of acute arthritis, (2) mono/oligoarthritis attacks, (3) rapid progression of pain and swelling (<24 h), (4) podagra, (5) erythema, (6) unilateral tarsitis, (7) probable tophi, and (8) hyperuricemia. CGD was established in patients with greater than or equal to four out of eight of these criteria...
March 2012: Clinical Rheumatology
Frédéric Lioté
Crystal-induced arthritis (CIA) is easy to diagnose as soon as the physician might suspect the diagnosis. Indeed, CIA can be readily ascertained since one single gold standard is available: identification of microcrystals in synovial fluid or in other materials (tophus, synovial tissue biopsy, periarticular tissues). It is therefore mandatory to perform joint aspiration and to get synovial fluid sample for microscopic examination. Monosodium urate crystals are the key feature of gout, and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals are associated with CPP disease, also called "chondrocalcinosis" in France...
September 2011: La Presse Médicale
George M Weisz, William R Albury, Donatella Lippi, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
Joint diseases in antiquity and the Renaissance were generally known by the all-encompassing term, gout (podagra or gotta). Only in later centuries was there a differentiation in the types of joint diseases, distinguishing gout in the modern sense from other arthritic and rheumatic disorders. The present article illustrates one pictorial representation of joint disease from the early sixteenth century, a case that seems typical of gouty tophi.
August 2011: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Edward Roddy
This invited paper provides a summary of a keynote lecture delivered at the 2011 Australasian Podiatry Conference. Gout is the most prevalent inflammatory arthropathy. It displays a striking predilection to affect the first metatarsophalangeal joint as well as joints within the mid-foot and ankle. A number of factors are known to reduce urate solubility and enhance nucleation of monosodium urate crystals including decreased temperature, lower pH and physical shock, all of which may be particularly relevant to crystal deposition in the foot...
May 13, 2011: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
K J M Jansen Dirken-Heukensfeldt, T A M Teunissen, H van de Lisdonk, A L M Lagro-Janssen
Clinically, gout is generally considered as a preferential male disease. However, it definitely does not occur exclusively in males. Our aim was to assess differences in the clinical features of gout arthritis between female and male patients. Five electronic databases were searched to identify relevant original studies published between 1977 and 2007. The included studies had to focus on adult patients with primary gout arthritis and on sex differences in clinical features. Two reviewers independently assessed eligibility and quality of the studies...
June 2010: Clinical Rheumatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"