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Inter arm blood pressure difference

Sun Uck Kwon, Dalia Wajsbrot, Bum Joon Kim, Ja-Seong Koo, Jong Moo Park, Barrett Jeffers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in blood pressure variability (BPV) between patients who experience a recurrent (secondary) stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) compared with patients who do not have recurrent stroke. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were extracted from the ALLHAT and ASCOT-BPLA databases. BPV was defined as the within-subject standard deviation of systolic BP measurements across visits from 12-weeks (or 3-months [84 days]) onwards. BPV was analyzed using a generalized linear model with terms for treatment, prior stroke, interaction between treatment group and prior stroke, and baseline systolic BP...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Mitchell Cook, Davis Theobald, Alberto Avolio, Karen Peebles, Mark Butlin
OBJECTIVE: Inter-arm systolic blood pressure (IASBP) differences ≥10 mmHg are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Prevalence of IASBP differences is unclear given that studies are mainly in diseased populations and vary in measurement technique (sequential vs simultaneous recording). Moreover, no studies have determined whether dominant or non-dominant arm influences calculated central aortic blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of IASBP differences measured at the brachial artery and calculated at the aorta in community dwelling adults...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
I Rueda, I Banegas, I Prieto, R Wangensteen, A B Segarra, A B Villarejo, M De Gasparo, J D Luna, F Vives, M Ruiz-Bailen, M Ramirez-Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: The type and level of sex steroids influence blood pressure (BP). It has been suggested that functional brain asymmetries may be influenced by sex hormones. In addition, there are inter-arm differences in BP not yet related with handedness. In this study, we hypothesize a possible association between sex hormones, handedness, and inter-arm differences in blood pressure. METHODS: To analyze this hypothesis, we measured BP in the left and right arm of the left and right handed adult young men and women in menstrual and ovulatory phase and calculated their mean arterial pressure (MAP)...
January 2016: Endocrine Regulations
Yan Wang, Jin Zhang, Yuesheng Qian, Xiaofeng Tang, Huawei Ling, Kemin Chen, Yan Li, Pingjin Gao, Dingliang Zhu
Inter-arm blood pressure (BP) difference has been associated with ischemic stroke. Local atherosclerosis of stroke differ among vulnerable individuals, whereas intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is more frequently affected Asians, and extracranial arterial stenosis (ECAS) is more prevalent among whites. We hereby sought to explore the association of inter-arm BP difference with ICAS and ECAS in stroke-free hypertensive patients in Chinese population. All the 885 subjects were evaluated of ICAS and ECAS through computerized tomographic angiography...
2016: Scientific Reports
Bo Mi Song, Hyeon Chang Kim, Jee-Seon Shim, Myung Ha Lee, Dong Phil Choi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the inter-arm difference in blood pressure of the general Korean population to identify associated factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 806 participants aged 30 to 64 years without history of major cardiovascular disease were analyzed in this cross-sectional study. They participated in the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center cohort study that began in 2013. Brachial blood pressure was measured simultaneously for both arms using an automated oscillometric device equipped with two cuffs in seated position...
May 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Balkishan Sharma, Pramila Ramawat
OBJECTIVES: An increased inter-arm blood pressure difference is an easily determined physical finding, may use as an indicator of cardio vascular event and other sever diseases. Authors evaluated 477 patients to determine the prevalence and significance of inter-arm blood pressure difference. METHODOLOGY: 477 routine outdoor patients selected to observe the inter-arm blood pressure difference. Age, height, weight, body mass index, history of disease and blood pressure recorded...
April 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Christopher E Clark, Rod S Taylor, Isabella Butcher, Marlene Cw Stewart, Jackie Price, F Gerald R Fowkes, Angela C Shore, John L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Differences in blood pressure between arms are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in cohorts with established vascular disease or substantially elevated cardiovascular risk. AIM: To explore the association of inter-arm difference (IAD) with mortality in a community-dwelling cohort that is free of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort analysis of a randomised controlled trial in central Scotland, from April 1998 to October 2008...
May 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Ming Zhou, Zhen Gao, Fei Chen, Haijun Xu, Xiao Dong, Li Ma
The inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (SBPD) is recommended to be in relation to potential cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previous studies yielded controversial results about the association between an inter-arm SBPD ≥ 10 mmHg or ≥15 mmHg and the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate this association. We searched PubMed and Embase databases through December 31, 2014, and examined the references of retrieved articles to identify relevant cohort studies...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Michél Strauss, Wayne Smith, Aletta E Schutte
BACKGROUND: Bilateral systolic blood pressure (SBP) differences > 10mmHg is a common finding in clinical practice. Such BP differences in older individuals are associated with peripheral vascular disease, linked to microvascular dysfunction. Investigating retinal vessel calibres could provide insight into systemic microvascular function and may predict cardiovascular outcomes. Therefore we investigated the link between inter-arm systolic blood pressure differences (IASBPD) and the retinal microvasculature to determine the usefulness of IASBPD as an early marker of microvascular changes...
August 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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