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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926892/do-mobile-phone-applications-improve-glycemic-control-hba1c-in-the-self-management-of-diabetes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-grade-of-14-randomized-trials
#1
REVIEW
Can Hou, Ben Carter, Jonathan Hewitt, Trevor Francisa, Sharon Mayor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mobile phone applications (apps) on glycemic control (HbA1c) in the self-management of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Relevant studies that were published between 1 January 1996 and 1 June 2015 were searched from five databases: Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated diabetes apps were included. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) of the evidence...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923397/pharmacological-interventions-for-delirium-in-intensive-care-patients-a-protocol-for-an-overview-of-reviews
#2
Marija Barbateskovic, Laura Krone Larsen, Marie Oxenbøll-Collet, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is high. Delirium has been associated with morbidity and mortality including more ventilator days, longer ICU stay, increased long-term mortality and cognitive impairment. Thus, the burden of delirium for patients, relatives and societies is considerable. Today, reviews of randomised clinical trials are produced in large scales sometimes making it difficult to get an overview of the available evidence. A preliminary search identified several reviews investigating the effects of pharmacological interventions for the management and prevention of delirium in ICU patients...
December 7, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918253/placental-growth-factor-alone-or-in-combination-with-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-as-an-aid-to-the-assessment-of-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia-systematic-review-and-economic-analysis
#3
Geoff K Frampton, Jeremy Jones, Micah Rose, Liz Payne
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) prediction based on blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine, symptoms and laboratory test abnormalities can result in false-positive diagnoses. This may lead to unnecessary antenatal admissions and preterm delivery. Blood tests that measure placental growth factor (PlGF) or the ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to PlGF could aid prediction of PE if either were added to routine clinical assessment or used as a replacement for proteinuria testing...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912864/clinical-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-scorpionism-in-the-world-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Maria S V Santos, Cláudio G L Silva, Basílio Silva Neto, Cícero R P Grangeiro Júnior, Victor H G Lopes, Antônio G Teixeira Júnior, Deryk A Bezerra, João V C P Luna, Josué B Cordeiro, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Marcos A P Lima
OBJECTIVE: Scorpion stings are registered worldwide, but the incidence and the features of the envenomations vary depending on the region. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data worldwide regarding humans stung by scorpions. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted through the online databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), which hosts Medline and the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Informational (LILACS) database...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906934/can-unilateral-kyphoplasty-replace-bilateral-kyphoplasty-in-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Ping-Hui Zhou, Xiao-Feng Shen, Si-Wei Sun, Huilin Yang
BACKGROUND: Kyphoplasty has been proven to be an efficient method to relieve patient suffering from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Because of its technological superiority, unilateral kyphoplasty consumes less operative time and bone cement than traditional bilateral kyphoplasty. However, there is controversy about which method is most efficient in the treatment of OVCFs. Thus, an overall analysis should be performed to shed light on the facts corroborating both procedures...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#6
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893997/psychometric-properties-of-dual-task-balance-and-walking-assessments-for-individuals-with-neurological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Lei Yang, Freddy Man Hin Lam, Lin Rong Liao, Mei Zhen Huang, Cheng Qi He, Marco Yiu Chung Pang
BACKGROUND: The ability of performing a balance or walking task in conjunction with a secondary cognitive or motor task, referred to as dual-task (DT) ability, is essential in daily living. While there is some evidence that DT performance is impaired in individuals with neurological conditions, using reliable and valid tools to measure DT performance is essential. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of DT balance and walking assessments in individuals with different neurological conditions...
November 15, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#8
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888996/the-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-self-management-interventions-on-improvement-of-quality-of-life-in-copd-patients-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Danielle Cannon, Nicholas Buys, Krishna Bajee Sriram, Siddharth Sharma, Norman Morris, Jing Sun
This article aimed to analyse the outcome of self-management randomised control trials and their impact upon chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients' health outcomes using meta-analysis approach. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science databases and Cochrane Library, were searched for articles between 1990 and December 2015 by two researchers. Self-management programs significantly improved patients' quality of life across all domains of the St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (activity -2.21 (95% CI: -3...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884654/a-narrative-review-of-interventions-addressing-the-parental-fetal-relationship
#10
Nicole Borg Cunen, Julie Jomeen, Rita Borg Xuereb, Angela Poat
BACKGROUND: Expectant parents develop varying degrees of emotional affiliation with the unborn child. Interventions supporting this relationship may be beneficial given its link to maternal health behaviour during pregnancy, as well as the parental-infant bond after birth. AIM: To identify and describe the effects of programmes and strategies that have addressed the parental-fetal relationship. METHOD: English-language primary studies, published between 2005-2015, were identified and their methodological quality was assessed...
November 21, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884180/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-on-health-systems-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Jill Fortuin, Faatiema Salie, Leila H Abdullahi, Tania S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) has been described as a health enabling tool that impacts positively on the health system in terms of improved access, quality and cost of health care. The proposed systematic review will examine the impact of mHealth on health systems by assessing access, quality and cost of health care as indicators. METHODS: The systematic review will include literature from various sources including published and unpublished/grey literature...
November 25, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878842/pharmacologic-treatment-of-vitiligo-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Andreia Freire de Menezes, Fernanda Oliveira de Carvalho, Rosana S S Barreto, Bruno de Santana Silva, Saravanan Shanmugam, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo
BACKGROUND: The true pathogenic mechanism of vitiligo is still unknown. About half of the patients with this disease have onset before the age of 20 years, making it a serious dermatologic disorder in childhood. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review the literature in a systematic way and identify the main pharmacologic treatments and outcomes in children and adolescents with vitiligo. METHODS: Four databases-the National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE-PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS)-were used for the search up to January 2015...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875631/intravenous-nutrients-for-preventing-inadvertent-perioperative-hypothermia-in-adults
#14
REVIEW
Sheryl Warttig, Phil Alderson, Sharon R Lewis, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (a drop in core temperature to below 36°C) occurs because normal temperature regulation is disrupted during surgery, mainly because of the effects of anaesthetic drugs and exposure of the skin for prolonged periods. Many different ways of maintaining body temperature have been proposed, one of which involves administration of intravenous nutrients during the perioperative period that may reduce heat loss by increasing metabolism, thereby increasing heat production...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871332/the-prevalence-of-novel-psychoactive-substances-nps-use-in-non-clinical-populations-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Salma M Khaled, Elizabeth Hughes, Dan Bressington, Monica Zolezzi, Ahmed Radwan, Ashish Badnapurkar, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are new narcotic or psychotropic drugs that are not controlled by the United Nations drug convention that may pose a serious public health threat due to their wide availability for purchase on the internet and in so called "head shops." Yet, the extent of their global use remains largely unknown. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of NPS use in non-clinical populations. METHODS: This is a systematic review of observational studies...
November 21, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869298/informant-questionnaire-on-cognitive-decline-in-the-elderly-iqcode-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-dementia-across-a-variety-of-healthcare-settings
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer K Harrison, David J Stott, Rupert McShane, Anna H Noel-Storr, Rhiannon S Swann-Price, Terry J Quinn
BACKGROUND: The Informant Questionnaire for Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) is a structured interview based on informant responses that is used to assess for possible dementia. IQCODE has been used for retrospective or contemporaneous assessment of cognitive decline. There is considerable interest in tests that may identify those at future risk of developing dementia. Assessing a population free of dementia for the prospective development of dementia is an approach often used in studies of dementia biomarkers...
November 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855720/pharmacological-interventions-for-agitation-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
David R Williamson, Anne Julie Frenette, Lisa Burry, Marc M Perreault, Emmanuel Charbonney, François Lamontagne, Marie-Julie Potvin, Jean-François Giguère, Sangeeta Mehta, Francis Bernard
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide leading cause of mortality and disability. Among TBI complications, agitation is a frequent behavioural problem. Agitation causes potential harm to patients and caregivers, interferes with treatments, leads to unnecessary chemical and physical restraints, increases hospital length of stay, delays rehabilitation, and impedes functional independence. Pharmacological treatments are often considered for agitation management following TBI...
November 17, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855698/perceptions-and-experiences-of-patients-living-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Sim Leng Ooi, Hong-Gu He, Yanhong Dong, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac deaths have become a growing major public health concern that affects the world. Despite the various etiologies, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias attribute the main cause of sudden cardiac deaths. Therefore in certain groups of high-risk patients, the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) has been recommended as either a secondary or primary prophylactic method of prevention. OBJECTIVE: To summarise the perceptions of ICD recipients and provide an overview of their experiences with regards to the quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs...
November 17, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843497/assessing-agreement-of-blood-pressure-measuring-devices-in-tibetan-areas-of-china-a-systematic-review
#19
Cuomu Mingji, Igho J Onakpoya, Carl J Heneghan, Alison M Ward
BACKGROUND: The validity of blood pressure (BP)-measuring tools at very high altitudes is uncertain. Therefore, the objective of this review was to examine the degree of agreement of BP-measuring devices in Tibet. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, Global Health Library and the ISI Web of Science. Randomised and observational studies were considered for inclusion. The methodological characteristics of included studies were assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 criteria...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842615/the-use-of-milrinone-in-patients-with-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review
#20
Marcelo Lannes, Frederick Zeiler, Céline Guichon, Jeanne Teitelbaum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of the evidence supporting the use of milrinone for the management of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). DESIGN: Primary outcomes were functional neurological status and the incidence of cerebral infarction. Search strategies adapted to the different databases were developed by a professional librarian. Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, SCOPUS, BIOSIS, Global Health, Health Star, Open SIGLE, Google Scholar and the New York Academy of Medicine Gray Literature were searched as well as clinical trials databases and the proceedings of several scientific meetings...
November 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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