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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931203/scalpel-versus-electrosurgery-for-major-abdominal-incisions
#1
REVIEW
Kittipat Charoenkwan, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Kittipan Rerkasem, Elizabeth Matovinovic
BACKGROUND: Scalpels or electrosurgery can be used to make abdominal incisions. The potential benefits of electrosurgery may include reduced blood loss, dry and rapid separation of tissue, and reduced risk of cutting injury to surgeons. Postsurgery risks possibly associated with electrosurgery may include poor wound healing and complications such as surgical site infection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrosurgery compared with scalpel for major abdominal incisions...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931089/advanced-glycation-end-products-dietary-restriction-effects-on-bacterial-gut-microbiota-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#2
Rabi Yacoub, Melinda Nugent, Weijin Cai, Girish N Nadkarni, Lee D Chaves, Sham Abyad, Amanda M Honan, Shruthi A Thomas, Wei Zheng, Sujith A Valiyaparambil, Mark A Bryniarski, Yijun Sun, Michael Buck, Robert J Genco, Richard J Quigg, John C He, Jaime Uribarri
The modern Western diet is rich in advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We have previously shown an association between dietary AGEs and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in a population of end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). In the current pilot study we explored the effects of dietary AGEs on the gut bacterial microbiota composition in similar patients. AGEs play an important role in the development and progression of cardiovascular (CVD) disease. Plasma concentrations of different bacterial products have been shown to predict the risk of incident major adverse CVD events independently of traditional CVD risk factors, and experimental animal models indicates a possible role AGEs might have on the gut microbiota population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930976/detection-of-residual-donor-erythroid-progenitor-cells-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies
#3
Roman Crazzolara, Gabriele Kropshofer, Michael Steurer, Sieghart Sopper, Wolfgang Schwinger
The presence of incomplete chimerism is noted in a large proportion of patients following bone marrow transplant for thalassemia major or sickle cell disease. This observation has tremendous implications, as subsequent therapeutic immunomodulation strategies can improve clinical outcome. Conventionally, polymerase chain reaction-based analysis of short tandem repeats is used to identify chimerism in donor-derived blood cells. However, this method is restricted to nucleated cells and cannot distinguish between dissociated single-cell lineages...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930372/efficacy-and-safety-of-blood-transfusion-in-obstetric-patients-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Celso Módolo, Arnav Agarwal, Mariana Floriano Luiza Piva, Andresa Graciutti Botan, Samira Esteves Afonso Camargo, Nermeen Gawish, Norma Sueli Pinheiro Módolo, Regina El Dib
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of blood transfusion compared to no intervention in obstetric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was performed with Cochrane Database of Clinical Trials, PubMed, EMBASE and LILACS databases searched as of September, 2016. Two authors independently selected relevant clinical trials, assessed their methodological quality and extracted data, using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Five studies within a total of 6,297 met the inclusion criteria, with women generally aged 20-40 years...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930066/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-involved-homicide-victimization-in-the-united-states
#5
Timothy S Naimi, Ziming Xuan, Sharon M Coleman, Marlene C Lira, Scott E Hadland, Susanna E Cooper, Timothy C Heeren, Monica H Swahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between the alcohol policy environment and alcohol involvement in homicide victims in the United States, overall and by sociodemographic groups. METHOD: To characterize the alcohol policy environment, the presence, efficacy, and degree of implementation of 29 alcohol policies were used to determine Alcohol Policy Scale (APS) scores by state and year. Data about homicide victims from 17 states from 2003 to 2012 were obtained from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928885/associations-of-epstein-barr-virus-dna-in-pbmcs-and-the-subtypes-with-breast-cancer-risk
#6
Wei Zhang, Min-Yi Wang, Xue-Ling Wei, Ying Lin, Feng-Xi Su, Xiao-Ming Xie, Lu-Ying Tang, Ze-Fang Ren
Objective: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been found to be implicated in the development of breast cancer. The purpose of the present study was to identify the associations of EBV DNA and the subtypes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with the risk of breast cancer. Material and Methods: A case-control study with 671 breast cancer cases and 859 age-matched controls was conducted in Guangzhou, China. Face-to-face interviews were performed and blood samples were collected immediately after admission to the hospital for patients or after the interview for controls...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927037/xrcc1-and-xpd-polymorphisms-and-their-relation-to-the-clinical-course-in-hepatocarcinoma-patients
#7
Qinghai Guan, Zhiqiang Chen, Qiangpu Chen, Xuting Zhi
In this study genotyping of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients was conducted to detect polymorphisms on the X-ray repair cross-complementing 1 (XRCC1) and xeroderma pigmentosum complementary group D (XPD) genes and analyze the relationship of their presence with the clinical features of the cancer. A total of 172 patients with HCC were selected in Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, from January 2010 to September 2011. All patients underwent resection of HCC and no tumor metastases were found. Peripheral venous blood samples (3-5 ml) were collected from the patients to extract genomic DNA...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926825/fetal-growth-and-placental-growth-factor-umbilical-cord-blood-levels
#8
Zoe A Broere-Brown, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether umbilical cord blood placental growth factor (PlGF) levels at delivery are associated with fetal growth. METHODS: From a prospective population-based cohort study we included 3,461 live singleton births. Fetal growth was assessed by birth weight, fetal growth pattern, and fetal growth restriction (FGR; decrease in growth between the second trimester and birth of ≥40 percentiles). In all analyses the highest PlGF multiple of the median (MoM) quintile was used as the reference category...
September 20, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925679/substance-p-mediated-dgls-complexing-with-dachpt-for-targeting-therapy-of-glioma
#9
Tao Sun, Xutao Jiang, Qingbing Wang, Qinjun Chen, Yifei Lu, Lisha Liu, Yu Zhang, Xi He, Chunhui Ruan, Yujie Zhang, Qin Guo, Yaohua Liu, Chen Jiang
Currently, glioblastoma (glioma) is described as the deadliest brain tumor for its invasive natural with exceeding difficulty in surgical excision. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) can restrict the penetration of most therapeutic reagents including platinum (Pt)-based drugs-the most widely used reagents in clinical trials for their revolutionized cancer chemotherapy against a broad range of tumors. Nanomedicine represents a promising strategy for the intravenous delivery of Pt-based drugs into the brain. In this research, with the aim of malignant glioma treatment by Pt-based drugs, a novel nano drug carrier was developed: dendrigraft poly-L-lysines (DGLs) was PEGylated, linked with diethylenetriaminpentaacetic acid (DTPA) to complex (1,2-diaminocyclohexane)platinum(II) (DACHPt), and modified with Substance P (SP) as a BBB/glioma dual-targeting moiety...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924542/association-of-the-apolipoprotein-a-i-gene-polymorphisms-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-atherogenic-indices-in-patients-from-assam-northeast-india
#10
K Bora, M S Pathak, P Borah, Md I Hussain, D Das
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, and particularly decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidemia are prevalent in Assam, India. This study was undertaken to investigate whether Apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1) gene polymorphisms (G-75A and C+83T) were associated with i) the risk for decreased HDL-C, and ii) other CVD risk factors, viz. serum lipids, atherogenic indices, obesity, and blood pressure (BP). A total of 649 subjects were screened, from which 200 eligible individuals, classified as case group with decreased HDL-C levels (100 subjects) and control group with normal HDL-C levels (100 subjects) were enrolled and genotyped using polymersase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924074/postprandial-glucose-surges-after-extremely-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-healthy-adults
#11
Koji Kanamori, Noriko Ihana-Sugiyama, Ritsuko Yamamoto-Honda, Tomoka Nakamura, Chie Sobe, Shigemi Kamiya, Miyako Kishimoto, Hiroshi Kajio, Kimiko Kawano, Mitsuhiko Noda
Carbohydrate-restricted diets are prevalent not only in obese people but also in the general population to maintain appropriate body weight. Here, we report that extreme carbohydrate restriction for one day affects the subsequent blood glucose levels in healthy adults. Ten subjects (median age 30.5 years, BMI 21.1 kg/m(2), and HbA1c 5.5%), wearing with a continuous glucose monitoring device, were given isoenergetic test meals for 4 consecutive days. On day 1, day 2 (D2), and day 4 (D4), they consumed normal-carbohydrate (63-66% carbohydrate) diet, while on day 3, they took low-carbohydrate/high-fat (5% carbohydrate) diet...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923897/controlled-human-malaria-infection-applications-advances-and-challenges
#12
Danielle I Stanisic, James S McCarthy, Michael F Good
Controlled Human Malaria Infection (CHMI) entails deliberate infection with malaria parasites either by mosquito bite or direct injection of sporozoites or parasitised erythrocytes. When required, the resulting blood-stage infection is curtailed by the administration of anti-malarial drugs. Inducing a malaria infection via inoculation with infected blood was first used as a treatment (malariotherapy) for neurosyphilis in Europe and the United States in the early 1900s. More recently, CHMI has been applied to the fields of malaria vaccine and drug development where it is used to evaluate products in well-controlled early phase proof-of-concept clinical studies thus facilitating progression of only the most promising candidates for further evaluation in malaria-endemic areas...
September 18, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923082/characterization-of-a-secreted-cystatin-of-the-parasitic-nematode-haemonchus-contortus-and-its-immune-modulatory-effect-on-goat-monocytes
#13
Yujian Wang, Lingyan Wu, Xinchao Liu, Shuai Wang, Muhammad Ehsan, RuoFeng Yan, XiaoKai Song, LiXin Xu, XiangRui Li
BACKGROUND: Haemonchosis is a disease of the small ruminant caused by a nematode parasite Haemonchus contortus, and it is most important and alarming challenges to the small ruminant's production. The infection of the H. contortus could cause high economic losses worldwide. H. contortus is a blood feeding parasite which penetrates into the abomasal mucosa to feed the blood of the host and causing the anemia and decreased total plasma protein. Modulation and suppression of the immune response of the host by nematode parasites have been reported extensively, and the cysteine protease inhibitor (cystatin) is identified as one of the major immunomodulators...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922987/admissions-for-hypoglycaemia-after-35%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-perinatal-predictors-of-cost-of-stay
#14
Theodore Dassios, Anne Greenough, Stamatina Leontiadi, Ann Hickey, Nick Kametas
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycaemia accounts for approximately one tenth of term admissions to neonatal units, can cause long-term neurodevelopmental impairment and is associated with significant burden to the affected infants, families and the health system. OBJECTIVE: To define the prevalence, length and cost of admissions for hypoglycaemia in infants born at greater than 35 weeks gestation and to identify antenatal and perinatal predictors of those outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective audit of infants admitted for hypoglycaemia between 1/1/2012 and 31/12/2015, in a level three neonatal intensive care unit at King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922626/the-typhi-colonization-factor-tcf-is-encoded-by-multiple-non-typhoidal-salmonella-serovars-but-exhibits-a-varying-expression-profile-and-interchanging-contribution-to-intestinal-colonization
#15
Shalhevet Azriel, Alina Goren, Inna Shomer, Gili Aviv, Galia Rahav, Ohad Gal-Mor
Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A are human-restricted pathogens and the leading causative agents of enteric fever. The Typhi colonization factor (Tcf) is a chaperone-usher fimbria, thought to play a role in the host-specificity of typhoidal serovars. Here we show that the tcf cluster (tcfABCD tinR tioA) is present in at least 25 non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) serovars and demonstrate its native expression in clinically-important serovars including Schwarzengrund, 9,12:l,v:-, Choleraesuis, Bredeney, Heidelberg, Montevideo, Virchow and Infantis...
September 18, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922424/deletion-of-the-rodent-malaria-ortholog-for-falcipain-1-highlights-differences-between-hepatic-and-blood-stage-merozoites
#16
Christine S Hopp, Brandy L Bennett, Satish Mishra, Christine Lehmann, Kirsten K Hanson, Jing-Wen Lin, Kimberly Rousseau, Filomena A Carvalho, Wouter A van der Linden, Nuno C Santos, Matthew Bogyo, Shahid M Khan, Volker Heussler, Photini Sinnis
Proteases have been implicated in a variety of developmental processes during the malaria parasite lifecycle. In particular, invasion and egress of the parasite from the infected hepatocyte and erythrocyte, critically depend on protease activity. Although falcipain-1 was the first cysteine protease to be characterized in P. falciparum, its role in the lifecycle of the parasite has been the subject of some controversy. While an inhibitor of falcipain-1 blocked erythrocyte invasion by merozoites, two independent studies showed that falcipain-1 disruption did not affect growth of blood stage parasites...
September 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922096/the-effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-body-composition-blood-pressure-glucose-metabolism-and-markers-of-inflammation-in-nafld-patients-an-observational-trial
#17
Fereshteh Aliasghari, Azimeh Izadi, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Sara Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease and is a serious global health problem. Regarding the increasing prevalence of NAFLD, finding various strategies to prevent and manage the disease is of great importance. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of caloric restriction during Ramadan fasting on anthropometric indices, fasting glucose, plasma insulin, insulin resistance, and inflammatory cytokines (C-reactive protein and interleukin 6) in patients with NAFLD...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919997/increased-infiltration-and-tolerised-antigen-specific-cd8-tem-cells-in-tumor-but-not-peripheral-blood-have-no-impact-on-survival-of-hcmv-glioblastoma-patients
#18
M Bahador, A Gras Navarro, M A Rahman, M Dominguez-Valentin, S Sarowar, E Ulvestad, G Njølstad, S A Lie, E K Kristoffersen, E Bratland, M Chekenya
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) antigens in glioblastoma (GBM) present opportunities for personalised immunotherapy. However, their presence in GBM tissue is still under debate, and evidence of their impact on functional immune responses and prognosis is sparse. Here, we investigated the presence of pp65 (UL83) and immediate early 1 (IE-1) HCMV antigens in a cohort of Norwegian GBM patients (n = 177), using qPCR, immunohistochemistry, and serology. HCMV status was then used to investigate whether viral antigens influenced immune cell phenotype, infiltration, activation and patient survival...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919749/ginsenoside-rg1-nanoparticle-penetrating-the-blood-brain-barrier-to-improve-the-cerebral-function-of-diabetic-rats-complicated-with-cerebral-infarction
#19
Junyi Shen, Zhiming Zhao, Wei Shang, Chunli Liu, Beibei Zhang, Lingjie Zhao, Hui Cai
Diabetic cerebral infarction is with poorer prognosis and high rates of mortality. Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) has a wide variety of therapeutic values for central nervous system (CNS) diseases for the neuron protective effects. However, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricts Rg1 in reaching the CNS. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of Rg1 nanoparticle (PHRO, fabricated with γ-PGA, L-PAE (H), Rg1, and OX26 antibody), targeting transferrin receptor, on the diabetes rats complicated with diabetic cerebral infarction in vitro and in vivo...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919236/biomarkers-for-diagnosis-of-pediatric-acute-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-pans-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cunningham-panel
#20
Eva Hesselmark, Susanne Bejerot
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric Acute Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) are conditions marked by sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), tics, or avoidant/restrictive food intake in combination with multiple psychiatric symptoms. A diagnosis of PANS or PANDAS may be supported by the Cunningham Panel, a commercially available set of immunologic assays currently in clinical use. However, the relationship between Cunningham Panel results and patient symptoms remains unclear...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
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