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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822277/the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-reactivity-to-trauma-cues-in-treatment-seeking-adults-with-substance-use-disorders
#1
R Kathryn McHugh, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
BACKGROUND: Exposure to traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs). Although the presence of trauma exposure and/or PTSD among those with SUDs is associated with a range of negative outcomes, much remains to be understood about the factors contributing to these outcomes. Anxiety sensitivity (the tendency to respond fearfully to the signs and symptoms of anxiety) has been linked to greater PTSD symptoms and the use of substances to cope with PTSD symptoms, and is a promising factor for understanding the negative outcomes associated with co-occurring PTSD and SUDs...
July 31, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822059/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hypoparathyroidism-receiving-standard-treatment-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Matthias Büttner, Thomas J Musholt, Susanne Singer
PURPOSE: Hypoparathyroidism is a rare endocrine disorder for which replacement therapy of the missing parathyroid hormone is not the standard therapeutic option. Current standard treatment consists of calcium and vitamin D supplementation. The intake of calcium and vitamin D supplementation can lead to complications and therefore might negatively influence patients' quality of life. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to assess the current knowledge on the influence of hypoparathyroidism on patients' quality of life...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821880/vocal-expression-of-emotional-valence-in-przewalski-s-horses-equus-przewalskii
#3
Anne-Laure Maigrot, Edna Hillmann, Callista Anne, Elodie F Briefer
Vocal expression of emotions has been suggested to be conserved throughout evolution. However, since vocal indicators of emotions have never been compared between closely related species using similar methods, it remains unclear whether this is the case. Here, we investigated vocal indicators of emotional valence (negative versus positive) in Przewalski's horses, in order to find out if expression of valence is similar between species and notably among Equidae through a comparison with previous results obtained in domestic horse whinnies...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821755/effects-of-emotional-valence-on-sense-of-agency-require-a-predictive-model
#4
Michiko Yoshie, Patrick Haggard
Sense of agency (SoA), a feeling that one's voluntary actions produce events in the external world, is a key factor behind every goal-directed human behaviour. Recent studies have demonstrated that SoA is reduced when one's voluntary action causes negative outcomes, compared to when it causes positive outcomes. It is yet unclear whether this emotional modulation of SoA is caused by predicting the outcome valence (prediction hypothesis) or by retrospectively interpreting the outcome (postdiction hypothesis)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820670/a-retrospective-look-at-the-experience-of-parental-incarceration-and-family-reentry-during-adolescence
#5
Carrie Jefferson Smith, Diane S Young
Few studies provide firsthand experiences of parental incarceration in adolescents' own voices. Fourteen young men and women retrospectively shared their experiences of parental incarceration and family reentry during adolescence. Individual interviews focused on the following qualitative research questions: (1) What is the experience of parental incarceration and reentry for adolescents? (2) How does the child-parent relationship change from pre- to postincarceration? Relationships with incarcerated parents tended toward estrangement...
August 18, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#6
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818000/exploring-the-relation-between-visual-mental-imagery-and-affect-in-the-daily-life-of-previously-depressed-and-never-depressed-individuals
#7
Christien Slofstra, Maaike H Nauta, Emily A Holmes, Elisabeth H Bos, Marieke Wichers, Nikolaos Batalas, Nicola S Klein, Claudi L H Bockting
Previously depressed individuals experience disturbances in affect. Affective disturbances may be related to visual mental imagery, given that imagery-based processing of emotional stimuli causes stronger affective responses than verbal processing in experimental laboratory studies. However, the role of imagery-based processing in everyday life is unknown. This study assessed mental imagery in the daily life of previously and never depressed individuals. Higher levels of visual mental imagery was hypothesised to be associated with more affective reactivity to both negatively and positively valenced mental representations...
August 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817964/understanding-coping-strategies-among-people-living-with-scleroderma-a-focus-group-study
#8
Stephanie T Gumuchian, Sandra Peláez, Vanessa C Delisle, Marie-Eve Carrier, Lisa R Jewett, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fortune, Marie Hudson, Annett Körner, Linda Kwakkenbos, Susan J Bartlett, Brett D Thombs
PURPOSE: Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is a chronic, rare connective tissue disease with negative physical and psychological implications. Coping strategies used by scleroderma patients have not been studied in-depth. The objective of the present study was to gain a greater understanding of the coping strategies employed by people living with scleroderma. METHOD: Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 22 people with scleroderma...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817959/a-health-behavior-prediction-model-for-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Jiyoung Kim, Oksoo Kim
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among functional status, hostility, social support, illness perceptions, and health behaviors in patients with coronary artery disease using structural equation modeling. Participants comprised 215 patients with coronary artery disease who had received percutaneous coronary artery intervention or a coronary artery bypass graft in two general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Using structured interviews with questionnaires, data accrued from July to August, 2015...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816911/resilience-in-adolescents-with-cancer-association-of-coping-with-positive-and-negative-affect
#10
Lexa K Murphy, Alexandra H Bettis, Meredith A Gruhn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective association between adolescents' coping with cancer-related stress and observed positive and negative affect during a mother-adolescent interaction task involving discussion of cancer-related stressors. METHODS: Adolescents (age 10-15 years) self-reported about their coping and affect approximately 2 months after cancer diagnosis. Approximately 3 months later, adolescents and mothers were video recorded having a discussion about cancer, and adolescents were coded for expression of positive affect (positive mood) and negative affect (sadness and anxiety)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816370/does-depression-decrease-the-moderating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-relationship-between-illness-perception-and-fear-of-progression-in-breast-cancer
#11
Eun-Jung Shim, Jong Won Lee, Yul Ha Min
OBJECTIVE: Fear of progression (FOP) is a prevalent concern among breast cancer patients that affect their adjustment to disease. This study examined whether self-efficacy moderates the effect of illness perception (IP) on FOP and whether the moderating effect of self-efficacy depends on the level of depressive symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including brief illness perception questionnaire (BIPQ), FOP short form, general self-efficacy scale, and the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale were administered to 245 patients with breast cancer in Korea...
August 17, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815835/patient-education-materials-assessment-tool-for-laryngectomy-health-information
#12
Kevin Wong, Amir Gilad, Michael B Cohen, Diana N Kirke, Scharukh M Jalisi
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo laryngectomy carries medical, social, and emotional consequences. This study evaluates the understandability and actionability of current laryngectomy information. METHODS: Laryngectomy-related educational materials from an online search were evaluated using the validated Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT). Reading difficulty was calculated using the Flesch-Kincaid Level, Flesch Reading Ease, Gunning-Fog Index (GFI), Coleman-Liau Index, Automated Readability Index, and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) score...
August 16, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814471/novelty-and-fear-conditioning-induced-gene-expression-in-high-and-low-states-of-anxiety
#13
Melanie P Donley, Jeffrey B Rosen
Emotional states influence how stimuli are interpreted. High anxiety states in humans lead to more negative, threatening interpretations of novel information, typically accompanied by activation of the amygdala. We developed a handling protocol that induces long-lasting high and low anxiety-like states in rats to explore the role of state anxiety on brain activation during exposure to a novel environment and fear conditioning. In situ hybridization of the inducible transcription factor Egr-1 found increased gene expression in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala (LA) following exposure to a novel environment and contextual fear conditioning in high anxiety-like rats...
September 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814201/using-temporal-distancing-to-regulate-emotion-in-adolescence-modulation-by-reactive-aggression
#14
S P Ahmed, L H Somerville, C L Sebastian
Adopting a temporally distant perspective on stressors reduces distress in adults. Here we investigate whether the extent to which individuals project themselves into the future influences distancing efficacy. We also examined modulating effects of age across adolescence and reactive aggression: factors associated with reduced future-thinking and poor emotion regulation. Participants (N = 83, aged 12-22) read scenarios and rated negative affect when adopting a distant-future perspective, near-future perspective, or when reacting naturally...
August 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813323/emotions-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Carmen P McLean, Edna B Foa
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with negative emotions such as shame, guilt, anger, and disgust, as well as impairments in the ability to effectively regulate these emotional states. There is evidence showing that each of these negative emotions and emotion regulation difficulties are related to the severity of PTSD stemming from various trauma types. In contrast, much less is known about the temporal relationship between these features and PTSD. Studies have found that treatments for PTSD often lead to improvements in these negative emotions and in emotion regulation difficulties, but how these features impact the efficacy of various PTSD treatments is less clear...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813285/cognitive-behavioral-couple-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Norman B Epstein, Le Zheng
This article describes how cognitive-behavioral couple therapy (CBCT) provides a good fit for intervening with a range of stressors that couples experience from within and outside their relationship. It takes an ecological perspective in which a couple is influenced by multiple systemic levels. We provide an overview of assessment and intervention strategies used to modify negative behavioral interaction patterns, inappropriate or distorted cognitions, and problems with the experience and regulation of emotions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#17
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#18
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#19
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811079/neuroleptic-free-youth-at-ultrahigh-risk-for-psychosis-evidence-diminished-emotion-reactivity-that-is-predicted-by-depression-and-anxiety
#20
June Gruber, Gregory P Strauss, Laure Dombrecht, Vijay A Mittal
Although abnormalities in emotional response have long been considered a core feature of the chronic phase of schizophrenia, few investigations have examined emotional response in individuals at ultrahigh-risk (UHR) for psychosis. We investigated whether neuroleptic-free UHR (n=29) and healthy control (n=32) participants differed in emotional reactivity and emotion regulation on a laboratory-based task that required reporting levels of positive and negative affect to pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral stimuli...
August 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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