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social ethnic political psychiatry

Cornelis J Laban, Rob van Dijk
The population of the Netherlands has become increasingly diverse in terms of ethnicity and religion, and anti-immigrant attitudes have become more apparent. At the same time, interest in issues linked to transcultural psychiatry has grown steadily. The purpose of this article is to describe the most important results in Dutch transcultural psychiatric research in the last decade and to discuss their relationship with relevant social and political developments in the Netherlands. All relevant PhD theses (N = 27) between 2000 and 2011 were selected...
December 2013: Transcultural Psychiatry
Joseph Westermeyer
For the last five centuries, France's international influence has been constant. This has been particularly evident in the areas of general culture, history and science. In psychiatry, the role of Pinel during the French Revolution, and the discovery of the first psychotropic agent, chlorpromazine, by Delay and Deniker are two outstanding historical facts. This chapter examines the contributions of French social scientists in the understanding of the sequelae of colonial exploitation, racism and political oppression...
2013: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Brendan D Kelly
Competing models of cultural integration present significant challenges and opportunities in the provision of public services to multi-ethnic, multi-cultural populations. In some countries, the mental health needs of refugees, voluntary migrants and ethnic minority groups are met by dedicated mental health services separate from generic services. For other countries, such developments present challenges in terms of integration objectives and public service provision in accordance with national policy. Nonetheless, given our profound, enduring attachments to culture, it appears reasonable that host societies should, at least in part, co-operate with refugees, voluntary migrants and/or ethnic minority groups in re-shaping elements of public services to optimize their appropriateness to the linguistic and historical traditions of such groups...
November 2009: Health Policy
Susan Tan, Daniel Fung, Se-Fong Hung, Joseph Rey
OBJECTIVE: Several Asian regions have undergone a dramatic transformation, some becoming very affluent. This paper aims to ascertain how countries that are becoming wealthy have dealt with child and adolescent mental health issues. METHOD: Population health status, child and adolescent mental health services, child psychiatry training, the number of child psychiatrists and related matters were examined in Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore. RESULTS: Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore are ethnically, religiously, socially and politically very different...
June 2008: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Paramjit T Joshi, Marc E Dalton, Deborah A O'Donnell
The world as we know it is plagued with conflict, yet little attention is paid to the inherent ethical issues and challenges related to trauma work. It is important to be aware of these issues because they are bound to raise questions about how medical practitioners confer neutrality in the face of political agendas and war on one hand and maintain a commitment to a person's well-being on the other. When engaged in local, national, or international trauma work, cultural, ethnic, and political literacy is crucial, and an acknowledgment of one's subjectivity is paramount...
January 2008: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Laurence J Kirmayer
The 'new cross-cultural psychiatry' heralded by Kleinman in 1977 promised a revitalized tradition that gave due respect to cultural difference and did not export psychiatric theories that were themselves culture bound. In the ensuing years, the view of culture within anthropology has continued to change, along with our understanding of the relationship of biological processes to cultural diversity, and the global political economic contexts in which mental health care is delivered. This article considers the implications of these new notions of culture, biology and the context of practice for theory in cultural psychiatry...
March 2006: Transcultural Psychiatry
Roberto Beneduce, Pompeo Martelli
Ethnopsychiatry is today a contested field, in which concepts and terms such as ethnicity, identity, culture, citizenship, traditional therapies or symbolic efficacy are used in a very controversial way. Recent accusations of'racism' against some ethnopsychiatrists have contributed to making more obscure the deep roots of these issues and controversies. Little attention has been paid to analysing the complex legacy of colonial psychiatry, as well as the relationships among current definitions of 'culture' and 'belonging', post-colonial subjectivities and migration...
September 2005: Transcultural Psychiatry
Volker Roelcke
The first research institution exclusively devoted to psychiatric genetics was the Department of Genealogy and Demography at the German Psychiatric Research Institute (Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Psychiatrie) in Munich. From its foundation in 1917 until 1945 it was directed by Ernst Rüdin, one of the protagonists of the racial hygiene movement in Germany. In scientific terms, colleagues from abroad regarded the research undertaken by Rüdin and his collaborators as outstanding in 1933/34, and as remarkable even in the post-1945 period...
2002: Medizinhistorisches Journal
H Fàbrega
The psychiatry of the 21st century will have to be different from the psychiatry of the 20th century. The latter began its journey in a socially, compartmentalized world in which sharp categories and boundaries for the definition of mental illness were assumed to be relevant. International psychiatry completed its hegemonic hold over the territory of mental health and illness with a commanding home-stretch run of success borne in the confidence and optimism of its neurobiologic and culture free program and agenda...
September 2001: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
J Yazar, R Littlewood
The understanding of experienced pain has recently moved from the biological to the metaphorical. Detailed interviews with twelve Turkish and Kurdish patients in London who had been unsuccessfully investigated medically for chronic pain showed that their understanding reflected local, typically humoural, conceptions of self and body. However there was little to suggest interpretation of the illness as a more specific and grounded idiom for social or political experience. It is suggested that the current vogue for 'interpretation' in medical anthropology and social psychiatry may occasionally be, as Umberto Eco puts it, 'over-interpretation'...
2001: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
A Abramovitz
This paper discusses the careers of four very different coercion specialists taken from contemporary history. Whether in power, in opposition or unaffiliated, coercionists share an inability to evaluate institutions of authority as the source of social arrangements designed for the common good and a corresponding inability to contemplate self-criticism or self-doubt. They vary along at least two dimensions: (a) a Machiavellian talent for simulating the non-authoritarian personality over long stretches of their careers, as against a blatant and reflexive thuggery; and (b) the pursuit of agreed-upon us-and-them agendas, as against fulfilling their own personal ambitions...
August 2000: Ethnicity & Health
J Cawte
The lobby for multicultural medicine has several aims: xenophilia in health appointments; schools of transcultural psychiatry; and the training and appointment of ethnic (parochial) health paraprofessionals. Modest requests, really, and I commend them to our political leaders when they come to implement the Report on Migrant Services.
July 1980: Australian Family Physician
V W Bernard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1971: International Psychiatry Clinics
D H Friessem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1974: Psychiatrie, Neurologie, und Medizinische Psychologie
M K Opler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1973: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
C Martinez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1973: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1987: Report
D Handelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1975: Mental Health and Society
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