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Symphysis pubis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898928/predicting-pork-loin-chop-yield-using-carcass-and-loin-characteristics
#1
K B Wilson, M F Overholt, E K Hogan, C Schwab, C M Shull, M Ellis, N S Grohmann, A C Dilger, D D Boler
The objective was to determine the predictive ability of carcass length for the number of equal-thickness chops obtained from a boneless pork loin. Longer pork carcasses are assumed to yield longer loins and, therefore, an increased number of chops. Loins were collected from pigs (1,238 total) raised under commercial conditions and marketed when the mean pig weight in a pen reached 138 kg. Pigs were slaughtered over 7 wk in a commercial facility. Carcass length was measured at 1 d postmortem on the left side of each carcass from the anterior edge of the symphysis pubis bone to the anterior edge of the first rib...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830594/a-digital-anatomical-study-of-the-corona-mortis-in-females
#2
Yan Han, Ping Liu, Chunlin Chen, Hui Duan, Lan Chen, Yikai Xu, Ruiying Chen, Hongxin Pan, Chunmei Zhao, Lei Tang
INTRODUCTION: We used an approach different from traditional anatomy to construct a three-dimensional (3D) model of the corona mortis (CMOR) through contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning. This will provide an aid for the understanding of the fine anatomy of the CMOR, as well as surgical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A medical image processing system was used to process computed tomography scanning data collected from 330 cases of female patients...
November 10, 2016: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824705/correlation-between-echodefecography-and-3-dimensional-vaginal-ultrasonography-in-the-detection-of-perineal-descent-in-women-with-constipation-symptoms
#3
Sthela M Murad-Regadas, Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas, Lusmar V Rodrigues, Adjra da Silva Vilarinho, Guilherme Buchen, Livia Olinda Borges, Lara B Veras, Mariana Murad da Cruz
BACKGROUND: Defecography is an established method of evaluating dynamic anorectal dysfunction, but conventional defecography does not allow for visualization of anatomic structures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of dynamic 3-dimensional endovaginal ultrasonography for evaluating perineal descent in comparison with echodefecography (3-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography) and to study the relationship between perineal descent and symptoms and anatomic/functional abnormalities of the pelvic floor...
December 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793113/pre-induction-translabial-ultrasound-measurements-in-predicting-mode-of-delivery-compared-to-bishop-score-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Soghra Khazardoost, Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh Vahdani, Sahar Latifi, Sedighe Borna, Maryam Tahani, Mohammad Ali Rezaei, Masoomeh Shafaat
BACKGROUND: By increased concerns about the accuracy of the traditional methods to predict outcomes after induction of labor, developing new standards has a great clinical importance. Here, we compared the predictive value of translabial ultrasound measurements with Bishop Score to determine the suitability of induction of labor. METHODS: A homogenous population of primigravid women was recruited. Induction of labor was performed with low-dose infusion of oxytocin...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759592/application-for-medpor-surgical-implant-in-modified-penile-elongation-review-of-19-cases
#5
Yuhong Chen, Chenyang Ji, Biying Wu, Weiqiang Liang, Jinming Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of MEDPOR surgical implant in modified penile elongation. METHODS: The suspensory ligaments were divided, and cavernous bodies of crus were partially mobilized, so as to release part of the cavernous bodies from inferior ramus of pubis. Then, the penis was elongated sufficiently. MEDPOR surgical implants (MEDPOR; high-density porous polyethylene, Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Newnan, Ga) were inserted between the cavernous bodies and pubic symphysis...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727409/symphysis-pubis-fundal-height-charts-to-assess-fetal-size-in-women-with-a-normal-body-mass-index
#6
T Dias, S Abeykoon, S Kumarasiri, C Gunawardena, G Pragasan, T Padeniya, A Pathmeswaran
OBJECTIVES: To construct symphysis-pubis fundal height (SFH) charts to estimate fetal size in pregnant women with a normal body mass index (BMI) and to describe the variation of SFH measurements according to BMI. METHODS: cross sectional study was carried out at Ampara and Gampaha Districts in Sri Lanka. Women with normal nutritional and health status, normal BMI and minimal environmental constraints on fetal growth, with ultra sound confirmation of dates by fetal crown-rump length measurements between 11 weeks and 13 weeks + six days,had their SFH measured, using non-elastic tape and standard techniques, between 24 and 41 weeks gestation...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718438/urological-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fractures-a-case-report-of-a-detached-bone-segment-inside-the-bladder
#7
Saud M Alfayez, Khalid Allimmia, Ahmad Alshammri, Firas Serro, Rakan Almogbel, Abdullah Bin Dous, Raed Almannie, Jesús Palencia
INTRODUCTION: Urological injuries in pelvic fractures are noticed in 6-15% of the cases. The bladder, due to its anatomical position, is prone to rupture in pelvic fractures. The majority of urinary bladder injuries are either extraperitoneal or intraperitoneal. Nonetheless, both types can occur simultaneously in 6% of the cases. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 45-year-old male was brought to our emergency department after being struck by an automobile. In the absence of signs of urethral injury, a Foley's catheter was inserted revealing gross hematuria...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595259/-the-radiologist-physician-in-major-trauma-evaluation
#8
Gaspar Alberto Motta-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the most common cause of death in young adults. A multidisciplinary trauma team consists of at least a surgical team, an anesthesiology team, radiologic team, and an emergency department team. OBJECTIVE: Recognize the integration of multidisciplinary medical team in managing the trauma patient and which must include the radiologist physician responsible for the institutional approach to the systematization of the trauma patient regarding any radiological and imaging study with emphasis on the FAST (del inglés, Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma)/USTA, Whole body computed tomography...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561133/vulvar-concerns-in-women-with-a-history-of-abdominoplasty-a-case-series
#9
Avery Whitis, Diane E Elas, Andrea OʼShea, Colleen K Stockdale
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present a series of women with a history of traditional abdominoplasty or circumferential abdominoplasty (belt lipectomy) with vulvar concerns and anatomic changes. METHODS: We describe 5 women with a history of abdominoplasty who were referred with symptoms of vulvar pain, dyspareunia, lower urinary tract symptoms, and/or lesion/mass. Physical examination revealed elevation of the clitoris on the pubic symphysis with or without retraction of the clitoral hood in each...
October 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504056/a-radiographic-simulation-study-of-fixed-superior-pubic-ramus-fractures-with-retrograde-screw-insertion
#10
Qi Quan, Lei Hong, Biao Chang, Ruo Xi Liu, Ying Qi Zhang, Qing Zhao, Shi Bi Lu
OBJECTIVES: The study's aim is to calculate the parameters for retrograde insertion points for fixed superior pubic ramus fractures. METHODS: From the pubic symphysis, diameter and length of the screw were measured, as well as the angle between the screw axis and the 3 planes. RESULTS: When the diameter was fixed at 4.5 mm, the maximum lengths were 125 mm and 119 mm. CONCLUSIONS: When the fracture occurs in Zone I, the penetration point could be selected in the pubic symphysis pubis angle to ensure that medial fracture fragments have sufficient screw channel length...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493147/mri-in-patients-with-chronic-pubalgia-is-precise-useful-information-provided-to-the-surgeon-a-case-control-study
#11
A Larbi, L Pesquer, G Reboul, P Omoumi, A Perozziello, P Abadie, P Loriaut, P Copin, E Ducouret, B Dallaudière
BACKGROUND: Recent studies described that MRI is a good examination to assess damage in chronic athletic pubalgia (AP). However, to our knowledge, no studies focus on systematic correlation of precise tendon or parietal lesion in MRI with surgery and histological assessment. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to determine if MRI can precisely assess Adductor longus (AL) tendinopathy and parietal lesion, compared with surgery and histology. HYPOTHESIS: MRI can determine if AP comes from pubis symphysis, musculotendinous or inguinal orifice structures...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442214/secondary-ossification-center-appearance-and-closure-in-the-pelvis-and-proximal-femur
#12
Kevin C Parvaresh, Vidyadhar V Upasani, James D Bomar, Andrew T Pennock
INTRODUCTION: Variable ossification patterns of the pelvis in skeletally immature patients can make the interpretation of pelvic radiographs challenging. Inconsistencies among prior studies and lack of sex comparisons underscore the need for a more comprehensive characterization of the secondary ossification centers. This study evaluates the chronology and sex differences for appearance and closure of pelvic and proximal femoral secondary ossification centers using computed tomography (CT)...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377428/morphological-convergence-in-the-pubis-of-slow-moving-primates-and-xenarthrans
#13
Kristi L Lewton, Heather L Dingwall
OBJECTIVES: Determining the functional significance of pubic rami is important for reconstructing locomotor behavior of fossil species. The slow loris pelvis, characterized by long pubic rami, is unusual among primates. Long pubic rami may be related to increasing the moment arm of the abdominal musculature during ventroflexion after the termination of hindlimb suspension, which is a common component of slow arboreal quadrupedalism (AQ). Some extant xenarthran species are also slow AQ taxa, and provide an ideal group to test hypotheses of morphologically convergent adaptations to slow AQ...
July 5, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282685/early-failure-of-symphysis-pubis-plating
#14
Jonathan G Eastman, James C Krieg, Milton L Chip Routt
INTRODUCTION: Operative fixation of a disrupted symphysis pubis helps return alignment and stability to a traumatized pelvic ring. Implant loosening or failure has been demonstrated to commonly occur at some subacute point during the postoperative period. The purpose of this study is to report on a series of patients with traumatic pelvic ring disruptions to determine the incidence and common factors associated with early postoperative symphyseal plate failure before 7 weeks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 patients retrospectively identified with unstable pelvic injuries treated with open reduction and plate fixation of the symphysis pubis and iliosacral screw fixation...
August 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219097/evaluating-fetal-head-dimension-changes-during-labor-using-open-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Christian Bamberg, Jan Deprest, Nikhil Sindhwani, Ulf Teichgräberg, Felix Güttler, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Karim D Kalache, Wolfgang Henrich
AIM: Fetal skull molding is important for the adaptation of the head to the birth canal during vaginal delivery. Importantly, the fetal head must rotate around the maternal symphysis pubis. The goals of this analysis were to observe a human birth in real-time using an open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner and describe the fetal head configuration during expulsion. METHODS: Real-time cinematic MRI series (TSE single-shot sequence, TR 1600 ms, TE 150 ms) were acquired from the midsagittal plane of the maternal pelvis during the active second stage of labor at 37 weeks of gestation...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146806/-operative-treatment-of-symphysis-pubis-rupture
#16
C Herren, T Dienstknecht, J Siewe, P Kobbe, H C Pape, F Hildebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146805/-chronic-instability-of-the-pubic-symphysis-etiology-diagnostics-and-treatment-management
#17
C Herren, T Dienstknecht, J Siewe, P Kobbe, H C Pape, F Hildebrand
The most frequent causes of chronic instability of the pubic symphysis are sports-related continual overload and traumatic symphyseal injuries. Acute injury of the pubic symphysis may be the result of external forces acting on the anterior pelvic ring or the result of internal forces, such as those arising during parturition. The postpartum form of instability following a complication-free birth is reversible and usually returns to normal within a few months through strengthening of the pelvic floor muscles...
May 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146349/erectile-function-after-anastomotic-urethroplasty-for-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injuries
#18
A El-Assmy, A M Harraz, M Benhassan, A Nabeeh, El Hi Ibrahiem
There is an established association between ED and pelvic fracture urethral injuries (PFUIs). However, ED can occur after the injury and/or the urethral repair. To our knowledge, only one study of erectile function (EF) after urethroplasty for PFUIs used a validated questionnaire. This study was carried out to determine the impact of anastomotic posterior urethroplasty for PFUIs on EF. We retrospectively reviewed the computerized surgical records to identify patients who underwent anastomotic urethroplasty for PFUIs from 1998 to 2014...
July 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064783/correlation-between-cam-type-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-radiographic-osteitis-pubis
#19
Elizabeth Phillips, Viviane Khoury, Andrew Wilmot, John D Kelly
A mechanistic link has been suggested between cam-type femoroacetabular impingement and increased stress on the symphysis pubis. This retrospective study was conducted to determine whether there is an increased prevalence of osteitis pubis, as evidenced by imaging, in patients with femoroacetabular impingement compared with age-matched control subjects. Search of a radiologic database of a large academic health institution for all patients with cam-type femoroacetabular impingement diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging or magnetic resonance arthrogram between January 2000 and October 2013 identified 46 cases...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995568/assessment-of-postpartum-symphysis-pubis-distention-with-3d-ultrasonography-a-novel-method
#20
Serdar Aydın, Rabia Zehra Bakar, Çağrı Arıoğlu Aydın, Pınar Özcan
OBJECTIVES: Determining the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) sonographic measurement of symphysis pubis (SP) distension in comparison to plain X-ray pelvic radiographs and assessing the interperformer reliability of this method. METHODS: Pelvic X-ray was performed on 86 women who delivered singleton babies within 36 h of delivery then each woman was examined by 3D transperineal ultrasound imaging by two sonogrographers. RESULTS: Measurements of SP with 3D transperineal ultrasonography in comparison to pelvic X-ray showed 95% limits of agreement...
March 2016: Clinical Imaging
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