Read by QxMD icon Read

Prehospital cardiac arrest

Camilla Hardeland, Kjetil Sunde, Helge Ramsdal, Susan R Hebbert, Linda Soilammi, Fredrik Westmark, Fredrik Nordum, Andreas E Hansen, Jon E Steen-Hansen, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Explore, understand and address issues that impact upon timely and adequate allocation of prehospital medical assistance and resources to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Mixed-methods: design obtaining data for one year in three emergency medical communication centres (EMCC); Oslo-Akershus (OA), Vestfold-Telemark (VT) and Østfold (Ø). Data collection included quantitative data from analysis of dispatch logs, ambulance records and audio files...
October 18, 2016: Resuscitation
Alan M Batt, Ahmed S Al-Hajeri, Fergal H Cummins
To report the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients and their outcomes in the emirates of Sharjah, Ras-al-Khaimah, Umm Al-Quwain, Fujairah, and Ajman in the United Arab Emirates (collectively known as the Northern Emirates). Methods: This is a prospective descriptive cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidents transported by the national ambulance crews between February 2014 and March 2015 in the Northern Emirates. Results: A total of 384 patients were enrolled in this study...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Joshua C Reynolds, Brian E Grunau, Jon C Rittenberger, Kelly N Sawyer, Michael C Kurz, Clifton W Callaway
BACKGROUND: -Little evidence guides the appropriate duration of resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and case features justifying longer or shorter durations are ill-defined. We estimated the impact of resuscitation duration on the probability of favorable functional outcome in OHCA using a large, multi-center cohort. METHODS: -Secondary analysis of a North American, single blind, multi-center, cluster-randomized clinical trial (ROC-PRIMED) of consecutive adults with non-traumatic, EMS-treated, OHCA...
October 19, 2016: Circulation
Youcef Azeli, Eneko Barbería, María Jiménez-Herrera, Gil Bonet, Eva Valero-Mora, Alfonso Lopez-Gomariz, Isaac Lucas-Guarque, Alex Guillen-Lopez, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Inés Landín, Pilar Torralba, Ali Jammoul, Jordi Bladé-Creixenti, Christer Axelsson, Alfredo Bardají
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in the industrialized world. Sudden cardiac death is very often the first manifestation of the disease and it occurs in the prehospital setting. The determination of the sudden cardiac death phenotype is challenging. It requires prospective studies in the community including multiple sources of case ascertainment that help to identify the cause and circumstances of death. The aim of the Clinical and Pathological Registry of Tarragona (ReCaPTa) is to study incidence and etiology of Sudden Cardiac Death in the Tarragona region (Catalonia, Spain)...
October 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Akira Funada, Yoshikazu Goto, Tetsuo Maeda, Hayato Tada, Ryota Teramoto, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Kenshi Hayashi, Masakazu Yamagishi
BACKGROUND: Population aging has rapidly progressed in Japan. However, few data exist regarding the characteristics of extremely elderly patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We aimed to determine the prehospital predictors of one-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes (Cerebral Performance Category scale, category 1 or 2; CPC 1-2) in this population. METHODS: We investigated 23,520 OHCA patients aged ≥95 years from a prospectively recorded, nationwide, Utstein-style Japanese database between 2008 and 2012...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Emmanuel Caruana, Sylvie Chevret, Romain Pirracchio
BACKGROUND: The benefit of cricoid pressure during tracheal intubation is still debated and, due to its potential negative impact on laryngeal views, its routine use is questioned. The goal of this study was to estimate its impact on laryngeal view. METHODS: All patients intubated in the prehospital setting were included. Three different propensity score (PS) models were used and compared in terms of the balance achieved between those patients who received cricoid pressure and those who did not...
September 30, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Marie-Hélène Proulx, Luc de Montigny, Dave Ross, Charlene Vacon, Louis Enock Juste, Eli Segal
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association guidelines (AHA) guidelines list tachycardia as a contraindication for the administration of nitroglycerin (NTG), despite limited evidence of adverse events. We sought to determine whether NTG administered for chest pain was a predictor of hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg) in patients with tachycardia, compared to patients without tachycardia (50≥ heart rate ≤100). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using patient care reports completed by basic life support (BLS) providers in a large urban Canadian EMS system for the period 2010-2012...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Joonghee Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Clifton W Callaway, Kibbeum Doh, Jungho Choi, Jongdae Park, You Hwan Jo, Jae Hyuk Lee
PURPOSE: The probability of the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and subsequent favourable outcomes changes dynamically during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). We sought to model these changes using time-to-event analysis in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Adult (≥18 years old), non-traumatic OHCA patients without prehospital ROSC were included. Utstein variables and initial arterial blood gas measurements were used as predictors...
September 19, 2016: Resuscitation
Chaoran Nie, Jiaxu Dong, Pengjiao Zhang, Xintong Liu, Fei Han
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of the infusion of ice-cold fluids for prehospital hypothermia in cardiac arrest victims are unclear. This study assessed its effects in adult victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: An online search of PubMed and Cochrane Library databases was performed. Cooling methods were limited to ice-cold fluid perfusion. Randomized controlled trials were included in this review. The main outcomes were body temperature at hospital arrival, survival to hospital discharge, neurological recovery, incidence of pulmonary edema, and the rate of rearrest...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sanjeev Bhoi, Prakash Ranjan Mishra, Kapil Dev Soni, Upendra Baitha, Tej Prakash Sinha
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of literature on prehospital care and epidemiology of traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) in India. This study highlights the profile and characteristics of TCA. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to study epidemiological profile of TCA patients ≥1 year presenting to a level 1 trauma center of India. RESULTS: One thousand sixty-one patients were recruited in the study. The median age (interquartile range) was 32 (23-45) years (male:female ratio of 5...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Atsushi Sugiyama, Sue Duval, Yuji Nakamura, Katsunori Yoshihara, Demetris Yannopoulos
BACKGROUND: The quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been recently shown to affect clinical outcome. The Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Prehospital Resuscitation Impedance Valve and Early Versus Delayed Analysis (PRIMED) trial showed no differences in outcomes with an active vs. sham impedance threshold device (ITD), a CPR adjunct that enhances circulation. It was hypothesized the active ITD would improve survival with favorable neurological outcomes in witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients when used with high-quality CPR...
September 23, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
J Zwingmann, R Lefering, M Feucht, N P Südkamp, P C Strohm, T Hammer
BACKGROUND: Data of the TraumaRegister DGU® were analyzed to derive survival rates, neurological outcome and prognostic factors of patients who had suffered traumatic cardiac arrest in the early treatment phase. METHODS: The database of the TraumaRegister DGU® from 2002 to 2013 was analyzed. The main focus of this survey was on different time points of performed resuscitation. Descriptive and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) were performed with the neurological outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale) and survival rate as the target variable...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Arnaud Le Jan, Aurélie Dupin, Bruno Garrigue, David Sapir
Under the authority of the French Biomedicine Agency, a new care pathway integrates refractory cardiac arrest patients into a process of organ donation. It is a medical, logistical and ethical challenge for the staff of the mobile emergency services.
September 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Jose V Nable, Benjamin J Lawner, William J Brady
In the daily practice of emergency medicine, physicians constantly interact with components of emergency medical services systems. The provision of high-quality care in the prehospital setting requires emergency physicians to remain abreast of recent literature that may inform the care of patients prior to their arrival at the emergency department. This literature review will examine some recent trends in the prehospital literature. In addition, the review will highlight important areas of clinical practice which represent some of the many intersections between emergency medicine and emergency medical services such as cardiac arrest and airway management...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tobias Haltmeier, Elizabeth Benjamin, Stefano Siboni, Evren Dilektasli, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
PURPOSE: Prehospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of prehospital ETI in patients with TBI. METHODS: Cohort-matched study using the US National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) 2008-2012. Patients with isolated severe blunt TBI (AIS head ≥3, AIS chest/abdomen <3) and a field GCS ≤8 were extracted from NTDB. A 1:1 matching of patients with and without prehospital ETI was performed...
August 27, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Annika Hamilton, Jacob Steinmetz, Mads Wissenberg, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Freddy K Lippert, Lars Hove, Nicolai Lohse
AIM: Sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an important public health problem. While several interventions are known to improve survival, the impact of physician-delivered advanced cardiac life support for OHCA is unclear. We aimed to assess the association between prehospital physician involvement and 30-day survival. METHODS: Observational study including persons registered with first-time OHCA of any cause in the Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry during 2005-2012...
August 23, 2016: Resuscitation
Marie-Sophie Grave, Fritz Sterz, Alexander Nürnberger, Stergios Fykatas, Mathias Gatterbauer, Albert Friedrich Stättermayer, Andreas Zajicek, Reinhard Malzer, Dieter Sebald, Raphael van Tulder
We investigated feasibility and safety of the RhinoChill (RC) transnasal cooling system initiated before achieving a protected airway during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a prehospital setting.In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), transnasal evaporative cooling was initiated during CPR, before a protected airway was established and continued until either the patient was declared dead, standard institutional systemic cooling methods were implemented or cooling supply was empty. Patients were monitored throughout the hypothermia period until either death or hospital discharge...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eric Cortez, William Krebs, James Davis, David P Keseg, Ashish R Panchal
INTRODUCTION: Survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is highest in victims with shockable rhythms when early CPR and rapid defibrillation are provided. However, a subset of individuals present with ventricular fibrillation (VF) that does not respond to defibrillation (refractory VF). One intervention that may be a possible option in refractory VF is double sequential external defibrillation (DSD). The objective of this case series was to describe the outcome of prehospital victims with refractory VF treated with DSD in the out-of-hospital setting...
August 10, 2016: Resuscitation
Daniel R Kievlan, Christian Martin-Gill, Jeremy M Kahn, Clifton W Callaway, Donald M Yealy, Derek C Angus, Christopher W Seymour
BACKGROUND: Identification of critically ill patients during prehospital care could facilitate early treatment and aid in the regionalization of critical care. Tools to consistently identify those in the field with or at higher risk of developing critical illness do not exist. We sought to validate a prehospital critical illness risk score that uses objective clinical variables in a contemporary cohort of geographically and temporally distinct prehospital encounters. METHODS: We linked prehospital encounters at 21 emergency medical services (EMS) agencies to inpatient electronic health records at nine hospitals in southwestern Pennsylvania from 2010 to 2012...
August 11, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Seungmin Jeong, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the benefits of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) and basic airway management (BAM) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Two investigators performed a systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database to identify all peer-reviewed articles relevant to this meta-analysis. We included all articles describing emergency medical system-treated nontraumatic OHCAs; specifically, all articles that described intervention of the prehospital AAM type were considered...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"