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Pelvic girdle

Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Zhihan Zhao, Huan Lan, Xin Li, Gökhan Yücel, Siegfried Lang, Katherine Sattler, Jan-Dierk Schünemann, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann, Lukas Cyganek, Jochen Utikal, Thomas Wieland, Karen Bieback, Ralf Bauer, Antonius Ratte, Regina Pribe-Wolferts, Kleopatra Rapti, Daniel Nowak, Janina Wittig, Dierk Thomas, Patrick Most, Hugo A Katus, Ursula Ravens, Constanze Schmidt, Martin Borggrefe, Xiao-Bo Zhou, Oliver J Müller, Ibrahim Akin
BACKGROUND: Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heritable group of genetically determined disorders with a primary involvement of the pelvic or shoulder girdle musculature with partially cardiac manifestation, such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and life-threatening tachyarrhythmia. We report here that human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes from a patient with LGMD2I and DCM associated with recurrent ventricular tachycardia displayed ion channel dysfunction and abnormality of calcium homeostasis...
March 2018: Circ Genom Precis Med
U Plöckinger, V Prasad, A Ziagaki, N Tiling, A Poellinger
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease (PD) is an autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease due to a mutation of the acid α-glucosidase (GAA) gene. In adult patients, PD is characterized by slowly progressive limb-girdle and trunk myopathy and restrictive respiratory insufficiency. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is available, improving or stabilizing muscle-function in some and slowing deterioration in other patients. Unfortunately, there is no biomarker available to indicate therapeutic efficacy and/or disease activity...
March 9, 2018: Human Genomics
María Laura Ponssa, Jéssica Fratani, Virginia Abdala
Anurans are characterized by their saltatory mode of locomotion, which is associated with a specific morphology. The coordinated action of the muscles and bones of the pelvic girdle is key to the transmission of the force of the hindlimbs to the axial skeleton during jumping. Two features are critical for optimal locomotory performance: the cross-sectional area of muscle and the bone crest attachment sites. The first character is a proxy of the force exerted by the muscle, whereas the crests are muscle attachments sites related to muscle force...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
Aleksander Błażkiewicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Arkadiusz Białostocki, Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Characteristic types of actions and training/matches loads of football goalkeepers show that goalkeeper's performance differs from other football's formations. Such situation may predispose to the occurrence of other kinds of injuries in this position. The aim of this study was to analyse epidemiology of injuries in young football goalkeepers. METHODS: 48 football goalkeepers (aged:15.2±1.9 years) were filled the questionnaire aimed at collecting information about all injuries sustained within 12 months before the data collection...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Candice M Stefanic, Sterling J Nesbitt
Dinosaurs and their close relatives grew to sizes larger than any other terrestrial animal in the history of life on Earth, and many enormous dinosaurs (e.g., Diplodocus , Spinosaurus , Tyrannosaurus ) have accessory intervertebral articulations that have been suggested to support these large body sizes. Some pseudosuchian archosaurs have been reported to have these articulations as well, but few have been characterized in these taxa because of a lower abundance of complete, three-dimensional pseudosuchian vertebral material in relation to dinosaurs...
2018: PeerJ
Marie-Pier Girard, Julie O'Shaughnessy, Chantal Doucet, Emeline Lardon, Britt Stuge, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVE: Pain in the pelvic girdle area is commonly reported during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and its impact on quality of life is considerable. The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ), developed in 2011 in Norway, is the only condition-specific tool assessing pelvic girdle pain-related symptoms and disability. The questionnaire was recently translated and adapted for the French-Canadian population. The objective of this study was to assess the measurement properties of the previously translated French-Canadian PGQ...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ali Aydeniz, Mazlum Serdar Akaltun, Ali Gür, Savaş Gürsoy
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the spine and peripheral joints. Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disease characterized by aching and prolonged morning stiffness mainly in the shoulder and pelvic girdles. Many other diseases may mimic polymyalgia rheumatica, and thus differential diagnosis is predominantly required. A wide variety of diseases, including spondyloarthropathies, may present polymyalgia-like symptoms, and two diseases rarely coexist. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who had been followed-up for ankylosing spondylitis and presented with pain in the shoulder and pelvic girdles, restricted movement, and morning stiffness for 2 months...
January 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Lamya Ann Atweh, Abdo Jurjus, Nassif Farah, Lara Nassar
Iliac bone malformations are rare and result from early disturbance of the genetic and epigenetic processes that come together to form the pelvic girdle. We report the case of a 5-month-old boy found to have a duplication of the ilium and describe the likely causes of this very rare malformation.
February 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Ciara M Hughes, S D Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Julie E M McCullough
Low back and pelvic girdle pain (LBPGP) is a common complaint among pregnant women, which increases throughout pregnancy and women use various complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to manage their pain. Using an online survey, CAM treatments used by pregnant women in the UK and their perceptions of these therapies to relieve LBPGP were investigated. 191 women completed the survey and 70% experienced LBPGP lasting more than one week. Over half of women who sought treatment from a GP or physiotherapist were dissatisfied...
February 2, 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Eva Haukeland Fredriksen, Karen Marie Moland, Janet Harris
Web-sites for pregnancy health are an important source of information for pregnant women, but how different cadres of health professionals value and utilize pregnant women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations is not well understood. Using a qualitative research design and pelvic girdle pain as a tracer condition, we explored how Norwegian doctors, midwives and physiotherapists manage women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations. The recognition of pregnant women's eHealth literacy and Web- based knowledge differed across professional groups and produced dismissive, reactive and proactive attitudes depending on time pressure, professional identity and internet experience...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Leandro Yokota, Marcelo Rodrigues DE Carvalho
An extensive taxonomic revision of Gymnura micrura based on external and internal morphology, and considering specimens from its entire geographical distribution in the Atlantic Ocean, is presented. Gymnura micrura is redescribed and a neotype is designated; its distributional range is limited to the Southwestern Atlantic. Two new species of butterfly rays are described: Gymnura lessae, sp. nov., occurring in the North and Central Western Atlantic, and Gymnura sereti, sp. nov., found in the Eastern Central Atlantic...
October 12, 2017: Zootaxa
Natalia Siomava, Rui Diogo
In the last decades, Danio rerio became one of the most used model organisms in various evo-devo studies devoted to the fin skeletal anatomy and fin-limb transition. Surprisingly, there is not even a single paper about the detailed anatomy of the adult muscles of the five fin types of this species. To facilitate more integrative developmental, functional, genetic, and evolutionary studies of the appendicular musculoskeletal system of the zebrafish and to provide a basis for further comparisons with other fishes and tetrapods, we describe here the identity, overall configuration, and attachments of appendicular muscles in a way that can be easily understood and implemented by non-anatomist researchers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
S Almousa, E Lamprianidou, G Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which affects women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. In previous years, physiotherapists have focused on managing pelvic girdle pain through stabilizing exercises. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the effectiveness of the stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following electronic databases were utilized to search for eligible studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Library...
November 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Siobhan Sullivan, Ambika Flavel, Daniel Franklin
The accurate and precise estimation of skeletal age by a forensic anthropologist is both a professional and judicial requirement. When unknown skeletal remains are referred to the anthropologist, the estimation of the requisite biological attributes (e.g., age and sex) should accordingly be based on the application of population-specific standards (statistical data). Deviations from the latter practice may result in reduced accuracy and compromised identification. Towards informing appropriate forensic practice, the aim of the present study is to develop statistically quantified age estimation models for a contemporary sub-adult Western Australian population based on the timing of fusion in the os coxa and proximal femur...
December 2017: Forensic Science International
B M van der Sluijs, S Lassche, G J Knuiman, B Kusters, A Heerschap, M Hopman, T H Schreuder, B G M van Engelen, N C Voermans
Although limb girdle weakness is not part of the major diagnostic criteria of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), it has frequently been observed in the Dutch and other OPMD cohorts. In the Dutch cohort, this might be related to the relatively old age or the severity of the genetic defect. This patient-control study (14 OPMD patients and 12 controls) investigated the involvement of limb girdle muscles with a multidimensional approach in early OPMD. We assessed functional abilities, disease impact, physical activity, muscle strength, histopathology and fatty infiltration using questionnaires, actometer, functional tests, manual and quantitative muscle testing, muscle biopsy and muscle MRI...
September 28, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Camilla Melkersson, Salmir Nasic, Karin Starzmann, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if the research process to evaluate the effect of foot manipulation on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is feasible. Methods: A randomized, single-blind (patients and evaluators) pilot trial was performed to compare foot manipulation to a comparative group at 6-weekly treatment sessions at 5 physiotherapy outpatient clinics in Skaraborg primary care (Skövde, Sweden). Women at 12 to 31 weeks of pregnancy with well-defined PPGP (n = 97) and joint dysfunction or decreased range of movement in the feet were included...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Boopalan Ramasamy, Dominic Thewlis, Mary J Moss, Francois Fraysse, Mark Rickman, Lucian Bogdan Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Trans arterial embolization (TAE) can stem uncontrolled bleeding associated with pelvic fractures, but is associated with potential complications. This study investigated and compared the early to midterm complications in two patient cohorts: one who did and one who did not undergo TAE. METHODOLOGY: The results of 14 patients who underwent TAE in the resuscitation phase, and then had their pelvic fractures managed non-operatively, the study group (Group 1), were compared with those of a control group (Group 2) of 14 patients matched for age, sex, injury and management, that did not undergo TAE...
December 2017: Injury
Jo Mackenzie, Esther Murray, Joanne Lusher
OBJECTIVE: to systematically review the available studies which relay the experience of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain and how this affects women psychologically and emotionally. METHOD: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of the experiences of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain was conducted for qualitative studies dated between 2005 and 2016. Predefined terms were used to search nine central databases and hand searches of two reference lists of identified studies were carried out...
January 2018: Midwifery
Francisca Leal, Martin J Cohn
The evolution of snakes involved dramatic modifications to the ancestral lizard body plan. Limb loss and elongation of the trunk are hallmarks of snakes, although convergent evolution of limb-reduced and trunk-elongated forms occurred multiple times in snake-like lizards. Advanced snakes are completely limbless, but intermediate and basal snakes have retained rudiments of hindlimbs and pelvic girdles. Moreover, the snake fossil record indicates that complete legs were re-acquired at least once, suggesting that the potential for limb development was retained in some limb-reduced taxa...
November 2, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
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