Read by QxMD icon Read

Custom made foot orthosis

Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Inmaculada Palomo-Toucedo, Alejandro Gil-Tinoco, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Pedro Vicente Munuera-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the changes in ground reaction force (GRF) produced by custom-made weight-bearing and nonweight-bearing foot orthoses and by a prefabricated foot orthosis, in the control of the pronated foot. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were recruited. All were in good health, aged 18 to 25 years, and presented pronated foot. Three different types of foot orthosis were studied: prefabricated, weight-bearing, and nonweight-bearing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sanjay Maurya, N Srinath, P S Bhandari
Background: Mine blast injuries of foot are devastating injuries that result in composite tissue loss or amputations. Negative pressure wound therapy has helped in the management of such combat-related wounds. The aim of this study was to report experiences gained in managing such injuries at a tertiary care center. Methods: 17 combatants who sustained mine blast injuries were included in this study. Severity of foot injury was assessed as per Foot and Ankle Severity Score...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Banafsheh Khodaei, Hassan Saeedi, Maryam Jalali, Maede Farzadi, Ehsan Norouzi
BACKGROUNDS: The effect of foot orthoses on plantar pressure distribution has been proven by researchers but there are some controversies about advantages of custom-made foot orthoses to less expensive prefabricated foot orthoses. METHODS: Nineteen flatfeet adults between 18 and 45 participated in this study. CAD-CAM foot orthoses were made for these patients according to their foot scan. Prefabricated foot orthoses were prepared according to their foot size. Plantar pressure, force and contact area were measured using pedar® -x in-shoe system wearing shoe alone, wearing CAD-CAM foot orthoses and wearing prefabricated foot orthoses...
December 2017: Foot
Andrea J Ikeda, John R Fergason, Jason M Wilken
BACKGROUND: The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis is a custom-made dynamic response carbon fiber device. A heel wedge, which sits in the shoe, is an integral part of the orthosis-heel wedge-shoe system. Because the device restricts ankle movement, the system must compensate to simulate plantarflexion and allow smooth forward progression during gait. OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of wedge height and durometer on the walking gait of individuals using the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis...
September 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Hylton B Menz, Jamie J Allan, Daniel R Bonanno, Karl B Landorf, George S Murley
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in the prevention and treatment of foot disorders. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of custom-made foot orthosis prescriptions from a Australian podiatric orthotic laboratory. METHODS: One thousand consecutive foot orthosis prescription forms were obtained from a commercial prescription foot orthosis laboratory located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Footwork Podiatric Laboratory). Each item from the prescription form was documented in relation to orthosis type, cast correction, arch fill technique, cast modifications, shell material, shell modifications and cover material...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Niels F J Waterval, Frans Nollet, Jaap Harlaar, Merel-Anne Brehm
INTRODUCTION: In patients with neuromuscular disorders and subsequent calf muscle weakness, metabolic walking energy cost (EC) is nearly always increased, which may restrict walking activity in daily life. To reduce walking EC, a spring-like ankle-foot-orthosis (AFO) can be prescribed. However, the reduction in EC that can be obtained from these AFOs is stiffness dependent, and it is unknown which AFO stiffness would optimally support calf muscle weakness. The PROOF-AFO study aims to determine the effectiveness of stiffness-optimised AFOs on reducing walking EC, and improving gait biomechanics and walking speed in patients with calf muscle weakness, compared to standard, non-optimised AFOs...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
E Tavernese, M Petrarca, G Rosellini, E Di Stanislao, A Pisano, G Di Rosa, E Castelli
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic Celebral Palsy (CP) children commonly use AFO orthoses as walking aids. It is known that AFOs may have a detrimental effect on gait. To enhance mechanical properties of AFOs we developed an innovative, custom-made, carbon, ankle-foot orthosis (Ca.M.O) which offers the opportunity to tune its response to the patient's gait characteristics and/or functional maturity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Ca.M.O. in improving gait in a group of hemiplegic CP children and to compare its performances with those of commonly prescribed AFO...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
Niklas Renner, Stephan Hermann Wirth, Georg Osterhoff, Thomas Böni, Martin Berli
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuropathic arthropathy (CN) is a chronic, progressive, destructive, non-infectious process that most frequently affects the bone architecture of the foot in patients with sensory neuropathy. We evaluated the outcome of protected weightbearing treatment of CN in unilaterally and bilaterally affected patients and secondarily compared outcomes in protected versus unprotected weightbearing treatment. METHODS: Patient records and radiographs from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed...
December 29, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Evgenia Manousaki, Tomasz Czuba, Gunnar Hägglund, Louise Mattsson, Hanneke Andriesse
Relapse after successful initial correction of idiopathic clubfoot with the Ponseti method is often related to poor compliance with the foot abduction orthosis (FAO). The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment with custom-made dynamic orthoses. Twenty children with idiopathic clubfoot (30feet) who had been treated with dynamic orthoses after the correction phase according to the Ponseti casting technique were evaluated. Relapse rates during orthotic treatment were registered. A Vicon gait analysis system was used to measure gait parameters at the age of seven years...
October 2016: Gait & Posture
Joanne O'Connor, Dorothy McCaughan, Catriona McDaid, Alison Booth, Debra Fayter, Roccio Rodriguez-Lopez, Roy Bowers, Lisa Dyson, Cynthia P Iglesias, Simon Lalor, Rory J O'Connor, Margaret Phillips, Gita Ramdharry
BACKGROUND: Patients who have knee instability that is associated with neuromuscular disease (NMD) and central nervous system (CNS) conditions can be treated using orthoses, such as knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs). OBJECTIVES: To assess existing evidence on the effectiveness of orthoses; patient perspectives; types of orthotic devices prescribed in the UK NHS; and associated costs. METHODS: Qualitative study of views of orthoses users - a qualitative in-depth interview study was undertaken...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Dilek Sahinoğlu, Gürsoy Coskun, Nilgün Bek
BACKGROUND: Adaptive seating supports for cerebral palsy are recommended to develop and maintain optimum posture, and functional use of upper extremities. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different seating adaptations regarding postural alignment and related functions and to investigate the effects of these seating adaptations on different motor levels. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 20 children with spastic cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification System 3-5) were included...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Dietmar Dammerer, Matthias Braito, Rainer Biedermann, Michael Ban, Johannes Giesinger, Christian Haid, Michael C Liebensteiner, Gerhard Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess patients' driving ability when wearing surgical shoes following right-sided first metatarsal osteotomy. METHODS: From August 2013 to August 2015, 42 consecutive patients (mean age 54.5 years) with right-sided hallux valgus deformity underwent first metatarsal osteotomy. Patients were tested for brake response time (BRT) 1 day preoperatively (control run) and at 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively. Two different types of foot orthosis were investigated...
January 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Stefan Thumm, Maurice Jordan, Christian Walter, Ina-Christine Rondak, Ingmar Ipach
BACKGROUND: Although a person's fitness to drive has gained more attention over the past few years, investigations have focused mainly on postsurgical (eg, hip arthroplasty) driving performance. Few data are available on how orthoses affect the ability to perform an emergency stop. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether common lumbar and hip orthoses impair driving performance by increasing brake response time and weakening brake force (BF). DESIGN: Crossover repeated measures design...
January 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Jesse F Doty, Richard G Alvarez, Timothy B Ervin, Ashley Heard, John Gilbreath, Nicholas S Richardson
The purpose of the present study was to compare the hallux valgus deformity pressure parameters seen in standard footwear (no orthosis) versus the pressure observed in the same footwear with the addition of 3 different length orthoses. The forefoot pressure at a hallux valgus deformity was recorded with pressure sensors placed on the plantar, medial, and dorsal surface of the first metatarsal head. The participants performed walking trials without an orthosis and with orthoses of 3 different lengths. The average pressure and maximum pressure of each area was recorded for each orthosis, and comparisons were made across the groups...
September 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Valerie M Pomeroy, Philip Rowe, Allan Clark, Andrew Walker, Andrew Kerr, Elizabeth Chandler, Mark Barber, Jean-Claude Baron
BACKGROUND: Timely provision of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) orthotist customized for individuals early after stroke can be problematic. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a therapist-made AFO (SWIFT Cast) for walking recovery. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled, observer-blind trial. Participants (n = 105) were recruited 3 to 42 days poststroke. All received conventional physical therapy (CPT) that included use of "off-the-shelf" and orthotist-made AFOs...
January 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
T Mittlmeier, A Eschler
OBJECTIVE: The goal of treatment is a plantigrade, stable, ulcer-free foot which can be addressed with diabetes-adapted insoles and/or DNOAP shoes. INDICATIONS: Charcot foot of the midfoot with/without infection-free ulcers. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Inacceptable anesthesiological risk in polymorbidity. Severe anesthesiological risks in multimorbid patients; symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease not suitable for reconstruction; infections PEDIS/IWGDF grade 3 or 4, nonreconstructable osseous defects...
April 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Simon Fuk-Tan Tang, Chien-Hung Chen, Chih-Kuan Wu, Wei-Hsien Hong, Kuan-Jung Chen, Chih-Kuang Chen
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic effect of total contact insole with forefoot medial posting (TCIFMP) orthosis in patients with flexible flatfoot. The TCIFMP insole was custom- mode, made from semi-rigid plastazote and PPT. Using the gait analysis and the plantar-pressure measure systems, we investigate rearfoot motion and plantar pressure redistribution in these patients. The results of this study showed that the excessive valgus movement of the rearfoot can be reduced significantly by the TCIFMP insole in these patients...
February 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Soo-Kyung Bok, Bong-Ok Kim, Jun-Ho Lim, So-Young Ahn
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effects of a custom-made rigid foot orthosis (RFO) in children over six years old with pes planus. METHODS: The medical records of 39 children (mean age, 10.3±4.09 years) diagnosed with pes planus, fitted with RFOs, and had who more than two consecutive radiological studies were reviewed. The resting calcaneal stance position (RCSP), anteroposterior talocalcaneal angle (APTCA), lateral talocalcaneal angle (LTTCA), the lateral talometatarsal angle (LTTMA), and calcaneal pitch (CP) of both feet were measured to evaluate foot alignment...
June 2014: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
A G Lucas-Cuevas, P Pérez-Soriano, J I Priego-Quesada, S Llana-Belloch
UNLABELLED: Although running is associated with many health benefits, it also exposes the body to greater risk of injury. Foot orthoses are an effective strategy to prevent such injuries. Comfort is an essential element in orthosis design since any discomfort alters the runner's biomechanics, compromising performance and increasing the risk of injury. The present study analyses the perceived comfort of three types of orthoses: custom-made, prefabricated and original running shoe insoles...
2014: Ergonomics
Bruce Carse, Roy Bowers, Barry C Meadows, Philip Rowe
BACKGROUND: Ankle-foot orthoses are known to have a generally positive effect on gait in stroke, however the specifc type of AFO and the time point at which it is provided are highly variable in the currently available literature. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the immediate spatiotemporal and kinematic effect of custom-made solid ankle-foot orthoses in early stroke rehabilitation, compared to shod walking. METHODS: Five male and three female participants were recruited to the study (n = 8), with a mean age of 57 (16) years who were 3...
December 2015: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"