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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904909/inactivation-of-tp53-and-pten-drives-rapid-development-of-pleural-and-peritoneal-malignant-mesotheliomas
#1
Eleonora Sementino, Craig W Menges, Yuwaraj Kadariya, Suraj Peri, Jinfei Xu, Zemin Liu, Richard G Wilkes, Kathy Q Cai, Frank J Rauscher, Andres J Klein-Szanto, Joseph R Testa
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a therapy-resistant cancer arising primarily from the lining of the pleural and peritoneal cavities. The most frequently altered genes in human MM are cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A), which encodes components of the p53 (p14ARF) and RB (p16INK4A) pathways, BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1), and neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). Furthermore, the p53 gene (TP53) itself is mutated in ~15% of MMs. In many MMs, the PI3K-PTEN-AKT-mTOR signaling node is hyperactivated, which contributes to tumor cell survival and therapeutic resistance...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902863/gomisin-g-suppresses-the-growth-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-attenuation-of-akt-phosphorylation-and-arrest-of-cell-cycle-progression
#2
Sony Maharjan, Byoung Kwon Park, Su In Lee, Yoongho Lim, Keunwook Lee, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related death due to a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of Gomisin G on colon cancer growth and examined the underlying mechanism of action. We found that Gomisin G significantly suppressed the viability and colony formation of LoVo cells. Gomisin G reduced the phosphorylation level of AKT implying that Gomisin G suppressed the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. Gomisin G also induced apoptosis shown by Annexin V staining and an increased level of cleaved poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) and Caspase-3 proteins...
June 14, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901080/physical-exercise-promotes-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-endogenous-neural-stem-cells-via-erk-in-rats-with-cerebral-infarction
#3
Wei Liu, Wen Wu, Guangyong Lin, Jian Cheng, Yanyan Zeng, Yu Shi
Physical exercise is beneficial for the functional recovery of neurons after stroke. It has been suggested that exercise regulates proliferation and differentiation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs); however, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still largely unknown. In the present study, the aim was to investigate whether physical exercise activates the extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway to promote proliferation and differentiation of NSCs in rats with cerebral infarction, thereby improving neurological function...
June 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890731/wip-yap-taz-as-a-new-pro-oncogenic-pathway-in-glioma
#4
Sergio Rivas, Inés M Antón, Francisco Wandosell
Wild-type p53 (wtp53) is described as a tumour suppressor gene, and mutations in p53 occur in many human cancers. Indeed, in high-grade malignant glioma, numerous molecular genetics studies have established central roles of RTK-PI3K-PTEN and ARF-MDM2-p53 INK4a-RB pathways in promoting oncogenic capacity. Deregulation of these signalling pathways, among others, drives changes in the glial/stem cell state and environment that permit autonomous growth. The initially transformed cell may undergo subsequent modifications, acquiring a more complete tumour-initiating phenotype responsible for disease advancement to stages that are more aggressive...
June 9, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873516/the-combinational-effect-of-e6-e7-sirna-and-anti-mir-182-on-apoptosis-induction-in-hpv16-positive-cervical-cells
#5
Hamidreza Javadi, Abbas Sahebghadam Lotfi, Saman Hosseinkhani, Hossein Mehrani, Jafar Amani, Zahra Soheila Soheili, Zahra Hojati, Mehdi Kamali
In the present research, we assumed that reducing the amounts of E6 and E7 oncoproteins by a specific siRNA sequence and recovering p53 and RB proteins, along with the recovery of the FOXO1 protein by applying anti-miR-182, would increase apoptosis and reduce proliferation rate in cancer cells. The HPV16-positive CaSki cervical cancer cell line was used. 48 hours after transfection of siRNA for targeting E6 and E7 oncoproteins and anti-miR-182, expression of its cellular targets p53, p21 and FOXO1 was assessed by real-time PCR, western blot analysis and immunocytofluorescence staining...
June 6, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868118/rna-sequencing-of-primary-retinoblastoma-tumors-provides-new-insights-and-challenges-into-tumor-development
#6
Sailaja V Elchuri, Swetha Rajasekaran, Wayne O Miles
Retinoblastoma is rare tumor of the retina caused by the homozygous loss of the Retinoblastoma 1 tumor suppressor gene (RB1). Loss of the RB1 protein, pRB, results in de-regulated activity of the E2F transcription factors, chromatin changes and developmental defects leading to tumor development. Extensive microarray profiles of these tumors have enabled the identification of genes sensitive to pRB disruption, however, this technology has a number of limitations in the RNA profiles that they generate. The advent of RNA-sequencing has enabled the global profiling of all of the RNA within the cell including both coding and non-coding features and the detection of aberrant RNA processing events...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867578/amp-activated-protein-kinase-mediates-the-effect-of-leptin-on-avian-autophagy-in-a-tissue-specific-manner
#7
Alissa Piekarski, Gurueswar Nagarajan, Peter Ishola, Joshua Flees, Elizabeth S Greene, Wayne J Kuenzel, Takeshi Ohkubo, Helena Maier, Walter G Bottje, Mark A Cline, Sami Dridi
Autophagy, a highly conserved intracellular self-digestion process, plays an integral role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Although emerging evidence indicate that the endocrine system regulates autophagy in mammals, there is still a scarcity of information on autophagy in avian (non-mammalian) species. Here, we show that intracerebroventricular administration of leptin reduces feed intake, modulates the expression of feeding-related hypothalamic neuropeptides, activates leptin receptor and signal transducer and activator of transcription (Ob-Rb/STAT) pathway, and significantly increases the expression of autophagy-related proteins (Atg3, Atg5, Atg7, beclin1, and LC3B) in chicken hypothalamus, liver, and muscle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862279/overexpression-of-trim24-stimulates-proliferation-and-glucose-metabolism-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Hongming Wang, Weishuang Xue, Xuejun Jiang
TRIM24 (Tripartite Motif Containing 24) is a recently identified oncogene overexpressed in various cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of TRIM24 in the progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains ambiguous. In the present study, we analyzed the expression pattern of TRIM24 in 100 HNSCC tissues and found that TRIM24 was overexpressed in 43/100 HNSCC cases. Significant association was found between TRIM24 overexpression and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage ( p = 0.0034) and T stage ( p = 0...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851371/schisantherin-a-improves-learning-and-memory-of-mice-with-d-galactose-induced-learning-and-memory-impairment-through-its-antioxidation-and-regulation-of-p19-p53-p21-cyclin-d1-cdk4-rb-gene-expressions
#9
Cong Liu, Weijing Sun, Ning Li, Jiaqi Gao, Chunyan Yu, Chunmei Wang, Jinghui Sun, Shu Jing, Jianguang Chen, He Li
Schisantherin A (SCA) was evaluated for possible function in restoring the learning and memory impairment induced by D-galactose in mice. ICR mice were treated with D-galactose subcutaneously (220 mg·kg-1 ), and followed by SCA in different doses (1.25, 2.50 and 5.00 mg·kg-1 , administered orally) for 42 days. Effects of SCA on learning and memory were examined by step-through tests and Morris water maze tests. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the peripheral blood and hippocampus of mice were assayed by water-soluble tetrazolium-1 (WST-1) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844123/combined-c-met-trk-inhibition-overcomes-resistance-to-cdk4-6-inhibitors-in-glioblastoma
#10
Inan Olmez, Ying Zhang, Laryssa Manigat, Mouadh Benamar, Breanna Brenneman, Ichiro Nakano, Jakub Godlewski, Agnieszka Bronisz, Jeongwu Lee, Tarek Abbas, Roger Abounader, Benjamin Purow
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary brain malignancy and carries an extremely poor prognosis. Recent molecular studies revealed the CDK4/6-Rb-E2F axis and receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling to be deregulated in most GBM, creating an opportunity to develop more effective therapies by targeting both pathways. Using a phospho-RTK protein array, we found that both c-Met and TrkA-B pathways were significantly activated upon CDK4/6 inhibition in GBM cells. We therefore investigated the efficacy of combined CDK4/6 and c-Met/TrkA-B inhibition against GBM...
May 29, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808799/mir-140-5p-suppresses-retinoblastoma-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-cemip-and-cadm3
#11
Xiaolin Miao, Zhen Wang, Bingyu Chen, Yiqi Chen, Xi Wang, Luxi Jiang, Shanshan Jiang, Ke Hao, Wei Zhang
Retinoblastoma (RB) is a childhood intraocular tumor, affecting millions of patients worldwide. MicroRNA-140-5p (miR-140-5p) was demonstrated to be involved in the tumorigenesis of various human cancers; however, its role in RB remains undetermined. In this study, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assays were used to determine the expression levels of miR-140-5p, cell migration-inducing protein (CEMIP), and cell adhesion molecule 3 (CADM3) in RB tissues and cell-lines. The proliferation ability was detected by cell-counting kit 8 (CCK-8), Edu staining, and colony formation assay...
May 15, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790698/inhibition-of-migration-and-invasion-by-berberine-via-inactivation-of-pi3k-akt-and-p38-in-human-retinoblastoma-cell-line
#12
Yuwen Wang, Jianshu Yuan, Liangyan Yang, Pengyun Wang, Xiajun Wang, Yue Wu, Kan Chen, Rong Ma, Yike Zhong, Xiaohong Guo, Yan Gong, Mengfang Gui, Yaming Jin
BACKGROUND: As a clinically important natural isoquinoline alkaloid, berberine has been reported to possess various pharmacological effects. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of berberine on cell migration and invasion in human retinoblastoma (Rb) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cytotoxicity of berberine was estimated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. After being stimulated with berberine under various concentrations, the cell migration and invasion were evaluated by transwell assay...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778689/network-analysis-of-a-proposed-exit-pathway-for-protons-to-the-p-side-of-cytochrome-c-oxidase
#13
Xiuhong Cai, Kamran Haider, Jianxun Lu, Slaven Radic, Chang Yun Son, Qiang Cui, M R Gunner
Cytochrome c Oxidase (CcO) reduces O2 , the terminal electron acceptor, to water in the aerobic respiration electron transport chain. The energy released by O2 reductions is stored by removing eight protons from the high pH, N-side, of the membrane with four used for chemistry in the active site and four pumped to the low pH, P-side. The proton transfers must occur along controllable proton pathways that prevent energy dissipating movement towards the N-side. The CcO N-side has well established D- and K-channels to deliver protons to the protein interior...
May 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777397/telomeres-and-telomerase-during-human-papillomavirus-induced-carcinogenesis
#14
REVIEW
Anna Pańczyszyn, Ewa Boniewska-Bernacka, Grzegorz Głąb
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) belong to a small spherical virus family and are transmitted through direct contact, most often through sexual behavior. More than 200 types of HPV are known, a dozen or so of which are classified as high-risk viruses (HR HPV) and may contribute to the development of cervical cancer. HPV is a small virus with a capsid composed of L1 and L2 proteins, which are crucial for entry to the cell. The infection begins at the basal cell layer and progresses to involve cells from higher layers of the cervical epithelium...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777202/aberrant-modulation-of-ribosomal-protein-s6-phosphorylation-confers-acquired-resistance-to-mapk-pathway-inhibitors-in-braf-mutant-melanoma
#15
Ming-Zhao Gao, Hong-Bin Wang, Xiang-Ling Chen, Wen-Ting Cao, Li Fu, Yun Li, Hai-Tian Quan, Cheng-Ying Xie, Li-Guang Lou
BRAF and MEK inhibitors have shown remarkable clinical efficacy in BRAF-mutant melanoma; however, most patients develop resistance, which limits the clinical benefit of these agents. In this study, we found that the human melanoma cell clones, A375-DR and A375-TR, with acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and MEK inhibitor trametinib, were cross resistant to other MAPK pathway inhibitors. In these resistant cells, phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) but not phosphorylation of ERK or p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) were unable to be inhibited by MAPK pathway inhibitors...
May 18, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770276/the-evaluation-of-anoxia-responsive-e2f-dna-binding-activity-in-the-red-eared-slider-turtle-trachemys-scripta-elegans
#16
Kyle K Biggar, Kenneth B Storey
In many cases, the DNA-binding activity of a transcription factor does not change, while its transcriptional activity is greatly influenced by the make-up of bound proteins. In this study, we assessed the protein composition and DNA-binding ability of the E2F transcription factor complex to provide insight into cell cycle control in an anoxia tolerant turtle through the use of a modified ELISA protocol. This modification also permits the use of custom DNA probes that are tailored to a specific DNA binding region, introducing the ability to design capture probes for non-model organisms...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764587/-role-of-pd-0332991-on-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-vascular-endothelial-cells
#17
Chenlong Zhao, Minghui Liu, Yongwen Li, Hongbing Zhang, Ying Li, Hao Gong, Yin Yuan, Weiting Li, Hongyu Liu, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is an important process in the development of tumor. PD 0332991, a cell cycle inhibitor, can specifically inhibit CD4/6 phosphorylation and cell cycle progression. In xeongraft mice models, PD 0332991 treated mice had significantly decreased angiogenesis and vascular density compared with the control group, but the mechanism remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role and molecular mechanism of PD 0332991 on vascular endothelial cells...
May 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752158/immortalization-of-chicken-embryonic-liver-derived-cell-line-by-stable-expression-of-hmrp18s-2-for-serotype-4-fowl-adenovirus-propagation
#18
Lei Feng, Li Chen, Junwen Yun, Zhixiang Bi, Yinghua Tang, Peipei Wu, Jibo Hou
Inclusion body hepatitis and hydropericardium-hepatitis syndrome caused by serotype 4 fowl adenovirus (FAdV-4) have emerged in China since 2013. FAdV is usually propagated in primary chicken embryonic liver cells or embryo yolk sac. The aim of this work was to develop an immortalized CEL cell line by stable expression of human mitochondrial ribosomal protein 18S-2, named CEL-hMRP18S-2 cells, for the propagation of FAdV-4. The maximum cell density of CEL-hMRP18S-2 cells could reach 2.65 × 106  cells/ml in four-days culture...
May 8, 2018: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750576/suv39h1-dnmt3a-dependent-methylation-of-the-rb1-promoter-stimulates-pin1-expression-and-melanoma-development
#19
Garam Kim, Jin-Young Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Kwang Youl Lee, Okyun Kim, Hong Seok Choi
Melanoma is among the most aggressive and treatment-resistant human cancers. Aberrant histone H3 methylation at Lys 9 (H3K9) correlates with carcinogenic gene silencing, but the significance of suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 1 (SUV39H1), an H3K9-specific methyltransferase, in melanoma initiation and progression remains unclear. Here, we show that SUV39H1-mediated H3K9 trimethylation facilitates retinoblastoma ( RB) 1 promoter CpG island methylation by interacting with DNA methyltransferase 3A and decreasing RB mRNA and protein in melanoma cells...
May 11, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749457/downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-198-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-retinoblastoma-by-directly-targeting-pten
#20
Dongdong Wei, Yingbin Miao, Lianxia Yu, Degong Wang, Yingli Wang
A number of studies have highlighted that aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve crucial roles in the tumorigenesis and tumor development of retinoblastoma (RB). Hence, a full investigation of the biological roles and regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs in RB may provide novel therapeutic targets for patients with this malignancy. miR‑198 is frequently abnormally expressed in various types of human cancers. However, the expression level, biological roles and underlying mechanisms of miR‑198 in RB remain to be elucidated...
May 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
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