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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723728/memory-related-functional-connectivity-in-visual-processing-regions-varies-by-prior-emotional-context
#1
Holly J Bowen, Elizabeth A Kensinger
Memory retrieval involves the reactivation of processes that were engaged at encoding. Using a Generalized Linear Model to test for effects of valence, our prior study suggests that memory for information previously encoded in a negative context reengages sensory processing regions at retrieval to a greater extent than positive. Here, we used partial least squares analyses of the same dataset to determine whether this valence-specific processing was one of the dominant patterns in the retrieval data. Trials previously paired with a face revealed a strong pattern of emotion that did not vary by valence, but for trials previously paired with a scene, an extensive network of regions was active during recollection of trials paired with negative content...
July 18, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#2
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722635/early-life-inflammation-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-bangladeshi-infants-growing-up-in-adversity
#3
Nona M Jiang, Fahmida Tofail, Jennie Z Ma, Rashidul Haque, Beth Kirkpatrick, Charles A Nelson, William A Petri
Exposure to profound adversity can negatively affect the neurodevelopment of children, but biologic mechanisms that underlie this association remain unknown. We sought to determine whether elevated levels of the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) are associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes in Bangladeshi children. A total of 422 infant-mother pairs from an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, were enrolled at birth and followed prospectively. Inflammation was measured with sCD14, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 at 18 weeks, and CRP at 6, 18, 40, and 53 weeks...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722534/valence-evaluation-with-approaching-or-withdrawing-cues-directly-testing-valence-arousal-conflict-theory
#4
Yan Mei Wang, Ting Li, Lin Li
The valence-arousal conflict theory assumes that both valence and arousal will trigger approaching or withdrawing tendencies. It also predicts that the speed of processing emotional stimuli will depend on whether valence and arousal trigger conflicting or congruent motivational tendencies. However, most previous studies have provided evidence of the interaction between valence and arousal only, and have not provided direct proof of the interactive links between valence, arousal and motivational tendencies. The present study provides direct evidence for the relationship between approach-withdrawal tendencies and the valence-arousal conflict...
July 19, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722166/choir-singing-and-creative-writing-enhance-emotion-regulation-in-adults-with-chronic-mental-health-conditions
#5
Genevieve A Dingle, Elyse Williams, Jolanda Jetten, Jonathon Welch
OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental health conditions commonly experience difficulties with emotion regulation which affect their social functioning. Arts-based groups provide opportunities for shared emotional experiences and emotion regulation. This study explores emotion regulation strategies and the emotional effects of arts-based group participation in adults with mental health problems and in controls. DESIGN AND METHOD: The 62 participants included 39 adults with chronic mental health problems who were members of arts-based groups (ABG) and 23 comparison choir (CC) members who were not specifically experiencing mental health problems...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#6
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721052/study-of-the-combinatorial-impact-of-empathy-and-emotion-on-the-processing-of-conflicts-of-interest-with-the-event-related-potential-technique
#8
Xiaoli He, Ni Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Studies have found that empathy is important in moral development and violence suppression, and emotion also affects empathy. However, the combinatorial effect of emotion and empathy on the processing of conflicts is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 undergraduate students (23 in low-empathy group and 21 in high-empathy group) were enrolled in this study. They were subjected to positive, negative, and neutral emotion evoking, as well as conflicting or nonconflicting proposals...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721048/adapting-the-short-form-of-the-coping-inventory-for-stressful-situations-into-chinese
#9
Chun Li, Qing Liu, Ti Hu, Xiaoyan Jin
OBJECTIVES: The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a measurement tool for evaluating stress that has good psychometric properties. We investigated the applicability of a short-form version of the CISS in a large sample of Chinese university students. METHODS: Nine hundred and seventy-two Chinese university students aged 18-30 years (mean =20.15, standard deviation =3.26) were chosen as subjects, of whom 101 were randomly selected to be retested after a 2-week interval...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720749/effects-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-on-the-level-of-hope-and-psychological-health-status-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer-during-radiotherapy
#10
Li-Rong Li, Mei-Guang Lin, Juan Liang, Qiong-Yan Hu, Dan Chen, Meng-Ying Lan, Wu-Qing Liang, Yu-Ting Zeng, Ting Wang, Gui-Fen Fu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of patients with cervical cancer (CC) during radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 480 CC patients were recruited. Psychological distress scale, Herth hope index, functional assessment cancer therapy-cervix, and Jolowiec coping scale were used to conduct surveys on psychological distress, level of hope, quality of life (QOL), and coping style to analyze the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of CC patients...
July 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720262/nothing-is-more-important-than-my-partner-s-health-turkish-men-s-perspectives-on-partner-s-appearance-after-mastectomy-and-alopecia
#11
Ayla Gürsoy, Sema Koçan, Cemile Aktuğ
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to acquire a deeper understanding of male experiences on the emotional and social impact of their partners' mastectomy and chemotherapy-induced alopecia. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 males whose partners had undergone mastectomy and alopecia due to chemotherapy was chosen. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview method. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of tape-recorded interviews was employed. RESULTS: Two main themes emerged from the data: facing the changes and my wife and I at present...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718967/seeing-the-big-picture-broadening-attention-relieves-sadness-and-depressed-mood
#12
Li Gu, Xueling Yang, Liman Man Wai Li, Xinyue Zhou, Ding-Guo Gao
We examined whether the broadened attentional scope would affect people's sad or depressed mood with two experiments, enlightened by the meaning of "seeing the big picture" and the broaden-and-build model. Experiment 1 (n = 164) is a laboratory-based experiment, in which we manipulated the attentional scope by showing participants zoomed-out or zoomed-in scenes. In Experiment 2 (n = 44), we studied how depressed mood and positive and negative emotions were affected when participants watched distant versus proximal scenes for eight weeks in real life...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718757/the-impact-of-dispositional-variables-of-elders-relatives-and-paid-caregivers-on-elders-empowerment-and-life-satisfaction
#13
Manuela Tomai, Lina Pezzuti, Minou Mebane, Maura Benedetti, Annalisa Moro
Background/Study Context: The impact of dispositional characteristic of elders' closest network members on elders' life satisfaction and empowerment has remained largely unexplored. This innovative study aimed to assess the impact of dispositional variables of elders, relatives, and paid caregivers on life satisfaction and empowerment of elders. METHODS: One hundred forty-three triads (one elder, one paid caregiver, and one relative) completed six scales measuring modifiable personality characteristics (loneliness, optimism, regulation of positive and negative emotions), life satisfaction, and sense of empowerment...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718342/reconsidering-the-roles-of-gratitude-and-indebtedness-in-social-exchange
#14
Cong Peng, Rob M A Nelissen, Marcel Zeelenberg
Receiving favors is often a mixed blessing and commonly triggers two emotions: the positive emotion gratitude and negative emotion indebtedness. In three studies, we examined the hypothesis that gratitude and indebtedness have distinct functions in social exchange. Contrary to current views, we believe that the function of gratitude does not primarily reside in facilitating social exchange. Instead, we propose that indebtedness motivates people to repay favours received, and thus accounts for most of the prosocial effects commonly attributed to gratitude...
July 18, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718338/the-role-of-attention-at-retrieval-on-the-false-recognition-of-negative-emotional-drm-lists
#15
Datin Shah, Lauren M Knott
This study examined the role of attention at retrieval on the false recognition of emotional items using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Previous research has shown that divided attention at test increases false remember judgements for neutral critical lures. However, no research has yet directly assessed emotional false memories when attention is manipulated at retrieval. To examine this, participants studied negative (low in valence and high in arousal) and neutral DRM lists and completed recognition tests under conditions of full and divided attention...
July 18, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716612/impulsive-personality-dimensions-are-associated-with-altered-behavioral-performance-and-neural-responses-in-the-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#16
Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L Black, Lucas S Broster, Yue-Jia Luo, Thomas H Kelly
Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy...
July 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716486/the-impact-of-a-peer-support-group-for-children-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-uganda
#17
Amy Scheel, Andrea Beaton, Emmy Okello, Chris T Longenecker, Isaac Omara Otim, Peter Lwabi, Craig Sable, Allison R Webel, Twalib Aliku
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a peer-support group on knowledge, quality of life, and social support for children with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS: Children diagnosed with RHD and receiving 4-weekly injectable penicillin were invited to participate in a monthly support group for 6 months. Pre- and post-intervention assessments included a baseline RHD knowledge assessment, a measure of health related quality of life (HRQOL) (PedsQLTM4.0), and a measure of social support (Hawthorne Friendship Scale)...
July 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716022/crisis-resolution-and-home-treatment-stakeholders-views-on-critical-ingredients-and-implementation-in-england
#18
Nicola Morant, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Danielle Lamb, Kate Fullarton, Eleanor Brown, Beth Paterson, Hannah Istead, Kathleen Kelly, David Hindle, Sarah Fahmy, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis resolution teams (CRTs) can provide effective home-based treatment for acute mental health crises, although critical ingredients of the model have not been clearly identified, and implementation has been inconsistent. In order to inform development of a more highly specified CRT model that meets service users' needs, this study used qualitative methods to investigate stakeholders' experiences and views of CRTs, and what is important in good quality home-based crisis care...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715908/ptsd-psychotherapy-outcome-predicted-by-brain-activation-during-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation
#19
Gregory A Fonzo, Madeleine S Goodkind, Desmond J Oathes, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Meredith Harvey, Kathy K Peng, M Elizabeth Weiss, Allison L Thompson, Sanno E Zack, Steven E Lindley, Bruce A Arnow, Booil Jo, James J Gross, Barbara O Rothbaum, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but many patients do not respond. Brain functions governing treatment outcome are not well characterized. The authors examined brain systems relevant to emotional reactivity and regulation, constructs that are thought to be central to PTSD and exposure therapy effects, to identify the functional traits of individuals most likely to benefit from treatment. METHOD: Individuals with PTSD underwent functional MRI (fMRI) while completing three tasks assessing emotional reactivity and regulation...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715907/selective-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-frontopolar-cortical-function-in-ptsd
#20
Gregory A Fonzo, Madeleine S Goodkind, Desmond J Oathes, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Meredith Harvey, Kathy K Peng, M Elizabeth Weiss, Allison L Thompson, Sanno E Zack, Colleen E Mills-Finnerty, Benjamin M Rosenberg, Raleigh Edelstein, Rachael N Wright, Carena A Kole, Steven E Lindley, Bruce A Arnow, Booil Jo, James J Gross, Barbara O Rothbaum, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but a comprehensive, emotion-focused perspective on how psychotherapy affects brain function is lacking. The authors assessed changes in brain function after prolonged exposure therapy across three emotional reactivity and regulation paradigms. METHOD: Individuals with PTSD underwent functional MRI (fMRI) at rest and while completing three tasks assessing emotional reactivity and regulation...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
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