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Endocrinology & Diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234049/a-novel-classification-indicator-of-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-china
#1
Yannian Wang, Shanshan Liu, Ruoxi Chen, Zhongning Chen, Jinlei Yuan, Quanzhong Li
Because of the differences of treatment, it is extremely important to classify the types of diabetes, especially for the diagnosis made by clinician. In this study, we proposed a novel scheme calculating an indicator of classifying diabetes, which contains two stages: the first is a model of feature extraction, 17 features are automatically extracted from the curve of glucose concentration acquired by continuous glucose monitoring system (CGM); the second is a model of diabetes parameter regression based on an ensemble learning algorithm named double-Class AdaBoost...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232497/evaluation-of-olfaction-and-taste-function-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-peripheral-neuropathy
#2
Semih Yazla, Süay Özmen, Sinem Kıyıcı, Demet Yıldız, Mehmet Haksever, Sündüz Gencay
AIMS: Olfaction and gustation in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have great significance on quality of life and their impairment may result in possible hazards. A limited number of studies have been performed to determine the alteration of both gustatory and olfactory function in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). The aim of this study was to determine whether type 2 diabetic patients, with and without DPN, exhibit major olfactory and gustatory dysfunction using validated and dependable techniques...
December 12, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218959/self-efficacy-depression-and-self-care-activities-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-turkey
#3
Sultan Kav, Arzu Akman Yilmaz, Yasemin Bulut, Nevin Dogan
Background: Self-efficacy related to self-care behaviors in people with type 2 diabetes has been well reported. However no work has been reported in Turkey that uses reliable instruments to examine the relationships among self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy. Aim: This study aims to investigate self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy among people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Methods: The sample included 200 patients with type 2 diabetes from an endocrinology outpatient clinic at a university hospital...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215656/-control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes-in-a-specialized-diabetic-clinic
#4
B Pérez-Pevida, N Varela, S Pérez Rodríguez, E Martínez Segura, J Salvador, J Escalada
BACKGROUND: Achieving an adequate control of glycaemic and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is essential in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, several studies have shown that the percentage of patients achieving these goals is scarce. We evaluated the degree of control of CVRFs target goals in T2DM patients who regularly attend a specialized diabetic clinic. METHODS: We studied T2DM patients who attended the specialized Diabetic Unit at the Department of Endocrinology of Clínica Universitaria de Navarra with a minimum follow-up of one year...
December 7, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212592/-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-and-endocrinological-side-effects
#5
Line Bisgaard Jørgensen, Lars Bastholt, Knud Yderstræde
Immune checkpoint inhibitors including anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 and anti-programmed cell death-1 have revolutionized cancer therapy but have also induced serious immune-related adverse events including hormonal dysfunction. The objective of this review is to characterize the incidence, clinical presentation, management and prognosis of the endocrine-related adverse events including hypophysitis, thyroid dysfunction and diabetes mellitus. Combination therapy is associated with an increased risk of adverse events...
December 4, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208878/study-of-thyroid-disorders-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#6
N Z Khan, M A Muttalib, G S Sultana, F A Mishu, A Nesa
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and thyroid disorders (TD) are the two most common endocrine disorders in clinical practice. Unrecognized thyroid disorders may adversely affect the metabolic control and add more risk to an already predisposing type 2 diabetes mellitus. The objective of the study is to find out the percentage of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and non diabetic subjects. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of Biochemistry and outpatient Department of Endocrinology, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2014 to June 2015...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207699/effect-of-12-weeks-of-yoga-therapy-on-quality-of-life-and-indian-diabetes-risk-score-in-normotensive-indian-young-adult-prediabetics-and-diabetics-randomized-control-trial
#7
Gorantla Shravya Keerthi, Pravati Pal, Gopal Krushna Pal, Jaya Prakash Sahoo, Magadi Gopalakrishna Sridhar, Jayaraman Balachander
Introduction: India has become the epicentre for diabetes, a stress-related disorder affecting the working skills and day-to-day lifestyle management of younger population. Most of the studies have reported the effect of yoga on improving Quality of Life (QoL) in diabetic patients with other comorbidities. Till date, no randomized control trial reports are available to show the effect of yoga therapy on QoL and Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) in normotensive prediabetic and diabetic young individuals...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205693/evaluation-of-factors-related-to-glycaemic-control-among-south-korean-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Won-Hee Choi, Yeong-Mi Seo, Yeongmi Ha
AIMS: To examine specific self-care behaviours, depression, and diabetes-related stress among South Korean patients with type 2 diabetes and to evaluate whether these factors are related to glycaemic control. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 171 patients with type 2 diabetes who visited an endocrinology clinic. A structured questionnaire and electronic medical records were used to collect data regarding self-care behaviours, depression, diabetes-related distress, and glycaemic control between May 2015 and July 2015...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205013/study-on-regulation-of-adipokines-on-body-fat-distribution-and-its-correlation-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Xiaoxi Liu, Xiaojuan Li, Changhui Li, Chengjun Gong, Songyan Liu, Yan Shi
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to investigate the regulating role of adipokine expression level in body fat distribution of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2MD) as well as its correlation with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: 140 patients with T2MD admitted in the Endocrinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to July 2017 were selected; their body height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI); patients with a BMI ≤23...
December 4, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201325/the-association-between-solar-lentigines-and-type-2-diabetes
#10
Bobak Moazzami, Niloofar Razavi, Mansour Babaei, Motahareh Haghparast, Mohammad Ali Bayani
Background: Limited information exists between the associations of diabetes mellitus (DM) and solar lentigo (SL); a benign, common skin lesion characterized by hyperpigmented macules. Methods: This study was conducted on 90 patients diagnosed with DM and their age and sex matched controls who were referred to the Departments of Endocrinology at Babol University of Medical Science in Northern of Iran from January 2013 to December 2015. All demographic data including age, gender, occupation, family history of DM, estimated average sun exposure and presence of skin lesions were collected and analyzed...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197387/liraglutide-and-metformin-alone-or-combined-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-complicated-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ying Liu, Xia Jiang, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: This study is to compare the effects of Liraglutide and Metformin alone or combined treatment on the cardiac function in T2DM patients complicated with CAD. METHODS: 120 T2DM patients were included at Endocrinology Department of Tianjin First Center Hospital (Tianjin, China) from April 2012 to September 2013. The study contained two sections. Section 1: 30 patients in group 1 was treated with Liraglutide (Novo Nordisk) (1.2 mg/d), and 30 patients in group 2 with Metformin (Shiguibao) (1500 mg/d) for 24 weeks...
December 2, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190137/high-risk-gastric-pathology-and-prevalent-autoimmune-diseases-in-patients-with-pernicious-anemia
#12
Jing W Hughes, Brian D Muegge, Garry S Tobin, Marina Litvin, Lulu Sun, Jose B Saenz, C Prakash Gyawali, Janet B McGill
OBJECTIVE: Pernicious anemia (PA) develops from atrophic gastritis due to autoimmune destruction of parietal cells and results in achlorhydria, vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies, anemia, neurologic deficits, and premalignant and malignant stomach lesions. We report the presentation, diagnosis and gastric complications of PA in patients from an endocrinology practice. METHODS: Thirty-four patients (31 female, 3 male) with PA who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or gastrectomy were identified...
November 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189861/-study-and-management-of-thyroid-nodes-by-non-specialist-physicians-soched-consensus
#13
Hernán Tala, René E Díaz, José Miguel Domínguez Ruiz-Tagle, Jorge Sapunar Zenteno, Pedro Pineda, Patricia Arroyo Albala, Marcela Barberán, Patricio Cabané, Francisco Cruz Olivos, Patricio Gac E, Andrea Glasinovic Pizarro, Hernán E González, Francisca Grob, Maria Soledad Hidalgo Valle, Rodrigo Jaimovich, Alejandra Lanas, Claudio Liberman, Maite Lobo Guiñez, Arturo Madrid
The thyroid nodule is a frequent cause of primary care consultation. The prevalence of a palpable thyroid nodule is approximately 4-7%, increasing up to 67% by the incidental detection of nodules on ultrasound. The vast majority are benign and asymptomatic, staying stable over time. The clinical importance of studying a thyroid nodule is to exclude thyroid cancer, which occurs in 5 to 10% of the nodules. The Board of SOCHED (Chilean Society of Endocrinology and Diabetes) asked the Thyroid Study Group to develop a consensus regarding the diagnostic management of the thyroid nodule in Chile, aimed at non-specialist physicians and adapted to the national reality...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186914/the-contribution-of-new-areas-to-the-total-hirsutism-scores-in-basrah-hirsute-women
#14
Rudha Naser Hussein, Khalil Ismail Al Hamdi, Abbas Ali Mansour
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism is the presence of excessive growth of terminal hair in a female in the male-like pattern. It is the most common indicator of hyperandrogenism. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of new androgens sensitive skin area to total body hirsutism score. METHODS: This was cross-sectional study. Most of the patients in this study group (n = 300) were women of reproductive age group (20-39 years) with a mean age of 26...
November 27, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184810/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-endocrine-disorders-endocrinology-and-the-eye
#15
REVIEW
Alisha Kamboj, Michael Lause, Priyanka Kumar
Disorders of the endocrine system usually manifest in a multi-organ fashion. More specifically, many endocrinopathies become apparent in the eye first through a variety of distinct pathophysiologic disturbances. The eye provides physicians with valuable clues for the recognition and management of numerous systemic diseases, including many disorders of the endocrine pathway. Recognizing ophthalmic manifestations of endocrine disorders is critical not only for rapid diagnosis and treatment, but also to prevent significant morbidity and mortality...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184425/obesity-and-morbid-obesity-associated-with-higher-odds-of-hypoalbuminemia-in-adults-without-liver-disease-or-renal-failure
#16
Rana H Mosli, Hala H Mosli
Background and objective: Studies are needed in order to inform recommendations for interpreting albumin levels among obese individuals without known medical conditions associated with hypoalbuminemia. The objective of this study was to examine the association of obese and morbidly obese status with hypoalbuminemia, while adjusting for age, sex, diabetes, prediabetes, diabetic nephropathy, and nephrotic syndrome. Patients and methods: Retrospective data collection from adult patients presenting to the outpatient Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic was performed between January 2015 and December 2015...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183106/monogenic-diabetes-not-caused-by-mutations-in-mody-genes-a-very-heterogenous-group-of-diabetes
#17
Zeynep Şıklar, Elisa de Franco, Matthew B Johnson, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Serdar Ceylaner, Kaan Boztuğ, Figen Doğu, Aydan İkincioğulları, Zarife Kuloğlu, Aydan Kansu, Merih Berberoğlu
Monogenic diabetes represents a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from a single gene defect leading to disruption of insulin secretion or a reduction in the number of beta cells. Despite the classification of monogenic diabetes into neonatal diabetes or maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) according to age of onset, not every case can be classified into those 2 groups. We evaluated patients with monogenic diabetes diagnosed during the last 10 year period. Type 1 DM, MODY, and patients with negative autoantibodies and no mutation in a known gene were excluded from the study...
November 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183104/prevalence-and-progression-rate-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-correlation-with-the-duration-of-diabetes
#18
Margarete Voigt, Sebastian Schmidt, Thomas Lehmann, Benjamin Köhler, Christoph Kloos, UlrichA Voigt, Daniel Meller, Gunther Wolf, Ulrich A Müller, Nicolle Müller
Aims We examined prevalence and progression of retinopathy in dependence on diabetes duration in order to estimate the probability of progression. Patients/Methods In a retrospective cohort-analysis from an academic outpatient department of endocrinology and metabolic diseases we analyzed 17461 consultations of 4513 patients with DM2 from 1987 to 2014. 50.3% of the patients (n=2272) had at least one documented result of funduscopy. Results 25.8% of the patients had retinopathy (20.2% non-proliferative, 4.7% proliferative, 0...
November 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173499/good-value-care-when-less-is-more
#19
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171555/association-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-polymorphism-with-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-pakistani-urban-population-a-case-control-study
#20
Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam, Ali Asghar, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: To assess if genotypes/diplotypes of vitamin D binding protein have any association with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted from January 2013 to July 2015 at the endocrinology clinics of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised adult patients with type 2 diabetes and their age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Venous blood was obtained and assessed for serum/plasma 25 hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, calcium, alkaline phosphatase and creatinine...
November 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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