Read by QxMD icon Read

Methyl cyclodextrin

Ján Krupčík, Roman Gorovenko, Ivan Špánik, Daniel W Armstrong, Pat Sandra
The enantiomeric composition of several chiral markers in lavender essential oil was studied by flow modulated comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography operated in the reverse flow mode and hyphenated to flame ionization and quadrupole mass spectrometric detection. Two capillary column series were used in this study, 2,3-di-O-ethyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-β-cyclodextrin or 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin, as the chiral column in the first dimension and α polyethylene glycol column in the second dimension...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Mariana Certal, Adriana Vinhas, Aurora Barros-Barbosa, Fátima Ferreirinha, Maria Adelina Costa, Paulo Correia-de-Sá
Nucleotides released during heart injury affect myocardium electrophysiology and remodelling through P2 purinoceptors activation in cardiac myofibroblasts. ATP and UTP endorse [Ca(2) +]i accumulation and growth of DDR-2/a-SMA-expressing myofibroblasts from adult rat ventricles via P2Y4 and P2Y2 receptors activation, respectively. Ventricular myofibroblasts also express ADP-sensitive P2Yi, P2Yi2 and P2Yi3 receptors as demonstrated by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and western blot analysis, but little information exists on ADP effects in these cells...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Haruka Imai, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Mikihito Kajiya, Kazuhisa Ouhara, Tetsuya Yoshimoto, Shinji Matsuda, Katsuhiro Takeda, Hidemi Kurihara
BACKGROUND: An investigation of the mechanisms underlying the production of inflammatory cytokines through the stimulation of microorganisms on gingival epithelial cells may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the initiation of periodontitis. Lipid rafts, microdomains in the cell membrane, include a large number of receptors, and are centrally involved in signal transduction. We herein examined the involvement of lipid rafts in the expression of interleukin (IL-6) and IL-8 in gingival epithelial cells stimulated by periodontal pathogens...
October 17, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Akira Takashima, Daiju Fukuda, Kimie Tanaka, Yasutomi Higashikuni, Yoichiro Hirata, Sachiko Nishimoto, Shusuke Yagi, Hirotsugu Yamada, Takeshi Soeki, Tetsuzo Wakatsuki, Yutaka Taketani, Michio Shimabukuro, Masataka Sata
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are major components of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) which inhibit atherogenesis, although few studies have examined the effects of the combination of EPA and DHA on atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether DHA has additional anti-atherosclerotic effects when combined with EPA. METHODS: Male 8-week-old apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe(-/-)) mice were fed a western-type diet supplemented with different amounts of EPA and DHA; EPA (2...
October 5, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Wating Su, Yuan Zhang, Qiongxia Zhang, Jinjin Xu, Liying Zhan, Qiqi Zhu, Qingquan Lian, Huimin Liu, Zhong-Yuan Xia, Zhengyuan Xia, Shaoqing Lei
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes are prone to develop cardiac hypertrophy and more susceptible to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, which are concomitant with hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and impaired endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)/NO signaling. Caveolae are critical in the transduction of eNOS/NO signaling in cardiovascular system. Caveolin (Cav)-3, the cardiomyocytes-specific caveolae structural protein, is decreased in the diabetic heart in which production of reactive oxygen species are increased...
October 12, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Masaya Takehara, Teruhisa Takagishi, Soshi Seike, Kyohei Oishi, Yoshino Fujihara, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Keiko Kobayashi, Masahiro Nagahama
Clostridium perfringens type A, a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium, causes gas gangrene. Recently, we reported that C. perfringens α-toxin blocked neutrophil differentiation in an enzyme activity-dependent manner to impair host innate immunity, which should be crucial for the pathogenesis of C. perfringens. However, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. Lipid rafts have been reported to be platforms for signaling molecules involved in the regulation of cell differentiation in many different cell types...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Daniel Horák, Milan Beneš, Zuzana Procházková, Miroslava Trchová, Arsenii Borysov, Artem Pastukhov, Konstantin Paliienko, Tatiana Borisova
Changes in cholesterol concentration in the plasma membrane of presynaptic nerve terminals nonspecifically modulate glutamate transport and homeostasis in the central nervous system. Reduction of the cholesterol content in isolated rat brain nerve terminals (synaptosomes) using cholesterol-depleting agents decreases the glutamate uptake and increases the extracellular level of glutamate in nerve terminals. Extraction of cholesterol from the plasma membrane and its further removal from the synaptosomes by external magnetic field can be achieved by means of magnetic nanoparticles with immobilized cholesterol-depleting agent such as O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MCD)...
October 4, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Lu Zheng, Leon Yoon Ho, Saif A Khan
The ability to form transient, self-assembling solid networks that 'cocoon' emulsion droplets on-demand allows new possibilities in the rapidly expanding area of microfluidic droplet-based materials science. In this communication, we demonstrate the spontaneous formation of extended colloidal networks that encase large microfluidic droplet ensembles, thus completely arresting droplet motion and effectively isolating each droplet from others in the ensemble. To do this, we employ molecular inclusion complexes of β-cyclodextrin, which spontaneously form and assemble into colloidal solids at the droplet interface and beyond, via the outward diffusion of a guest molecule (dichloromethane) from the droplets...
September 12, 2016: Soft Matter
Maria Malm, Kirsi Tamminen, Suvi Lappalainen, Timo Vesikari, Vesna Blazevic
We have recently shown that tubular form of rotavirus (RV) recombinant VP6 protein has an in vivo adjuvant effect on the immunogenicity of norovirus (NoV) virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine candidate. In here, we investigated in vitro effect of VP6 on antigen presenting cell (APC) activation and maturation and whether VP6 facilitates NoV VLP uptake by these APCs. Mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 and dendritic cell line JAWSII were used as model APCs. Internalization of VP6, cell surface expression of CD40, CD80, CD86, and major histocompatibility class II molecules, and cytokine and chemokine production were analyzed...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Justine Thiry, Fabrice Krier, Shenelka Ratwatte, Jean-Michel Thomassin, Christine Jerome, Brigitte Evrard
The aim of this study was to evaluate hot-melt extrusion (HME) as a continuous process to form cyclodextrin (CD) inclusion complexes in order to increase the solubility and dissolution rate of itraconazole (ITZ), a class II model drug molecule of the Biopharmaceutics Classification System. Different CD derivatives were tested in a 1:1 (CD:ITZ) molar ratio to obtain CD ternary inclusion complexes in the presence of a polymer, namely Soluplus(®) (SOL). The CD used in this series of experiments were β-cyclodextrin (βCD), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) with degrees of substitution of 0...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Alice H Reis, Marcela M Moreno, Lorena A Maia, Fernanda P Oliveira, Andressa S Santos, José Garcia Abreu
Wnt/β-catenin has been described as crucial for dorsal-ventral and antero-posterior patterning, playing multiple roles at different stages of development. Cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (CRMMs), cholesterol- and sphingolipid-enriched domains of the plasma membrane, are known as platforms for signaling pathways. Although we have demonstrated the importance of the CRMMs for head development, how they participate in prechordal plate formation and embryo axis patterning remains an open question. Moreover, the participation of the CRMMs in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activity in vivo is unclear, particularly during embryonic development...
September 26, 2016: Mechanisms of Development
Tao Jia, Shuo Huang, Cangjie Yang, Mingfeng Wang
Multifunctional stable and stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems are important for efficient cancer treatment due to their advantages such as enhanced cancer-targeting efficiency, improved pharmacokinetics, minimized drug leaching, and reduced undesirable side effects. Here we report a robust and pH-responsive anticancer drug delivery system based on unimolecular micelles of star-like amphiphilic copolymers. The polymers (denoted as CPOFs) were facilely synthesized via one-step atom transfer radical polymerization of functionalizable benzoaldehyde and hydrophilic poly[(oligo ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] as comonomers from the core of heptakis [2,3,6-tri-o-(2-bromo-2-methyl propionyl]-β-cyclodextrin as the initiator...
September 29, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Yuqian Luo, Takeshi Akama, Akiko Okayama, Aya Yoshihara, Mariko Sue, Kenzaburo Oda, Moyuru Hayashi, Yuko Ishido, Hisashi Hirano, Naoki Hiroi, Ryohei Katoh, Koichi Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Thyroglobulin (Tg) stored in thyroid follicles regulates follicular function in thyroid hormone (TH) synthesis by suppressing thyroid-specific gene expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Thus, Tg is an intrinsic negative-feedback regulator that can restrain the effect of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the follicle. However, the underlying mechanisms by which Tg exerts its prominent autoregulatory effect following recognition by thyrocytes remains unclear. METHODS: To identify potential proteins that recognize and interact with Tg, mass spectrometry (MS) was used to analyze immunoprecipitated Tg-bound proteins derived from Tg-treated rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells...
September 27, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Marie-Theres Zeuner, Carmen L Krüger, Katharina Volk, Karen Bieback, Graeme S Cottrell, Mike Heilemann, Darius Widera
A distinct feature of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is its ability to trigger both MyD88-dependent and MyD88-independent signalling, culminating in activation of pro-inflammatory NF-κB and/or the antiviral IRF3. Although TLR4 agonists (lipopolysaccharides; LPSs) derived from different bacterial species have different endotoxic activity, the impact of LPS chemotype on the downstream signalling is not fully understood. Notably, different TLR4 agonists exhibit anti-tumoural activity in animal models of glioma, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown...
September 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Kazuya Eguchi, Doreen Niether, Simone Wiegand, Rio Kita
Cyclodextrins are cyclic oligosaccharides which are interesting as drug delivery systems, because they can be used as containers for pharmaceutical substances. We studied the Ludwig-Soret effect of [Formula: see text]-, [Formula: see text]-, [Formula: see text]- and methyl-[Formula: see text]-cyclodextrin in water and formamide by infrared thermal diffusion forced Rayleigh scattering (IR-TDFRS). In water the Soret coefficient, S T, of [Formula: see text]-, [Formula: see text]- and [Formula: see text]-cyclodextrin increases with increasing temperature and shows a sign change from negative to positive around T = 35 (°) C, while S T of methyl-[Formula: see text]-cyclodextrin is positive in the entire investigated temperature...
September 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Markus J Kettel, Elisabeth Heine, Karola Schaefer, Martin Moeller
Antimicrobial nanogels, aggregates, and films are prepared by complexation of the antiseptic and bacteriostatic agent chlorhexidine (CHX) for medical and dental applications. A series of α-, β-, and γ-cyclodextrin methacrylate (CD-MA) containing hydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) based nanogels are loaded quantitatively with CHX in aqueous dispersion. The results show that CHX is enhancedly complexed by the use of CD-MA domains in the particles structure. β-CD-MA nanogels present the highest uptake of CHX...
September 20, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Laurelle M Joseph, Kelly Chibale, Mino R Caira
Cyclodextrins (CDs) were used to increase the aqueous solubility of a recently discovered orally active 3,5-diaryl-2-aminopyridine antimalarial drug lead (MMP). Phase-solubility studies using β-CD, hydroxypropyl-β-CD, and heptakis(2,6-di-O-methyl)-β-CD (DIMEB) as potential solubilizers for MMP yielded solubility enhancement factors of 17, 49, and 65, respectively, at 25°C with CD concentrations ∼20 mM. A crystalline complex, DIMEB⋅MMP⋅2H2O, was prepared and characterized by thermal and single-crystal X-ray analyses...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jian Yin, Niel M Henriksen, David R Slochower, Michael K Gilson
The absolute binding free energies and binding enthalpies of twelve host-guest systems in the SAMPL5 blind challenge were computed using our attach-pull-release (APR) approach. This method has previously shown good correlations between experimental and calculated binding data in retrospective studies of cucurbit[7]uril (CB7) and β-cyclodextrin (βCD) systems. In the present work, the computed binding free energies for host octa acid (OA or OAH) and tetra-endo-methyl octa-acid (TEMOA or OAMe) with guests are in good agreement with prospective experimental data, with a coefficient of determination (R(2)) of 0...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
S Orlandini, B Pasquini, C Caprini, M Del Bubba, L Squarcialupi, V Colotta, S Furlanetto
A comprehensive strategy involving the use of mixture-process variable (MPV) approach and Quality by Design principles has been applied in the development of a capillary electrophoresis method for the simultaneous determination of the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac and its five related substances. The selected operative mode consisted in microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography with the addition of methyl-β-cyclodextrin. The critical process parameters included both the mixture components (MCs) of the microemulsion and the process variables (PVs)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Hiroaki Kitagishi, Shun Kurosawa, Koji Kano
The intramolecular oxidation of ROCH3 to ROCH2 OH, where the latter compound spontaneously decomposed to ROH and HCHO, was observed during the reaction of the supramolecular complex (met-hemoCD3) with cumene hydroperoxide in aqueous solution. Met-hemoCD3 is composed of meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphinatoiron(III) (Fe(III) TPPS) and a per-O-methylated β-cyclodextrin dimer having an -OCH2 PyCH2 O- linker (Py=pyridine-3,5-diyl). The O=Fe(IV) TPPS complex was formed by the reaction of met-hemoCD3 with cumene hydroperoxide, and isolated by gel-filtration chromatography...
September 12, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"