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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939949/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-associated-with-cutaneous-and-systemic-plasmacytosis
#1
Shinsuke Isobe, Naro Ohashi, Naoko Katahashi, Sayaka Ishigaki, Naoko Tsuji, Takayuki Tsuji, Akihiko Kato, Yoshihide Fujigaki, Akira Shimizu, Hideo Yasuda
Cutaneous and systemic plasmacytosis (CSP) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder that mainly affects middle-aged Asian individuals. Although Castleman disease is often complicated with various renal involvements, glomerulonephritis associated with CSP, which is considered as a variant of Castleman disease, is rare. This report presents the case of a 41-year-old Japanese man with nephrotic syndrome associated with CSP. Renal biopsy findings showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and diffusely mild segmental mesangial proliferation...
September 22, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919630/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-post-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patient-successful-conservative-management
#2
S H Sarker, A K Miraj, M A Hossain, M Aftabuddin
Deep vein thrombosis is an alarming medical emergency. Deep vein thrombosis or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a deep vein predominantly in the legs. Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting deep vein thrombosis is a very rare medical condition relatively in Asian. Approximately 80% of deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) is clinically asymptomatic, 20% of those that actually demonstrate signs and symptoms can be easily confused with symptoms of other commonly presenting musculoskeletal disorders...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901512/gambogic-acid-suppresses-inflammation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-rats-via-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#3
Xiaodan Wu, Li Long, Jian Liu, Jin Zhang, Tong Wu, Xixi Chen, Bing Zhou, Ting-Zhuo Lv
Gamboge is the dried resin secreted by the Garcinia maingayi gambogic tree and is a substance that may be used to treat a variety of diseases, exhibits anti‑tumor and detoxification effects and prevents bleeding. The primary active constituent is gambogic acid. The present study aimed to investigate the anti‑inflammatory effects of gambogic acid in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats and to elucidate the mechanisms by which these effects occur. The swelling degree, the clinical arthritic scoring and pain threshold measurements were used to evaluate the effects of gambogic acid on RA...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892909/chondroid-syringoma-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-of-a-rare-entity-at-an-unusual-site
#4
Sangeeta Lamba, Annu Nanda, Uma Kumar
Chondroid syringoma, also known as benign mixed tumour of the skin, is a rare benign adnexal tumour. It is a biphasic tumour, composed of both epithelial and mesenchymal components and constitutes <0.01% of all primary skin tumours. It is mostly located in the head and neck region, followed by the hand, foot, axillary region, abdomen, penis, vulva and scrotum. The arm is a rare site of involvement. Making a correct diagnosis of chondroid syringoma is important to guide the clinician in optimal management...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872725/dorsal-root-ganglion-field-stimulation-prevents-inflammation-and-joint-damage-in-a-rat-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Bin Pan, Zhiyong Zhang, Dongman Chao, Quinn H Hogan
OBJECTIVES: Electrical stimulation of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), referred to here as ganglionic field stimulation (GFS), is effective in reducing clinical pain, probably by interrupting transmission of afferent impulse trains on sensory neurons as they pass through the DRG. We therefore tested whether efferent impulse trains conveyed by sensory neurons, which contribute to neurogenic inflammation, may also be interrupted by GFS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Collagen-induced arthritis, a model of clinical rheumatoid arthritis, was initiated in rats concurrently with the insertion of an electrode for GFS at the fourth lumbar DRG...
September 5, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867861/effect-of-integrative-naturopathy-and-yoga-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#6
A Mooventhan, Geetha B Shetty
A 54-year old married woman was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 2002, essential hypertension in 2008, type-2 diabetes in 2011 and gangrene over 2(nd) toe of right foot. She underwent conventional management in private hospitals. Her symptoms, began with moderate to severe pain associated with swelling, stiffness (more in the morning) in multiple joints especially over small joints. In July-2014 she visited our college hospital with the complaints of pain, mild swelling and stiffness over multiple joints associated with poor quality of sleep (QOS) and quality of life (QOL)...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844303/calcaneal-ewing-s-sarcoma-with-skip-metastases-to-tarsals-and-lymph-node-involvement-a-case-report
#7
Koray Şahin, Serkan Bayram, Ahmet Salduz
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) represents the second most common primary malignant tumor of bone of children and occurs rarely in the bones of the foot. Dissemination to regional lymph nodes and skip metastases to adjacent bones are thought to be uncommon. We report a case of a 19-year-old female with the diagnosis of ES of the right calcaneus. Six months earlier, she had presented to the hospital with a history of ankle sprain and was treated with analgesics and ice application. Despite the treatment, the pain over the ankle persisted, her foot swelled progressively, and a mass evolved on the lateral side of the foot...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835505/interferon-regulatory-factor-1-irf-1-protects-against-chikungunya-virus-induced-immunopathology-by-restricting-infection-in-muscle-cells
#8
Sharmila Nair, Subhajit Poddar, Raeann M Shimak, Michael S Diamond
The innate immune system protects cells against viral pathogens in part through the autocrine and paracrine actions of interferons (IFN)-α/β (type I), -γ (type II), and -λ (type III). The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 has a demonstrated role in shaping innate and adaptive antiviral immunity by inducing the expression of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) and mediating signals downstream of IFN-γ. Although ectopic expression experiments have suggested an inhibitory function of IRF-1 against infection of alphaviruses in cell culture, its role in vivo remains unknown...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819605/recurrent-extra-and-intra-articular-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-ankle-with-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#9
Jonathan A Isbell, Andrew C Morris, Ibukunoluwa Araoye, Sameer Naranje, Ashish B Shah
INTRODUCTION: Synovial chondromatosis is a rare, benign monoarticular condition characterized by the metaplastic formation of cartilaginous nodules from the synovium of joints (intra-articular), tendons and bursae (extra-articular). These nodules have the potential to detach and form loose bodies within the joint space. The most common locations are the large joints such as the knees, hips, elbows, and shoulders, with less common locations being the foot and ankle joints. Synovial chondromatosis primarily occurs in men between the third and fifth decades of life, and it typically presents as chronic joint pain with swelling, decreased joint range of motion, and osteoarthritis...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818476/complex-anatomic-abnormalities-of-the-lower-leg-muscles-and-tendons-associated-with-phocomelia-a-case-report
#10
Thomas Hodo, Mark Hamrick, Yulia Melenevsky
Musculoskeletal anatomy is widely known to have components that stray from the norm in the form of variant muscle and tendon presence, absence, origin, insertion, and bifurcation. Although these variant muscles and tendons might be deemed incidental and insignificant findings by most, they can be important contributors to pathologic physiology or, more importantly, an option for effective treatment. In the present case report, we describe a patient with phocomelia and Müllerian abnormalities secondary to in utero thalidomide exposure...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796565/ultrastructural-changes-of-kidney-in-schistosoma-mansoni-infected-mice
#11
Refaat A Eid, Mubarak Al-Shraim, Fahmy El-Sayed, Khaled Radad
Schistosomiasis is the second threatening parasitic disease after malaria and among Schistosoma spp., Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) affects about 100 million people in tropic regions in Africa and South America. The current study was carried out to investigate ultrastructural changes of the kidney in mice infected with cercariae of S. mansoni, in which 20 Swiss albino mice of 60-day-old were assigned into two groups (10 each). Control group received 1 ml normal saline by intraperitoneal route. Model group were intraperitoneally infected with 1 ml normal saline containing 40 cercariae of S...
August 10, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770006/categorisation-of-foot-complaints-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-from-a-new-zealand-cohort
#12
Simon J Otter, Maheswaran Rohan, Kevin A Davies, Sunil Kumar, Peter Gow, Nicola Dalbeth, Michael Corkill, Sam Panthakalam, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot complaints have been shown to be common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and heterogeneous in nature. We aimed to categorize self-reported foot complaints in people with SLE and foot symptoms. METHODS: A self-administered validated questionnaire was posted to 406 people with SLE attending adult rheumatology clinics across three health boards in Auckland, New Zealand. In addition to foot pain, vascular complaints, dermatological lesions and neurological symptoms were included in the analysis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767173/prevalence-presentation-and-treatment-of-lower-limb-pathologies-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Antoni Fellas, Fiona Hawke, Derek Santos, Andrea Coda
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory joint disease. It is the most common arthritis in children and adolescents. This paper reviews the presentation and treatment of lower limb pathologies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis from an allied health perspective. Common lower limb pathologies include: synovitis causing swelling, tenderness and pain; persistent inflammation leading to flexion contractures; limb length discrepancies; muscle atrophy; enthesopathies such as plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis; and tenosynovitis...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752968/-effects-of-triptolide-on-the-autophagy-in-synovial-spleen-and-thymus-of-rats-with-adjuvant-arthritis
#14
Lei Wan, Jian Liu, Chuan-Bing Huang, Xiao-Jun Zhang, Ya-Li Wang, Ping-Heng Zhang, Yue Sun, Lei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of triptolide (TP) on the expression of ATG /LC3-Ⅱ Beclin1 in synovial, spleen, and thymusof rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA). METHODS: Rats were divided for four groups: normal control (NC), model control (MC), leflunomide (LEF) treatment, and triptolide (TP)treatment, with 12 rats in each group.The AA model was established through Freund's complete adjuvant (0.1 mL each) injection into the right foot plantar skin to introduce inflammation and 10 days of tail root injection of 0...
July 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731670/calcaneus-osteomyelitis-secondary-to-guthrie-test-case-report
#15
Tugce Tural Kara, Tugba Erat, Halil Ozdemir, Aysun Yahsi, Suat Fitoz, Ergin Ciftci, Erdal Incea
Calcaneus osteomyelitis is a rare infection in newborns. Invasive procedures, prematurity and low birth wight are some causative factors. The clinical signs may be mild. We report a neonate with calcaneous osteomyelitis which was secondary to a Guthrie test sample. She was admitted to hospital with swelling, redness and increased temperature on her heel. Superficial tissue ultrasound showed fluid collection with heavy content was observed on the posterior of the right foot. Puncture and drainage was performed and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the drainage culture...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728753/a-27-year-old-ecuadorian-male-with-painful-swelling-of-his-left-foot
#16
Beatriz Lopez-Alonso, Alvaro Irigoyen-von-Sierakowski, Antonio Beltran-Rosel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719274/risk-factors-for-podoconiosis-kamwenge-district-western-uganda-september-2015
#17
Christine Kihembo, Ben Masiira, William Z Lali, Gabriel K Matwale, Joseph K B Matovu, Frank Kaharuza, Alex R Ario, Immaculate Nabukenya, Issa Makumbi, Monica Musenero, Bao-Ping Zhu, Miriam Nanyunja
AbstractPodoconiosis, a noninfectious elephantiasis, is a disabling neglected tropical disease. In August 2015, an elephantiasis case-cluster was reported in Kamwenge District, western Uganda. We investigated to identify the disease's nature and risk factors. We defined a suspected podoconiosis case as onset in a Kamwenge resident of bilateral asymmetrical lower limb swelling lasting ≥ 1 month, plus ≥ 1 of the following associated symptoms: skin itching, burning sensation, plantar edema, lymph ooze, prominent skin markings, rigid toes, or mossy papillomata...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712402/-xinfeng-capsule-improves-lung-function-by-regulating-notch-jagged-hes-axis-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-adjuvant-arthritis-rats
#18
Lei Wan, Jian Liu, Chuanbing Huang, Wandong Zhang, Yajun Qi, Xiaojun Zhang
Objective To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsule (XFC) on Notch/Jagged-HES of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECII). Methods Rats were divided for four groups: normal control (NC) group, model control (MC) group, leflunomide (LEF) group, XFC group, with 10 rats in each group. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected in the right foot plantar skin of each rat except for the NC group. After adjuvant arthritis was successfully induced, LEF group was given LEF (0.5 mg/100 g), and XFC group was treated with XFC (0...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689467/an-investigation-on-four-different-sit-stand-workstation-use-schedules
#19
Stephen Bao, Jia-Hua Lin
Twelve office workers participated in a study investigating effects of four sit/stand schedules (90-min sit/30-min stand, 80/40, 105/15, and 60/60) via several objective and subjective measures (muscle fatigue, foot swelling, spinal shrinkage, and self-reported discomfort). Results showed that there were no significant differences in shoulder and low back static muscle activities between sitting and standing. Muscle fatigue was developed during workday under all schedules. The longest standing schedule seemed to have a tendency of reducing muscle fatigue...
July 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647521/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-a-pediatric-patient
#20
Karan Dua, James M Barsi
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. HO is most commonly diagnosed in the setting of localized trauma, which results in improper differentiation of progenitor cells, leading to aberrant tissue formation. In the pediatric population, nongenetic causes of HO have rarely been reported, especially HO involving the tendons of the ankle. We present a case of HO of the peroneus brevis tendon without systemic disease in a pediatric patient. The patient was a 7-year-old female with a normal birth and developmental history who first presented 6 weeks after a right ankle sprain with pain localized to the lateral calcaneus...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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