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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647521/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-a-pediatric-patient
#1
Karan Dua, James M Barsi
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. HO is most commonly diagnosed in the setting of localized trauma, which results in improper differentiation of progenitor cells, leading to aberrant tissue formation. In the pediatric population, nongenetic causes of HO have rarely been reported, especially HO involving the tendons of the ankle. We present a case of HO of the peroneus brevis tendon without systemic disease in a pediatric patient. The patient was a 7-year-old female with a normal birth and developmental history who first presented 6 weeks after a right ankle sprain with pain localized to the lateral calcaneus...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630831/unusual-presentation-of-mycetoma-of-the-foot-a-rare-case-report
#2
Amit Grover, Prashanth Nagaraj, Vinay M Joseph, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection. It is caused by actinomycetes or fungi. It is common in tropical countries and males. Predisposing conditions include malnutrition, poor hygiene, history of trauma, wounds on barefeet, and systemic infections. Eumycotic mycetoma commonly involves lower extremities whereas actinomycosis affects the cervicofacial, thoracic, and abdominal regions. Mycetoma presents with a chronic indurated ulcerated plague with swelling and yellowish discharge of sulfur granules...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617070/oral-subchronic-exposure-to-silver-nanoparticles-causes-renal-damage-through-apoptotic-impairment-and-necrotic-cell-death
#3
Ratnakar Tiwari, Radha Dutt Singh, Hafizurrahman Khan, Siddhartha Gangopadhyay, Sandeep Mittal, Vikas Singh, Nidhi Arjaria, Jai Shankar, Somendu Kumar Roy, Dhirendra Singh, Vikas Srivastava
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials. Following oral exposure, AgNPs can accumulate in various organs including kidneys where they show gender specific accumulation. There is limited information on their effect on renal system following long-term animal exposure especially at the ultramicroscopic and molecular level. In this study, we have assessed the effect of 60 days oral AgNPs treatment on kidneys of female Wistar rats at doses of 50 ppm and 200 ppm that are below previously reported lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL)...
June 15, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612483/laparoscopic-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-for-malignant-foot-melanoma
#4
Sho Yamada, Masanori Kotake, Daiki Kakiuchi, Kengo Hayashi, Masahiro Hada, Yousuke Kato, Kaeko Oyama, Takuo Hara, Haruhisa Taizo
A 39 year-old woman with malignant foot melanoma underwent wide excision of the primary tumor with a safety margin and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for the right inguinal lymph node. SLNB was positive and a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed right iliac lymph node swelling. Positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan of the lymph nodes revealed abnormal uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). We performed a laparoscopic pelvic lymph node obturator, iliac lymph node) dissection. During the operation, several black lymph nodes were observed in the iliac lymph node...
June 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602429/unusual-presentation-of-foreign-body-granuloma-of-the-foot-after-sharp-injury-mimicking-a-malignant-lesion-a-case-report
#5
Narendran Pushpasekaran, Manoharan Muthulingam, Chandrasekaran Marimuthu, Rajan Babu, Naveen Kumar Rajapalani Kumar
Foot foreign body granulomas can mimic malignancies, especially when the history and unusual location pose a diagnostic dilemma. We report the case of a 33-year-old male with delayed-onset progressive swelling over the foot dorsum after a sharp injury through the plantar aspect of the foot. The unusual presentation and radiolucency warranted further radiologic evaluation, which revealed a benign foot swelling. An excision biopsy and histopathologic examination revealed a rubber body granuloma. No recurrence of the granuloma was noted during the 11-month follow-up period after removal of the offending agent...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560172/a-case-of-osteomyelitis-of-the-toe-caused-by-coccidioidomycosis-in-a-17-year-old-with-diabetes-insipidus
#6
Ahmer Khalid, Daniel J Boken, Christine A Nelson, Vicken Y Totten
We report a case of a 17-year-old male who presented with pain in his right first toe. His pain and swelling had worsened and x-rays of his foot revealed erosive changes of the great toe distal phalanx suggesting possible osteomyelitis. His co-morbidities were morbid obesity and diabetes insipidus. He was admitted to the hospital, blood cultures were drawn, and he was started on vancomycin for presumed bacterial osteomyelitis. He underwent incision and drainage of the fluctuant abscess of the toe, where a culture of the wound was taken...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553230/the-lrrc8a-mediated-swell-activated-chloride-conductance-is-dispensable-for-vacuolar-homeostasis-in-neutrophils
#7
Philippe Behe, Juliet R Foote, Adam P Levine, Craig D Platt, Janet Chou, Fernando Benavides, Raif S Geha, Anthony W Segal
The dialysis of human and mouse neutrophils in patch clamp experiments in the conventional whole-cell mode induces the emergence of a chloride (Cl(-)) current that appeared to be primarily regulated by cytoplasmic ionic strength. The characteristics of this current resembled that of the classical, and ubiquitous volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying Cl(-) current: strong outward rectification, selectivity sequence of the Eisenman1 type, insensitivity to external pH and strong inhibition by tamoxifen, DCPIB and WW781...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549283/the-use-of-foot-pumps-compression-devices-in-the-perioperative-management-of-ankle-fractures-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#8
REVIEW
Rachel Clarkson, Samer S S Mahmoud, Amar Rangan, William Eardley, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures account for 9% of all fractures seen in the United Kingdom. 15,000 of these fractures undergo operative fixation each year. Soft tissue swelling impacts on timing of fixation due to fears of infection and wound dehiscence. The use of arterio-venous foot pumps (AVFP) is increasing in this population although the evidence for their efficacy is unclear. In order to address this, we present an overview of the evidence for AVFP device use following ankle fracture...
March 10, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511467/chaput-tubercle-fracture-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-report
#9
Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Vikram Patidar, Satya Prakash Singh
Chaput tubercle fracture occurs at the antero-lateral position of the distal tibia in adult as a counterpart of adolescent Tillaux fracture. It is a case of adult male which presented to us with onset of acute pain, swelling and restricted movements of ankle after a road side accident. A clinical diagnosis of Chaput tubercle fracture was established after a CT-scan. The displaced fracture was managed by open reduction and internal fixation by screw. At the end of follow up, the foot and ankle ability score measured...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507956/an-unusual-case-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-first-metatarsal-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Kumar Prashant, Tulsi Das Bhattacharyya, Herman Frank, Prema Ram
INTRODUCTION: Giant cell tumor (GCT) or osteoclastoma is an osteolytic, mostly benign but locally aggressive tumor occurring in young adults at the epiphysis. Area of predilection is mainly long bones (85-90%). 4% of GCT are also found in iliac bone, spine and only 2% in hand (of which GCT phalanges are more common than metacarpal). GCT of metatarsal is a very rare occurrence with very few cases being reported so far. We report a case of GCT 1(st) metatarsal in a 40-year-old male which is a very rare entity...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503467/medial-lemniscus-tract-lesion-after-high-voltage-electrical-injury-a-case-report
#11
Chul-Hyun Cho, Dong Gyu Lee
We present the case of a 33-year-old man who experienced a 10,000-V electrical shock when working with electrical wiring. He suffered third-degree burns on his scalp at the right occiput (entry wound) and on his left arm (exit would), and a second-degree burn on his left foot (exit wound). He presented with severe spasticity of both lower extremities, motor weakness with a Medical Research Council grade of 3, and sensory impairments below thoracic level 11 that included an inability to sense light touch and defects in proprioception...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478723/unilateral-foot-swelling-in-an-adolescent-with-turner-syndrome
#12
Andrés Mallipudi, Megan Gornet, Elie Portnoy, Michael A Barone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477365/a-foot-tumor-as-late-cutaneous-lyme-borreliosis-a-new-entity
#13
O Bauvin, J L Schmutz, T Busato, B Cribier, A Barbaud, D Wahl, A C Bursztejn
Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans (ACA) is the late cutaneous form of Lyme borreliosis. It is a rare tertiary manifestation characterized by a slowly progressive course over many weeks to months. The early inflammatory phase manifests with a bluish-red discoloration and doughy swelling of the skin. Atrophic phase represents a late-phase process with red discoloration, thin and wrinkled appearance to the skin. We present a patient who exhibited a previously non-described form of late cutaneous Lyme borreliosis (LCLB) with a foot tumor...
May 6, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417204/injuries-to-the-chopart-joint-complex-a-current-review
#14
REVIEW
Halah Kutaish, R Stern, L Drittenbass, M Assal
Chopart complex injuries (CCIs) are thought to be uncommon; however, recent literature states the rate of misdiagnosis to be between 20 and 41%. Chopart complex injuries are not ankle injuries, with which they are initially confused due to a similar mechanism of trauma in many cases. Injury to the Chopart complex commonly affects multiple structures. The key to optimal treatment is a high index of clinical suspicion combined with timely accurate imaging studies. Careful diagnostic workup with high-quality radiographs of the foot in neutral position should be obtained...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402976/apelin-13-protects-against-ischemic-blood-brain-barrier-damage-through-the-effects-of-aquaporin-4
#15
Heling Chu, Xiaobo Yang, Chuyi Huang, Zidan Gao, Yuping Tang, Qiang Dong
BACKGROUND: Apelin-13 has been found to have protective effects on many neurological diseases, including cerebral ischemia. However, whether Apelin-13 acts on blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption following cerebral ischemia is largely unknown. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has a close link with BBB due to the high concentration in astrocyte foot processes and regulation of astrocytes function. Here, we aimed to test Apelin-13's effects on ischemic BBB injury and examine whether the effects were dependent on AQP4...
April 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393971/-mechanical-and-pharmacomechanical-trombolysis-in-deep-venous-thrombosis-with-no-clinical-response-to-conventional-treatment
#16
Leopoldo Marine, Jesús Urbina, Michel Bergoeing, Francisco Valdés, Renato Mertens, Albrecht Kramer
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is anticoagulation, bed rest and limb elevation. Proximal DVT patients with persisting edema, pain and cyanosis of extremities despite of conventional therapy may develop ischemia. Direct treatment of thrombosis becomes necessary. AIM: To report our experience with mechanical trombolysis of proximal lower extremity DVT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of proximal DVT patients treated with thrombolysis between March 2012 and August 2015...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386623/chronic-swelling-of-the-foot
#17
EDITORIAL
Dyan V Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372572/distal-appendicular-skeletal-involvement-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-on-technetium-99m-methylenediphosphonate-bone-scintigraphy-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#18
Insook Park, Sungmin Kang
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a patient with appendicular bone involvement of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma visualized by whole-body technetium-99m methylenediphosphonate bone scintigraphy (bone scan) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old Asian man who had gingival swelling of the labial area of the left maxillary lateral incisor presented to our institution. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography demonstrated hypermetabolic lesions with maximum standardized uptake values of 12...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358605/therapeutic-use-of-regional-limb-perfusion-in-a-chicken
#19
Cameron M Ratliff, Bianca A Zaffarano
A 2-year-old, 3.8-kg male Rhode Island red rooster was examined for lameness and progressive swelling of the right foot of several month's duration. Radiographs of the right foot demonstrated soft tissue swelling and a smoothly marginated periosteal reaction evident of inflammation affecting the bones. Results of a complete blood count showed a moderate leukocytosis and an elevated total protein concentration. Systemic antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy was started, but the bird had not improved at recheck examination...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352961/chronic-swelling-of-the-foot
#20
EDITORIAL
Dyan V Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Skeletal Radiology
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