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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782463/gut-microbiota-probiotics-and-sport-from-clinical-evidence-to-agonistic-performance
#1
Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Francesca Deidda, Teresa Graziano, Serena Allesina, Luca Mogna
Human beings harbor clusters of bacteria in different parts of the body, such as the surface or the deep layers of the skin, the mouth, the lungs, the intestine, the vagina, and all the surfaces exposed to the outer world. The majority of microbes resides in the gut, have a weighty influence on human physiology and nutrition and are vital for human life. There is growing evidence showing that the gut microbiota plays important roles in the maturation of the immune system and the protection against some infectious agents...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780839/comparison-of-lower-extremity-recovery-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-transphyseal-hamstring-versus-extraphyseal-iliotibial-band-techniques-in-skeletally-immature-athletes
#2
Dai Sugimoto, Benton E Heyworth, Sara E Collins, Ryan T Fallon, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli
Background: The influence of graft type on recovery after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has not been adequately studied in pediatric patients. Purpose: To describe lower extremity functional recovery parameters at the 6-month mark after ACLR across 3 distinct groups of skeletally immature patients: pediatric male patients with transphyseal hamstring grafts (PM-HS), pediatric female patients with transphyseal hamstring grafts (PF-HS), and pediatric male patients with extraphyseal iliotibial band grafts (PM-ITB)...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780834/factors-affecting-the-achievement-of-a-patient-acceptable-symptom-state-1-year-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-cohort-study-of-343-patients-from-2-registries
#3
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Alberto Grassi, Ferid Krupic, Roland Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson
Background: There is insufficient knowledge regarding the influence of concomitant injuries on the recovery of short-term subjective knee function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Purpose: To determine whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice during ACL reconstruction can predict which patients achieve acceptable knee function 1 year after reconstruction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769834/continuous-knee-cooling-affects-functional-hop-performance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Bruno Tassignon, Ben Serrien, Kevin De Pauw, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Romain Meeusen
Cryotherapy is widely used in sports and rehabilitation to aid recovery and injury management. The purpose was to examine if a low temperature computer controlled continuous knee cooling protocol (10°C) for one hour and a moderate continuous knee cooling protocol (18°C) for one hour affected neuromuscular activity and functional performance tests. We used a randomized controlled study design. Twenty healthy male subjects (age = 24 ± 3 years) were included and randomized into 2 groups (10°C and 18°C). On day one, participants performed a maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps (MVC), single leg hop for distance (SLHD), and crossover hop for time (COHT) with both legs before and after cooling of their right leg...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764338/the-prognostic-relevance-of-psychological-factors-with-regard-to-participation-and-success-in-table-tennis
#5
Guillaume Martinent, Valérian Cece, Marije Titia Elferink-Gemser, Irene Renate Faber, Jean-Claude Decret
This study examined the prognostic relevance of self-determined motivation, coping, burnout, perceived stress and recovery experienced by 159 youth table-tennis players involved in intensive training centers with regard to their participation and success six years later. Results of ANCOVAs showed that players who still practiced at time 2 (T2; six years later; n = 130) reported lower time 1 (T1; while they were involved in intensive training centers) amotivation (large effect), disengagement-oriented coping, sport devaluation and reduced accomplishment (moderate effects) than their counterparts who dropped out at T2 (n = 29)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762156/preliminary-use-of-the-physical-and-neurological-examination-of-subtle-signs-for-detecting-subtle-motor-signs-in-adolescents-with-sport-related-concussion
#6
Jaclyn A Stephens, Martha B Denckla, Teri McCambridge, Beth S Slomine, E Mark Mahone, Stacy J Suskauer
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sports-related concussion. The Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs was preliminarily examined for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 yrs with sports-related concussion. A total of 15 adolescents (5 female adolescents) with sports-related concussion were evaluated up to three times: within 2 wks of injury, approximately 1 mo later (mean, 35 days between visits), and for those not recovered at the second visit, again after clinical recovery (mean, 70 days between the first and last visits for all participants)...
June 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758507/recovery-practices-in-division-1-collegiate-athletes-in-north-america
#7
Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule
OBJECTIVES: Establish current practice and attitudes towards recovery in a group of Division-1 Collegiate athletes from North America. DESIGN: A 16-item questionnaire was administered via custom software in an electronic format. PARTICIPANTS: 152 student athletes from a Division-1 Collegiate school across 3 sports (Basketball, American Football, Soccer). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition...
May 8, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753212/quantification-of-doping-compounds-in-faecal-samples-from-racing-pigeons-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
Fernando X Moreira, Renata Silva, Maria B André, Paula G de Pinho, Maria L Bastos, João Ruivo, Patrícia Ruivo, Helena Carmo
The use of performance enhancing drugs is not only common in humans, but also in animal sports, including racing of horses, greyhounds and pigeons. The development of accurate analytical procedures to detect doping agents in sports is crucial in order to protect the fair-play of the game, avoid financial fraud in the attribution of eventual awards and, even more important, to protect the animals from harmful drugs and/or dangerous dosage regimens. The present study aimed to develop and validate, a method that enabled the screening and confirmation of the presence of a beta-agonist (clenbuterol) and three corticosteroids (betamethasone, prednisolone and budesonide) in faeces from pigeons...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746382/warm-up-optimizes-postural-control-but-requires-some-minutes-of-recovery
#9
Thierry Paillard, Mohamed Abdelhafid Kadri, Merbouha Boulahbel Nouar, Frederic Noé
Paillard, T, Kadri, MA, Nouar, MB, and Noé, F. Warm-up optimizes postural control but requires some minutes of recovery. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim was to compare monopedal postural control between the dominant leg (D-Leg) and the nondominant leg (ND-Leg) in pre- and post-warm-up conditions. Thirty healthy male sports science students were evaluated before and after a warm-up exercise (12 minutes of pedaling with an incremental effort on a cycle ergometer with a controlled workload). Monopodal postural control was assessed for the D- and ND-Legs before and immediately, 2, 5, 10, and 15 minutes after the warm-up exercise, using a force platform and calculating the displacement velocity of the center of foot pressure on the mediolateral (COPML velocity) and anteroposterior (COPAP velocity) axes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745738/effect-of-prior-fatiguing-sport-specific-exercise-on-field-hockey-passing-ability
#10
Enzo Hollville, Vincent Le Croller, Yoshihiro Hirasawa, Rémi Husson, Giuseppe Rabita, Franck Brocherie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of multiple sets of repeated-sprint ability (RSA) induced fatigue on subsequent passing skill performance among field hockey. METHODS: Ten elite U-21 male field hockey players performed five sets of a combination of RSA test (6 × 20 m - 20 s of passive recovery) followed by a 1-min passing skill test (passing reception with subsequent passes at a pre-designed target). Fastest sprint time and cumulated sprint time for RSA test; total number of balls played, targeted and passing accuracy (number of balls targeted / total number of balls played) for passing skill test; heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration ([La-]) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected throughout the protocol...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739303/the-utilization-of-formal-physical-therapy-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Eric R Wagner, Muriel J Solberg, Laurence D Higgins
Study Design Epidemiological retrospective database study. Background It is widely believed that structured rehabilitation programs by professional therapists help guide patients through the various recovery periods after shoulder arthroplasty, speeding up their recovery and improving their final functional gains. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies providing information about the current state of physical rehabilitation use after shoulder arthroplasty. Objectives Describe the variation in physical rehabilitation utilization after total and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and identify differences in utilization based on type of insurance (private versus public), gender, age, region of the country, and type of replacement...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738282/caffeine-ingestion-changes-time-motion-and-technical-tactical-aspects-in-simulated-boxing-matches-a-randomized-double-blind-pla-controlled-crossover-study
#12
Victor Silveira Coswig, Paulo Gentil, Francine Irigon, Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio
The number of offensive actions and glycolytic energy in combat sports both increase with caffeine (CAF) ingestion. In addition, the effects of CAF on technical-tactical and time-motion analysis and physiological parameters in boxing are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CAF ingestion on physiological parameters and the notational analysis of boxing matches. Ten male boxers were recruited; the participants ingested 6 mg kg-1 BM of CAF or placebo (PLA) 30 min prior to the match in a crossover design...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732944/pre-injury-migraine-history-as-a-risk-factor-for-prolonged-return-to-school-and-sports-following-concussion
#13
Douglas P Terry, Nathan Huebschmann, Bruce Maxwell, Nathan Cook, Rebekah Mannix, Ross D Zafonte, Tad Seifert, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
Having a pre-existing migraine disorder might be a risk factor for a prolonged recovery following a sport-related concussion. We examined whether having a migraine history was associated with a prolonged return to academics and athletics following a concussion. High school and collegiate athletes (N=1,265; 42% female) who sustained a sport-related concussion were monitored by athletic trainers using a web-based surveillance system that collects information about concussion recovery. Nonparametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests (KS) were used to compare days to return to academics/athletics across groups due to non-normally distributed outcome variables and unequal distributions of scores between groups...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722771/effects-of-early-diagnosis-of-the-wrist-over-use-syndrome-on-the-treatment
#14
Adnana Talić Tanović, Edina Tanović, Mevludin Mekić, Ivanka Mađar Šimić, Adnan Papović, Hadžan Konjo
Aim To demonstrate the effects of early diagnosis of overuse syndrome in the wrist on healing, pain intensity and quick recovery to daily work and sport activities. Methods This clinical retrospective study included 60 patients of both sexes aged from 22 to 44 years, with pain in the wrist and clinical signs of creeping tenosynovitis. Patients were divided into two groups: the first group - persons doing sports activity, and the second group - patients who did not deal with sports activities. Results Females in 31 (51...
August 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721434/physiological-parameter-values-in-greyhounds-before-and-after-high-intensity-exercise
#15
Francisco Javier Pellegrino, Analía Risso, Pablo G Vaquero, Yanina A Corrada
Dog sports competitions have greatly expanded. The availability of reference values for each type of activity could help assess fitness accurately. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL) and rectal temperature (RT) are relevant physiological parameters to determine the dogs response to effort. Previous studies in greyhounds have reported the effect of high-intensity exercise on many physiological parameters immediately after completing different racing distances and recovery times. However, there are no studies concerning physiological changes over shorter racing distances...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721339/the-effect-of-therapeutic-exercise-on-long-standing-adductor-related-groin-pain-in-athletes-modified-h%C3%A3-lmich-protocol
#16
Abbas Yousefzadeh, Azadeh Shadmehr, Gholam Reza Olyaei, Nasrin Naseri, Zahra Khazaeipour
Objective: The Hölmich protocol in therapeutic exercise is the most appropriate method for the treatment of long-standing adductor-related groin pain (LSAGP). Herein, we evaluated a modified Hölmich protocol to resolve the possible limitations intrinsic to the Hölmich protocol in terms of the rate of return to sport and the recovery period for athletes with LSAGP. Design: The study followed a single-blind, before/after study design, where 15 athletes with LSAGP (mean age = 26...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720949/active-recovery-after-high-intensity-interval-training-does-not-attenuate-training-adaptation
#17
Thimo Wiewelhove, Christoph Schneider, Alina Schmidt, Alexander Döweling, Tim Meyer, Michael Kellmann, Mark Pfeiffer, Alexander Ferrauti
Objective: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) can be extremely demanding and can consequently produce high blood lactate levels. Previous studies have shown that lactate is a potent metabolic stimulus, which is important for adaptation. Active recovery (ACT) after intensive exercise, however, enhances blood lactate removal in comparison with passive recovery (PAS) and, consequently, may attenuate endurance performance improvements. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of regular ACT on training adaptations during a HIIT mesocycle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712548/optimizing-recovery-after-achilles-tendon-pain-guidelines-help-deliver-quality-care
#18
(no author information available yet)
Achilles tendinopathy can temporarily stop many active people, and particularly those who participate in sports. Pain in the Achilles tendon often occurs in the middle of this fibrous tissue that connects the muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone. Physical therapists can help ensure that patients with Achilles tendinopathy receive the best quality care to optimize their recovery. Guidelines published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT recommend best practices from the published literature for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating Achilles tendon pain...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710835/eicosahexanoic-acid-epa-and-docosahexanoic-acid-dha-in-muscle-damage-and-function
#19
REVIEW
Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya
Nutritional supplementation not only helps in improving and maintaining performance in sports and exercise, but also contributes in reducing exercise fatigue and in recovery from exhaustion. Fish oil contains large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3). It is widely known that omega-3 fatty acids are effective for improving cardiac function, depression, cognitive function, and blood as well as lowering blood pressure. In the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and exercise performance, previous studies have been predicted improved endurance performance, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses, and effectivity against delayed-onset muscle soreness...
April 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706930/a-preliminary-report-on-brain-derived-extracellular-vesicle-as-novel-blood-biomarkers-for-sport-related-concussions
#20
Keisuke Kawata, Masato Mitsuhashi, Randy Aldret
The purpose of the study was to test the utility of unique panel of blood biomarkers as a means to reflect one's recovery process after sport-related neurotrauma. We established a panel of biomarkers that reacted positive with CD81 (extracellular vesicle marker) and various neuron- and glia-specific antigens [e.g., neurofilament light polypeptide (NF-L), tau, synaptosome-associated protein 25 (SNAP25), glial fibrillary acidic protein, and myelin basic protein]. We first evaluated test-retest reliabilities of brain-derived exosome markers, followed by an application of these markers in eight professional ice hockey players to detect cumulative neuronal burden from a single ice hockey season...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
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