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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226362/ambulatory-arterial-stiffness-indexes-in-cushing-s-syndrome
#1
Marialberta Battocchio, Andrea Rebellato, Andrea Grillo, Francesca Dassie, Pietro Maffei, Stella Bernardi, Bruno Fabris, Renzo Carretta, Francesco Fallo
Long-standing exposure to endogenous cortisol excess is associated with high cardiovascular risk. The aim of our study was to investigate arterial stiffness, which has been recognized as an independent predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcome, in a group of patients with Cushing's syndrome. Twenty-four patients with Cushing's syndrome (3 males, mean age 49±13 years; 20 pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease and 4 adrenal adenoma) underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors...
February 22, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220472/renal-denervation-for-resistant-hypertension
#2
REVIEW
Giuseppe Coppolino, Anna Pisano, Laura Rivoli, Davide Bolignano
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is highly prevalent among the general hypertensive population and the clinical management of this condition remains problematic. Different approaches, including a more intensified antihypertensive therapy, lifestyle modifications, or both, have largely failed to improve patients' outcomes and to reduce cardiovascular and renal risk. As renal sympathetic hyperactivity is a major driver of resistant hypertension, renal sympathetic ablation (renal denervation) has been recently proposed as a possible therapeutic alternative to treat this condition...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208907/current-practice-of-hypertension-in-india-focus-on-blood-pressure-goals
#3
Jagdish S Hiremath, Vijay M Katekhaye, Vijay S Chamle, Rishi M Jain, Amit I Bhargava
INTRODUCTION: Recommended Blood Pressure (BP) goals in elderly and those with co-morbid conditions like Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) vary in different Hypertension (HTN) management guidelines. AIM: To understand currently followed BP goals and practices among the physicians involved in management of HTN in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted at 66(th) annual conference of Cardiological Society of India (CSICON-2014, Hyderabad)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203328/blood-pressure-profile-in-the-7th-and-11th-year-of-life-in-children-born-prematurely
#4
Maja Gilarska, Malgorzata Klimek, Dorota Drozdz, Andrzej Grudzien, Przemko Kwinta
BACKGROUND: Several research trials have analyzed the impact of prematurity on the prevalence of hypertension (HT). However, prospective long-term studies are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of HT at the age of 7 and 11 years in a regional cohort of preterm infants with a birth weight of ≤ 1000 g. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 67 children with a birth weight of ≤ 1000 g who were born in Malopolska between September 2002 and August 2004...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191913/treatment-with-the-glucagon-receptor-antagonist-ly2409021-increases-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Christof M Kazda, Juan Frias, Irene Foga, Xuewei Cui, Cristina B Guzman, Parag Garhyan, Cory Heilmann, Jihui Anne Yang, Thomas A Hardy
AIMS: To assess the effect of LY2409021 on systolic blood pressure (SBP) in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 6-week, randomized, crossover study evaluated the effects of once-daily administration of LY2409021 20 mg vs those of placebo on SBP, diastolic BP (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) using 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in 270 subjects treated with diet/exercise ± metformin. Other measures included changes in glycemic control, serum lipids, and hepatic safety markers...
February 13, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184234/exploring-diurnal-variation-using-piecewise-linear-splines-an-example-using-blood-pressure
#6
Jamie M Madden, Xia Li, Patricia M Kearney, Kate Tilling, Anthony P Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: There are many examples of physiological processes that follow a circadian cycle and researchers are interested in alternative methods to illustrate and quantify this diurnal variation. Circadian blood pressure (BP) deserves additional attention given uncertainty relating to the prognostic significance of BP variability in relation to cardiovascular disease. However, the majority of studies exploring variability in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) collapse the data into single readings ignoring the temporal nature of the data...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179625/short-term-variability-and-nocturnal-decline-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-normotension-white-coat-hypertension-masked-hypertension-and-sustained-hypertension-a-population-based-study-of-older-individuals-in-spain
#7
Teresa Gijón-Conde, Auxiliadora Graciani, Esther López-García, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Esther García-Esquinas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, José R Banegas
Blood pressure (BP) variability and nocturnal decline in blood pressure are associated with cardiovascular outcomes. However, little is known about whether these indexes are associated with white-coat and masked hypertension. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 1047 community-dwelling individuals aged ⩾60 years in Spain in 2012. Three observer-measured home BPs and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were performed under standardized conditions. BP variability was defined as BP s.d. and coefficient of variation...
February 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178928/measurement-of-blood-pressure-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-different-ethnic-groups-one-size-fits-all
#8
Paramjit Gill, M Sayeed Haque, Una Martin, Jonathan Mant, Mohammed A Mohammed, Gurdip Heer, Amanpreet Johal, Ramandeep Kaur, Claire Schwartz, Sally Wood, Sheila M Greenfield, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and prevalence varies by ethnic group. The diagnosis and management of blood pressure are informed by guidelines largely based on data from white populations. This study addressed whether accuracy of blood pressure measurement in terms of diagnosis of hypertension varies by ethnicity by comparing two measurement modalities (clinic blood pressure and home monitoring) with a reference standard of ambulatory BP monitoring in three ethnic groups...
February 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164170/ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-chronic-kidney-disease-ready-for-prime-time
#9
Manuel T Velasquez, Srinivasan Beddhu, Ehsan Nobakht, Mahboob Rahman, Dominic S Raj
Hypertension is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is the most important modifiable risk factor for CKD progression and adverse cardiovascular events in these patients. Diagnosis and successful management of hypertension are critically dependent on accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement. This is most relevant to CKD patients, in whom BP control is difficult to achieve and in whom early antihypertensive treatment is imperative to prevent kidney and cardiovascular complications. Accumulated data indicate that ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is better in detecting hypertension than office BP measurement...
July 2016: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159431/cost-effectiveness-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-management-of-hypertension
#10
Diogo Costa, Ricardo Peixoto Lima
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hypertension in Portugal is between 29.1% and 42.2%. International studies show that 13% of individuals have masked hypertension and 13% of diagnoses based on office blood pressure measurements are in fact white coat hypertension. More sensitive and specific blood pressure measuring methods could avoid costs associated with misdiagnosis. The aim of this study was to review the cost-effectiveness of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) compared to other methods in the management of hypertension...
February 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138953/clinical-benefits-of-unilateral-adrenalectomy-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypercortisolism-due-to-adrenal-incidentaloma-results-from-a-single-center
#11
Luigi Petramala, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Matteo Galassi, Cristiano Marinelli, Gianfranco Tonnarini, Antonio Concistrè, Umberto Costi, Maurizio Bufi, Piernatale Lucia, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Gino Iannucci, Giorgio De Toma, Claudio Letizia
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the results of unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) due to adrenal incidentaloma (AI) concerning the main cardiometabolic disorders. METHODS: We have studied between January 2000 to December 2015, 645 patients with AI (283 males and 362 females; mean age 61.9 ± 10 years) and we found 70 patients with SH (27 males and 43 females; mean age 61.9 ± 8.4 years)...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129251/effects-of-the-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-liraglutide-on-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#12
Preman Kumarathurai, Christian Anholm, Andreas Fabricius-Bjerre, Olav W Nielsen, Ole Kristiansen, Sten Madsbad, Steen B Haugaard, Ahmad Sajadieh
OBJECTIVE: The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist liraglutide has been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in clinical trials using office BP measurements. However, the effects of liraglutide on 24-h BP and on the diurnal variation in BP have not been explored sufficiently. METHODS: Forty-one patients with type 2 diabetes and stable coronary artery disease were randomized to receive liraglutide or placebo to a backbone therapy of metformin in this double-blind, placebo-controlled 12 along with 12 weeks crossover study...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118277/24-h-pulse-pressure-cutoff-point-definition-by-office-pulse-pressure-in-a-population-of-spanish-older-hypertensive-patients
#13
Ernest Vinyoles, Alejandro de la Sierra, Albert Roso-Llorach, José R Banegas, Juan José de la Cruz, Manuel Gorostidi, Julián Segura, Juan Antonio Divisón, Gema Ruíz-Hurtado, Luis Miguel Ruilope
OBJECTIVE: The European Guidelines on Hypertension define an office pulse pressure (PP) at least 60 mmHg in the elderly patient as asymptomatic organ damage. Our objective was to estimate the cutoff point of 24-h PP that best predicts office PP associated with higher cardiovascular risk (≥60 mmHg) in hypertensive older patients. METHODS: We studied all hypertensive patients at least 60 years with a first valid ambulatory blood pressure monitoring drawn from the Spanish ambulatory blood pressure monitoring registry...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117539/blood-pressure-regulation-determined-by-ambulatory-blood-pressure-profiles-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-impact-on-diabetic-complications
#14
A Dost, S Bechtold-Dalla Pozza, E Bollow, R Kovacic, P Vogel, L Feldhahn, K O Schwab, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: The combination of high blood pressure and hyperglycemia contributes to the development of diabetic complications. Ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure (ABPM) is seen as standard to assess blood pressure (BP) regulation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated 24-hour BP regulation in 3529 children with type 1 diabetes, representing 5.6% of the patients <20 years of age documented in the DPV registry, and studied the influence of BP parameters including pulse pressure (PP) and blood pressure variability (BPV) on microalbuminuria (MA) and diabetic retinopathy (DR)...
January 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099585/impact-of-different-normality-thresholds-for-24-hour-abpm-at-the-primary-health-care-level
#15
Guilherme Brasil Grezzana, David William Moraes, Airton Tetelbon Stein, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes. Primary health care (PHC) physicians should be prepared to act appropriately in the prevention of cardiovascular risk factors. However, the rates of patients with control of blood pressure (BP) remain low. The impact of the reclassification of high BP by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) can lead to different medical decisions in PHC. Objective: To evaluate the agreement between the BP measured by a conventional method by PHC physicians and by 24-hour ABPM, considering different BP normal thresholds for the 24-hour ABPM according to the V Brazilian ABPM Guidelines and the European Society of Hypertension Guidelines...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099229/twenty-four-hour-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-for-clinical-evaluation-of-hypertensive-patients-in-primary-care-which-groups-would-most-benefit
#16
Guilherme B Grezzana, Airton T Stein, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes. Blood pressure (BP) control levels remain largely out of target among primary healthcare (PHC) patients. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may contribute toward the identification of cardiovascular risk groups. OBJECTIVE: To assess concordance between conventional office BP measurements and 24-h ABPM of hypertension control in cardiovascular risk groups of PHC hypertensive patients...
January 17, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099129/the-association-between-obesity-hypertension-and-left-ventricular-mass-in-adolescents
#17
Saime Ergen Dibeklioglu, Berna Şaylan Çevik, Banu Acar, Zeynep Birsin Özçakar, Nermin Uncu, Nazlı Kara, Şemsa Çaycı, Nilgün Çakar
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hypertension (HT) are well known cardiac risk factors. Our goal was to show that even if arterial blood pressure (BP) measurements of obese adolescents are normal during clinical examination, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be high, may include cardiac involvement and can also detect left ventricular mass indices (LVMI) value for obese adolescents to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: This study included 130 children (57 obese hypertensive, 36 obese normotensive, 14 normal weight hypertensive and 23 normal weight normotensive)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096150/hemodynamic-determinants-of-the-short-term-blood-pressure-variability-differential-roles-of-arterial-stiffness-and-wave-reflection
#18
Pai-Feng Hsu, Hao-Min Cheng, Shih-Hsien Sung, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Edward G Lakatta, Frank C P Yin, Pesus Chou, Chen-Huan Chen
BACKGROUND: A high 24-hour ambulatory diastolic (DBP) but not systolic (SBP) blood pressure variability (BPV) is significantly predictive of long-term cardiovascular mortality in untreated hypertensive subjects, independent of office or 24-hour SBP. The present study was aimed to investigate hemodynamic factors that are independently associated with systolic and diastolic BPV from the 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). METHODS: A cohort of 624 normotensive and 633 untreated hypertensive participants with baseline ABPM was drawn from a community-based survey...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084122/plasma-endothelin-1-levels-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-effects-of-renal-sympathetic-denervation
#19
Luigi Petramala, Federica Olmati, Massimo Mancone, Antonio Concistré, Matteo Galassi, Cristiano Marinelli, Gianfranco Tonnarini, Piernatale Lucia, Umberto Costi, Gino Iannucci, Gennaro Sardella, Claudio Letizia
INTRODUCTION: Resistant arterial hypertension (RHT) is defined as poor controlled blood pressure (BP) despite optimal doses of 3 or more antihypertensive agents, including a diuretic. In the development of RHT, hyperactivity of sympathetic (SNS) and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (SRAA) systems are involved, and SNS is a potent stimulator of vasoactive endothelin-1 (ET1) peptide. Renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) through disrupting renal afferent and efferent nerves attenuates SNS activity...
January 13, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060360/short-term-effects-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-and-bevacizumab-administration-on-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-recordings-in-normotensive-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#20
A Sengul, R Rasier, C Ciftci, O Artunay, A Kockar, H Bahcecioglu, E Yuzbasioglu
PurposeTo evaluate effects of intravitreal ranibizumab and bevacizumab administration on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) recordings in normotensive patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).Patients and methodsA total of 72 patients (mean age: 61.8(6.2) years, 52.8% were females) diagnosed with AMD were included in this study as divided into ranibizumab (n=34) and bevacizumab (n=38) treatment groups. Twenty-four hour, nighttime, and daytime ABMP values for systolic and diastolic BP were recorded in study groups before and after the third intravitreal injection of ranibizumab or bevacizumab...
January 6, 2017: Eye
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