keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ventilator mode

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926488/potential-acceptability-of-a-pediatric-ventilator-management-computer-protocol
#1
Katherine A Sward, Christopher J L Newth, Robinder G Khemani, Kent Page, Kathleen L Meert, Joseph A Carcillo, Thomas P Shanley, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Heidi J Dalton, David L Wessel, John T Berger, Robert A Berg, Rick E Harrison, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Richard Holobkov, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: To examine issues regarding the granularity (size/scale) and potential acceptability of recommendations in a ventilator management protocol for children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Survey/questionnaire. SETTING: The eight PICUs in the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-two physicians (attendings and fellows). INTERVENTIONS: None...
September 16, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918667/poor-outcomes-among-elderly-patients-hospitalized-for-influenza-like-illness
#2
Mine Durusa Tanriover, Tülay Bagci Bosi, Lale Ozisik, Emre Bilgin, Özlem Güzel Tunçcan, Özge Özgen, Necla Tülek, Metin Özsoy, Hasan Tezer, Tugba Bedir Demirdağ, Ates Kara, Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Kubra Aykac, Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Belgin Gulhan, Serhat Unal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network is a worldwide initiative that aims to document the burden of influenza infections among acute admissions and the vaccine effectiveness in particular countries. As a partner of this platform, we aimed to determine the frequency of influenza infections among acute admissions with influenza like illness and the outcomes of the enrolled patients during the 2015-2016 influenza season in selected hospitals in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators screened the hospital admission registries, chart review or available records, and screened all patients hospitalized in the previous 24-48 hours or overnight in the predefined wards or emergency room...
September 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918395/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#3
Daniel Klotz, Hendryk Schneider, Stefan Schumann, Benjamin Mayer, Hans Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) has recently been described as a novel mode of respiratory support for premature infants. This study was designed to determine whether nHFOV decreases CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) in premature infants more effectively than non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). DESIGN: Non-blinded prospective randomised controlled cross-over study. SETTING: University Medical Center tertiary neonatal intensive care unit...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918201/clinical-management-of-pressure-control-ventilation-an-algorithmic-method-of-patient-ventilatory-management-to-address-forgotten-but-important-variables
#4
Lonny Ashworth, Yasuhiro Norisue, Megan Koster, Jeff Anderson, Junko Takada, Hatsuyo Ebisu
Pressure controlled ventilation is a common mode of ventilation used to manage both adult and pediatric populations. However, there is very little evidence that distinguishes the efficacy of pressure controlled ventilation over that of volume controlled ventilation in the adult population. This gap in the literature may be due to the absence of a consistent and systematic algorithm for managing pressure controlled ventilation. This article provides a brief overview of the applications of both pressure controlled ventilation and volume controlled ventilation and proposes an algorithmic approach to the management of patients receiving pressure controlled ventilation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914623/prevalence-and-prognosis-impact-of-patient-ventilator-asynchrony-in-early-phase-of-weaning-according-to-two-detection-methods
#5
Camille Rolland-Debord, Côme Bureau, Tymothee Poitou, Lisa Belin, Marc Clavel, Sébastien Perbet, Nicolas Terzi, Achille Kouatchet, Thomas Similowski, Alexandre Demoule
BACKGROUND: Patient-ventilator asynchrony is associated with a poorer outcome. The prevalence and severity of asynchrony during the early phase of weaning has never been specifically described. The authors' first aim was to evaluate the prognosis impact and the factors associated with asynchrony. Their second aim was to compare the prevalence of asynchrony according to two methods of detection: a visual inspection of signals and a computerized method integrating electromyographic activity of the diaphragm...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913862/the-effect-of-neuromuscular-blockade-on-the-efficiency-of-facemask-ventilation-in-patients-difficult-to-facemask-ventilate-a-prospective-trial
#6
S Soltész, P Alm, A Mathes, M Hellmich, J Hinkelbein
Facemask ventilation of the lungs can be an important rescue intervention in a 'cannot intubate' scenario. We assessed the effect of neuromuscular blockade on expiratory tidal volumes in patients with expected difficulty in mask ventilation. The lungs of patients with at least three predictors of difficulty in mask ventilation were ventilated using a facemask held with two hands, with mechanical ventilation set in a pressure-controlled mode. Tidal volumes were recorded before and after the establishment of complete neuromuscular block...
September 14, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910911/-experience-in-exploring-clinical-indications-of-some-special-noninvasive-ventilation-modes
#7
J Gao, X L Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904810/nasal-high-flow-treatment-in-preterm-infants
#8
REVIEW
Calum T Roberts, Kate A Hodgson
Nasal High Flow (HF) is a mode of 'non-invasive' respiratory support for preterm infants, with several potential modes of action, including generation of distending airway pressure, washout of the nasopharyngeal dead space, reduction of work of breathing, and heating and humidification of inspired gas. HF has several potential advantages over continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the most commonly applied form of non-invasive support, such as reduced nasal trauma, ease of use, and infant comfort, which has led to its rapid adoption into neonatal care...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901229/intraoperative-high-frequency-jet-ventilation-is-equivalent-to-conventional-ventilation-during-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ligation
#9
Mackenzie Noonan, Joseph W Turek, John M Dagle, Steven J McElroy
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment is typically pharmacologic, but if unsuccessful, surgical ligation is commonly performed. High-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) is used at the University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital for extremely low birth weight infants. Historically, neonates requiring PDA ligation were temporarily transferred to conventional ventilation (CV) prior to surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether conversion was necessary...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900720/respiration-related-cerebral-blood-flow-variability-increases-during-control-mode-non-invasive-ventilation-in-normovolemia-and-hypovolemia
#10
Maria Skytioti, Signe Søvik, Maja Elstad
PURPOSE: Increased variability in cerebral blood flow (CBF) predisposes to adverse cerebrovascular events. Oscillations in arterial blood pressure and PaCO2 induce CBF variability. Less is known about how heart rate (HR) variability affects CBF. We experimentally reduced respiration-induced HR variability in healthy subjects, hypothesizing that CBF variability would increase. METHODS: Internal carotid artery (ICA) blood velocity was recorded by Doppler ultrasound in ten healthy subjects during baseline, control-mode, non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV), i...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886787/evaluation-of-intensive-care-unit-ventilators-at-altitude
#11
Thomas Blakeman, Dario Rodriquez, Michael Petro, Richard Branson
INTRODUCTION: Devices may forgo US military air worthiness and safety testing in an attempt to expedite the availability of critical assets such as mechanical ventilators with a waiver for one-time use in extenuating circumstances. METHODS: We evaluated two Intensive Care Unit (ICU) level ventilators: Drager Evita XL and Puritan Bennett (PB) 840 in an altitude chamber at sea level and altitudes of 8,000 and 16,000 feet. RESULTS: Altitude affected delivered tidal volumes (VTs) in volume control mode (VCV) and Pressure Regulated Volume Controlled (PRVC) mode at altitude with the Evita XL but the differences were not considered clinically important with the PB 840...
September 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882178/differential-lung-ventilation-via-tracheostomy-using-two-endotracheal-tubes-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#12
Demet Demirkol, Yasemin Ataman, Gökhan Gündoğdu
BACKGROUND: This case report presents differential lung ventilation in an infant. The aim is to define an alternative technique for performing differential lung ventilation in children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this kind. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4.2-kg, 2.5-month-old Asian boy was referred to our facility with refractory hypoxemia and hypercarbia due to asymmetric lung disease with atelectasis of the left lung and hyperinflation of the right lung...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881101/nasal-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-impairs-heated-humidification-a-neonatal-bench-study
#13
Tim L Ullrich, Christoph Czernik, Christoph Bührer, Gerd Schmalisch, Hendrik S Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) is a novel mode of non-invasive ventilation used in neonates. However, upper airway obstructions due to viscous secretions have been described as specific adverse effects. We hypothesized that high-frequency oscillations reduce air humidity in the oropharynx, resulting in upper airway desiccation. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of nHFOV ventilatory settings on oropharyngeal gas conditions. METHODS: NHFOV or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) was applied, along with heated humidification, to a previously established neonatal bench model that simulates oropharyngeal gas conditions during spontaneous breathing through an open mouth...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877554/the-role-of-sociodemographic-factors-in-maternal-psychological-distress-and-mother-preterm-infant-interactions
#14
Kaboni W Gondwe, Rosemary White-Traut, Debra Brandon, Wei Pan, Diane Holditch-Davis
Preterm birth has been associated with greater psychological distress and less positive mother infant interactions than were experienced by mothers of full-term infants. Maternal and infant sociodemographic factors have also shown a strong association with psychological distress and the mother-infant relationship. However, findings on their effects over time are limited. In this longitudinal analysis, we explored the relationship of maternal and infant sociodemographic variables (maternal age, maternal education, marital status, being on social assistance, maternal race, infant birth weight, and infant gender) to maternal psychological distress (depressive, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, parenting stress symptoms, and maternal worry about child's health) through 12 months corrected age for prematurity, and on the home environment, and mother-infant interactions through 6 months corrected age for prematurity...
September 6, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876693/continuation-of-feeds-in-the-unstable-burns-patient
#15
A L Rooi, A Muganza, E A Ndobe, M Nel
BACKGROUND: Early enteral nutrition (EEN) and the continuation of enteral nutrition (EN) are critical factors in burn patients, who typically have higher nutritional needs due to their post-injury hypercatabolic state and their additional need for nutrients to aid in the healing of wounds and skin grafts. In the critically ill patient, EN is the preferred mode of administration; however, controversy exists regarding the concomitant use of EN and intravenous vasopressor agents in the haemodynamically unstable patient...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856111/adaptive-support-ventilation-reduces-the-incidence-of-atelectasis-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Seyed Tayeb Moradian, Yaser Saeid, Abbas Ebadi, Ali Hemmat, Mohammad Saeid Ghiasi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications are common following cardiac surgery and can lead to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Atelectasis is the most common respiratory complication following cardiac surgery. One of the most important methods for reducing pulmonary complications is supportive care with protective ventilation strategies. In this study, we aimed to assess the effect of adaptive support ventilation (ASV) on atelectasis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839496/use-of-nasal-non-invasive-ventilation-with-a-ram-cannula-in-the-outpatient-home-setting
#17
Wilfredo De Jesus Rojas, Cheryl L Samuels, Traci R Gonzales, Katrina E McBeth, Aravind Yadav, James M Stark, Cindy Jon, Ricardo A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Nasal non-invasive-ventilation (Nasal NIV) is a mode of ventilatory support providing positive pressure to patients via a nasal interface. The RAM Cannula is an oxygen delivery device that can be used as an alternative approach to deliver positive pressure. Together they have been successfully used to provide respiratory support in neonatal in-patient settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outpatient use of Nasal NIV/RAM Cannula as a feasible alternative for home respiratory support in children with chronic respiratory failure...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834910/application-of-different-ventilator-modes-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-according-to-certain-clinical-situations-a-case-report
#18
Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disease that involves limb, axial, bulbar, and respiratory muscles. Fatigue and weakness of the respiratory muscles eventually induce respiratory insufficiency, which is one of the main causes of death in patients with ALS. In ALS patients with respiratory insufficiency, application of a ventilator is indispensable. Although there are various modes of ventilation, these modes are classified roughly into volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV)...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825873/an-intelligent-ffr-with-a-self-adjustable-ventilation-fan
#19
Song Zhou, Hui Li, Shengnan Shen, Siyu Li, Wei Wang, Xiaotie Zhang, James Yang
This paper presents an intelligent Filtering Facepiece Respirator (FFR) with a self-adjustable ventilation fan for improved comfort. The ventilation fan with an intelligent control aims to reduce temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 concentrations inside the facepiece. Compared with a previous version of the FFR, the advantage of this new FFR is the intelligent control of the fan's rotation speed based on the change in temperature and relative humidity in the FFR deadspace. The design of the control system utilizes an 8-bit, ultra-low power STC15W404AS microcontroller (HongJin technology, Shenzhen, China), and adopts a high-precision AM2320 device (AoSong electronic, Guangzhou, China) as temperature and relative humidity sensor so that control of temperature and relative humidity is realized in real time within the FFR deadspace...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822739/experimental-characterization-and-model-identification-of-the-nonlinear-compressible-material-behavior-of-lung-parenchyma
#20
Anna M Birzle, Christian Martin, Lena Yoshihara, Stefan Uhlig, Wolfgang A Wall
The mechanical properties of lung parenchyma are essential both in lung function and biology; consequently, experimental methods are developed to describe the mechanical behavior of lung parenchyma. During breathing and mechanical ventilation, volume change is the physiologically dominating deformation mode of lung parenchyma; nevertheless, most studies examine lung tissue in mainly isochoric tension tests. In this paper, a novel experimental method for the quantification of the compressible material behavior at high volume changes of viable lung parenchyma is proposed...
August 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
keyword
keyword
85929
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"