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Santosh Joshi, Dalip Kumar Upreti, Xin Yu Wang, Jae-Seoun Hur
Graphis yunnanensis is described here as a new species. It is taxonomically well characterized by entire labia, slit-like disc, lateral thalline margin, completely carbonized proper exciple, inspersed hymenium, 8-spored asci, muriform 25~45 × 8~12 µm ascospores, and the presence of norstictic and stictic acids. The separation of the new species from other somewhat similar Graphis species is discussed. In addition, the study includes Graphis tenoriensis and Phlyctis karnatakana reported for the first time from China...
June 2015: Mycobiology
Ekaphan Kraichak, Pradeep K Divakar, Ana Crespo, Steven D Leavitt, Matthew P Nelsen, Robert Lücking, H Thorsten Lumbsch
Renewed interests in macroevolutionary dynamics have led to the proliferation of studies on diversification processes in large taxonomic groups, such as angiosperms, mammals, and birds. However, such a study has yet to be conducted in lichenized fungi--an extremely successful and diverse group of fungi. Analysing the most comprehensive time-calibrated phylogenies with a new analytical method, we illustrated drastically different diversification dynamics between two hyper-diverse families of lichenized fungi, Graphidaceae and Parmeliaceae, which represent more than a fourth of the total species diversity of lichenized fungi...
2015: Scientific Reports
Yogesh Joshi, Xin Yu Wang, Thi Thuy Nguyen, Young Jin Koh, Jae-Seoun Hur
This study describes a new record of a thelotremoid lichen (Leucodecton desquamescens) from South Korea. The taxon is characterized by thick, bulging thallus with many calcium oxalate crystal inclusions; an immersed, round to irregular ascomata with free exciple, ellipsoid to ± roundish submuriform, brown ascospores, and lack of secondary metabolites. A detailed taxonomic description and comments are presented for this taxon. The lichen genus Leucodecton is reported for the first time in South Korea.
June 2010: Mycobiology
Robert Lücking, Anders Tehler, Frank Bungartz, Eimy Rivas Plata, H Thorsten Lumbsch
UNLABELLED:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: This study elucidates the phylogenetic position of a unique taxon of Graphidaceae occurring on rock in coastal desert areas, assessing its importance for our understanding of the evolution of the largest family of tropical lichenized fungi. • METHODS: We used maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches to reconstruct a three-gene phylogeny of Graphidaceae and a Bayesian molecular clock approach to estimate divergence dates for major clades, as well as Bayesian ancestral ecogeography state analysis...
May 2013: American Journal of Botany
Santosh Joshi, Udeni Jayalal, Soon-Ok Oh, Jung Shin Park, Jae-Seoun Hur
This study illustrates the status of thelotremoid Graphidaceae in South Korea. The taxonomy and systematics of thelotremoid lichens in the country have recently advanced greatly. Following the earlier known taxa from the group, four new records of the genus Thelotrema are reported and described briefly. An artificial key for all known species under thelotremoid group of Graphidaceae from South Korea is also provided.
December 2012: Mycobiology
Sittiporn Parnmen, Robert Lücking, H Thorsten Lumbsch
Molecular phylogenies often reveal that taxa circumscribed by phenotypical characters are not monophyletic. While re-examination of phenotypical characters often identifies the presence of characters characterizing clades, there is a growing number of studies that fail to identify diagnostic characters, especially in organismal groups lacking complex morphologies. Taxonomists then can either merge the groups or split taxa into smaller entities. Due to the nature of binomial nomenclature, this decision is of special importance at the generic level...
2012: PloS One
Eimy Rivas Plata, H Thorsten Lumbsch
A molecular phylogeny of combined mtSSU, nuLSU, and RPB2 data revealed previously unrecognized levels of parallel evolution and phenotypic divergence in the lichen family Graphidaceae. Five clades were supported within the family: the Fissurina, Ocellularia, Graphis, Topeliopsis, and Thelotrema clades, containing 33 of the 42 currently accepted genera within the family. The results for the first time provide a fully resolved phylogeny of this family and confirm the synonymy of Graphidaceae and Thelotremataceae...
October 2011: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Bhaskar C Behera, Bharathi Adawadkar, Urmila Makhija
Twenty-five species of the lichen family Graphidaceae have been investigated for tyrosinase-inhibitory activity. Tyrosinase-inhibiting material was extracted with solvents methanol, acetone, ethanol, dimethyl sulphoxide in water, and with water only. Methanol has been found to be suitable for extracting adequate amounts of tyrosinase-inhibiting component from the natural thallus. The lichen species such as Graphina glaucorufa, Graphina multistriata, Graphina salacinilabiata, Graphis assamensis, Graphis nakanishiana, and Phaeographopsis indica, have shown inhibition of tyrosinase over a range of 30-78%...
2006: Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy
Bettina Staiger, Klaus Kalb, Martin Grube
A phylogenetic study of the lichen family Graphidaceae is presented. Most genera of the family, as well as selected representatives of the closely related Thelotremataceae, are included. The results of the Bayesian analysis of combined mt SSU and nuLSU rDNA sequence data were compared with recently introduced concepts of genera. Species of Fissurina and Dyplolabia form a monophyletic group in an unresolved sister-group relationship to other members of Graphidaceae and Thelotremataceae. The family Graphidaceae as currently circumscribed is paraphyletic and we suggest that the name Graphidaceae is used in a broader sense to include members of Thelotremataceae...
July 2006: Mycological Research
Hyung-Yeel Kahng, Byoung-Jun Yoon, Sung-Hyun Kim, Duck-Ja Shin, Jae-Seoun Hur, Hyun-Woo Kim, Eui-Sung Kang, Kye-Heon Oh, Young Jin Koh
This study reports, for the first time, the investigation of the distribution of Korean saxicolous lichens in the coastal rocks of U-do islet, which is known as an unpolluted zone in Jeju. More than thirty lichens were obtained and investigated from the coastal rocks frequently contacted by seawater. A molecular analysis using PCR amplification of the rRNA ITS regions revealed the coastal rock lichens could be placed into 8 families and 14 genera, Ramalinaceae (Bacidia, Ramalina), Physciaceae (Buellia, Dirinaria, Phaeophyscia, Physcia, Pyxine), Lecanoraceae (Candelaria, Lecanora), Parmeliaceae (Xanthoparmelia), Graphidaceae (Graphis), Pertusariaceae (Pertusaria), Rhizocarpaceae (Rhizocarpon), and Teloschistaceae (Caloplaca), showing a diversity of lichens, with foliose (flat leaf-like), crustose (crust-like), and fruticose (miniature shrub-like) life forms might be distributed in the coastal rocks...
December 2004: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Martin Grube, Elisabeth Baloch, H Thorsten Lumbsch
The family Porinaceae (Trichotheliales) is characterized by perithecial ascomata of ascohymenial origin. The phylogenetic position of this family in the system of ascomycetes has been uncertain and is investigated using mtSSU rDNA sequences. The dataset consists of lichenized representatives of major ascomycete lineages, including those that were previously suspected as relatives of Porinaceae, such as Pyrenulaceae. The dataset was subjected to a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis implementing a Metropolis Coupled Markov Chain Monte Carlo method...
October 2004: Mycological Research
B C Behera, B Adawadkar, U Makhija
Results on the screening of species of the lichen family Graphidaceae for superoxide-scavenging activity (SSA) and xanthine-oxidase inhibitory (IXO) activity have been presented. The potential of the extracts for scavenging of superoxide and inhibition of xanthine-oxidase under various physiological conditions has been evaluated. The methanolic extracts of the species of family Graphidaceae showed inhibitory properties of xanthine oxidase (IC50 = 2.0 to 5.26 microg/ml) with an additional superoxide scavenging capacity (IC50 = 3...
2003: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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