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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795763/determinants-of-psychosocial-health-in-psoriatic-patients-a-multi-national-study
#1
Karolina Lesner, Adam Reich, Jacek C Szepietowski, Florence J Dalgard, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Lars Lien, Françoise Poot, Gregor B Jemec, Laurent Misery, Csanád Szabó, Dennis Linder, Francesca Sampogna, Andrea W M Evers, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Andrey Lvov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Jörg Kupfer
There are limited data on the differences in the impact of psoriasis between various countries with respect to quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial health of patients with psoriasis in different European countries. A total of 682 patients were recruited in 13 European countries. All patients completed a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic information, negative life events, suicidal ideation and satisfaction with their dermatologist. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and QoL with the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and EuroQoL (EQ-5D)...
August 10, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#2
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575412/postpartum-changes-in-mood-and-smoking-related-symptomatology-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-investigation
#3
Alicia Allen, Nicole Tosun, Sam Carlson, Sharon Allen
Introduction: Postpartum smoking relapse is a highly prevalent public health problem. Mood and breastfeeding are significantly associated with smoking relapse, though less is known about the temporality of these relationships. Therefore, this study utilized ecological momentary assessments (EMA) to prospectively examine changes mood and smoking-related symptomatology in relationship to three events - childbirth, termination of breastfeeding and smoking relapse. We expected all three events to significantly alter mood and smoking-related symptomatology...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466358/differential-surface-density-and-modulatory-effects-of-presynaptic-gabab-receptors-in-hippocampal-cholecystokinin-and-parvalbumin-basket-cells
#4
Sam A Booker, Daniel Althof, Claudius E Degro, Masahiko Watanabe, Ákos Kulik, Imre Vida
The perisomatic domain of cortical neurons is under the control of two major GABAergic inhibitory interneuron types: regular-spiking cholecystokinin (CCK) basket cells (BCs) and fast-spiking parvalbumin (PV) BCs. CCK and PV BCs are different not only in their intrinsic physiological, anatomical and molecular characteristics, but also in their presynaptic modulation of their synaptic output. Most GABAergic terminals are known to contain GABAB receptors (GABABR), but their role in presynaptic inhibition and surface expression have not been comparatively characterized in the two BC types...
May 2, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419415/allostery-at-opioid-receptors-modulation-with-small-molecule-ligands
#5
REVIEW
Kathryn E Livingston, John R Traynor
Opioid receptors are 7-transmembrane domain receptors that couple to heterotrimeric G proteins. The endogenous ligands for opioid receptors are peptides which bind to the orthosteric site on the receptors. The μ-opioid receptor is the target for opioid analgesics, while the δ-opioid receptor has been suggested as a target for pain management, migraine and depression. Similarly, κ-opioid receptors are involved in pain and depression and nociceptin receptors in pain and mood behaviours. However, exogenous orthosteric ligands for opioid receptors cause a myriad of on-target side effects...
April 18, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045285/a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-of-behavioral-activation-for-depressed-pregnant-women
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sona Dimidjian, Sherryl H Goodman, Nancy E Sherwood, Gregory E Simon, Evette Ludman, Robert Gallop, Stacy Shaw Welch, Jennifer M Boggs, Christina A Metcalf, Sam Hubley, J David Powers, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVE: Depression among pregnant women is a prevalent public health problem associated with poor maternal and offspring development. Behavioral activation (BA) is a scalable intervention aligned with pregnant women's preference for nonpharmacological depression care. This is the first test of the effectiveness of BA for depression among pregnant women, which aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of BA as compared with treatment as usual (TAU). METHOD: Pregnant women (mean age = 28...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941577/stress-illness-perceptions-behaviors-and-healing-in-venous-leg-ulcers-findings-from-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Jessica Walburn, John Weinman, Sam Norton, Matthew Hankins, Karen Dawe, Bolatito Banjoko, Kavita Vedhara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of stress, illness perceptions, and behaviors on healing of venous leg ulcers. METHODS: A prospective observational study of 63 individuals for 24 weeks investigated possible psychosocial predictors of healing. There were two indices of healing: rate of change in ulcer area and number of weeks to heal. Psychological variables were assessed at baseline using self-report measures (Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, adapted Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Adherence Questionnaire, and Short-Form Health Survey)...
June 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852802/enhanced-macroboring-and-depressed-calcification-drive-net-dissolution-at-high-co2-coral-reefs
#8
Ian C Enochs, Derek P Manzello, Graham Kolodziej, Sam H C Noonan, Lauren Valentino, Katharina E Fabricius
Ocean acidification (OA) impacts the physiology of diverse marine taxa; among them corals that create complex reef framework structures. Biological processes operating on coral reef frameworks remain largely unknown from naturally high-carbon-dioxide (CO2) ecosystems. For the first time, we independently quantified the response of multiple functional groups instrumental in the construction and erosion of these frameworks (accretion, macroboring, microboring, and grazing) along natural OA gradients. We deployed blocks of dead coral skeleton for roughly 2 years at two reefs in Papua New Guinea, each experiencing volcanically enriched CO2, and employed high-resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) to create three-dimensional models of changing skeletal structure...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819713/impairment-of-sexual-life-in-3-485-dermatological-outpatients-from-a-multicentre-study-in-13-european-countries
#9
Francesca Sampogna, Damiano Abeni, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Lars Lien, Géraldine Titeca, Gregor B E Jemec, Laurent Misery, Csanád Szabó, M Dennis Linder, Andrea W M Evers, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Jacek C Szepietowski, Dmitry V Romanov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Jörg Kupfer, Florence Dalgard
Skin conditions may have a strong impact on patients' sexual life, and thus influence personal relationships. Sexual issues are difficult to discuss directly in clinical practice, and a mediated instrument may be useful to capture such information. In this study item 9 of the Dermatology Life Quality Index was used to collect information on sexual impact of several skin conditions in 13 European countries. Among 3,485 patients, 23.1% reported sexual problems. The impairment was particularly high in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa, prurigo, blistering disorders, psoriasis, urticaria, eczema, infections of the skin, or pruritus...
November 7, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788381/correlates-of-suicidality-in-firefighter-ems-personnel
#10
Colleen E Martin, Jana K Tran, Sam J Buser
BACKGROUND: Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel experience higher rates of lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts than the general population and other protective service professions. Several correlates of suicidality (alcohol use, depression, posttraumatic stress) have been identified in the literature as applicable to firefighter/EMS populations; however, few studies to date have examined the specific correlates of suicidality (lifetime suicidal ideation and/or attempts) in a firefighter/EMS sample...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486153/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-2016-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-section-5-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-treatments
#11
Arun V Ravindran, Lynda G Balneaves, Guy Faulkner, Abigail Ortiz, Diane McIntosh, Rachel L Morehouse, Lakshmi Ravindran, Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Sagar V Parikh
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255977/reduced-heterotrophy-in-the-stony-coral-galaxea-fascicularis-after-life-long-exposure-to-elevated-carbon-dioxide
#12
Joy N Smith, Julia Strahl, Sam H C Noonan, Gertraud M Schmidt, Claudio Richter, Katharina E Fabricius
Ocean acidification imposes many physiological, energetic, structural and ecological challenges to stony corals. While some corals may increase autotrophy under ocean acidification, another potential mechanism to alleviate some of the adverse effects on their physiology is to increase heterotrophy. We compared the feeding rates of Galaxea fascicularis colonies that have lived their entire lives under ocean acidification conditions at natural carbon dioxide (CO2) seeps with colonies living under present-day CO2 conditions...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766947/characteristics-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-internet-gaming-disorder-among-adults-using-self-reported-dsm-5-criteria
#13
Na Ri Kim, Samuel Suk-Hyun Hwang, Jung-Seok Choi, Dai-Jin Kim, Zsolt Demetrovics, Orsolya Király, Katalin Nagygyörgy, Mark D Griffiths, So Yeon Hyun, Hyun Chul Youn, Sam-Wook Choi
OBJECTIVE: The Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) proposed nine diagnostic criteria and five cut-point criteria for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). We aimed to examine the efficacy of such criteria. METHODS: Adults (n=3041, men: 1824, women: 1217) who engaged in internet gaming within last 6 months completed a self-report online survey using the suggested wordings of the criteria in DSM-5. Major characteristics, gaming behavior, and psychiatric symptoms of IGD were analyzed using ANOVA, chi-square, and correlation analyses...
January 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23981407/a-pilot-study-of-s-adenosylmethionine-in-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#14
Lillian J Choi, Jeannie S Huang
CONTEXT: Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children. Currently, medical practitioners widely use tricyclic antidepressants to treat FAP. Those antidepressants, however, have been associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, and the accompanying side effects often limit the benefits. S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e) is a dietary supplement that has efficacy as an antidepressant and as a treatment for chronic pain...
September 2013: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22589230/dietary-supplement-drug-therapies-for-depression
#15
Robert H Howland
Many dietary supplements are readily accessible and commonly used for the treatment of depression. A dietary supplement is a product intended to supplement the diet but is not intended to treat, diagnose, prevent, or cure disease. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration can take action against dietary supplement manufacturers for products only after they are marketed, mainly if the product is found to be unsafe or if false or misleading claims are made about the product. Few dietary supplement products have been adequately studied for their safety and efficacy...
June 2012: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22156949/the-tinnitus-functional-index-development-of-a-new-clinical-measure-for-chronic-intrusive-tinnitus
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mary B Meikle, James A Henry, Susan E Griest, Barbara J Stewart, Harvey B Abrams, Rachel McArdle, Paula J Myers, Craig W Newman, Sharon Sandridge, Dennis C Turk, Robert L Folmer, Eric J Frederick, John W House, Gary P Jacobson, Sam E Kinney, William H Martin, Stephen M Nagler, Gloria E Reich, Grant Searchfield, Robert Sweetow, Jack A Vernon
OBJECTIVES: Chronic subjective tinnitus is a prevalent condition that causes significant distress to millions of Americans. Effective tinnitus treatments are urgently needed, but evaluating them is hampered by the lack of standardized measures that are validated for both intake assessment and evaluation of treatment outcomes. This work was designed to develop a new self-report questionnaire, the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI), that would have documented validity both for scaling the severity and negative impact of tinnitus for use in intake assessment and for measuring treatment-related changes in tinnitus (responsiveness) and that would provide comprehensive coverage of multiple tinnitus severity domains...
March 2012: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21673208/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Richard Nahas, Osmaan Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical evidence supporting complementary and alternative medicine interventions for treating major depressive disorder. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: PubMed was searched from January 1966 to February 2010 using the term depressive disorder in combination with St John's wort, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e), exercise, acupuncture, omega-3 fatty acids, and folate. Only relevant human trials were selected. MAIN MESSAGE: In a large meta-analysis, St John's wort was found to be equivalent to antidepressant drugs with fewer side effects...
June 2011: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21438644/st-john-s-wort-and-s-adenosyl-methionine-as-natural-alternatives-to-conventional-antidepressants-in-the-era-of-the-suicidality-boxed-warning-what-is-the-evidence-for-clinically-relevant-benefit
#18
REVIEW
David J Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: A boxed-warning in antidepressant labeling now informs prescribers of the potential for treatment-emergent suicidality to occur. Consequently, alternative "natural" antidepressant therapies widely viewed to be devoid of this risk, such as St. John's wort (SJW) and s-adenosyl methionine (SAM-e), may experience a resurgence in popularity and expansion of use beyond mild forms of depressive illness. The purpose of this article is to critically assess whether the clinical evidence supports the use of SJW and SAM-e as alternatives to conventional antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD)...
March 2011: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20923617/using-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-for-depression
#19
Maurizio Fava
The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) has increased among patients with psychiatric disorders over recent decades. Therefore, clinicians must inquire and be knowledgeable about the use of CAM therapies, not only to give their patients accurate and up-to-date information but also to know when to appropriately prescribe CAM therapies to patients. Of the available CAMs, omega-3 fatty acids, folate, SAM-e, and St John's wort are reviewed.
September 2010: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19909689/evidence-for-s-adenosyl-l-methionine-sam-e-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#20
REVIEW
George I Papakostas
Despite the increasingly large array of antidepressants available to treat major depressive disorder, patients continue to experience relatively modest response and remission rates. In addition, patients may experience adverse side effects from pharmacotherapy that not only hinder treatment compliance and adherence but, in some cases, may also contribute to increased disability, patient suffering, morbidity, and mortality. In order to enhance treatment efficacy and tolerability, patients and clinicians have become increasingly interested in nonpharmaceutical supplements for treating depression...
2009: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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