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Pelvic girdle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064341/history-of-depression-and-risk-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Helena Kames Kjeldgaard, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Hedvig Nordeng, Åse Vigdis Vikanes
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy condition characterised by debilitating nausea and vomiting. HG has been associated with depression during pregnancy but the direction of the association remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess whether previous depression is associated with HG. This is a population-based pregnancy cohort study using data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The study reviewed 731 pregnancies with HG and 81,055 pregnancies without. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association between a lifetime history of depression and hyperemesis gravidarum...
January 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062382/fourteen-years-follow-up-of-massive-pelvic-girdle-osteolysis-caused-by-lymphatic-malformation-gorham-stout-disease
#2
Richard Ballas, Madeline Caduc, Jordan Ovigue, Philippe Elkienbaum, Frédérique Sauvat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984691/-iliacus-muscle-injury-caused-by-inadequate-exercise
#3
J Magaña-Reyes, L G Domínguez-Gasca, A García-Luna, L G Domínguez-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Traumatic iliacus muscle injury is rare; it is usually caused by trauma or intense exercise involving the pelvic girdle; it can produce a hematoma with femoral nerve neuropathy. Spontaneous muscle hematomas occur in patients with coagulation disorders. CLINICAL CASE: A 45-year-old male with 18 days of evolution, with an intense pain in the right buttock, groin and iliac fossa, with an inability for hip flexion and ambulation caused by inadequate exercise (supine double leg lifts)...
May 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965887/evaluating-acupuncture-and-standard-care-for-pregnant-women-with-back-pain-the-ease-back-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-isrctn49955124
#4
Annette Bishop, Reuben Ogollah, Bernadette Bartlam, Panos Barlas, Melanie A Holden, Khaled M Ismail, Sue Jowett, Martyn Lewis, Alison Lloyd, Christine Kettle, Jesse Kigozi, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy are common and often accepted as a 'normal' part of pregnancy. Many women receive little in the way of treatment, and yet pain interferes with sleep, daily activities and work and leads to increasing requests for induction of labour or elective caesarean section. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a full RCT evaluating the benefit of acupuncture for pregnancy-related back pain. METHODS: This study is a single-centre, three-arm pilot RCT in one large maternity unit and associated antenatal and physiotherapy clinics...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942797/bone-histology-sheds-light-on-the-nature-of-the-dermal-armor-of-the-enigmatic-sauropod-dinosaur-agustinia-ligabuei-bonaparte-1999
#5
Flavio Bellardini, Ignacio A Cerda
Agustinia ligabuei is an Early Cretaceous sauropod dinosaur from the northwest of Patagonia that is currently the topic of debate with respect to its phylogenetic position and atypical dermal armor. The presence of four morphotypes of laminar and transversely elongated putative osteoderms was used to consider Agustinia as an armored sauropod. Regarding the different hypotheses about the identity of the bony structures of Agustinia (e.g., osteoderms, cervical or dorsal ribs, hypertrophied elements), a comparative histological analysis has been carried out...
February 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922502/the-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophies-and-the-dystrophinopathies
#6
Stanley Jones P Iyadurai, John T Kissel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The classic approach to identifying and accurately diagnosing limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) relied heavily on phenotypic characterization and ancillary studies including muscle biopsy. Because of rapid advances in genetic sequencing methodologies, several additional LGMDs have been molecularly characterized, and the diagnostic approach to these disorders has been simplified. This article summarizes the epidemiology, clinical features, and genetic defects underlying the LGMDs...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882767/-traumatic-symphyseal-rupture-by-vaginal-delivery-report-of-a-rare-case
#7
J Hofierková
OBJECTIVE: This case report draw attention symphysis pubic dysfunction and injury pelvic girdle by vaginal delivary (in our case compliated by dystokia shoulders), mainly its diagnostic, prediction and treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Hospital Česká Lípa. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31 years old woman, who gave birth for the second time with rupture of symphysis after delivery...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861222/novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-capn3-gene-detected-in-a-saudi-arabian-family-with-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2a
#8
Talal M Al-Harbi, Sameeh O Abdulmanaʼ, Walid Dridi
More than 300 mutations were identified in Calpainopathy (CAPN3) gene in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) patients. LGMD2A type is also known as Calpainopathy, which is characterized by selective atrophy and weakness of proximal limb muscles. We report a Saudi Arabian family with weakness in limb-girdle distribution: waddling gait, positive Gowers' sign, and marked muscle atrophy in the shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles. We sequenced all exonic and intronic regions of the CAPN3 gene and identified c...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#9
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811760/a-new-subfamily-styracurinae-and-new-genus-styracura-for-himantura%C3%A2-schmardae-werner-1904-and-himantura-pacifica-beebe-tee-van-1941-chondrichthyes-myliobatiformes
#10
Marcelo R De Carvalho, Thiago S Loboda, João Paulo C B Da Silva
A new subfamily (Styracurinae, subfam. nov.) and genus (Styracura, gen. nov.) are erected for Trygon schmardae Werner, 1904 (type species) and Dasyatis pacificus Beebe & Tee-Van, 1941, species placed in Himantura Müller & Henle, 1837 since 1953 but which differ significantly from it and all dasyatid genera in many morphological features. Recent molecular phylogenetic hypotheses based on the entire protein-coding mitochondrial genome have recovered Styracura as the sister group of the Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae), agreeing with previous morphological and molecular phylogenies...
October 14, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773569/loss-and-re-emergence-of-legs-in-snakes-by-modular-evolution-of-sonic-hedgehog-and-hoxd-enhancers
#11
Francisca Leal, Martin J Cohn
Limb reduction and loss are hallmarks of snake evolution. Although advanced snakes are completely limbless, basal and intermediate snakes retain pelvic girdles and small rudiments of the femur. Moreover, legs may have re-emerged in extinct snake lineages [1-5], suggesting that the mechanisms of limb development were not completely lost in snakes. Here we report that hindlimb development arrests in python embryos as a result of mutations that abolish essential transcription factor binding sites in the limb-specific enhancer of Sonic hedgehog (SHH)...
October 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721552/isotretinoin-induced-acute-severe-myopathy-involving-pelvic-girdle-muscles-a-case-report
#12
Farah Sameem, Semira
Oral isotretinoin has been in widespread use for more than three decades. It causes numerous side effects; skin and mucous membrane being commonly involved. Musculoskeletal adverse effects are also known to occur, but pelvic girdle myopathy is rarely reported. We report myopathy involving pelvic girdle muscles in a young male who received oral isotretinoin for folliculitis decalvans.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671536/a-first-line-diagnostic-assay-for-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-and-other-myopathies
#13
Dorota Monies, Hindi N Alhindi, Mohamed A Almuhaizea, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anas M Alazami, Ewa Goljan, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Abdulelah AlIssa, Khalid Alabdulrahman, Shazia Subhani, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Tariq Faquih, Salma M Wakil, Nada A Altassan, Brian F Meyer, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Fifty random genetically unstudied families (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)/myopathy) were screened with a gene panel incorporating 759 OMIM genes associated with neurological disorders. Average coverage of the CDS and 10 bp flanking regions of genes was 99 %. All families were referred to the Neurosciences Clinic of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. Patients presented with muscle weakness affecting the pelvic and shoulder girdle. Muscle biopsy in all cases showed dystrophic or myopathic changes...
September 27, 2016: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635359/osteology-of-the-late-triassic-aetosaur-scutarx-deltatylus-archosauria-pseudosuchia
#14
William G Parker
Aetosaurians are some of the most common fossils collected from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation of Arizona, especially at the Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO). Aetosaurians collected from lower levels of the park include Desmatosuchus spurensis, Paratypothorax, Adamanasuchus eisenhardtae, Calyptosuchus wellesi, and Scutarx deltatylus. Four partial skeletons collected from the park between 2002 and 2009 represent the holotype and referred specimens of Scutarx deltatylus. These specimens include much of the carapace, as well as the vertebral column, and shoulder and pelvic girdles, and a new naming convention proposed for osteoderms descriptions better differentiates portions of the carapace and ventral armor...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635176/computerized-functional-reach-test-to-measure-balance-stability-in-elderly-patients-with-neurological-disorders
#15
Silvio Scena, Roberto Steindler, Moira Ceci, Stefano Maria Zuccaro, Eli Carmeli
BACKGROUND: The ability to maintain static and dynamic balance is a prerequisite for safe walking and for obtaining functional mobility. For this reason, a reliable and valid means of screening for risk of falls is needed. The functional reach test (FRT) is used in many countries, yet it does not provide some kinematic parameters such as shoulder or pelvic girdles translation. The purpose was to analyze video records measuring of distance, velocity, time length, arm direction and girdles translation while doing FRT...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615962/a-new-species-of-the-lizardfish-genus-synodus-aulopiformes-synodontidae-from-the-western-pacific-ocean
#16
Hsuan-Ching Ho, Jen-Ping Chen, Kwang-Tsao Shao
Synodus pacificus sp. nov., a new species of lizardfish, is described based on specimens collected in the western Pacific Ocean. It belongs to a species group with needle-like posterior processes of the pelvic girdle and differs from its congeners by having the following combination of characters: 4 upside-down omega-shaped marks on the lateral body; black patches on the nape and opercular region; cross bars on the ventral surface of the head; bars on the dorsal and caudal fins; orbital large (6.7-8.1% SL); interorbital space narrow (2...
September 8, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562970/analysis-of-dextromethorphan-and-dextrorphan-in-skeletal-remains-following-decomposition-in-different-microclimate-conditions
#17
K A Unger, J H Watterson
The effects of decomposition microclimate on the distribution of dextromethorphan (DXM) and dextrorphan (DXT) in skeletonized remains of rats acutely exposed to DXM were examined. Animals (n = 10) received DXM (75 mg/kg, i.p.), were euthanized 30 min post-dose and immediately allowed to decompose at either Site A (shaded forest microenvironment on a grass-covered soil substrate) or Site B (rocky substrate exposed to direct sunlight, 600 m from Site A). Ambient temperature and relative humidity were automatically recorded 3 cm above rats at each site...
October 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535785/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pelvic-girdle-questionnaire-for-the-french-canadian-population
#18
Marie-Pier Girard, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Britt Stuge, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVE: The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) is the only condition-specific tool assessing activity limitations and symptoms for those with pelvic girdle pain (PGP). It is simple to administer and can be used in research and clinical settings during pregnancy and postpartum periods; however, there currently is no version for the French-Canadian population. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the PGQ for the French-Canadian population. METHODS: The French-Canadian translation and adaptation of the PGQ was completed following a 4-stage approach: (1) forward translation, (2) synthesis, (3) expert committee review, and (4) testing of the prefinal version of the questionnaire...
September 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498797/ontogeny-of-the-appendicular-skeleton-in-melanosuchus-niger-crocodylia-alligatoridae
#19
Lucélia Gonçalves Vieira, André Luiz Quaqliatto Santos, Fabiano Campos Lima, Sônia Helena Santesso Teixeira de Mendonça, Lorena Tannus Menezes, Antônio Sebben
The objective of the present study was to analyze chondrogenesis and the ossification pattern of the limbs of Melanosuchus niger in order to contribute with possible discussions on homology and the fusion pattern of autopodial elements and phylogeny. In the Reserva Extrativista do Lago Cuniã, Rondônia, Brazil, six nests were marked and two eggs removed from each nest at 24-hour intervals until hatching. Embryos were cleared using KOH; bone tissue was stained with alizarin red S and cartilage with Alcian blue...
August 2016: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425005/successful-treatment-of-pelvic-girdle-pain-with-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation
#20
David C L Rowland, Daniel Wright, Liz Moir, James J FitzGerald, Alexander L Green
The authors report the first case of successful implantation of a dorsal root ganglion stimulator at L1 and L2 for sustained improvement in chronic pelvic girdle pain.
July 17, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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