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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795999/the-utility-of-immunohistochemistry-in-mycobacterial-infection-a-proposal-for-multimodality-testing
#1
Isaac H Solomon, Melanie E Johncilla, Jason L Hornick, Danny A Milner
Mycobacterium species are slow growing bacteria that cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Because of the relative rarity of mycobacterial infections, potential for detection of nonpathogenic environmental contaminants, and substantial costs associated with molecular diagnostics, effective screening methods are needed to identify samples most suitable for molecular testing. While anatomic pathology specimens can be utilized to identify characteristic histologic inflammatory patterns and to directly visualize mycobacteria through histochemical (acid fast bacilli [AFB]) stains, the utility of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in this setting is unknown...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752840/genetic-evaluation-of-juvenile-xanthogranuloma-genomic-abnormalities-are-uncommon-in-solitary-lesions-advanced-cases-may-show-more-complexity
#2
Christian N Paxton, Dennis P O'Malley, Andrew M Bellizzi, Deema Alkapalan, Yuri Fedoriw, Jason L Hornick, Sherrie L Perkins, Sarah T South, Erica F Andersen
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a rare histiocytic proliferation primarily affecting infants and young children, characterized by aberrant infiltration of histiocyte-derived cells in the skin, soft tissues and more rarely, visceral organs. Juvenile xanthogranuloma is generally considered to be a benign disorder; most lesions are solitary cutaneous nodules that resolve spontaneously without treatment. However, cases with extracutaneous involvement, multiple lesions, and/or systemic disease often require aggressive therapy...
July 28, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714765/comparison-of-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptor-antibody-reagents-using-proficiency-testing-data
#3
Megan L Troxell, Thomas Long, Jason L Hornick, Abiy B Ambaye, Kristin C Jensen
CONTEXT: - Immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) expression in breast cancer is the current standard of care and directly determines therapy. In 2010 the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) published guidelines for ER and PgR predictive testing, encompassing preanalytic, analytic, postanalytic factors; antibody validation; and proficiency testing. OBJECTIVE: - To compare the performance of different antibody reagents for ER and PgR immunohistochemical analysis by using CAP proficiency testing data...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662997/next-generation-immunohistochemistry-emerging-substitutes-to-genetic-testing
#4
REVIEW
Juliana Andrici, Anthony J Gill, Jason L Hornick
The identification of at-risk kindreds facilitates screening and risk reduction strategies for patients with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes. Recently, immunohistochemistry (IHC) has emerged as a cost-effective strategy for detecting or inferring the presence of mutations in both tumors and the germline of patients presenting with tumors associated with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes. In this review we discuss the use of novel IHC markers, including PRKAR1A, β-catenin, SDHB, fumarate hydratase and 2SC, HRASQ61R, BAP1, parafibromin and glucagon, which have either established applications or show promise for surgical pathologists to complement morphological or clinical suspicion of hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes...
June 27, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643791/ewsr1-fusion-proteins-mediate-pax7-expression-in-ewing-sarcoma
#5
Gregory W Charville, Wei-Lien Wang, Davis R Ingram, Angshumoy Roy, Dafydd Thomas, Rajiv M Patel, Jason L Hornick, Matt van de Rijn, Alexander J Lazar
PAX7 is a paired-box transcription factor that is required for the developmental specification of adult skeletal muscle progenitors in mice. We previously demonstrated PAX7 expression as a marker of skeletal muscle differentiation in rhabdomyosarcoma. Here, using analyses of published whole-genome gene expression microarray data, we identify PAX7 as a gene with significantly increased expression in Ewing sarcoma in comparison to CIC-DUX4 round cell sarcoma. Analysis of PAX7 in a large cohort of 103 Ewing sarcoma cases by immunohistochemistry revealed expression in 99...
June 23, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640941/phox2b-reliably-distinguishes-neuroblastoma-among-small-round-blue-cell-tumors
#6
Yin P Hung, John P Lee, Andrew M Bellizzi, Jason L Hornick
AIMS: Neuroblastoma shows considerable histologic overlap with other small round blue cell tumors. PHOX2B, a transcription factor essential for autonomic nervous system development, has been reported as an immunohistochemical marker for neuroblastoma. The purpose of this study was to validate the specificity and diagnostic utility of PHOX2B for peripheral neuroblastic tumors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 240 cases (133 in whole-tissue sections; 107 in tissue microarrays), including 76 peripheral neuroblastic tumors [median age 2 years; including 4 adults] and 164 other tumors: 44 Wilms tumors; 20 Ewing sarcomas; 10 each CIC-rearranged round cell sarcomas, poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas, lymphoblastic lymphomas, alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, mesenchymal chondrosarcomas, Merkel cell carcinomas, olfactory neuroblastomas, and melanomas; 5 each NUT midline carcinomas and desmoplastic small round cell tumors...
June 22, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622183/cyclin-d1-is-expressed-in-neoplastic-cells-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-but-not-reactive-langerhans-cell-proliferations
#7
Vignesh Shanmugam, Jeffrey W Craig, Jason L Hornick, Elizabeth A Morgan, Geraldine S Pinkus, Olga Pozdnyakova
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is characterized by frequent activating mutations involving the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Therefore, downstream markers of MAPK pathway activation such as cyclin D1 may be useful as novel diagnostic markers of neoplasia in LCH. The goal of this study was to investigate cyclin D1 expression in LCH and reactive Langerhans cell accumulations using immunohistochemistry on archival tissue. All LCH cases tested (39/39) showed cyclin D1 expression in CD1a/Langerin cells...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621320/genomic-analysis-of-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-by-molecular-inversion-probe-array-reveals-tumor-suppressor-driven-biology
#8
Erica F Andersen, Christian N Paxton, Dennis P O'Malley, Abner Louissaint, Jason L Hornick, Gabriel K Griffin, Yuri Fedoriw, Young S Kim, Lawrence M Weiss, Sherrie L Perkins, Sarah T South
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of dendritic cell origin that is currently poorly characterized by genetic studies. To investigate whether recurrent genomic alterations may underlie the biology of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and to identify potential contributory regions and genes, molecular inversion probe array analysis was performed on 14 independent formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Abnormal genomic profiles were observed in 11 out of 14 (79%) cases. The majority showed extensive genomic complexity that was predominantly represented by hemizygous losses affecting multiple chromosomes...
June 16, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551277/an-extrauterine-environment-for-neonatal-development-extending-fetal-physiology-beyond-the-womb
#9
REVIEW
Emily A Partridge, Marcus G Davey, Matthew A Hornick, Alan W Flake
Extreme prematurity is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, and remains an unsolved clinical challenge. The development of an artificial womb, an extrauterine system recreating the intrauterine environment, would support ongoing growth and organ maturation of the extreme preterm fetus and would have the potential to substantially improve survival and reduce morbidity. Previous efforts toward the development of such a system have demonstrated the ability to maintain the isolated fetus for short periods of support, but have failed to achieve the long-term stability required for clinical application...
May 24, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550026/localized-adult-ewing-sarcoma-favorable-outcomes-with-alternating-vincristine-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide-and-ifosfamide-etoposide-vdc-ie-based-multimodality-therapy
#10
Jennifer L Pretz, Constance M Barysauskas, Suzanne George, Jason L Hornick, Chandrajit P Raut, Yen-Lin E Chen, Karen J Marcus, Edwin Choy, Francis Hornicek, John E Ready, Thomas F DeLaney, Elizabeth H Baldini
BACKGROUND: In children with localized Ewing sarcoma (ES), addition of ifosfamide and etoposide to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine (VDC/IE) improved 5-year overall survival (OS) to 70%-80%. Prior to delivery of VDC/IE in adults, 5-year OS was <50%. We reviewed our institutional outcomes for adults with ES who received VDC/IE-based treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1997-2013, 67 adults with localized ES were treated with curative intent...
May 26, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534492/corrigendum-an-extra-uterine-system-to-physiologically-support-the-extreme-premature-lamb
#11
Emily A Partridge, Marcus G Davey, Matthew A Hornick, Patrick E McGovern, Ali Y Mejaddam, Jesse D Vrecenak, Carmen Mesas-Burgos, Aliza Olive, Robert C Caskey, Theodore R Weiland, Jiancheng Han, Alexander J Schupper, James T Connelly, Kevin C Dysart, Jack Rychik, Holly L Hedrick, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15112.
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501742/differences-in-the-imaging-features-and-distribution-of-non-indolent-and-indolent-mastocytosis-a-single-institution-experience-of-29-patients
#12
Yan Epelboym, Abhishek R Keraliya, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Jason L Hornick, Nikhil H Ramaiya, Atul B Shinagare
PURPOSE: Compare imaging features of indolent and non-indolent mastocytosis. METHODS: For 29 patients, imaging features, imaging indications, and distribution of indolent and non-indolent mastocytosis subtypes were analyzed. RESULTS: 16/29 (55%) patients had three distinct patterns of osseous abnormality, not significantly differing between cohorts. Non-indolent disease was more likely to present with hepatomegaly (p=0.0004), splenomegaly (p=0...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464318/examination-of-phox2b-in-adult-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-reveals-relatively-frequent-expression-in-phaeochromocytomas-and-paragangliomas
#13
John P Lee, Yin P Hung, Thomas M O'Dorisio, James R Howe, Jason L Hornick, Andrew M Bellizzi
AIMS: Paired-like homeobox 2b (PHOX2B) is a transcription factor with expression outside of the central nervous system restricted to neurons and chromaffin cells of the autonomic nervous system. Germline mutations cause congenital central hypoventilation syndrome and predispose to neuroblastoma and Hirschsprung disease. Among paediatric small round cell tumours, PHOX2B is neuroblastoma-specific. Two studies of adult autonomic nervous system tumours (n = 62) produced conflicting results (all tumours stained in one; expression restricted to 40% of paragangliomas in the other)...
May 2, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463157/histologic-appearance-after-preoperative-radiation-therapy-for-soft-tissue-sarcoma-assessment-of-the-european-organization-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-soft-tissue-and-bone-sarcoma-group-response-score
#14
Inga-Marie Schaefer, Jason L Hornick, Constance M Barysauskas, Chandrajit P Raut, Sagar A Patel, Trevor J Royce, Christopher D M Fletcher, Elizabeth H Baldini
PURPOSE: To critically assess the prognostic value of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group (EORTC-STBSG) response score and define histologic appearance after preoperative radiation therapy (RT) for soft tissue sarcoma (STS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: For a cohort of 100 patients with STS of the extremity/trunk treated at our institution with preoperative RT followed by resection, 2 expert sarcoma pathologists evaluated the resected specimens for percent residual viable cells, necrosis, hyalinization/fibrosis, and infarction...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440792/an-extra-uterine-system-to-physiologically-support-the-extreme-premature-lamb
#15
Emily A Partridge, Marcus G Davey, Matthew A Hornick, Patrick E McGovern, Ali Y Mejaddam, Jesse D Vrecenak, Carmen Mesas-Burgos, Aliza Olive, Robert C Caskey, Theodore R Weiland, Jiancheng Han, Alexander J Schupper, James T Connelly, Kevin C Dysart, Jack Rychik, Holly L Hedrick, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake
In the developed world, extreme prematurity is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity due to a combination of organ immaturity and iatrogenic injury. Until now, efforts to extend gestation using extracorporeal systems have achieved limited success. Here we report the development of a system that incorporates a pumpless oxygenator circuit connected to the fetus of a lamb via an umbilical cord interface that is maintained within a closed 'amniotic fluid' circuit that closely reproduces the environment of the womb...
April 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440661/morphological-features-and-prognostic-significance-of-arid1a-deficient-esophageal-adenocarcinomas
#16
Michael G Drage, Mingkhwan Tippayawong, Agoston T Agoston, Yifan Zheng, Raphael Bueno, Jason L Hornick, Robert D Odze, Amitabh Srivastava
CONTEXT: - The clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of ARID1A mutation in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the morphological correlates and prognostic significance of ARID1A-deficient EAC. DESIGN: - One hundred twenty cases of primary EAC were evaluated for a predetermined set of histologic features and immunohistochemistry for ARID1A, p53, and MLH1 performed on EAC, as well as adjacent Barrett esophagus and Barrett esophagus-associated dysplasia, when feasible...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397034/comparison-of-milk-fatty-acid-profiles-measured-on-kouri-cows-near-lake-chad-and-on-dairy-cattle-as-reported-by-meta-analytical-data
#17
O Bada Algom, C Fabry, P L Leroy, J-L Hornick
Kouri (Bos taurus) is a breed aboriginal from Lake Chad and threatened with extinction. This study aimed to compare milk fatty acid profiles measured on Kouri cows and on high-yielding dairy cattle in Europe and elsewhere as reported by meta-analytical data (22 experimentations). Milk samples were collected from 14 Kouri dairy cows in dry season (March to June) and fatty acids (FA) were determined by gas chromatography. Overall, 32 FA have been identified. Kouri showed lower values (P < 0.001) in the sum of saturated FA (SFA, -10...
April 10, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385694/phosphatidylcholine-transfer-protein-stard2-promotes-microvesicular-steatosis-and-liver-injury-in-murine-experimental-steatohepatitis
#18
Hayley T Nicholls, Jason L Hornick, David E Cohen
Mice fed a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet develop steatohepatitis that recapitulates key features of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in humans. Phosphatidylcholine is the most abundant phospholipid in the surfactant monolayer that coats and stabilizes lipid droplets within cells, and choline is required for its major biosynthetic pathway. Phosphatidylcholine-transfer protein (PC-TP), which exchanges phosphatidylcholines among membranes, is enriched in hepatocytes. PC-TP also regulates fatty acid metabolism through interactions with thioesterase superfamily member 2...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376936/the-effect-of-concentrate-allocation-on-traffic-and-milk-production-of-pasture-based-cows-milked-by-an-automatic-milking-system
#19
F Lessire, E Froidmont, J Shortall, J L Hornick, I Dufrasne
Increased economic, societal and environmental challenges facing agriculture are leading to a greater focus on effective way to combine grazing and automatic milking systems (AMS). One of the fundamental aspects of robotic milking is cows' traffic to the AMS. Numerous studies have identified feed provided, either as fresh grass or concentrate supplement, as the main incentive for cows to return to the robot. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of concentrate allocation on voluntary cow traffic from pasture to the robot during the grazing period, to highlight the interactions between grazed pasture and concentrate allocation in terms of substitution rate and the subsequent effect on average milk yield and composition...
April 5, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239399/erratum-to-frailty-has-a-stronger-association-with-inflammation-than-age-in-older-veterans
#20
P Van Epps, D Oswald, P A Higgins, T R Hornick, H Aung, R E Banks, B M Wilson, C Burant, S Gravenstein, D H Canaday
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12979-016-0082-z.].
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
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