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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031166/can-the-perceived-barriers-to-psychological-treatment-scale-be-used-to-investigate-treatment-barriers-among-females-with-disordered-and-non-disordered-eating-behaviours
#1
Natasha T Innes, Bonnie A Clough, Jamin J Day, Leanne M Casey
There is a lack of psychometrically sound instruments to assess treatment barriers among individuals with disordered eating behaviours. This study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Perceived Barriers to Psychological Treatment scale (PBPT; Mohr et al., 2010) among a sample of individuals with disordered eating behaviours. Participants were 708 females aged 14 years and older who completed an online survey. The sample was randomly divided in two for the conduct of exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031084/moving-towards-the-benign-automatic-interpretation-bias-modification-in-dysphoria
#2
Alexandra H Cowden Hindash, Jonathan A Rottenberg
Automatic cognitive biases are important to theories of depression and reducing such biases may contribute to therapeutic gains. The present study examined (1) whether it was possible to reduce automatic interpretation biases (AIB) in a single session among dysphoric subjects and (2) whether the effects of modifying AIB generalized to other measures of cognition and emotion. 76 dysphoric students completed a modified semantic association paradigm in which they were randomized to receive active or random-feedback-based training...
September 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029223/age-and-the-factor-structure-of-emotional-experience-in-adulthood
#3
Susan T Charles, Jacqueline Mogle, Kate A Leger, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the factor structure of emotional experience across adults 34-50, 51-65, and 66-84 year olds. Method: Participants (N = 2,022) were asked about 14 negative and 13 positive emotions across 8 days in the National Study of Daily Experiences II study. Factor analysis computed both inter-individual factors (between-person structure of emotional experience) and intra-individual factors (factors describing emotions in daily life) for each age group...
September 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029164/aging-parents-disabilities-and-daily-support-exchanges-with-middle-aged-children
#4
Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Aging parents often incur disabilities in activities of daily living, which may limit their ability to give support and necessitate increased support from middle-aged children. Research has predominantly assessed disabled parents' retrospective reports of receiving support, but we know little about their daily support exchanges with middle-aged children. This study examined practical support, emotional support, and advice that aging parents with and without disabilities provided and received from middle-aged children, and links between these support exchanges and parents' daily mood...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028908/negative-affect-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-incident-cognitive-impairment-in-nondepressed-postmenopausal-women
#5
Laura E Korthauer, Joseph Goveas, Mark A Espeland, Sally A Shumaker, Katelyn R Garcia, Hilary Tindle, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Kaycee M Sink, Leslie Vaughan, Stephen R Rapp, Susan M Resnick, Ira Driscoll
BACKGROUND: Positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) reflect subjective emotional experiences. Although related to depression and anxiety, these dimensions are distinct constructs representing affective states and patterns. Prior studies suggest that elevated depressive symptoms are associated with risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and probable dementia, but whether affective states are associated with cognitive impairment is still unknown. The present study examined relationships between baseline affective states and cognitive impairment (MCI, probable dementia) in non-depressed women...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#6
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#7
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026488/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-effects-of-negative-rearing-experiences-on-adolescents-social-withdrawal-and-aggression
#8
Kyung-Suk Lee, Ok-Joo Choi, Joon-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents' social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026111/distraction-and-expressive-suppression-strategies-in-regulation-of-high-and-low-intensity-negative-emotions
#9
Ping Li, Wei Wang, Cong Fan, Chuanlin Zhu, Shuaixia Li, Zhao Zhang, Zhengyang Qi, Wenbo Luo
The current study compared the effectiveness of distraction, an antecedent-focused strategy that involves diverting an individual's attention away from affective terms, and expressive suppression, a response-focused strategy that involves inhibiting conscious emotion-expressive behavior during an emotionally aroused state, in the regulation of high- and low-intensity unpleasant stimuli, using event-related potentials (ERPs). Sixteen participants completed an emotion regulation experiment in which they passively viewed high- or low-intensity unpleasant images (view), solved a mathematical equation presented on high- or low-intensity negative images (distraction), or suppressed their emotional expression in response to high- or low-intensity unpleasant images (suppression)...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025085/effects-of-buprenorphine-on-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-individuals-with-a-range-of-mood-symptomatology
#10
Anya K Bershad, Nicholas A Ruiz, Harriet de Wit
Background: The opioid drug buprenorphine has been shown to modify responses to emotional stimuli and may have antidepressant properties. In preclinical studies, it shows antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects, and a handful of clinical studies suggest it may reduce symptoms of depression in patients. We have shown that low doses of buprenorphine reduce responses to negative emotional stimuli in healthy adults. Here we extended these findings to individuals with symptoms of depression and anxiety...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025059/mindfulness-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
José G Luiggi-Hernandez, Jean Woo, Megan Hamm, Carol M Greco, Debra K Weiner, Natalia E Morone
Objective: Mindfulness is a nonpharmacologic mind-body therapy that has been shown to be effective in older adults with chronic low back pain (cLBP). There are few first-person accounts in the literature that describe the older adult experience and perspective while learning mindfulness and meditation to treat pain. The objective of this study was to investigate dominant themes present in the experiences of older adults applying mindfulness and meditation to cope with cLBP. Design: Qualitative analysis of four focus groups...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024232/social-constraints-and-psychological-well-being-after-prostate-cancer-a-follow-up-at-12-and-24-months-after-surgery
#12
Karin Stinesen Kollberg, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Ulrica Wilderäng, Jonas Hugosson, Peter Wiklund, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Johan Stranne, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
OBJECTIVE: Studies indicate that social constraints (barriers to emotional expression) may be a risk factor for psychological morbidity. We aimed to investigate the association between prostate cancer- related social constraints and psychological well-being following prostate cancer surgery. METHODS: In a group of 3478 partnered patients, participating in the Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial, a prospective multicenter comparative study of robot-assisted laparoscopic and retropubic radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer, we used log-binomial regression analysis to investigate the links between prostate cancer-related social constraints at 3 months after surgery and psychological well-being at 12 and 24 months...
October 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024226/anger-and-depressive-ruminations-as-predictors-of-dysregulated-behaviours-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Francesca Martino, Gabriele Caselli, Jessica Di Tommaso, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Barbara Valenti, Domenico Berardi, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
BACKGROUND: Anger and depressive ruminations have recently received empirical attention as processes related to borderline personality disorder (BPD). The Emotional Cascade Model (Selby, Anestis, & Joiner, 2008) suggests that negative affect (such as anger and sadness) may trigger rumination, which in turn may increase the duration and extent of negative affect, leading to dysregulated behaviours aimed at reducing such intense and unpleasant emotions. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between emotional dysregulation, anger and depressive ruminations, and their role in predicting dysregulated behaviours (such as aggression and self-harm) in a clinical sample of patients with BPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024169/how-are-multifactorial-beliefs-about-the-role-of-genetics-and-behavior-in-cancer-causation-associated-with-cancer-risk-cognitions-and-emotions-in-the-u-s-population
#14
Jada G Hamilton, Erika A Waters
OBJECTIVE: People who believe that cancer has both genetic and behavioral risk factors have more accurate mental models of cancer causation and may be more likely to engage in cancer screening behaviors than people who do not hold such multifactorial causal beliefs. This research explored possible health cognitions and emotions that might produce such differences. METHODS: Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey (N=2,719), we examined whether endorsing a multifactorial model of cancer causation was associated with perceptions of risk and other cancer-related cognitions and affect...
October 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024028/emotion-dysregulation-and-social-support-in-ptsd-and-depression-a-study-of-trauma-exposed-veterans
#15
Daniel W Cox, A Myfanwy Bakker, James A Naifeh
Emotion dysregulation has been associated with impaired interpersonal functioning and increased risk of posttraumatic psychopathology. Given that social support is a robust predictor of psychiatric morbidity following trauma exposure, we examined whether emotion dysregulation was associated with posttraumatic psychopathology through its negative effect on social support. Using self-report data from 90 military veterans (89.9% men) enrolled in an outpatient psychotherapy program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we found that social support partially mediated the effect of emotion dysregulation on PTSD (PM = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023754/local-context-influences-memory-for-emotional-stimuli-but-not-electrophysiological-markers-of-emotion-dependent-attention
#16
Gemma E Barnacle, Dimitris Tsivilis, Alexandre Schaefer, Deborah Talmi
Emotional enhancement of free recall can be context dependent. It is readily observed when emotional and neutral scenes are encoded and recalled together in a "mixed" list, but diminishes when these scenes are encoded separately in "pure" lists. We examined the hypothesis that this effect is due to differences in allocation of attention to neutral stimuli according to whether they are presented in mixed or pure lists, especially when encoding is intentional. Using picture stimuli that were controlled for semantic relatedness, our results contradicted this hypothesis...
October 12, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022724/age-differences-in-positive-feelings-and-their-expression
#17
Margund K Rohr, Cornelia Wieck, Ute Kunzmann
Although various studies point to the importance of positive emotions for health and well-being across the entire life span, current research on age differences in emotional reactivity mainly focuses on negative emotions. Empirical evidence on positive emotions is scarce and mixed. Part of the inconsistencies may be related to study differences in the stimuli used and the emotional response systems considered. Thus, the present study examined different response systems (i.e., subjective feelings, facial and verbal expressions) and used internal stimuli of high personal relevance to all participants...
October 12, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022722/the-impact-of-negative-affect-on-attention-patterns-to-threat-across-the-first-2-years-of-life
#18
Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Santiago Morales, Vanessa LoBue, Bradley C Taber-Thomas, Elizabeth K Allen, Kayla M Brown, Kristin A Buss
The current study examined the relations between individual differences in attention to emotion faces and temperamental negative affect across the first 2 years of life. Infant studies have noted a normative pattern of preferential attention to salient cues, particularly angry faces. A parallel literature suggests that elevated attention bias to threat is associated with anxiety, particularly if coupled with temperamental risk. Examining the emerging relations between attention to threat and temperamental negative affect may help distinguish normative from at-risk patterns of attention...
October 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022238/predicting-the-happiness-of-adolescents-based-on-coping-styles-and-religious-attitudes
#19
Marjan Fariddanesh, Ali Mohammad Rezaei
The study aimed to predict the happiness of adolescents based on coping styles and religious attitudes. To this end, the correlational research methodology was used. In total, 381 subjects were selected from adolescents of Semnan (Eastern province of Iran), using multistage clustering sampling method. Research tools were Ways of Coping Questionnaire by Lazarus, Golriz and Barahani's Religious Attitude Questionnaire, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in SPSS using Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022218/an-examination-of-the-mechanisms-and-personality-traits-underlying-food-addiction-among-individuals-with-severe-obesity-awaiting-bariatric-surgery
#20
Anne-Sophie Ouellette, Christopher Rodrigue, Simone Lemieux, André Tchernof, Laurent Biertho, Catherine Bégin
PURPOSE: The aetiology underlying addiction has often been investigated to shed more light on the factors contributing to the development and maintenance of various disorders. In the field of addictive eating behaviours, data on the aetiological factors related to food addiction (FA) in the bariatric context remain scarce. The present study aimed to explore mechanisms and variables underlying FA among individuals suffering from severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. METHODS: Participants (N = 146) were recruited at the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute during their pre-operative visit and were invited to complete questionnaires...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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