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Issam Bennis, Vincent De Brouwere, Zakaria Belrhiti, Hamid Sahibi, Marleen Boelaert
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a parasitic skin disease, linked to poverty, and belonging to the group of Neglected Tropical Diseases. Depending on the severity, the type of lesions or scars, and the context, CL can lead to self- and social stigma influencing the quality of life and psychological well-being of the patient. This dimension is, however, little documented for the most common, localized form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL). We aimed to describe the current knowledge on the psychological burden and the stigma related to LCL...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Tassia Cristina Decimoni, Roseli Leandro, Luciana Martins Rozman, Dawn Craig, Cynthia P Iglesias, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
Background: Brazil has sought to use economic evaluation to support healthcare decision-making processes. While a number of health economic evaluations (HEEs) have been conducted, no study has systematically reviewed the quality of Brazilian HEE. The objective of this systematic review was to provide an overview regarding the state of HEE research and to evaluate the number, characteristics, and quality of reporting of published HEE studies conducted in a Brazilian setting. Methods: We systematically searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Latin American, and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences Database, Scientific Electronic Library Online, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, health technology assessment Database, Bireme, and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde Economia da Saúde ); citation indexes (SCOPUS, Web of Science), and Sistema de Informação da Rede Brasileira de Avaliação de Tecnologia em Saúde ...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Hannah L Mayr, Audrey C Tierney, Colleen J Thomas, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jessica Radcliffe, Catherine Itsiopoulos
The health benefits of a Mediterranean diet are thought to be mediated via its anti-inflammatory effects; however, the anti-inflammatory effect of this diet is unclear in patients who have already developed coronary heart disease (CHD). This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the effect of Mediterranean-type diets on cytokines and adipokines in patients with CHD. An electronic search of the literature was conducted up to October 2016 using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Eleven of the 435 articles identified met eligibility criteria...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
Josiane Tiborski Cesar, Emanuele de Araújo Valentim, Claudia Choma Bettega Almeida, Maria Eliana Madalozzo Schieferdecker, Suely Teresinha Schmidt
This paper is an integrative review of the literature that sought to identify the factors that influence the adhesion and acceptance of school food among Brazilian and American students, and to show the main differences between the programs of these two countries. the following databases were consulted: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (Lilacs); Pubmed; Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo); and Science Direct. Data were collected between July and August 2015, using the following key words in Portuguese and English: "adherence to school food" (adesão à alimentação escolar), "accepting of school feeding" (aceitação à alimentação escolar) and the "National School Lunch Program" ("Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar")...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marianne Smith Edge, Mary Elizabeth Kunkel, Jennifer Schmidt, Constantina Papoutsakis
In the late 20th century, plant breeders began using molecular biology techniques such as recombinant DNA, also known as genetic engineering, along with traditional cross-breeding. Ten plant and one animal food have been approved for commercialization in the United States. Today, foods and ingredients from genetically engineered (GE) crops are present throughout the food supply, which has led to varying levels of acceptance. Much discussion exists among consumers and health professionals about the believability of statements made regarding benefits or risks of GE foods...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Manasi Murthy Mittinty, Amy Marshall, Gillian Harvey
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2013 WHO Global Forum on Innovation for Ageing Populations, disabilities and morbidities associated with ageing could be minimised by accessing preventive care. One way of improving the management of multimorbidity in the older population is through the provision of 'integrated care'. Although integrated care means different things to different people, it typically symbolises continuity in care, thus preventing older patients' from falling through gaps in the health care system...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Mohammed S Al-Omary, Allan J Davies, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Bruce Bastian, Peter J Fletcher, John Attia, Andrew J Boyle
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a common, costly condition with an increasing burden on Australian health care system resources. Knowledge of the burden of HF on patients and on the health system is important for resource allocation. This study is the first systematic review to estimate the mortality and readmission rates after hospitalisation for HF in the Australian population. METHODS: We searched for studies of HF hospitalisation in Australia published between January 1990 and May 2016, using a systematic search of PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library databases...
February 5, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Aziz Rezapour, Saeed Bagheri Faradonbeh, Vahid Alipour, Mani Yusefvand
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyopathies is a group of heart diseases that directly affects the heart muscle, and their causes is not just high blood pressure, congenital and pericardial diseases but ischemic cardiomyopathy disease are also caused by vascular disorders, and to confirm the diagnosis, angiography is required. There are several methods for treating and controlling ischemic cardiomyopathy in world health systems and especially in the Iran health system, which include medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ying Cheng, Bifeng Gao, Yuhao Jin, Na Xu, Taipin Guo
BACKGROUND: The common cold (CC) is the most common syndromes of infection in human beings, but there is currently no special treatment. For this reason, acupuncture is used to relieve the symptoms of the CC. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy that has been used for over 2000 years to treat various diseases. However, few studies have provided evidence for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the CC. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture on CC periods and its symptoms...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lara M de A Coutinho, Wanderley M Bernardo, Rodrigo S Rocha, Fabio R Marinho, Aureo Delgado, Eduardo T H Moura, Sergio E Matuguma, Dalton Chaves, Tomazo A P Franzini, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo G H de Moura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis, in comparison with conservative treatment. METHODS: Systematic review via databases (MEDLINE [PubMed], Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Embase, Cochrane Central, and the [Brazilian] Regional Library of Medicine) is conducted. We analyzed 10 randomized controlled trials (1091 patients)...
April 2018: Pancreas
Mark Hofmeister, Ally Memedovich, Laura E Dowsett, Laura Sevick, Tamara McCarron, Eldon Spackman, Tania Stafinski, Devidas Menon, Tom Noseworthy, Fiona Clement
BACKGROUND: The aim of palliative care is to improve the quality of life of patients and families through the prevention and relief of suffering. Frequently, patients may choose to receive palliative care in the home. The objective of this paper is to summarize the quality and primary outcomes measured within the palliative care in the home literature. This will synthesize the current state of the literature and inform future work. METHODS: A scoping review was completed using PRISMA guidelines...
March 7, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Huy Gia Vuong, Toru Odate, Uyen N P Duong, Kunio Mochizuki, Tadao Nakazawa, Ryohei Katoh, Tetsuo Kondo
BACKGROUND: Solid variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (SVPTC) is a rare variant of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and its prognostic value is still unclear. The purpose of this systematic clinical review and meta-analysis is to investigate the prognostic value of SVPTC in comparison with classical PTC (cPTC). METHODS: Four electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Virtual Health Library, were searched in June 2017. Extracted data were pooled into odds ratio (OR) or hazard ratio (HR) and their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) using the random-effect model...
March 6, 2018: Head & Neck
Seong Hi Park, Myung Sook Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the scientific evidence related to gum chewing to reduce ileus after gynecologic surgery. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using Ovid Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of gum chewing after gynecologic surgery in which the main outcomes measured were time to first flatus, time to defecation, and length of hospital stay...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Monali S Malvankar-Mehta, Ryan Wilson, Erik Leci, Kelly Hatch, Sapna Sharan
Background: The objective of this research was to conduct a systematic review and cost analysis to summarize, from the Ministry of Health perspective, the costs families might incur because of their child's prescription for refractive errors and amblyopia correction. Methods: Databases including MEDLINE, Embase, BIOSIS, CINAHL, HEED, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library as well as the gray literature were searched. Systematic review was conducted using EPPI-Reviewer 4...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
Ramin Hayati, Peivand Bastani, Mohammad Javad Kabir, Zahra Kavosi, Ghasem Sobhani
BACKGROUND: There are various criteria and methods to develop Basic Health Benefit Package (BHBP) in world health systems. The present study aimed to extract criteria used in health systems in different countries around the world using scoping review method. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out in Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, ProQuest, World Bank, World Health Organization, and Google databases between January and April 2016...
March 2, 2018: Globalization and Health
Dhammika D Siriwardhana, Sarah Hardoon, Greta Rait, Manuj C Weerasinghe, Kate R Walters
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the research conducted on prevalence of frailty and prefrailty among community-dwelling older adults in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and to estimate the pooled prevalence of frailty and prefrailty in community-dwelling older adults in LMICs. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PROSPERO registration number is CRD42016036083. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, Web of Science, CINAHL and WHO Global Health Library were searched from their inception to 12 September 2017...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
A Siebe De Boer, Esther M M Van Lieshout, Gerson Van Moolenbroek, Dennis Den Hartog, Michael H J Verhofstad
BACKGROUND: Post-operative weightbearing guidelines for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) have been pragmatically developed in the past, however hardly adapted to current health care insights. A period of six to nine weeks of non-weightbearing is usually recommended. It is unknown whether an earlier start of weightbearing is advisable. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to evaluate the effect of time to post-operative weightbearing on Böhler's angle...
February 21, 2018: Injury
Nadia Minian, Wayne K deRuiter, Mathangee Lingam, Tricia Corrin, Rosa Dragonetti, Heather Manson, Valerie H Taylor, Laurie Zawertailo, Arezoo Ebnahmady, Osnat C Melamed, Terri Rodak, Margaret Hahn, Peter Selby
BACKGROUND: Health behaviors directly impact the health of individuals, and populations. Since individuals tend to engage in multiple unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, physical inactivity, and eating an unhealthy diet simultaneously, many large community-based interventions have been implemented to reduce the burden of disease through the modification of multiple health behaviors. Smoking cessation can be particularly challenging as the odds of becoming dependent on nicotine increase with every unhealthy behavior a smoker exhibits...
March 1, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Parisa Asadollahi, Narges Nodeh Farahani, Mehdi Mirzaii, Seyed Sajjad Khoramrooz, Alex van Belkum, Khairollah Asadollahi, Masoud Dadashi, Davood Darban-Sarokhalil
Background: Staphylococcus aureus , a leading cause of community-acquired and nosocomial infections, remains a major health problem worldwide. Molecular typing methods, such as spa typing, are vital for the control and, when typing can be made more timely, prevention of S. aureus spread around healthcare settings. The current study aims to review the literature to report the most common clinical spa types around the world, which is important for epidemiological surveys and nosocomial infection control policies...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Hye-Geum Kim, Eun-Jin Cheon, Dai-Seg Bai, Young Hwan Lee, Bon-Hoon Koo
Objective: Physical or mental imbalance caused by harmful stimuli can induce stress to maintain homeostasis. During chronic stress, the sympathetic nervous system is hyperactivated, causing physical, psychological, and behavioral abnormalities. At present, there is no accepted standard for stress evaluation. This review aimed to survey studies providing a rationale for selecting heart rate variability (HRV) as a psychological stress indicator. Methods: Term searches in the Web of Science®, National Library of Medicine (PubMed), and Google Scholar databases yielded 37 publications meeting our criteria...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
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