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Endocrinology & Diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818160/determination-of-mean-glycated-haemoglobin-in-healthy-adults-of-a-local-population
#1
Sumbal Nida, Dilshad Ahmed Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Qaiser Alam Khan, Hira Aleef, Maria Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean hemoglobin HbA1C levels of disease-free adults in a local population and its optimum cutoff for the diagnosis of diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Healthy subjects aged 18 years and above of either gender were recruited from local population...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816925/treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-associated-with-antipsychotic-medication-literature-review
#2
Antonia Vuk, Maja Baretic, Martina Matovinovic Osvatic, Igor Filipcic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
BACKGROUND: The second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with metabolic disturbances. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare, but potentially fatal sign of acute glucose metabolism dysregulation, which may be associated with the use of SGAs. This study aims to review published reports of patients with schizophrenia and antipsychotic drug-associated DKA, focusing on the effective management of both conditions. METHODS: Using a predefined search strategy, we searched PubMed and EMBASE from their inception to July 2016...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811807/impact-of-24-hour-helpline-service-for-people-with-diabetes
#3
Farrukh Ahmed, Asim-Bin-Zafar, Musarrat Riaz, Erum Ghafoor, Rabia Abdul Rehman, Qutub Uddin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and effectiveness of 24-hour helpline service in providing information and educating patients about self-management of diabetes. METHOD: The study was conducted at Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology (BIDE), a tertiary diabetes care center, Karachi, Pakistan. People with diabetes attending the outpatient department from November 2012 to October 2014 were included in this study. After providing diabetes education, a helpline number was provided for emergency situations...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811776/role-of-ramadan-specific-diabetes-education-rsde-a-prospective-study
#4
Muhammad Yakoob Ahmedani, Shahid Ahsan, Muhammad Saif Ul Haque
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of Ramadan Specific Diabetes Education (RSDE) in the management of fasting patients with diabetes. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out at out-patients department (OPD) of Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology (BIDE), in 2012. Recruitment of patients started a month prior to Ramadan. Muslim patients with diabetes whether had their first or on follow up visit to the OPD and showed intention to hold fast in the month of Ramadan, were included...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802987/glucose-lowering-drugs-balancing-risks-and-benefits
#5
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794862/case-report-an-incidentaloma-that-catches-your-eye-adrenal-myelolipoma
#6
Rosanna D'Addosio, Joselyn Rojas, Valmore Bermúdez, Flor Ledesma, Kyle Hoedebecke
Background: Adrenal incidentaloma refers to the incidental finding of a tumor in the adrenal gland, where nonfunctional forms are the most common variant. Myelolipoma is a rare (0.08-0.4%) occurrence characterized by adipose and hematopoietic tissue. The aim of this case report is to describe the diagnosis and appropriate management of a myelolipoma in an asymptomatic patient, which was originally considered an incidental hepatic hemangioma prior to being identified as a giant adrenal adenoma. Case description: The patient was a 54 year old obese female with a recent diagnosis of diabetes type II and dyslipidemia with recent ultrasound imaging suggestive of a hepatic hemangioma...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793967/type-2-diabetes-specialty-clinic-model-for-the-accountable-care-organization-era
#7
Heather Klingeman, Martha Funnell, Amolak Jhand, Sangeeta Lathkar-Pradhan, Israel Hodish
AIMS: A third of the patients with Type 2 diabetes have an advance disease that requires complex pharmacotherapies and advanced expertise, dependent on multiple clinical interactions. Unfortunately, limited providers availability enables only sporadic interactions. Additionally, the expanding Accountable Care Organization (ACO) concept enhances providers' compensation when clinical performance is improving while limiting face-to-face clinic visits. METHODS: We developed an advanced type 2 specialty clinic model, geared toward frequent remote clinical interventions while limiting face-to-face clinic visits...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790222/prevalence-and-profile-of-fibrosis-in-diabetic-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-the-associated-factors
#8
Ignatius Bima Prasetya, Irsan Hasan, Wismandari Wisnu, Cleopas Martin Rumende
BACKGROUND: the risk of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is increasing in patients with type-2 diabetes. Prevalence and factors related to the increased risk of NAFLD in diabetic patients in Indonesia has never been studied before. Data regarding the profile of fibrosis in the population has also been unknown. This study aimed to identify the difference on the profile of diabetic patients with and without NAFLD as well as the degree of fibrosis. METHODS: the study was conducted using a cross-sectional method in type-2 diabetic patients who were treated at the outpatient clinic of endocrinology and metabolic division in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital...
April 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781255/-pharmacological-approaches-for-correction-of-thyroid-dysfunctions-in-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
A O Shpakov
Thyroid diseases are closely associated with the development of types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and as a consequence, the development of effective approaches for their treatment is one of the urgent problems of endocrinology. Traditionally, thyroid hormones (TH) are used to correct functions of the thyroid system. However, they are characterized by many side effects, such as their negative effect on the cardiovascular system as well as the ability of TH to enhance insulin resistance and to disturb insulin-producing function of pancreas, exacerbating thereby diabetic pathology...
May 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774463/clinical-trials-a-pending-subject
#10
B Gil-Extremera, P Jiménez-López, J D Mediavilla-García
Clinical trials are essential tools for the progress of clinical medicine in its diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. Since the first trial in 1948, which related tobacco use with lung cancer, there have been more than 150,000 clinical trials to date in various areas (paediatrics, cardiology, oncology, endocrinology, etc.). This article highlights the importance for all physicians to participate, over the course of their professional career, in a clinical trial, due to the inherent benefits for patients, the progress of medicine and for curricular prestige...
July 31, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763896/-association-between-serum-uric-acid-levels-and-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Z Y Li, B Liu, Y Ji, X J Zhuang, Y D Shen, H R Tian, L X Li, F Liu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 400 patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Jinshan Branch, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital between April 2014 and December 2015 were divided into normouricemia (NUA, n=319) group and hyperuricemia (HUA, n=81) group according to the presence of HUA. Clinical features of the two groups were compared...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#12
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754308/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-fragmented-qrs-complexes-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-study
#13
Adil Bayramoğlu, Hakan Taşolar, Osman Bektaş, Mehmet Yaman, Yasemin Kaya, Muhammet Özbilen, Ahmet Kaya
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an endocrinological disease with both metabolic and physiological components. Previous studies have shown a relationship between MetS and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. A fragmented QRS (fQRS) is a reliable electrocardiogram (ECG) finding with the importance of an indicator of myocardial fibrosis and scarring. In this study, we examined the utility of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in assessing LV function in MetS patients with fQRS...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740392/cholecalciferol-improves-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-6-month-prospective-interventional-study
#14
Aml Mohamed Nada, Dalia A Shaheen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on glucose homeostasis and lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients who have vitamin D deficiency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-five type 2 diabetic patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents as mono- or combination therapy were recruited from the diabetes and endocrinology clinic. Subject demographics, duration of diabetes, antidiabetic medication, body mass index (BMI), pulse, and blood pressure (BP) were assessed...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739653/the-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-shifting-the-focus-to-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering
#15
Sheela N Magge, Elizabeth Goodman, Sarah C Armstrong
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was developed by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, identifying adults with at least 3 of 5 cardiometabolic risk factors (hyperglycemia, increased central adiposity, elevated triglycerides, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and elevated blood pressure) who are at increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The constellation of MetS component risk factors has a shared pathophysiology and many common treatment approaches grounded in lifestyle modification...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#16
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736691/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-osteoporosis-among-jordanian-postmenopausal-women-attending-the-national-center-for-diabetes-endocrinology-and-genetics-in-jordan
#17
Dana Hyassat, Taghreed Alyan, Hashem Jaddou, Kamel M Ajlouni
To assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia among Jordanian postmenopausal women attending the National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics (NCDEG), and to determine the potential associated risk factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted at (NCDEG) in Amman, Jordan. A total of 1079 Jordanian postmenopausal women aged between 45 and 84 years were included in this study that was conducted during the period between April 2013 and December 2014. All patients underwent bone mineral density measurement through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735923/excessive-daytime-somnolence-is-associated-with-hypoglycemia-in-adult-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
M Arosemena Coronel, J Sánchez Armijos, D Tettamanti Miranda, D Vásquez Cedeño, R Mariani Carrera, M Navarro Chávez, P R Castillo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the frequency of sleep disorders in hypoglycemic diabetic patients and possible relationships with scores of sleep disorders and restless legs syndrome in mestizo population in Guayaquil, Ecuador. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted at an outpatient endocrinology clinic in urban and rural Ecuador regions, included 290 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus with severe hypoglycemic episodes, completed, validated, and culturally adapted sleep questionnaires to assess daytime sleepiness, risk of sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732660/forging-paths-to-improve-diabetes-care-in-low-income-settings
#19
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#20
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
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