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Pelvic girdle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778086/pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-and-women-s-health-promotion
#1
REVIEW
Samantha Lawson, Ashley Sacks
Pelvic floor dysfunction is defined as abnormal function of the pelvic floor and includes conditions that can have significant adverse impacts on a woman's quality of life, including urinary incontinence (stress, urge, and mixed), fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction, diastasis recti abdominis, pelvic girdle pain, and chronic pain syndromes. Women's health care providers can screen for, identify, and treat pelvic floor dysfunction. This article examines the case of a woman with multiple pelvic-floor-related problems and presents the evidence for the use of pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) for pregnancy-related pelvic floor dysfunction...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759126/primary-care-vasculitis-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-giant-cell-arteritis
#2
REVIEW
Mathilde H Pioro
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related inflammatory diseases of adults aged 50 years or older. The diagnosis of PMR is based on morning stiffness, proximal shoulder and pelvic girdle pain, and functional impairment. GCA is characterized by headache, jaw claudication, and visual disturbances. Constitutional symptoms and elevated inflammatory markers are common to both conditions. Temporal artery biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis of GCA. Glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of therapy, with tapering regimens individualized to the patient...
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739355/nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-association-with-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-pregnancy-and-4-6-months-post-partum
#3
Arthur Chortatos, Per Ole Iversen, Margaretha Haugen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Marit B Veierød
BACKGROUND: To better understand previous associations reported regarding nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), an investigation into timing of symptom onset for NVP and PGP in pregnancy, as well as the association of NVP with PGP 4-6 months post-partum was performed. We hypothesised that women with NVP symptoms would be most susceptible to experiencing persistence of PGP post-partum. METHODS: Fifty two thousand six hundred seventy-eight pregnancies from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were analysed regarding nausea, vomiting, pelvic girdle pain, and health outcome data collected from questionnaires answered between gestation weeks 15, 20, 30, and 6 months post-partum...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735134/inter-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-pelvic-obliquity-measurement-methods-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
M Wade Shrader, Emily M Andrisevic, Mohan V Belthur, Gregory R White, Carla Boan, William Wood
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, chart review. OBJECTIVES: The identification and management of pelvic obliquity in neuromuscular scoliosis can be difficult; therefore, appropriate evaluation of this pathology is important. Variations in presentation have resulted in various methods of measurement, without a consensus or gold standard measurement. This study is the evaluation of reliability of five methods commonly used to determine pelvic obliquity in the frontal plane...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723768/physical-activity-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#5
Nilam Shakeel, Kåre Rønn Richardsen, Egil W Martinsen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Kari Slinning, Anne Karen Jenum
INTRODUCTION: There is strong evidence that postpartum depression is associated with adverse health effects in the mother and infant. Few studies have explored associations between physical activity in pregnancy and postpartum depression. We aimed to investigate whether physical activity during pregnancy was inversely associated with postpartum depressive symptoms, PPDS in a multiethnic sample. METHOD: Population-based, prospective cohort of 643 pregnant women (58% ethnic minorities) attending primary antenatal care from early pregnancy to postpartum in Oslo between 2008 and 2010...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707680/osteological-development-of-the-larvae-and-juvenile-of-bullhead-torrent-catfish-liobagrus-obesus
#6
Won-Il Seo, Jae-Min Park, Sung-Hun Lee, Seong Min Yoon, Seon-Yeong Hwang, Kyeong-Ho Han
This study was conducted to investigate the skeletal development of bullhead torrent catfish, Liobagrus obesus larvae and to utilize them as basic data for the taxonomic study of Liobagrus larvae. Skeletal development was observed by being divided into cranium, visceral skeleton, shoulder girdle bone, pelvic girdle bone and vertebra. On the first day after hatching, the pre-larvae had an average total length of 7.92 mm, and a line-shaped parasphenoid ossified in the cranium. In the jaw bone, the dentary supporting the lower jaw and the maxillary supporting the upper jaw were ossified...
March 2018: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705485/reflexology-a-randomised-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effects-on-beta-endorphin-cortisol-and-pregnancy-related-stress
#7
Julie E M McCullough, Sarah Dianne Liddle, Ciara Close, Marlene Sinclair, Ciara M Hughes
Reflexology is used for various pregnancy related complaints. A three-armed, pilot randomised controlled trial was conducted to test changes in physiological and biochemical stress parameters. Ninety primiparous volunteers experiencing low back and/or pelvic girdle pain (LBPGP) were recruited to receive either six reflexology or footbath treatments or usual care. Primary outcome data included pain intensity and frequency measured on a visual analog scale (VAS), and salivary beta-endorphin and cortisol levels...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703648/analysis-of-test-retest-reliability-construct-validity-and-internal-consistency-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-pelvic-girdle-questionnaire
#8
Luan Simões, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Lívia Magalhães, Britt Stuge, Glória Laurentino, Elaine Wanderley, Raphaela Barros, Andrea Lemos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate test-retest reliability, construct validity, and internal consistency of the Brazilian version of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ-Brazil). METHODS: Analysis of the measurement properties was carried out in 4 steps. Step 1 was the pilot study, on which basis 4 hypotheses were formulated. These hypotheses were tested during the next step (construct validity, step 2) by completion of the questionnaire by the 2 groups (in pain [n = 105] and not in pain [n = 52])...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677702/is-the-pelvis-sexually-dimorphic-in-turtles
#9
Gerardo A Cordero
Variation in the pelvis is intrinsically linked to life history evolution. This is perhaps best exemplified by sexually dimorphic pelvic variation in bipedal primates. Yet, whether this trend is applicable to other taxa is unclear. Using turtle anatomy as a model, I tested the hypothesis that the pelvis is also sexually dimorphic in egg-laying tetrapods. I sampled a natural turtle population with female-biased sexual size dimorphism (i.e. larger females). I show that the area of the egg canal (pelvic aperture) is greater in females...
April 20, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665044/comparative-anatomy-and-development-of-pectoral-and-pelvic-girdles-in-hylid-anurans
#10
Mónica C Soliz, María Laura Ponssa, Virginia Abdala
The development of the tetrapod pectoral and pelvic girdles is intimately linked to the proximal segments of the fore- and hindlimbs. Most studies on girdles are osteological and provide little information about soft elements such as muscles and tendons. Moreover, there are few comparative developmental studies. Comparative data gleaned from cleared-and-stained whole mounts and serial histological sections of 10 species of hylid frogs are presented here. Adult skeletal morphology, along with bones, muscles, and connective tissue of both girdles and their association with the proximal portions of the anuran fore- and hindlimbs are described...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658533/accelerometer-profile-of-motion-of-the-pelvic-girdle-in-butterfly-swimming
#11
Zbigniew Staniak, Krzysztof Buśko, Michał Górski, Anna Pastuszak
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to develop a method to measure and analyse kinematics of movement of the pelvic girdle in butterfly swimming in order to support training of technical skills. METHODS: A device for recording triaxial accelerations and triaxial rotational angular velocities was mounted on the dorsal part of the pelvic girdle of athlete. The measurements were performed in ten elite butterfly swimmers (age: 23.1 ± 3.7 years, body height: 187.6 ± 4...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614958/the-skeletal-ontogeny-of-astatotilapia-burtoni-a-direct-developing-model-system-for-the-evolution-and-development-of-the-teleost-body-plan
#12
Joost M Woltering, Michaela Holzem, Ralf F Schneider, Vasilios Nanos, Axel Meyer
BACKGROUND: The experimental approach to the evolution and development of the vertebrate skeleton has to a large extent relied on "direct-developing" amniote model organisms, such as the mouse and the chicken. These organisms can however only be partially informative where it concerns secondarily lost features or anatomical novelties not present in their lineages. The widely used anamniotes Xenopus and zebrafish are "indirect-developing" organisms that proceed through an extended time as free-living larvae, before adopting many aspects of their adult morphology, complicating experiments at these stages, and increasing the risk for lethal pleiotropic effects using genetic strategies...
April 3, 2018: BMC Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607264/postcranial-skeletal-anatomy-of-the-holotype-and-referred-specimens-of-buitreraptor-gonzalezorum-makovicky-apestegu%C3%A3-a-and-agnol%C3%A3-n-2005-theropoda-dromaeosauridae-from-the-late-cretaceous-of-patagonia
#13
Federico A Gianechini, Peter J Makovicky, Sebastián Apesteguía, Ignacio Cerda
Here we provide a detailed description of the postcranial skeleton of the holotype and referred specimens of Buitreraptor gonzalezorum . This taxon was recovered as an unenlagiine dromaeosaurid in several recent phylogenetic studies and is the best represented Gondwanan dromaeosaurid discovered to date. It was preliminarily described in a brief article, but a detailed account of its osteology is emerging in recent works. The holotype is the most complete specimen yet found, so an exhaustive description of it provides much valuable anatomical information...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600335/radiation-exposure-for-intraoperative-3d-scans-in-a-hybrid-operating-room-how-to-reduce-radiation-exposure-for-the-surgical-team
#14
K Schuetze, M Kraus, A Eickhoff, F Gebhard, P H Richter
BACKGROUND: Hybrid operating rooms are used in different fields of surgery. In orthopedic surgery, the possibility of a 3D scan of difficult anatomical regions (spine, pelvis) showed promising results not only in navigated screw placement. The associated exposure to radiation raises questions regarding potential risks for the operating room personal and the patient. The present study focuses on scatter radiation during 3D scans in a hybrid operating room, the adjacent rooms, and methods to reduce radiation exposure...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589403/imaging-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#15
N Possemato, C Salvarani, N Pipitone
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic, inflammatory disorder of unknown cause clinically characterized by pain and prolonged morning stiffness affecting the shoulders and often the pelvic girdle and neck. Imaging has substantially contributed to defining PMR as a disease mainly involving extra-articular structures. This review article analyses the role of the different imaging techniques in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with PMR with particular emphasis on the role of ultrasound, PET/CT and MRI...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589402/the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-and-the-out-of-hospital-public-rheumatologist-in-the-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#16
A Sobrero, C Manzo, A Stimamiglio
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by shoulder and pelvic girdle pain. Its onset peaks around the age of 75; the prevalence increases until the age of 90 and it is more frequent in females. Diagnosis is mostly performed on the basis of symptoms. An increase of serum inflammatory markers is indicative, but not essential, while therapy is mainly based on glucocorticoids. Since there is no universal agreement about diagnostic criteria for PMR, its detection is still difficult...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589399/contribution-of-the-new-2012-eular-acr-classification-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#17
F Muratore, C Salvarani, P Macchioni
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the most common rheumatic inflammatory disorders in people aged over 50. It is characterized by aching and prolonged morning stiffness in the shoulder and pelvic girdles and neck. To date there are no specific diagnostic tests, and in clinical practice the diagnosis of PMR remains based on its characteristic clinical manifestations, laboratory evidence of systemic inflammation, rapid response to low doses of glucocorticoids and exclusion of other disorders that may present with proximal pain and stiffness...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572454/first-adequately-known-quadrupedal-sirenian-from-eurasia-eocene-bay-of-biscay-huesca-northeastern-spain
#18
Ester Díaz-Berenguer, Ainara Badiola, Miguel Moreno-Azanza, José Ignacio Canudo
Sirenians are the only extant herbivorous mammals fully adapted to an aquatic lifestyle. They originated in Africa during the Paleocene from an undetermined clade of afrotherian mammals, and by the end of the Eocene they were widely distributed across the tropical latitudes. Here we introduce Sobrarbesiren cardieli gen. et sp. nov. It is the first adequately-known quadrupedal sirenian from Eurasia and the oldest record of this clade from western Europe. Fossils have been recovered from the middle Lutetian (SBZ15) site of Castejón de Sobrarbe-41 (Huesca, Spain), and comprise many cranial and postcranial remains, including pelvic girdle and hind limb bones, from at least six sirenian individuals of different ontogenetic stages...
March 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545480/ion-channel-dysfunctions-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#19
Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Zhihan Zhao, Huan Lan, Xin Li, Gökhan Yücel, Siegfried Lang, Katherine Sattler, Jan-Dierk Schünemann, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann, Lukas Cyganek, Jochen Utikal, Thomas Wieland, Karen Bieback, Ralf Bauer, Antonius Ratte, Regina Pribe-Wolferts, Kleopatra Rapti, Daniel Nowak, Janina Wittig, Dierk Thomas, Patrick Most, Hugo A Katus, Ursula Ravens, Constanze Schmidt, Martin Borggrefe, Xiao-Bo Zhou, Oliver J Müller, Ibrahim Akin
BACKGROUND: Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heritable group of genetically determined disorders with a primary involvement of the pelvic or shoulder girdle musculature with partially cardiac manifestation, such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and life-threatening tachyarrhythmia. We report here that human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes from a patient with LGMD2I and DCM associated with recurrent ventricular tachycardia displayed ion channel dysfunction and abnormality of calcium homeostasis...
March 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523196/2-deoxy-2-18-fluoro-d-glucose-pet-ct-18fdg-pet-ct-may-not-be-a-viable-biomarker-in-pompe-disease
#20
U Plöckinger, V Prasad, A Ziagaki, N Tiling, A Poellinger
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease (PD) is an autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease due to a mutation of the acid α-glucosidase (GAA) gene. In adult patients, PD is characterized by slowly progressive limb-girdle and trunk myopathy and restrictive respiratory insufficiency. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is available, improving or stabilizing muscle-function in some and slowing deterioration in other patients. Unfortunately, there is no biomarker available to indicate therapeutic efficacy and/or disease activity...
March 9, 2018: Human Genomics
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