keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health science libraries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768436/the-effectiveness-of-various-computer-based-interventions-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-or-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Miel A P Vugts, Margot C W Joosen, Jessica E van der Geer, Aglaia M E E Zedlitz, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
Computer-based interventions target improvement of physical and emotional functioning in patients with chronic pain and functional somatic syndromes. However, it is unclear to what extent which interventions work and for whom. This systematic review and meta-analysis (registered at PROSPERO, 2016: CRD42016050839) assesses efficacy relative to passive and active control conditions, and explores patient and intervention factors. Controlled studies were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychInfo, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761473/glucocorticosteroids-for-infants-with-biliary-atresia-following-kasai-portoenterostomy
#3
REVIEW
Athanasios Tyraskis, Christopher Parsons, Mark Davenport
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is a life-threatening disease characterised by progressive destruction of both intra- and extra-hepatic biliary ducts. The mainstay of treatment is Kasai portoenterostomy, as soon as the disease has been confirmed. Glucocorticosteroids are steroid hormones which act on the glucocorticoid receptor and have a range of metabolic and immunomodulatory effects. Glucocorticosteroids are used to improve the postoperative outcomes in infants who have undergone Kasai portoenterostomy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756471/medication-regimen-complexity-measured-by-mrci-a-systematic-review-to-identify-health-outcomes
#4
Vanessa Alves-Conceição, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Fernanda Vilanova Nascimento Silva, Rafaella Oliveira Santos Silva, Daniel Tenório da Silva, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to identify health outcomes related to medication regimen complexity as measured by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) instrument. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Open Thesis, and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2004, until April 02, 2018, using the following search terms: outcome assessment, drug therapy, and Medication Regimen Complexity Index and their synonyms in different combinations...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751224/the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-improving-well-being-across-office-based-workplace-settings-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
S Abdin, R K Welch, J Byron-Daniel, J Meyrick
OBJECTIVES: Although the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, most of the population fails to meet the recommended levels of activity. Public health bodies such as the World Health Organisation emphasise promoting PA within workplaces as a key intervention setting to reach the health and well-being of the working population. Given the importance of well-being in workplace settings, it seems worthwhile to explore the evidence of effectiveness in the literature...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750384/effects-of-moderate-voluntary-ethanol-consumption-on-the-rat-and-human-gut-microbiome
#6
Kassi L Kosnicki, Jerrold C Penprase, Patricia Cintora, Pedro J Torres, Greg L Harris, Susan M Brasser, Scott T Kelley
Many alcohol-induced health complications are directly attributable to the toxicity of alcohol or its metabolites, but another potential health impact of alcohol may be on the microbial communities of the human gut. Clear distinctions between healthy and diseased-state gut microbiota have been observed in subjects with metabolic diseases, and recent studies suggest that chronic alcoholism is linked to gut microbiome dysbiosis. Here, we investigated the effects of moderate levels of alcohol consumption on the gut microbiome in both rats and humans...
May 11, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747663/the-lipid-lowering-effects-of-danhong-and-huangqi-injections-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-controlled-trials
#7
Liuqin Yu, Chunyang Zhou, Zhi Luo, Wei Zeng, Feiya Lai, Gangjie Han, Yongyan Song
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidaemia is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Danhong and Huangqi injections, two traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, have been widely studied regarding their lipid-lowering properties. However, the results were inconsistent and inconclusive. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis of clinical controlled trials to clarify the lipid-lowering effects of Danhong and Huangqi injections. METHODS: The databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Database, CNKI and VIP were searched...
May 10, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747651/the-effects-of-integrated-care-a-systematic-review-of-uk-and-international-evidence
#8
Susan Baxter, Maxine Johnson, Duncan Chambers, Anthea Sutton, Elizabeth Goyder, Andrew Booth
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems around the world have been responding to the demand for better integrated models of service delivery. However, there is a need for further clarity regarding the effects of these new models of integration, and exploration regarding whether models introduced in other care systems may achieve similar outcomes in a UK national health service context. METHODS: The study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of integration or co-ordination between healthcare services, or between health and social care on service delivery outcomes including effectiveness, efficiency and quality of care...
May 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747003/the-extent-and-effects-of-patient-involvement-in-pictogram-design-for-written-drug-information-a-short-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mara M van Beusekom, Anne H Kerkhoven, Mark J W Bos, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Jos M van den Broek
This short review provides insight into the extent and effectiveness of patient involvement in the design and evaluation of pictograms to support patient drug information. Pubmed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier and Web of Science were searched systematically; the 73 included articles were evaluated with the MMAT. We see that, usually, non-patient end-users are involved in the design of pharmaceutical pictograms - patients are more commonly involved in the final evaluation of pictogram success...
May 7, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743171/aerobic-exercise-interventions-reduce-blood-pressure-in-patients-after-stroke-or-transient-ischaemic-attack-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Cheng Wang, Jessica Redgrave, Mohsen Shafizadeh, Arshad Majid, Karen Kilner, Ali N Ali
OBJECTIVE: Secondary vascular risk reduction is critical to preventing recurrent stroke. We aimed to evaluate the effect of exercise interventions on vascular risk factors and recurrent ischaemic events after stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). DESIGN: Intervention systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: OVID MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, TRIP Database, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, UK Clinical Trials Gateway and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched from 1966 to October 2017...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741752/abdominal-drainage-to-prevent-intra-peritoneal-abscess-after-open-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis
#11
REVIEW
Zhe Li, Longshuan Zhao, Yao Cheng, Nansheng Cheng, Yilei Deng
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy, the surgical removal of the appendix, is performed primarily for acute appendicitis. Patients who undergo appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, defined as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, are more likely to suffer from postoperative complications. The routine use of abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is controversial.This is an update of the review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739400/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-prisoners-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Masoud Behzadifar, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Aziz Rezapour, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major public health problems both in developed and developing countries. Prison represents a high-risk environment for prisoners, in that it is characterized by high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug use (IDU), tattooing, unprotected sexual intercourses, or sharing syringes. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the prevalence of HCV among Iranian prisoners conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched different scholarly databases including Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Sciences, the Cochrane library, Scopus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO as well as Iranian bibliographic thesauri (namely, Barakatns, MagIran, and SID) up to December 2017...
May 9, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737522/interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-iron-chelation-therapy-in-people-with-sickle-cell-disease-or-thalassaemia
#13
REVIEW
Patricia M Fortin, Sheila A Fisher, Karen V Madgwick, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Carolyn Doree, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Regularly transfused people with sickle cell disease (SCD) and people with thalassaemia (who are transfusion-dependent or non-transfusion-dependent) are at risk of iron overload. Iron overload can lead to iron toxicity in vulnerable organs such as the heart, liver and endocrine glands; which can be prevented and treated with iron chelating agents. The intensive demands and uncomfortable side effects of therapy can have a negative impact on daily activities and well-being, which may affect adherence...
May 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724107/mapping-the-interprofessional-education-landscape-for-students-on-rural-clinical-placements-an-integrative-literature-review
#14
Lorraine Walker, Merylin Cross, Tony Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional collaboration and effective teamwork are core to optimising rural health outcomes; however, little is known about the opportunities available for interprofessional education (IPE) in rural clinical learning environments. This integrative literature review addresses this deficit by identifying, analysing and synthesising the research available about the nature of and potential for IPE provided to undergraduate students undertaking rural placements, the settings and disciplines involved and the outcomes achieved...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718853/pediatric-tuina-for-promoting-growth-and-development-of-preterm-infants-a-protocol-for-the-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trail
#15
Xinghe Zhang, Taipin Guo, Bowen Zhu, Qing Gao, Hourong Wang, Xiantao Tai, Fujie Jing
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are babies born alive before 37 weeks. Many survived infants concomitant with defects of growth and development, a lifetime of disability usually as following when insufficient intervention. In early intervention of preterm infants, pediatric Tuina shows good effect in many Chinese and some English clinical trials. This systematic review is aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pediatric Tuina for promoting growth and development of preterm infants. METHODS: The electronic databases of Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EBASE, Web of Science, Springer, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Wan-fang database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and other databases will be searched from establishment to April 1, 2018...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710788/lifestyle-interventions-for-people-with-and-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-polynesian-communities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Dorothy W Ndwiga, Freya MacMillan, Kate A McBride, David Simmons
There is evidence that lifestyle intervention among Polynesian people can reduce diabetes incidence and complications, but this evidence has not been systematically reviewed. The aim of this study was to systematically review the efficacy of lifestyle interventions, targeting the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes among Polynesian people. MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched to find randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post studies. Eight studies (four RCTs and four pre-post studies) with 1590 participants met the inclusion criteria...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708025/the-use-of-arts-interventions-for-mental-health-and-wellbeing-in-health-settings
#17
A Jensen, L O Bonde
AIMS: This literature review aims to illustrate the variety and multitude of studies showing that participation in arts activities and clinical arts interventions can be beneficial for citizens with mental and physical health problems. The article is focused on mental health benefits because this is an emerging field in the Nordic countries where evidence is demanded from national health agencies that face an increasing number of citizens with poor mental health and a need for non-medical interventions and programmes...
April 1, 2018: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704465/association-of-manual-or-engine-driven-glide-path-preparation-with-canal-centring-and-apical-transportation-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
R C Hartmann, O A Peters, Jap de Figueiredo, G Rossi-Fedele
The role and effect of glide path preparation in root canal treatment remains controversial. This systematic review aims to compare apical transportation and canal centring of different glide path preparation techniques, with or without subsequent engine-driven root canal preparation. A database search in PubMed, PubMed Central, Embase, Scopus, EBSCO Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source and Virtual Health Library was conducted, using appropriate key words to identify the effect of glide path preparation (or its absence) on apical transportation and canal centring...
April 28, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703387/food-drug-interactions-precipitated-by-fruit-juices-other-than-grapefruit-juice-an-update-review
#19
REVIEW
Meng Chen, Shu-Yi Zhou, Erlinda Fabriaga, Pian-Hong Zhang, Quan Zhou
This review addressed drug interactions precipitated by fruit juices other than grapefruit juice based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Literature was identified by searching PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science till December 30 2017. Among 46 finally included RCTs, six RCTs simply addressed pharmacodynamic interactions and 33 RCTs studied pharmacokinetic interactions, whereas seven RCTs investigated both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions. Twenty-two juice-drug combinations showed potential clinical relevance...
April 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703064/acupuncture-for-chronic-prostatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#20
Tianzhong Peng, Ying Cheng, Yuhao Jin, Na Xu, Taipin Guo
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis (CP) is a prevalent genitourinary condition. Considering its safety profile, acupuncture can be an option treating CP symptoms. The aim of this review is to undertake a systematic review to estimate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture on CP. METHODS: We will search all randomized controlled trials for CP in August 2018 in the databases of MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, Springer, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan fang, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), PsycInfo, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and other available resources...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
85963
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"