keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

rb protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647672/therapeutic-targeting-of-nuclear-export-inhibition-in-lung-cancer
#1
Arjun Gupta, Jessica M Saltarski, Michael A White, Pier P Scaglioni, David E Gerber
Intracellular compartmentalization and trafficking of molecules plays a critical role in complex and essential cellular processes. In lung cancer and other malignancies, aberrant nucleocytoplasmic transport of tumor suppressor proteins and cell cycle regulators results in tumorigenesis and inactivation of apoptosis. Pharmacologic targeting of this process, termed selective inhibition of nuclear export (SINE), has demonstrated anti-tumor efficacy in preclinical models and human clinical trials. Exportin-1 (XPO1)-which serves as the sole exporter of several tumor suppressor proteins and cell cycle regulators, including retinoblastoma (Rb), adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), p53, p73, p21, p27, FOXO, STAT3, IKB, topoisomerase II and PAR-4-is the principal focus of SINE drug development...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637687/inhibition-of-cdk4-6-by-palbociclib-significantly-extends-survival-in-medulloblastoma-patient-derived-xenograft-mouse-models
#2
Michelle L Cook Sangar, Laura A Genovesi, Madison W Nakamoto, Melissa J Davis, Sue E Knoblaugh, Pengxiang Ji, Amanda Millar, Brandon Wainwright, James M Olson
  <p>Bioinformatics analysis followed by in vivo studies in patient-derived xenograft models were used to identify and validate CDK 4/6 inhibition as an effective therapeutic strategy for medulloblastoma, particularly Group 3 MYC-amplified tumors which have the worst clinical prognosis.</p> <br />Experimental Design: <p>A protein interaction network derived from a Sleeping Beauty mutagenesis model of medulloblastoma was used to identify potential novel therapeutic targets.  The top hit from this analysis was validated in vivo using patient-derived xenograft models of medulloblastoma implanted subcutaneously in the flank and orthotopically in the cerebellum of mice...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637359/decreased-paraoxonase-2-enzymatic-activity-in-monocyte-macrophages-cells-a-comparative-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study-for-diabetes
#3
D Lixandru, P Alexandru, A Mihai, A Roşca, C Ionescu-Tîrgovişte, L I Braşoveanu, B Manuel-Y-Keenoy
Aim To investigate peripheral blood monocytes/macrophages (Mo/Mø) paraoxonase2 (PON2) in diabetes and the factors modulating its activity. Methods 118 patients with newly diagnosed uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus were compared regarding clinical, biochemical and oxidative stress parameters with 80 healthy subjects. The capacity of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) to release pro-oxidants and to neutralize them was determined by measuring the respiratory burst (RB) and the intracellular antioxidant enzyme PON2...
June 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636114/set-i2pp2a-overexpression-induces-phenotypic-molecular-and-metabolic-alterations-in-an-oral-keratinocyte-cell-line
#4
Lays M Sobral, Ricardo D Coletta, Luciane C Alberici, Carlos Curti, Andréia Machado Leopoldino
The multifunctional SET/I2PP2A protein is known to be overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, SET has been reported to have apparently conflicting roles in promoting cancer cell survival under oxidative stress conditions and preventing invasion and metastasis, complicating efforts to understand the contribution of SET to carcinogenesis. In the present study, we overexpressed SET in a spontaneously immortalized oral keratinocyte cell line (NOK-SI SET) and demonstrated that SET up-regulation alone was sufficient to transform cells...
June 21, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631603/a-single-point-mutation-in-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus-nss-protein-is-sufficient-to-overcome-tsw-gene-mediated-resistance-in-pepper
#5
Asztéria Almási, Katalin Nemes, Zsófia Csömör, István Tóbiás, László Palkovics, Katalin Salánki
The nonstructural protein (NSs) of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) was previously identified as an avirulence determinant for Tsw-based resistance on pepper. The NSs of wild-type (WT) and resistance-breaking (RB) TSWV strains isolated in Hungary had only two amino acid substitutions (104, 461). We have analysed the ability of the NSs and their point mutant variants to trigger Tsw-mediated hypersensitive responses and RNA silencing suppressor (RSS) activity in patch assays. We identified a single amino acid change at position 104 (T-A) that was responsible for the necrosis induction or loss, while a significant difference was not detected in the RSS activity of the two parental strains...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630280/ki-67-contributes-to-normal-cell-cycle-progression-and-inactive-x-heterochromatin-in-p21-checkpoint-proficient-human-cells
#6
Xiaoming Sun, Aizhan Bizhanova, Timothy D Matheson, Jun Yu, Julie L Zhu, Paul D Kaufman
Ki-67 protein is widely used as a tumor proliferation marker. However, whether Ki-67 affects cell cycle progression has been controversial. Here, we demonstrate that depletion of Ki-67 in human hTERT-RPE1, WI-38, IMR90, hTERT-BJ cell lines and primary fibroblast cells slowed entry into S phase and coordinately downregulated genes related to DNA replication. Some gene expression changes were partially relieved in Ki-67-depleted hTERT-RPE1 cells by co-depletion of the Rb checkpoint protein, but more thorough suppression of the transcriptional and cell cycle defects was observed upon depletion of cell cycle inhibitor p21...
June 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628830/breviscapine-bvp-inhibits-prostate-cancer-progression-through-damaging-dna-by-minichromosome-maintenance-protein-7-mcm-7-modulation
#7
Yang-Bo Guan, Dong-Rong Yang, Shao-Jun Nong, Jian Ni, Chun-Hui Hu, Jian Li, Jin Zhu, Yu-Xi Shan
Naturally occurring compounds are reported as effective candidates for prevention and treatment of various cancers. Breviscapine (BVP) is a mixture of flavonoid glycosides, derived from the Chinese herbs. Previous researches have indicated that BVP has comprehensive pharmacological functions. However, little is known about whether BVP has preventive effects on human prostate cancer. Here, we attempted to explore if BVP inhibits human prostate cancer in vitro and in vivo in a comprehensive manner. We found that BVP triggered cytotoxicity in prostate cancer cell lines dose-dependently...
June 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627689/expression-of-cell-cycle-related-proteins-in-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-based-on-human-papilloma-virus-status
#8
Koudai Tsuchida, Tamotsu Sugai, Noriyuki Uesugi, Kazuyuki Ishida, Kazuto Matsuura, Ikuro Sato, Kiyoto Shiga, Hiroaki Sato
The molecular association between human papilloma virus (HPV) and cell cycle-related (CCR) proteins is not fully understood in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Herein, we examined the expression levels of CCRs in OPSCCs based on HPV status. In situ hybridization (ISH)- and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays were used to detect HPV status in 98 OPSCCs, and CCRs were detected by immunostaining. Of 98 tumors, 47 had HPV-positive tumors by either ISH- or PCR-based assays. Concordance analysis between ISH- and PCR-based tests showed a good agreement in OPSCC...
June 14, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627594/microrna-320-inhibits-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-retinoblastoma-by-targeting-specificity-protein-1
#9
Yuehua Zhao, Shilian Zhang, Yongfeng Zhang
Research into the expression and function of microRNAs (miRNAs/miR) in human cancer has provided novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant miRNA expression has been reported in retinoblastoma (RB) and several other types of human cancer. The present study demonstrated that miR‑320 is significantly downregulated in RB tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, overexpression of miR‑320 was demonstrated to inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion of RB cells...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622869/brucella-lipopolysaccharide-reinforced-salmonella-delivering-brucella-immunogens-protects-mice-against-virulent-challenge
#10
Jonathan Lalsiamthara, John Hwa Lee
Intracellular pathogen Salmonella exhibits natural infection broadly analogous to Brucella, this phenomenon makes Salmonella a pragmatic choice for an anti-Brucella vaccine delivery platform. In this study we developed and formulated a combination of four attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium live vector strains delivering heterologous Brucella antigens (rBs), namely lumazine synthase, proline racemase subunit A, lipoprotein outer membrane protein-19, and Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase. With an aim to develop a cross-protecting vaccine, Brucella pan-species conserved rBs were selected...
June 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615518/estrogen-activated-mdm2-disrupts-mammary-tissue-architecture-through-a-p53-independent-pathway
#11
Nandini Kundu, Angelika Brekman, Jun Yeob Kim, Gu Xiao, Chong Gao, Jill Bargonetti
The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data indicate that high MDM2 expression correlates with all subtypes of breast cancer. Overexpression of MDM2 drives breast oncogenesis in the presence of wild-type or mutant p53 (mtp53). Importantly, estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) breast cancers overexpress MDM2 and estrogen mediates this expression. We previously demonstrated that this estrogen-MDM2 axis activates the proliferation of breast cancer cell lines T47D (mtp53 L194F) and MCF7 (wild-type p53) in a manner independent of increased degradation of wild-type p53 (ie, p53-independently)...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608043/a-mathematical-model-of-cell-cycle-dysregulation-due-to-human-papillomavirus-infection
#12
Anna K Miller, Karl Munger, Frederick R Adler
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) that infect mucosal epithelium can be classified as high risk or low risk based on their propensity to cause lesions that can undergo malignant progression. HPVs produce the E7 protein that binds to cell cycle regulatory proteins including the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB) to modulate cell cycle control. Generally, high-risk HPV E7 proteins bind to RB with a higher affinity than low-risk HPV E7s, but both are able to deactivate RB and trigger S phase progression...
June 12, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606997/hpv-e7-induces-chemotherapy-mediated-tumor-suppression-by-ceramide-dependent-mitophagy
#13
Raquela J Thomas, Natalia Oleinik, Shanmugam Panneer Selvam, Silvia G Vaena, Mohammed Dany, Rose N Nganga, Ryan Depalma, Kyla D Baron, Jisun Kim, Zdzislaw M Szulc, Besim Ogretmen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is linked to improved survival in response to chemo-radiotherapy for patients with oropharynx head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, mechanisms involved in increased HNSCC cell death by HPV signaling in response to therapy are largely unknown. Here, using molecular, pharmacologic and genetic tools, we show that HPV early protein 7 (E7) enhances ceramide-mediated lethal mitophagy in response to chemotherapy-induced cellular stress in HPV-positive HNSCC cells by selectively targeting retinoblastoma protein (RB)...
June 12, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586754/enantiomerically-pure-%C3%AE-dipeptide-derivative-induces-anticancer-activity-against-human-hormone-refractory-prostate-cancer-through-both-pi3k-akt-dependent-and-independent-pathways
#14
Mei-Ling Chan, Chia-Chun Yu, Jui-Ling Hsu, Wohn-Jenn Leu, She-Hung Chan, Lih-Ching Hsu, Shih-Ping Liu, Polina M Ivantcova, Özdemir Dogan, Stefan Bräse, Konstantin V Kudryavtsev, Jih-Hwa Guh
The use of peptides that target cancer cells and induce anticancer activities through various mechanisms is developing as a potential anticancer strategy. KUD983, an enantiomerically pure β-dipeptide derivative, displays potent activity against hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) PC-3 and DU145 cells with submicromolar IC50. KUD983 induced G1 arrest of the cell cycle and subsequent apoptosis associated with down-regulation of several related proteins including cyclin D1, cyclin E and Cdk4, and the de-phosphorylation of RB...
May 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575859/dietary-fat-cholesterol-sensitive-pkc%C3%AE-rb-signaling-potential-role-in-nash-hcc-axis
#15
Wei Huang, Devina Mehta, Said Sif, Lindsey N Kent, Samson T Jacob, Kalpana Ghoshal, Kamal D Mehta
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequent form of cancer with a poor prognosis, and environmental factors significantly contribute to the risk. Despite knowledge that a Western-style diet is a risk factor in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and subsequent progression to HCC, diet-induced signaling changes are not well understood. Understanding molecular mechanisms altered by diet is crucial for developing preventive and therapeutic strategies. We have previously shown that diets enriched with high-fat and high-cholesterol, shown to produce NASH and HCC, induce hepatic protein kinase C beta (PKCβ) expression in mice, and a systemic loss of PKCβ promotes hepatic cholesterol accumulation in response to this diet...
May 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569158/leptin-differentially-regulates-chondrogenesis-in-mouse-vertebral-and-tibial-growth-plates
#16
Bo Yu, Kaibiao Jiang, Bin Chen, Hantao Wang, Xinfeng Li, Zude Liu
BACKGROUND: Leptin plays an important role in mediating chondrogenesis of limb growth plate. Previous studies suggest that bone structures and development of spine and limb are different. The expression of Ob-Rb, the gene that encodes leptin receptors, is vertebral and appendicular region-specific, suggesting the regulation of leptin on VGP and TGP chondrogenesis may be very different. The aim of the present study was to investigate the differential regulation of leptin on the chondrogenesis of vertebral growth plate (VGP) and tibial growth plate (TGP)...
May 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551632/the-prognostic-value-of-the-immunohistochemical-expression-of-phosphorylated-rb-and-p16-proteins-in-association-with-cyclin-d1-and-the-p53-pathway-in-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-treated-with-taxane-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#17
Theofani Gavressea, Konstantine T Kalogeras, Georgia-Angeliki Koliou, Flora Zagouri, Georgios Lazaridis, Helen Gogas, Kostas Tsigaridas, Angelos Koutras, Kalliopi Petraki, Christos Markopoulos, Elissavet Pazarli, Gerasimos Aravantinos, Christos Papadimitriou, Pavlos Papakostas, Nektarios Koufopoulos, Charisios Karanikiotis, Sofia Chrisafi, Haralambos P Kalofonos, Dimitrios Pectasides, George Fountzilas, Kitty Pavlakis
BACKGROUND: The retinoblastoma (RB) gene is a tumor-suppressor gene that plays a central role in regulating the cell cycle. Inactivation of this gene is involved in breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 827 patients with breast cancer treated with taxane-based adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the study. Protein expression of RB, phosphorylated RB (pRB), p16, cyclin D1 and p53 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Neither of the retinoblastoma markers (RB and pRB) reached statistical significance in terms of their association with disease-free or overall survival...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550162/rb-family-proteins-enforce-the-homeostasis-of-quiescent-hematopoietic-stem-cells-by-repressing-socs3-expression
#18
Eunsun Kim, Ying Cheng, Elisabeth Bolton-Gillespie, Xiongwei Cai, Connie Ma, Amy Tarangelo, Linh Le, Madhumita Jambhekar, Pichai Raman, Katharina E Hayer, Gerald Wertheim, Nancy A Speck, Wei Tong, Patrick Viatour
Prolonged exit from quiescence by hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) progressively impairs their homeostasis in the bone marrow through an unidentified mechanism. We show that Rb proteins, which are major enforcers of quiescence, maintain HSC homeostasis by positively regulating thrombopoietin (Tpo)-mediated Jak2 signaling. Rb family protein inactivation triggers the progressive E2f-mediated transactivation of Socs3, a potent inhibitor of Jak2 signaling, in cycling HSCs. Aberrant activation of Socs3 impairs Tpo signaling and leads to impaired HSC homeostasis...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547884/lack-of-transgene-and-glyphosate-effects-on-yield-and-mineral-and-amino-acid-content-of-glyphosate-resistant-soybean
#19
Stephen O Duke, Agnes M Rimando, Krishna N Reddy, James V Cizdziel, Nacer Bellaloui, David R Shaw, Martin M Williams, Jude E Maul
BACKGROUND: There has been controversy as to whether the glyphosate resistance gene and/or glyphosate applied to glyphosate-resistant (GR) soybean affect the content of cationic minerals (especially Mg, Mn, and Fe), yield and amino acid content of GR soybean. A two-year field study (2013 and 2014) examined these questions at sites in Mississippi, USA. RESULTS: There were no effects of glyphosate, the GR transgene, or field crop history (for a field with both no history of glyphosate use versus one with a long history of glyphosate use) on grain yield...
May 25, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546131/lipoblasts-in-spindle-cell-and-pleomorphic-lipomas-a-close-scrutiny
#20
Michael Michal, Dmitry V Kazakov, Ladislav Hadravsky, Kvetoslava Michalova, Petr Grossmann, Petr Steiner, Tomas Vanecek, Valentina Renda, Saul Suster, Michal Michal
The presence and frequency of lipoblasts (LPB) in spindle cell lipomas (SCL) and pleomorphic lipomas (PL) has never been studied in detail on histologically, immunohistochemically and molecular genetically validated set of tumors. The authors investigated this feature by reviewing 91 cases of SCL and 38 PL. When more than three unequivocal LPB were found, the case was regarded as positive for the presence of LPB. All positive cases were then stained with CD34 and Retinoblastoma (Rb) protein antibodies and tested by FISH for MDM2 and CDK4 amplifications and the FUS gene rearrangements...
May 22, 2017: Human Pathology
keyword
keyword
85938
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"