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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545268/-efficacy-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-different-drug-treatments-after-partial-resection-of-rectovaginal-endometriosis
#1
T Li, X X Xu, Y Dai, J J Zhang, J H Lang, J H Leng
Objective: To evaluate different postoperative medications as maintenance treatment for rectovaginal endometriosis (RVE) patients after conservative surgery. Methods: RVE patients who underwent transvaginal partial excision from January 2007 to September 2016 with regular outpatient follow-up were retrospectively screened. Those followed by a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or oral contraceptive drospirenone/ethinylestradiol (DRSP/EE) 3 mg/30 μg administration were enrolled...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545246/increasing-the-use-of-urban-greenways-in-developing-countries-a-case-study-on-wutong-greenway-in-shenzhen-china
#2
Yiyong Chen, Weiying Gu, Tao Liu, Lei Yuan, Mali Zeng
Given the benefits of urban greenways on the health and well-being of urban populations, the increased use of urban greenways has garnered increasing attention. Studies on urban greenways, however, have been mostly conducted in Western countries, whereas there is limited knowledge on greenway use in urban areas in developing countries. To address this shortcoming, the present study selected Wutong Greenway in Shenzhen, China, as a case study and focused on the use pattern and factors that influence the frequency and duration of urban greenway use in developing countries...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545242/public-open-spaces-and-leisure-time-walking-in-brazilian-adults
#3
Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti
Access to public open space is important to increase leisure-time walking (LTW) in high-income countries, but there is little evidence in middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between LTW and the presence of different public open spaces (parks, bike paths, and squares) and the mix of these recreational destinations near the homes of adults participating in the Sao Paulo Health Survey (n = 3145). LTW was evaluated by a questionnaire. We delineated buffers (500, 1000, and 1500 m) from the geographic coordinates of the adults' residential addresses using a geographic information system...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545197/congruence-between-preferred-and-actual-participation-roles-increases-satisfaction-with-treatment-decision-making-among-japanese-women-with-breast-cancer
#4
Keiko Yamauchi, Motoyuki Nakao, Mitsuyo Nakashima, Yoko Ishihara
Objective: This study investigated the correlation between participation in the treatment decision-making process and satisfaction with the process among Japanese women with breast cancer. The influence of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on satisfaction with the treatment decision-making process was also examined. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, self-administered internet survey of 650 Japanese women with breast cancer in March 2016. Decisional role (active, collaborative, passive) in the treatment decision-making was elicited using the Japanese version of the Control Preference Scale...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545133/survey-of-health-literacy-level-and-related-influencing-factors-in-military-college-students-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Honghui Rong, Xin Cheng, Jose M Garcia, Ling Zhang, Lu Lu, Jian Fang, Mingshan Le, Peng Hu, Xinlu Dong, Junli Yang, Ya Wang, Ting Luo, Jun Liu, Ji-An Chen
Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545074/influence-of-distance-between-residence-and-health-facilities-on-non-communicable-diseases-an-assessment-over-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-bangladesh
#6
Raaj Kishore Biswas, Enamul Kabir
OBJECTIVE: This paper reflected on the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Bangladesh, which is spreading rapidly in low-income countries. The rationale of constructing more health centers for addressing NCDs was assessed in this paper by determining the relationship between prevalence of NCDs, particularly hypertension and diabetes, and distance to health facilities. METHODS: From BDHS (Bangladesh Health and Demographic Survey) 2011 data set, 7544 samples were analyzed to demonstrate association between Non-communicable diseases (NCD) and distance from respondents' home to health facilities like hospitals, community clinics, pharmacies or doctors' chambers, and community facilities like market, post office or cinema hall...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545009/mediating-role-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-in-the-effects-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-suicidal-behaviour-among-mood-disorder-patients
#7
K I Aaltonen, T Rosenström, I Baryshnikov, B Karpov, T Melartin, K Suominen, M Heikkinen, P Näätänen, M Koivisto, G Joffe, E Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence supports an association between childhood maltreatment and suicidal behaviour. However, few studies have examined factors mediating this relationship among patients with unipolar or bipolar mood disorders. METHODS: Depressive disorder and bipolar disorder (ICD-10-DCR) patients (n=287) from the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium (HUPC) Study were surveyed on self-reported childhood experiences, current depressive symptoms, borderline personality disorder traits, and lifetime suicidal behaviour...
April 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545008/psychiatric-disorders-in-a-cohort-of-individuals-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#8
L Shriki-Tal, H Avrahamy, Y Pollak, V Gross-Tsur, L Genstil, H J Hirsch, F Benarroch
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric manifestations in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) are common and often are the most debilitating problem in these individuals. We present an epidemiological nation-wide survey of psychiatric diagnoses in the PWS population, based on full-range psychiatric interviews. METHODS: We studied the distribution of psychiatric diagnoses (as opposed to a symptom-based approach) in the Israel national cohort of adolescents and adults with PWS. There was a total of 53 (32 males) ages 12 years and older...
April 5, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544955/associations-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-emotional-symptoms-with-the-subjective-effects-of-alcohol-cigarettes-and-cannabis-in-adolescents
#9
Raina D Pang, Casey R Guillot, Michael J Zvolensky, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Adam M Leventhal
Maladaptive emotional traits (anxiety sensitivity [AS], fear of anxiety-related sensations and consequences) and symptoms (major depressive disorder [MDD] and generalized anxiety disorder [GAD] symptoms) could play a role in altering sensitivity to the subjective effects of drugs of abuse in adolescents. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of high school students in Los Angeles, CA, USA who completed surveys and reported past six-month use of alcohol (n=1054), cigarettes (n=297), or cannabis (n=706). At each of the four semi-annual waves during mid-adolescence (14-16years old), students reported positive and negative subjective drug effects experienced in the prior six-months...
May 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544946/perceived-barriers-to-healthcare-and-receipt-of-recommended-medical-care-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries
#10
Jibby E Kurichi, Liliana Pezzin, Joel E Streim, Pui L Kwong, Ling Na, Hillary R Bogner, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy
PURPOSE: Many Medicare beneficiaries perceive barriers to receiving healthcare, although the consequences are unknown. Facilitators can aid in the receipt of healthcare services. The objective was to assess the relationship between perceived facilitators and barriers to healthcare and actual receipt of recommended medical care among elderly beneficiaries. METHODS: A cohort study using data from the 2001-2008 entry panels of the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey that included 24,607 community-dwelling beneficiaries 65 years of age and older...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544919/risk-factors-for-patient-reported-errors-during-cancer-follow-up-results-from-a-national-survey-in-denmark
#11
Anne Hjøllund Christiansen, Henriette Lipczak, Janne Lehmann Knudsen, Anne Mette Tranberg Kejs
Due to an increased cancer survival, more cancer patients are referred to follow-up after primary treatment. Knowledge of patient safety during follow-up is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported errors during cancer follow-up and identify factors associated with errors. DESIGN: A national survey on cancer patients' experiences of treatment and aftercare was conducted in 2012, about two years following cancer diagnosis (N=6914). Associations between patient-reported errors during follow-up and covariates were examined using multiple logistic regression...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544874/the-relative-safety-of-paternal-maternal-and-traditional-foster-care-placements
#12
Jesse J Helton, Brian B Boutwell, Michael DiBernardo
When children are placed into foster care the caseworker must give preference to an adult relative, many of whom are grandparents, over an unrelated caregiver. This kinship preference is based in evolutionary biology, which suggests that the imperative to care for a child should be greater for kin versus non-kin. However, not all kin are related to a child in the same way, and level of paternity uncertainty may influence level of care provided. For instance, maternal grandparents can be assured that they share genetic material with their grandchild, while paternal grandparents may not have the same level of certainty...
May 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544863/how-social-status-shapes-person-perception-and-evaluation-a-social-neuroscience-perspective
#13
Bradley D Mattan, Jennifer T Kubota, Jasmin Cloutier
Inferring the relative rank (i.e., status) of others is essential to navigating social hierarchies. A survey of the expanding social psychological and neuroscience literatures on status reveals a diversity of focuses (e.g., perceiver vs. agent), operationalizations (e.g., status as dominance vs. wealth), and methodologies (e.g., behavioral, neuroscientific). Accommodating this burgeoning literature on status in person perception, the present review offers a novel social neuroscientific framework that integrates existing work with theoretical clarity...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544845/self-assembling-zwitterionic-copolymers-as-membrane-selective-layers-with-excellent-fouling-resistance-effect-of-zwitterion-chemistry
#14
Prity Bengani-Lutz, Elisha Converse, Peggy Cebe, Ayse Asatekin
Membranes with high flux, ~1 nm pore size and unprecedented protein fouling resistance were prepared by forming selective layers of self-assembling zwitterionic amphiphilic random copolymers on porous supports by a simple coating method. Random copolymers were prepared from the hydrophobic monomer 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (TFEMA) and four zwitterionic monomers (sulfobetaine methacrylate, sulfobetaine 2-vinylpyridine, sulfobutylbetaine 2-vinylpyridine and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) by free radical polymerization...
May 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544789/determinants-of-recent-aflatoxin-exposure-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-zimbabwe
#15
Laura E Smith, Mduduzi N N Mbuya, Andrew J Prendergast, Paul C Turner, Sandra Ruboko, Jean H Humphrey, Rebecca J Nelson, Ancikaria Chigumira, George Kembo, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
SCOPE: Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus species that contaminate staple foods such as maize and groundnuts. Aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes in limited-scale surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the determinants of aflatoxin exposure, using urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) biomarkers and data generated by the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial for rural Zimbabwean women in early pregnancy...
May 22, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544766/barriers-and-facilitators-of-mentoring-for-trainees-and-early-career-investigators-in-rheumatology-research-current-state-identification-of-needs-and-roadmap-to-an-inter-institutional-adult-rheumatology-mentoring-program
#16
Alexis Ogdie, Jeffrey A Sparks, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Kathleen Bush, Flavia V Castelino, Amit Golding, Yihui Jiang, J Michelle Kahlenberg, Alfred H J Kim, Yvonne C Lee, Kirthi Machireddy, Michael J Ombrello, Ami A Shah, Zachary S Wallace, Peter A Nigrovic, Una E Makris
OBJECTIVES: Determine perceived barriers and facilitators to effective mentoring for early career rheumatology investigators and develop a framework for an inter-institutional mentoring program. METHODS: Focus groups or interviews with rheumatology fellows, junior faculty, and mentors were conducted, audiotaped and transcribed. Content analysis was performed using NVivo software. Themes were grouped into categories (e.g., mentor-mentee relationship, barriers and facilitators of a productive relationship)...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544700/income-inequality-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-12-years-old-children-a-multi-level-analysis
#17
Mario Vianna Vettore, Salma Efhima, Carolina Machuca, Gabriela de Almeida Lamarca
BACKGROUND/AIM: Contextual socioeconomic factors have been associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDIs). However, evidence concerning the role of income inequality on TDIs in children is scarce.The aim of this study was to investigate the association between contextual income inequality over a ten-year period and TDIs in Brazilian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised a representative sample of 5027 children aged 12 years who participated in the Brazilian oral health survey in 2010...
May 24, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544672/providing-end-of-life-care-in-disability-community-living-services-an-organizational-capacity-building-model-using-a-public-health-approach
#18
Andrea Grindrod, Bruce Rumbold
BACKGROUND: There is broad consensus within the disability field that the end-of-life care offered to people with intellectual disabilities should be of a quality consistent with that advocated by contemporary palliative care. In practice, however, various barriers are encountered when applying palliative care strategies to the end-of-life care of people with intellectual disabilities, particularly those in disability community living services. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544670/the-clinical-significance-of-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-and-hypercontractile-esophagus-in-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#19
D Schupack, D A Katzka, D M Geno, K Ravi
BACKGROUND: Although major manometric abnormalities, the significance of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) and hypercontractile esophagus (HE) is poorly understood. We sought to determine long term outcomes for EGJOO and HE. METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) studies conducted from 5/30/2012 to 8/1/2014 consistent with EGJOO and HE and normal studies from 5/30/12 to 11/1/12 were identified. Standardized follow up was conducted with a phone survey utilizing the impact dysphagia questionnaire (IDQ-10)...
May 23, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544642/evaluation-of-a-targeted-prescriber-education-intervention-on-emergency-department-discharge-oxycodone-prescribing
#20
Síne R Donaldson, Andrew M Harding, Simone E Taylor, Hassan Vally, Shaun L Greene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on ED discharge opioid analgesic (OA) prescribing. METHODS: A brief, one-on-one, educational intervention was delivered to ED OA prescribers by an ED clinical champion. The percentage of patients receiving (i) written advice regarding appropriate oxycodone use, (ii) written or verbal advice regarding appropriate post-discharge follow up and (iii) written general practitioner notification that oxycodone had been prescribed were determined pre- and post-intervention, through review of electronic patient records and structured patient telephone interviews conducted 3-7 days after ED attendance...
May 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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