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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090704/effectiveness-of-telephone-based-interventions-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-prognostic-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Q Zhang, L Zhang, R Yin, T Fu, H Chen, B Shen
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of telephone-based interventions on prognostic outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in breast cancer patients and survivors. A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Web of science, Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and CBM database was carried out. Randomised, controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of telephone-based intervention versus a control group receiving no telephone intervention, on prognostic outcomes and HRQoL with breast cancer were included...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088237/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Johannes G M Burgerhof
INTRODUCTION: Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a challenge to global tuberculosis (TB) control and remains a major public health concern in many countries. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasingly recognized comorbidity that can both accelerate TB disease and complicate its treatment. The aim of this study is to summarize available evidence on the association of DM and MDR-TB among TB patients and to provide a pooled estimate of risks. METHODS: All studies published in English before October 2016 will be searched using comprehensive search strings through PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and WHO Global Health Library databases which have reported the association of DM and MDR-TB in adults with TB (age > =15)...
January 14, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086971/characteristics-and-use-of-urban-health-indicator-tools-by-municipal-built-environment-policy-and-decision-makers-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nicole Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies
BACKGROUND: There is wide agreement that there is a lack of attention to health in municipal environmental policy-making, such as urban planning and regeneration. Explanations for this include differing professional norms between health and urban environment professionals, system complexity and limited evidence for causality between attributes of the built environment and health outcomes. Data from urban health indicator (UHI) tools are potentially a valuable form of evidence for local government policy and decision-makers...
January 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063463/need-for-more-research-on-and-health-interventions-for-transgender-people
#5
Yeimer Ortiz-Martínez, Carlos Miguel Ríos-González
Background: Recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) scientific production is growing, but transgender (TG) people is less considered in the LGBT-related research, highlighting the lack of representative data on this neglected population. Methods: To assess the current status of scientific production on TG population, a bibliometric study was performed using the articles on TG people deposited in five databases, including PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Science Citation Index (SCI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS)...
January 9, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062410/distance-learning-for-updating-health-professionals-in-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#6
Anderson Luiz Carvalho Taroco, Tania Cristina de Oliveira Valente, Camila Soares Carbogim
OBJECTIVES: To review literature regarding online educational initiatives in palliative care which are targeted to update health professionals and prepare distance courses suitable for a Brazilian context. METHODS: 7 databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SCIELO, CINAHL, Science Direct and Scopus) were reviewed for published papers between January 2004 and August 2014 using the PRISMA methodology. Included studies focused on health professionals and had at least part of the course in a distance learning approach...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057608/acupuncture-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Taipin Guo, Bowen Zhu, Qian Zhang, Yejiao Yang, Qi He, Xinghe Zhang, Xiantao Tai
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP), a childhood disease of high morbidity and serious harmfulness, has no effective therapies to completely relieve the associated pain. Acupuncture has been used widely in China to alleviate several CP symptoms, such as pain and motion disorders, despite the deficiency of high-quality evidence related to this practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review protocol is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of children with CP...
January 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056665/the-patient-perspective-on-the-effects-of-medical-record-accessibility-a-systematic-review
#8
Peter Vermeir, Sophie Degroote, Dominique Vandijck, Hanne Van Tiggelen, Renaat Peleman, Rik Verhaeghe, An Mariman, Dirk Vogelaers
BACKGROUND: Health care is shifting from a paternalistic to a participatory model, with increasing patient involvement. Medical record accessibility to patients may contribute significantly to patient comanagement. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on the patient perspective of effects of personal medical record accessibility on the individual patient, patient-physician relationship and quality of medical care. METHODS: Screening of PubMed, Web of Science, Cinahl, and Cochrane Library on the keywords 'medical record', 'patient record', 'communication', 'patient participation', 'doctor-patient relationship', 'physician-patient relationship' between 1 January 2002 and 31 January 2016; systematic review after assessment for methodological quality...
January 6, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046049/health-care-needs-and-support-for-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#9
Setor K Kunutsor, Andrew D Beswick, Tim J Peters, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Andrew J Moore
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasty are common interventions for the treatment of joint conditions, most notably osteoarthritis. Although many patients benefit from surgery, approximately 1% of patients develop infection afterwards known as deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI), which often requires further major surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess support needs of patients undergoing treatment for PJI following hip or knee arthroplasty and to identify and evaluate what interventions are routinely offered to support such patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032056/diabetic-personal-health-record-a-systematic-review-article
#10
REVIEW
Amirabbas Azizi, Robab Aboutorabi, Zahra Mazloum-Khorasani, Benyamin Hoseini, Mahmood Tara
BACKGROUND: Diabetes disease is one of the 4 main types of non-communicable diseases. No research has been conducted in order to identify data items for Diabetic Personal Health Record (DPHR), in Iran. This study, with the aim of systematically developing the DPHR was done to supply ultimately the country with a national model through Delphi method. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the following electronic databases: PubMed, Web of sciences, Scopus, Science Direct, and ACM digital library...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996085/supportive-interventions-for-enhancing-dietary-intake-in-malnourished-or-nutritionally-at-risk-adults
#11
REVIEW
Christine Baldwin, Katherine L Kimber, Michelle Gibbs, Christine Elizabeth Weekes
BACKGROUND: Supportive interventions such as serving meals in a dining room environment or the use of assistants to feed patients are frequently recommended for the management of nutritionally vulnerable groups. Such interventions are included in many policy and guideline documents and have implications for staff time but may incur additional costs, yet there appears to be a lack of evidence for their efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of supportive interventions for enhancing dietary intake in malnourished or nutritionally at-risk adults...
December 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991651/oxygen-therapy-for-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
REVIEW
Juan B Cabello, Amanda Burls, José I Emparanza, Susan E Bayliss, Tom Quinn
BACKGROUND: Oxygen (O2) is widely used in people with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Previous systematic reviews concluded that there was insufficient evidence to know whether oxygen reduced, increased or had no effect on heart ischaemia or infarct size. Our first Cochrane review in 2010 also concluded there was insufficient evidence to know whether oxygen should be used. Since 2010, the lack of evidence to support this widely used intervention has attracted considerable attention, prompting further trials of oxygen therapy in myocardial infarction patients...
19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982347/reference-values-for-the-six-minute-walk-test-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
Lucas de Assis Pereira Cacau, Valter Joviniano de Santana-Filho, Luana G Maynard, Mansueto Gomes, Marcelo Fernandes, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho
Objective: The aim of the study is to compare the available reference values and the six-minute walk test equations in healthy children/adolescents. Our systematic review was planned and performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. We included all studies that established reference values for the six-minute walk test in healthy children/adolescents. Methods: To perform this review, a research was performed in PubMed, EMBASE (via SCOPUS) and Cochrane (LILACS), Bibliographic Index Spanish in Health Sciences, Organization Collection Pan-American Health Organization, Publications of the World Health Organization and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) via Virtual Health Library until June 2015 without language restriction...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974062/interventions-to-reduce-the-impact-of-unemployment-and-economic-hardship-on-mental-health-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#14
T H M Moore, N Kapur, K Hawton, A Richards, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Job loss, debt and financial difficulties are associated with increased risk of mental illness and suicide in the general population. Interventions targeting people in debt or unemployed might help reduce these effects. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions to reduce the effects of unemployment and debt on mental health in general population samples...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968871/global-prevalence-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-congenital-cataract-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Xiaohang Wu, Erping Long, Haotian Lin, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cataract is the primary cause of treatable childhood blindness worldwide. The establishment of reliable, epidemiological estimates is an essential first step towards development of causal and management strategies. We therefore undertook an initial systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global prevalence and other epidemiological characteristics of congenital cataract. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases with a combination of search terms, including "congenital cataract", "prevalence", "epidemiology", "population", and "survey", up to January, 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943551/a-systematic-review-of-dyadic-studies-examining-relationship-quality-incouples-facing-colorectal-cancer-together
#16
REVIEW
Chiara Acquati, Jennifer Barsky Reese, Eli Karam, Karen Kayser, Kristen Mark, Daniela Wittmann
BACKGROUND: Despite the adverse effects that treatment for colorectal cancer can have on patients' quality of life and, in particular, their intimate relationships, very little research has been conducted on the psychosocial adjustment for both patients and their partners/spouses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine dyadic studies of adjustment in couples in which one partner has been diagnosed with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Pub Med, PsychINFO, MEDLINE, Social Sciences Abstracts (EBSCO) and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies reporting quality of life outcomes for colorectal cancer patients and their partners/spouses...
December 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943483/rapid-realist-review-of-the-evidence-achieving-lasting-change-when-mental-health-rehabilitation-staff-undertake-recovery-oriented-training
#17
REVIEW
M Gee, S Bhanbrho, S Cook, H Killaspy
AIM: To identify the factors contributing to lasting change in practice following a recovery-based training intervention for inpatient mental health rehabilitation staff. BACKGROUND: Staff training may help nurses and other staff groups in inpatient mental health rehabilitative settings to increase their recovery-oriented practice. There are no published reviews on the effectiveness of such training and few long-term evaluations. This review informed a realist evaluation of a specific intervention ('GetREAL')...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943261/efavirenz-or-nevirapine-in-three-drug-combination-therapy-with-two-nucleoside-or-nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-for-initial-treatment-of-hiv-infection-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#18
REVIEW
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Sara Mursleen, James H Irlam, Alicen B Spaulding, George W Rutherford, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality due to HIV infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) ART guidelines focus on three classes of antiretroviral drugs, namely nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and protease inhibitors. Two of the most common medications given as first-line treatment are the NNRTIs, efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP)...
10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926892/do-mobile-phone-applications-improve-glycemic-control-hba1c-in-the-self-management-of-diabetes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-grade-of-14-randomized-trials
#19
REVIEW
Can Hou, Ben Carter, Jonathan Hewitt, Trevor Francisa, Sharon Mayor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mobile phone applications (apps) on glycemic control (HbA1c) in the self-management of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Relevant studies that were published between 1 January 1996 and 1 June 2015 were searched from five databases: Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated diabetes apps were included. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) of the evidence...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923397/pharmacological-interventions-for-delirium-in-intensive-care-patients-a-protocol-for-an-overview-of-reviews
#20
Marija Barbateskovic, Laura Krone Larsen, Marie Oxenbøll-Collet, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is high. Delirium has been associated with morbidity and mortality including more ventilator days, longer ICU stay, increased long-term mortality and cognitive impairment. Thus, the burden of delirium for patients, relatives and societies is considerable. Today, reviews of randomised clinical trials are produced in large scales sometimes making it difficult to get an overview of the available evidence. A preliminary search identified several reviews investigating the effects of pharmacological interventions for the management and prevention of delirium in ICU patients...
December 7, 2016: Systematic Reviews
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