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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550803/discourse-in-action-parents-use-of-medical-and-social-models-to-resist-disability-stigma
#1
Bianca Manago, Jenny L Davis, Carla Goar
For parents of children with disabilities, stigmatization is part of everyday life. To resist the negative social and emotional consequences of stigma, parents both challenge and deflect social devaluations. Challenges work to upend the stigmatizing structure, while deflections maintain the interaction order. We examine how parents of children with disabilities deploy deflections and challenges, and how their stigma resistance strategies combine with available models of disability discourse. Disability discourse falls into two broad categories: medical and social...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550792/social-stress-contagion-in-rats-behavioural-autonomic-and-neuroendocrine-correlates
#2
Luca Carnevali, Nicola Montano, Rosario Statello, Gino Coudé, Federica Vacondio, Silvia Rivara, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Andrea Sgoifo
The negative emotional consequences associated with life stress exposure in an individual can affect the emotional state of social partners. In this study, we describe an experimental rat model of social stress contagion and its effects on social behaviour and cardiac autonomic and neuroendocrine functions. Adult male Wistar rats were pair-housed and one animal (designated as "demonstrator" (DEM)) was submitted to either social defeat stress (STR) by an aggressive male Wild-type rat in a separate room or just exposed to an unfamiliar empty cage (control condition, CTR), once a day for 4 consecutive days...
May 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550007/associations-between-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-nonresponsive-feeding-styles-and-practices-in-mothers-of-young-children-a-systematic-review
#3
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Tatiana Mesa, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem due to increasing rates worldwide. Growing evidence suggests that nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices are important influences on children's eating behaviors and weight status, especially during early childhood. Therefore, understanding parental factors that may influence nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices is significant for the development of interventions to prevent childhood obesity...
May 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549761/positive-and-negative-emotional-eating-have-different-associations-with-overeating-and-binge-eating-construction-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-emotional-eating-scale
#4
Hedvig Sultson, Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549759/-smile-away-your-cravings-facial-feedback-modulates-cue-induced-food-cravings
#5
Jennifer Schmidt, Alexandra Martin
Food cravings are common experiences that precede dysfunctional eating behaviors, such as overeating and binge eating. These cravings are often related to negative affect, especially in emotional eaters. Recent studies have revived interest in a theory on the implicit modulation of affect: the facial feedback-hypothesis. This theory claims that mimic expressions influence affective experiences. Given the association between negative affect and food craving, facial feedback could provide a means to reduce or prevent food cravings...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548564/eating-habits-and-food-additive-intakes-are-associated-with-emotional-states-based-on-eeg-and-hrv-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#6
Jin Young Kim, Hye Lim Kang, Dae-Keun Kim, Seung Wan Kang, Yoo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Recent study suggests that psychological issues and eating habits are closely related. In this study, we aimed to find the association between eating habits and intakes of artificial sweeteners with emotional states of schoolchildren using quantitatively analyzing objective biosignals. METHODS: The study was conducted at the National Standard Reference Data Center for Korean EEG as a cross-sectional study. Three hundred eighteen healthy children who have not been diagnosed with neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (168 girls and 150 boys; mean age of 11...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547746/the-support-needs-of-parents-having-a-child-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#7
W W Geense, B G I van Gaal, J L Knoll, E A M Cornelissen, T van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with a chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a crucial role in the management of their child's disease. The burden on parents is high: they are often exhausted, depressed and experience high levels of stress and a low quality of life, which could have a negative impact on their child's health outcomes. Support aiming at preventing and reducing parental stress is essential. Therefore, it is necessary to have insight in the problems and support needs among these parents...
May 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547408/predictors-of-parent-teacher-agreement-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-typically-developing-siblings
#8
Elizabeth A Stratis, Luc Lecavalier
This study evaluated the magnitude of informant agreement and predictors of agreement on behavior and emotional problems and autism symptoms in 403 children with autism and their typically developing siblings. Parent-teacher agreement was investigated on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Agreement between parents and teachers fell in the low to moderate range. Multiple demographic and clinical variables were considered as predictors, and only some measures of parent broad autism traits were associated with informant agreement...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546741/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-is-associated-with-negatively-variable-impacts-on-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-evidence-from-short-form-36-questionnaire-and-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xulin Wang, Haoyang Chen, Biyu Shen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to systematically review the literature to identify the impact of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) on specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) domains. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed, and the related articles were searched in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biology Medicine, and Web of Science databases and in reference lists of articles and systematic reviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546059/inflammation-and-attentional-bias-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Chloe C Boyle, Patricia A Ganz, Kathleen M Van Dyk, Julienne E Bower
Evidence suggests an association between inflammation and depression, although findings are mixed. Focusing on core processes in depression may clarify associated biological underpinnings. Negative cognitive bias is a key component of depression, but has not been examined in relation to inflammation. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that elevated inflammatory markers would be associated with negative attentional bias in a sample of 91 breast cancer survivors. Participants were drawn from a larger study and provided blood samples for assessment of peripheral markers of inflammation and completed questionnaires and neuropsychological testing...
May 22, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#11
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545802/attitudes-towards-disorders-of-sex-development-nomenclature-among-affected-individuals
#12
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Diane Chen, Elizabeth B Yerkes, Mary Beth Madonna, Jane L Holl, Arlene B Baratz, Georgiann Davis, Earl Y Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Although now commonly used in medicine, the updated "disorders of sex development" (DSD) nomenclature formally introduced in 2006 has never been universally accepted by members of the affected community, particularly advocacy groups. Use of this nomenclature by medical professionals may unintentionally negatively affect access to healthcare and research for individuals with DSD conditions. OBJECTIVE: Among individuals affected by various DSD diagnoses, this study sought to (1) evaluate attitudes towards potentially controversial DSD terminology, (2) determine potential impact of terminology on how affected individuals access healthcare, and (3) explore alternate terms...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545787/youth-secrets-are-associated-with-poorer-sleep-and-asthma-symptoms-via-negative-affect
#13
Ledina Imami, Samuele Zilioli, Erin T Tobin, Daniel J Saleh, Heidi S Kane, Richard B Slatcher
OBJECTIVE: Among older children and adolescents, keeping secrets from parents is consistently associated with lower levels of psychological well-being. Further, concealing one's thoughts and emotions has been associated with poor physical health outcomes in adults. However, it remains an open question whether secret-keeping is associated with poorer health and health-related behaviors (such as sleep) among youth and, if those hypothesized links exist, what the psychological mechanisms might be...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545429/awareness-knowledge-perceptions-and-attitudes-towards-genetic-testing-for-cancer-risk-among-ethnic-minority-groups-a-systematic-review
#14
Katie E J Hann, Madeleine Freeman, Lindsay Fraser, Jo Waller, Saskia C Sanderson, Belinda Rahman, Lucy Side, Sue Gessler, Anne Lanceley
BACKGROUND: Genetic testing for risk of hereditary cancer can help patients to make important decisions about prevention or early detection. US and UK studies show that people from ethnic minority groups are less likely to receive genetic testing. It is important to understand various groups' awareness of genetic testing and its acceptability to avoid further disparities in health care. This review aims to identify and detail awareness, knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards genetic counselling/testing for cancer risk prediction in ethnic minority groups...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545125/causal-interactions-in-resting-state-networks-predict-perceived-loneliness
#15
Yin Tian, Li Yang, Sifan Chen, Daqing Guo, Zechao Ding, Kin Yip Tam, Dezhong Yao
Loneliness is broadly described as a negative emotional response resulting from the differences between the actual and desired social relations of an individual, which is related to the neural responses in connection with social and emotional stimuli. Prior research has discovered that some neural regions play a role in loneliness. However, little is known about the differences among individuals in loneliness and the relationship of those differences to differences in neural networks. The current study aimed to investigate individual differences in perceived loneliness related to the causal interactions between resting-state networks (RSNs), including the dorsal attentional network (DAN), the ventral attentional network (VAN), the affective network (AfN) and the visual network (VN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544955/associations-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-emotional-symptoms-with-the-subjective-effects-of-alcohol-cigarettes-and-cannabis-in-adolescents
#16
Raina D Pang, Casey R Guillot, Michael J Zvolensky, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Adam M Leventhal
Maladaptive emotional traits (anxiety sensitivity [AS], fear of anxiety-related sensations and consequences) and symptoms (major depressive disorder [MDD] and generalized anxiety disorder [GAD] symptoms) could play a role in altering sensitivity to the subjective effects of drugs of abuse in adolescents. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of high school students in Los Angeles, CA, USA who completed surveys and reported past six-month use of alcohol (n=1054), cigarettes (n=297), or cannabis (n=706). At each of the four semi-annual waves during mid-adolescence (14-16years old), students reported positive and negative subjective drug effects experienced in the prior six-months...
May 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544892/facial-expression-movement-enhances-the-measurement-of-temporal-dynamics-of-attentional-bias-in-the-dot-probe-task
#17
Corrado Caudek, Francesco Ceccarini, Claudio Sica
The facial dot-probe task is one of the most common experimental paradigms used to assess attentional bias toward emotional information. In recent years, however, the psychometric properties of this paradigm have been questioned. In the present study, attentional bias to emotional face stimuli was measured with dynamic and static images of realistic human faces in 97 college students (63 women) who underwent either a positive or a negative mood-induction prior to the experiment. We controlled the bottom-up salience of the stimuli in order to dissociate the top-down orienting of attention from the effects of the bottom-up physical properties of the stimuli...
May 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544868/a-mathematical-model-captures-the-structure-of-subjective-affect
#18
Alison M Mattek, George L Wolford, Paul J Whalen
Although it is possible to observe when another person is having an emotional moment, we also derive information about the affective states of others from what they tell us they are feeling. In an effort to distill the complexity of affective experience, psychologists routinely focus on a simplified subset of subjective rating scales (i.e., dimensions) that capture considerable variability in reported affect: reported valence (i.e., how good or bad?) and reported arousal (e.g., how strong is the emotion you are feeling?)...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544456/the-experience-of-beauty-derived-from-sorrow
#19
Tomohiro Ishizu, Semir Zeki
We studied the neural mechanisms that are engaged during the experience of beauty derived from sorrow and from joy, two experiences that share a common denominator (beauty) but are linked to opposite emotional valences. Twenty subjects viewed and rerated, in a functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner, 120 images which each had classified into the following four categories: beautiful and sad; beautiful and joyful; neutral; ugly. The medial orbito-frontal cortex (mOFC) was active during the experience of both types of beauty...
May 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543793/positive-emotions-in-caring-for-a-spouse-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Tiina Autio, Sari Rissanen
This article aimed at identifying the positive emotions connected to spouse caregiving and the advantages for spouse carers. Theoretically, the article is based on the concept of emotion and the assumptions of positive psychology. Data search is conducted via electronic literature databases and the analysis method is partly theory-driven and partly inductive content classification. Our analyses discover and clarify the concepts associated with positive emotions in caring, such as the gains of caregiving, benefit-finding, finding meaning, personal growth, post-traumatic growth and resilience...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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