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Asheesh Dora Ghanpur, Dipak Ranjan Nayak, Kiran Chawla, V Shashidhar, Rohit Singh
Introduction: Acute Otitis Externa (AOE) is also known as swimmer's ear. Investigations initiated during World War II firmly established the role of bacteria in the aetiology of Acute Otitis Externa. Aim: To culture the microbiological flora of the normal ear and compare it with the flora causing AOE and to know the role of normal ear canal flora and anaerobes in the aetiology. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted on 64 patients clinically diagnosed with unilateral AOE...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
B L Shrestha, I Shrestha, R C M Amatya, A Dhakal
To compare the efficacy of treatment between steroid-antibiotic and 10% Ichthammol glycerine packs (IG packs) in acute otitis externa. A prospective, randomized clinical trial between steroid-antibiotic and 10% IG pack which was performed in department of ENT-HNS, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel from July 2009 to December 2009 on 82 patients. Pain was assessed by Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and edema was assessed by dividing the external auditory canal in four quadrant giving score of 25% for each on the day of presentation and subsequent visits till tragal tenderness and edema subsided...
October 2010: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Prakash Adhikari, Rishi Bhatta, Sukmit Bhandari, Manita Pyakurel Bhatta
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out with the objective of comparing clinical efficacy of 10% ichthammol glycerine (IG) pack with steroid-antibiotic pack for relieving pain in cases of acute otitis externa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective quasi-randomized clinical trial was completely carried out in 65 patients at Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, TU Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu. Patients of less or equal to 12 years of age and both gender presenting in our outpatient department from October 2008 to December 2009 and diagnosed to have acute otitis externa was evaluated...
April 2011: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Joanna Wallengren
Herbs and minerals have been used in clinical dermatology for hundreds of years and herbal ingredients are becoming increasingly popular with the public in treatment of various dermatological conditions characterised by inflammation and pruritus. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of traditional topical therapeutic agents with a moderate potency topical glucocorticoid on experimental contact dermatitis and contact urticaria. The effects of ichthammol 10% pet, zinc oxide 20% pet, camphor 20% pet, levomenthol 10% pet, tea tree oil 20 or 50% and clobetason butyrate 0...
July 2011: Archives of Dermatological Research
Alan S Boyd
Scientific research has greatly expanded the therapeutic options for patients with cutaneous disease. This expansion, however, has not been without its drawbacks. While newer medications and procedures not only typically offer better disease control but they are also often associated with increased expense and problematic toxicities. Older medications often relegated to the dustbin of history may provide effective treatment of common dermatologic maladies and deserves reconsideration. Ichthammol, derived from shale oil, has been employed in the therapy of psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, leg ulcers, seborrheic dermatitis, and furuncles for over a century and remains a useful topical medicament...
July 2010: International Journal of Dermatology
P J Clamp
OBJECTIVE: To determine the expansile and absorptive properties of the expandable ear wick when tested with commonly prescribed ear drop preparations. DESIGN: This in vitro study assessed wick expansion and absorption of drops when different ear drop preparations were applied. Nine commonly used ear drop preparations were tested (Gentisone HC, Sofradex, Otomize, Betnesol, Exocin, Canesten, Locorten-Vioform, EarCalm and ichthammol glycerin) with a standard expandable ear wick...
July 2008: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Ajmal Masood, Ioannis Moumoulidis, Shalina Ray, Om Chawla, Jaan Panesar
Acute otitis externa is a common clinical condition accounting for a large proportion of patients attending the otolaryngology department, although milder cases are often managed in primary care. Treatment of the most severe forms of otitis externa involves aural toilet, followed by the application of a topical preparation, commonly in the form of an ear canal dressing. A prospective single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the efficacy of 10% glycerine-ichthammol (GI) solution and Triadcortyl (TAC) ointment, both applied as ear canal dressings, in the initial management of severe acute otitis externa...
August 2008: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Namrata S Anavekar, Richard Williams, Alvin H Chong
A 36-year-old man presented with a non-pruritic, erythematous facial rash with peri-oral and peri-orbital sparing. The initial clinicopathological diagnosis was rosacea fulminans, which was treated with 25 mg oral prednisolone and cephalexin. The patient re-presented 1 week later with exacerbation of his rash in addition to constitutional symptoms of fever and malaise. A further skin biopsy was taken and the marked neutrophilic infiltrate in the absence of vasculitis made the diagnosis of Sweet's syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis)...
February 2007: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
D Jirová, K Kejlová, H Bendová, D Ditrichová, M Mezulániková
Bituminous tars (Ichthammol and Ichthyol Pale) are widely used in pharmaceutical, veterinary and cosmetic industries for their anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-pruritic effects. In contrast to coal tar, no phototoxicity of bituminous tars has been reported in man, although both Ichthammol and Ichthyol Pale exhibit UV absorption which is higher and broader for the former. The validated 3T3 NRU phototoxicity test indicated phototoxic potential of both substances. The phototoxicity test in a 3D human skin model (EpiDerm) only confirmed phototoxicity for Ichthammol...
October 2005: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Mirjana Bosković, Marija Toskić-Radojicić
BACKGROUND: Application of various technological procedures for the manufacture of officinal preparation ointment against chilblains (Unguentum contra perniones) produce essential variations in the quality and stability of the final product. Changing the sequence of admixing active substances into the ointment base indicated the presence of incompatibility between the active substances, as well as between the active substances and the ointment base components. The aim was to examine the influence of various technological manufacturing procedures on quality and stability of the preparation...
April 2005: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1961: Ceskoslovenská Farmacie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1955: Dansk Tidsskrift for Farmaci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1964: Ceskoslovenská Farmacie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1952: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
G Gayko, W Cholcha, M Kietzmann
Dark sulfonated shale oil (Ichthammol, ammoniumbituminosulfonate) is an active ingredient of natural origin that was included in Annex II of European Council Regulation (EEC) 2377/90. Therefore, this well-tolerated substance is available further on as a dermatological agent for the application to animals from which food is produced for human consumption. The manifold pharmacological actions could be substantiated in numerous in-vitro studies using the Ichthammol from Seefeld, Austria. The antiinflammatory action which is well-known from clinical experience could be traced back to an influence of the substance on the formation, secretion and effect of inflammation mediators...
October 2000: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
E Nilssen, P J Wormald, S Oliver
Glycerol and ichthammol (G & I) has been used for generations by otologists. However, there is a paucity of information on both its mode of action and its anti-bacterial properties. The aim of this paper was to ascertain firstly, what the most common organisms found in discharging ears were and secondly, what antibacterial activity G & I had against these organisms. All ear swabs from 1992-1994 in our unit were reviewed to ascertain the prevalence of the commonly isolated organisms. Fresh isolates of these organisms were collected and plated onto agar with wells of glycerol, ichthammol and a combination of both as used in clinical practice...
April 1996: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
K Ahmed, M L Roberts, P T Mannion
The clinical efficacy of glycerine-ichthammol in otitis externa may be due to an anti-inflammatory action of ichthammol or a dehydrating effect of glycerine on the oedematous ear canal. Its antimicrobial activity, if any, against the common organisms in otitis externa is not well known. A study of the antibacterial property of glycerine-ichthammol as measured by a growth inhibition test and a modified cidal assay, showed inhibition of selected gram positive organisms (Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus) by ichthammol and glycerine-ichthammol combination, but only negligible antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli...
June 1995: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
C M Lawrence, A G Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1981: Contact Dermatitis
E Kownatzki, A Kapp, S Uhrich
Sulfonated shale oils (ammonium bituminosulfonate, ichthammol, Ichthyol), shown previously to induce the directed migration of human neutrophils in Boyden chambers and to inhibit the directed migration towards the chemotactic factors C5a, LTB4, and f-Met-Leu-Phe, were studied for their effect on other neutrophil functions, which are stimulated by chemotactic factors. Like other chemotactic factors ammonium bituminosulfonate increased the adherence of neutrophils to nylon fibers, but it did not induce the release of the primary granule enzyme glucosaminidase from cytochalasin B-treated cells and it did not stimulate the production of oxygen radicals as measured by lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence if studied under nontoxic conditions...
1986: Archives of Dermatological Research
G B Colver, J A Symons, G W Duff
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether serum soluble interleukin 2 receptor concentrations are related to disease activity in atopic eczema. DESIGN: Single cohort longitudinal study with controls. SETTING: Outpatient and general medicine departments in secondary referral centre. PATIENTS: Of 15 patients aged 17-57 with severe atopic eczema, all with acute exacerbations of disease, 13 were admitted to hospital and two treated as outpatients until the skin lesions had resolved or greatly improved...
May 27, 1989: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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