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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244908/changes-in-coping-and-social-motives-for-drinking-and-alcohol-consumption-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#1
Kayla M Joyce, Amanda Hudson, Roisin O'Connor, Kara Thompson, Megan Hodgin, Tara Perrot, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use has been reported to fluctuate over women's menstrual cycles (MCs), with increased intake occurring premenstrually/menstrually (phases characterized by heightened negative affect) and during the ovulatory phase (a phase characterized by positive affect). This suggests women may drink for particular emotion-focused reasons at specific points in their cycles. However, no research had yet examined MC variability in drinking motives, or links between cycle-related changes in drinking motives and alcohol consumption...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244734/-i-learned-to-let-go-of-my-pain-the-effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-an-analysis-of-participants-treatment-experience
#2
Danielle Ruskin, Lauren Harris, Jennifer Stinson, Sara Ahola Kohut, Katie Walker, Erinn McCarthy
Chronic pain can lead to significant negative outcomes across many areas of life. Recently, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been identified as potentially effective tools for improved pain management among adolescents living with pain. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents who participated in an eight-week mindfulness group adapted for adolescents with chronic pain (MBI-A), and obtain their feedback and suggestions on group structure and content. A mixed method design was used employing qualitative data from focus groups and data from a satisfaction questionnaire...
December 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#3
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243309/relevance-of-terrorism-for-italian-students-not-directly-exposed-to-it-the-affective-impact-of-the-2015-paris-and-the-2016-brussels-attacks
#4
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Margherita Brondino, Margherita Pasini
Notwithstanding the dramatically increasing frequency of acts of terrorism in Europe and the extent of their media coverage, there is lack of knowledge on people's affective reactions and associated emotion regulation strategies. We explored the affective impact on two cohorts of Italian students (n = 193) possibly exposed vicariously through the mass media to the 2015 Paris or the 2016 Brussels terrorist attacks, respectively. We accessed data from three online questionnaires: one on emotion regulation administered before each attack; one on daily affect administered just before and after each attack; and one on causes of weekly affect and life satisfaction administered at the end of the week in which each attack occurred...
December 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243207/sparing-and-impairing-emotion-modulation-of-the-attentional-blink-and-the-spread-of-sparing-in-a-3-target-rsvp-task
#5
Manuel Petrucci, Anna Pecchinenda
The performance impairment (attentional blink, AB) on a second target (T2) when it is presented within 200-500 ms after a first target (T1) during rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) is typically attributed to resource depletion. The AB does not occur when targets appear in immediate sequence (sparing). Recently, this account has been challenged by findings that the lag 1 sparing can spread to later lags when using a 3-target RSVP. Two experiments using the 3-targets RSVP investigated the relative contribution of resource depletion and attentional enhancement and/or inhibition on the AB and the sparing when T1 (Exp...
December 14, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243052/motivation-and-emotion-predict-medical-students-attention-to-computer-based-feedback
#6
Laura M Naismith, Susanne P Lajoie
Students cannot learn from feedback unless they pay attention to it. This study investigated relationships between the personal factors of achievement goal orientations, achievement emotions, and attention to feedback in BioWorld, a computer environment for learning clinical reasoning. Novice medical students (N = 28) completed questionnaires to measure their achievement goal orientations and then thought aloud while solving three endocrinology patient cases and reviewing corresponding expert solutions. Questionnaires administered after each case measured participants' experiences of five feedback emotions: pride, relief, joy, shame, and anger...
December 14, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243037/expert-opinion-vs-patient-perspective-in-treatment-of%C3%A2-rare%C3%A2-disorders-tooth-removal-in-lesch-nyhan-disease-as%C3%A2-an%C3%A2-example
#7
Adam C Cotton, R B Bell, H A Jinnah
Treatment recommendations for rare disorders often are limited by a lack of data from objective clinical trials. As a result, recommendations are often based on expert opinion. Because expert opinions sometimes conflict, many patients turn to the Internet for guidance from others who may have tried a treatment. The increasing numbers of patients and families who post opinions regarding outcomes allow for systematic data collection regarding specific treatments from the patient perspective. We used social media research methods to determine the opinions of family members or other caregivers regarding permanent removal of teeth for treatment of self-injurious biting (SIB) in patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND), a particularly difficult treatment decision where expert opinion is divided...
December 15, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242920/delivering-bad-news-attitudes-feelings-and-practice-characteristics-among-speech-language-pathologists
#8
Rinat Gold, Azgad Gold
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes, feelings, and practice characteristics of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Israel regarding the subject of delivering bad news. Method: One hundred and seventy-three Israeli SLPs answered an online survey. Respondents represented SLPs in Israel in all stages of vocational experience, with varying academic degrees, from a variety of employment settings. The survey addressed emotions involved in the process of delivering bad news, training on this subject, and background information of the respondents...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242179/individual-differences-in-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-nomophobia-among-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mindfulness
#9
Ibrahim Arpaci, Mustafa Baloğlu, Hatice İrem Özteke Kozan, Şahin Kesici
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in nomophobia, which is defined as the fear of being out of cellular phone contact, or "feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals when they are unable to use their mobile phones or utilize the affordances these devices provide". However, only limited research can be found in terms of its determinants at present. Contemporary literature suggests that the relationships among attachment styles, mindfulness, and nomophobia have not been investigated...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242080/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-mindfulness-for-survivors-of-homicide-and-their-providers
#10
Stephanie Hartwell, Jeroan Allison, Bonita Jones, Rachel Rodrigues, Clementina Chery, Julianna Andrews, Carl Fulwiler
PURPOSE: This study uses participatory research methods with survivors of homicide and their service providers to explore the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally adapted mindfulness intervention for stress reduction and resilience in homicide survivors. PROCEDURES: Our mixed methods approach included: (a) previewing a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program with providers and survivors; (b) using their iterative feedback during focus groups to revise the curriculum; and (c) studying the acceptability of the adapted curriculum for survivors through focus group and standardized data collection...
November 2, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241842/functional-impact-of-congenital-hand-differences-early-results-from-the-congenital-upper-limb-differences-could-registry
#11
Donald S Bae, Maria F Canizares, Patricia E Miller, Peter M Waters, Charles A Goldfarb
PURPOSE: To characterize the functional, emotional, and social impact of congenital upper limb differences on affected children and families before treatment, using validated functional outcome instruments. METHODS: From June 2014 to March 2016, 586 children with congenital upper limb differences from 2 pediatric hospitals were enrolled in the Congenital Upper Limb Differences registry. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data were collected, and diagnoses categorized according to the Oberg-Manske-Tonkin classification...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241650/regional-gray-matter-volume-mediates-the-relationship-between-maternal-emotional-warmth-and-gratitude
#12
Junyi Yang, Dongtao Wei, Kangcheng Wang, Zili Yi, Jiang Qiu
Researchers have examined how parenting behavior influences individuals' brain structure and behavioral development, primarily among people who have experienced maltreatment. However, information relating to the anatomical structure associated with the parenting behavior in young healthy individuals who have not experienced maltreatment is scant. Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality. Both the extent to which parenting behavior influences gratitude and the neural basis of the relationship between parenting behavior and gratitude are unclear...
December 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241526/uncertainty-and-quality-of-life-of-malaysian-women-with-breast-cancer-mediating-role-of-coping-styles-and-mood-states
#13
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ashraf Sadat Ahadzadeh, Harjit Kaur Perdamen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between uncertainty in illness and quality of life, and examine the mediating role of coping strategies and mood states in this relationship among breast cancer patients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 135 Malaysian women with breast cancer completed questionnaires measuring uncertainty in illness, mood states (i.e. anxiety and depression), quality of life, and copying styles. RESULTS: The results showed an inverse correlation between uncertainty and quality of life after controlling for the effects of age, cancer stage and time since diagnosis...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241442/age-differences-in-negative-and-positive-expectancy-bias-in-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Dusanka Tadic, Colin MacLeod, Cindy M Cabeleira, Viviana M Wuthrich, Ronald M Rapee, Romola S Bucks
Anxious individuals report disproportionately negative expectations concerning the future, termed the negative expectancy bias. In contrast, ageing is associated with an inflated expectancy for positive future events. A recent study [Steinman, S. A., Smyth, F. L., Bucks, R. S., MacLeod, C., & Teachman, B. A. (2013). Anxiety-linked expectancy bias across the adult lifespan. Cognition and Emotion, 27, 345-355. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2012.711743 ] found using an interpretation bias task, a negative expectancy bias in young adults and positive expectancy bias in older adults with high trait anxiety...
December 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241286/-humor-in-medicine-the-art-of-leaping-over-the-shadows
#15
Barbara Wild
Humor and laughter are integral parts of human life and communication - and so of course they occur in medical contacts.Humor is defined as a personality based cognitive emotional style of processing situations, characterized by the ability to find positive aspects even in negative situations, and the ability to communicate this point of view to others and to cheer them up. Humor can support healing processes and coping with illness. Humor and jokes reduce anxiety and stress (for patients and doctors). Humorous people have a more realistic, flexible and less fearful behaviour...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240936/grit-illness-related-distress-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-college-students-with-a-chronic-medical-condition-a-path-analysis
#16
Christina M Sharkey, Dana M Bakula, Amanda N Baraldi, Megan N Perez, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
Objective: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for a host of negative psychosocial outcomes, including depressive and anxious symptoms. Although studies have shown that illness appraisals (e.g., illness intrusiveness [II] and illness uncertainty [IU]) demonstrate consistent associations with such outcomes, few studies have examined positive factors that may relate to better psychosocial outcomes and appraisals. The present study evaluated grit (i...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240901/daily-social-interactions-and-the-biological-stress-response-are-there-age-differences-in-links-between-social-interactions-and-alpha-amylase
#17
Kira S Birditt, Lauren A Tighe, Michael R Nevitt, Steven H Zarit
Background and Objectives: According to the strength and vulnerability integration (SAVI) model, older people are better able to avoid negative social interactions than younger people, but when they do experience negative interactions, they are equally or more emotionally and physiologically reactive than younger people. Less is known about the links between daily negative and positive social encounters and the sympathetic adrenal medullary system (a key stress pathway) and whether there are age differences in these links...
December 12, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240899/patient-perceptions-of-receiving-test-results-via-online-portals-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Traber D Giardina, Jessica Baldwin, Daniel T Nystrom, Dean F Sittig, Hardeep Singh
Objective: Online portals provide patients with access to their test results, but it is unknown how patients use these tools to manage results and what information is available to promote understanding. We conducted a mixed-methods study to explore patients' experiences and preferences when accessing their test results via portals. Materials and Methods: We conducted 95 interviews (13 semistructured and 82 structured) with adults who viewed a test result in their portal between April 2015 and September 2016 at 4 large outpatient clinics in Houston, Texas...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239805/australian-heterosexual-women-s-experiences-of-healthcare-provision-following-a-pregnancy-loss
#19
Clemence Due, Kate Obst, Damien W Riggs, Catherine Collins
BACKGROUND: Despite increased awareness of the psychological impact of pregnancy loss, a lack of recognition continues with regards to women's experiences. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in supporting women following a pregnancy loss, yet to date only a relatively small body of research has examined women's experiences with healthcare providers. AIM: This paper seeks to contribute to the literature on women's engagement with healthcare professionals by exploring the experiences of an Australian sample...
November 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#20
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
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