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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922107/emotion-dysregulation-of-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#1
Mengying Wu, Ying Liang, Qingguo Wang, Yan Zhao, Renlai Zhou
The aim of the current study was to test whether women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) had difficulties in emotion regulation. In Study 1, we investigated the relationship between the habitual use of emotion-regulation strategies and the severity of PMS (n = 230). The results showed that the severity of PMS was negatively associated with the habitual use of reappraisal, but positively associated with the habitual use of suppression. In Study 2, we first investigated the difference in the spontaneous use of suppression versus reappraisal between women with (n = 42) and without PMS (n = 42) when watching sad film clips...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921321/from-paperwork-to-parenting-experiences-of-professional-staff-in-student-support
#2
Wendy C Y Hu, Eleanor Flynn, Rebecca Mann, Robyn Woodward-Kron
CONTEXT: For academic staff, responding to student concerns is an important responsibility. Professional staff, or non-academic staff who do administrative work in medical schools, are often the first to be approached by students, yet there is little research on how they manage student issues. Informed by the conceptual framework of emotional labour, we examined the experiences of professional staff, aiming to identify theoretical and practical insights for improving the provision of student support...
December 5, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920976/resting-state-theta-band-connectivity-and-graph-analysis-in-generalized-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Mengqi Xing, Reza Tadayonnejad, Annmarie MacNamara, Olusola Ajilore, Julia DiGangi, K Luan Phan, Alex Leow, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) resting-state studies show generalized social anxiety disorder (gSAD) is associated with disturbances in networks involved in emotion regulation, emotion processing, and perceptual functions, suggesting a network framework is integral to elucidating the pathophysiology of gSAD. However, fMRI does not measure the fast dynamic interconnections of functional networks. Therefore, we examined whole-brain functional connectomics with electroencephalogram (EEG) during resting-state...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920801/implications-of-analgesics-use-in-osteoporotic-related-pain-treatment-focus-on-opioids
#4
REVIEW
Renato Vellucci, Consalvo Mattia, Ludovica Celidonio, Rocco Domenico Mediati
Bone loss is asymptomatic and will progress without pain and other symptoms until the occurrence of a fracture. The occurrence of a breaking bone induce acute pain determined and supported by a mechanical, inflammatory and neuropathic component. Very often the acute component evolves in a chronic musculoskeletal component. Overall objectives of the analgesic therapy can be summarized in pain relief, improving sleep, improve mobility, reduce anxiety, emotional component and depression. Osteoporosis is predominantly a condition of the elderly, more likely to have coexisting cardiovascular disease and age-related decline in renal function, receiving treatment for one or more comorbid conditions, taking multiple medications...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920749/reappraisal-modulates-attentional-bias-to-angry-faces
#5
Shin Ah Kim, Hackjin Kim, Sang Hee Kim
Heightened attentional bias to emotional information is one of the main characteristics of disorders related to emotion dysregulation such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. Although reappraisal, an emotion regulation strategy, is known to effectively modulate subjective experience of emotions, it remains unknown whether reappraisal can alter attentional biases to emotional information. In the current research, we investigated the influence of instruction-induced state reappraisal (Study 1) and trait reappraisal (Study 2) on attentional biases to happy and angry faces...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#6
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919694/neuron-specific-sumo-knockdown-suppresses-global-gene-expression-response-and-worsens-functional-outcome-after-transient-forebrain-ischemia-in-mice
#7
Lin Zhang, Xiaozhi Liu, Huaxin Sheng, Shuai Liu, Ying Li, Julia Q Zhao, David S Warner, Wulf Paschen, Wei Yang
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) conjugation (SUMOylation) plays key roles in neurologic function in health and disease. Neuronal SUMOylation is essential for emotionality and cognition, and this pathway is dramatically activated in post-ischemic neurons, a neuroprotective response to ischemia. It is also known from cell culture studies that SUMOylation modulates gene expression. However, it remains unknown how SUMOylation regulates neuronal gene expression in vivo, in the physiologic state and after ischemia, and modulates post-ischemic recovery of neurologic function...
December 2, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919622/workplace-aggression-as-cause-and-effect-emergency-nurses-experiences-of-working-fatigued
#8
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair M Delao, Paul R Clark
INTRODUCTION: Emergency nursing requires acute attention to detail to provide safe and effective care to potentially unstable or critically ill patients; this requirement may be significantly impaired by physical and mental fatigue. There is a lack of evidence regarding the effects of fatigue caused by factors other than a sleep deficit (e.g., emotional exhaustion). Fatigue affects nurses' ability to work safely in the emergency care setting and potentially impacts their health and quality of life outside of work...
December 2, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919303/mental-illness-stigma-and-suicidality-the-role-of-public-and-individual-stigma
#9
N Oexle, T Waldmann, T Staiger, Z Xu, N Rüsch
AIMS: Suicide rates are increased among unemployed individuals and mental illness stigma can contribute to both unemployment and suicidality. Persons with mental illness perceive negative attitudes among the general public and experience discrimination in their everyday life (=public stigma components) potentially leading to self-stigma and anticipated discrimination (=individual stigma components). Previous research found evidence for an association between aspects of mental illness stigma and suicidality, but has not yet clarified the underlying pathways explaining how different stigma components interact and contribute to suicidal ideation...
December 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#10
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918978/you-and-me-investigating-the-role-of-self-evaluative-emotion-in-preschool-prosociality
#11
Josephine Ross
Self-evaluative emotions depend on internalized social standards and motivate social action. However, there is a lack of empirical research documenting the impact of self-evaluative emotion on 3- and 4-year-olds' prosociality. Extant research relates children's experiences of guilt to empathetic concern and making amends. However, the relationship between guilt and both concern and making amends is potentially reductive. Empathetic concern involves similar bodily expressions to guilt, and amend making is used to distinguish guilt from shame in children...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918926/childhood-adversity-impacts-on-brain-subcortical-structures-relevant-to-depression
#12
Thomas Frodl, Deborah Janowitz, Lianne Schmaal, Leonardo Tozzi, Henrik Dobrowolny, Dan J Stein, Dick J Veltman, Katharina Wittfeld, Theo G M van Erp, Neda Jahanshad, Andrea Block, Katrin Hegenscheid, Henry Völzke, Jim Lagopoulos, Sean N Hatton, Ian B Hickie, Eva Maria Frey, Angela Carballedo, Samantha J Brooks, Daniella Vuletic, Anne Uhlmann, Ilya M Veer, Henrik Walter, Knut Schnell, Dominik Grotegerd, Volker Arolt, Harald Kugel, Elisabeth Schramm, Carsten Konrad, Bartosz Zurowski, Bernhard T Baune, Nic J A van der Wee, Marie-Jose van Tol, Brenda W J H Penninx, Paul M Thompson, Derrek P Hibar, Udo Dannlowski, Hans J Grabe
Childhood adversity plays an important role for development of major depressive disorder (MDD). There are differences in subcortical brain structures between patients with MDD and healthy controls, but the specific impact of childhood adversity on such structures in MDD remains unclear. Thus, aim of the present study was to investigate whether childhood adversity is associated with subcortical volumes and how it interacts with a diagnosis of MDD and sex. Within the ENIGMA-MDD network, nine university partner sites, which assessed childhood adversity and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with MDD and controls, took part in the current joint mega-analysis...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918866/a-lot-of-hard-work-but-doable-pregnancy-experiences-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Meaghan McGrath, Joan Chrisler
Despite many medical advances, pregnant women with type-1 diabetes are still considered to be at high risk. Previous research suggests that physicians' focus on strict glycemic control and negative outcomes can result in fear and uncertainty about undertaking pregnancy. The present study was designed to gain insight into the lived pregnancy experiences of women with type-1 diabetes and to solicit their thoughts on what health care providers could do to assist them to have a healthy pregnancy. Ten U.S. women with type-1 diabetes who were currently pregnant and/or had previously given birth participated in structured interviews...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918798/controlled-interventions-to-reduce-burnout-in-physicians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Maria Panagioti, Efharis Panagopoulou, Peter Bower, George Lewith, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Shoba Dawson, Harm van Marwijk, Keith Geraghty, Aneez Esmail
Importance: Burnout is prevalent in physicians and can have a negative influence on performance, career continuation, and patient care. Existing evidence does not allow clear recommendations for the management of burnout in physicians. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce burnout in physicians and whether different types of interventions (physician-directed or organization-directed interventions), physician characteristics (length of experience), and health care setting characteristics (primary or secondary care) were associated with improved effects...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918322/social-psychological-factors-and-suicidal-intent-among-suicide-attempters-in-rural-china-a-path-analysis
#15
Jin-Yu Wang, Jie Chu, Shi-Hua Sun, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Lei Guo, Cun-Xian Jia
This study explores the effects of social psychological factors on suicidal intent among suicide attempters in rural China. Suicide attempters were identified by the county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) and interviewed by the research team. A path analysis was conducted with physical illness, social support, and negative life events as exogenous variables, and life satisfaction, depressive emotions, and suicidal intent as endogenous variables. Beginning with a saturation model, a best model was obtained after removing the paths that were not significant...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918180/tweeting-negative-emotion-an-investigation-of-twitter-data-in-the-aftermath-of-violence-on-college-campuses
#16
Nickolas M Jones, Sean P Wojcik, Josiah Sweeting, Roxane Cohen Silver
Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918168/the-effect-of-therapist-use-of-validation-strategies-on-change-in-client-emotion-in-individual-dbt-treatment-sessions
#17
Amanda Carson-Wong, Christopher D Hughes, Shireen L Rizvi
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a treatment for borderline personality disorder, a disorder for which emotion dysregulation is central. Within DBT, there are 6 explicitly defined validation strategies that range hierarchically from validation level (VL) 1 to VL 6. To date, there have been no studies on the frequency of use of VLs in actual DBT sessions. The aim of the current study was to explore DBT therapists' use of VLs and examine the relationship between VLs and change in a client emotion during therapy sessions...
December 5, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918082/relation-between-social-information-processing-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-dating-couples
#18
Sarah Setchell, Patti Timmons Fritz, Jillian Glasgow
We used couple-level data to predict physical acts of intimate partner violence (IPV) from self-reported negative emotions and social information-processing (SIP) abilities among 100 dating couples (n = 200; mean age = 21.45 years). Participants read a series of hypothetical conflict situation vignettes and responded to questionnaires to assess negative emotions and various facets of SIP including attributions for partner behavior, generation of response alternatives, and response selection. We conducted a series of negative binomial mixed-model regressions based on the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM; Kenny, Kashy, & Cook, 2006, Dyadic data analysis...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917000/emotional-working-memory-training-as-an-online-intervention-for-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
E Leone de Voogd, Reinout W Wiers, Robert J Zwitser, Elske Salemink
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent disorders in adolescence. They are associated with deficits in working memory (WM), which also appears to increase rumination, worry, and negative mood. WM training, especially in an emotional context, might help in reducing or preventing these disorders. The current study investigated the direct effects of online emotional WM training on WM capacity, and short- and long-term effects on symptoms of anxiety and depression, and secondary measures of emotional functioning...
September 2016: Australian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916689/the-moderating-influence-of-heart-rate-variability-on-stressor-elicited-change-in-pupillary-and-attentional-indices-of-emotional-processing-an-eye-tracking-study
#20
Richard J Macatee, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt, Jesse R Cougle
Low resting heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with a broad array of negative psychosocial outcomes. Recent theoretical explications of HRV suggest it is an autonomic marker of emotion regulation capacity, but limited research has examined its relationship with emotional information processing indices. The present study utilized eye-tracking methodology to test HRV's theorized role as a marker of emotion regulation capacity in a non-clinical sample. Attentional biases towards threatening, dysphoric, and positive emotional information as well as affective modulation of pupil size were assessed before and after a stress induction...
December 1, 2016: Biological Psychology
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