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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417204/injuries-to-the-chopart-joint-complex-a-current-review
#1
REVIEW
Halah Kutaish, R Stern, L Drittenbass, M Assal
Chopart complex injuries (CCIs) are thought to be uncommon; however, recent literature states the rate of misdiagnosis to be between 20 and 41%. Chopart complex injuries are not ankle injuries, with which they are initially confused due to a similar mechanism of trauma in many cases. Injury to the Chopart complex commonly affects multiple structures. The key to optimal treatment is a high index of clinical suspicion combined with timely accurate imaging studies. Careful diagnostic workup with high-quality radiographs of the foot in neutral position should be obtained...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402976/apelin-13-protects-against-ischemic-blood-brain-barrier-damage-through-the-effects-of-aquaporin-4
#2
Heling Chu, Xiaobo Yang, Chuyi Huang, Zidan Gao, Yuping Tang, Qiang Dong
BACKGROUND: Apelin-13 has been found to have protective effects on many neurological diseases, including cerebral ischemia. However, whether Apelin-13 acts on blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption following cerebral ischemia is largely unknown. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has a close link with BBB due to the high concentration in astrocyte foot processes and regulation of astrocytes function. Here, we aimed to test Apelin-13's effects on ischemic BBB injury and examine whether the effects were dependent on AQP4...
April 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393971/-mechanical-and-pharmacomechanical-trombolysis-in-deep-venous-thrombosis-with-no-clinical-response-to-conventional-treatment
#3
Leopoldo Marine, Jesús Urbina, Michel Bergoeing, Francisco Valdés, Renato Mertens, Albrecht Kramer
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is anticoagulation, bed rest and limb elevation. Proximal DVT patients with persisting edema, pain and cyanosis of extremities despite of conventional therapy may develop ischemia. Direct treatment of thrombosis becomes necessary. AIM: To report our experience with mechanical trombolysis of proximal lower extremity DVT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of proximal DVT patients treated with thrombolysis between March 2012 and August 2015...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386623/chronic-swelling-of-the-foot
#4
EDITORIAL
Dyan V Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372572/distal-appendicular-skeletal-involvement-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-on-technetium-99m-methylenediphosphonate-bone-scintigraphy-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#5
Insook Park, Sungmin Kang
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a patient with appendicular bone involvement of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma visualized by whole-body technetium-99m methylenediphosphonate bone scintigraphy (bone scan) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old Asian man who had gingival swelling of the labial area of the left maxillary lateral incisor presented to our institution. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography demonstrated hypermetabolic lesions with maximum standardized uptake values of 12...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358605/therapeutic-use-of-regional-limb-perfusion-in-a-chicken
#6
Cameron M Ratliff, Bianca A Zaffarano
A 2-year-old, 3.8-kg male Rhode Island red rooster was examined for lameness and progressive swelling of the right foot of several month's duration. Radiographs of the right foot demonstrated soft tissue swelling and a smoothly marginated periosteal reaction evident of inflammation affecting the bones. Results of a complete blood count showed a moderate leukocytosis and an elevated total protein concentration. Systemic antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy was started, but the bird had not improved at recheck examination...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352961/chronic-swelling-of-the-foot
#7
EDITORIAL
Dyan V Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#8
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319279/borderline-lepromatous-leprosy-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-and-a-generalized-varicella-zoster-virus-infection
#9
Cornelis Kennedy, Bernard Naafs
We report the case of a thirty-year-old man with Mid-Borderline (BB) to Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy (BL) who was admitted to the hospital with blistering lesions on his upper and lower extremities. These lesions, which were partly filled with pus rapidly developed into erosions and ulcerations with hemorrhagic crusts. Other observations at time of admission included a tender erythematous plaque on his forehead, a drop foot on the right leg, muscle atrophy in both hands, a low grade fever, and pain and swelling in his right lower jaw...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293191/an-exploration-of-charge-compensating-ion-channels-across-the-phagocytic-vacuole-of-neutrophils
#10
Juliet R Foote, Philippe Behe, Mathew Frampton, Adam P Levine, Anthony W Segal
Neutrophils phagocytosing bacteria and fungi exhibit a burst of non-mitochondrial respiration that is required to kill and digest the engulfed microbes. This respiration is accomplished by the movement of electrons across the wall of the phagocytic vacuole by the neutrophil NADPH oxidase, NOX2. In this study, we have attempted to identify the non-proton ion channels or transporters involved in charge compensation by examining the effect of inhibitors on vacuolar pH and cross-sectional area, and on oxygen consumption...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282539/increasing-podiatry-referrals-for-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-singapore-a-quality-improvement-project
#11
K Carter, P P Cheung, K Rome, A Santosa, M Lahiri
BACKGROUND: Foot disease is highly prevalent in people with inflammatory arthritis and is often under-recognized. Podiatry intervention can significantly reduce foot pain and disability, with timely access being the key factor. The aim of this study was to plan and implement a quality improvement project to identify the barriers to, and improve, uptake of podiatry services among patients with inflammatory arthritis-related foot problems seen at a tertiary hospital in Singapore. METHOD: A 6-month quality improvement program was conducted by a team of key stakeholders using quality improvement tools to identify, implement and test several interventions designed to improve uptake of podiatry services...
December 28, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261425/intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Hong Suk Kwak, Jai Ho Cho, Jung Taek Kim, Jeong Joon Yoo, Hee Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a relatively common and potentially life threatening complication after major hip surgery. There are two main types of prophylaxis: chemical and mechanical. Chemical prophylaxis is very effective but causes bleeding complications in surgical wounds and remote organs. On the other hand, mechanical methods are free of hemorrhagic complications but are less effective. We hypothesized that mechanical prophylaxis is effective enough for Asians in whom VTE occurs less frequently...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225220/efficacy-of-ruscus-extract-hmc-and-vitamin-c-constituents-of-cyclo-3-fort%C3%A2-on-improving-individual-venous-symptoms-and-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#13
Stavros K Kakkos, François A Allaert
INTRODUCTION: Venoactive drugs (VADs) are considered an important component of the medical (conservative) treatment of chronic venous disorders (CVDs). However, the efficacy of certain VADs on one or more individual leg symptoms may have not been extensively studied to justify a high level or grade of recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effectiveness of VADs containing Ruscus across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms...
April 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209169/vascular-impulse-technology-versus-elevation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-swelling-of-extremity-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Marc Schnetzke, Benedict Swartman, Isabel Bonnen, Holger Keil, Svenja Schüler, Paul A Grützner, Jochen Franke
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the extremities are often complicated by a variable degree of swelling secondary to hemorrhage and soft tissue injury. Patients typically require up to 7 days of inpatient bed rest and elevation to reduce swelling to an acceptable level for operative treatment with internal fixation. Alternatively, an intermittent pneumatic compression device, such as the Vascular Impulse Technology (VIT) system, can be used at the injured extremity to reduce the posttraumatic swelling...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207896/rna-seq-analysis-of-chikungunya-virus-infection-and-identification-of-granzyme-a-as-a-major-promoter-of-arthritic-inflammation
#15
Jane A C Wilson, Natalie A Prow, Wayne A Schroder, Jonathan J Ellis, Helen E Cumming, Linden J Gearing, Yee Suan Poo, Adam Taylor, Paul J Hertzog, Francesca Di Giallonardo, Linda Hueston, Roger Le Grand, Bing Tang, Thuy T Le, Joy Gardner, Suresh Mahalingam, Pierre Roques, Phillip I Bird, Andreas Suhrbier
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthritogenic alphavirus causing epidemics of acute and chronic arthritic disease. Herein we describe a comprehensive RNA-Seq analysis of feet and lymph nodes at peak viraemia (day 2 post infection), acute arthritis (day 7) and chronic disease (day 30) in the CHIKV adult wild-type mouse model. Genes previously shown to be up-regulated in CHIKV patients were also up-regulated in the mouse model. CHIKV sequence information was also obtained with up to ≈8% of the reads mapping to the viral genome; however, no adaptive viral genome changes were apparent...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167862/mycetoma-in-a-non-endemic-area-a-diagnostic-challenge
#16
Boubacar Efared, Layla Tahiri, Marou Soumana Boubacar, Gabrielle Atsam-Ebang, Nawal Hammas, El Fatemi Hinde, Laila Chbani
BACKGROUND: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infectious disease caused by filamentous bacteria or by fungi. The disease is endemic in certain tropical and subtropical areas of the world but can be found elsewhere posing sometimes a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year- old man presented with a right foot swelling evolving for 25 years. During that time, several diagnosis and treatments have been made without any improvement. The disease spread to bones, and misdiagnosed as Kaposi's sarcoma...
2017: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133359/myonecrosis-in-sickle-cell-anemia-case-study
#17
Lalita Prabha Turaga, Prajwal Boddu, Steve Kipferl, Anupam Basu, Martin Yorath
BACKGROUND Myonecrosis is one of the more poorly studied, painful manifestations of sickle cell crisis. Medical literature is sparse detailing the manifestations and management of such symptoms. In myonecrosis, red cells containing sickle hemoglobin become rigid, resulting in reduced blood flow and myonecrosis. CASE REPORT We present a case study of a patient in sickle cell crisis with an episode of acute pain and swelling to the intrinsic muscles of the foot as a prominent feature of the crises. Although muscle biopsy is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of myositis or myonecrosis, a low intensity signal on T1 and high intensity signal on T2 at the affected muscle belly can be as conclusive as imaging studies...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073138/-long-term-complications-due-to-polyethylene-wear-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#18
Matthias Aurich
This is the case of an 84-year-old patient 18 years after total knee replacement. Regular follow-up examinations did not take place beyond 10 years of implantation, so that subsequent wear of the polyethylene insert was not detected. The patient presented because of knee pain, swelling of the calf, and a drop foot. Examination showed a large ganglion with pressure on the peroneal nerve, and a loose knee replacement with severe inlay wear and extensive osteolysis around the tibial and femoral implants. This rare case demonstrates the importance of regular clinical and radiological follow-up examinations after total joint replacements, particularly in the long term...
January 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056924/anti-arthritic-activity-of-ethanol-extract-of-claoxylon-indicum-on-freund-s-complete-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#19
Yong Chen, Qi-Wen Wang, Jian Zuo, Jian-Wei Chen, Xiang Li
BACKGROUND: Claoxylon indicum Hassk. (Euphorbiaceae), named Diu Le Bang, have functions of dehumidification and relieving swelling pain, and is used as a folk medicine to treat Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), lumbocrural pain and foot edema in the south of China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-arthritic activity of the ethanol extract of Claoxylon indicum (CIE) on mice with adjuvant induced joint arthritis. METHODS: Adjuvant arthritis was induced in mice by subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the plantar surface of right hind paw...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050432/epidermoid-cyst-of-the-sole-a-case-report
#20
Sathyakrishna Basavapatna Ramakrishnaiah, Santosh Singh Rajput, Nayar Sajeeth Gopinathan
Epidermoid cysts are common benign subcutaneous lesion also termed as epidermal cysts. Epidermoid cyst are commonly seen in hairy regions of body like scalp, face and scrotum, can be single or multiple, but rarely can occur in glabrous skin of palm and sole. They are known to result from progressive cystic ectasia of the infundibular portion of hair follicle but the pathogenesis in palmo-plantar epidermoid cyst differs that is traumatic sequestration of epidermal elements into dermis. Here, we report a case of 30-year-old female presented with complaints of swelling in her left sole...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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