keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surveys

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#1
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938746/women-s-career-priority-is-associated-with-attitudes-towards-family-planning-and-ethical-acceptance-of-reproductive-technologies
#2
Michael K Simoni, Lin Mu, Stephen C Collins
STUDY QUESTION: Do women who place high importance on career success have different perceptions of pregnancy planning, delayed reproduction, and the ethical acceptability of ART than women with less emphasis on their career? SUMMARY ANSWER: Career-focused women place more importance on pregnancy planning, have greater confidence in delayed childbearing, and are more ethically accepting of donor gamete ART than women who do not place as much importance on career success...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938731/the-importance-of-genetic-parenthood-for-infertile-men-and-women
#3
S Hendriks, K Peeraer, H Bos, S Repping, E A F Dancet
STUDY QUESTION: Do men and women beginning to attend a fertility clinic prefer genetic over non-genetic parenthood? SUMMARY ANSWER: Nearly, all infertile men and women prefer genetic parenthood. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Clinicians assume that all infertile couples prefer genetic parenthood over non-genetic parenthood and, therefore, consider treatments with donor gametes an option of last resort. Previous studies of the desire for parenthood identified 30 motivations for genetic parenthood, and 51 motivations for which having a genetically related child is not strictly necessary but might be deemed required...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938289/discussing-benefits-and-risks-of-tracheostomy-what-physicians-actually-say
#4
Lauren M Hebert, Anne C Watson, Vanessa Madrigal, Tessie W October
OBJECTIVES: When contemplating tracheostomy placement in a pediatric patient, a family-physician conference is often the setting for the disclosure of risks and benefits of the procedure. Our objective was to compare benefits and risks of tracheostomy presented during family-physician conferences to an expert panel's recommendations for what should be presented. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of 19 transcripts of audio-recorded family-physician conferences regarding tracheostomy placement in children...
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938264/2016-neonatal-nurse-practitioner-workforce-survey-report-of-findings
#5
Suzanne Staebler, Robin Bissinger
The National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NANNP) conducted its second workforce survey of certified neonatal nurse practitioners in the fall of 2016. National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners partnered with the National Certification Corporation and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners to conduct this electronic survey, containing 69 questions and focusing on practice sites and total compensation packages (including benefits) and workforce deficits.Findings indicate a rising neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) position vacancy rate across the country...
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938260/cryptosporidium-species-are-frequently-present-but-rarely-detected-in-clinical-samples-from-children-with-diarrhea-in-a-developed-country
#6
Daniel M Skovgaards, Gitte N Hartmeyer, Marianne N Skov, Silje V Hoegh, Michael Kemp
Two studies were done on cryptosporidiosis in children. A retrospective survey showed that from 2005 to 2015 Cryptosporidium species was detected by microscopy of stool from 0.25% of children with diarrhea. In a subsequent prospective study PCR detected Cryptosporidium species in 4 (1,3%) of 304 children. Cryptosporidium species is as frequent as other intestinal pathogens in childhood diarrhea. Testing is relevant.
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938229/prevalence-and-correlates-of-comorbid-depression-in-a-nonclinical-online-sample-with-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#7
Hee Ryung Wang, Hyun Cho, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of comorbid depression among patients with internet gaming disorder using the Internet Gaming Disorder scale (IGD-9) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among nonclinical online survey respondents. METHODS: Korean adolescents and adults from 14 to 39 years of age were selected. We compared internet gaming use patterns and sociodemographic and clinical variables between patients with internet gaming disorder who had depression and those without depression...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938212/the-problem-of-identifying-arsenic-anomalies-in-the-basin-of-sahand-dam-through-risk-based-soft-modelling
#8
Ata Allah Nadiri, Fariba Sadeghi Aghdam, Rahman Khatibi, Asghar Asghari Moghaddam
An investigation is undertaken to identify arsenic anomalies at the complex of Sahand dam, East Azerbaijan, northwest Iran. The complex acts as a system, in which the impounding reservoir catalyses system components related to Origin-Source-Pathways-Receptor-Consequence (OSPRC) viewed as a risk system. This 'conceptual framework' overlays a 'perceptual model' of the physical system, in which arsenic with geogenic origins diffused into the formations through extensive fractures swept through the region during the Miocene era...
September 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938195/understanding-public-perception-of-hydraulic-fracturing-a-case-study-in-spain
#9
D Costa, V Pereira, J Góis, A Danko, A Fiúza
Public acceptance is crucial for the implementation of energy technologies. Hydraulic fracturing is a technology widely used in the USA for natural gas production from shale formations, but currently finds strong public opposition worldwide, especially in Europe. Shale gas exploitation and exploration have the potential to significantly reduce import dependency in several countries, including Spain. To better understand public opinion on this issue, this article reports a survey targeting both the entire Spanish population and the inhabitants of the province of Burgos, the location where shale gas exploration permits have already been issued...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938183/age-trends-in-rates-of-substance-use-disorders-across-ages-18-90-differences-by-gender-and-race-ethnicity
#10
Sara A Vasilenko, Rebecca J Evans-Polce, Stephanie T Lanza
BACKGROUND: Although research has documented age differences in substance use, less is known about how prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) vary across age and differ by gender and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Time-varying effect models (TVEMs) were estimated on data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC III; N=36,309), a nationally representative survey of the adult population. The sample was 44% male; 53% White, 21% Black, 19% Hispanic/Latino, 6% other race/ethnicity...
September 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938139/hpv-literacy-and-its-link-to-initiation-and-completion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-young-adults%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-minnesota
#11
H Y Lee, J Lee, C Henning-Smith, J Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies whether, and how, human papillomavirus (HPV) literacy and predisposing, enabling, and need factors are associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion among young adults in Minnesota. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: Using a sample of 170 young adults (aged 18-26 years), we used logistic regression models to identify factors associated with HPV vaccination initiation and completion, including HPV literacy, adjusting for relevant predisposing, enabling, and need factors...
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938110/monitoring-harm-perceptions-of-smokeless-tobacco-products-among-u-s-adults-health-information-national-trends-survey-2012-2014-2015
#12
Shari P Feirman, Elisabeth A Donaldson, Mark Parascandola, Kimberly Snyder, Cindy Tworek
INTRODUCTION: Changes to the U.S. smokeless tobacco landscape in recent years include a change to health warnings on packages, the implementation of bans in some stadiums, and the launch of a federal youth prevention campaign. It is unclear whether such changes have impacted consumer beliefs about smokeless tobacco. This study examines relative harm perceptions of smokeless tobacco compared to cigarettes among adults and assesses changes in smokeless tobacco harm perceptions over time...
September 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#13
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938053/persistent-hotspots-of-lymphatic-filariasis-microfilaraemia-despite-14-years-of-mass-drug-administration-in-ghana
#14
Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Paul Yikpotey, Benjamin K Marfo, Samuel Odoom, Ernest O Mensah, Odame Asiedu, Bright Alomatu, Edward T Hervie, Abednego Yeboah, Serge Ade, Sven G Hinderaker, Anthony Reid, Kudakwashe C Takarinda, Benjamin Koudou, Joseph B Koroma
Background: Among the 216 districts in Ghana, 98 were declared endemic for lymphatic filariasis in 1999 after mapping. Pursuing the goal of elimination, WHO recommends annual treatment using mass drugs administration (MDA) for at least 5 years. MDA was started in the country in 2001 and reached national coverage in 2006. By 2014, 69 districts had 'stopped-MDA' (after passing the transmission assessment survey) while 29 others remained with persistent microfilaraemia (mf) prevalence (≥1%) despite more than 11 years of MDA and were classified as 'hotspots'...
December 1, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938044/sunday-in-the-park-with-infectious-disease-workforce-mismatch-in-a-colorful-universe-of-possibilities
#15
Thomas Moore, Louise-Marie Dembry, Michael S Saag
The decline in applications for infectious diseases (ID) fellowships has been an area of active introspection for the leadership of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA). This prompted actions to address the problem, including surveys of current and former fellows. Ironically, the decline in applications to ID programs is occurring at a time when the need for ID providers has never been greater and the excitement and variety in the practice of ID has never been higher. Data regarding the current ID workforce are presented here, along with perspectives about the future of the profession in the decades to come...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937995/enzootic-mosquito-vector-species-at-equine-encephalitis-transmission-foci-in-the-rep%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-de-panam%C3%A3
#16
Rolando Torres, Rafael Samudio, Jean-Paul Carrera, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Lisbeth Hurtado, Scott Weaver, Luis Fernando Chaves, Robert Tesh, Lorenzo Cáceres
The identification of mosquito vector species present at arboviral enzootic transmission foci is important to understand transmission eco-epidemiology and to propose and implement prevention and control strategies that reduce vector-borne equine encephalitis transmission. The goal of this study was to identify mosquito species potentially involved in the transmission of enzootic equine encephalitis, in relation to their abundance and diversity at three endemic regions in the República de Panamá. We sampled adult mosquitoes during the dry and rainy season of Panamá...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937980/methanobrevibacter-attenuation-via-probiotic-intervention-reduces-flatulence-in-adult-human-a-non-randomised-paired-design-clinical-trial-of-efficacy
#17
Minseok Seo, Jaeyoung Heo, Joon Yoon, Se-Young Kim, Yoon-Mo Kang, Jihyun Yu, Seoae Cho, Heebal Kim
TRIAL DESIGN: The aim of this study was to investigate which of the gut microbes respond to probiotic intervention, as well as study whether they are associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in a healthy adult human. For the experimental purpose, twenty-one healthy adults were recruited and received probiotic mixture, which is composed of five Lactobacilli strains and two Bifidobacteria strains, once a day for 60 days. Defecation survey and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis were conducted pre- and post-administration to measure phenotypic differences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937962/portable-functional-neuroimaging-as-an-environmental-epidemiology-tool-a-how-to-guide-for-the-use-of-fnirs-in-field-studies
#18
Joseph M Baker, Daniel Rojas-Valverde, Randall Gutiérrez, Mirko Winkler, Samuel Fuhrimann, Brenda Eskenazi, Allan L Reiss, Ana M Mora
The widespread application of functional neuroimaging within the field of environmental epidemiology has the potential to greatly enhance our understanding of how environmental toxicants affect brain function. Because many epidemiological studies take place in remote and frequently changing environments, it is necessary that the primary neuroimaging approach adopted by the epidemiology community be robust to many environments, easy to use, and, preferably, mobile. Here, we outline our use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to collect functional brain imaging data from Costa Rican farm workers enrolled in an epidemiological study on the health effects of chronic pesticide exposure...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937942/evaluating-the-effect-of-a-campus-wide-social-norms-marketing-intervention-on-alcohol-use-perceptions-consumption-and-blackouts
#19
Jinni Su, Linda Hancock, Amanda Wattenmaker McGann, Mariam Alshagra, Rhianna Ericson, Zackaria Niazi, Danielle M Dick, Amy Adkins
Objective To evaluate the effect of a campus-wide social norms marketing intervention on alcohol-use perceptions, consumption, and blackouts at a large, urban, public university. Participants 4,172 college students (1,208 freshmen, 1,159 sophomores, 953 juniors, 852 seniors) who completed surveys in Spring 2015 for the Spit for Science Study, a longitudinal study of students' substance use and emotional health. Methods Participants were emailed an online survey that queried campaign readership, perception of peer alcohol use, alcohol consumption, frequency of consumption and frequency of blackouts...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937937/self-compassion-and-suicidal-behavior-in-college-students-serial-indirect-effects-via-depression-and-wellness-behaviors
#20
Jessica Kelliher Rabon, Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: College students may be at heightened risk for suicide and suicidal behavior due to maladaptive cognitive-emotional factors and failure to practice basic health behaviors. However, self-compassion and wellness behaviors may protect against risk. The relation between self-compassion and suicidal behavior and the contributing roles of depressive symptoms and wellness behaviors was examined. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 365 undergraduate students. Data was collected in April 2015...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
keyword
keyword
85964
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"