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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724097/influence-of-long-term-application-of-feedlot-manure-amendments-on-water-repellency-of-a-clay-loam-soil
#1
Jim J Miller, Bruce W Beasley, Paul Hazendonk, Craig F Drury, David S Chanasyk
Long-term application of feedlot manure to cropland may increase the quantity of soil organic carbon (C) and change its quality, which may influence soil water repellency. The objective was to determine the influence of feedlot manure type (stockpiled vs. composted), bedding material (straw [ST] vs. woodchips [WD]), and application rate (13, 39, or 77 Mg ha) on repellency of a clay loam soil after 17 annual applications. The repellency was determined on all 14 treatments using the water repellency index ( index), the water drop penetration time (WDPT) method, and molarity of ethanol (MED) test...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724043/compulsory-notification-at-skilled-nursing-facilities
#2
Milton Luiz Gorzoni, Márcia Regina Valadares Aguado, Sueli Luciano Pires, Lilian de Fátima Costa Faria
Introduction: Notifiable diseases (NDs) encompass conditions of high clinical severity and/or contagious. Being closed communities, long-term care facilities (LTCF) are places that deserve attention on their own, but one might be left wondering: what is the reality of NDs at Brazilian LTCFs? Objective: To determine the prevalence and type of NDs at large LTCF. Method: Active search for NDs conducted by the Hospital Infection Control Committee (HICC) in 459 beds...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723835/a-modified-supine-position-facilitates-bladder-function-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Yisi Liu, Ying Zhang, Ying Wu, Malcolm Elliott
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is currently the most common intervention for cardiovascular disease. Standard care after PCI typically involves a period of bed rest in the supine position, but this position creates voiding difficulties. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether a modified supine position could facilitate bladder emptying after PCI. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial involving 300 patients was conducted...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723589/types-of-objects-in-the-sleep-environment-associated-with-infant-suffocation-and-strangulation
#4
Christopher E Gaw, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Jonathan Midgett, Kyran Quinlan, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the circumstances of death and types and roles of objects present in the sleep environment at the time of death for infants who died from suffocation or strangulation during sleep. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,736 reported incidents of accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) of infants younger than one year of age. These fatalities occurred from 2000 through 2012 and were reported to the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719448/biopsy-proven-diffuse-mediastinal-prostate-cancer-metastases-negative-on-18f-fluorocholine-diagnosed-on-68ga-psma-and-18f-psma-pet-ct
#5
Guillaume Chaussé, Tamim Niazi, Gad Solomon Abikhzer, Stephan Michael Probst
A 72-year-old man with prostate cancer (stage T3b, Gleason score 7) treated by radical prostatectomy was found to have biochemical failure (prostate-specific antigen 8.5 ng/mL) and a suspicious growing nodularity at the left prostate bed on MRI. F-fluorocholine PET/CT failed to demonstrate any site of uptake suggestive of malignancy. A bone scan did exclude bone metastases. Ga-PSMA PET/CT revealed various positive lymph nodes in the supraclavicular, mediastinal, and hilar regions. This was confirmed on F-DCFPyl PET/CT, with the addition of a suspicious right axillary lymph node...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717991/prolonged-bed-rest-impairs-rapid-cpi-17-phosphorylation-and-contraction-in-rat-mesenteric-resistance-arteries-to-cause-orthostatic-hypotension
#6
Toshio Kitazawa, Kazuyo Kitazawa
Prolonged bed rest (PBR) causes orthostatic hypotension (OH). Rapid constriction of splanchnic resistance arteries in response to a sudden increase in sympathetic tone contributes to the recovery of orthostatic arterial pressure upon standing. However, the molecular mechanism of PBR-induced dysfunction in arterial constriction is not fully understood. Previously, we showed that CPI-17, a regulatory protein for myosin phosphatase, mediates α1A-adrenergic receptor-induced rapid contraction of small mesenteric arteries...
July 17, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717856/intraoperative-radiotherapy-for-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcomas-can-long-term-local-control-be-achieved
#7
Esther Carbó-Laso, Pablo Sanz-Ruiz, José Antonio Calvo-Haro, Miguel Cuervo-Dehesa, Rubén Pérez-Mañanes, Lydia Mediavilla-Santos, Coral Sánchez-Pérez, Ana Álvarez-González, Javier Vaquero-Martín
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy (IOERT) during limb-sparing surgery has the advantage of delivering a single high boost dose to sarcoma residues and surgical bed area near to radiosensitive structures with limited toxicity. Retrospective studies have suggested that IOERT may improve local control compared to standard radiotherapy and we aimed to demonstrate this theory. Therefore, we performed an observational prospective study to determine (1) if it is possible to achieve high local control by adding IOERT to external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in extremity soft-tissue sarcomas (STS), (2) if it is possible to improve long-term survival rates, and (3) if toxicity could be reduced with IOERT MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1995-2003, 39 patients with extremity STS were treated with IOERT and postoperative radiotherapy...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715145/the-autophagy-receptor-adaptor-p62-is-up-regulated-by-uva-radiation-in-melanocytes-and-in-melanoma-cells
#8
Ashley Sample, Baozhong Zhao, Chunli Wu, Steven Qian, Xianglin Shi, Andrew Aplin, Yu-Ying He
UVA (315-400 nm) is the most abundant in sunlight and is used in indoor tanning beds. However, much remains to be understood about the regulation of the UVA damage response in melanocytes and melanoma. Here we show that UVA, but not the shorter waveband UVB (280-315 nm), up-regulates adaptor protein p62 in an Nrf2- and ROS-dependent manner, suggesting a UVA-specific effect on p62 regulation. UVA-induced p62 up-regulation was inhibited by a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant or Nrf2 knockdown. In addition, p62 knockdown inhibited UVA-induced ROS production and Nrf2 up-regulation...
July 17, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707548/geographical-assignment-of-hospitalists-in-an-urban-teaching-hospital-feasibility-and-impact-on-efficiency-and-provider-satisfaction
#9
Christine Bryson, Greta Boynton, Anna Stepczynski, Jane Garb, Reva Kleppel, Farzan Irani, Siva Natanasabathpy, Mihaela S Stefan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether implementation of a geographic model of assigning hospitalists is feasible and sustainable in a large hospitalist program and assess its impact on provider satisfaction, perceived efficiency and patient outcomes. METHODS: Pre (3 months) - post (12 months) intervention study conducted from June 2014 through September 2015 at a tertiary care medical center with a large hospitalist program caring for patients scattered in 4 buildings and 16 floors...
July 14, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706861/nutech-functional-score-a-novel-scoring-system-to-assess-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#10
Geeta Shroff, Jitendra Kumar Barthakur
AIM: To develop a new scoring system, nutech functional scores (NFS) for assessing the patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: The conventional scale, American Spinal Injury Association's (ASIA) impairment scale is a measure which precisely describes the severity of the SCI. However, it has various limitations which lead to incomplete assessment of SCI patients. We have developed a 63 point scoring system, i.e., NFS for patients suffering with SCI. A list of symptoms either common or rare that were found to be associated with SCI was recorded for each patient...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706802/medial-meniscus-posterior-root-tear-repair-using-a-2-simple-suture-pullout-technique
#11
Tarek Mohamed Samy, Wael A M Nassar, Zeiad Mohamed Zakaria, Ahmed Khaled Farrag Abdelaziz
Medial meniscus posterior root tear is one of the underestimated knee injuries in terms of incidence. Despite its grave sequelae, using simple but effective technique can maintain the native knee joint longevity. In the current note, a 2-simple-suture pullout technique was used to effectively reduce the meniscus posterior root to its anatomic position. The success of the technique depended on proper tool selection as well as tibial tunnel direction that allowed easier root suturing and better suture tensioning, without inducing any iatrogenic articular cartilage injury or meniscal tissue loss...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705304/clinical-practice-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-japan-a-nationwide-survey-and-scientific-evidences
#12
Sadatomo Tasaka, Koichiro Tatsumi
BACKGROUND: There has been limited information about epidemiology and clinical practice of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in Japan. METHODS: An invitation letter to the web-based survey was mailed to all 871 board certified hospitals of the Japanese Respiratory Society. The questionnaires were designed to collect data on epidemiology and clinical practice of ARDS, including diagnostic measures and therapeutics. RESULTS: Within 4 months of the survey period, valid responses were obtained from 296 (34%) hospitals...
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705168/relevance-of-breast-mri-in-determining-the-size-and-focality-of-invasive-breast-cancer-treated-by-mastectomy-a-prospective-study
#13
Anne-Julie Carin, Sébastien Molière, Victor Gabriele, Massimo Lodi, Nicolas Thiébaut, Karl Neuberger, Carole Mathelin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the evaluation of breast MRI in determining the size and focality of invasive non-metastatic breast cancers. METHODS: The prospective, single-centre study conducted in 2015 compared preoperative MRI with histological analysis of mastectomy. RESULTS: One hundred one mastectomies from 98 patients were extensively analysed. The rates of false-positive and false-negative MRI were 2 and 4% respectively. The sensitivity of breast MRI was 84...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700509/does-physician-leadership-affect-hospital-quality-operational-efficiency-and-financial-performance
#14
Michael C Tasi, Aakash Keswani, Kevin J Bozic
BACKGROUND: With payers and policymakers' focus on improving the value (health outcomes achieved per health care dollar spent) of health care delivery, physicians are increasingly taking on senior leadership/management positions in health care organizations (Carsen & Xia, 2006). Little research has been done to understand the impact of physician leadership on the delivery of care. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine whether hospital systems led by physicians were associated with better U...
July 11, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700126/contextual-factors-impacting-a-pain-management-intervention
#15
Fawwaz Alaloul, Kimberly Williams, John Myers, Kayla Dlauren Jones, Katelyn Sullivan, M Cynthia Logsdon
PURPOSE: To determine if findings from our preliminary study related to patient and nursing satisfaction with a pain management intervention could be replicated in a changed environment, and if contextual factors could impact the effectiveness of a pain management intervention on patient satisfaction with nursing staff's management of pain. METHODS: A prospective, experimental design was used with six monthly assessments before, during, and after the intervention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693398/use-of-evidence-based-management-in-healthcare-administration-decision-making
#16
Ruiling Guo, Steven D Berkshire, Lawrence V Fulton, Patrick M Hermanson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether healthcare leaders use evidence-based management (EBMgt) when facing major decisions and what types of evidence healthcare administrators consult during their decision-making. This study also intends to identify any relationship that might exist among adoption of EBMgt in healthcare management, attitudes towards EBMgt, demographic characteristics and organizational characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study was conducted among US healthcare leaders...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692851/a-simple-device-to-convert-a-small-animal-pet-scanner-into-a-multi-sample-tissue-and-injection-syringe-counter
#17
Michael V Green, Jurgen Seidel, Peter L Choyke, Elaine M Jagoda
INTRODUCTION: We describe a simple fixture that can be added to the imaging bed of a small-animal PET scanner that allows for automated counting of multiple organ or tissue samples from mouse-sized animals and counting of injection syringes prior to administration of the radiotracer. The combination of imaging and counting capabilities in the same machine offers advantages in certain experimental settings. METHODS: A polyethylene block of plastic, sculpted to mate with the animal imaging bed of a small-animal PET scanner, is machined to receive twelve 5-ml containers, each capable of holding an entire organ from a mouse-sized animal...
June 3, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#18
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 6, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#19
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689313/-137-cs-transmission-imaging-and-segmented-attenuation-corrections-in-a-small-animal-pet-scanner
#20
Ying-Hwey Nai, Takayuki Ose, Miho Shidahara, Hiroshi Watabe
Attenuation correction (AC) is required for accurate quantitative evaluation of small animal PET data. Our objective was to compare three AC methods in the small animal Clairvivo-PET scanner. The three AC methods involve applying attenuation coefficient maps generated by simulating a cylindrical map (SAC), segmenting the emission data (ESAC), and segmenting the transmission data (TSAC), imaged using a (137)Cs single-photon source. Investigation was carried out using a 65 mm uniform cylinder and an NEMA NU4 2008 mouse phantom, filled with water or tungsten liquid, to mimic bone...
July 8, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
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