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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852802/enhanced-macroboring-and-depressed-calcification-drive-net-dissolution-at-high-co2-coral-reefs
#1
Ian C Enochs, Derek P Manzello, Graham Kolodziej, Sam H C Noonan, Lauren Valentino, Katharina E Fabricius
Ocean acidification (OA) impacts the physiology of diverse marine taxa; among them corals that create complex reef framework structures. Biological processes operating on coral reef frameworks remain largely unknown from naturally high-carbon-dioxide (CO2) ecosystems. For the first time, we independently quantified the response of multiple functional groups instrumental in the construction and erosion of these frameworks (accretion, macroboring, microboring, and grazing) along natural OA gradients. We deployed blocks of dead coral skeleton for roughly 2 years at two reefs in Papua New Guinea, each experiencing volcanically enriched CO2, and employed high-resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) to create three-dimensional models of changing skeletal structure...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819713/impairment-of-sexual-life-in-3-485-dermatological-outpatients-from-a-multicentre-study-in-13-european-countries
#2
Francesca Sampogna, Damiano Abeni, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Lars Lien, Géraldine Titeca, Gregor B E Jemec, Laurent Misery, Csanád Szabó, M Dennis Linder, Andrea W M Evers, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Jacek C Szepietowski, Dmitry V Romanov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Jörg Kupfer, Florence Dalgard
Skin conditions may have a strong impact on patients' sexual life, and thus influence personal relationships. Sexual issues are difficult to discuss directly in clinical practice, and a mediated instrument may be useful to capture such information. In this study item 9 of the Dermatology Life Quality Index was used to collect information on sexual impact of several skin conditions in 13 European countries. Among 3,485 patients, 23.1% reported sexual problems. The impairment was particularly high in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa, prurigo, blistering disorders, psoriasis, urticaria, eczema, infections of the skin, or pruritus...
November 7, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788381/correlates-of-suicidality-in-firefighter-ems-personnel
#3
Colleen E Martin, Jana K Tran, Sam J Buser
BACKGROUND: Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel experience higher rates of lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts than the general population and other protective service professions. Several correlates of suicidality (alcohol use, depression, posttraumatic stress) have been identified in the literature as applicable to firefighter/EMS populations; however, few studies to date have examined the specific correlates of suicidality (lifetime suicidal ideation and/or attempts) in a firefighter/EMS sample...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486153/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-2016-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-section-5-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-treatments
#4
Arun V Ravindran, Lynda G Balneaves, Guy Faulkner, Abigail Ortiz, Diane McIntosh, Rachel L Morehouse, Lakshmi Ravindran, Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Sagar V Parikh
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255977/reduced-heterotrophy-in-the-stony-coral-galaxea-fascicularis-after-life-long-exposure-to-elevated-carbon-dioxide
#5
Joy N Smith, Julia Strahl, Sam H C Noonan, Gertraud M Schmidt, Claudio Richter, Katharina E Fabricius
Ocean acidification imposes many physiological, energetic, structural and ecological challenges to stony corals. While some corals may increase autotrophy under ocean acidification, another potential mechanism to alleviate some of the adverse effects on their physiology is to increase heterotrophy. We compared the feeding rates of Galaxea fascicularis colonies that have lived their entire lives under ocean acidification conditions at natural carbon dioxide (CO2) seeps with colonies living under present-day CO2 conditions...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766947/characteristics-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-internet-gaming-disorder-among-adults-using-self-reported-dsm-5-criteria
#6
Na Ri Kim, Samuel Suk-Hyun Hwang, Jung-Seok Choi, Dai-Jin Kim, Zsolt Demetrovics, Orsolya Király, Katalin Nagygyörgy, Mark D Griffiths, So Yeon Hyun, Hyun Chul Youn, Sam-Wook Choi
OBJECTIVE: The Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) proposed nine diagnostic criteria and five cut-point criteria for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). We aimed to examine the efficacy of such criteria. METHODS: Adults (n=3041, men: 1824, women: 1217) who engaged in internet gaming within last 6 months completed a self-report online survey using the suggested wordings of the criteria in DSM-5. Major characteristics, gaming behavior, and psychiatric symptoms of IGD were analyzed using ANOVA, chi-square, and correlation analyses...
January 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23981407/a-pilot-study-of-s-adenosylmethionine-in-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#7
Lillian J Choi, Jeannie S Huang
CONTEXT: Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children. Currently, medical practitioners widely use tricyclic antidepressants to treat FAP. Those antidepressants, however, have been associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, and the accompanying side effects often limit the benefits. S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e) is a dietary supplement that has efficacy as an antidepressant and as a treatment for chronic pain...
September 2013: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22589230/dietary-supplement-drug-therapies-for-depression
#8
Robert H Howland
Many dietary supplements are readily accessible and commonly used for the treatment of depression. A dietary supplement is a product intended to supplement the diet but is not intended to treat, diagnose, prevent, or cure disease. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration can take action against dietary supplement manufacturers for products only after they are marketed, mainly if the product is found to be unsafe or if false or misleading claims are made about the product. Few dietary supplement products have been adequately studied for their safety and efficacy...
June 2012: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22156949/the-tinnitus-functional-index-development-of-a-new-clinical-measure-for-chronic-intrusive-tinnitus
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mary B Meikle, James A Henry, Susan E Griest, Barbara J Stewart, Harvey B Abrams, Rachel McArdle, Paula J Myers, Craig W Newman, Sharon Sandridge, Dennis C Turk, Robert L Folmer, Eric J Frederick, John W House, Gary P Jacobson, Sam E Kinney, William H Martin, Stephen M Nagler, Gloria E Reich, Grant Searchfield, Robert Sweetow, Jack A Vernon
OBJECTIVES: Chronic subjective tinnitus is a prevalent condition that causes significant distress to millions of Americans. Effective tinnitus treatments are urgently needed, but evaluating them is hampered by the lack of standardized measures that are validated for both intake assessment and evaluation of treatment outcomes. This work was designed to develop a new self-report questionnaire, the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI), that would have documented validity both for scaling the severity and negative impact of tinnitus for use in intake assessment and for measuring treatment-related changes in tinnitus (responsiveness) and that would provide comprehensive coverage of multiple tinnitus severity domains...
March 2012: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21673208/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Richard Nahas, Osmaan Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical evidence supporting complementary and alternative medicine interventions for treating major depressive disorder. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: PubMed was searched from January 1966 to February 2010 using the term depressive disorder in combination with St John's wort, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e), exercise, acupuncture, omega-3 fatty acids, and folate. Only relevant human trials were selected. MAIN MESSAGE: In a large meta-analysis, St John's wort was found to be equivalent to antidepressant drugs with fewer side effects...
June 2011: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21438644/st-john-s-wort-and-s-adenosyl-methionine-as-natural-alternatives-to-conventional-antidepressants-in-the-era-of-the-suicidality-boxed-warning-what-is-the-evidence-for-clinically-relevant-benefit
#11
REVIEW
David J Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: A boxed-warning in antidepressant labeling now informs prescribers of the potential for treatment-emergent suicidality to occur. Consequently, alternative "natural" antidepressant therapies widely viewed to be devoid of this risk, such as St. John's wort (SJW) and s-adenosyl methionine (SAM-e), may experience a resurgence in popularity and expansion of use beyond mild forms of depressive illness. The purpose of this article is to critically assess whether the clinical evidence supports the use of SJW and SAM-e as alternatives to conventional antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD)...
March 2011: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20923617/using-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-for-depression
#12
Maurizio Fava
The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) has increased among patients with psychiatric disorders over recent decades. Therefore, clinicians must inquire and be knowledgeable about the use of CAM therapies, not only to give their patients accurate and up-to-date information but also to know when to appropriately prescribe CAM therapies to patients. Of the available CAMs, omega-3 fatty acids, folate, SAM-e, and St John's wort are reviewed.
September 2010: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19909689/evidence-for-s-adenosyl-l-methionine-sam-e-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#13
REVIEW
George I Papakostas
Despite the increasingly large array of antidepressants available to treat major depressive disorder, patients continue to experience relatively modest response and remission rates. In addition, patients may experience adverse side effects from pharmacotherapy that not only hinder treatment compliance and adherence but, in some cases, may also contribute to increased disability, patient suffering, morbidity, and mortality. In order to enhance treatment efficacy and tolerability, patients and clinicians have become increasingly interested in nonpharmaceutical supplements for treating depression...
2009: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19909686/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-considerations-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Marlene P Freeman
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased among patients with psychiatric disorders, as it has in the general population, over recent decades. Psychiatrists, therefore, need to inquire about and discuss the use of these treatments with patients and offer up-to-date information about risks and benefits. However, evidence-based information is limited. To address the needs of practicing psychiatrists and the public, the American Psychiatric Association has set up a task force on CAM to review the evidence for the efficacy and safety of CAM treatments in major depressive disorder (MDD)...
2009: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19666194/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-adults-v-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-treatments
#15
Arun V Ravindran, Raymond W Lam, Marie J Filteau, François Lespérance, Sidney H Kennedy, Sagar V Parikh, Scott B Patten
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the Canadian Psychiatric Association and the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) partnered to produce evidence-based clinical guidelines for the treatment of depressive disorders. A revision of these guidelines was undertaken by CANMAT in 2008-2009 to reflect advances in the field. There is widespread interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The CANMAT guidelines are based on a question-answer format to enhance accessibility to clinicians...
October 2009: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19032578/in-utero-ethanol-exposure-impairs-defenses-against-experimental-group-b-streptococcus-in-the-term-guinea-pig-lung
#16
Theresa W Gauthier, Paula A Young, Levan Gabelaia, Sonja M Tang, Xiao-Du Ping, Frank L Harris, Lou Ann S Brown
BACKGROUND: The effects of fetal alcohol exposure on the risks of neonatal lung injury and infection remain under investigation. The resident alveolar macrophage (AM) is the first line of immune defense against pulmonary infections. In utero ethanol (ETOH) exposure deranges the function of both premature and term guinea pig AM. We hypothesized that fetal ETOH exposure would increase the risk of pulmonary infection in vivo. METHODS: We developed a novel in vivo model of group B Streptococcus (GBS) pneumonia using our established guinea pig model of fetal ETOH exposure...
February 2009: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18824331/improvement-of-aggressive-behavior-and-quality-of-life-impairment-following-s-adenosyl-methionine-sam-e-augmentation-in-schizophrenia
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rael D Strous, Michael S Ritsner, Shmuel Adler, Yael Ratner, Rachel Maayan, Moshe Kotler, Herbert Lachman, Abraham Weizman
S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM-e), functions as a primary methyl group donor for several metabolic compounds. Since SAM-e is involved in several metabolic processes, its administration may have a role in the amelioration of several disorders. In addition, SAM-e increases catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme activity, which may ameliorate aggressive symptoms in certain patients. We have therefore investigated the efficacy of SAM-e in managing schizophrenia symptomatology in patients with the low activity COMT polymorphism...
January 2009: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18277369/complementary-medicines-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder
#18
REVIEW
S Bogarapu, J R Bishop, C D Krueger, M N Pavuluri
The increasing number and availability of various complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) has resulted in an exponentially growing utilization of these products for everything from minor aches and pains to the treatment of mental illness. Difficulties in treating mental illnesses in children, averseness to having children take psychiatric medications, and stigma all drive patients and their families to research alternative treatments. As a result, there has been an increased utilization of CAM in psychiatry, particularly for hard to treat conditions like pediatric BD...
February 2008: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15990509/herbs-and-nutrients-in-the-treatment-of-depression-anxiety-insomnia-migraine-and-obesity
#19
R P Brown, P L Gerbarg
Although a multitude of pharmaceutical agents are available for the treatment of mood disorders, anxiety and insomnia, many patients have difficulty tolerating the side effects, do not respond adequately, or eventually lose their response. Many therapeutic herbs and nutrients have far fewer side effects and may provide an alternative treatment or can be used to enhance the effect of prescription medications. In the article, the authors review the quality of the evidence supporting the clinical effects of a number of commonly used types of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) for mood disorders, anxiety, and insomnia...
March 2001: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15538952/s-adenosylmethionine-sam-e-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#20
R Andrew Shippy, Douglas Mendez, Kristina Jones, Irene Cergnul, Stephen E Karpiak
BACKGROUND: This study reports on clinical data from an 8-week open-label study of 20 HIV-seropositive individuals, diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (DSM-IV), who were treated with SAM-e (S-Adenosylmethionine). SAM-e may be a treatment alternative for the management of depression in a population reluctant to add another "pill" or another set of related side effects to an already complex highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen. METHODS: The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to assess depressive symptomatology from 1,2,4,6 and 8 weeks after initiation of treatment with SAM-e...
2004: BMC Psychiatry
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