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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806074/mechanical-bond-protected-air-stable-radicals
#1
Junling Sun, Zhichang Liu, Wei-Guang Liu, Yilei Wu, Yuping Wang, Jonathan C Barnes, Keith R Hermann, William A Goddard, Michael R Wasielewski, J Fraser Stoddart
Radical templation centered around a heterotrisradical tricationic inclusion complex DB(•+)⊂DAPQT(2(•+)), assembled from an equimolar mixture of a disubstituted 4,4'-bipyridinium radical cation (DB(•+)) and an asymmetric cyclophane bisradical dication (DAPQT(2(•+))), affords a symmetric [2]catenane (SC•7PF6) and an asymmetric [2]catenane (AC•7PF6) on reaction of the 1:1 complex with diazapyrene and bipyridine, respectively. Both these highly charged [2]catenanes have been isolated as air-stable mono-radicals and characterised by EPR spectroscopy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805855/rhodium-iii-catalyzed-and-meoh-involved-regioselective-mono-alkenylation-of-n-arylureas-with-acrylates
#2
Honggui Lv, Jingjing Shi, Junjun Huang, Chao Zhang, Wei Yi
We herein disclose, for the first time, Rh(iii)-catalyzed and MeOH-involved regioselective mono-alkenylation of arenes with acrylates using NHCONMe2 as the transformable directing group, giving direct access to diverse ortho-acrylated N-phenyl carbamates. The synthetic application of the obtained products to build privileged quinolin-2(1H)-ones and 3-(2-aminophenyl)acrylates has also been demonstrated in subsequent derivatization reactions.
August 14, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805676/inhibitors-of-deubiquitinating-enzymes-block-hiv-1-replication-and-augment-the-presentation-of-gag-derived-mhc-i-epitopes
#3
Christian Setz, Melanie Friedrich, Pia Rauch, Kirsten Fraedrich, Alina Matthaei, Maximilian Traxdorf, Ulrich Schubert
In recent years it has been well established that two major constituent parts of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS)-the proteasome holoenzymes and a number of ubiquitin ligases-play a crucial role, not only in virus replication but also in the regulation of the immunogenicity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, the role in HIV-1 replication of the third major component, the deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), has remained largely unknown. In this study, we show that the DUB-inhibitors (DIs) P22077 and PR-619, specific for the DUBs USP7 and USP47, impair Gag processing and thereby reduce the infectivity of released virions without affecting viral protease activity...
August 12, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805223/the-effect-of-defects-on-the-catalytic-activity-of-single-au-atom-supported-carbon-nanotubes-and-reaction-mechanism-for-co-oxidation
#4
Sajjad Ali, Tian Fu Liu, Zan Lian, Bo Li, Dang Sheng Su
The mechanism of CO oxidation by O2 on a single Au atom supported on pristine, mono atom vacancy (m), di atom vacancy (di) and the Stone Wales defect (SW) on single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) surface is systematically investigated theoretically using density functional theory. We determine that single Au atoms can be trapped effectively by the defects on SWCNTs. The defects on SWCNTs can enhance both the binding strength and catalytic activity of the supported single Au atom. Fundamental aspects such as adsorption energy and charge transfer are elucidated to analyze the adsorption properties of CO and O2 and co-adsorption of CO and O2 molecules...
August 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805084/covalent-immobilisation-of-transglutaminase-stability-and-applications-in-protein-pegylation
#5
Antonella Grigoletto, Anna Mero, Hiroki Yoshioka, Oddone Schiavon, Gianfranco Pasut
Microbial transglutaminase enzyme (mTGase) is an extremely useful enzyme that is increasingly employed in the food and pharmaceutical industries and as a tool for protein modification and tagging. The current study describes how we immobilised mTGase (iTGase) on a solid support to improve its stability during the PEGylation process by which polyethylene glycol chains are attached to protein and peptide drugs. When the enzyme was immobilised at the N-terminal sequence on agarose beads, it retained more than 53% of its starting activity...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804606/a-multiple-antigen-detection-assay-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis-based-on-broadly-reactive-polyclonal-antibodies
#6
Zhenhua Dai, Zhiqiang Liu, Bingshui Xiu, Xiqin Yang, Ping Zhao, Xuhui Zhang, Cuimi Duan, Haiping Que, Heqiu Zhang, Xiaoyan Feng
OBJECTIVES: Detection of circulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) antigens is promising in Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. However, not a single antigen marker has been found to be widely expressed in all TB patients. This study is aimed to prepare broadly reactive polyclonal antibodies targeting multiple antigen markers (multi-target antibodies) and evaluate their efficacies in TB diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fusion gene consisting of 38kD, ESAT6, and CFP10 was constructed and overexpressed...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803465/hypervalent-iodine-mediated-chemoselective-iodination-of-alkynes
#7
Yan Liu, Daya Huang, Ju Huang, Keiji Maruoka
Reported herein are practical approaches for the chemoselective mono-, di-, and tri-iodination of alkynes based on efficient oxidative iodinations catalyzed by hypervalent iodine reagents. The reaction conditions were systematically optimized by altering the iodine source and/or the hypervalent iodine reagent system. The tetrabutylammonium iodide (TBAI)/(diacetoxyiodo)benzene (PIDA) system is specific for mono-iodination, while the KI/PIDA system results in di-iodination. Combining the TBAI/PIDA and KI/PIDA systems in one pot provided the corresponding tri-iodination products efficiently...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803337/production-of-rhamnolipids-by-semi-solid-state-fermentation-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-rg18-for-heavy-metal-desorption
#8
Jianrong Wu, Jingbo Zhang, Panpan Wang, Li Zhu, Minjie Gao, Zhiyong Zheng, Xiaobei Zhan
Foaming problem and cost of substrate limit the commercial application of rhamnolipids, a potential biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We explored the production of rhamnolipids by a semi-solid-state (SSS) fermentation strategy with glycerol as carbon source and rapeseed/wheat bran as matrix, along with the capacity of the produced rhamnolipids to solubilize lead and cadmium in aqueous solution. Structural analysis by MALDI-TOF MS indicated the increased proportion of mono-rhamnolipids from SSS fermentation...
August 12, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803130/prenatal-phthalate-exposures-and-child-temperament-at-12-and-24-months
#9
Alison B Singer, Mary S Wolff, Manori J Silva, Antonia M Calafat, Stephanie M Engel
INTRODUCTION: Gestational phthalate exposures have been adversely associated with attention, externalizing, and internalizing behaviors in childhood. Early childhood temperament may be a marker of later behavioral patterns. We therefore sought to determine whether gestational phthalate exposures were associated with infant and toddler temperament. METHODS: The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study is a prospective cohort study of children born between May 1998 and July 2001 in New York City (N=404)...
August 9, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803100/optimization-of-aqueous-ammonia-soaking-of-manure-fibers-by-response-surface-methodology-for-unlocking-the-methane-potential-of-swine-manure
#10
Anna Lymperatou, Hariklia N Gavala, Ioannis V Skiadas
Swine manure mono-digestion often results to economically non-feasible processes, due to the high dilution and ammonia concentration together with the low degradation rates it presents. The effects of different parameters of Aqueous Ammonia Soaking (AAS) as a pretreatment for improving the digestion of manure fibers when coupled to an ammonia removal step were investigated in this study. Response Surface Methodology was followed and the influence and interactions of the following AAS parameters were studied: NH3 concentration, duration and solid-to-liquid ratio...
July 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802807/acute-phase-response-in-babesia-canis-and-dirofilaria-immitis-co-infections-in-dogs
#11
Zorana Milanović, Anja Ilić, Jelena Francuski Andrić, Vladimir Radonjić, Anđelo Beletić, Milica Kovačević Filipović
Babesia canis and Dirofilaria immitis are emerging and geographically overlapping vector-borne pathogens in dogs. Infection with B. canis leads to acute-phase response (APR) that can be mild to severe and results in either non-complicated or complicated forms of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether acute B. canis infection is more severe in dogs with underlying asymptomatic D. immitis infection. Dogs of both sexes, different ages and breeds, with naturally occurring mono-infections with B...
August 2, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802406/real-time-pcr-followed-by-high-resolution-melting-curve-analysis-a-rapid-and-pragmatic-approach-for-screening-of-multidrug-resistant-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis
#12
Kusum Sharma, Megha Sharma, Shreya Singh, Manish Modi, Aman Sharma, Pallab Ray, Subhash Varma
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug resistance (MDR) in extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is a diagnostic challenge in an endemic country like India. Timely detection of MDR-TB can contribute to a better patient outcome. OBJECTIVE: To perform real-time PCR (qPCR) using rpoB, mpb64 and IS6110 gene on a variety of EPTB samples and to compare the performance of different gene targets. All qPCR positive samples were subjected to high resolution melt-curve analysis (HRM analysis) for rpoB and katG gene to evaluate its potential for MDR screening among different sample types...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801719/the-phospholipid-composition-of-kangaroo-spermatozoa-verified-by-mass-spectrometric-lipid-analysis
#13
Kathrin M Engel, Jürgen Schiller, Karin Müller, Dirk Dannenberger, Ulrike Jakop
Cryopreservation of kangaroo sperm has not been successful so far, and yet there is no promising cryopreservation protocol for these cells available. However, conservation of gametes is extremely important, particularly in the context of preserving endangered species. As spermatozoa are comprised of different membrane systems, the composition of these membranes might account for difficulties in cryopreservation. Lipids, as the main components, affect the physical properties of biological membranes and play a major role in sperm maturation...
August 11, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801462/protein-glutaminylation-is-a-yeast-specific-posttranslational-modification-of-elongation-factor-1a
#14
Thomas Jank, Yury Belyi, Christophe Wirth, Sabine Rospert, Zehan Hu, Jörn Dengjel, Tina Tzivelekidis, Gregers Rom Andersen, Carola Hunte, Andreas Schlosser, Klaus Aktories
Ribosomal translation factors are fundamental for protein synthesis and highly conserved in all kingdoms of life. The essential eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (eEF1A), delivers aminoacyl tRNAs to the A-site of the translating 80S ribosome. Several studies have revealed that eEF1A is posttranslationally modified. Using MS analysis, site-directed mutagenesis, and X-ray structural data analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae eEF1A, we identified a posttranslational modification in which the alpha amino group of mono-L-glutamine is covalently linked to the side chain of glutamate 45 in eEF1A...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801368/analysis-of-separation-of-white-blood-cells-in-peripheral-blood-as-an-indicator-of-mpo-deficiency
#15
Kinga Rośniak-Bąk, Agnieszka Jeleń, Marek Bąk
The purpose of this study was to analyze the white blood cell (WBC) percentage pattern of patients with myeloperoxidase disorder. During the 18 months of routine work, 36 blood samples were found with disorders of myeloperoxidase activity: 12 cases of total myeloperoxidase (MPOt) deficiency and 24 cases of partial myeloperoxidase (MPOp) deficiency. In the group with MPOp, according to the results, monocytes (MONO) were the dominant population 33.2%±21.3; however, the microscopic evaluation of leucocytes showed the dominance of neutrophil (NEUT)...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800472/phthalate-and-bisphenol-a-exposure-during-in-utero-windows-of-susceptibility-in-relation-to-reproductive-hormones-and-pubertal-development-in-girls
#16
Deborah J Watkins, Brisa N Sánchez, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Joyce M Lee, Adriana Mercado-García, Clara Blank-Goldenberg, Karen E Peterson, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, the age of pubertal onset in girls has shifted downward worldwide. As early pubertal onset is associated with increased risky behavior and psychological issues during adolescence and cardiometabolic disease and cancer in adulthood, this is an important public health concern. Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical windows of in utero development may play a role in this trend. Our objective was to investigate trimester-specific phthalate and BPA exposure in relation to pubertal development among girls in the Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) birth cohort...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800117/iron-fortification-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-to-address-iron-deficiency
#17
Rajib Podder, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Diane M DellaValle, Albert Vandenberg
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major human health concern in areas of the world in which diets are often Fe deficient. In the current study, we aimed to identify appropriate methods and optimal dosage for Fe fortification of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) dal with FeSO₄·7H₂O (ferrous sulphate hepta-hydrate), NaFeEDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid iron (III) sodium salt) and FeSO₄·H₂O (ferrous sulphate mono-hydrate). We used a colorimetric method to determine the appearance of the dal fortified with fortificants at different Fe concentrations and under different storage conditions...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799761/-19-f-nmr-characterization-of-the-encapsulation-of-emerging-perfluoroethercarboxylic-acids-by-cyclodextrins
#18
Mary Jo Weiss-Errico, Ion Ghiviriga, Kevin E O'Shea
Legacy perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are known environmental pollutants with serious adverse health effects. Perfluoroethercarboxylic acids (PFECAs), emerging PFASs now being substituted for legacy PFASs, have recently been detected in the environment. Cyclodextrins (CDs) have been proposed as agents for the remediation of problematic pollutants, including legacy PFASs. The current study uses (19)F NMR spectroscopy to measure the complexation of mono-, di-, and triether PFECAs by CDs for eventual environmental applications...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799754/on-the-threading-of-an-inherently-directional-calixarene-wheel-with-oriented-ammonium-axles
#19
Pellegrino La Manna, Carmen Talotta, Carmine Gaeta, Annunziata Soriente, Margherita De Rosa, Placido Neri
The threading of mono-stoppered alkylbenzylammonium axles 7+ and 8+ with the calix[6]-wheel 3 can occurs by both the routes of entering of the macrocycle 3 in the cone conformation: through-the-exo-rim and the through-the-endo-rim passage. Thus, under thermodynamic conditions, with both the axles 7+ and 8+ the two possible oriented calix[2]pseudorotaxane, namely endo-benzyl and endo-alkyl, are formed with a stereoselectivity controlled by endo-alkyl rule. Interestingly, by 1H NMR monitoring of the threading process between 8+ and 3, we revealed two calix[2]pseudorotaxane isomers in which the calix-weel adopts a 1,2,3-alternate and cone conformations, respectively, the kinetic and thermodynamic species...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799334/the-impact-of-commonly-used-alkylating-agents-on-artefactual-peptide-modification
#20
Peter G Hains, Phillip J Robinson
Iodoacetamide is by far the most commonly used agent for alkylation of cysteine during sample preparation for proteomics. An alternative, 2-chloroacetamide, has been recently suggested to reduce the alkylation of residues other than cysteine, such as the N-terminus, Asp, Glu, Lys, Ser, Thr and Tyr. Here, we show that although 2-chloroacetamide reduces the level of off-target alkylation, it exhibits a range of adverse effects. The most significant of these was methionine oxidation, which increases to a maximum of 40% of all Met containing peptides compared to 2-5% with iodoacetamide...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
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