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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149791/the-dementia-care-coordination-program-engaging-health-systems-in-caregiver-supports
#1
Pamela Nadash, Nina M Silverstein, Frank Porell
This paper reports on a process evaluation using mixed methods to assess a Dementia Care Coordination Program, which is distinctive in using the medical system, rather than direct outreach, to identify and refer families to supports provided by an Alzheimer's Association chapter via dedicated care consultants. One care consultant received referrals from individual physicians, while the other, employed by a health plan, received referrals from health plan case managers. Through key informant interviews, focus groups, and physician and caregiver surveys, we identified key issues, finding high rates of stakeholder satisfaction, but some practical issues around information sharing and data tracking...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149788/knowledge-of-alzheimer-s-disease-among-vietnamese-americans-and-correlates-of-their-knowledge-about-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Sang E Lee, Banghwa Lee Casado
The present study examined the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease and correlates of the disease knowledge among Vietnamese Americans. Cross-sectional survey interviews were conducted with 95 middle-aged and older Vietnamese Americans. Vietnamese Americans showed limited knowledge about Alzheimer's disease. Normalization of Alzheimer's disease in old age was prevalent. They lacked knowledge about treatment and cure of Alzheimer's disease. Those who reside longer in the U.S. and are more exposed to Alzheimer's disease are likely to have higher levels of Alzheimer's disease knowledge...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#3
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149525/top-10-research-priorities-in-head-and-neck-cancer-results-of-an-alberta-priority-setting-partnership-of-patients-caregivers-family-members-and-clinicians
#4
Leah A Lechelt, Jana M Rieger, Katherine Cowan, Brock J Debenham, Bernie Krewski, Suresh Nayar, Akhila Regunathan, Hadi Seikaly, Ameeta E Singh, Andreas Laupacis
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology, etiology, and management of head and neck cancer are evolving. Understanding the perspectives and priorities of nonresearchers regarding treatment uncertainties is important to inform future research. METHODS: Using the James Lind Alliance approach, patients, caregivers, and clinicians responded to a survey regarding their unanswered questions about treating and managing head and neck cancer. Distinct uncertainties were extracted from responses and sorted into themes...
November 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#5
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149470/international-survey-of-practices-used-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#6
Margarida Cal, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Eric Jauniaux
OBJECTIVE: To identify geographic differences in diagnostic and treatment practices during the perinatal management of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from May 1 to August 1, 2017. The 18-item questionnaire was emailed to all members of the expert panel for the 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics consensus guidelines on PAS (n=34), as well as international experts who had contributed to the content of these guidelines (n=16)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149462/a-multi-institutional-study-of-the-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-evidence-based-practice
#7
Daphne C Duncombe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice among nurses working in psychiatric, geriatric, hospital and community settings in The Bahamas. BACKGROUND: It is evident from previous studies that a number of factors exist which either obstruct or promote the utilization of research evidence in nursing practice. Identifying these factors is vital to the successful uptake of evidence-based practice in nursing...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149455/positive-effect-on-patient-experience-of-video-information-given-prior-to-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-clinical-trial
#8
Britt-Marie Ahlander, Jan Engvall, Eva Maret, Elisabeth Ericsson
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of video information given before cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging on patient anxiety and to compare patient experiences of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging versus myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. To evaluate if additional information has an impact on motion artefacts. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are technically advanced methods for the evaluation of heart diseases...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149452/contextual-and-individual-determinants-of-periodontal-disease-multilevel-analysis-based-on-andersen-s-model
#9
Maria I B Valente, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To investigate the relationship of contextual and individual factors with periodontal disease in dentate adults and older people using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Secondary individual data from 6011 adults and 2369 older people from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (2010) were combined with contextual data for 27 cities. Attachment loss (AL) categories for each sextant were coded and summed to obtain the periodontal disease measure. The association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics at city and individual level with periodontal disease was assessed using an adapted version of the Andersen's behavioural model...
November 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149424/botanical-origin-and-chemical-constituents-of-commercial-saposhnikoviae-radix%C3%A2-and-its-related-crude-drugs-available-in-shaanxi-and-the-surrounding-regions
#10
Takuro Maruyama, Masami Ezaki, Mao Shiba, Hiroki Yamaji, Taichi Yoshitomi, Noriaki Kawano, Shu Zhu, Xiao Cheng, Tsuguo Yokokura, Yutaka Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Fuchino, Hang Sun, Katsuko Komatsu, Nobuo Kawahara
Saposhnikoviae radix (SR) is described in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia as a crude drug derived from the root of Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin (Umbelliferae). According to Flora of China, the root of Peucedanum ledebourielloides K. F. Fu is used as a regional substitute for SR. Therefore, we surveyed the botanical origin of the drug used in China, especially Shaanxi and the surrounding regions, through nucleotide sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region of rDNA. As a result, several samples from Shaanxi () and Shanxi () provinces were identified as Peucedanum ledebourielloides...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149396/a-survey-on-pediatric-brain-death-and-on-organ-transplantation-how-did-the-law-amendment-change-the-awareness-of-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#11
Takashi Araki, Hiroyuki Yokota, Koutaro Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: In Japanese society taking a cautious attitude towards organ transplantation, we investigate how amendment of the Organ Transplant Law which legalized brain death (BD) determination criteria changed the awareness concerning BD and organ transplantation of pediatric healthcare providers. METHODS: The questionnaire survey adopted the bearer method and was sent to members of the Japanese Society of Emergency Pediatrics (JSEP). In both the surveys of 2008 and 2016, the same item "Questionnaire survey on BD and organ transplant" was disseminated...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149336/military-neurosurgery-socioeconomic-data-benefits-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Richard Menger, J Will Robbins, Randy Bell
Military conflict and neurosurgery date back to antiquity. Neurosurgery's development is intimately linked with Harvey Cushing's military experience. Previous papers highlighted unique opportunities and socioeconomic challenges facing military neurosurgeons. Here, we provide objective data from military neurosurgeons surrounding these issues.Internet survey responses were solicited from current, separated, and retired military neurosurgeons regarding workforce issues and their perception of military neurosurgery...
November 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149315/a-cross-sectional-study-of-malaria-endemicity-and-health-system-readiness-to-deliver-services-in-kenya-namibia-and-senegal
#13
Elizabeth H Lee, Cara H Olsen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Penny Masuoka, Ann Stewart, Jason W Bennett, James Mancuso
Despite good progress towards elimination, malaria continues to contribute substantially to the sub-Saharan African disease burden. Sustaining previous gains requires continued readiness to deliver malaria services in response to actual disease burden, which in turn contributes to health systems strengthening. This study investigates a health system innovation. We examined whether malaria prevalence, or endemicity, is a driver of health facility readiness to deliver malaria services. To estimate this association, we geo-linked cross-sectional facility survey data to endemicity data for Kenya, Namibia and Senegal...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149309/a-comparable-yardstick-adjusting-for-education-bias-in-south-african-health-system-responsiveness-ratings
#14
Laura Rossouw, Anja Smith
Health-system responsiveness (HSR) measures the experience of health-system users in terms of the non-clinical aspects of the health system. This has been operationalized as a measurable construct in multiple surveys and studies. According to the literature, reporting behaviour may vary systematically across socio-demographic characteristics. In this study we explore the association between education levels and reporting behaviour in terms of HSR in South Africa using data from the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health for South Africa (WHO SAGE) conducted in 2007 and 2008...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149280/whole-genome-re-sequencing-of-two-italian-tomato-landraces-reveals-sequence-variations-in-genes-associated-with-stress-tolerance-fruit-quality-and-long-shelf-life-traits
#15
Valentina Tranchida-Lombardo, Riccardo Aiese Cigliano, Irantzu Anzar, Simone Landi, Samuela Palombieri, Chiara Colantuono, Hamed Bostan, Pasquale Termolino, Riccardo Aversano, Giorgia Batelli, Maria Cammareri, Domenico Carputo, Maria Luisa Chiusano, Clara Conicella, Federica Consiglio, Nunzio D'Agostino, Monica De Palma, Antonio Di Matteo, Silvana Grandillo, Walter Sanseverino, Marina Tucci, Stefania Grillo
Tomato is a high value crop and the primary model for fleshy fruit development and ripening. Breeding priorities include increased fruit quality, shelf life and tolerance to stresses. To contribute towards this goal, we re-sequenced the genomes of Corbarino (COR) and Lucariello (LUC) landraces, which both possess the traits of plant adaptation to water deficit, prolonged fruit shelf-life and good fruit quality. Through the newly developed pipeline Reconstructor, we generated the genome sequences of COR and LUC using datasets of 65...
November 14, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149265/survey-of-reproductive-experiences-and-outcomes-of-cancer-survivors-who-stored-reproductive-material-before-treatment
#16
K Hammarberg, M Kirkman, C Stern, R I McLachlan, G Clarke, F Agresta, D Gook, L Rombauts, B Vollenhoven, J R W Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149245/high-dimensional-therapeutic-inference-in-the-focally-damaged-human-brain
#17
Tianbo Xu, Hans Rolf Jäger, Masud Husain, Geraint Rees, Parashkev Nachev
Though consistency across the population renders the extraordinarily complex functional anatomy of the human brain surveyable, the inverse inference-from common functional maps to individual behaviour-is constrained by marked individual deviation from the population mean. Such inference is fundamental to the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in focal brain injury, where the impact of an induced structural change in the brain is quantified by its behavioural consequences, inevitably refracted through the lens of lesion-outcome relations...
November 15, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149215/longitudinal-survey-of-two-serotine-bat-eptesicus-serotinus-maternity-colonies-exposed-to-eblv-1-european-bat-lyssavirus-type-1-assessment-of-survival-and-serological-status-variations-using-capture-recapture-models
#18
Emmanuelle Robardet, Christophe Borel, Marie Moinet, Dorothée Jouan, Marine Wasniewski, Jacques Barrat, Franck Boué, Elodie Montchâtre-Leroy, Alexandre Servat, Olivier Gimenez, Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer
This study describes two longitudinal serological surveys of European Bat Lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) antibodies in serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) maternity colonies located in the North-East of France. This species is currently considered as the main EBLV-1 reservoir. Multievent capture-recapture models were used to determine the factors influencing bat rabies transmission as this method accounts for imperfect detection and uncertainty in disease states. Considering the period of study, analyses revealed that survival and recapture probabilities were not affected by the serological status of individuals, confirming the capacity of bats to be exposed to lyssaviruses without dying...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149194/understanding-linkage-to-care-with-hiv-self-test-approach-in-lusaka-zambia-a-mixed-method-approach
#19
Jenala Chipungu, Samuel Bosomprah, Arianna Zanolini, Harsha Thimurthy, Roma Chilengi, Anjali Sharma, Charles B Holmes
INTRODUCTION: HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a novel approach designed to assist in achieving the goal of at least 90% of the population that learn their HIV status. A self-test user with a positive test is required to visit a clinic to link into HIV care, yet little is known about patient preferences for linkage strategies. We examined the intention to link to care amongst potential HIVST users and the suitability of three linkage to care strategies in Lusaka Province, Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross sectional survey of 1,617 individuals aged 16-49 years old in Lusaka Province...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149181/hospital-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-public-and-private-sectors-under-the-universal-government-health-insurance-scheme-in-chhattisgarh-state-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#20
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Priyanka Dixit
Research on impact of publicly financed health insurance has paid relatively little attention to the nature of healthcare provision the schemes engage. India's National Health Insurance Scheme or RSBY was made universal by Chhattisgarh State in 2012. In the State, public and private sectors provide hospital services in a context of extensive gender, social, economic and geographical inequities. This study examined enrolment, utilization (public and private) and out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for the insured and uninsured, in Chhattisgarh...
2017: PloS One
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