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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#1
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881829/biomechanical-comparison-of-fixation-devices-for-first-metatarsocuneiform-joint-arthrodesis
#2
Ashleen R Knutsen, John F Fleming, Edward Ebramzadeh, Nathan C Ho, Tibor Warganich, Thomas G Harris, Sophia N Sangiorgio
: Common surgical treatment of first tarsal-metatarsal arthritis is by first metatarsocuneiform joint arthrodesis. While crossed-screw and locking plate fixation are the most widely used methods, a novel construct was designed to alleviate soft tissue irritation while still providing stable fixation. Using anatomic first metatarsal and medial cuneiform composites, we compared 3 arthrodesis implants (crossed-screw, dorsal locking plate, and IO Fix) under 2 cyclic bending loading scenarios (cantilever and 4-point bending)...
November 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826484/vermilion-only-cross-lip-flap-for-treating-whistle-deformity-in-secondary-bilateral-cleft-lip-repair
#3
Clifford C Sheckter, Robert M Menard
Bilateral cleft lip repairs can result in various secondary deformities. One more commonly seen deformity, the whistle deformity, is characterized by a reduced or absent tubercle, orbicularis muscle diastasis, and abnormalities of the philtrum with notched appearance of cupid's bow. Various techniques have been described to address these problems. One common procedure is the lip-switch flap originally described by Abbe in 1898, which has been modified by various surgeons. In these procedures, lower lip vermilion, mucosa, orbicularis, and lip skin are transposed to the upper lip on a pedicle that is later divided...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788927/a-systematic-review-on-dynamic-versus-static-distal-tibiofibular-fixation
#4
REVIEW
S Y Inge, A F Pull Ter Gunne, C A M Aarts, M Bemelman
BLACKGROUND: In the last couple of years dynamic fixation for syndesmosis injuries, using a suture-button technique, raised more interest due to its advantages over the static fixation. In the current systematic review suture-button fixation is compared to the traditionally applied static fixation in unstable ankle fractures accompanied with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury, including the functional outcome, post-operative complications, reoperation rate, recurrent diastasis and financial aspects...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781212/acute-ultrasonography-investigation-to-predict-reruptures-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#5
Olof Westin, Katarina Nilsson Helander, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Michael Möller, Peter Kälebo, Jón Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures is still an ongoing debate. Acute ultrasonography (US) investigation to measure the diastasis between the tendon ends has previously been used to classify acute Achilles tendon ruptures; however, no study has used US to predict reruptures and functional outcomes. PURPOSE: To investigate whether acute US can be used to predict the risk of reruptures and outcomes after treatment of an acute Achilles tendon rupture...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777822/the-role-of-dynamic-4d-ct-in-the-detection-of-scapholunate-ligament-injury
#6
Sanjeev Kakar, Ryan E Breighner, Shuai Leng, Cynthia H McCollough, Steven L Moran, Richard A Berger, Kristin D Zhao
Background Scapholunate (SL) interosseus ligament injuries detected at an early stage could allow the surgeon to prevent progression through the spectrum of injury that leads to instability, and eventually osteoarthritis. We contend that early instability following injury can be detected by visualizing the relative motions and distances between the involved carpal bones (scaphoid and lunate) during wrist movement in vivo. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the utility of dynamic CT (i.e., 4DCT) in diagnosing SL interosseus ligament injuries in two patients with clinical suspicion of SL interosseus ligament injury during flexion-extension (FE), radial-ulnar (RU) deviation, and dart thrower's (DT) motions...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766419/endoscopic-mini-less-open-sublay-technique-emilos-a-new-technique-for-ventral-hernia-repair
#7
J Schwarz, W Reinpold, Reinhard Bittner
INTRODUCTION: The "MILOS concept" (mini/less open sublay repair) was developed to realize the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and avoid the disadvantages of traditional open techniques in repair of primary and secondary abdominal wall hernias. Utilizing the MILOS concept, the mesh can be placed in the retromuscular position without opening of the abdominal cavity or without the necessity to perform a large skin incision. The dissection of the retromuscular plane may be done by an open technique (MILOS) or endoscopically (EMILOS)...
October 20, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718438/urological-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fractures-a-case-report-of-a-detached-bone-segment-inside-the-bladder
#8
Saud M Alfayez, Khalid Allimmia, Ahmad Alshammri, Firas Serro, Rakan Almogbel, Abdullah Bin Dous, Raed Almannie, Jesús Palencia
INTRODUCTION: Urological injuries in pelvic fractures are noticed in 6-15% of the cases. The bladder, due to its anatomical position, is prone to rupture in pelvic fractures. The majority of urinary bladder injuries are either extraperitoneal or intraperitoneal. Nonetheless, both types can occur simultaneously in 6% of the cases. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 45-year-old male was brought to our emergency department after being struck by an automobile. In the absence of signs of urethral injury, a Foley's catheter was inserted revealing gross hematuria...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705734/wire-in-the-hole-a-case-series-of-eroded-intrapubic-wire-sutures-causing-genitourinary-complications-in-the-bladder-exstrophy-complex
#9
Joan S Ko, Angela D Gupta, Heather N Di Carlo, Kathy Lue, John P Gearhart
Bladder exstrophy and cloacal exstrophy are rare congenital defects of the genitourinary tract that require complex surgical reconstruction. Malrotation of the bony pelvis causes a characteristic diastasis of the pubic symphysis, which is surgically reduced at the time of initial bladder closure. For a successful primary closure without tension such that the bladder can be placed deep within the pelvis, pelvic osteotomy is often used. However, alternative techniques have been utilized to bring the pubic rami into apposition...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676880/assessment-of-a-shoulder-orthosis-prototype-setting-the-upper-limb-in-a-functional-posture-a-single-case-report
#10
Mounir Beldjerd, Marie Belle, Claire Baradat, Magali Pradié, Claire Villepinte, Sylvie Hidalgo, Emilie Catella, Baptiste Gentilhomme, Thierry Cornier, David Gasq, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Philippe Marque, Xavier de Boissezon
OBJECTIVE: The shoulder is painful in 70% of post-stroke patients. Sling and shoulder orthosis are important for medical care. However, series slings have not proved efficiency to improve upper limb function. We realize (with OCTO31 company) a custom-made shoulder orthosis prototype (EO31) to set the upper limb in a posture with an elbow flexion, a forearm supination and, by the way, a finger extension. The objective is to facilitate the upper limb function and to decrease shoulder pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647765/ep31-02-is-there-an-association-between-diastasis-rectus-abdominis-dra-and-levator-trauma-in-primiparous-women-after-traumatic-labour
#11
V H Eisenberg, L Sela, Y Masharawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628500/a-biomechanical-comparison-study-of-a-modern-fibular-nail-and-distal-fibular-locking-plate-in-ao-ota-44c2-ankle-fractures
#12
Paul J Switaj, Daniel Fuchs, Mohammed Alshouli, Avinash G Patwardhan, Leonard I Voronov, Muturi Muriuki, Robert M Havey, Anish R Kadakia
BACKGROUND: A lateral approach with open reduction and internal fixation with a plate is a very effective technique for the majority of distal fibular fractures. However, this open approach for ankle fixation may be complicated by wound dehiscence and infection, especially in high-risk patients. An alternative to plating is an intramedullary implant, which allows maintenance of length, alignment, and rotation and which allows for decreased soft tissue dissection. While there has been clinical data suggesting favorable short-term outcomes with these implants, there is no current biomechanical literature investigating this technology in this particular fracture pattern...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628459/computed-tomography-based-three-dimensional-visualisation-of-bone-corridors-and-trajectories-for-screws-in-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-symphysis-diastasis-a-retrospective-radiological-study
#13
Christian Michelitsch, Thi Dan Linh Nguyen-Kim, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen, Clément M L Werner
INTRODUCTION: Typical stabilisation of pelvic open book injuries consists of plate fixation of the symphysis. No previous literature has been published about the evaluation of screw placement and their trajectory with four oblique 4.5 mm screws using a four-hole plate in symphysis diastasis. The aim of this study was to define insertion points and angles of trajectory for crossed screw placement regardless of any plate design based on an analysis of three-dimensional computed tomography data sets...
September 14, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613816/arthroscopic-evaluation-of-syndesmotic-instability-and-malreduction
#14
Douglas E Lucas, B Collier Watson, G Alex Simpson, Gregory C Berlet, Christopher F Hyer
: Ankle fractures are a common injury treated by orthopaedic surgeons. The distal tibiofibular syndesmosis can be injured during these fractures as well as in isolation. They pose a significant challenge with regard to the diagnosis of instability as well as evaluating reduction after fixation. Multiple studies have demonstrated that traditional radiographic analysis fails to accurately identify syndesmotic diastasis, instability, or malreduction. Ankle arthroscopy has been proposed as an alternative way to evaluate the syndesmosis...
September 9, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592847/tibiofemoral-syndesmosis-injury-treated-by-temporary-screw-fixation-and-ligament-repair
#15
S Steinmetz, B Puliero, D Brinkert, N Meyer, P Adam, F Bonnomet, M Ehlinger
INTRODUCTION: Tibiofemoral syndesmosis injuries are common but have not been extensively researched. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes after temporary screw fixation with ligament repair of these injuries. The secondary objective was to look for factors that could impact these outcomes. We hypothesised that this double fixation (screw+suture) would lead to good outcomes with minimal secondary opening of the syndesmosis upon screw removal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 285 patients with a tibiofemoral syndesmosis injury (01/2004-12/2011) who were treated by temporary tricortical or quadricortical screw fixation and ligament repair...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587802/a-movement-system-impairment-guided-approach-to-the-physical-therapy-management-of-a-patient-with-postpartum-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence-a-case-report
#16
Jenny Kurz, Diane Borello-France
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postpartum women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are often managed by physical therapists specializing in women's health. Movement system impairments often co-exist in this patient population. The purpose of this case study was to describe the physical therapy management of a post-partum female with POP complicated by additional pelvic symptoms. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old post-partum female presented with POP, diastasis recti, UI, and constipation...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583105/stoppa-approach-for-anterior-plate-fixation-in-unstable-pelvic-ring-injury
#17
Hyoung-Keun Oh, Suk Kyu Choo, Jung-Jae Kim, Mark Lee
BACKGROUND: The Stoppa (intrapelvic) approach has been introduced for the treatment of pelvic-acetabular fractures; it allows easy exposure of the pelvic brim, where the bone quality is optimal for screw fixation. The purpose of our study was to investigate the surgical outcomes of unstable pelvic ring injuries treated using the Stoppa approach for stable anterior ring fixation. METHODS: We analyzed 22 cases of unstable pelvic ring injury treated with plate fixation of the anterior ring with the Stoppa approach...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579227/predictive-factors-in-the-outcome-of-surgical-repair-of-abdominal-rectus-diastasis
#18
Karin Strigård, Leonard Clay, Birgit Stark, Ulf Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to define the indicators predicting improved abdominal wall function after surgical repair of abdominal rectus diastasis (ARD). Preoperative subjective assessment quantified by the validated Ventral Hernia Pain Questionnaire (VHPQ) was related to relative postoperative functional improvement in abdominal muscle strength. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients undergoing surgery for ARD completed the VHPQ before surgery. Preoperative pain assessment results were compared with the relative improvement in muscle strength measured with the BioDex system 4...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577956/abdominal-plasty-with-and-without-plication-effects-on-trunk-muscles-lung-function-and-self-rated-physical-function
#19
Sofia Wilhelmsson, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Trude Staalesen, Anna Elander, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Weight loss after obesity and pregnancy is associated with excess abdominal skin and weakness of the abdominal wall, which is assumed to cause low back pain and reduce lung function. Today, abdominoplasty is the only known method to treat excess skin, and plication is used to improve aesthetics and function alone or in addition to surgery. There is lack of evidence concerning the surgery's effect on trunk muscles, lung function, and physical function. The aim was to evaluate the effect on trunk muscle endurance, lung function and self-rated physical function after abdominoplasty with and without muscle plication...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536644/underestimated-sacroiliac-joint-lesion-on-computed-tomography-in-pelvic-open-book-injury-a-case-report
#20
Weon-Yoo Kim, Jae-Jung Jeong, Han-Vit Kang, Se-Won Lee
The classification of anteroposterior compression (APC) injury type is based on using static radiographs, stress radiographs are known as a useful adjunct in classifying type of APC pelvic injuries. According to a recent article, the intraoperative stress examination has led to a change in the treatment plan in more than 25% of patients on 22 patients presumed APC type I (symphyseal diastasis <2.5 cm) injuries. Here authors present a case demonstrating a necessity of intraoperative stress test for excluding concealed posterior ring disruption...
March 2016: Hip & Pelvis
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