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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632926/meta-analysis-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-minimally-invasive-versus-open-oesophagectomy-for-oesophageal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
J H Kauppila, S Xie, A Johar, S R Markar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes between minimally invasive and open oesophagectomy for cancer at different postoperative time points. METHODS: A search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed for studies that compared open with minimally invasive oesophagectomy. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for studies that measured HRQoL scores using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OES18 questionnaires...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626895/khat-chewing-habit-produces-a-significant-adverse-effect-on%C3%A2-periodontal-oral-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
M S Al-Akhali, E A Al-Moraissi
Although there is a general agreement that a khat chewing habit produces clinicopathological changes in the oral mucosa. However there is no reliable evidence of the effects of a khat chewing habit on the periodontal tissues. Thus, authors aimed to investigate the influence of khat chewing habits on periodontal, oral health, by comparing khat chewers to non-chewers in respect of gingival recession, periodontal pocketing depth and loss of attachment. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622747/reducing-stigma-in-media-professionals-is-there-room-for-improvement-results-from-a-systematic-review
#3
Alessandra Maiorano, Antonio Lasalvia, Gaia Sampogna, Benedetta Pocai, Mirella Ruggeri, Claire Henderson
OBJECTIVE: The mass media may increase stigma against people with mental health problems by reinforcing common stereotypes. Media professionals thus represent a target group for antistigma interventions. This paper aims to review available literature on antistigma interventions for mass media professionals, seeking to clarify what kind of interventions have been found to be effective in reducing mental health stigma among mass media professionals. METHOD: Six electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Reviews Library and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts) were systematically searched through March 2017 for studies addressing antistigma interventions on mass media professionals...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614396/bioinformatic-training-needs-at-a-health-sciences-campus
#4
Jeffrey C Oliver
BACKGROUND: Health sciences research is increasingly focusing on big data applications, such as genomic technologies and precision medicine, to address key issues in human health. These approaches rely on biological data repositories and bioinformatic analyses, both of which are growing rapidly in size and scope. Libraries play a key role in supporting researchers in navigating these and other information resources. METHODS: With the goal of supporting bioinformatics research in the health sciences, the University of Arizona Health Sciences Library established a Bioinformation program...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#5
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611111/the-impact-of-interventions-to-improve-the-quality-of-prescribing-and-use-of-antibiotics-in-primary-care-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infections-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Nahara Anani Martínez-González, Samuel Coenen, Andreas Plate, Annelies Colliers, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Senn, Stefan Neuner-Jehle
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common reason for primary care (PC) consultations and for antibiotic prescribing and use. The majority of RTIs have a viral aetiology however, and antibiotic consumption is ineffective and unnecessary. Inappropriate antibiotic use contributes greatly to antibiotic resistance (ABR) leading to complications, increased adverse events, reconsultations and costs. Improving antibiotic consumption is thus crucial to containing ABR, which has become an urgent priority worldwide...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611017/web-use-for-symptom-appraisal-of-physical-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Julia Mueller, Caroline Jay, Simon Harper, Alan Davies, Julio Vega, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: The Web has become an important information source for appraising symptoms. We need to understand the role it currently plays in help seeking and symptom evaluation to leverage its potential to support health care delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to systematically review the literature currently available on Web use for symptom appraisal. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ACM Digital Library, SCOPUS, and Web of Science for any empirical studies that addressed the use of the Web by lay people to evaluate symptoms for physical conditions...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606191/no-calm-after-the-storm-a-systematic-review-of-human-health-following-flood-and-storm-disasters
#8
Dell D Saulnier, Kim Brolin Ribacke, Johan von Schreeb
Introduction How the burden of disease varies during different phases after floods and after storms is essential in order to guide a medical response, but it has not been well-described. The objective of this review was to elucidate the health problems following flood and storm disasters. METHODS: A literature search of the databases Medline (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA); Cinahl (EBSCO Information Services; Ipswich, Massachusetts USA); Global Health (EBSCO Information Services; Ipswich, Massachusetts USA); Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters; New York, New York USA); Embase (Elsevier; Amsterdam, Netherlands); and PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA) was conducted in June 2015 for English-language research articles on morbidity or mortality and flood or storm disasters...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605006/treating-periodontal-disease-for-preventing-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-pregnant-women
#9
REVIEW
Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Philippa Middleton, Marco Esposito, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been linked with a number of conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes, all likely through systemic inflammatory pathways. It is common in women of reproductive age and gum conditions tend to worsen during pregnancy. Some evidence from observational studies suggests that periodontal intervention may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is need for a comprehensive Cochrane review of randomised trials to assess the effect of periodontal treatment on perinatal and maternal health...
June 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596746/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-to-cancer-caregivers
#10
REVIEW
Fang Fu, Huaijuan Zhao, Feng Tong, Iris Chi
Objective: To systematically review the effect of psychosocial interventions on improving QoL, depression and anxiety of cancer caregivers. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of psychosocial interventions among adult cancer caregivers published from 2011 to 2016. PsycINFO, PubMed, Proquest, Cochrane Library, Embase, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) and EBSCO, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WANFANG were searched...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592502/the-mouse-lemur-a-genetic-model-organism-for-primate-biology-behavior-and-health
#11
REVIEW
Camille Ezran, Caitlin J Karanewsky, Jozeph L Pendleton, Alex Sholtz, Maya R Krasnow, Jason Willick, Andriamahery Razafindrakoto, Sarah Zohdy, Megan A Albertelli, Mark A Krasnow
Systematic genetic studies of a handful of diverse organisms over the past 50 years have transformed our understanding of biology. However, many aspects of primate biology, behavior, and disease are absent or poorly modeled in any of the current genetic model organisms including mice. We surveyed the animal kingdom to find other animals with advantages similar to mice that might better exemplify primate biology, and identified mouse lemurs (Microcebus spp.) as the outstanding candidate. Mouse lemurs are prosimian primates, roughly half the genetic distance between mice and humans...
June 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588979/determinants-of-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-adults-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#12
Tessa Heestermans, Joyce L Browne, Susan C Aitken, Sigrid C Vervoort, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: The rapid scale up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has resulted in an increased focus on patient adherence. Non-adherence can lead to drug-resistant HIV caused by failure to achieve maximal viral suppression. Optimal treatment requires the identification of patients at high risk of suboptimal adherence and targeted interventions. The aim of this review was to identify and summarise determinants of adherence to ART among HIV-positive adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of adherence to ART in SSA from January 2002 to October 2014...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588944/onsite-midwife-led-birth-units-ombus-for-care-around-the-time-of-childbirth-a-systematic-review
#13
Qian Long, Emma R Allanson, Jennifer Pontre, Özge Tunçalp, George Justus Hofmeyr, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
INTRODUCTION: To ensure timely access to comprehensive emergency obstetric care in low- and middle-income countries, a number of interventions have been employed. This systematic review assesses the effects of onsite midwife-led birth units (OMBUs) embedded within hospitals which provide comprehensive emergency obstetric and newborn care. METHODS: Both interventional and observational studies that compared OMBUs with standard medical-led obstetric care were eligible for inclusion...
August 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578258/alternative-treatment-strategies-for-neuropathic-pain-role-of-indian-medicinal-plants-and-compounds-of-plant-origin-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Hasandeep Singh, Sakshi Bhushan, Rohit Arora, Harpal Singh Buttar, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
Neuropathic pain is a complex, chronic pain state accompanied by tissue injury and nerve damage. This important health issue constitutes a challenge for the modern medicine worldwide. The management of neuropathic pain remains a major clinical challenge, pertaining to an inadequate understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain. Various classes of drugs have been reported effective for the management of neuropathic pain viz. opiates, tricyclic antidepressants, and antiepileptic agents. However, association of adverse effects with these drugs hinders their confident prescription in people with neuropathic pain...
June 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575864/the-optimal-time-of-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis
#15
Kaiping Luo, Shufang Fu, Weidong Fang, Gaosi Xu
BACKGROUND: The impact on the timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation on clinical outcomes for patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Global Health, MEDLINE, PubMed, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Web of Science. RESULTS: We included 49 studies involving 9698 patients. Pooled analysis of 5408 critically ill patients with AKI showed that early RRT was significantly associated with reduced mortality compared to late RRT [odds ratio (OR), 0...
May 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574593/early-versus-delayed-appendicectomy-for-appendiceal-phlegmon-or-abscess
#16
REVIEW
Yao Cheng, Xianze Xiong, Jiong Lu, Sijia Wu, Rongxing Zhou, Nansheng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal phlegmon and abscess account for 2% to 10% of acute appendicitis. People with appendiceal phlegmon or abscess usually need an appendicectomy to relieve their symptoms and avoid complications. The timing of appendicectomy for appendiceal phlegmon or abscess is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of early versus delayed appendicectomy for appendiceal phlegmon or abscess, in terms of overall morbidity and mortality. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1950 to 23 August 2016), Embase Ovid (1974 to 23 August 2016), Science Citation Index Expanded (1900 to 23 August 2016), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) (1978 to 23 August 2016)...
June 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573873/impact-of-diabetes-care-by-pharmacists-as-part-of-health-care-team-in-ambulatory-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Maryam T Fazel, Alaa Bagalagel, Jeannie K Lee, Jennifer R Martin, Marion K Slack
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analyses examining the impact of pharmacist interventions as part of health care teams on diabetes therapeutic outcomes in ambulatory care settings. DATA SOURCES: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Web of Science, Scopus, WHO's Global Health Library, ClinicalTrials.gov , and Google Scholar were searched (1995 to February 2017). Search terms included pharmacist, team, and diabetes...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573238/kirkia-acuminata-oliv-a-review-of-its-ethnobotany-and-pharmacology
#18
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: Local communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a long history of medicinal plant usage. Like in other parts of the developing world, rural and urban communities are still dependent on herbal medicines for primary health care, and the use of herbal medicines is still an integral part of their daily life and socio-cultural life style. The objective of this paper is to summarise information on the ethnobotany and pharmacology of Kirkia acuminata Oliv. throughout its distributional range...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573063/alleviating-promotion-of-inflammation-and-cancer-induced-by-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Anthony M Kyriakopoulos, Markus Nagl, Stella Baliou, Vasilleios Zoumpourlis
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin are of intensive use nowadays. These drugs exert their activity via the metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) by cyclooxygenase inhibition. Though beneficial for health in some instances, both unspecific and specific cyclooxygenase inhibitor activity interfere with AA metabolism producing also proinflammatory lipids that may promote cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review is based on available literature on clinical uses, biochemical investigations, molecular medicine, pharmacology, toxicity, and epidemiology-clinical studies on NSAIDs and other drugs that may be used accordingly, which was collected from electronic (SciFinder, Medline, Science Direct, and ACS among others) and library searches of books and journals...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567798/management-for-intussusception-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Steven Gluckman, Jonathan Karpelowsky, Angela C Webster, Richard G McGee
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is a common abdominal emergency in children with significant morbidity. Prompt diagnosis and management reduces associated risks and the need for surgical intervention. Despite widespread agreement on the use of contrast enema as opposed to surgery for initial management in most cases, debate persists on the appropriate contrast medium, imaging modality, pharmacological adjuvant, and protocol for delayed repeat enema, and on the best approach for surgical management for intussusception in children...
June 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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