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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240959/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-function-in-overweight-children-and-teenagers-with-arterial-hypertension-and-white-coat-hypertension
#1
Tomasz Florianczyk, Malgorzata Golabek-Dylewska, Beata Kucinska, Bozena Werner
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood is strongly associated with elevated arterial blood pressure and risk of hypertension. The aim of the study was the evaluation of left ventricular function in hypertensive and white coat hypertensive overweight children and teenagers. METHODS: The study group consisted of 74 overweight patients aged 10.3 ± 3.1 years (range: 6-16 years) diagnosed as hypertensive in standard blood pressure measurement. The control group consisted of 31 normotensive and normoweight children...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240564/evaluating-different-criteria-for-defining-a-complete-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-recording-data-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#2
Samantha G Bromfield, John N Booth, Matthew S Loop, Joseph E Schwartz, Samantha R Seals, Stephen J Thomas, Yuan-I Min, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: We determined differences in the prevalence of blood pressure (BP) phenotypes and the association of these phenotypes with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) for individuals who fulfilled and did not fulfill various criteria used for defining a complete ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) recording. METHODS: We analyzed data for 1141 participants from the Jackson Heart Study. Criteria evaluated included having greater than or equal to 80% of planned readings with more than or equal to one reading per hour (Spanish ABPM Registry criteria), more than or equal to 70% of planned readings with a minimum of 20 daytime and seven nighttime readings (2013 European Society of Hypertension criteria), greater than or equal to 14 daytime and greater than or equal to seven nighttime readings (2003 European Society of Hypertension criteria), more than or equal to 10 daytime and more than or equal to 5 nighttime readings (International Database of Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcome criteria), and greater than or equal to 14 daytime readings (UK National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence criteria)...
December 13, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230004/prognostic-impact-of-baseline-urinary-albumin-excretion-rate-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Paula Moreira da Costa, Arthur Fernandes Cortez, Fabio de Souza, Gabriel de Souza Mares, Bruno Dussoni Moreira Dos Santos, Elizabeth Silaid Muxfeldt
Moderately increased albuminuria, defined as urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) between 30 and 300-mg/24-h is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor, especially in diabetic and hypertensive patients. This study aim to analyze the prognostic value of baseline UAER in a still understudied group, patients with resistant hypertension (RHT). This is a prospective observational study, which had enrolled 1048 outpatients with RHT, who were submitted to a clinical-laboratory assessment and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) during the follow-up...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226126/prevalence-of-autonomic-dysreflexia-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-above-t6
#4
Eun Sun Lee, Min Cheol Joo
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and the autonomic dysfunction following spinal cord injury (ADFSCI) questionnaire in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) above T6. Methods: Twenty-eight patients diagnosed with SCI above T6 were enrolled. ABPM and ADFSCI were utilized to assess AD. Using ABPM, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate (HR) were measured at 30-minute intervals...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211893/aldosterone-is-not-associated-with-metabolic-and-microvascular-insulin-sensitivity-in-abdominally-obese-men
#5
Monica T J Schütten, Yvo H A M Kusters, Alfons J H M Houben, Jean L J M Scheijen, Marjo P H van de Waarenburg, Casper G Schalkwijk, Peter J Joris, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink, Peter W de Leeuw, Coen D A Stehouwer
Context: Impaired insulin-mediated muscle microvascular recruitment (IMMR) in obese individuals may add to the development of metabolic insulin resistance and hypertension. Increased aldosterone levels have been linked to these obesity-related complications in severely to morbidly obese individuals, and have been found to interfere with microvascular function in experimental studies. Objectives: To investigate whether aldosterone levels are related to IMMR, insulin sensitivity and blood pressure in lean and moderately abdominally obese men, and to study the effect of weight loss on these variables...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203908/relationship-between-body-mass-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-comparison-with-office-blood-pressure-measurement-and-effect-of-treatment
#6
Stacy W Baird, Zhezhen Jin, Kazue Okajima, Cesare Russo, Joseph E Schwartz, Mitchell S V Elkind, Tatjana Rundek, Shunichi Homma, Ralph L Sacco, Marco R Di Tullio
Epidemiologic studies assessing the relationship between blood pressure (BP), body mass, and cardiovascular events have primarily been based on office BP measurements, and few data are available in the elderly. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and BP values obtained by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) as compared to office BP measurements, and the effect of anti-hypertensive treatment on the relationship. The study population consisted of 813 subjects participating in the cardiovascular abnormalities and brain lesions (CABL) study who underwent 24-h ABPM...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197874/cuff-based-oscillometric-central-and-brachial-blood-pressures-obtained-through-abpm-are-similarly-associated-with-renal-organ-damage-in-arterial-hypertension
#7
Patricia Fernández-Llama, Júlia Pareja, Sergi Yun, Susana Vázquez, Anna Oliveras, Pedro Armario, Pedro Blanch, Francesca Calero, Cristina Sierra, Alejandro de la Sierra
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Central blood pressure (BP) has been suggested to be a better estimator of hypertension-associated risks. We aimed to evaluate the association of 24-hour central BP, in comparison with 24-hour peripheral BP, with the presence of renal organ damage in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Brachial and central (calculated by an oscillometric system through brachial pulse wave analysis) office BP and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) data and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured in 208 hypertensive patients...
December 4, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192955/epidemiology-of-dyslipidemia-in-professional-drivers-results-of-racer-abpm-risk-of-adverse-cardiovascular-events-among-professional-drivers-in-poland-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-study
#8
Bartosz Krzowski, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymanski, Anna Ryś, Karolina Semczuk-Kaczmarek, Karolina Adamkiewicz, Marcin Kotkowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers are a group exposed to many cardiovascular risk factors. Non-systematic working hours, prolonged stress, low physical activity, along with irregular, in most cases, unhealthy meals are common aspects of the normal working schedule of most of the professional drivers. These translate into high risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: The aim of the current analysis was to establish the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in a group of continuous professional drivers...
December 1, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188356/-antihypertensive-therapy-in-the-elderly
#9
REVIEW
J Schrader, B Schrader
Arterial hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in old age. The prevention of cognitive brain disorders is also a therapeutic goal of long-term treatment of hypertension. Older patients also have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and therefore benefit from a relatively moderate reduction in blood pressure. With respect to the high prevalence of hypertension in old age and the increasing incidence with time, the therapy of hypertension is becoming increasingly more important to achieve an improved prognosis for patients along with a reduction of costs...
November 29, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180796/sexual-dysfunction-as-a-determinant-of-cardiovascular-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-chronic-hemodialysis
#10
Vedran Premužić, Bojan Jelaković
Sexual dysfunction (SD) is common in men and women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is considered as an early marker for cardiovascular (CV) disease. We hypothesized that patients with SD have higher risk for vascular damage of the large arteries, accelerated vascular aging, and consequently higher CV mortality than other end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. In this study, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire were applied in men and women, respectively...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164016/insights-in-public-health-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-underuse-in-clinical-practice-in-hawai-i
#11
Deborah Taira, Tetine Sentell, Cheryl Albright, Doug Lansidell, Kazuma Nakagawa, Todd Seto, Joel Mark Stevens
Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Blood pressure reduction and control are associated with reduced risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease. To achieve optimal reduction and control, reliable and valid methods for blood pressure measurement are needed. Office based measurements can result in 'white coat' hypertension, which is when a patient's blood pressure in a clinical setting is higher than in other settings, or 'masked' hypertension, which occurs when a patient's blood pressure is normal in a clinical setting, but elevated outside the clinical setting...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163986/the-salt-taste-threshold-in-untreated-hypertensive-patients
#12
Chang-Yeon Kim, Mi-Kyung Ye, Young Soo Lee
Background: The salt-taste threshold can influence the salt appetite, and is thought to be another marker of sodium intake. Many studies have mentioned the relationship between the sodium intake and blood pressure (BP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the salt-taste threshold and urinary sodium excretion in normotensive and hypertensive groups. Methods: We analyzed 199 patients (mean age 52 years, male 47.3%) who underwent 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153687/influence-of-non-dipping-pattern-of-blood-pressure-in-gestational-hypertension-on-maternal-cardiac-function-hemodynamics-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#13
A Ilic, D J Ilic, S Tadic, M Stefanovic, A Stojsic-Milosavljevic, K Pavlovic, A Redzek, L Velicki
BACKGROUND: An association between gestational hypertension (GH) and changes of maternal cardiac function was previously reported. AIM: The study assessed the effect of non-dipping pattern of blood pressure (BP) in GH on haemodynamic function and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: This study included 126 women (91 with GH and 35 normotensive controls). Based on the BP values measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), all hypertensive women were classified in dipper (46 women) or in non-dipper group (45 women)...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149950/structural-and-functional-adaptation-of-the-remnant-kidney-after-living-kidney-donation-long-term-follow-up
#14
M Meier, J Winterhoff, L Fricke, H Lehnert, M Nitschke
OBJECTIVE: Several adjustments occur after nephrectomy (NT) in the donor's remnant kidney. We investigated kidney donors 10 years after NT and compared several parameters before and after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 42 kidney donors of the University of Luebeck's Transplant Center were scheduled for a 10-year follow-up and were offered several investigations: laboratory tests, urinalysis and kidney ultrasound examination including determination of kidney volume (KV), resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI)...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137850/the-importance-of-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction-and-blood-pressure-pattern-in-asymptomatic-type-2-diabetic-patients-the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-significance-of-tissue-doppler-parameters-left-ventricular-global-longitudinal-strain-and-nighttime
#15
Angelina Stevanovic, Milica Dekleva
The primary aims of this study have been to explore the diagnostic and prognostic significance of Tissue Doppler parameters (TDI), global longitudinal strain (GLS), and blood pressure (BP) pattern in normotensive diabetic patients. METHODS: The study consisted of 121 diabetic patients and 41 healthy subjects. Conventional and TDI echocardiography were performed on all patients, including E/Em (ratio of diastolic velocities). GLS was derived from two-dimensional speckle-tracking. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was obtained over 24h...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133363/prevalence-of-hypertensive-phenotypes-after-preeclampsia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Agnès Ditisheim, Grégoire Wuerzner, Belen Ponte, Yvan Vial, Olivier Irion, Michel Burnier, Michel Boulvain, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi
Preeclampsia is associated with increased cardiovascular and renal risk. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to characterize the early postpartum blood pressure (BP) profile after preeclampsia. We enrolled 115 women with preeclampsia and 41 women with a normal pregnancy in a prospective cohort study. At 6 to 12 week postpartum, we assessed the prevalence of different hypertensive phenotypes using 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), as well as the risk of salt sensitivity and the variability of BP derived from ABPM parameters...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131285/favourable-hypotensive-effect-after-standardised-tomato-extract-treatment-in-hypertensive-subjects-at-high-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Beata Krasińska, Angelika Osińska, Aleksandra Krasińska, Maciej Osiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk. AIM: The main objective of the present study was to assess if the addition of standardised extract of tomato (STE) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) to standard antihypertensive therapy can improve blood pressure control in patients with hypertension (HT)...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077789/benzodiazepine-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-blood-pressure-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-abpm-retrospective-analysis-of-4938-abpms
#18
Nitsan Mendelson, Bella Gontmacher, Allina Vodonos, Victor Novack, Muhammad Abu-AjAj, Arik Wolak, Haddar Shalev, Talya Wolak
BACKGROUND: The effect of chronic benzodiazepine use on blood pressure has not been documented. We aimed to evaluate whether regular benzodiazepine use can be associated to the results of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the ABPM database between 2009 and 2015 was performed. The study groups were divided according to benzodiazepine treatment at least 3 months before ABPM. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) model analysis was conducted to estimate the association between benzodiazepine treatment and ABPM test measurements...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076885/office-blood-pressure-measurement-alone-often-misclassifies-treatment-status-in-children-with-primary-hypertension
#19
Joyce P Samuel, Cynthia S Bell, Sean A Hebert, Arun Varughese, Joshua A Samuels, Jon E Tyson
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians frequently rely on office blood pressure (BP) measurements alone to assess hypertension control, despite widespread acceptance of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) as the reference standard in the initial diagnosis of hypertension. This study was designed to investigate how often the hypertensive status differed between concurrent office BP versus ABPM measurements, and whether any patient-specific characteristics predict the risk for misclassification by office BP...
December 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072062/morpho-functional-cardiovascular-adaptation-in-hypertensive-patients-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#20
Ines P Monte, Chiara DI Benedetto, Filippo A Atanasio, Valentina Losi, Salvatore Licciardi, Corrado Tamburino
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four-hour Blood Pressure (BP) variability is an important predictor of organ damage and cardiovascular events. Although epidemiological data are widely based on evaluation of office (Clinic) BP, 24-hour Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) accurately assess the severity of hypertension to predict cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients, because it more accurately reflects BP load on heart and blood vessels. Conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), such as M-mode and two-dimensional (2D), and more advanced techniques, such as tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), are used to identify pathological changes of the hypertensive heart disease...
October 25, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
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