keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bed positioning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930778/radioprotection-with-amifostine-enhances-bone-strength-and-regeneration-and-bony-union-in-a-rat-model-of-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis
#1
Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Alexis Donneys, Sagar S Deshpande, Deniz Sarhaddi, Noah S Nelson, Laura A Monson, Sara E Dahle, Steve A Goldstein, Steven R Buchman
BACKGROUND: Using distraction osteogenesis (DO) to regenerate robust endogenous bone could greatly enhance postoncologic reconstruction of head and neck cancer. However, radiation (XRT) corrosive effects still preclude DO's immense potential. We posit that adjunctive pretreatment with the radioprotectant amifostine (AMF) can optimize wound healing and allow for successful DO with quantifiable enhancements in bony union and strength despite previous surgical bed irradiation. METHODS: Two groups of murine left hemimandibles were exposed to a human equivalent radiation dosage fractionated over 5 daily doses of 7 Gy...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929350/optimal-mri-sequences-for-68-ga-psma-11-pet-mri-in-evaluation-of-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#2
Spencer T Lake, Kirsten L Greene, Antonio C Westphalen, Spencer C Behr, Ronald Zagoria, Eric J Small, Peter R Carroll, Thomas A Hope
BACKGROUND: PET/MRI can be used for the detection of disease in biochemical recurrence (BCR) patients imaged with (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET. This study was designed to determine the optimal MRI sequences to localize positive findings on (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET of patients with BCR after definitive therapy. Fifty-five consecutive prostate cancer patients with BCR imaged with (68)Ga-PSMA-11 3.0T PET/MRI were retrospectively analyzed. Mean PSA was 7.9 ± 12.9 ng/ml, and mean PSA doubling time was 7...
September 19, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928339/influence-of-pharmacy-students-on-the-attitudes-of-medical-students-following-an-interprofessional-course
#3
Fatemeh Dabaghzadeh, Bahare Zihayat, Farhad Sarafzadeh
BACKGROUND: Clinical interprofessional education (IPE) can promote mutual understanding of other health professions and respectful behaviors among health-care professionals. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of IPE on the attitudes of medical and pharmacy students in an inpatient hospital setting and, in particular, the influence of pharmacy students on the attitudes of medical students. METHODS: The 6th year doctor of pharmacy students and medical students were enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919718/extended-infusion-versus-intermittent-infusion-of-imipenem-in-the-treatment-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#4
Mohamed M Ibrahim, Tarek Fouad Tammam, Mohy El Deen Ebaed, Hatem A Sarhan, Gamal F Gad, Amal K Hussein
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation support can be the main source of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). VAP is a serious infection that may be associated with dangerous gram-negative bacteria mainly, and it leads to an increase in the mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). Imipenem is one of the strongest antibiotics now available for treating VAP which is associated with gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, and it belongs to beta-lactam antibiotic group (carbapenem). OBJECTIVE: This study tried to investigate the efficacy of imipenem against VAP when it was infused within 180 min versus the efficacy when it was infused within 30-60 min...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919630/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-post-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patient-successful-conservative-management
#5
S H Sarker, A K Miraj, M A Hossain, M Aftabuddin
Deep vein thrombosis is an alarming medical emergency. Deep vein thrombosis or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a deep vein predominantly in the legs. Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting deep vein thrombosis is a very rare medical condition relatively in Asian. Approximately 80% of deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) is clinically asymptomatic, 20% of those that actually demonstrate signs and symptoms can be easily confused with symptoms of other commonly presenting musculoskeletal disorders...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919613/non-invasively-measured-carotid-artery-intima-medial-thickness-may-be-a-more-useful-marker-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-diabetic-than-non-diabetic-patients
#6
C M Ahmed, M K Hasan, B C Goswami, S K Banerjee, M F Rahman, H H Samira, D F Osmani, M N Hasan
Carotid intima-medial thickness has long been proposed as a surrogate marker of atherosclerotic vascular disease in other vascular beds, most notably the coronary arteries with its practical implications. This observational study aimed at exploring the relationship of a hypothetical stronger relationship of carotid intima-medial thickness with coronary artery disease in diabetic patients than non-diabetic counterparts. Thirty diabetic patients and 74 non-diabetic patients who were referred for coronary angiogram in the Departments of Cardiology Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka Cantonment, Bangladesh from January, 2002 and December, 2003 were studied...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917499/association-of-sleep-with-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Ahmer Ali, Shasha Wu, Naoum P Issa, Sandra Rose, Vernon L Towle, Peter Warnke, James X Tao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of sleep with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis based on literature search from databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus using keywords "SUDEP", or "sudden unexpected death in epilepsy", or "sudden unexplained death in epilepsy". Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy was considered to occur during sleep if the patient was found in bed, if the SUDEP cases were documented as in sleep, or if the patient was found at bedside on the bedroom floor...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916502/sociability-trait-and-regional-cerebral-oxidative-metabolism-in-rats-predominantly-nonlinear-relations
#8
Margus Kanarik, Jaanus Harro
Deficits in social behaviour are common in psychopathological conditions e.g., depression, autism and schizophrenia. In rats, sociability, defined as the engagement of an animal in non-aggressive social contact with a conspecific in a neutral arena, is as a persistent trait. To elucidate the neuroanatomy of social behaviour in animal models, long term neuronal energy metabolism was studied in rats preselected for sociability levels. Rats were divided into groups with high, medium and low sociability levels (HS, MS and LS) according to the average score of three social interaction tests, and cerebral long-term energy metabolism was assayed with cytochrome oxidase histochemistry...
September 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915165/employee-organizational-commitment-and-hospital-performance
#9
Kevin M Baird, Amy Tung, Yanjie Yu
BACKGROUND: There is widespread evidence of the purported benefits of employee organizational commitment (EOC) and its impact on both individual and organizational performance. This study contributes to this literature by providing a unique insight into this relationship, focusing on the interrelationship between EOC with hospital performance and the role of the provision of adequate facilities in eliciting EOC. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to introduce and empirically examine a new theoretical model in which it is argued that the performance of hospitals with regard to the provision of adequate facilities (medical facilities, support facilities, and staff resources) influences the level of EOC, which in turn influences hospital performance with regard to patient care and operational effectiveness...
September 15, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914782/the-future-challenge-of-reactive-oxygen-species-ros-in-hypertension-from-bench-to-bed-side
#10
REVIEW
Gabriele Togliatto, Giusy Lombardo, Maria Felice Brizzi
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as signaling molecules that control physiological processes, including cell adaptation to stress. Redox signaling via ROS has quite recently become the focus of much attention in numerous pathological contexts, including neurodegenerative diseases, kidney and cardiovascular disease. Imbalance in ROS formation and degradation has also been implicated in essential hypertension. Essential hypertension is characterized by multiple genetic and environmental factors which do not completely explain its associated risk factors...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910723/sorption-desorption-equilibrium-and-diffusion-of-tetracycline-in-poultry-litter-and-municipal-biosolids-soil-amendments
#11
E D'Angelo
Tetracycline (TET) is commonly used to treat bacterial diseases in humans and chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), is largely excreted, and is found at elevated concentrations in treated sewage sludge (biosolids) and poultry litter (excrement plus bedding materials). Routine application of these nutrient-and carbon-enriched materials to soils improves fertility and other characteristics, but the presence of antibiotics (and other pharmaceuticals) in amendments raises questions about potential adverse effects on biota and development of antibiotic resistance in the environment...
September 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910551/effects-of-differences-in-the-availability-of-light-upon-the-circadian-rhythms-of-institutionalized-elderly
#12
José A Rubiño, Antoni Gamundí, Mourad Akaarir, Francesca Cañellas, Rubén Rial, Neus Ballester, M Cristina Nicolau
The aim of this study was to compare the availability of diurnal and nocturnal light in two residences for aged persons (R1 and R2, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, Spain). We found that the R1 inmates were exposed to lower amounts of light during waking time and higher amounts during sleeping time. The main traits of the circadian rhythms and the quality of sleep in the inmates of the two residences were found to be positively related to the availability of light during waking time and negatively to the increased light exposure during bed time...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906437/developing-fine-grained-actigraphies-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-a-single-accelerometer-using-machine-learning
#13
Javier Andreu-Perez, Luis Garcia-Gancedo, Jonathan McKinnell, Anniek Van der Drift, Adam Powell, Valentin Hamy, Thomas Keller, Guang-Zhong Yang
In addition to routine clinical examination, unobtrusive and physical monitoring of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients provides an important source of information to enable understanding the impact of the disease on quality of life. Besides an increase in sedentary behaviour, pain in RA can negatively impact simple physical activities such as getting out of bed and standing up from a chair. The objective of this work is to develop a method that can generate fine-grained actigraphies to capture the impact of the disease on the daily activities of patients...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904481/external-validation-of-risk-prediction-scores-for-invasive-candidiasis-in-a-medical-surgical-intensive-care-unit-an-observational-study
#14
Armin Ahmed, Arvind Kumar Baronia, Afzal Azim, Rungmei S K Marak, Reema Yadav, Preeti Sharma, Mohan Gurjar, Banani Poddar, Ratender Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to conduct external validation of risk prediction scores for invasive candidiasis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in a 12-bedded adult medical/surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to evaluate Candida score >3, colonization index (CI) >0.5, corrected CI >0.4 (CCI), and Ostrosky's clinical prediction rule (CPR). Patients' characteristics and risk factors for invasive candidiasis were noted. Patients were divided into two groups; invasive candidiasis and no-invasive candidiasis...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894899/clinical-impact-of-psma-based-18-f-dcfbc-pet-ct-imaging-in-patients-with-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer-after-primary-local-therapy
#15
Esther Mena, Maria L Lindenberg, Joanna H Shih, Stephen Adler, Stephanie Harmon, Ethan Bergvall, Deborah Citrin, William Dahut, Anita T Ton, Yolanda McKinney, Juanita Weaver, Philip Eclarinal, Alicia Forest, George Afari, Sibaprasad Bhattacharyya, Ronnie C Mease, Maria J Merino, Peter Pinto, Bradford J Wood, Paula Jacobs, Martin G Pomper, Peter L Choyke, Baris Turkbey
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to assess (18)F-DCFBC PET/CT, a PSMA targeted PET agent, for lesion detection and clinical management of biochemical relapse in prostate cancer patients after primary treatment. METHODS: This is a prospective IRB-approved study of 68 patients with documented biochemical recurrence after primary local therapy consisting of radical prostatectomy (n = 50), post radiation therapy (n = 9) or both (n = 9), with negative conventional imaging...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892925/impact-of-antibiotic-stewardship-program-on-prescribing-pattern-of-antimicrobials-in-patients-of-medical-intensive-care-unit
#16
Nishal Shah, Anuradha Joshi, Barna Ganguly
INTRODUCTION: Rising concerns about antimicrobial resistance and inadequate development of effective new anti-infective drugs have stimulated universal efforts to strengthen infection-control interventions. Antimicrobial stewardship is a rational, systematic approach to promote the optimal selection, dosing, and duration of therapy for antimicrobial agents throughout the course of their use in order to improve the outcomes. AIM: Since in Shree Krishna Hospital (SKH), Antibiotic Stewardship Program (ASP) was first implemented in 2013, this study was planned to assess any change in antimicrobial use before and after implementation of ASP and to study the rate and pattern of antimicrobial use in medical ICU...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888814/primary-and-secondary-enuresis-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
September 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888510/improving-the-patient-experience-call-light-intervention-bundle
#18
Jacqueline J Nelson, Beth A Staffileno
PURPOSE: Delays in call light response are a significant patient quality and safety concern. Research on call light interventions and patient outcomes has focused exclusively on adult inpatients. This project examined the impact of increasing staff awareness and workflow redesign to improve the pediatric patient experience and outcomes based on timely response. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quality improvement project was conducted on two pediatric medical surgical units' (31 and 35 beds respectively) at a large Midwest academic medical center with patients' ages from to young adults...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887398/-64-cucl2-pet-ct-in-prostate-cancer-relapse
#19
Arnoldo Piccardo, Francesco Paparo, Matteo Puntoni, Sergio Righi, Gianluca Bottoni, Lorenzo Bacigalupo, Silvia Zanardi, Andrea DeCensi, Giulia Ferrarazzo, Monica Gambaro, Filippo Grillo Ruggieri, Fabio Campodonico, Laura Tomasello, Luca Timossi, Simona Sola, Egesta Lopci, Manlio Cabria
To evaluate the biodistribution, kinetics and radiation dosimetry of (64)CuCl2 in humans and to assess the ability of (64)CuCl2-PoPET/CT to detect prostate cancer (PCa) recurrence in patients with biochemical relapse. Methods: we prospectively evaluated 50 PCa patients with biochemical relapse after surgery or external-beam radiation therapy. All patients underwent (64)CuCl2-PET/CT, (18)F-Choline-PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) within 15 days of each other. Experienced readers interpreted the images, and the detection rate (DR) of each imaging modality was calculated...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887295/photoaging-mobile-apps-in-school-based-melanoma-prevention-pilot-study
#20
Titus Josef Brinker, Christian Martin Brieske, Christoph Matthias Schaefer, Fabian Buslaff, Martina Gatzka, Maximilian Philip Petri, Wiebke Sondermann, Dirk Schadendorf, Ingo Stoffels, Joachim Klode
BACKGROUND: Around 90% of melanomas are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and are therefore eminently preventable. Tanning behavior is mostly initiated in early adolescence, often with the belief that it increases attractiveness; the problems related to malignant melanoma and other skin cancers are too far in the future to fathom. Given the substantial amount of time children and adolescents spend in schools, as well as with their mobile phones, addressing melanoma prevention via both of these ways is crucial...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
keyword
keyword
85875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"