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Methyl cyclo dextrin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24425017/effect-of-methyl-cyclodextrin-on-adenylate-cyclase-activity-of-bordetella-pertussis
#1
D F Hozbor, A Samo, O M Yantorno
The activity of Bordetella pertussis extracytoplasmic adenylate cyclase (AC) decreased during decelerating growth phase in a Stainer-Scholte medium. Neither proteolytic activity nor virulence variation (phase variation; antigenic modulation) appears to be responsible for the observed activity fall. The addition of methyl-β-cyclo-dextrin enhances AC activity and prevents the inhibition of AC activity by fatty acids. Cyclodextrin could entrap inhibitors increasing in this way the AC activity. These results show that the inclusion of cyclodextrin in the culture medium increases the AC activity...
May 1991: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21611203/igf1r-signaling-in-ewing-sarcoma-is-shaped-by-clathrin-caveolin-dependent-endocytosis
#2
Ana Sofia Martins, José Luis Ordóñez, Ana Teresa Amaral, Frans Prins, Giuseppe Floris, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Enrique de Alava
Receptor endocytosis is critical for cell signaling. IGF1R mediates an autocrine loop that is de-regulated in Ewing Sarcoma (ES) cells. Here we study the impact of IGF1R internalization, mediated by clathrin and caveolin-1 (CAV1), in ES signaling. We used clathrin and CAV1-siRNA to interfere in clathrin- and caveolin-dependent endocytosis. Chlorpromazine (CPMZ) and methyl-beta-cyclo-dextrin (MCD) were also used in order to inhibit clathrin- and caveolin-dependent endocytosis, respectively. We analyzed IGF1R internalization and co-localization with clathrin and CAV1 upon ligand binding, as well as the status of the IGF1R pathway, cellular proliferation, and the apoptosis of interfered and inhibited ES cells...
2011: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17507466/lipid-rafts-of-primary-endothelial-cells-are-essential-for-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-human-herpesvirus-8-induced-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-and-rhoa-gtpases-critical-for-microtubule-dynamics-and-nuclear-delivery-of-viral-dna-but-dispensable
#3
Hari Raghu, Neelam Sharma-Walia, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Sathish Sadagopan, Adriana Caballero, Ramu Sivakumar, Laszlo Varga, Virginie Bottero, Bala Chandran
Early during de novo infection of human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) (human herpesvirus 8 [HHV-8]) induces the host cell's preexisting FAK, Src, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), Rho-GTPases, Diaphanous-2 (Dia-2), Ezrin, protein kinase C-zeta, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and NF-kappaB signal pathways that are critical for virus entry, nuclear delivery of viral DNA, and initiation of viral gene expression. Since several of these signal molecules are known to be associated with lipid raft (LR) domains, we investigated the role of LR during KSHV infection of HMVEC-d cells...
August 2007: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16536462/dna-transfer-into-human-lung-cells-is-improved-with-tat-rgd-peptide-by-caveoli-mediated-endocytosis
#4
Aparna Renigunta, Gabriela Krasteva, Peter König, Frank Rose, Walter Klepetko, Friedrich Grimminger, Werner Seeger, Jörg Hänze
Cell lines and primary cells exhibit varying degrees of resistance to DNA transfection strategies. In this study, we employed the synthetic peptide Tat-RGD (TR), composed of the HIV-1 derived translocation peptide Tat fused to the integrin binding RGD motif, as a tool for improving DNA transfer into pulmonary cells. Binding experiments between DNA and TR and cytotoxicity measurements of TR treated cells were undertaken to optimize DNA and TR concentrations for transfection. Addition of a complex of TR and DNA (TRD) to A549 cells yielded significant transgene expression...
March 2006: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2276154/photolabile-spacer-modified-oligosaccharides-for-probing-malto-oligosaccharide-binding-sites-in-proteins
#5
J Lehmann, L Ziser
O-Deacylation and S-deacylation of the diastereomers of 2-azido-4-S-benzoyl-4-mercaptobutyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (9) with methanolic sodium methoxide and coupling of the resulting thiol to methyl 3,4-anhydro-6-deoxy-beta-L-arabino-hex-5-enopyranoside (2) gave the corresponding diastereomers of the spacer-modified disaccharide methyl 4-S-(3-azido-4-alpha-D-glucopyranosyloxybutyl)-6-deoxy-4-thio-alph a-D-xylo-hex-5-enopyranoside (10). Glucosylation of the diastereomers of 10 with alpha-cyclo-dextrin-CGTase and treatment of the products with beta-amylase gave the diastereomers of the spacer-modified oligosaccharides methyl 4-S-(3-azido-4-alpha-maltosyloxybutyl)-6-deoxy-4-thio-alpha-D-xylo -hex-5-enopyranosides (11) and 4-S-(3-azido-4-alpha-maltotriosyloxybutyl)-6-deoxy-4-thio-alpha-D- hex-5-enopyranosides (12)...
September 19, 1990: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1112801/complex-formation-between-mycobacterial-polysaccharides-or-cyclodextrins-and-palmitoyl-coenzyme-a
#6
R Bergeron, Y Machida, K Bloch
The mycobacterial polysaccharides MMP (3-O-methyl-mannose-containing polysaccharide), MGLP (lipolysaccharide containing 6-O-methylglucose and glucose), and the cyclodextrins (cyclohexaamylose and cycloheptaamylose) form stoichiometric complexes with palmitoyl-CoA (Machida, Y., Bergeron, R., Flick, P., and Bloch, K. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 6246-6247). Complex formation is presumed to result from hydrophobic interactions. In order to enhance the hydrophobic character of the cyclodextrins the following derivatives have been synthesized: heptakis (2,di-O-propyl)-, heptakis (2,6-di-O-methyl)-, pentakis (6-O-methyl)-, heptakis (3-O-methyl)-, and permethylated beta-cyclo-dextrin...
February 25, 1975: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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