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Pelvic girdle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148042/comparative-anatomy-of-zebrafish-paired-and-median-fin-muscles-basis-for-functional-developmental-and-macroevolutionary-studies
#1
Natalia Siomava, Rui Diogo
In the last decades, Danio rerio became one of the most used model organisms in various evo-devo studies devoted to the fin skeletal anatomy and fin-limb transition. Surprisingly, there is not even a single paper about the detailed anatomy of the adult muscles of the five fin types of this species. To facilitate more integrative developmental, functional, genetic, and evolutionary studies of the appendicular musculoskeletal system of the zebrafish and to provide a basis for further comparisons with other fishes and tetrapods, we describe here the identity, overall configuration, and attachments of appendicular muscles in a way that can be easily understood and implemented by non-anatomist researchers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#2
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115735/the-effectiveness-of-stabilising-exercises-in-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-pregnancy-and-after-delivery-a-systematic-review
#3
S Almousa, E Lamprianidou, G Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which affects women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. In previous years, physiotherapists have focused on managing pelvic girdle pain through stabilizing exercises. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the effectiveness of the stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following electronic databases were utilized to search for eligible studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Library...
November 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108763/age-estimation-in-a-sub-adult-western-australian-population-based-on-the-analysis-of-the-pelvic-girdle-and-proximal-femur
#4
Siobhan Sullivan, Ambika Flavel, Daniel Franklin
The accurate and precise estimation of skeletal age by a forensic anthropologist is both a professional and judicial requirement. When unknown skeletal remains are referred to the anthropologist, the estimation of the requisite biological attributes (e.g., age and sex) should accordingly be based on the application of population-specific standards (statistical data). Deviations from the latter practice may result in reduced accuracy and compromised identification. Towards informing appropriate forensic practice, the aim of the present study is to develop statistically quantified age estimation models for a contemporary sub-adult Western Australian population based on the timing of fusion in the os coxa and proximal femur...
October 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102430/involvement-of-pelvic-girdle-and-proximal-leg-muscles-in-early-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy
#5
B M van der Sluijs, S Lassche, G J Knuiman, B Kusters, A Heerschap, M Hopman, T H Schreuder, B G M van Engelen, N C Voermans
Although limb girdle weakness is not part of the major diagnostic criteria of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), it has frequently been observed in the Dutch and other OPMD cohorts. In the Dutch cohort, this might be related to the relatively old age or the severity of the genetic defect. This patient-control study (14 OPMD patients and 12 controls) investigated the involvement of limb girdle muscles with a multidimensional approach in early OPMD. We assessed functional abilities, disease impact, physical activity, muscle strength, histopathology and fatty infiltration using questionnaires, actometer, functional tests, manual and quantitative muscle testing, muscle biopsy and muscle MRI...
September 28, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097951/effect-of-foot-manipulation-on-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-feasibility-study
#6
Camilla Melkersson, Salmir Nasic, Karin Starzmann, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if the research process to evaluate the effect of foot manipulation on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is feasible. Methods: A randomized, single-blind (patients and evaluators) pilot trial was performed to compare foot manipulation to a comparative group at 6-weekly treatment sessions at 5 physiotherapy outpatient clinics in Skaraborg primary care (Skövde, Sweden). Women at 12 to 31 weeks of pregnancy with well-defined PPGP (n = 97) and joint dysfunction or decreased range of movement in the feet were included...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096928/complications-of-trans-arterial-embolization-during-the-resuscitation-of-pelvic-fractures
#7
Boopalan Ramasamy, Dominic Thewlis, Mary J Moss, Francois Fraysse, Mark Rickman, Lucian Bogdan Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Trans arterial embolization (TAE) can stem uncontrolled bleeding associated with pelvic fractures, but is associated with potential complications. This study investigated and compared the early to midterm complications in two patient cohorts: one who did and one who did not undergo TAE. METHODOLOGY: The results of 14 patients who underwent TAE in the resuscitation phase, and then had their pelvic fractures managed non-operatively, the study group (Group 1), were compared with those of a control group (Group 2) of 14 patients matched for age, sex, injury and management, that did not undergo TAE...
October 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096278/women-s-experiences-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jo Mackenzie, Esther Murray, Joanne Lusher
OBJECTIVE: to systematically review the available studies which relay the experience of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain and how this affects women psychologically and emotionally. METHOD: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of the experiences of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain was conducted for qualitative studies dated between 2005 and 2016. Predefined terms were used to search nine central databases and hand searches of two reference lists of identified studies were carried out...
October 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095557/developmental-genetic-and-genomic-insights-into-the-evolutionary-loss-of-limbs-in-snakes
#9
REVIEW
Francisca Leal, Martin J Cohn
The evolution of snakes involved dramatic modifications to the ancestral lizard body plan. Limb loss and elongation of the trunk are hallmarks of snakes, although convergent evolution of limb-reduced and trunk-elongated forms occurred multiple times in snake-like lizards. Advanced snakes are completely limbless, but intermediate and basal snakes have retained rudiments of hindlimbs and pelvic girdles. Moreover, the snake fossil record indicates that complete legs were re-acquired at least once, suggesting that the potential for limb development was retained in some limb-reduced taxa...
November 2, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091519/a-pilot-rct-investigating-the-effects-of-targeted-compression-on-athletes-with-pelvic-groin-pain
#10
Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman, Jonathan Marsden
CONTEXT: Athletic pelvic/groin pain is a common yet often challenging problem to both diagnose and manage. A new tool has been developed based on the clinical effects of applied force on the pelvis. Early findings indicate that this customised compression orthosis may have a positive effect upon pelvic/groin pain and performance measures. OBJECTIVES: To: Inform the design and test the practicality of procedures for a future definitively powered randomized controlled trial; Provide an estimate of the effect size of this orthosis on selected clinical and performance measures...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077966/the-pelvic-girdle-questionnaire-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-low-back-pain-or-both
#11
Britt Stuge, Hanne Krogstad Jenssen, Margreth Grotle
Background: The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) is a condition-specific measure for women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP). The PGQ includes items relating to activity/participation and bodily symptoms and has reliability, validity, and feasibility for use in research and clinical practice. Objective: The purposes of this study were to examine the responsiveness of the PGQ, to determine the minimal important change (MIC) for the PGQ, and to compare the PGQ with other outcome measures...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049196/three-dimensional-reduction-and-finite-element-analysis-improves-the-treatment-of-pelvic-malunion-reconstructive-surgery-a-case-report
#12
Sascha Kurz, Philipp Pieroh, Maximilian Lenk, Christoph Josten, Jörg Böhme
RATIONALE: Pelvic malunion is a rare complication and is technically challenging to correct owing to the complex three-dimensional (3D) geometry of the pelvic girdle. Hence, precise preoperative planning is required to ensure appropriate correction. Reconstructive surgery is generally a 2- or 3-stage procedure, with transiliac osteotomy serving as an alternative to address limb length discrepancy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old female patient with a Mears type IV pelvic malunion with previous failed reconstructive surgery was admitted to our department due to progressive immobilization, increasing pain especially at the posterior pelvic arch and a leg length discrepancy...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037623/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-low-back-and-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-and-after-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Helge Franke, Jan-David Franke, Sebastian Belz, Gary Fryer
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint during pregnancy. This study examined the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for LBP in pregnant or postpartum women. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials unrestricted by language were reviewed. Outcomes were pain and functional status. Mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD) and overall effect size were calculated. RESULTS: Of 102 studies, 5 examined OMT for LBP in pregnancy and 3 for postpartum LBP...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024881/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-the-effects-of-antenatal-reflexology-on-labour-outcomes
#14
Julie Em Mccullough, Ciara Close, S Dianne Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Ciara M Hughes
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effects of antenatal reflexology on labour outcomes. DESIGN: secondary analysis of a pilot three-armed randomised controlled trial conducted between July 2012 and September 2013. SETTING: a large UK inner city hospital maternity department. PARTICIPANTS: ninety primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy experiencing low back and / or pelvic girdle pain. INTERVENTIONS: six weekly 30-minute reflexology treatments compared to sham (footbath) treatments or usual antenatal care only...
September 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020715/diagnosis-and-management-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#15
REVIEW
Olwyn Jones, Fraser Birrell
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a common inflammatory condition of unknown aetiology with a prevalence of 1 in 133 in the over 50s, and a female to male ratio of 2:1. Symptoms develop over a matter of weeks; typically bilateral shoulder or pelvic girdle pain and stiffness, that is worse in the mornings. Associated symptoms include low-grade fever, malaise, fatigue, low mood, poor appetite, and weight loss. There is no specific diagnostic test for PMR but the usual pattern is a commensurate rise in CRP and ESR...
December 2016: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965684/universal-health-insurance-and-its-association-with-long-term-outcomes-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#16
Meesha Sharma, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Wei Jiang, Muhammad A Chaudhary, Anju Ranjit, Cheryl K Zogg, Peter Learn, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in mortality exist among pediatric trauma patients; however, little is known about disparities in outcomes following discharge. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of children admitted for moderate to severe trauma, covered by TRICARE from 2006 to 2014. Patients were followed up to 90days after discharge. All children <18 years with a primary trauma diagnosis, an Injury Severity Score >9 and 90days of follow-up after discharge were included...
September 23, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964510/the-epidemiology-of-work-related-injury-admissions-to-hospitals-in-the-midland-region-of-new-zealand
#17
Bridget Kool, Shanthi Ameratunga, Nina Scott, Ross Lawrenson, Grant Christey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients with work-related injuries (WRI) admitted to hospitals in New Zealand's Midland Trauma System (MTS) during a four year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of trauma registry records for adults (≥15years) admitted to four hospitals in the MTS as a result of WRI between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. We describe the patterns of injury incidence by demographic characteristics, employment industry, mechanism of injury, body regions injured, injury severity score (ISS), month, day and time of injury, duration of hospital stay, domicile District Health Board (DHB), and discharge destination...
September 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962596/chiropractic-management-of-dominating-one-sided-pelvic-girdle-pain-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Anne Marie Gausel, Inger Kjærmann, Stefan Malmqvist, Knut Andersen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen, Inger Økland
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of chiropractic management for a subgroup of pregnant women with dominating one-sided pelvic girdle pain (PGP). METHODS: The study population was recruited from a prospective longitudinal cohort study of pregnant women. Women reporting pelvic pain (PP), and who were diagnosed with dominating one-sided PGP after a clinical examination, were invited to participate in the intervention study. Recruitment took place either at 18 weeks, or after an SMS-tracking up to week 29...
September 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954795/effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-interventions-for-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-pedro-synthesis
#19
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Arun Prasad Balasundaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940234/canine-conjoined-twinning-a-pathoanatomical-study-of-a-lhasa-apso-symmetrical-cephalothoracopagus
#20
E Moura, B Thon, C T Pimpão
A female pair of conjoined twins of the Lhasa Apso canine breed was subjected to tomographic and anatomical examinations. The twins had only one head and neck. The two ribcages were joined, extending to the umbilicus, with duplicated structures thereafter. They had three thoracic limbs and two pelvic girdles with four limbs, as well as a number of abnormalities in their internal organs. The data obtained were compared with the rare canine cases reported so far and with human cases.
September 20, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
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